keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

warfarin genetic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778033/weight-and-the-vitamin-k-expoxide-reductase-1-genotype-primarily-contribute-to-the-warfarin-dosing-in-pediatric-patients-with-kawasaki-disease
#1
Zhouping Wang, Li Zhang, Ping Huang, Xiaoqiong Gu, Xiaofei Xie, Yanfei Wang, Wei Li, Qiyi Zeng
INTRODUCTION: Warfarin therapy is recommended in children with giant coronary artery aneurysms (GCAAs) after Kawasaki disease (KD). Large individual variability makes it difficult to predict the warfarin dose. Polymorphisms in the vitamin K expoxide reductase 1 (VKORC1) and cytochrome P4502C9 (CYP2C9) genes have been reported to influence the warfarin dose. We investigated the effects of the VKORC1 and CYP2C9 genotypes on the warfarin dose in pediatric patients with giant CAAs after KD...
May 8, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777097/gwas-on-family-history-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Riccardo E Marioni, Sarah E Harris, Qian Zhang, Allan F McRae, Saskia P Hagenaars, W David Hill, Gail Davies, Craig W Ritchie, Catharine R Gale, John M Starr, Alison M Goate, David J Porteous, Jian Yang, Kathryn L Evans, Ian J Deary, Naomi R Wray, Peter M Visscher
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a public health priority for the 21st century. Risk reduction currently revolves around lifestyle changes with much research trying to elucidate the biological underpinnings. We show that self-report of parental history of Alzheimer's dementia for case ascertainment in a genome-wide association study of 314,278 participants from UK Biobank (27,696 maternal cases, 14,338 paternal cases) is a valid proxy for an AD genetic study. After meta-analysing with published consortium data (n = 74,046 with 25,580 cases across the discovery and replication analyses), three new AD-associated loci (P < 5 × 10-8 ) are identified...
May 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776386/impact-of-vkorc1-cyp4f2-and-nqo1-gene-variants-on-warfarin-dose-requirement-in-han-chinese-patients-with-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#3
Jiao Li, Wenlong Yang, Zhonghui Xie, Kun Yu, Yuhua Chen, Kaijun Cui
BACKGROUND: The anticoagulation of atrial fibrillation catheter ablation during the perioperative stage does matter and should be treated with discretion. We aimed to assess impact of three important genes participating in vitamin K cycle (i.e. VKORC1 rs9923231, CYP4F2 rs2108622 and NQO1 rs1800566) on the daily stable warfarin dose requirement in Sichuan Han Chinese patients with catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. METHODS: A total of 222 atrial fibrillation patients taking stable warfarin therapy after catheter ablation operation were enrolled in this study...
May 18, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723987/long-term-statin-administration-does-not-affect-warfarin-time-in-therapeutic-range-in-australia-or-singapore
#4
Nijole Bernaitis, Chi Keong Ching, Siew Chong Teo, Tony Badrick, Andrew K Davey, Julia Crilly, Shailendra Anoopkumar-Dukie
BACKGROUND: Warfarin requires ongoing monitoring of the International Normalised Ratio (INR). This is because numerous factors influence the response, including drug interactions with commonly-prescribed medications, such as statins. The administration of statins with warfarin may change INR; however, there is limited information regarding the effects on warfarin control as measured by time in therapeutic range (TTR). Statins may also alter bleeds with warfarin, but there are conflicting reports demonstrating both increased and decreased bleeds, and limited data on diverse ethnic populations...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667309/low-warfarin-resistance-frequency-in-norway-rats-in-two-cities-in-china-after-30-years-usage-of-anticoagulant-rodenticides
#5
Xiaohui Ma, Da-Wei Wang, Ning Li, Lan Liu, Lin Tian, Chan Luo, Lin Cong, Zhiyong Feng, Xiao-Hui Liu, Ying Song
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulant rodenticides have been widely used in rodent control in China for over 30 years and resistant Norway rats have been reported. Mutations in the vitamin K epoxide reductase complex, subunit 1 (Vkorc1) gene can cause anticoagulant resistance in rodents. In this study, we analyzed the Vkorc1 polymorphisms of 681 Norway rats collected in Zhanjiang and Harbin City in China from 2008 to 2015 and evaluated the warfarin resistance frequency. RESULTS: Analysis revealed 4 mutations including 3 not previously reported...
