keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Occipital nerve

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161336/efficacy-of-electrical-stimulation-of-the-occipital-nerve-in-intractable-primary-headache-disorders-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#1
Robert T Cadalso, John Daugherty, Caron Holmes, Saravanan Ram, Reyes Enciso
AIMS: To determine the efficacy of occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) in reducing the intensity, duration, and frequency of medically intractable primary headaches. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out by searching three electronic databases: the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE via PubMed, and Web of Science. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and case series were eligible for inclusion. RCTs were assessed for quality of evidence by using the Cochrane Risk of Bias and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) tools...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149156/survival-analysis-of-occipital-nerve-stimulator-leads-placed-under-fluoroscopic-guidance-with-and-without-ultrasonography
#2
James H Jones, Alison Brown, Daniel Moyse, Wenjing Qi, Lance Roy
BACKGROUND: Electrical stimulation of the greater occipital nerves is performed to treat pain secondary to chronic daily headaches and occipital neuralgia. The use of fluoroscopy alone to guide the surgical placement of electrodes near the greater occipital nerves disregards the impact of tissue planes on lead stability and stimulation efficacy. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that occipital neurostimulator (ONS) leads placed with ultrasonography combined with fluoroscopy would demonstrate increased survival rates and times when compared to ONS leads placed with fluoroscopy alone...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143861/migraine-with-prolonged-aura-phenotype-and-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Michele Viana, Shazia Afridi
We review the published literature on migraine with prolonged aura (PA), specifically with regards to the phenotype and treatment options. PA is not uncommon. A recent study found that about 17% of migraine auras are prolonged and that 26% of patients with migraine with aura have experienced at least one PA. The characteristics of PA are similar to most typical auras with the exception of a higher number of aura symptoms (in particular sensory and/or dysphasic). There are no well-established treatments at present which target the aura component of migraine...
November 16, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134424/anatomical-basis-for-simultaneous-block-of-greater-and-third-occipital-nerves-with-an-ultrasound-guided-technique
#4
Ken Kariya, Yosuke Usui, Naoko Higashi, Tatsuo Nakamoto, Hironobu Shimbori, Satoshi Terada, Hideo Takahashi, Hisashi Ueta, Yusuke Kitazawa, Yasushi Sawanobori, Yasuhisa Okuda, Kenjiro Matsuno
PURPOSE: In some headache disorders, for which the greater occipital nerve block is partly effective, the third occipital nerve is also suggested to be involved. We aimed to establish a simple technique for simultaneously blocking the greater and third occipital nerves. METHODS: We performed a detailed examination of dorsal neck anatomy in 33 formalin-fixed cadavers, and deduced two candidate target points for blocking both the greater and third occipital nerves...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125019/the-loss-of-macular-ganglion-cells-begins-from-the-early-stages-of-disease-and-correlates-with-brain-atrophy-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#5
Anna M Pietroboni, Laura Dell'Arti, Michela Caprioli, Marta Scarioni, Tiziana Carandini, Andrea Arighi, Laura Ghezzi, Giorgio G Fumagalli, Milena A De Riz, Paola Basilico, Annalisa Colombi, Eleonora Benatti, Fabio Triulzi, Elio Scarpini, Francesco Viola, Daniela Galimberti
BACKGROUND: The importance of neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis (MS) is increasingly well recognized. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate retinal pathology using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to investigate possible associations between retinal layers' thickness and specific patterns of gray matter volume in patients with a new diagnosis of MS. METHODS: A total of 31 patients underwent OCT scans and brain magnetic resonance imaging. In total, 30 controls underwent the same OCT procedure...
November 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124999/cervical-myelitis-presenting-as-occipital-neuralgia
#6
Sang-Mi Noh, Hyun Goo Kang
Occipital neuralgia is a common form of headache that is characterized by paroxysmal severe lancinating pain in the occipital nerve distribution. The exact pathophysiology is still not fully understood and occipital neuralgia often develops spontaneously. There are no specific guidelines for evaluation of patients with occipital neuralgia. Cervical spine, spinal cord, and posterior neck muscle lesions can induce occipital neuralgia. Brain and spine imaging may be necessary in some cases, according to the nature of the headache or response to treatment...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124759/editorial-nutraceuticals-and-occipital-nerve-blocks
#7
Stewart J Tepper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124490/nerve-blocks-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-headache-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Alexander Sasha Dubrovsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Peripheral nerve blocks of the scalp, mainly greater occipital nerve blocks, have received a renewed interest amongst pediatric providers as they offer an alternate option to provide both acute and chronic relief from the suffering of children with difficult to treat headaches. This narrative review will provide an in-depth discussion of the published pediatric-specific studies exploring the utility of nerve blocks for pediatric headache disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: A total of seven pediatric publications have been reported to date and reveal excellent therapeutic effectiveness of bilateral greater occipital nerve blocks on primary chronic headaches and post-traumatic headaches...
