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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822826/depression-is-associated-with-the-long-term-outcome-of-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-surgery-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#1
Iina Tuomainen, Maarit Pakarinen, Timo Aalto, Sanna Sinikallio, Heikki Kröger, Heimo Viinamäki, Olavi Airaksinen
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Depression is associated with greater postoperative disability in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patients. No previous studies have reported the association in a 10-year follow-up. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between preoperative and postoperative depressive symptoms and the surgical outcome among LSS patients in a 10-year follow-up. In addition, we examined the effects of the depressive burden on the surgical outcome. DESIGN: A prospective observational follow-up study...
August 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820516/caregiver-reported-health-outcomes-effects-of-providing-reflexology-for-symptom-management-to-women-with-advanced-breast-cancer
#2
Dawn Frambes, Alla Sikorskii, Irena Tesnjak, Gwen Wyatt, Rebecca Lehto, Barbara Given
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of delivering a reflexology intervention on health outcomes of informal caregivers, and to explore whether intervention effects are moderated by caregiver characteristics. 
. DESIGN: Two-group, randomized clinical trial.
. SETTING: Eight oncology clinics in urban and rural regions of Michigan and Illinois.
. SAMPLE: 180 informal caregivers of patients with advanced breast cancer...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818612/epidemiological-and-clinical-variables-related-with-the-predominant-polarity-on-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#3
Jesús García-Jiménez, Marisol Álvarez-Fernández, Lidia Aguado-Bailón, Luis Gutiérrez-Rojas
INTRODUCTION: Current classification of bipolar disorder (BD) in type i or type ii, however useful, may be insufficient to provide relevant clinical information in some patients. As a result, complementary classifications are being proposed, like the predominant polarity (PP) based, which is defined as a clear tendency in the patient to present relapses in the manic or depressive poles. METHODS: We carried out a search in PubMed and Web of Science databases, following the Preferred Items for Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses -PRISMA- guidelines, to identify studies about BD reporting PP...
August 14, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817491/speed-of-improvement-in-symptoms-of-depression-with-desvenlafaxine-50-mg-and-100-mg-compared-with-placebo-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Martin A Katzman, Andrew A Nierenberg, Dalia B Wajsbrot, Ellen Meier, Rita Prieto, Elizabeth Pappadopulos, Joan Mackell, Matthieu Boucher
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: This post hoc analysis examined the time point at which clinically significant improvement in major depressive disorder (MDD) symptoms occurs with desvenlafaxine versus placebo. METHODS: Data were pooled from 9 short-term, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies in adults with MDD randomly assigned to desvenlafaxine 50 mg/d, 100 mg/d, or placebo. A mixed-effects model for repeated-measures analysis of change from baseline score was used to determine the time point at which desvenlafaxine treatment groups separated from placebo on the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and psychosocial outcomes...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817490/an-open-trial-of-iloperidone-for-mixed-episodes-in-bipolar-disorder
#5
Vivek Singh, Jodi Gonzalez Arnold, Thomas J Prihoda, Melissa Martinez, Charles L Bowden
BACKGROUND: Mixed mood states in bipolar disorder are difficult to treat and when present indicate worse illness trajectories. Several medications are US Food and Drug Administration approved to treat mixed episodes; however, the clinical trials have been short term and rarely reported depression response. METHODS: We conducted a 5-month open-label trial examining the tolerability and efficacy of iloperidone for bipolar disorder mixed episodes. RESULTS: Mania and depression scores significantly improved over the course of the study for study completers (ie, 60%-68% improvement for manic symptoms and 41%-49% for depression symptoms)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815738/the-effect-of-depression-generalized-anxiety-and-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-on-change-in-bone-metabolism-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#6
Chadi A Calarge, James A Mills, Kathleen F Janz, Trudy L Burns, Janet A Schlechte, William H Coryell, Babette S Zemel
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively examine the independent contribution of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) use to changes in bone metabolism in older adolescents and emerging adults. METHODS: Medically-healthy 15 to 20 year-olds who were unmedicated or within one month of starting an SSRI were prospectively followed. Psychiatric functioning and medication treatment were assessed monthly...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813270/depression-and-parenting-the-need-for-improved-intervention-models
#7
REVIEW
Megan Galbally, Andrew J Lewis
