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Dental implant connection

Jonas Lorenz, Mike Barbeck, Charles James Kirkpatrick, Robert Sader, Henriette Lerner, Shahram Ghanaati
PURPOSE: In this prospective study, the regenerative potential and pathways of a new injectable bone substitute (IBS) material composed of beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and hyaluronan were investigated for its application in alveolar bone regeneration within extraction sockets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The bone substitute material was implanted in 44 extraction sockets after removal of teeth not worth preserving in the maxillary and mandibular arches of 21 patients...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Renzo Guarnieri, Maurizio Grande, Francesco Zuffetti, Tiziano Testori
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the incidence of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis around dental implants with the same body design and surface but different collar surface (laser-microgrooved vs not laser-microgrooved) after 5 years of loading in private practice patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on patients at a private dental clinic enrolled in a periodontal maintenance program, who received at least one implant with a laser-microgrooved collar surface and one implant without a laser-microgrooved collar surface...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Valessa F Carvalho, Priscilla Bf Soares, Crisnicaw Verissimo, Roberto S Pessoa, Antheunis Versluis, Carlos J Soares
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate mouthguard shock absorption ability, strain, and stress generation during impact on dental implants placed in the anterior maxilla. The mouthguard material was also characterized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty experimental models were created and divided into six groups (n = 10): implant type, external hexagon (EH) and Morse taper (MT); without and with two mouthguards (MTG), EVA custom-fitted (Ct-MTG) and standard self-adapted (St-MTG)...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Daniele Botticelli, Vittoria Perrotti, Adriano Piattelli, Giovanna Iezzi
The aim of the present study was a histologic and histomorphometric analysis of the peri-implant tissue reactions and of the bone-titanium interface in successfully osseointegrated, clinically stable, and immobile retrieved titanium dental implants after a long loading period. Four successfully osseointegrated and stable implants with a sandblasted surface were retrieved from a patient due to fracture, two after 14 years of loading and two after 17 years. None of these implants has been previously reported...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Tatiana Miranda Deliberador, Gilmar José Begnini, Flávia Tomazinho, Carlos Eduardo Edwards Rezende, Fernando Luis Esteban Florez, Denise Piotto Leonardi
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Immediate placement and provisionalization of implants in fresh sockets has been previously demonstrated to be a predictable treatment in the restoration of non-recoverable teeth in the anterior regions of the maxilla. PURPOSE: This article reports a clinical case in which an immediate implant placement protocol was used in combination with two distinct and sequential grafts (bovine bone and connective tissue, respectively) followed by immediate implant provisionalization using the patient's crown of an extracted tooth...
March 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Tassos Irinakis, Salwa Aldahlawi
Achieving symmetry of the soft-tissue margins between anterior maxillary dental-implant restorations and adjacent teeth is a therapeutic challenge for both the implant surgeon and the restorative dentist. This article describes a modified procedure utilizing autogenous connective-tissue grafts to improve primarily buccal soft-tissue margins and secondarily inter-proximal tissues around tooth-bound single dental implants. This technique has the advantage of allowing for coronal augmentation of the peri-implant soft tissue while maximizing the blood supply to the area by using tunneling-technique principles...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
E Velasco-Ortega, E Wojtovicz, A España-Lopez, A Jimenez-Guerra, L Monsalve-Guil, I Ortiz-Garcia, M-A Serrera-Figallo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to report the outcome of treatment with implants inserted after tooth extraction and immediately loaded. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-six patients with single tooth loss were treated with 116 IPX Galimplant® implants with internal connections and a sandblasted, acid-etched surface. All implants were placed after tooth extraction using a flapless approach without bone regeneration, and they were then immediately loaded with cemented acrylic prostheses...
February 24, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Gustavo Da Dos Santos Pinto, Suzane Cristina Pigossi, Tércio Pessoa, Lélis Gustavo Nícoli, Raphael Ferreira de Souza Bezerra Araújo, Cláudio Marcantonio, Elcio Marcantonio
PURPOSE: The aim of this case report was to demonstrate the repair of a large sinus membrane perforation related to a sinus floor augmentation procedure, using leukocyte platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF), for subsequent rehabilitation of a partially edentulous patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient presented the absence of teeth numbers 18, 17, and 16, associated with insufficient bone height because of the maxillary sinus pneumatization. A maxillary inlay bone graft was proposed, however, during the sinus floor augmentation procedure, a large portion of the sinus membrane was ruptured...
