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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761112/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-mimicking-stent-thrombosis-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#1
Furqan Khattak, Muhammad Khalid, Ghulam Murtaza, Timir K Paul
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as "broken heart syndrome," is a transient left ventricular dysfunction associated with stress (usually emotional) induced myocardial injury and stunning. It often presents as myocardial infarction on surface electrocardiogram (EKG). Diagnosis is made by coronary angiography, which rules out coronary artery disease and shows pathognomonic apical ballooning. In this article, we present a case of a 72-year-old woman who initially presented with an ST segment elevation myocardial infarction on EKG...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753341/human-parasitology-and-parasitic-diseases-heading-towards-2050
#2
Peter J Hotez
By 2050 our civilized planet may be comprised predominantly of networked megacities embedded in warm subtropical and tropical climates, and under stress from climate change and catastrophic weather events. Urban slum areas in these cities, including those found in wealthier middle- and high-income nations (blue marble health), will be especially vulnerable to disease. Moreover, regional conflicts fought over shifting and limited resources, including water, will collapse health systems infrastructures to further promote disease emergence and reemergence...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732326/information-management-and-ante-mortem-inspection-procedures-for-the-emerging-diseases-control-experiences-acquired-in-the-epidemiological-surveillance-of-bluetongue-and-lumpy-skin-disease
#3
Alessandra Corradini, Marcello Trevisani, Geremia Dosa, Anna Padovani
The spread of exotic, emerging and reemerging diseases, has become, in the last years, one of the most important threats to the animal productions and public health, representing a new challenge for the European Community. In a global-market framework, where trade and contacts between countries are simplified, effective and well-developed surveillance systems are necessary. Multiple factors are, in fact, associated with the emergence of new, known or exotic diseases in this new economic panorama and for these reasons controls on animal imports, traceability and timeliness detection of infected animals should be considered the basis of a sound surveillance...
March 31, 2018: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657002/clinical-management-of-canine-leishmaniosis-versus-human-leishmaniasis-due-to-leishmania-infantum-putting-one-health-principles-into-practice
#4
Guadalupe Miró, Rogelio López-Vélez
The initiative One World, "One Health" tries to rapidly detect emerging or reemerging human and animal infectious diseases and prevent epidemiological situations such as deforestation, some agricultural practices or the appearance of new foci of leishmaniosis due to Leishmania infantum with alternative reservoirs. With this objective in mind, we here consider leishmaniosis in the Mediterranean basin and compare its current clinical management from two perspectives: that of a veterinarian specialized in infectious and parasitic diseases, and that of a physician specialized in infectious tropical diseases...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607358/rainfall-and-chikungunya-incidences-in-india-during-2010-2014
#5
Pratip Shil, Dilip R Kothawale, Anakkathil B Sudeep
Changing climate scenario has resulted in recent emergence and re-emergence of various arboviral diseases including Chikungunya. This disease is caused by Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), which belongs to Togaviridae family of viruses and spread by Aedes mosquitoes. A resurgence of CHIKV and its rapid global spread has been observed since 2004. The disease reemerged in India in 2005, after a gap of 32 years, causing massive outbreaks in some states and circulating thereafter. In the present paper we analyze CHIKV incidence data from India (2010-2014) with a view to understand association with environmental parameters, if any...
March 2018: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556492/vaccines-meet-big-data-state-of-the-art-and-future-prospects-from-the-classical-3is-isolate-inactivate-inject-vaccinology-1-0-to-vaccinology-3-0-vaccinomics-and-beyond-a-historical-overview
#6
REVIEW
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Vincenza Gianfredi, Milena Villarini, Roberto Rosselli, Ahmed Nasr, Amr Hussein, Mariano Martini, Masoud Behzadifar
Vaccines are public health interventions aimed at preventing infections-related mortality, morbidity, and disability. While vaccines have been successfully designed for those infectious diseases preventable by preexisting neutralizing specific antibodies, for other communicable diseases, additional immunological mechanisms should be elicited to achieve a full protection. "New vaccines" are particularly urgent in the nowadays society, in which economic growth, globalization, and immigration are leading to the emergence/reemergence of old and new infectious agents at the animal-human interface...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458398/phlebotomine-sand-flies-diptera-psychodidae-in-the-greek-aegean-islands-ecological-approaches
#7
Nikolaos Tsirigotakis, Christoforos Pavlou, Vasiliki Christodoulou, Emmanouil Dokianakis, Christos Kourouniotis, Bulent Alten, Maria Antoniou
BACKGROUND: Blood-sucking phlebotomine sand flies are the vectors of the protozoan parasites Leishmania spp. Different Phlebotomus species transmit different Leishmania species causing leishmaniases which are neglected diseases emerging/reemerging in new regions. Thirteen sand fly species, ten belonging to the medically important genus Phlebotomus and three belonging to Sergentomyia are known in Greece. An increasing number of human and dog cases are reported each year from all parts of the country including the Aegean Islands...