The impact of maternal depression on parenting is well established and there is a clear interaction between maternal depression and parenting that is predictive of child outcomes. The research on paternal depression is more limited but suggests the father's mental health may be an independent risk factor for both parenting and child outcomes. There is insufficient evidence that treatment of depression alone - be it through pharmacological or psychological interventions - is able to substantially reduce the impact of depression on child outcomes...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811173/prenatal-exposure-to-pyrethroid-pesticides-and-childhood-behavior-and-executive-functioning
#8
Melissa A Furlong, Dana Boyd Barr, Mary S Wolff, Stephanie M Engel
Several previous studies of pyrethroid biomarkers and behavior have reported associations between concurrent pyrethroid levels and adverse behavioral problems in children. One geospatial study reported associations between prenatal exposure to pyrethroids and autism. However, the association between prenatal pyrethroid biomarkers and childhood behavior is unknown. The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Center is a prospective birth cohort with urinary pyrethroid biomarkers during pregnancy and behavioral measurements at 4, 6, and 7-9 years of age...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811048/receipt-of-nephrology-care-and-clinical-outcomes-among-veterans-with-advanced-ckd
#9
Enrica Fung, Tara I Chang, Glenn M Chertow, I-Chun Thomas, Steven M Asch, Manjula Kurella Tamura
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines recommend referral to nephrology when estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decreases to <30mL/min/1.73m(2); however, evidence for benefits of nephrology care are mixed. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort using landmark analysis. SETTINGS & PARTICIPANTS: A national cohort of veterans with advanced chronic kidney disease, defined as an outpatient eGFR≤30mL/min/1.73m(2) for January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2010, and a prior eGFR<60mL/min/1...
August 12, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810176/influence-of-gender-on-inpatient-treatment-for-bipolar-disorder-an-analysis-of-60-607-hospitalisations
#10
Matthäus Fellinger, Thomas Waldhör, Victor Blüml, Nolan Williams, Benjamin Vyssoki
BACKGROUND: The influence of gender on inpatient treatment patterns in bipolar patients is unclear. The aim of this study is to examine whether differences in length of stay and frequency of inpatient episodes, according to ICD-10 bipolar disorder (BD)-subgroups, exist between men and women. METHODS: All episodes of a manic (F31.0-2), depressive (F31.3-5) or mixed (F31.6) subtype of BD during an inpatient stay in an Austrian hospital in the period of 2001-2014 were included in this study...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805404/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-collaborative-care-implementation-using-re-aim
#11
Bethany M Kwan, Sanjay Chadha, Mika K Hamer, David Spagnolo, Sheila Kee
INTRODUCTION: Application of the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework using mixed methods to evaluate a collaborative care practice implementation can inform the literature on real-world collaborative care experiences. METHOD: Two primary care practices serving Niagara Falls, NY, implemented collaborative care. Adults age 18 and over were screened at least annually for depression, anxiety, and alcohol use using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-7), and the AUDIT alcohol consumption questionnaire (AUDIT-C)...
August 14, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805400/anxiety-and-depression-as-bidirectional-risk-factors-for-one-another-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#12
Nicholas C Jacobson, Michelle G Newman
Not only do anxiety and depression diagnoses tend to co-occur, but their symptoms are highly correlated. Although a plethora of research has examined longitudinal associations between anxiety and depression, these data have not yet been effectively synthesized. To address this need, the current study undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of 66 studies involving 88,336 persons examining the prospective relationship between anxiety and depression at both symptom and disorder levels. Using mixed-effect models, results suggested that all types of anxiety symptoms predicted later depressive symptoms (r = ...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802653/in-vitro-interactions-of-malachite-green-and-leucomalachite-green-with-hepatic-drug-metabolizing-enzyme-systems-in-the-rainbow-trout-onchorhyncus-mykiss
#13
Carlo Nebbia, Flavia Girolami, Monica Carletti, Laura Gasco, Ivo Zoccarato, Alessandra Giuliano Albo
Malachite green (MG) has been widely used in aquaculture to treat a number of microbial and parasitic diseases. It is currently banned in the EU because of the high cytotoxicity and carcinogenic activity, which is also shared by leucomalachite green (LMG), a reduced MG metabolite that can persist in fish tissues for months. There is scant information about the ability of either compound to interact with drug metabolizing enzymes in fish. Therefore we evaluated the in vitro effects of MG and LMG (25, 50 and 100μM) on some DMEs and glutathione (GSH) content in rainbow trout liver subfractions...
