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Diabetes type two children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113123/high-neonatal-blood-iron-content-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-childhood-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Julie Nyholm Kyvsgaard, Anne Julie Overgaard, Steffen Ullitz Thorsen, Thomas Hesselhøj Hansen, Christian Bressen Pipper, Henrik Bindesbøl Mortensen, Flemming Pociot, Jannet Svensson
(1) Background: Iron requirement increases during pregnancy and iron supplementation is therefore recommended in many countries. However, excessive iron intake may lead to destruction of pancreatic β-cells. Therefore, we aim to test if higher neonatal iron content in blood is associated with the risk of developing type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) in childhood; (2) Methods: A case-control study was conducted, including 199 children diagnosed with T1D before the age of 16 years from 1991 to 2005 and 199 controls matched on date of birth...
November 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103210/insulin-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#2
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Luke Grzeskowiak, Kathryn Williamson, Michelle R Downie, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Women who are unable to maintain their blood glucose concentration within pre-specified treatment targets with diet and lifestyle interventions will require anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. This review explores the safety and effectiveness of insulin compared with oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies, non-pharmacological interventions and insulin regimens...
November 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098322/maternal-obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-early-childhood-type-1-diabetes-a-nationwide-prospective-population-based-case-control-study
#3
Nina Lindell, Annelie Carlsson, Ann Josefsson, Ulf Samuelsson
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Genetic and environmental factors are believed to cause type 1 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of maternal BMI and gestational weight gain on the subsequent risk of childhood type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Children in the Swedish National Quality Register for Diabetes in Children were matched with control children from the Swedish Medical Birth Register. Children were included whose mothers had data available on BMI in early pregnancy and gestational weight gain, giving a total of 16,179 individuals: 3231 children with type 1 diabetes and 12,948 control children...
November 2, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090734/physical-exercise-training-for-cystic-fibrosis
#4
REVIEW
Thomas Radtke, Sarah J Nevitt, Helge Hebestreit, Susi Kriemler
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise training may form an important part of regular care for people with cystic fibrosis. This is an update of a previously published review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of physical exercise training on exercise capacity by peak oxygen consumption, pulmonary function by forced expiratory volume in one second, health-related quality of life and further important patient-relevant outcomes in people with cystic fibrosis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group Trials Register which comprises references identified from comprehensive electronic database searches and handsearches of relevant journals and abstract books of conference proceedings...
November 1, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082895/time-trends-regional-variability-and-seasonality-regarding-the-incidence-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-romanian-children-aged-0-14-years-between-1996-and-2015
#5
Adrian Vlad, Viorel Serban, Anders Green, Soren Moller, Mihaela Vlad, Bogdan Timar, Alexandra Sima
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children is highly variable in the world. The aim of our study was to analyze the evolution of the incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes in Romania between 1996 and 2015, and to search for differences amongst age groups, gender, geographic regions and month of diagnosis. METHODS: All new cases of type 1 diabetes, aged <15 years, diagnosed by two independent sources, were included in the study. The statistical methods included modeling of the incidence rates, adjusting for age groups, sex, calendar year, geographic region and seasonality...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081069/different-methods-and-settings-for-glucose-monitoring-for-gestational-diabetes-during-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Puvaneswary Raman, Emily Shepherd, Therese Dowswell, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide. Blood glucose monitoring plays a crucial part in maintaining glycaemic control in women with GDM and is generally recommended by healthcare professionals. There are several different methods for monitoring blood glucose which can be carried out in different settings (e.g. at home versus in hospital). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to compare the effects of different methods and settings for glucose monitoring for women with GDM on maternal and fetal, neonatal, child and adult outcomes, and use and costs of health care...