November 9, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116423/postoperative-occipital-neuralgia-in-posterior-upper-cervical-spine-surgery-a-systematic-review
#9
Qing Guan, Fei Xing, Ye Long, Zhou Xiang
Postoperative occipital neuralgia (PON) after upper cervical spine surgery can cause significant morbidity and may be overlooked. The causes, presentation, diagnosis, management, prognosis, and prevention of PON were reviewed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. English-language studies and case reports published from inception to 2017 were retrieved. Data on surgical procedures, incidence, cause of PON, management, outcomes, and preventive technique were extracted...
November 7, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110218/cervical-sagittal-balance-a-biomechanical-perspective-can-help-clinical-practice
#10
REVIEW
Avinash G Patwardhan, Saeed Khayatzadeh, Robert M Havey, Leonard I Voronov, Zachary A Smith, Olivia Kalmanson, Alexander J Ghanayem, William Sears
PURPOSE: In this article, we summarize our work on understanding the influence of cervical sagittal malalignment on the mechanics of the cervical spine. METHODS: Biomechanical studies were performed using an ex vivo laboratory model to study the kinematic and kinetic response of human cervical spine specimens in the setting of cervical sagittal imbalance. The model allowed controlled variations of C2-C7 Sagittal Vertical Alignment (C2-C7 SVA) and T1-Slope so that clinically relevant sagittally malaligned profiles could be prescribed, while maintaining horizontal gaze, and their biomechanical consequences studied...
November 6, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070750/a-case-of-recurrent-myelitis-associated-with-anti-myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein-antibody-that-developed-only-as-localized-short-spinal-cord-lesions
#11
Arifumi Matsumoto, Kimihiko Kaneko, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Ichiro Nakashima, Kinya Hisanaga, Isao Nagano
A 65-year-old man initially developed numbness and hypesthesia in the right shoulder and brachial regions that disappeared within several months. MRI revealed a small lesion extending to a vertebral segment in the right dorsal region of the cervical spinal cord at the vertebral height of C2/3. About 15 months later, the intermittent lancinating pain identical to the right trigeminal and occipital neuralgia with pain and hypesthesia distributed in the right C2-C4 dermatome regions appeared. MRI revealed a new oval lesion with gadolinium enhancement in the right dorsal region of the cervical spinal cord at the vertebral height of C1, which was thought to involve the posterior column and lower part of the spinal tract nucleus of the trigeminal nerve...
October 26, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056023/-effects-of-improved-v-y-advancement-flap-with-major-artery-perforator-on-repairing-skin-and-soft-tissue-defects
#12
S T Zhou, M T Huang, J Z Zeng, P F Liang, M H Zhang
Objective: To explore the effect of improved V-Y advancement flap with major artery perforator on repairing several skin and soft tissue defects in whole body. Methods: From March 2015 to June 2017, 4 cases with pressure ulcer in sacrococcygeal region, 4 cases with pressure ulcer at ischial tuberosity, 2 cases with scalp and skull defects at occiput, 1 case with secondary wound after tumor resection in axillary region, and 2 cases with skin and soft tissue defects caused by other trauma were hospitalized, with disease duration ranging from 1 week to 6 months...
October 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053507/ultrasound-guided-greater-occipital-nerve-block-at-the-c2-level-a-novel-technique
#13
Adrian Kastler, Bruno Kastler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030695/erratum-to-greater-occipital-nerve-infiltration-under-mr-guidance-feasibility-study-and-preliminary-results
#14
Adrian Kastler, Romain Perolat, Bruno Kastler, Caroline Maindet-Dominici, Jan Fritz, Alim Louis Benabid, Stephan Chabardes, Alexandre Krainik
The original version of this article, published on 12 July 2017, unfortunately contained mistakes. The following corrections have therefore been made in the original.