August 9, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798699/schizophrenia-or-atypical-lupus-erythematosus-with-predominant-psychiatric-manifestations-over-25%C3%A2-years-case-analysis-and-review
#14
Axel Mack, Christiane Pfeiffer, E Marion Schneider, Karl Bechter
We observed a case over 25 years of relapsing-remitting schizophrenic spectrum disorder, varying regarding the main symptomatology between more depressive or more schizoaffective or rather typical schizophrenic syndrome. Diseased phases were repeatedly accompanied by minor skin lesions, which were initially classified as mixed tissue disorder. Psychotic phases were waxing-waning over years. During one later relapse, skin involvement was severe, classified to likely represent an allergic reaction to psychopharmaca; this generalized exanthema remitted rapidly with cortisone treatment and azathioprine...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798012/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-with-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-feasibility-study
#15
Maria Lalouni, Brjánn Ljótsson, Marianne Bonnert, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Jens Högström, Eva Serlachius, Ola Olén
BACKGROUND: Pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders (P-FGIDs; eg, irritable bowel syndrome) are highly prevalent in children and associated with low quality of life, anxiety, and school absence. Treatment options are scarce, and there is a need for effective and accessible treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (Internet-CBT) based on exposure exercises is effective for adult and adolescent irritable bowel syndrome, but it has not been evaluated for younger children...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798009/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-brief-web-and-mobile-phone-intervention-for-men-with-depression-men-s-positive-coping-strategies-and-associated-depression-resilience-and-work-and-social-functioning
#16
Andrea Susan Fogarty, Judy Proudfoot, Erin Louise Whittle, Janine Clarke, Michael J Player, Helen Christensen, Kay Wilhelm
BACKGROUND: Previous research has identified that men experiencing depression do not always access appropriate health services. Web-based interventions represent an alternative treatment option for men, are effective in reducing anxiety and depression, and have potential for wide dissemination. However, men do not access Web-based programs at the same rate as women. Programs with content explicitly tailored to men's mental health needs are required. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the applicability of Man Central, a new Web and mobile phone intervention for men with depression...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797829/time-to-remission-from-mild-to-moderate-depressive-symptoms-one-year-results-from-the-evident-study-an-rct-of-an-internet-intervention-for-depression
#17
Jan Philipp Klein, Christina Späth, Johanna Schröder, Björn Meyer, Wolfgang Greiner, Martin Hautzinger, Wolfgang Lutz, Matthias Rose, Eik Vettorazzi, Gerhard Andersson, Fritz Hohagen, Steffen Moritz, Thomas Berger
BACKGROUND: Internet interventions are effective in treating depressive symptoms but few studies conducted a long-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of an internet intervention in increasing the remission rate over a twelve months period. METHODS: A total of 1013 participants with mild to moderate depressive symptoms were randomized to either care as usual alone or a 12-week internet intervention (Deprexis) plus usual care. Self-rated depression severity (PHQ-9) was assessed regularly over twelve months...
July 21, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793983/how-do-ehealth-programs-for-adolescents-with-depression-work-a-realist-review-of-persuasive-system-design-components-in-internet-based-psychological-therapies
#18
Lori Wozney, Anna Huguet, Kathryn Bennett, Ashley D Radomski, Lisa Hartling, Michele Dyson, Patrick J McGrath, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorders are common among adolescents and can impact all aspects of their daily life. Traditional therapies, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) have been delivered face-to-face. However, Internet-based (online) delivery of these therapies is emerging as an option for adolescents. Internet-based CBT and IPT involve therapeutic content, interaction between the user and the system, and different technological features embedded into the online program (eg, multimedia)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793790/situationally-influenced-tinnitus-coping-strategies-a-mixed-methods-approach
#19
Eldré W Beukes, Vinaya Manchaiah, Gerhard Andersson, Peter M Allen, Paige M Terlizzi, David M Baguley
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to identify coping strategies used to manage problematic tinnitus situations. A secondary aim was to determine whether different approaches were related to the level of tinnitus distress, anxiety, depression, and insomnia experienced. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was implemented. The study sample was adults interested in undertaking an Internet-based intervention for tinnitus. Self-reported measures assessed the level of tinnitus distress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia...
August 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792577/-implementation-evaluation-of-the-pare-chocs-program-in-high-school
#20
Martine Poirier, Diane Marcotte, Jacques Joly, Laurier Fortin
Despite the important increase in the prevalence of depression during adolescence, a low proportion of adolescent presenting elevated depressive symptoms receive school-based mental health services. Moreover, programs implemented in school settings often suffer of a less rigorous implementation, thus limiting their potential effectiveness. The identification of factors influencing implementation fidelity is essential to improve the quality of services. Guided by a theory-driven evaluation model, we assessed the quality of implementation of the Pare-Chocs program and the factors that affected this quality with the elements of action model of Chen (2005)...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
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