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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450462/epidemiology-of-adult-dsm-5-major-depressive-disorder-and-its-specifiers-in-the-united-states
#1
Deborah S Hasin, Aaron L Sarvet, Jacquelyn L Meyers, Tulshi D Saha, W June Ruan, Malka Stohl, Bridget F Grant
Importance: No US national data are available on the prevalence and correlates of DSM-5-defined major depressive disorder (MDD) or on MDD specifiers as defined in DSM-5. Objective: To present current nationally representative findings on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity, functioning, and treatment of DSM-5 MDD and initial information on the prevalence, severity, and treatment of DSM-5 MDD severity, anxious/distressed specifier, and mixed-features specifier, as well as cases that would have been characterized as bereavement in DSM-IV...
February 14, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449879/the-impact-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-on-stigma-among-survivors-of-sexual-violence-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
S M Murray, J Augustinavicius, D Kaysen, D Rao, L K Murray, K Wachter, J Annan, K Falb, P Bolton, J K Bass
Background: Sexual violence is associated with a multitude of poor physical, emotional, and social outcomes. Despite reports of stigma by sexual violence survivors, limited evidence exists on effective strategies to reduce stigma, particularly in conflict-affected settings. We sought to assess the effect of group Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) on stigma and the extent to which stigma might moderate the effectiveness of CPT in treating mental health problems among survivors of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448518/effect-of-aspect-ratio-on-electrical-rheological-and-glass-transition-properties-of-pc-mwcnt-nanocomposites
#3
Heidy Cruz, Younggon Son
Since the discovery of carbon nanotubes (CNT), significant research works have focused on the application of CNT as conductive filler to polymer nanocomposites which can be used in several fields such as electrostatic dissipation (ESD), electrostatic painting and electromagnetic interference shielding (EMI-shielding). However, the main challenge in the large-scale manufacturing of this technology is the poor electrical conductivity of polymer nanocomposites produced by injection molding process. This study aims to investigate the effect of CNT aspect ratio in improving the electrical conductivity of injection molded nanocomposites...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447133/computerised-training-improves-cognitive-performance-in-chronic-pain-a-participant-blinded-randomised-active-controlled-trial-with-remote-supervision
#4
Katharine S Baker, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Amit Lampit, Michael Valenzuela, Stephen J Gibson, Melita J Giummarra
Chronic pain is associated with reduced efficiency of cognitive performance, and few studies have investigated methods of remediation. We trialled a computerised cognitive training protocol to determine whether it could attenuate cognitive difficulties in a chronic pain sample. Thirty-nine adults with chronic pain (mean age = 43.3, 61.5% females) were randomised to an 8-week online course (3 sessions/week from home) of game-like cognitive training exercises, or an active control involving watching documentary videos...
January 11, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445502/long-term-recovery-following-critical-illness-in-an-australian-cohort
#5
Kimberley J Haines, Sue Berney, Stephen Warrillow, Linda Denehy
Background: Almost all data on 5-year outcomes for critical care survivors come from North America and Europe. The aim of this study was to investigate long-term mortality, physical function, psychological outcomes and health-related quality of life in a mixed intensive care unit cohort in Australia. Methods: This longitudinal study evaluated 4- to 5-year outcomes. Physical function (six-minute walk test) and health-related quality of life (Short Form 36 Version 2) were compared to 1-year outcomes and population norms...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441699/psychosocial-functioning-and-risk-factors-among-siblings-of-children-with-cancer-an-updated-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Kristin Long, Vicky Lehmann, Cynthia Gerhardt, Aubrey Carpenter, Anna Marsland, Melissa Alderfer
OBJECTIVES: Siblings' psychosocial adjustment to childhood cancer is poorly understood. This systematic review summarizes findings and limitations of the sibling literature since 2008, provides clinical recommendations, and offers future research directions. METHOD: MEDLINE/Pubmed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles related to siblings, psychosocial functioning, and pediatric cancer. After systematic screening, studies meeting inclusion criteria were rated for scientific merit, and findings were extracted and synthesized...
