keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Occipital nerve

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782047/greater-occipital-nerve-injection-versus-oral-steroids-for-short-term-prophylaxis-of-cluster-headache-a-retrospective-comparative-study
#1
Jerry Wei, Matthew S Robbins
OBJECTIVE: To investigate our experience with oral steroid and greater occipital nerve (GON) injection with steroid as transitional treatments for cluster headache. BACKGROUND: Cluster headache is a primary headache disorder characterized by multiple episodes of intense unilateral pain with autonomic features. During cluster headache attacks, transitional therapies are useful while prophylactic dosages are initiated or increased. There are limited data comparing the efficacy of oral versus injected transitional treatments...
May 21, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775148/the-pterygoclival-ligament-a-novel-landmark-for-localization-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-during-the-endoscopic-endonasal-approach
#2
Ali Tayebi Meybodi, Andrew S Little, Vera Vigo, Arnau Benet, Sofia Kakaizada, Michael T Lawton
OBJECTIVE The transpterygoid extension of the endoscopic endonasal approach provides exposure of the petrous apex, Meckel's cave, paraclival area, and the infratemporal fossa. Safe and efficient localization of the lacerum segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a crucial part of such exposure. The aim of this study is to introduce a novel landmark for localization of the lacerum ICA. METHODS Ten cadaveric heads were prepared for transnasal endoscopic dissection. The floor of the sphenoid sinus was drilled to expose an extension of the pharyngobasilar fascia between the sphenoid floor and the pterygoid process (the pterygoclival ligament)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762446/prospective-analysis-of-the-greater-occipital-nerve-location-in-patients-undergoing-occipital-nerve-decompression
#3
Jacqueline S Israel, Steve J Kempton, Ahmed M Afifi
BACKGROUND: Migraine surgery and onabotulinumtoxinA injections aim to deactivate neurovascular trigger points implicated in chronic headaches. The greater occipital nerve (GON) is a common trigger point. The depth of this nerve has not been previously described. The purpose of this study was to report the intraoperative location, including depth, of the GON in human subjects undergoing migraine surgery. METHODS: We reviewed records of patients who underwent GON decompression by a single surgeon...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762321/greater-occipital-nerve-decompression-for-occipital-neuralgia
#4
Anson Jose, Shakil Ahmed Nagori, Probodh K Chattopadhyay, Ajoy Roychoudhury
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of greater occipital nerve decompression for the management of occipital neuralgia. Eleven patients of medical refractory occipital neuralgia were enrolled in the study. Local anaesthetic blocks were used for confirming diagnosis. All of them underwent surgical decompression of greater occipital nerve at the level of semispinalis capitis and trapezial tunnel. A pre and postoperative questionnaire was used to compare the severity of pain and number of pain episodes/month...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752841/anatomical-consideration-of-the-occipital-cutaneous-nerves-and-artery-for-the-safe-treatment-of-occipital-neuralgia
#5
Kang-Jae Shin, Hong-San Kim, Jehoon O, Hyun-Jin Kwon, Hun-Mu Yang
INTRODUCTION: There is no standardized approach to the greater occipital nerve (GON) block technique for treating occipital neuralgia. The aim of the present study was to validate the previously-suggested guidelines for conventional injection techniques and to provide navigational guidelines for safe GON block. METHODS & MATERIALS: The GON, lesser occipital nerve (LON) and occipital artery (OA) were carefully dissected in the occipital region of embalmed cadavers...
May 12, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751190/preoperative-embolization-of-skull-base-meningiomas-outcomes-in-the-onyx-era
#6
Colin J Przybylowski, Jacob F Baranoski, Alfred P See, Bruno C Flores, Rami O Almefty, Dale Ding, Kristina M Chapple, Nader Sanai, Andrew F Ducruet, Felipe C Albuquerque
OBJECTIVE: Preoperative embolization may facilitate skull base meningioma resection, but its safety and efficacy in the Onyx era have not been investigated. In this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated the outcomes of preoperative embolization of skull base meningiomas using Onyx as the primary embolysate. METHODS: We queried an endovascular database for patients with skull base meningiomas who underwent preoperative embolization at our institution in 2007-2017...
May 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744871/the-effectiveness-of-greater-occipital-nerve-blockade-in-treating-acute-migraine-related-headaches-in-emergency-departments
#7
O Korucu, S Dagar, Ş K Çorbacioglu, E Emektar, Y Cevik
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a greater occipital nerve (GON) blockade against a placebo and classical treatments (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs + metoclopramide) among patients who were admitted to the emergency department (ED) with acute migraine headaches. METHOD: This prospective-randomized controlled study was conducted on patients with acute migraine headaches. The patients were randomly assigned to 3 treatment groups: the GON blockade group (nerve blockade with bupivacaine), the placebo group (injection of normal saline into the GON area), and the intravenous (IV) treatment group (IV dexketoprofen and metoclopramide)...