October 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077565/-risk-factors-for-atherosclerosis-in-obese-children-aged-6-12-years
#7
Alicja Karney, Hanna Brągoszewska, Leszek Soluch, Mariusz Ołtarzewski
Obesity in children causes metabolic and structural changes in blood vessels which lead to the development of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the risk factors for atherosclerosis in obese children studied in the One-Day Hospitalization Department of the Institute of Mother and Child. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 75 children aged 6-12 years (36 boys, 39 girls) with aBMI>97th percentile. The control group consisted of 36 children aged 5-10 years (18 boys, 18 girls) with a BMI of 75-90...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027597/lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-activity-in-obese-adolescents-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes
#8
Julia Seyfarth, Thomas Reinehr, Annika Hoyer, Christina Reinauer, Christina Bächle, Beate Karges, Ertan Mayatepek, Michael Roden, Sabine E Hofer, Susanna Wiegand, Joachim Woelfle, Wieland Kiess, Joachim Rosenbauer, Reinhard W Holl, Thomas Meissner
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) was identified as a strong predictor for cardiovascular events. Furthermore, it is highly associated with obesity. The role of Lp-PLA2 in diabetes mellitus is controversial and analyses, especially in adolescents with type 2 diabetes (T2D), are missing. Therefore, we compared Lp-PLA2 activity between two obese age-, sex-, and BMI-matched cohorts of adolescents with and without T2D. Relationships between Lp-PLA2 activity and age, BMI, hemoglobin A1c, lipids, and adipokines were evaluated...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026747/acanthosis-nigricans-a-screening-test-for-insulin-resistance-an-important-risk-factor-for-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#9
Meera Bhagyanathan, Deepak Dhayanithy, Vijayan Ampaya Parambath, R Bijayraj
BACKGROUND: Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is one of the signs suggestive of high insulin resistance (IR). IR is one of the mechanisms involved in pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus type-2 (DM Type-2). Thus, early detection of IR in children may allow us time to intervene well before the development of DM Type-2. In this study, 62% of children having AN had high IR. In children having both, AN and high body mass index (BMI), the incidence of IR was about 80%. This suggests that these easily detectable parameters alone can be useful in screening children at high risk of developing DM Type-2 in future...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022248/coxsackievirus-b4-as-a-causative-agent-of-diabetes-mellitus-type-1-is-there-a-role-of-inefficiently-treated-drinking-water-and-sewage-in-virus-spreading
#10
Waled M El-Senousy, Adel Abdel-Moneim, Mahmoud Abdel-Latif, Mohamed H El-Hefnawy, Rehab G Khalil
This study proposed to detect the enterovirus (EV) infection in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) and to assess the role of insufficiently treated water and sewage as sources of viral spreading. Three hundred and eighty-two serum specimens of children with T1D, one hundred serum specimens of children who did not suffer from T1D as control, and forty-eight water and sewage samples were screened for EV RNA using nested RT-PCR. The number of genome copies and infectious units of EVs in raw and treated sewage and water samples were investigated using real-time (RT)-PCR and plaque assay, respectively...
October 11, 2017: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020674/obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-two-diseases-with-a-need-for-combined-treatment-strategies-easo-can-lead-the-way
#11
Deborah R Leitner, Gema Frühbeck, Volkan Yumuk, Karin Schindler, Dragan Micic, Euan Woodward, Hermann Toplak
Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease affecting adults and children worldwide. It has become one of the leading causes of death, as obesity is known to be the main risk factor for a number of non-communicable diseases, in particular type 2 diabetes. This close relationship led to the connotation 'diabesity', highlighting the fact that the majority of individuals with diabetes are overweight or obese. Until today the BMI is still used to classify overweight and obesity. Since reduced muscle mass is highly prevalent throughout the BMI range, the measurement of body composition is strongly recommended...
October 12, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017892/muscle-functions-and-bone-strength-are-impaired-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
Klara Maratova, Ondrej Soucek, Jana Matyskova, Zdenek Hlavka, Lenka Petruzelkova, Barbora Obermannova, Stepanka Pruhova, Stanislava Kolouskova, Zdenek Sumnik
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia and osteoporosis are among the late complications of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in adults. Whether and to what extent musculoskeletal impairment is present in childhood and adolescence has yet to be determined. The aim of this study was to assess volumetric bone mineral density (BMD) and dynamic muscle function in adolescents with T1D and to assess the clinical and biochemical predictors of their musculoskeletal system. METHODS: Ninety-five children and adolescents (59 boys and 36 girls, mean age 16...
October 7, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993655/climates-on-incidence-of-childhood-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-72-countries
#13
Yin-Ling Chen, Yong-Cheng Huang, Yong-Chao Qiao, Wei Ling, Yan-Hong Pan, Li-Jun Geng, Jian-Long Xiao, Xiao-Xi Zhang, Hai-Lu Zhao
We are aimed to systematically assess the worldwide trend in incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus (CT1DM) from 1965 to 2012 and to discuss whether climate affect incidence of CT1DM. We searched the relevant literatures in detail to judge the effect of different climates on incidence of CT1DM. The climates included Mediterranean, monsoon, oceanic, continental, savanna, and rainforest. According to different climates, we further researched relevant factor such as sunshine durations and latitudes. The overall incidence of CT1DM in 72 countries was 11...