February 13, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437756/pre-post-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-the-workingwell-mobile-support-tool-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness-in-the-usa-a-pilot-study-protocol
#7
Joanne Nicholson, Spenser M Wright, Alyssa M Carlisle
INTRODUCTION: Successful competitive employment has been found to be related to enhanced self-esteem, higher quality of life and reduced mental health service use for individuals living with serious mental illnesses (SMIs) including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. The effectiveness of the individual placement and support model has been demonstrated in multiple randomised controlled trials in many countries. The management of stress, depression and anxiety in the workplace may be effectively enhanced through digital mental health interventions...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433769/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-as-treatment-for-early-gastric-cancer-experience-at-two-centers-in-lima-peru
#8
J A Chirinos Vega, G Vargas, C Alcántara, J Zapata
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and determine the clinical and pathologic characteristics of early gastric cancers and premalignant lesions treated with that technique at the Hospital Nacional of the Department of Health and a private clinic in Lima, Peru. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive study of all pre-malignant and malignant gastric lesions treated with ESD at the Gastroenterology Service of the Hospital Arzobispo Loayza and the Clínica Angloamericana was conducted within the time frame of January 2012 and January 2017...
February 9, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429669/ultrasonic-irradiation-to-modify-the-functionalized-bionanocomposite-in-sulfonated-polybenzimidazole-membrane-for-fuel-cells-applications-and-antibacterial-activity
#9
Banafshe Esmaeilzade, Sheida Esmaielzadeh, Hashem Ahmadizadegan
In this article the new proton exchange membranes were prepared from sulfonated polybenzimidazole (s-PBI) and various amounts of sulfonated titania/cellulose nanohybrids (titania/cellulose-SO3H) via ultrasonic waves. The ultrasonic irradiation effectively changes the rheology and the glass transition temperature and the crystallinity of the composite polymer. Ultrasonic irradiation has a very strong mixing and dispersion effect, much stronger than conventional stirring, which can improve the dispersion of titania/cellulose-SO3H nanoparticles in the polymer matrix...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429134/one-year-follow-up-of-outcomes-from-the-randomized-clinical-trial-of-the-building-on-family-strengths-program
#10
Shervin S Churchill, Gail M Kieckhefer
Objectives Test the 12-month efficacy of an inclusive non-diagnosis-specific, parent education program with seven in-person sessions. Methods Parents of 110 children, 2-11 years old, with a variety of special health care conditions, were recruited to participate in a randomized clinical trial. At twelve months data from 104 parents were available for longitudinal analysis. Linear mixed models, with the interaction term of group by time, were used to assess the efficacy of the intervention over 12 months using data from 3 time points: baseline, 6 and 12 months...
February 10, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428813/gaging-the-impact-of-multiple-substance-use-on-community-corrections-involvement
#11
C Brendan Clark, Jeffrey A Swails, Karen A Akao, Heidi M Pontinen, Karen L Cropsey
Historically, research has demonstrated that multiple substance use, compared to single substance use, poses additional challenges for treatment throughout the continuum of care including referrals, interventions, and relapse prevention. However, it appears that this pattern cannot be easily generalized to all criminal justice settings as evidenced by mixed findings across criminal justice samples. The purpose of the current study is to investigate possible differences in legal and substance-related outcomes between multiple substance users and single substance users within a community corrections sample...
February 8, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428766/short-communication-field-study-to-investigate-the-associations-between-herd-level-risk-factors-for-milk-fat-depression-and-bulk-tank-milk-fat-percent-in-dairy-herds-feeding-monensin
#12
M M McCarthy, T R Overton, G D Mechor, D E Bauman, T C Jenkins, D V Nydam
Fat is the most variable milk component, and maintaining milk fat continues to be a challenge on commercial dairy farms. Our objectives were to establish associations between herd-level risk factors for milk fat depression and bulk tank milk fat content in commercial dairy herds feeding monensin. Seventy-nine Holstein commercial dairy herds in the northeast and upper Midwestern United States were enrolled in an observational study. Data were collected on herd characteristics, total mixed ration (TMR) samples, all component silage samples, and bulk tank milk samples...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426606/symptomatic-and-functional-recovery-from-major-depressive-disorder-in-the-ibadan-study-of-ageing
#13
Akin Ojagbemi, Taiwo Abiona, Zhehui Luo, Oye Gureje
OBJECTIVES: Very little is known about the association between symptomatic and functional recovery from late-life major depressive disorder (MDD) in sub-Saharan Africa. We investigated factors associated with sustained symptomatic remission (SR) from MDD and the 5-year trajectory of post-MDD physical functioning. DESIGN: 5-year prospective study with three follow-up waves in 2007, 2008, and 2009. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Household multistage probability sample of 2,149 Nigerians who were aged 65 years or older...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425919/the-visible-burrow-system-a-behavioral-paradigm-to-assess-sociability-and-social-withdrawal-in-btbr-and-c57bl-6j-mice-strains
#14
Maria Bove, Kevin Ike, Adriaan Eldering, Bauke Buwalda, Sietse F de Boer, Maria Grazia Morgese, Stefania Schiavone, Vincenzo Cuomo, Luigia Trabace, Martien J H Kas
Disrupted sociability and consequent social withdrawal are (early) symptoms of a wide variety of neuropsychiatric diseases, such as schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorders, depressive disorders and Alzheimer's disease. The paucity of objective measures to translationally assess social withdrawal characteristics has been an important limitation to study this behavioral phenotype, both in human and rodents. The aim of the present study was to investigate sociability and social withdrawal in rodents using an ethologically valid behavioral paradigm, the Visible Burrow System (VBS)...