May 10, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726736/dural-arteriovenous-fistula-of-the-lateral-foramen-magnum-region-a-review
#8
Chao Li, Jing Yu, Kailing Li, Kun Hou, Jinlu Yu
The lateral foramen magnum region is defined as the bilateral occipital area that runs laterally up to the jugular foramen. The critical vasculatures of this region are not completely understood. Dural arteriovenous fistulas that occur in this region are rare and difficult to treat. Therefore, we searched PubMed to identify all relevant previously published English language articles about lateral foramen magnum dural arteriovenous fistulas, and we performed a review of this literature to increase understanding about these fistulas...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720816/short-lasting-unilateral-neuralgiform-headache-attacks
#9
REVIEW
Andrew Levy, Manjit S Matharu
Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks (SUNHA) is characterized by strictly unilateral trigeminal distribution pain that occurs in association with ipsilateral cranial autonomic features. There are two subtypes: short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with cranial autonomic symptoms (SUNA). These disorders are rare but highly disabling. The management of SUNHA can be challenging...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708489/fmri-as-a-preimplant-objective-tool-to-predict-children-s-postimplant-auditory-and-language-outcomes-as-measured-by-parental-observations
#10
Aniruddha K Deshpande, Lirong Tan, Long J Lu, Mekibib Altaye, Scott K Holland
BACKGROUND: The trends in cochlear implantation candidacy and benefit have changed rapidly in the last two decades. It is now widely accepted that early implantation leads to better postimplant outcomes. Although some generalizations can be made about postimplant auditory and language performance, neural mechanisms need to be studied to predict individual prognosis. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to identify preimplant neuroimaging biomarkers that predict children's postimplant auditory and language outcomes as measured by parental observation/reports...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686805/efficacy-of-bilateral-greater-occipital-nerve-block-in-postdural-puncture-headache-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Abhijit S Nair, Praveen Kumar Kodisharapu, Poornachand Anne, Mohammad Salman Saifuddin, Christopher Asiel, Basanth Kumar Rayani
The Epidural blood patch is considered the gold standard for managing postdural puncture headache when supportive measures fail. However, it is a procedure which can lead to another inadvertent dural puncture. Other potential adverse events that could occur during a blood patch are meningitis, neurological deficits, and unconsciousness. The bilateral greater occipital nerve block has been used for treating chronic headaches in patients with PDPH with a single injection. This minimally invasive, simple procedure can be considered for patients early, along with other supportive treatment, and an epidural blood patch can be avoided...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682056/occipital-neuralgia-from-c2-cavernous-malformation
#12
Sang-Woo Ha, Jin-Gyu Choi, Byung-Chul Son
A unique case is presented of chronic occipital neuralgia (ON) caused by cavernous malformation (CM) in the intramedullary C2 spinal cord and subsequent pain relief and remodeling of allodynic pain following dorsal root rhizotomy. A 53-year-old male presented with a 30-year history of chronic allodynic, paroxysmal lancinating pain in the greater and lesser occipital nerves. Typically, the pain was aggravated with neck extension and head movement. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a CM in the right posterolateral side of the intramedullary C2 cord...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681639/effectiveness-of-surgical-treatment-in-chronic-migraine
#13
Francisco Javier Amaya-Blas, Gabriel A Mecott, Alejandro Marfil-Rivera, María de Lourdes Tamayo-Esquivel, Mauricio Manuel García-Pérez, Hernán Chacón-Moreno, Sergio Pérez-Porras, Rosa Coutiño, Yanko Castro-Góvea
Objective: Migraine affects more than 35 million people in the United States of America, and 10% of the population in the world. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of surgical treatment in chronic migraine with frontal or occipital trigger areas. Methods: We designed a pilot, proof of concept, and prospective study to analyze the effectiveness of surgical release of trigger nerves in severe frontal or occipital chronic migraines. The study was approved by the Ethics and Investigation Committee of Hospital Universitario Dr...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678293/use-of-occipital-nerve-block-in-emergency-department-treatment-of-status-migrainosus-a-case-report
#14
Justin Yanuck, Ariana Nelson, Maxwell Jen
Migraine headaches make up a significant proportion of emergency department visits. There are multiple pharmacologic treatment modalities for migraine abortive therapy; however, these treatments are rarely targeted to the precise area of pain and thus elicit multiple systemic effects. It has been well established in the anesthesia pain literature that occipital nerve blocks can provide not only immediate pain relief from occipital migraines, but can also result in a long-term resolution of occipital migraines...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674268/frequency-dependent-functional-connectivity-of-the-nucleus-accumbens-during-continuous-transcutaneous-vagus-nerve-stimulation-in-major-depressive-disorder
