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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434203/topiramate-monotherapy-for-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy
#1
REVIEW
Jia Liu, Lu-Ning Wang, Yu-Ping Wang
BACKGROUND: Topiramate is a newer broad-spectrum antiepileptic drug (AED). Some studies have shown the benefits of topiramate monotherapy in the treatment of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). However, there are no current systematic reviews to determine the efficacy and tolerability of topiramate monotherapy in people with JME. This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in Issue 12, 2015. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of topiramate monotherapy in the treatment of JME...
April 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429106/occupational-exposure-to-extremely-low-frequency-magnetic-fields-and-risk-for-central-nervous-system-disease-an-update-of-a-danish-cohort-study-among-utility-workers
#2
Camilla Pedersen, Aslak Harbo Poulsen, Naja Hulvej Rod, Patrizia Frei, Johnni Hansen, Kathrine Grell, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Joachim Schüz, Christoffer Johansen
PURPOSE: Evidence of whether exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF) is related to central nervous system diseases is inconsistent. This study updates a previous study of the incidence of such diseases in a large cohort of Danish utility workers by almost doubling the period of follow-up. METHODS: We investigated the risks for dementia, motor neurone disease, Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis and epilepsy among 32,006 men employed at the 99 utility companies that supplied Denmark with electricity during the period 1900-1993...
April 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427024/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-about-epilepsy-among-teachers-at-ethio-national-school-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#3
Tesfaye Berhe, Bethlehem Yihun, Emebet Abebe, Hailu Abera
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is one of the most common serious chronic brain disorders and is poorly understood by the public and has been associated with numerous misconceptions and beliefs. This, coupled with its dramatic clinical manifestations, has resulted in a strong social stigma. Since teachers have a key role in society as educators, the purpose of this study was to find out the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards epilepsy among school teachers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of 135 teachers about epilepsy using a semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412919/neurological-disorders-in-medical-use-of-cannabis-an-update
#4
Renata Solimini, Maria Concetta Rotolo, Simona Pichini, Roberta Pacifici
Medical cannabis is increasingly used as a treatment or adjunct treatment with different levels of efficacy in several neurological disorders or related symptoms (such as multiple sclerosis, autism, Parkinson and Alzheimer disease, Tourette's syndrome, Huntington's disease, neuropathic pain, epilepsy, headache), as well as in other medical conditions (e.g. nausea and vomiting, glaucoma, appetite stimulation, cancer, inflammatory conditions, asthma). Nevertheless, a number of neurological adverse effects from use of medical cannabis on the short- and on the long- term have been reported, in addition to other adverse health events...
April 13, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399591/autosomal-recessive-primary-microcephaly-mcph-an-update
#5
Sami Zaqout, Deborah Morris-Rosendahl, Angela M Kaindl
Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH; MicroCephaly Primary Hereditary) is a genetically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a significantly reduced head circumference present already at birth and intellectual disability. Inconsistent features include hyperactivity, an expressive speech disorder, and epilepsy. Here, we provide a brief overview on this rare disorder pertinent for clinicians.
April 11, 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376926/cancer-and-central-nervous-system-disorders-protocol-for-an-umbrella-review-of-systematic-reviews-and-updated-meta-analyses-of-observational-studies
#6
Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Jane A Driver, Matthew J Page, Manuel Ridao, José M Valderas, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Jaume Forés-Martos, Salvador Martínez, Ricard Gènova-Maleras, Diego Macías-Saint-Gerons, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Eduard Vieta, Alfonso Valencia, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study will be to synthesize the epidemiological evidence and evaluate the validity of the associations between central nervous system disorders and the risk of developing or dying from cancer. METHODS/DESIGN: We will perform an umbrella review of systematic reviews and conduct updated meta-analyses of observational studies (cohort and case-control) investigating the association between central nervous system disorders and the risk of developing or dying from any cancer or specific types of cancer...
April 4, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329897/maternal-labor-delivery-and-perinatal-outcomes-associated-with-placental-abruption-a-systematic-review
#7
Katheryne L Downes, Katherine L Grantz, Edmond D Shenassa
Objective Risk factors for placental abruption have changed, but there has not been an updated systematic review investigating outcomes. Methods We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and CINAHL for publications from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2016. We reviewed English-language publications reporting estimated incidence and/or risk factors for maternal, labor, delivery, and perinatal outcomes associated with abruption. We excluded case studies, conference abstracts, and studies that lacked a referent/comparison group or did not clearly characterize placental abruption...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284392/diseases-of-the-synaptic-vesicle-a-potential-new-group-of-neurometabolic-disorders-affecting-neurotransmission
#8
E Cortès-Saladelafont, A Tristán-Noguero, R Artuch, X Altafaj, A Bayès, A García-Cazorla
The general concept of inborn error of metabolism is currently evolving into the interface between classical biochemistry and cellular biology. Basic neuroscience is providing increasing knowledge about the mechanisms of neurotransmission and novel related disorders are being described. There is a necessity of updating the classic concept of "inborn error of neurotransmitters (NT)" that considers mainly defects of synthesis and catabolism and transport of low weight NT molecules. Monogenic defects of the synaptic vesicle (SV), and especially those affecting the SV cycle are a potential new group of NT disorders since they end up in abnormal NT turnover and release...
