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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220946/light-and-energy-based-therapeutics-for-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause-consensus-and-controversies
#1
Yona Tadir, Adrian Gaspar, Ahinoam Lev-Sagie, Macrene Alexiades, Red Alinsod, Alex Bader, Alberto Calligaro, Jorge A Elias, Marco Gambaciani, Jorge E Graviria, Cheryl B Iglesia, Ksenija Selih-Martinec, Patricia L Mwesigwa, Urska B Ogrinc, Stefano Salvatore, Paolo Scollo, Nicola Zerbinati, John Stuart Nelson
Gynecologist and plastic surgeons pioneered the application of lasers in medicine and surgery almost 5 decades ago, initially used to treat cervical and vaginal pathologies. Ever since, energy-based devices have been deployed to treat pelvic pathologies and improve fertility. Recent technological developments triggered an unprecedented wave of publications, assessing the efficacy of fractional laser, and radiofrequency on the vaginal wall in reversing natural aging processes. Studies have shown that a certain degree of thermal energy deposited on the vaginal wall stimulates proliferation of the glycogen-enriched epithelium, neovascularization, and collagen formation in the lamina propria, and improves natural lubrication and control of urination...
February 21, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197403/network-plasticity-and-intraoperative-mapping-for-personalized-multimodal-management-of-diffuse-low-grade-gliomas
#2
REVIEW
Cristina Diana Ghinda, Hugues Duffau
Gliomas are the most frequent primary brain tumors and include a variety of different histological tumor types and malignancy grades. Recent achievements in terms of molecular and imaging fields have created an unprecedented opportunity to perform a comprehensive interdisciplinary assessment of the glioma pathophysiology, with direct implications in terms of the medical and surgical treatment strategies available for patients. The current paradigm shift considers glioma management in a comprehensive perspective that takes into account the intricate connectivity of the cerebral networks...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179749/danish-translation-and-linguistic-validation-of-the-body-q-a-description-of-the-process
#3
Lotte Poulsen, Michael Rose, Anne Klassen, Kirsten K Roessler, Jens Ahm Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments are increasingly being included in research and clinical practice to assess the patient point of view. Bariatric and body contouring surgery has the potential to improve or restore a patient's body image and health-related quality of life (HR-QOL). A new PRO instrument, called the BODY-Q, has recently been developed specifically for this patient group. The aim of the current study was to translate and perform a linguistic validation of the BODY-Q for use in Danish bariatric and body contouring patients...
2017: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164140/epidemiology-of-pediatric-burns-and-future-prevention-strategies-a-study-of-475-patients-from-a-high-volume-burn-center-in-north-india
#4
Amol Dhopte, V K Tiwari, Pankaj Patel, Rahul Bamal
BACKGROUND: Pediatric burns have a long-term social impact. This is more apparent in a developing country such as India, where their incidence and morbidity are high. The aim of this study was to provide recent prospective epidemiological data on pediatric burns in India and to suggest future preventive strategies. METHODS: Children up to 18 years old admitted to the Department of Burns, Plastic & Maxillofacial Surgery, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, between January and December 2014 were included in the study...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145924/characteristics-of-pediatric-cheek-mass
#5
Ye Seul Eom, So Young Lim
PURPOSE: Patients with cheek mass are often referred to our medical center's department of plastic surgery. Most patients with deep cheek mass have the characteristic of a slowly growing, painless mass. We reviewed the lesion's pathology of this complex anatomic area in the pediatric population, focusing on differential diagnosis and the recent surgical strategies. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 56 patients visiting our department from 2009 to 2016. Data analysis included the patients' lesion characteristics, clinical presentation, presumptive diagnosis, results of preoperative investigations, pathological diagnosis, and treatment details...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118228/efficacy-of-a-procedure-specific-education-module-on-informed-consent-in-plastic-surgery
#6
Michael G Brandel, Christopher M Reid, Nisha Parmeshwar, Marek K Dobke, Amanda A Gosman
INTRODUCTION: Truly informed consent is an elusive goal, seldom attained in medical or surgical practice. Patients often do not fully understand procedures and therapies they undergo or the associated sequelae. Historically, informed consent and patient education have been limited to physician discussions, sometimes with the addition of simple visual aids. More recently, there is a growing body of decision aids available, including interactive multimedia patient educational modules that review preoperative through postoperative care, risks, benefits, alternatives, different surgical options, as well as commonly asked questions...