April 17, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622878/the-influence-of-cyp2c9-and-vkorc1-gene-polymorphisms-on-the-response-to-warfarin-in-egyptians
#6
Ahmed M L Bedewy, Salah Showeta, Mostafa Hasan Mostafa, Lamia Saeed Kandil
Warfarin is the most commonly used drug for chronic prevention of thromboembolic events, it also ranks high among drugs that cause serious adverse events. The variability in dose requirements has been attributed to inter-individual differences in medical, personal, and genetic factor. Cytochrome P-450 2C9 is the principle enzyme that terminates the anticoagulant effect of warfarin by catalyzing the conversion of the pharmacologically more potent S-enantiomer to its inactive metabolites. Warfarin exerts its effect by inhibition of vitamin K epoxide reductase...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581108/vkorc1-and-vkorc1l1-have-distinctly-different-oral-anticoagulant-dose-response-characteristics-and-binding-sites
#7
Katrin J Czogalla, Kerstin Liphardt, Klara Höning, Veit Hornung, Arijit Biswas, Matthias Watzka, Johannes Oldenburg
Vitamin K reduction is catalyzed by 2 enzymes in vitro: the vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 (VKORC1) and its isozyme VKORC1-like1 (VKORC1L1). In vivo, VKORC1 reduces vitamin K to sustain γ-carboxylation of vitamin K-dependent proteins, including coagulation factors. Inhibition of VKORC1 by oral anticoagulants (OACs) is clinically used in therapy and in prevention of thrombosis. However, OACs also inhibit VKORC1L1, which was previously shown to play a role in intracellular redox homeostasis in vitro...
March 27, 2018: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542828/rationale-design-and-preliminary-results-of-the-quebec-warfarin-cohort-study
#8
Sylvie Perreault, Payman Shahabi, Robert Côté, Stéphanie Dumas, Étienne Rouleau-Mailloux, Yassamin Feroz Zada, Sylvie Provost, Ian Mongrain, Marc Dorais, Thao Huynh, Simon Kouz, Ariel Diaz, Mark Blostein, Simon de Denus, Jacques Turgeon, Jeffrey Ginsberg, Jacques Lelorier, Lyne Lalonde, Lambert Busque, Jeannine Kassis, Mario Talajic, Jean-Claude Tardif, Marie-Pierre Dubé
Over- and undercoagulation with warfarin are associated with hemorrhagic and thromboembolic events, respectively. Genetic and clinical factors affect warfarin response, and the causes of this variability remain unclear. We present descriptive statistics and test for predictors of poor anticoagulation control. The Quebec Warfarin Cohort (QWC) comprises 1059 new warfarin users, with prospective follow-up using telephone questionnaires every 3 months for 1 year, and using healthcare administrative databases (RAMQ and Med-Echo) for 5 years prior to cohort entry and up to 10 years following active patient participation...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494962/association-between-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-and-warfarin-response-during-initial-anticoagulation
#9
Shuai He, Huangmengjie Zhang, Yide Cao, Fulai Nian, Hongwei Chen, Wen Chen, Merveesh L Auchoybur, Li Yin, Zhonghao Tao, Shaowen Tang, Xin Chen
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes are associated with warfarin dose requirements in various populations. Whether APOE genotypes mediate the warfarin response is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic contributions of different APOE genotypes to the early phase of anticoagulation in Han Chinese patients. We conducted a retrospective cohort study and assessed APOE genotypes, clinical characteristics, international normalized ratio (INR) responses, warfarin dose requirements and bleeding events in 429 Han Chinese patients...
