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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045823/the-retaining-ligament-of-the-anterior-digastric-muscle
#1
Matthew J Zdilla, Jordan V Swearingen, Kyle D Miller, Adam Bender-Heine, H Wayne Lambert
The anterior belly of the digastric muscle (ABDM) is important in numerous esthetic surgeries including rhytidectomy, alteration of the cervicomental angle via partial resection of the ABDM muscle belly, and suprahyoid muscular medialization and suspension. Recently, the connection between the ABDM and the mylohyoid muscle (MH) has been proposed as important for the mechanism of the digastric corset procedure. This report refers to the connection between the ABDM and the MH as a type of retaining ligament of the anterior digastric muscle (RLAD)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038321/barriers-beliefs-and-practice-patterns-for-breast-cancer-reconstruction-a-provincial-survey
#2
Christopher J Coroneos, Karina Roth-Albin, Ajit S Rai, Amrit S Rai, Sophocles H Voineskos, Melissa C Brouwers, Ronen Avram, Barbara Heller
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize beliefs and practice patterns for breast cancer reconstruction among physicians who treat patients with breast cancer, in order to delineate current clinical practice. This survey was administered prior to Cancer Care Ontario guideline publication. METHOD: Survey questions addressed four domains: survival, delayed or obscured recurrence detection, delayed adjuvant therapy, and aesthetics. The survey was administered to 1160 Ontario plastic and general surgeons and radiation and medical oncologists...
December 27, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033623/-consensus-of-the-deutsche-gesellschaft-der-plastischen-rekonstruktiven-und-%C3%A3-sthetischen-chirurgen-dgpr%C3%A3-c-on-autologous-fat-grafting
#3
R E Giunta, R E Horch, L Prantl, E M Baur, C Herold, L Kamolz, M Lehnhardt, E M Noah, O Rennekampff, D Richter, D J Schaefer, K Ueberreiter
On occasion of the Munich Plastic Symposium in Munich the board of the Deutsche Gesellschaft der Plastischen, Rekonstruktiven und Ästhetischen Chirurgen (DGPRÄC) together with a group of experts who were also involved in the preparation of the recently published S2K guideline "Autologous Fat Grafting", prepared a consensus statement from a plastic-surgical point of view so to evaluate current spects and taking into account the current legal framework: 1. Autologous Fat Grafting is a long established treatment in plastic surgery and does not differ from other tissue grafts...
December 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025622/a-comparison-of-barbed-sutures-and-standard-sutures-with-regard-to-wound-cosmesis-in-panniculectomy-and-reduction-mammoplasty-patients
#4
Kristen Aliano, Michael Trostler, Indira Michelle Fromm, Alexander Dagum, Sami Khan, Duc Bui
Cosmesis is a vital concern for patients undergoing plastic and reconstructive surgery. Many variations in wound closure are employed when attempting to minimize a surgical scar's appearance. Barbed sutures are one potential method of achieving improved wound cosmesis and are more common in recent years. To determine if barbed sutures differ from nonbarbed in wound cosmesis, we conducted a single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial of 18 patients undergoing bilateral reduction mammoplasty or panniculectomy...
2016: Plastic Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001261/evidences-of-autologous-fat-grafting-for-the-treatment-of-keloids-and-hypertrophic-scars
#5
Vinícius Zolezi DA Silva, Antonio Albacete, Grazielle DE Souza Horácio, Guilherme Augusto Magalhães DE Andrade, Leandro Debs Procópio, Pedro Soler Coltro, Jayme Adriano Farina
Introduction: Since the 1980s, the use of autologous fat grafting has been growing in plastic surgery. Recently, this procedure has come to be used as a treatment for keloids and hypertrophic scars mainly due to the lack of satisfactory results with other techniques. So far, however, it lacks more consistent scientific evidence to recommend its use. The aim of this study was to review the current state of autologous fat grafting for the treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars, their benefits and scientific evidences in the literature...
December 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000408/ancestral-variations-in-the-shape-and-size-of-the-zygoma
#6
Anna C Oettlé, Fabrice P Demeter, Ericka N L'abbé
The variable development of the zygoma, dictating its shape and size variations among ancestral groups, has important clinical implications and valuable anthropological and evolutionary inferences. The purpose of the study was to review the literature regarding the variations in the zygoma with ancestry. Ancestral variation in the zygoma reflects genetic variations because of genetic drift as well as natural selection and epigenetic changes to adapt to diet and climate variations with possible intensification by isolation...
