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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777640/factors-associated-with-parental-intent-not-to-circumcise-daughters-in-enugu-state-of-nigeria-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#1
Cajetan I Ilo, Sandra A Darfour-Oduro, Jerome O Okafor, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Ignatius O Nwimo, Chinagorom Onwunaka
This study explored intention of parents not to circumcise daughters in Enugu State, Nigeria using theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a framework. A survey of 1345 parents was carried out using structured questionnaire with FGM question items based on TPB constructs of attitude, subjective norm (SN), perceived behavioral control (PBC), and intention. Intention was dichotomized into two categories and logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association between the constructs of TPB while controlling for some socio-demographic factors...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764326/why-gerontology-and-geriatrics-can-teach-us-a-lot-about-mentoring
#2
Phillip G Clark
Gerontology, geriatrics, and mentoring have a lot in common. The prototype of this role was Mentor, an older adult in Homer's The Odyssey, who was enlisted to look after Odysseus' son, Telemachus, while his father was away fighting the Trojan War. Portrayed as an older man, the name "mentor" literally means "a man who thinks," which is not a bad characterization generally for faculty members in gerontology! In particular, gerontological and geriatrics education can teach us a lot about the importance of mentoring and provide some critical insights into this role: (1) the importance of interprofessional leadership and modeling, (2) the application of the concept of "grand-generativity" to mentoring, (3) "it takes a community" to be effective in mentoring others, and (4) the need to tailor mentorship styles to the person and the situation...
May 15, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681670/spatial-patterns-of-the-united-states-national-land-cover-dataset-nlcd-land-cover-change-thematic-accuracy-2001-2011
#3
J Wickham, S V Stehman, C G Homer
Research on spatial non-stationarity of land-cover classification accuracy has been ongoing for over two decades with most of the work focusing on single date maps. We extend the understanding of thematic map accuracy spatial patterns by: (1) quantifying spatial patterns of map-reference agreement for class-specific land-cover change rather than class-specific land cover for both omission and commission expressions of map error; (2) reporting goodness-of-fit estimates for the empirical models, which have been lacking in previous assessments, and; (3) using the empirical model results to map the locations of the relative likelihoods of map-reference agreement for specific land-cover change classes...
2018: International Journal of Remote Sensing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650028/a-rare-presentation-of-pulmonary-sarcoidosis-as-a-solitary-lung-mass-a-case-report
#4
Dylan W Kelleher, Madeleine Yaggi, Robert Homer, Erica L Herzog, Changwan Ryu
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem, chronic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology that predominantly affects the lungs. Pulmonary sarcoidosis classically presents with constitutional symptoms and computed tomographic scan findings of bilateral, symmetric micronodules in a peribronchovascular distribution with upper and middle lung zone predominance accompanied by bilateral, symmetric hilar lymphadenopathy. A solitary lung mass is a rare finding for pulmonary sarcoidosis, and with its associated constitutional symptoms, it strongly mimics a malignancy...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608794/genome-wide-analysis-of-the-regulation-of-cu-metabolism-in-cryptococcus-neoformans
#5
Sarela Garcia-Santamarina, Richard A Festa, Aaron D Smith, Chen-Hsin Yu, Corinna Probst, Chen Ding, Christina M Homer, Jun Yin, James P Noonan, Hiten Madhani, John R Perfect, Dennis J Thiele
The ability of the human fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans to adapt to variable copper (Cu) environments within the host is key for successful dissemination and colonization. During pulmonary infection, host alveolar macrophages compartmentalize Cu into the phagosome and C. neoformans Cu-detoxifying metallothioneins, MT1 and MT2, are required for survival of the pathogen. In contrast, during brain colonization the C. neoformans Cu+ importers Ctr1 and Ctr4 are required for virulence. Central for the regulation and expression of both the Cu detoxifying MT1/2 and the Cu acquisition Ctr1/4 proteins is the Cu-metalloregulatory transcription factor Cuf1, an established C...