May 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396738/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-re-evaluation-of-a-genetic-guided-warfarin-trial
#10
Carlo Federico Zambon, Vittorio Pengo, Stefania Moz, Dania Bozzato, Paola Fogar, Andrea Padoan, Mario Plebani, Francesca Groppa, Giovanni De Rosa, Roberto Padrini
PURPOSE: A previous trial failed to demonstrate the superiority of a demographic-genetic algorithm in predicting warfarin (W) dose over a standard clinical approach. The purpose of the present study is to re-analyse the results in subgroups of patients with differing baseline sensitivity to W, integrated with additional pharmacokinetic data. METHODS: The original trial allocated 180 treatment-naïve patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation to a control arm (CTL, n = 92) or a genetic-guided arm (GEN, n = 88)...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393514/influence-of-age-on-warfarin-dose-anticoagulation-control-and-risk-of-hemorrhage
#11
Aditi Shendre, Gaurav M Parmar, Chrisly Dillon, Timothy Mark Beasley, Nita A Limdi
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the influence of age on warfarin dose, percentage time in target range (PTTR), and risk of major hemorrhage. DESIGN: Warfarin users recruited into a large prospective inception cohort study were categorized into three age groups: young (younger than 50 yrs), middle aged (50-70 yrs), and elderly (older than 70 yrs). The influence of age on warfarin dose and PTTR was assessed using regression analysis; risk of major hemorrhage was assessed using proportional hazards analysis...
February 2, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369598/a-case-of-hereditary-thrombophilia-in-a-chinese-han-patient-with-both-antithrombin-deficiency-and-factor-v-leiden-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Xinyuan Li, Weihong Lin, Lijun Zhu, Yonghong Wang, Shan Liu, Jing Liu, Heqian Du, Shaokuan Fang
Hereditary thrombophilia is a blood coagulation disorder that increases the risk of venous thromboembolism, due to several genetic risk factors. Factor V Leiden(FVL) is the most common contributing factor to thrombophilia in the Caucasian population but very rare in Asian population and concurrent occurrence of antithrombin(AT) deficiency and FVL in Chinese Han population is even more rare. We report the case of a 22-year-old female who experienced recurrent intracranial venous thromboses, furthermore, color Doppler ultrasound showed multiple extracranial thromboses...
December 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353277/a-critical-review-of-the-consensus-statement-from-the-european-atherosclerosis-society-consensus-panel-2017
#13
Harumi Okuyama, Tomohito Hamazaki, Rokuro Hama, Yoichi Ogushi, Tetsuyuki Kobayashi, Naoki Ohara, Hajime Uchino
BACKGROUND: The Consensus Statement from the European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS) Consensus Panel 2017 concludes on the basis of 3 different types of clinical studies that low-density lipoprotein (LDL) causes atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). In Mendelian randomization studies, rare genetic mutations affecting LDL receptor function were found to cause higher or lower LDL-C levels, which are associated with correspondingly altered ASCVD risk. In prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of statins, a remarkably consistent log-linear association was demonstrated between the absolute magnitude of LDL-C exposure and ASCVD risk...