January 23, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117496/early-use-of-co2-lasers-and-silicone-gel-on-surgical-scars-prospective-study
#7
Luiz Ronaldo Alberti, Eduardo Faria Vicari, Roselaine De Souza Jardim Vicari, Andy Petroianu
INTRODUCTION: Some publications have shown good aesthetic results for scars through the early application of fractional CO2 lasers on elective surgery scars. The aim of this randomized, double-blinded clinical trial was to compare the aesthetic quality of the scar from a group of patients submitted to super-pulsed fractional CO2 laser applications (10,600 nm fractional CO2 , set at a density of 20% and an energy of 10 mJ, a scanner of 03 × 03 mm, and a pulse repetition time of 0...
January 24, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045823/the-retaining-ligament-of-the-anterior-digastric-muscle
#8
Matthew J Zdilla, Jordan V Swearingen, Kyle D Miller, Adam Bender-Heine, H Wayne Lambert
The anterior belly of the digastric muscle (ABDM) is important in numerous esthetic surgeries including rhytidectomy, alteration of the cervicomental angle via partial resection of the ABDM muscle belly, and suprahyoid muscular medialization and suspension. Recently, the connection between the ABDM and the mylohyoid muscle (MH) has been proposed as important for the mechanism of the digastric corset procedure. This report refers to the connection between the ABDM and the MH as a type of retaining ligament of the anterior digastric muscle (RLAD)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038321/barriers-beliefs-and-practice-patterns-for-breast-cancer-reconstruction-a-provincial-survey
#9
Christopher J Coroneos, Karina Roth-Albin, Ajit S Rai, Amrit S Rai, Sophocles H Voineskos, Melissa C Brouwers, Ronen Avram, Barbara Heller
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize beliefs and practice patterns for breast cancer reconstruction among physicians who treat patients with breast cancer, in order to delineate current clinical practice. This survey was administered prior to Cancer Care Ontario guideline publication. METHOD: Survey questions addressed four domains: survival, delayed or obscured recurrence detection, delayed adjuvant therapy, and aesthetics. The survey was administered to 1160 Ontario plastic and general surgeons and radiation and medical oncologists...
December 27, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033623/-consensus-of-the-deutsche-gesellschaft-der-plastischen-rekonstruktiven-und-%C3%A3-sthetischen-chirurgen-dgpr%C3%A3-c-on-autologous-fat-grafting
#10
R E Giunta, R E Horch, L Prantl, E M Baur, C Herold, L Kamolz, M Lehnhardt, E M Noah, O Rennekampff, D Richter, D J Schaefer, K Ueberreiter
On occasion of the Munich Plastic Symposium in Munich the board of the Deutsche Gesellschaft der Plastischen, Rekonstruktiven und Ästhetischen Chirurgen (DGPRÄC) together with a group of experts who were also involved in the preparation of the recently published S2K guideline "Autologous Fat Grafting", prepared a consensus statement from a plastic-surgical point of view so to evaluate current spects and taking into account the current legal framework: 1. Autologous Fat Grafting is a long established treatment in plastic surgery and does not differ from other tissue grafts...
December 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025622/a-comparison-of-barbed-sutures-and-standard-sutures-with-regard-to-wound-cosmesis-in-panniculectomy-and-reduction-mammoplasty-patients
#11
Kristen Aliano, Michael Trostler, Indira Michelle Fromm, Alexander Dagum, Sami Khan, Duc Bui
Cosmesis is a vital concern for patients undergoing plastic and reconstructive surgery. Many variations in wound closure are employed when attempting to minimize a surgical scar's appearance. Barbed sutures are one potential method of achieving improved wound cosmesis and are more common in recent years. To determine if barbed sutures differ from nonbarbed in wound cosmesis, we conducted a single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial of 18 patients undergoing bilateral reduction mammoplasty or panniculectomy...