April 2, 2018: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590180/pre-treatment-tumour-perfusion-parameters-and-initial-recist-response-do-not-predict-long-term-survival-outcomes-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-treated-with-induction-chemotherapy
#6
Natalie M Lowe, Lucy E Kershaw, Jonathan M Bernstein, Stephanie B Withey, Kathleen Mais, Jarrod J Homer, Nicholas J Slevin, Suzanne C Bonington, Bernadette M Carrington, Catharine M West
OBJECTIVES: Previously, we showed that pre-treatment tumour plasma perfusion (Fp) predicts RECIST response to induction chemotherapy (ICT) in locoregionally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The aim here was to determine whether the pre-treatment tumour Fp estimate, changes in tumour Fp or RECIST response post 2 cycles of ICT were prognostic for long-term survival outcomes. METHODS: A prospective study enrolled patients with high stage HNSCC treated with docetaxel (T), cisplatin (P) and 5-fluorouracil (F) (ICT) followed by synchronous cisplatin and intensity modulated radiotherapy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580754/energy-utilization-associated-with-regular-activity-breaks-and-continuous-physical-activity-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#7
S P Fenemor, A R Homer, T L Perry, C M Skeaff, M C Peddie, N J Rehrer
AIMS: To quantify and compare energy utilization associated with prolonged sitting alone, or interrupted with regular activity breaks and/or an additional bout of continuous physical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty six adults (11 males, BMI 24.1 ± 4.6) completed four interventions: (1) prolonged sitting (SIT), (2) sitting with 2-min of walking every 30 min (RAB), (3) prolonged sitting with 30-min of continuous walking at the end of the day (SIT + PA), (4) a combination of the activities in (2) and (3) above (RAB + PA)...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528537/the-association-between-adolescent-condom-use-and-individual-and-environmental-resilience-protective-factors
#8
Rebecca Kate Hodder, Sally Homer, Megan Freund, Jennifer A Bowman, Christophe Lecathelinais, Kim Colyvas, Elizabeth Campbell, Karen Gillham, Julia Dray, John H Wiggers
OBJECTIVE: Individual and environmental resilience protective factors are suggested to be associated with adolescent condom use; however, previous studies have not comprehensively examined such associations. This study aimed to determine the associations between condom use, and numerous individual and environmental resilience protective factors in sexually active Australian adolescents. METHODS: Participants were Grade 10 students attending 28 Australian government high schools (n=1,688)...
March 12, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502359/fgf23-neutralizing-antibody-partially-improves-bone-mineralization-defect-of-hmwfgf2-isoforms-in-transgenic-female-mice
#9
Liping Xiao, Collin Homer-Bouthiette, Marja M Hurley
Mice overexpressing high molecular weight FGF2 isoforms (HMWTg) in osteoblast lineage phenocopy human X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH) and a Hyp murine model of XLH demonstrating increased FGF23/FGF receptor signaling and hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia. Because HMWFGF2 was upregulated in bones of Hyp mice and abnormal FGF23 signaling is important in XLH, HMWTg mice were used to examine the effect of the FGF23 neutralizing antibody (FGF23Ab). Eight-week-old female Vector control mice and HMWTg mice were treated with FGF23Ab or control IgG...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497031/ww-domain-binding-protein-2-acts-as-an-oncogene-by-modulating-the-activity-of-the-glycolytic-enzyme-eno1-in-glioma
#10
Shuai Chen, Ya Zhang, Han Wang, Yu-Ying Zeng, Zhi Li, Ming-Li Li, Fang-Fang Li, Jun You, Zhi-Ming Zhang, Chi-Meng Tzeng
WW domain-binding protein 2 (WBP2) has been demonstrated as oncogenic in breast cancer. Many studies have revealed the WBP2 gene as a high-risk gene for leukoariaosis and cerebral white matter lesions is important in the pathologic stage of glioma development. This study aimed to illustrate the underlying mechanism by which WBP2 regulates the process of glioma development. The expression pattern of WBP2 in several tumor cells was determined, clarifying the carcinogenic action of WBP2 in glioma cells. Overexpression of WBP2 in glioma cells promoted cell proliferation and migration, and the number of S-phase cells, whereas the depletion of WBP2 by RNAi-mediated knockdown restrained cell growth and cell cycle progression...