January 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939100/single-pulse-electrical-stimulation-to-probe-functional-and-pathological-connectivity-in-epilepsy
#7
Riki Matsumoto, Takeharu Kunieda, Dileep Nair
In the last decade, single pulse electrical stimulation (SPES) has been used as an investigational tool in the field of epilepsy surgery. Direct cortical stimulation applied at a frequency of ∼1Hz can probe cortico-cortical connections by averaging electrocorticogram time-lock to the stimuli (2×20-30 trials). These evoked potentials that emanate from adjacent and remote cortices have been termed cortico-cortical evoked potentials (CCEPs). Although limited to patients undergoing invasive presurgical evaluations with intracranial electrodes, CCEP provides a novel way to explore inter-areal connectivity in vivo in the living human brain to probe functional brain networks such as language and cognitive motor networks...
November 14, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925313/isolation-proliferation-and-characterization-of-endometrial-canine-stem-cells
#8
V De Cesaris, S Grolli, C Bresciani, V Conti, G Basini, E Parmigiani, E Bigliardi
In the last decade, progenitor cells isolated from dissociated endometrial tissue have been the subject of many studies in several animal species. Recently, endometrial cells showing characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been demonstrated in human, pig and cow uterine tissue samples. The aim of this study was the isolation and characterization of stromal cells from the endometrium of healthy bitches, a tissue that after elective surgery is routinely discarded. Multipotent stromal cells could be isolated from all bitches enrolled in the study (n = 7)...
December 7, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892447/a-study-on-variations-of-nutrient-foramen-of-humerus-with-its-clinical-implications
#9
D I Mansur, P Manandhar, M K Haque, D K Mehta, S Duwal, B Timalsina
Background Nutrient foramen is an opening into shaft of humerus which gives passage to the blood vessels of medullary cavity. The knowledge of nutrient foramen is important in surgical procedures like bone grafting and more recently in microsurgical vascularized bone transplantation. Objective To determine the number, location and direction of nutrient foramen and whether the nutrient foramens obey the rule of ossification, that is directed away from the growing end of the bone or not. Method The present study consisted of 253 (108 right and 145 left) dried humeri excluding any fracture or pathological abnormalities during the period of 15th December 2014 - 14th February 2015...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886967/the-independent-plastic-surgery-match-analysis-of-changes-in-recent-years-and-applicant-preferences
#10
Ziyad S Hammoudeh, Gamal Mostafa, Michel Saint-Cyr, Karim Bakri, Samir Mardini
BACKGROUND: The number of surgical applicants to "independent" plastic surgery programs has drastically decreased. However, the competitiveness of recent applicants relative to previous years has not been assessed. The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of recent "independent" applicants and to obtain their preferences regarding the match. METHODS: A 25-question survey was distributed to 97 applicants of the 2012 "independent" match. The survey consisted of questions regarding demographics, academic qualifications, interview results, match results, program characteristic preferences, interview preferences, and future career plans...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879608/e-cigarettes-and-potential-implications-for-plastic-surgery
#11
Peter J Taub, Alan Matarasso
The use of tobacco-based products, most notably cigarettes, is related directly to wound healing problems and poorer outcomes in plastic surgery. Current abstracts have highlighted the potential complications from nicotine, specifically following plastic surgery in patients who choose to smoke. Recently, products that use electricity to vaporize liquid nitrogen have been gaining popularity. New rules were recently proposed that would give the federal government authority over electronic cigarettes. However, the health-related issues surrounding e-cigarettes are still largely unknown or misunderstood...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845053/endoscopic-step-up-approach-using-a-dedicated-biflanged-metal-stent-reduces-the-need-for-direct-necrosectomy-in-walled-off-necrosis-with-videos
#12
Sundeep Lakhtakia, Jahangeer Basha, Rupjyoti Talukdar, Rajesh Gupta, Zaheer Nabi, Mohan Ramchandani, B V N Kumar, Partha Pal, Rakesh Kalpala, P Manohar Reddy, R Pradeep, Jagadish R Singh, G V Rao, D Nageshwar Reddy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: EUS-guided drainage using plastic stents may be inadequate for treatment of walled-off necrosis (WON). Recent studies report variable outcomes even when using covered metal stents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a dedicated covered biflanged metal stent (BFMS) when adopting an endoscopic "step-up approach" for drainage of symptomatic WON. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated consecutive patients with symptomatic WON who underwent EUS-guided drainage using BFMSs over a 3-year period...
November 11, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830673/hemangioma-of-the-oral-and-perioral-region-nd-yag-vs-surgery
#13
Domenico Parisi, Francesco Ciancio, Luigi Cagiano, Monica Rucci, Luigi Annacontini, Aurelio Portincasa
INTRODUCTION: Hemangiomas are very commonly diagnosticated in childhood. The area most affected by this disease is the head and neck. In recent decades, the laser therapy has changed the treatment of hemangiomas through special techniques with advantages in bleeding risk management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Object of this study is comparing Nd:YAG laser and surgical excision, in terms of aesthetic outcomes, in the treatment of hemangiomas of oral and perioral region...