February 16, 2018: Implant Dentistry
R M Gaudio, L Ottria, D Lauritano, A Palmieri, F Cura, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
Implant dentistry has become one of the most successful techniques for oral rehabilitation over the last 20 years. The success rate of implant oral rehabilitation is above 80% while peri-implant disease (PID) is the most important complication of implant dentistry. The main cause of PID is considered bacterial leakage at the implant-abutment connection of a two-piece implant system. Prevention and control of bacterial leakage at the implant-abutment connection is mandatory for reducing inflammation process around implants neck and achieving bone stability...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Renzo Guarnieri, Luca Testarelli, Luigi Stefanelli, Francesca De Angelis, Francesca Mencio, Giorgio Pompa, Stefano Di Carlo
Objectives: The present paper reports data of a randomized study aimed to analyse and compare the histologic and histomorphometric aspects of bone healing in extraction sites covered with collagen membrane alone or associated with porcine-derived bone graft. Material and Methods: Thirty patients, with single extraction sockets without severe bone wall defects in the premolar/molar region, were included. Ten extraction sockets were grafted with porcine-derived bone and covered with collagen membrane (group 1), 10 sites were covered with collagen membrane alone (group 2), and 10 sites healed spontaneously (group 3)...
October 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
Mohammed Hussein M Alsharbaty, Marzieh Alikhasi, Simindokht Zarrati, Ahmed Reza Shamshiri
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of a digital implant impression technique using a TRIOS 3Shape intraoral scanner (IOS) compared to conventional implant impression techniques (pick-up and transfer) in clinical situations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients who had two implants (Implantium, internal connection) ranging in diameter between 3.8 and 4.8 mm in posterior regions participated in this study after signing a consent form. Thirty-six reference models (RM) were fabricated by attaching two impression copings intraorally, splinted with autopolymerizing acrylic resin, verified by sectioning through the middle of the index, and rejoined again with freshly mixed autopolymerizing acrylic resin pattern (Pattern Resin) with the brush bead method...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Mario Caicedo-Rubio, Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a rare autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder in wich, the bone quality and density is affected. OI includes some metabolic disorders and have a wide range of clinical presentations. In Osteogenesis Imperfecta bone has a very low density and it is a disorder currently treated with bisphosphonates. Quality and quantity of bone is important for establishment of osseointegration in dental implants. There are few reported cases in the literature. This is a case report of a 61 year-old man with grade IV OI, rehabilitated with implant-supported fixed prostheses in the posterior right and left mandible, whithout bone grafts...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Neel B Bhatavadekar, Amit S Gharpure
Subepithelial connective tissue grafts (SCTGs) have been extensively used to augment soft-tissue volume on dental implants and natural teeth. The authors present a technique called the controlled palatal harvest (CPH) to obtain SCTGs. CPH provides an alternative to the trap-door and single-incision techniques currently utilized. The objective of this article is to describe this harvesting technique for SCTGs. A case report is presented in which the CPH technique was successfully used to obtain a SCTG. Contrary to current techniques where the SCTG is usually taken from the palatal (bone) side, this technique involves the dissection of a thick split-thickness flap in which the graft is harvested from the raised flap...
February 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Kivovics Márton, Szabó Bence Tamás, Németh Orsolya, Czinkóczky Béla, Dőri Ferenc, Nagy Péter, Dobó-Nagy Csaba, Csönge Lajos, Lacza Zsombor, Mijiritsky Eitan, Szabó György
Serum albumin has been identified as an endogenous protein that is integral to early bone regeneration. We hypothesized that albumin addition to allografts may result in better bone remodeling than what can be achieved with anorganic xenografts. Sinus elevations were performed at 32 sites of 18 patients with the lateral window technique. Sites either received filling with an anorganic bovine bone mineral (ABBM, BioOss, Geistlich, CH) or albumin impregnated allograft (BoneAlbumin, OrthoSera, AT). After 6-months patients received dental implants and 16 bone core biopsy samples were obtained from the ABBM filled, and 16 from the BoneAlbumin augmented sites...