November 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276062/ilae-classification-of-the-epilepsies-position-paper-of-the-ilae-commission-for-classification-and-terminology
#9
Ingrid E Scheffer, Samuel Berkovic, Giuseppe Capovilla, Mary B Connolly, Jacqueline French, Laura Guilhoto, Edouard Hirsch, Satish Jain, Gary W Mathern, Solomon L Moshé, Douglas R Nordli, Emilio Perucca, Torbjörn Tomson, Samuel Wiebe, Yue-Hua Zhang, Sameer M Zuberi
The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Classification of the Epilepsies has been updated to reflect our gain in understanding of the epilepsies and their underlying mechanisms following the major scientific advances that have taken place since the last ratified classification in 1989. As a critical tool for the practicing clinician, epilepsy classification must be relevant and dynamic to changes in thinking, yet robust and translatable to all areas of the globe. Its primary purpose is for diagnosis of patients, but it is also critical for epilepsy research, development of antiepileptic therapies, and communication around the world...
April 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240353/carbamazepine-versus-phenytoin-monotherapy-for-epilepsy-an-individual-participant-data-review
#10
REVIEW
Sarah J Nevitt, Anthony G Marson, Jennifer Weston, Catrin Tudur Smith
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in Issue 2, 2002 and its subsequent updates in 2010 and 2015.Epilepsy is a common neurological condition in which recurrent, unprovoked seizures are caused by abnormal electrical discharges from the brain. It is believed that with effective drug treatment, up to 70% of individuals with active epilepsy have the potential to become seizure-free and go into long-term remission shortly after starting drug therapy with a single antiepileptic drug in monotherapy...
February 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229395/transcranial-magnetic-and-direct-current-stimulation-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Mustafa Q Hameed, Sameer C Dhamne, Roman Gersner, Harper L Kaye, Lindsay M Oberman, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Alexander Rotenberg
Promising results in adult neurologic and psychiatric disorders are driving active research into transcranial brain stimulation techniques, particularly transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), in childhood and adolescent syndromes. TMS has realistic utility as an experimental tool tested in a range of pediatric neuropathologies such as perinatal stroke, depression, Tourette syndrome, and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). tDCS has also been tested as a treatment for a number of pediatric neurologic conditions, including ASD, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, and cerebral palsy...
February 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215372/the-managing-epilepsy-well-network-advancing-epilepsy-self-management
#12
EDITORIAL
Martha Sajatovic, Barbara C Jobst, Ross Shegog, Yvan A Bamps, Charles E Begley, Robert T Fraser, Erica K Johnson, Dilip K Pandey, Rakale C Quarells, Peter Scal, Tanya M Spruill, Nancy J Thompson, Rosemarie Kobau
Epilepsy, a complex spectrum of disorders, affects about 2.9 million people in the U.S. Similar to other chronic disorders, people with epilepsy face challenges related to management of the disorder, its treatment, co-occurring depression, disability, social disadvantages, and stigma. Two national conferences on public health and epilepsy (1997, 2003) and a 2012 IOM report on the public health dimensions of epilepsy highlighted important knowledge gaps and emphasized the need for evidence-based, scalable epilepsy self-management programs...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202008/relationship-between-abcb1-3435tt-genotype-and-antiepileptic-drugs-resistance-in-epilepsy-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Malek Chouchi, Wajih Kaabachi, Hedia Klaa, Kalthoum Tizaoui, Ilhem Ben-Youssef Turki, Lamia Hila
BACKGROUND: Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are effective medications available for epilepsy. However, many patients do not respond to this treatment and become resistant. Genetic polymorphisms may be involved in the variation of AEDs response. Therefore, we conducted an updated systematic review and a meta-analysis to investigate the contribution of the genetic profile on epilepsy drug resistance. METHODS: We proceeded to the selection of eligible studies related to the associations of polymorphisms with resistance to AEDs therapy in epilepsy, published from January 1980 until November 2016, using Pubmed and Cochrane Library databases...