October 14, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826480/aesthetic-surgery-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-paradigm-shift
#14
David A Hidalgo, Jan Baranski, Sammy Sinno
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide and the leading cause of cancer death. With the development of targeted therapy against causative driver mutations, some patients have experienced dramatic responses that have converted their disease into a chronic, stable form. Shifting concerns away from survival and back to quality-of-life issues has led some of these patients to seek aesthetic surgery. METHODS: Three patient examples are presented to illustrate current lung cancer treatment modalities, disease responses, and subsequent experiences with aesthetic surgical procedures...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826478/evaluation-of-migraine-surgery-outcomes-through-social-media
#15
Katie G Egan, Jacqueline S Israel, Rezvaneh Ghasemzadeh, Ahmed M Afifi
BACKGROUND: Social media have been used to study many aspects of health and human behavior. Although social media present a unique opportunity to obtain unsolicited patient-reported outcomes, its use has been limited in plastic and reconstructive surgical procedures, including migraine nerve surgery. The goal of this study was to utilize the most popular social media site, Facebook, to evaluate patients' experience with migraine surgery. METHODS: Six months of data regarding nerve surgery, nerve stimulators, and radiofrequency nerve ablation were collected from posts and comments written by members of 2 Facebook groups...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822724/3d-printed-surgical-instruments-the-design-and-fabrication-process
#16
Mitchell George, Kevin R Aroom, Harvey G Hawes, Brijesh S Gill, Joseph Love
BACKGROUND: 3D printing is an additive manufacturing process allowing the creation of solid objects directly from a digital file. We believe recent advances in additive manufacturing may be applicable to surgical instrument design. This study investigates the feasibility, design and fabrication process of usable 3D printed surgical instruments. METHODS: The computer-aided design package SolidWorks (Dassault Systemes SolidWorks Corp., Waltham MA) was used to design a surgical set including hemostats, needle driver, scalpel handle, retractors and forceps...
January 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806156/reliability-and-photographic-equivalency-of-the-scar-cosmesis-assessment-and-rating-scar-scale-an-outcome-measure-for-postoperative-scars
#17
Jonathan Kantor
Importance: Until recently, no ideal valid, feasible, and reliable scar scale existed to effectively assess the quality of postoperative linear scars. The Scar Cosmesis Assessment and Rating (SCAR) scale was developed and validated as a tool to assess the quality of postoperative scars in clinical and research settings. Objective: To assess the reliability of using photographs in lieu of live patient scar rating assessments, and to determine the interrater and intrarater reliability of the SCAR scale...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768177/addressing-practice-gaps-in-cutaneous-surgery-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#18
Kathryn L Kreicher, Jeremy S Bordeaux
Importance: Cutaneous surgery is performed by otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons, oculoplastic surgeons, dermatologic surgeons, and some primary care physicians. Practice gaps exist among cutaneous surgeons, as do differences in how different physicians approach preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative decision-making. Objective: To present the newest and best evidence to close common practice gaps in cutaneous surgery. Evidence Review: We performed a detailed search of peer-reviewed publications that were identified through a search of PubMed/MEDLINE (January 1, 2000, through June 30, 2016) using the literature search terms "cutaneous surgery," "Mohs micrographic surgery," "plastic surgery," in combination with "safety," "cost," "anesthesia," "anti-coagulation," "bleeding," "pain," "analgesia," "anxiety," or "infection," among others...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759591/variation-in-classification-of-infection-a-systematic-review-of-recent-plastic-surgery-literature
#19
Steven A Ovadia, Yasmina Zoghbi, Seth R Thaller
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections, also referred to as wound infections, are commonly studied within the plastic surgery literature. The definition of these terms is not standardized in the literature. Individual studies may select criteria to use in identifying infection. This may have important implications upon interpretation of study results. METHODS: Studies evaluating surgical site infection in the plastic surgery literature were identified through search of the MEDLINE database across the five year period ending March 2016...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757350/body-builder-s-nightmare-black-market-steroid-injection-gone-wrong-a-case-report
#20
Or Friedman, Ehud Arad, Oded Ben Amotz
In the pursuit of success in sports, some athletes are not deterred by health risks associated with the (mis)use of black market preparations of dubious origin as performance-enhancing agents. Several studies published in the recent years demonstrated that anabolic-androgenic steroids, but also stimulants and growth hormones, are misused by numerous recreational athletes from all over the world. Trenbolone is an anabolic steroid routinely used in the finishing phase of beef production to improve animal performance and feed efficiency...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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