January 28, 2018: Materials
Catharina Göthberg, Kerstin Gröndahl, Omar Omar, Peter Thomsen, Christer Slotte
BACKGROUND: Data on risk factors and complications after long-term implant treatment is limited. The aims were to evaluate the role of various fixation modes and to analyze complications and risks that affect long-term use of implant-supported partial fixed dental prostheses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty partially edentulous subjects received three Brånemark TiUnite™ implants. Superstructures were attached directly at implant level (IL) or via abutments: machined surface (AM) and an oxidized surface (AOX, TiUnite™)...
January 30, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
André Boziki Xavier do Carmo, Suelen Cristina Sartoretto, Adriana Terezinha Neves Novellino Alves, José Mauro Granjeiro, Fúlvio Borges Miguel, Jose Calasans-Maia, Monica Diuana Calasans-Maia
This study aimed to evaluate bone repair in rat dental sockets after implanting nanostructured carbonated hydroxyapatite/sodium alginate (CHA) and nanostructured carbonated hydroxyapatite/sodium alginate containing 5% strontium microspheres (SrCHA) as bone substitute materials. Twenty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two experimental groups: CHA and SrCHA (n=5/period/group). After one and 6 weeks of extraction of the right maxillary central incisor and biomaterial implantation, 5 μm bone blocks were obtained for histomorphometric evaluation...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
João Malta Barbosa, Daniel Navarro da Rocha, Ronaldo Hirata, Gileade Freitas, Estevam A Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho
PURPOSE: To evaluate the probability of survival and failure modes of different external hexagon connection systems restored with anterior cement-retained single-unit crowns. The postulated null hypothesis was that there would be no differences under accelerated life testing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four external hexagon dental implants (∼4 mm diameter) were used for single cement-retained crown replacement and divided into 3 groups: (3i) Full OSSEOTITE, Biomet 3i (n = 18); (OL) OEX P4, Osseolife Implants (n = 18); and (IL) Unihex, Intra-Lock International (n = 18)...
January 17, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Ernest Rojo, Giorgio Stroppa, Ignacio Sanz-Martin, Oscar Gonzalez-Martín, Antonio Santos Alemany, José Nart
AIM: To compare the soft tissue volume gain (VG) around single tooth implants with subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) from either the lateral palate (LP) or from the tuberosity area (TA). METHODS: 32 patients with 36 implants with buccal volume deficiencies were randomly assigned to receive SCTG from LP (control group/CG) or TA (test group/TG). Clinical parameters were recorded and volume gain was evaluated by STL image superimposition of 2 intraoral scans (baseline/BL and 3 months after surgery/FU-3)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Cristina Valles, Xavier Rodríguez-Ciurana, Marco Clementini, Mariana Baglivo, Blanca Paniagua, Jose Nart
AIM: The aim of this article is to systematically review the effect of subcrestal implant placement compared with equicrestal position on hard and soft tissues around dental implants with platform switch. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A manual and electronic search (National Library of Medicine and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) was performed for animal and human studies published up to December 2016. Primary outcome variable was marginal bone level (MBL) and secondary outcomes were crestal bone level (CBL), soft tissue dimensions (barrier epithelium, connective tissue, and peri-implant mucosa), and changes in the position of soft tissue margin...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Todd R Schoenbaum, Richard G Stevenson, Eric Balinghasay
Clinicians commonly contend that the screw-retained, implant-supported fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) should be fabricated with all nonengaging abutments to allow for the inherent nonparallelism of the implants and the inability of the abutment connections to draw together during insertion and removal. The problem with a fully nonengaging FDP is difficulty in handling and more strain on the abutment screws, ultimately leading to increased rates of breakage and loosening. The hemi-engaging FDP design regains much of the advantage afforded by the internal connection and improves prosthetic handing both clinically and in the laboratory...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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