2018: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335863/integrative-medicine-on-optimizing-clopidogrel-and-aspirin-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Hui Chen
This article reviews the available published data on optimizing clopidogrel and aspirin therapy using translational and integrative medicine. Translational and evidence-based medical studies show that the CYP2C19 gene mutation (CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3) could affect > 50% of the Chinese population, and that this mutation is closely associated with clopidogrel resistance and an increased risk of major adverse cardiovascular events, particularly stent thrombosis in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
January 15, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318005/precision-medicine-does-ethnicity-information-complement-genotype-based-prescribing-decisions
#15
REVIEW
Rashmi R Shah, Andrea Gaedigk
Inter-ethnic differences in drug response are all too well known. These are underpinned by a number of factors, including pharmacogenetic differences across various ethnic populations. Precision medicine relies on genotype-based prescribing decisions with the aim of maximizing efficacy and mitigating the risks. When there is no access to genotyping tests, ethnicity is frequently regarded as a proxy of the patient's probable genotype on the basis of overall population-based frequency of genetic variations in the ethnic group the patient belongs to, with some variations being ethnicity-specific...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283396/pharmacogenomics-of-cyp2c9-functional-and-clinical-considerations
#16
REVIEW
Ann K Daly, Allan E Rettie, Douglas M Fowler, John O Miners
CYP2C9 is the most abundant CYP2C subfamily enzyme in human liver and the most important contributor from this subfamily to drug metabolism. Polymorphisms resulting in decreased enzyme activity are common in the CYP2C9 gene and this, combined with narrow therapeutic indices for several key drug substrates, results in some important issues relating to drug safety and efficacy. CYP2C9 substrate selectivity is detailed and, based on crystal structures for the enzyme, we describe how CYP2C9 catalyzes these reactions...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277691/genetic-polymorphisms-of-drug-metabolizing-cytochrome-p450-enzymes-in-cynomolgus-and-rhesus-monkeys-and-common-marmosets-in-preclinical-studies-for-humans
#17
REVIEW
Yasuhiro Uno, Shotaro Uehara, Hiroshi Yamazaki
Cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis, Old World Monkeys) and common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus, New World Monkeys) have been widely, and expectedly, used as non-human primate models in drug development studies. Major drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes information is now available that supports these primate species as animal models, and it is established that multiple forms of cynomolgus monkey and common marmoset P450 enzymes have generally similar substrate recognition functionality to human P450 enzymes...
December 23, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243335/comparative-performance-of-pharmacogenetics-based-warfarin-dosing-algorithms-derived-from-caucasian-asian-and-mixed-races-in-thai-population
#18
Supatat Chumnumwat, Kong Yi, Aroonrut Lucksiri, Wichit Nosoongnoen, Busba Chindavijak, Suvatna Chulavatnatol, Ajjima Sarapakdi, Surakit Nathisuwan
AIM: This study was conducted to compare predictive accuracy of the available pharmacogenetics (PGx)-guided warfarin dosing algorithms derived from Caucasian, Asian, and mixed population to identify a suitable algorithm for Thai population. METHODS: Ten warfarin dosing algorithms derived from different population including Caucasian, East Asian, South-East Asian, and mixed races were selected and tested with clinical and genetic data of Thai patients. Comparative performances of these algorithms were tested using mean dose error (MDE) between actual warfarin maintenance dose (AWMD) and predicted dose generated by each dosing algorithm, and percentage of ideal dose prediction (IDP)...
April 2018: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237680/personalized-anticoagulation-optimizing-warfarin-management-using-genetics-and-simulated-clinical-trials
#19
Kourosh Ravvaz, John A Weissert, Christian T Ruff, Chih-Lin Chi, Peter J Tonellato
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials testing pharmacogenomic-guided warfarin dosing for patients with atrial fibrillation have demonstrated conflicting results. Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants are expensive and contraindicated for several conditions. A strategy optimizing anticoagulant selection remains an unmet clinical need. METHODS AND RESULTS: Characteristics from 14 206 patients with atrial fibrillation were integrated into a validated warfarin clinical trial simulation framework using iterative Bayesian network modeling and a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234073/identification-of-two-novel-genes-slc15a2-and-slco1b3-associated-with-maintenance-dose-variability-of-warfarin-in-a-chinese-population
#20
Liang-Liang Cai, Wen-Qing Huang, Zhi-Ying Su, Hui-Ming Ye, Lian-Sheng Wang, Yuan Wu, Zhong-Ying Zhang, Wei Zhang, Chi-Meng Tzeng
Warfarin is a commonly prescribed and effective oral anticoagulant. Genetic polymorphisms associated with warfarin metabolism and sensitivity have been implicated in the wide inter-individual dose variation that is observed. Several algorithms integrating patients' clinical characteristics and genetic polymorphism information have been explored to predict warfarin dose. However, most of these algorithms could explain only over half of the variation in a warfarin maintenance dose, suggesting that additional genetic factors may exist and need to be identified...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
70936
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"