October 13, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030173/a-novel-miniature-wireless-neurostimulator-in-the-management-of-chronic-craniofacial-pain-preliminary-results-from-a-prospective-pilot-study
#15
Richard L Weiner, Carlos Montes Garcia, Niek Vanquathem
OBJECTIVE: To report a novel wireless neuromodulation system for treatment of refractory craniofacial pain. BACKGROUND: Previous studies utilizing peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) of the occipital and trigeminal nerves reported positive outcomes for alleviating neuropathic pain localized to the craniofacial and occipital areas. However several technological limitations and cosmetic concerns inhibited a more widespread acceptance and use of neuromodulation. Also, a relatively high incidence of adverse events like electrode erosions, dislocation, wire fracture and/or infection at the surgical site mandates a change in our approach to neuromodulation technology and implant techniques in the craniofacial region...
October 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983379/hypoglossal-nerve-mononeuropathy-as-the-first-presenting-symptom-of-progressing-multiple-myeloma
#16
Neil B Newman, Vidya Puthenpura, Stephanie Mischell, Gabriela Ferreira
Multiple myeloma (MM) rarely presents with a primary neurological dysfunction, and if it does it is usually due to a plasmacytoma. This is the first case to discuss hypoglossal nerve dysfunction as the first sign of MM progression secondary to severe pathophysiologic bone lysis. A PubMed-based literature search was completed on April 17, 2016 for the terms "multiple myeloma" and "hypoglossal nerve neuropathy". A 73-year-old woman with known MM who received little treatment for several years, presented secondary to dysarthria and at first was thought to have hyperviscosity syndrome...
February 2017: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980700/occipital-nerve-stimulation-for-medically-refractory-chronic-paroxysmal-hemicrania
#17
Sarah Miller, Susie Lagrata, Laurence Watkins, Manjit Matharu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of a patient with refractory chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (CPH) to occipital nerve stimulation (ONS). BACKGROUND: CPH is a primary headache disorder exquisitely sensitive to indomethacin. In patients unable to tolerate indomethacin, the therapeutic options are limited. ONS is a promising therapy for other refractory headache conditions. We report the first patient with medically refractory CPH treated with ONS. METHODS: Following implantation of the occipital nerve stimulator in 2006, the patient kept prospective headache diaries...
October 5, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975844/microvascular-decompression-or-neuromodulation-in-patients-with-sunct-and-trigeminal-neurovascular-conflict
#18
Samih Hassan, Susie Lagrata, Andrew Levy, Manjit Matharu, Ludvic Zrinzo
Objectives To assess the effectiveness of neuromodulation and trigeminal microvascular decompression (MVD) in patients with medically-intractable short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT). Methods Two patients with medically refractory SUNCT underwent MVD following beneficial but incomplete response to neuromodulation (occipital nerve stimulation and deep brain stimulation). MRI confirmed neurovascular conflict with the ipsilateral trigeminal nerve in both patients...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964923/greater-occipital-nerve-mr-tractography-feasibility-and-anatomical-considerations
#19
Adrian Kastler, Arnaud Attye, Olivier Heck, Florence Tahon, Kamel Boubagra, Irène Tropes, Sylvie Grand, Alexandre Krainik
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of greater occipital nerve (GON) tractography using a fully automated tractography technique on the whole-neck volume, in comparison with anatomical knowledge. METHODS: Healthy subjects were consecutively included in this study if they had no history or symptoms of headache or brain disorder. A 3T MRI scanner with a 32 channel head coil was used. The following parameters for Diffusion Weighed (DWI) were used: b value of 1000 s/mm(2), 32 directions, acquired voxel size: 2 mm isotropic...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931106/a-case-of-prethoracic-pain-radiating-upward-and-initiating-nervus-intermedius-neuralgia-and-migraine-headache-could-epicrania-fugax-pain-start-in-the-upper-body
#20
Yu Wang, Pei-Lin Kan, Yuan-Feng Tao, Xiao-Yan Li, Xiao-Juan Yang, Gui-Ling Liang
Epicrania fugax (EF) was recently classified as a primary headache in the Appendix of the International Classification of Headache Disorders, third edition (ICHD-III). It is characterized by a paroxysmal pain rapidly radiating forward or backward along a linear or zigzag trajectory on the surface of the head. This article reports a 76-year-old woman who newly developed a paroxysmal EF-type pain distributed not only in the territories of the trigeminal and occipital nerves, but also in the territories of the cervical and thoracic nerves...
2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
keyword
keyword
7091
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"