March 1, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478574/canceled-to-be-called-back-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-canceled-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-scene-calls-that-are-later-transferred-to-a-trauma-center
#11
Brodie Nolan, Alun Ackery, Avery Nathens, Bruce Sawadsky, Homer Tien
INTRODUCTION: In our trauma system, helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) can be requested to attend a scene call for an injured patient before arrival by land paramedics. Land paramedics can cancel this response if they deem it unnecessary. The purpose of this study is to describe the frequency of canceled HEMS scene calls that were subsequently transferred to 2 trauma centers and to assess for any impact on morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Probabilistic matching was used to identify canceled HEMS scene call patients who were later transported to 2 trauma centers over a 48-month period...
March 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476021/updated-results-of-rituximab-pre-and-post-beam-with-or-without-90-yttrium-ibritumomab-tiuxetan-during-autologous-transplant-for-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#12
Jad Chahoud, Dawen Sui, William D Erwin, Alison M Gulbis, Martin Korbling, Mingzhi Zhang, Sairah Ahmed, Gheath Alatrash, Paolo Anderlini, Stefan O Ciurea, Betul Oran, Luis E Fayad, Roland L Bassett, Elias J Jabbour, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Homer A Macapinlac, Ken H Young, Issa F Khouri
Purpose: We evaluated the effect on long-term survival of adding rituximab (R) to BEAM (carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan) conditioning with or without yttrium-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan (90 YIT) in patients with relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) undergoing autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). Experimental design: Patients were enrolled on three consecutive phase II clinical trials. Patients received two doses of rituximab (375 and 1,000 mg/m2 ) during mobilization of stem cells, followed by 1,000 mg/m2 on days +1 and +8 after ASCT with R-BEAM or 90 YIT-R-BEAM (90 YIT dose of 0...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465458/prognostic-implications-of-pathological-response-to-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-in-pathologic-stage-iii-rectal-cancer
#13
Georgios Karagkounis, Leo Thai, Adam G Mace, Homer Wiland, Rish K Pai, Scott R Steele, James M Church, Matthew F Kalady
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the independent prognostic ability of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) tumor regression scores within pathologic stage II and III rectal cancers. BACKGROUND: Response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT) has been debated as a biologic surrogate for tumor biology and prognosis in rectal cancer. AJCC regression scores have been shown to correlate with prognosis. METHODS: Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, and AJCC scores (0 = complete response; 1 = isolated tumor cells remaining; 2 = residual cancer outgrown by fibrosis; 3 = extensive residual cancer) were assessed from 545 rectal cancer patients treated by nCRT followed by surgery at a single institution...
February 20, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449608/mapping-molecular-assemblies-with-fluorescence-microscopy-and-object-based-spatial-statistics
#14
Thibault Lagache, Alexandre Grassart, Stéphane Dallongeville, Orestis Faklaris, Nathalie Sauvonnet, Alexandre Dufour, Lydia Danglot, Jean-Christophe Olivo-Marin
Elucidating protein functions and molecular organisation requires to localise precisely single or aggregated molecules and analyse their spatial distributions. We develop a statistical method SODA (Statistical Object Distance Analysis) that uses either micro- or nanoscopy to significantly improve on standard co-localisation techniques. Our method considers cellular geometry and densities of molecules to provide statistical maps of isolated and associated (coupled) molecules. We use SODA with three-colour structured-illumination microscopy (SIM) images of hippocampal neurons, and statistically characterise spatial organisation of thousands of synapses...
February 15, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442404/cesarean-section-and-diabetes-during-pregnancy-an-nsw-population-study-using-the-robson-classification
#15
Reem Zeki, Jeremy J N Oats, Alex Y Wang, Zhuoyang Li, Caroline S E Homer, Elizabeth A Sullivan
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the main contributors to cesarean section (CS) among women with and without diabetes during pregnancy using the Robson classification and to compare CS rates within Robson groups. METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted of all women who gave birth in New South Wales, Australia, between 2002 and 2012. Women with pregestational diabetes (types 1 and 2) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were grouped using the Robson classification...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408962/ibuprofen-is-deleterious-for-the-development-of-first-trimester-human-fetal-ovary-ex-vivo
#16
S Leverrier-Penna, R T Mitchell, E Becker, L Lecante, M Ben Maamar, N Homer, V Lavoué, D M Kristensen, N Dejucq-Rainsford, B Jégou, S Mazaud-Guittot
STUDY QUESTION: Does ibuprofen use during the first trimester of pregnancy interfere with the development of the human fetal ovary? SUMMARY ANSWER: In human fetuses, ibuprofen exposure is deleterious for ovarian germ cells. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In utero stages of ovarian development define the future reproductive capacity of a woman. In rodents, analgesics can impair the development of the fetal ovary leading to early onset of fertility failure...
