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Diabetes type two children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772288/eating-patterns-and-food-intake-of-persons-with-type-1-diabetes-within-the-t1d-exchange
#1
Margaret A Powers, Robin L Gal, Crystal G Connor, Meg Mangan, David M Maahs, Mark A Clements, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
AIMS: To identify dietary intake and eating patterns of people with type 1 diabetes from childhood to later adulthood in relation to HbA1c. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted 24-hour recalls via phone utilizing a multiple pass approach and administered two nutrition questionnaires; 463 participants (or parents of participants) within the T1D Exchange clinic registry were included. Participants were 5 to 81 years with 80-101 participants in five age groups; 56% were female, and 92% were white, with a median diabetes duration of 11...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770124/does-family-history-of-obesity-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-diseases-influence-onset-and-severity-of-childhood-obesity
#2
Domenico Corica, Tommaso Aversa, Mariella Valenzise, Maria Francesca Messina, Angela Alibrandi, Filippo De Luca, Malgorzata Wasniewska
Objectives: The objectives were to evaluate (1) the metabolic profile and cardiometabolic risk in overweight/obese children at first assessment, stratifying patients according to severity of overweight and age; and (2) to investigate the relationship between family history (FH) for obesity and cardiometabolic diseases and severity of childhood obesity. Methods: In this cross-sectional, retrospective, observational study, 260 children (139 female), aged between 2...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758564/monogenic-diabetes-in-overweight-and-obese-youth-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-the-today-clinical-trial
#3
Jeffrey W Kleinberger, Kenneth C Copeland, Rachelle G Gandica, Morey W Haymond, Lynne L Levitsky, Barbara Linder, Alan R Shuldiner, Sherida Tollefsen, Neil H White, Toni I Pollin
PurposeMonogenic diabetes accounts for 1-2% of diabetes cases. It is often undiagnosed, which may lead to inappropriate treatment. This study was performed to estimate the prevalence of monogenic diabetes in a cohort of overweight/obese adolescents diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D).MethodsSequencing using a custom monogenic diabetes gene panel was performed on a racially/ethnically diverse cohort of 488 overweight/obese adolescents with T2D in the Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) clinical trial...
October 12, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731925/serum-apelin-a-new-marker-of-early-atherosclerosis-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Rania N Sabry, Maged A El Wakeel, Ghada M El-Kassas, Ahmed F Amer, Wael H El Batal, Salwa Refat El-Zayat, Mohamed Abou-El-Asrar
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases in children that may be complicated by micro or macrovascular complications. Measurement of the carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) allows the early detection of atherosclerotic alterations of blood vessels that may complicate T1DM. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study is a case-control study. Participants were classified into two groups. The first group included 40 children with T1DM and the second group included 30 matched healthy controls...
April 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730551/inpatient-care-expenditure-of-the-elderly-with-chronic-diseases-who-use-public-health-insurance-disparity-in-their-last-year-of-life
#5
Worawan Chandoevwit, Phasith Phatchana
The Thai elderly are eligible for the Civil Servant Medical Benefit Scheme (CS) or Universal Coverage Scheme (UCS) depending on their pre-retirement or their children work status. This study aimed to investigate the disparity in inpatient care expenditures in the last year of life among Thai elderly individuals who used the two public health insurance schemes. Using death registration and inpatient administrative data from 2007 to 2011, our subpopulation group included the elderly with four chronic disease groups: diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiovascular disease, heart disease, and cancer...
April 28, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728915/results-meta-analysis-and-a-first-evaluation-of-u-nox-r-the-urinary-nitrate-to-nitrite-molar-ratio-as-a-measure-of-nitrite-reabsorption-in-experimental-and-clinical-settings
#6
Dimitrios Tsikas, Erik Hanff, Alexander Bollenbach, Ruan Kruger, Vu Vi Pham, Kristine Chobanyan-Jürgens, Dirk Wedekind, Tanja Arndt, Anne Jörns, Jimmy F P Berbée, Hans M G Princen, Thomas Lücke, François Mariotti, Jean-François Huneau, Stefan Ückert, Jürgen C Frölich, Sigurd Lenzen
We recently found that renal carbonic anhydrase (CA) is involved in the reabsorption of inorganic nitrite (NO2 - ), an abundant reservoir of nitric oxide (NO) in tissues and cells. Impaired NO synthesis in the endothelium and decreased NO bioavailability in the circulation are considered major contributors to the development and progression of renal and cardiovascular diseases in different conditions including diabetes. Isolated human and bovine erythrocytic CAII and CAIV can convert nitrite to nitrous acid (HONO) and its anhydride N2 O3 which, in the presence of thiols (RSH), are further converted to S-nitrosothiols (RSNO) and NO...