February 20, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382130/challenges-and-achievements-in-prevention-and-treatment-of-smallpox
#8
REVIEW
Sharon Melamed, Tomer Israely, Nir Paran
Declaration of smallpox eradication by the WHO in 1980 led to discontinuation of the worldwide vaccination campaign. The increasing percentage of unvaccinated individuals, the existence of its causative infectious agent variola virus (VARV), and the recent synthetic achievements increase the threat of intentional or accidental release and reemergence of smallpox. Control of smallpox would require an emergency vaccination campaign, as no other protective measure has been approved to achieve eradication and ensure worldwide protection...
January 29, 2018: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288089/exploring-the-molecular-complexity-of-triatoma-dimidiata-sialome
#9
Paula Beatriz Santiago, Carla Nunes de Araújo, Sébastien Charneau, Izabela Marques Dourado Bastos, Teresa Cristina F Assumpção, Rayner Myr Lauterjung Queiroz, Yanna Reis Praça, Thuany de Moura Cordeiro, Carlos Henrique Saraiva Garcia, Ionizete Garcia da Silva, Tainá Raiol, Flávia Nader Motta, João Victor de Araújo Oliveira, Marcelo Valle de Sousa, José Marcos C Ribeiro, Jaime Martins de Santana
Triatoma dimidiata, a Chagas disease vector widely distributed along Central America, has great capability for domestic adaptation as the majority of specimens caught inside human dwellings or in peridomestic areas fed human blood. Exploring the salivary compounds that overcome host haemostatic and immune responses is of great scientific interest. Here, we provide a deeper insight into its salivary gland molecules. We used high-throughput RNA sequencing to examine in depth the T. dimidiata salivary gland transcriptome...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259764/utility-of-massive-open-online-courses-moocs-concerning-outbreaks-of-emerging-and-reemerging-diseases
#10
Guido Bendezu-Quispe, Junior Smith Torres-Roman, Brenda Salinas-Ochoa, Akram Hernández-Vásquez
The emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases such as Ebola, chikungunya, and Zika increase the necessity of knowledgeable and skilled health professionals. Massive open online courses (MOOCs) arise as opportunities that allow people around the world to participate in higher education courses. A search was conducted on specialized MOOC platforms to find courses related to outbreaks, using terms included in the list of the WHO disease outbreaks from January 1st to December 31st , 2016. We found seven courses about Ebola, two about Zika, three about the dynamics of epidemics and pandemics, and only one course about dengue, chikungunya, and malaria...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225752/emerging-and-re-emerging-infectious-diseases-in-iran
#11
REVIEW
Najmeh Parhizgari, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Ehsan Mostafavi
Despite development of preventive and controlling strategies regarding infectious diseases, they are still considered as one of the most significant leading causes of morbidity and mortality, worldwide. Changes in humans' demographics and behaviors, microbial and ecological alterations, agricultural development, international travels and susceptibility to infectious diseases have resulted in increased reports of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) and reemerging infectious diseases (RIDs) in various geographical areas...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218769/current-status-on-the-development-of-pseudoviruses-for-enveloped-viruses
#12
REVIEW
Qianqian Li, Qiang Liu, Weijin Huang, Xuguang Li, Youchun Wang
Emerging and reemerging infectious diseases have a strong negative impact on public health. However, because many of these pathogens must be handled in biosafety level, 3 or 4 containment laboratories, research and development of antivirals or vaccines against these diseases are often impeded. Alternative approaches to address this issue have been vigorously pursued, particularly the use of pseudoviruses in place of wild-type viruses. As pseudoviruses have been deprived of certain gene sequences of the virulent virus, they can be handled in biosafety level 2 laboratories...
January 2018: Reviews in Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183642/tick-borne-diseases-and-autoimmunity-a-comprehensive-review
#13
REVIEW
Yhojan Rodríguez, Manuel Rojas, M Eric Gershwin, Juan-Manuel Anaya
Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) are emerging and reemerging diseases transmitted by ticks, which portray wide heterogeneity and global distribution. TBDs may present acute clinical pictures that resemble those of autoimmune diseases (i.e., musculoskeletal symptoms, cutaneous involvement, neurologic impairment, renal failure, etc.), and in some cases infection is considered a triggering factor for autoimmunity (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune thyroid disease, vasculitides). The clinician should consider TBDs among the differential diagnoses when approaching autoimmune-like signs in areas of tick infestation...