February 6, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425906/effects-of-vagal-neuromodulation-on-feeding-behavior
#15
Nicole A Pelot, Warren M Grill
Implanted vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for obesity was recently approved by the FDA. However, its efficacy and mechanisms of action remain unclear. Herein, we synthesize clinical and preclinical effects of VNS on feeding behavior and energy balance and discuss engineering considerations for understanding and improving the therapy. Clinical cervical VNS (≤30 Hz) to treat epilepsy or depression has produced mixed effects on weight loss as a side effect, albeit in uncontrolled, retrospective studies. Conversely, preclinical studies (cervical and subdiaphragmatic VNS) mostly report decreased food intake and either decreased weight gain or weight loss...
February 6, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424236/home-based-pre-surgical-psychological-intervention-for-knee-osteoarthritis-happiknees-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Roshan das Nair, Jacqueline R Mhizha-Murira, Pippa Anderson, Hannah Carpenter, Simon Clarke, Sam Groves, Paul Leighton, Brigitte E Scammell, Gogem Topcu, David A Walsh, Nadina B Lincoln
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of conducting a trial of a pre-surgical psychological intervention on pain, function, and mood in people with knee osteoarthritis listed for total knee arthroplasty. DESIGN: Multi-centre, mixed-methods feasibility randomized controlled trial of intervention plus usual care versus usual care. SETTING: Participants' homes or hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with knee osteoarthritis listed for total knee arthroplasty and score >7 on either subscales of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424096/low-education-and-lack-of-spousal-relationship-are-associated-with-dementia-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-nigeria
#17
Abdulkareem J Yusuf, Olusegun Baiyewu, Adamu G Bakari, Sani B Garko, Mohammed E-B Jibril, Aishatu M Suleiman, Haruna M Muktar, Micheal A Amedu
BACKGROUND: The relationship between dementia and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in older adults is well established in the literature. However, there have been few studies on this relationship in older adults living in low- and middle-income countries, and most demographic projections predict that older adult population will increase substantially in these regions by 2050. METHODS: In this study, older adults with T2DM attending a tertiary health facility were examined and compared with community-dwelling older adults without T2DM...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419949/depression-with-mixed-features-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-new-diagnosis-or-there-all-along
#18
Michael J Ostacher, Trisha Suppes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419640/a-mixed-program-of-psychoeducational-and-psychological-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-in-a-day-hospital-setting
#19
Giovanni Camardese, Massimo Vasale, Lucio DʼAlessandris, Marianna Mazza, Riccardo Serrani, Federico Travagliati, Coco Walstra, Leonardo Zaninotto, Beniamino Leone, Marco Di Nicola, Raffaella Franza, Giuseppe Marano, Lucio Rinaldi, Luigi Janiri
The present study describes a new mixed program of psychoeducational and psychological interventions for bipolar patients, applicable during everyday practice. Thirty-two bipolar patients recruited at a psychiatric day-hospital service have been admitted to a program consisting of 30 meetings and 2 follow-ups at 6 and 12 months. The psychoeducational support determined a general improvement of all included patients. At baseline, patients with residual depression had higher Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) scores than euthymic patients (mean score ± SD: 21...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417491/meditation-and-yoga-practice-are-associated-with-smaller-right-amygdala-volume-the-rotterdam-study
#20
Rinske A Gotink, Meike W Vernooij, M Arfan Ikram, Wiro J Niessen, Gabriel P Krestin, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier, M G Myriam Hunink
To determine the association between meditation and yoga practice, experienced stress, and amygdala and hippocampal volume in a large population-based study. This study was embedded within the population-based Rotterdam Study and included 3742 participants for cross-sectional association. Participants filled out a questionnaire assessing meditation practice, yoga practice, and experienced stress, and underwent a magnetic resonance scan of the brain. 2397 participants underwent multiple brain scans, and were assessed for structural change over time...
February 7, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
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