#15
Zengjian Wang, Jiliang Fang, Jun Liu, Peijing Rong, Kristen Jorgenson, Joel Park, Courtney Lang, Yang Hong, Bing Zhu, Jian Kong
Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) may be a promising treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). In this exploratory study, fMRI scans were acquired during continuous real or sham tVNS from 41 MDD patients. Then, all patients received real or sham tVNS treatment for four weeks. We investigated the functional connectivity (FC) of the nucleus accumbens (NAc) at different frequency bands during real and sham tVNS and explored their associations with depressive symptom changes after one month of treatment...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659197/morphological-features-of-the-branching-pattern-of-the-hypoglossal-nerve
#16
Yujiro Sakamoto
The hypoglossal or twelfth cranial nerve is the motor nerve to the extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the tongue, and the superior root of the ansa cervicalis and the thyrohyoid and geniohyoid branches are delivered through the nerve. This study investigated the muscular branches of the hypoglossal nerve to clarify their spatial relationships with the muscles of the tongue and the neighboring structures. The muscles and the nerve were gross anatomically examined in 42 cadavers. The superior root and the thyrohyoid branch left the nerve near the occipital and lingual arteries, respectively...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629601/occipital-neuralgia-associates-with-high-cervical-spinal-cord-lesions-in-idiopathic-inflammatory-demyelinating-disease
#17
Narayan R Kissoon, James C Watson, Christopher J Boes, Orhun H Kantarci
Background The association of trigeminal neuralgia with pontine lesions has been well documented in multiple sclerosis, and we tested the hypothesis that occipital neuralgia in multiple sclerosis is associated with high cervical spinal cord lesions. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the records of 29 patients diagnosed with both occipital neuralgia and demyelinating disease by a neurologist from January 2001 to December 2014. We collected data on demographics, clinical findings, presence of C2-3 demyelinating lesions, and treatment responses...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618068/occipital-artery-to-posterior-cerebral-artery-bypass-using-descending-branch-of-the-lateral-circumflex-femoral-artery-graft-for-treatment-of-fusiform-unruptured-posterior-cerebral-artery-aneurysm-3-dimensional-operative-video
#18
Kristine Ravina, Ian A Buchanan, Robert C Rennert, Ben A Strickland, Joseph N Carey, Jonathan J Russin
Posterior cerebral artery (PCA) aneurysms can be technically challenging lesions due to the intricacy of perforating branches and the relationship to cranial nerves and the brainstem. Fusiform aneurysms of the perimesencephalic segment of the PCA are a rare finding which does not favor direct clip occlusion or reconstruction. In such cases, proximal parent vessel occlusion is an option for aneurysm treatment. Extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass can be used to revascularize beyond the lesion when considering proximal occlusion...
April 3, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602005/transventricular-transvelar-approach-to-the-trochlear-nerve-schwannoma-a-novel-technique-to-the-lesions-of-the-inferior-pineal-region
#19
Majid Reza Farrokhi, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand, Mousa Taghipour, Nima Derakhshan
OBJECTIVES: The schwannoma of the trochlear nerve is rare and originates mostly from the distal parts in interpeduncular cistern. Lesion of the proximal segment in the inferior pineal region is extremely rare. Because of the rarity of the disease, the surgical approach to this region for the resection of trochlear nerve schwannoma has not been well documented in the literature. We herein describe an innovative and novel approach for the successful resection of the trochlear nerve schwannoma...
March 27, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595737/surgical-approach-to-injuries-of-the-cervical-plexus-and-its-peripheral-nerve-branches
#20
David L Brown, A Lee Dellon
BACKGROUND: Located in the neck beneath the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the cervical plexus comprises a coalition of nerves originating from C1 through C4, which provide input to four cutaneous, seven motor, and three cranial nerves and the sympathetic trunk. Sporadic instances of injury to these superficial nerves have been reported. Nevertheless, this specific anatomical cause of neurogenic pain remains incompletely described and underrecognized. METHODS: Twelve patients presented with pain and were diagnosed with various combinations of injury to the lesser occipital, great auricular, transverse cervical, and supraclavicular nerves...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
keyword
keyword
7091
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"