March 2018: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173592/west-nile-virus-in-horses-during-the-summer-and-autumn-seasons-of-2015-and-2016-portugal
#14
Sílvia C Barros, Fernanda Ramos, Teresa Fagulha, Margarida Duarte, Ana Margarida Henriques, Helga Waap, Tiago Luís, Teresa Costa, Rita Amador, Sofia Quintans, Miguel Fevereiro
West Nile fever (WNF) is an emergent disease in Europe, under surveillance in the European Union. Following a 5-year period of apparent silence (autumn 2010 to summer 2015), West Nile virus (WNV) reemerged in the South of Portugal, in July 2015. Here we present data from the onset, geographic location within mainland Portugal, and outcome of clinical cases of WNV infection in horses in 2015 and 2016. During the transmission seasons of 2015 and 2016, twenty-seven horses, most symptomatic (n=20) were found positive to IgM, pr-E immunoglobulins and VNT, leading to the subsequent report to Animal Disease Notification System of the European Commission (ADNS) by the Portuguese National Authority for Animal Health...
December 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155662/global-disease-detection-achievements-in-applied-public-health-research-capacity-building-and-public-health-diplomacy-2001-2016
#15
Carol Y Rao, Grace W Goryoka, Olga L Henao, Kevin R Clarke, Stephanie J Salyer, Joel M Montgomery
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has established 10 Global Disease Detection (GDD) Program regional centers around the world that serve as centers of excellence for public health research on emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. The core activities of the GDD Program focus on applied public health research, surveillance, laboratory, public health informatics, and technical capacity building. During 2015-2016, program staff conducted 205 discrete projects on a range of topics, including acute respiratory illnesses, health systems strengthening, infectious diseases at the human-animal interface, and emerging infectious diseases...
November 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136650/emerging-and-reemerging-arboviruses-a-new-threat-in-eastern-peru
#16
Carlos Alva-Urcia, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Carlos Palomares-Reyes, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Luis Suarez-Ognio, Pablo Weilg, Carlos Manrique, Fernando Vasquez-Achaya, Luis J Del Valle, Juana Del Valle-Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Arboviral diseases are one of the most common causes of acute febrile illness (AFI) and a significant health problem in South America. In Peru, laboratory etiologic identification of these infections occurs in less than 50% of cases, leading to underdiagnoses of important emerging arboviruses. AIM: To assess the prevalence of the Dengue (DENV), Oropouche (OROV), Chikungunya (CHIKV), Mayaro (MAYV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses in patients with acute febrile illness from Puerto Maldonado (Peru)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102051/improving-knowledge-and-compliance-with-infection-control-standard-precautions-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-in-jordan
#17
Zeinab M Hassan
INTRODUCTION: The recent emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases have made the knowledge and practice of standard infection control precautions in developing countries more important than ever. However, schools of nursing in Jordan do not have a prescribed curriculum in Standard Precautions. PURPOSE: To test the effectiveness of using of an online education module and a learning contract on knowledge and compliance with infection control Standard Precautions among undergraduate nursing students in Jordan...
March 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098145/emerging-and-reemerging-diseases-in-the-world-health-organization-who-eastern-mediterranean-region-progress-challenges-and-who-initiatives
#18
REVIEW
Evans Buliva, Mohamed Elhakim, Nhu Nguyen Tran Minh, Amgad Elkholy, Peter Mala, Abdinasir Abubakar, Sk Md Mamunur Rahman Malik
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) of the World Health Organization (WHO) continues to be a hotspot for emerging and reemerging infectious diseases and the need to prevent, detect, and respond to any infectious diseases that pose a threat to global health security remains a priority. Many risk factors contribute in the emergence and rapid spread of epidemic diseases in the Region including acute and protracted humanitarian emergencies, resulting in fragile health systems, increased population mobility, rapid urbanization, climate change, weak surveillance and limited laboratory diagnostic capacity, and increased human-animal interaction...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074070/comparison-of-intubation-devices-in-level-c-personal-protective-equipment-a-cadaveric-study
#19
R Scott Taylor, Matthew Pitzer, Grayson Goldman, Augusta Czysz, Thomas Simunich, John Ashurst
BACKGROUND: With the advancement of chemical, biological and nuclear warfare and the reemergence of infectious diseases, the possibility of intubating in personal protective equipment has become increasingly more real to the emergency physician. Human cadaveric models have been found to simulate real world conditions better than mannequins. The aim of the study was to determine the first pass success rate and average time to successful intubation while wearing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)...
October 18, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029730/assessing-the-diversity-of-rodent-borne-viruses-exploring-of-high-throughput-sequencing-and-classical-amplification-sequencing-approaches
#20
Stephan Drewes, Petra Straková, Jan F Drexler, Jens Jacob, Rainer G Ulrich
Rodents are distributed throughout the world and interact with humans in many ways. They provide vital ecosystem services, some species are useful models in biomedical research and some are held as pet animals. However, many rodent species can have adverse effects such as damage to crops and stored produce, and they are of health concern because of the transmission of pathogens to humans and livestock. The first rodent viruses were discovered by isolation approaches and resulted in break-through knowledge in immunology, molecular and cell biology, and cancer research...
2017: Advances in Virus Research
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