May 4, 2018: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678853/red-cell-distribution-width-is-an-independent-risk-factor-of-patients-with-renal-function-damage-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-of-children-in-china
#7
Junfeng Zhang, Jiajia Cao, Wenjian Nie, Hongqiang Shen, Xu Hui
AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate whether red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with renal function damage in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) of children in China. METHODS: We used urine albumin-creatinine ratio to define microalbuminuria (MAU). A total of 170 patients were recruited in the study including 88 patients with MAU and 82 patients without MAU. Clinical and laboratory data of two groups were compared. RESULTS: The present study demonstrated that the RDW values were significantly higher in patients with MAU than those without MAU...
March 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675980/longitudinal-assessment-of-hippocampus-structure-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#8
Lara C Foland-Ross, Allan L Reiss, Paul K Mazaika, Nelly Mauras, Stuart A Weinzimer, Tandy Aye, Michael J Tansey, Neil H White
The extant literature finds that children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) experience mild cognitive alterations compared to healthy age-matched controls. The neural basis of these cognitive differences is unclear but may relate in part to the effects of dysglycemia on the developing brain. We investigated longitudinal changes in hippocampus volume in young children with early-onset T1D. Structural magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired from 142 children with T1D and 65 age-matched control subjects (4-10 years of age at study entry) at two time points, 18 months apart...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673333/protocol-for-the-chord-project-community-health-outreach-to-reduce-diabetes-a-cluster-randomized-community-health-worker-trial-to-prevent-diabetes
#9
Nadia Islam, Thomas Gepts, Isaac Lief, Radhika Gore, Natalie Levy, Michael Tanner, Yixin Fang, Scott E Sherman, Mark D Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) affects 9.4% of US adults and children, while another 33.9% of Americans are at risk of DM. Health care institutions face many barriers to systematically delivering the preventive care needed to decrease DM incidence. Community health workers (CHWs) may, as frontline public health workers bridging clinic and community, help overcome these challenges. This paper presents the protocol for a pragmatic, cluster-randomized trial integrating CHWs into two primary care clinics to support DM prevention for at-risk patients...
April 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672623/impaired-vibrotactile-sense-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-signs-of-peripheral-neuropathy
#10
Erik Ising, Lars B Dahlin, Helena Elding Larsson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether multi-frequency vibrometry can identify individuals with elevated vibration perception thresholds (VPTs), reflecting impaired vibrotactile sense, among children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In 72 pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes, VPTs were evaluated for seven frequencies on two sites of the hand, and five frequencies on two sites of the foot. Z-scores, based on previously collected reference data, were calculated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667488/testing-the-theory-of-resilience-and-relational-load-trrl-in-families-with-type-i-diabetes
#11
Tamara Afifi, Douglas Granger, Anne Ersig, Eva Tsalikian, Ariana Shahnazi, Sharde Davis, Kathryn Harrison, Michelle Acevedo Callejas, Audrey Scranton
The theory of resilience and relational load was tested with 60 couples and their adolescent children (ages 11-18) with type I diabetes (T1D). The couples participated in a stress-inducing conversation task in their home, followed by a random assignment to a two-week intervention designed to increase their relationship maintenance. Before the intervention, stronger communal orientation predicted greater maintenance for husbands and wives, but maintenance only reduced T1D stress for wives. The wives' and adolescents' T1D stress were also correlated, but the husbands' T1D stress was not significantly associated with either of them...
April 18, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656367/the-impact-of-coping-patterns-and-chronic-health-conditions-on-health-related-quality-of-life-among-children-and-adolescents
#12
Sabrina Oppenheimer, Orit Krispin, Sigal Levy, Maayan Ozeri, Alan Apter
This study examined the relationship among chronic disease, coping strategy patterns, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among children and adolescents. The cohort included 273 Israeli children and adolescents aged 8-18 years diagnosed with asthma, diabetes mellitus, or celiac disease. All completed the Coping with a Disease Questionnaire (CODI) and the DISABKIDS Chronic Generic Measure (DCGM-37). The outcome measures were as follows: association of the use of effective and non-effective coping strategies with type of disease; predictive value of coping patterns for health-related quality of life; a European sample was used for comparison...