February 15, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195639/ethosuximide-sodium-valproate-or-lamotrigine-for-absence-seizures-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
REVIEW
Francesco Brigo, Stanley C Igwe
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review originally published in 2003, Issue 3, and updated in 2005, Issue 4.Absence seizures are brief epileptic seizures which present in childhood and adolescence. Depending on clinical features and electroencephalogram (EEG) findings they are divided into typical, atypical absences, and absences with special features. Typical absences are characterised by sudden loss of awareness and an EEG typically shows generalised spike wave discharges at three cycles per second...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184017/an-update-of-the-hong-kong-epilepsy-guideline-consensus-statement-on-the-use-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-hong-kong
#15
J Ky Fong, E Ly Chan, H Leung, I Chan, R Sk Chang, G Cy Fong, E Lw Fung, C Ht Lui, B Bh Fung, T L Poon, D Siu, H T Wong, E Yeung, A Wy Yung, C Xl Zhu
OBJECTIVE: New information about antiepileptic drugs has arisen since the publication of the Hong Kong Epilepsy Guideline in 2009. This article set out to fill the knowledge gap between 2007 and 2016 on the use of antiepileptic drugs in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Between May 2014 and April 2016, four consensus meetings were held in Hong Kong, where a group comprising 15 professionals (neurologists, paediatricians, neurosurgeons, radiologists, and clinical psychologists) from both public and private sectors aimed to review the best available evidence and update all practising physicians on a range of clinical issues including drug-related matters...
February 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157274/strategies-for-improving-adherence-to-antiepileptic-drug-treatment-in-people-with-epilepsy
#16
REVIEW
Sinaa Al-Aqeel, Olga Gershuni, Jawza Al-Sabhan, Mickael Hiligsmann
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to antiepileptic medication is associated with increased mortality, morbidity and healthcare costs. In this review, we focus on interventions designed and tested in randomised controlled trials and quasi-randomised controlled trials to assist people with adherence to antiepileptic medication. This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in the Cochrane Library, Issue 1, 2010. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving adherence to antiepileptic medication in adults and children with epilepsy...
February 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155226/propofol-versus-thiopental-sodium-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-status-epilepticus
#17
REVIEW
Hemanshu Prabhakar, Mani Kalaivani
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Issue 6, 2015).Failure to respond to antiepileptic drugs in patients with uncontrolled seizure activity such as refractory status epilepticus (RSE) has led to the use of anaesthetic drugs. Coma is induced with anaesthetic drugs to achieve complete control of seizure activity. Thiopental sodium and propofol are popularly used for this purpose. Both agents have been found to be effective...
February 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118301/cognition-in-epilepsy-current-clinical-issues-of-interest
#18
Juri-Alexander Witt, Christoph Helmstaedter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an update and summary of recent neuropsychological findings in epilepsy focusing on three major clinical topics among the many developments in the field. We will critically outline the current state with regard to cognition in new-onset epilepsies, social cognition in epilepsy, and the long-term outcome of epilepsy surgery and the cognitive outcomes of superselective surgical procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Current studies indicate that neuropsychological impairments are prevalent already at the onset of epilepsy and even before, social cognition (i...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111749/progress-report-on-new-antiepileptic-drugs-a-summary-of-the-thirteenth-eilat-conference-on-new-antiepileptic-drugs-and-devices-eilat-xiii
#19
REVIEW
Meir Bialer, Svein I Johannessen, René H Levy, Emilio Perucca, Torbjörn Tomson, H Steve White
The Thirteenth Eilat Conference on New Antiepileptic Drugs and Devices (EILAT XIII) took place in Madrid, Spain, on June 26-29, 2016, and was attended by >200 delegates from 31 countries. The present Progress Report provides an update on experimental and clinical results for drugs presented at the Conference. Compounds for which summary data are presented include an AED approved in 2016 (brivaracetam), 12 drugs in phase I-III clinical development (adenosine, allopregnanolone, bumetanide, cannabidiol, cannabidivarin, 2-deoxy-d-glucose, everolimus, fenfluramine, huperzine A, minocycline, SAGE-217, and valnoctamide) and 6 compounds or classes of compounds for which only preclinical data are available (bumetanide derivatives, sec-butylpropylacetamide, FV-082, 1OP-2198, NAX 810-2, and SAGE-689)...
January 23, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070172/summary-of-the-2016-partners-against-mortality-in-epilepsy-pame-conference
#20
(no author information available yet)
Authors: Kevin D Graber, MD, Jeffrey Buchhalter, MD, PhD, Elson So, MD, Rainer Surges, MD, Detlev Boison, PhD, Franck Kalume, PhD, Cyndi Wright, Brian Gehlbach, MD, Jeff Noebels, MD, PhD, Vicky Whittemore, PhD, Elizabeth J. Donner, MD, MSc, Tom Stanton, MPP, Henry Smithson, MD, Jane Hanna, Masud Seyal, MD, PhD, Philippe Ryvlin, MD, PhD The third biannual Partners Against Mortality in Epilepsy (PAME) conference was held in Alexandria, VA from June 23-26, 2016. This was an intimate meeting of clinical and basic scientists, clinicians, people affected by Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy Patients (SUDEP) in a loved one, people living with epilepsy and patient advocate organizations...
November 2016: Epilepsy Currents
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