February 2, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373503/interrupting-prolonged-sitting-with-regular-activity-breaks-does-not-acutely-influence-appetite-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Evelyn M Mete, Tracy L Perry, Jillian J Haszard, Ashleigh R Homer, Stephen P Fenemor, Nancy J Rehrer, C Murray Skeaff, Meredith C Peddie
Regular activity breaks increase energy expenditure; however, this may promote compensatory eating behaviour. The present study compared the effects of regular activity breaks and prolonged sitting on appetite. In a randomised, cross-over trial, 36 healthy adults (BMI (Body Mass Index) 23.9 kg/m² (S.D. = 3.9)) completed four, two-day interventions: two with prolonged sitting (SIT), and two with sitting and 2 min of walking every 30 min (RAB). Standardized meals were provided throughout the intervention, with an ad libitum meal at the end of Day 2...
January 26, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335325/population-and-patient-factors-affecting-emergency-department-attendance-in-london-retrospective-cohort-analysis-of-linked-primary-and-secondary-care-records
#18
Sally A Hull, Kate Homer, Kambiz Boomla, John Robson, Mark Ashworth
BACKGROUND: Population factors, including social deprivation and morbidity, predict the use of emergency departments (EDs). AIM: To link patient-level primary and secondary care data to determine whether the association between deprivation and ED attendance is explained by multimorbidity and other clinical factors in the GP record. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study based in East London. METHOD: Primary care demographic, consultation, diagnostic, and clinical data were linked with ED attendance data...
March 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222650/taxane-platinum-and-5-fu-prior-to-chemoradiotherapy-benefits-patients-with-stage-iv-neck-node-positive-head-and-neck-cancer-and-a-good-performance-status
#19
Natalie M Lowe, Jonathan M Bernstein, Kathleen Mais, Kate Garcez, Lip W Lee, Andrew Sykes, David J Thomson, Jarrod J Homer, Catharine M West, Nicholas J Slevin
PURPOSE: The benefit of adding docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (TPF) induction chemotherapy to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains uncertain. We aimed to investigate whether ICT is well tolerated when given with prophylactic treatment against predicted adverse effects and which patients benefit most. METHODS: A single-centre audit identified 132 HNSCC patients with stage IVa/b neck node-positive disease, prescribed TPF followed by CRT...
February 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200204/thyroid-hormone-inhibits-lung-fibrosis-in-mice-by-improving-epithelial-mitochondrial-function
#20
Guoying Yu, Argyris Tzouvelekis, Rong Wang, Jose D Herazo-Maya, Gabriel H Ibarra, Anup Srivastava, Joao Pedro Werneck de Castro, Giuseppe DeIuliis, Farida Ahangari, Tony Woolard, Nachelle Aurelien, Rafael Arrojo E Drigo, Ye Gan, Morven Graham, Xinran Liu, Robert J Homer, Thomas S Scanlan, Praveen Mannam, Patty J Lee, Erica L Herzog, Antonio C Bianco, Naftali Kaminski
Thyroid hormone (TH) is critical for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis during stress responses, but its role in lung fibrosis is unknown. Here we found that the activity and expression of iodothyronine deiodinase 2 (DIO2), an enzyme that activates TH, were higher in lungs from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis than in control individuals and were correlated with disease severity. We also found that Dio2-knockout mice exhibited enhanced bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. Aerosolized TH delivery increased survival and resolved fibrosis in two models of pulmonary fibrosis in mice (intratracheal bleomycin and inducible TGF-β1)...
January 2018: Nature Medicine
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