April 14, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619150/effects-of-mothers-knowledge-and-coping-strategies-on-the-glycemic-control-of-their-diabetic-children-in-egypt
#13
Eman Mohamed Mahfouz, Nashwa Nabil Kamal, Eman Sameh Mohammed, Sara Ahmed Refaei
Background: This study aimed to examine the relationship between mothers' knowledge related to treatment management of type 1 diabetes (T1D), with perceptions of coping with diabetes-related stress and to examine the relationship between children's metabolic control and maternal coping. A cross-sectional study was done among ninety-two mothers of T1D children. Methods: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire, Ways of coping questionnaire (WCQ), and Diabetes Knowledge questionnaire-24 (DKQ-24)...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614081/genetic-scores-to-stratify-risk-of-developing-multiple-islet-autoantibodies-and-type-1-diabetes-a-prospective-study-in-children
#14
Ezio Bonifacio, Andreas Beyerlein, Markus Hippich, Christiane Winkler, Kendra Vehik, Michael N Weedon, Michael Laimighofer, Andrew T Hattersley, Jan Krumsiek, Brigitte I Frohnert, Andrea K Steck, William A Hagopian, Jeffrey P Krischer, Åke Lernmark, Marian J Rewers, Jin-Xiong She, Jorma Toppari, Beena Akolkar, Richard A Oram, Stephen S Rich, Anette-G Ziegler
BACKGROUND: Around 0.3% of newborns will develop autoimmunity to pancreatic beta cells in childhood and subsequently develop type 1 diabetes before adulthood. Primary prevention of type 1 diabetes will require early intervention in genetically at-risk infants. The objective of this study was to determine to what extent genetic scores (two previous genetic scores and a merged genetic score) can improve the prediction of type 1 diabetes. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study followed genetically at-risk children at 3- to 6-monthly intervals from birth for the development of islet autoantibodies and type 1 diabetes...
April 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607837/oral-health-and-glycosylated-hemoglobin-among-type-1-diabetes-children-in-south-india
#15
K Vidya, Prakashchandra Shetty, Latha Anandakrishna
Background: The study was an attempt to evaluate the relationship between oral health status and the level of glycemic control in type 1 diabetes patients. Methods: The study was carried out in 87 children with type 1 diabetes, aged 8-16 years, attending a diabetes specialty hospital. The oral health of these patients was measured using the WHO 1997 Oral Health Survey criteria for diagnosis of dental caries, gingival index, and plaque index. Samples were then divided into two groups as controlled (≤6...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606015/avoidant-coping-moderates-the-relationship-between-paternal-involvement-in-the-child-s-type-1-diabetes-t1d-care-and-parenting-stress
#16
Ashley Teasdale, Christine Limbers
Fathers may experience greater parenting stress and anxiety when they are more involved in their child's type 1 diabetes (T1D) care. The present study evaluated whether seeking social support and avoidant coping strategies moderate the relationship between paternal involvement in the child's T1D care and parenting stress in an international sample. Two hundred forty-nine fathers of young children with T1D completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI), Pediatric Inventory for Parents (PIP), Dads' Active Disease Support scale (DADS), COPE Inventory, Self-Care Inventory (SCI-R), and a demographic questionnaire online...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596460/low-carbohydrate-diets-for-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#17
Jessica L Turton, Ron Raab, Kieron B Rooney
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition characterised by pancreatic beta cell destruction and absolute insulin deficiency. The strongest predictor of diabetes complications is glycaemic control and achieving HbA1c ≤ 7.0% is the primary management target. However, standard treatment appears to be lacking and adjunctive strategies require consideration. A systematic review was conducted to examine the effect of low-carbohydrate diets on type 1 diabetes management. Four databases were searched from inception until 28 March 2017: MEDLINE; CINAHL; Cochrane Library; and EMBASE...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573084/the-clinician-factor-personality-characteristics-of-clinicians-and-their-impact-upon-clinical-outcomes-in-the-management-of-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Fergus J Cameron, Ellyn Russel, Julia McCombe, Michele A O'Connell, Timothy Skinner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate clinician qualities that influence metabolic outcomes in youth with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were gathered over two 3 month periods in a large tertiary diabetes center (1500 patients, 8 clinicians) from patients with type 1 diabetes who received continuous care from each clinician. Data included sex, age, diabetes duration, insulin regimen, body mass index (BMI), insulin dose and episodes of severe hypoglycemia...
March 23, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554811/early-glycaemic-control-for-maintaining-visual-function-in-type-1-diabetes-the-oulu-cohort-study-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#19
Nina Hautala, Mira Siiskonen, Virva Hannula, Kaisu Järvinen, Aura Falck
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual function and the ophthalmic status of young Finnish adults with long duration of type 1 diabetes in relation to the history of the metabolic control. METHODS: A population-based cohort of children with type 1 diabetes examined in the Northern Ostrobothnia hospital district in 1989 (n = 216) was re-examined 18 years later. High-contrast visual acuity (best-corrected visual acuity), contrast sensitivity, refractive error, lens status, intraocular pressure, stage of diabetic retinopathy and received treatments were evaluated...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548694/opportunities-for-earlier-diagnosis-of-type-1-diabetes-in-children-a-case-control-study-using-routinely-collected-primary-care-records
#20
Joseph Jonathan Lee, Matthew James Thompson, Juliet Alexandra Usher-Smith, Constantinos Koshiaris, Ann Van den Bruel
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) suggests diagnostic delays may contribute to children developing diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis. We sought to quantify opportunities for earlier diagnosis of T1DM in primary care. METHODS: A matched case-control study of children (0-16 years) presenting to UK primary care, examining routinely collected primary care consultation types and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) warning signs in the 13 weeks before diagnosis...
June 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
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