October 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990147/pandemrix%C3%A2-vaccination-is-not-associated-with-increased-risk-of-islet-autoimmunity-or-type-1-diabetes-in-the-teddy-study-children
#14
Helena Elding Larsson, Kristian F Lynch, Maria Lönnrot, Michael J Haller, Åke Lernmark, William A Hagopian, Jin-Xiong She, Olli Simell, Jorma Toppari, Anette-G Ziegler, Beena Akolkar, Jeffrey P Krischer, Marian J Rewers, Heikki Hyöty
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: During the A/H1N1 2009 (A/California/04/2009) pandemic, mass vaccination with a squalene-containing vaccine, Pandemrix®, was performed in Sweden and Finland. The vaccination was found to cause narcolepsy in children and young adults with the HLA-DQ 6.2 haplotype. The aim of this study was to investigate if exposure to Pandemrix® similarly increased the risk of islet autoimmunity or type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study, children are followed prospectively for the development of islet autoimmunity and type 1 diabetes...
October 9, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989872/current-indicators-of-nutritional-care-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-in-india-do-we-need-a-national-nutritional-guideline
#15
Sanjay Kalra, Ashok Kumar Das, P Raghupathy, Subhankar Chowdhury, Banshi D Saboo, P Dinakaran, Shuchy Chugh
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is an important pillar of management in children with type 1 diabetes. Indian food is heavily influenced by region, religion, traditions, seasons, and cultural choices. This survey was done to assess current practices and the need for India specific nutritional guidelines for children with type 1 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two 12-item questionnaires were administered to forty health-care professionals across India. The first questionnaire evaluated current clinical practice indicators for nutrition in these children and second assessed practices for counseling a child on dietary habits...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989569/clinical-profile-of-diabetes-at-diagnosis-among-children-and-adolescents-at-an-endocrine-clinic-in-ghana
#16
Emmanuel Ameyaw, Serwah B Asafo-Agyei, Sumithira Thavapalan, Angela C Middlehurst, Graham D Ogle
AIM: To determine the clinical features of diabetes in children and adolescents in Ghana. METHODS: Retrospective review of clinical features of all children and adolescents with new-onset diabetes seen at the paediatric endocrinology clinic of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, from February 2012 to Auguest 2016. RESULTS: One hundred and six subjects presented with diabetes. Ninety (84.9%) were diagnosed by clinical features and family history as type 1, and 16 (15...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988224/oral-health-status-of-children-with-type-1-diabetes-a-comparative-study
#17
Ahmad Faisal Ismail, Colman Patrick McGrath, Cynthia K Y Yiu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the oral health status of children with type 1 diabetes and healthy controls. METHODS: This comparative study involved 64 children, 32 children with type 1 diabetes and 32 age- and gender-matched controls. Oral health examination was conducted using WHO criteria. Dental caries experience was recorded using DMFT/dmft index and periodontal parameters were assessed using plaque, gingivitis, gingival bleeding and calculus indexes...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963690/new-medical-risks-affecting-obstetrics-after-implementation-of-the-two-child-policy-in-china
#18
Qiang Li, Dongrui Deng
China recently instituted a two-child policy in response to its aging population, declining workforce and demographic dividend, and the need to develop asocial economy. Additionally, women generally delay having a second child because of the overwhelming pressure in their lives. With the improvements in assisted fertility technologies in recent years, the number of elderly women attempting to bear children has increased. The quality of woman's eggs and a man's sperm declined dramatically with increasing age, leading to an increased risk of pregnancy-related complications among older women...
September 30, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952380/in-silico-modeling-of-minimal-effective-insulin-doses-using-the-uva-padova-type-1-diabetes-simulator
#19
Enrique Campos-Náñez, Jennifer E Layne, Howard C Zisser
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify the minimum basal insulin infusion rates and bolus insulin doses that would result in clinically relevant changes in blood glucose levels in the most insulin sensitive subjects with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: The UVA/PADOVA Type 1 Diabetes Simulator in silico population of children, adolescents, and adults was administered a basal insulin infusion rate to maintain blood glucose concentrations at 120 mg/dL (6...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948172/incidence-and-mortality-rates-and-clinical-characteristics-of-type-1-diabetes-among-children-and-young-adults-in-cochabamba-bolivia
#20
Elizabeth Duarte Gómez, Gabriel Andrew Gregory, Miriam Castrati Nostas, Angela Christine Middlehurst, Alicia Josephine Jenkins, Graham David Ogle
OBJECTIVES: To determine incidence, mortality, and clinical status of youth with diabetes at the Centro Vivir con Diabetes, Cochabamba, Bolivia, with support from International Diabetes Federation Life for a Child Program. METHODS: Incidence/mortality data analysis of all cases (<25 year (y)) diagnosed January 2005-February 2017 and cross-sectional data (December 2015). RESULTS: Over 12.2 years, 144 cases with type 1 diabetes (T1D) were diagnosed; 43...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
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