2016: Plastic Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001261/evidences-of-autologous-fat-grafting-for-the-treatment-of-keloids-and-hypertrophic-scars
#12
Vinícius Zolezi DA Silva, Antonio Albacete, Grazielle DE Souza Horácio, Guilherme Augusto Magalhães DE Andrade, Leandro Debs Procópio, Pedro Soler Coltro, Jayme Adriano Farina
Introduction: Since the 1980s, the use of autologous fat grafting has been growing in plastic surgery. Recently, this procedure has come to be used as a treatment for keloids and hypertrophic scars mainly due to the lack of satisfactory results with other techniques. So far, however, it lacks more consistent scientific evidence to recommend its use. The aim of this study was to review the current state of autologous fat grafting for the treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars, their benefits and scientific evidences in the literature...
December 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000408/ancestral-variations-in-the-shape-and-size-of-the-zygoma
#13
Anna C Oettlé, Fabrice P Demeter, Ericka N L'abbé
The variable development of the zygoma, dictating its shape and size variations among ancestral groups, has important clinical implications and valuable anthropological and evolutionary inferences. The purpose of the study was to review the literature regarding the variations in the zygoma with ancestry. Ancestral variation in the zygoma reflects genetic variations because of genetic drift as well as natural selection and epigenetic changes to adapt to diet and climate variations with possible intensification by isolation...
January 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939100/single-pulse-electrical-stimulation-to-probe-functional-and-pathological-connectivity-in-epilepsy
#14
REVIEW
Riki Matsumoto, Takeharu Kunieda, Dileep Nair
In the last decade, single pulse electrical stimulation (SPES) has been used as an investigational tool in the field of epilepsy surgery. Direct cortical stimulation applied at a frequency of ∼1Hz can probe cortico-cortical connections by averaging electrocorticogram time-lock to the stimuli (2×20-30 trials). These evoked potentials that emanate from adjacent and remote cortices have been termed cortico-cortical evoked potentials (CCEPs). Although limited to patients undergoing invasive presurgical evaluations with intracranial electrodes, CCEP provides a novel way to explore inter-areal connectivity in vivo in the living human brain to probe functional brain networks such as language and cognitive motor networks...
January 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925313/isolation-proliferation-and-characterization-of-endometrial-canine-stem-cells
#15
V De Cesaris, S Grolli, C Bresciani, V Conti, G Basini, E Parmigiani, E Bigliardi
In the last decade, progenitor cells isolated from dissociated endometrial tissue have been the subject of many studies in several animal species. Recently, endometrial cells showing characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been demonstrated in human, pig and cow uterine tissue samples. The aim of this study was the isolation and characterization of stromal cells from the endometrium of healthy bitches, a tissue that after elective surgery is routinely discarded. Multipotent stromal cells could be isolated from all bitches enrolled in the study (n = 7)...
December 7, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892447/a-study-on-variations-of-nutrient-foramen-of-humerus-with-its-clinical-implications
#16
D I Mansur, P Manandhar, M K Haque, D K Mehta, S Duwal, B Timalsina
Background Nutrient foramen is an opening into shaft of humerus which gives passage to the blood vessels of medullary cavity. The knowledge of nutrient foramen is important in surgical procedures like bone grafting and more recently in microsurgical vascularized bone transplantation. Objective To determine the number, location and direction of nutrient foramen and whether the nutrient foramens obey the rule of ossification, that is directed away from the growing end of the bone or not. Method The present study consisted of 253 (108 right and 145 left) dried humeri excluding any fracture or pathological abnormalities during the period of 15th December 2014 - 14th February 2015...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886967/the-independent-plastic-surgery-match-analysis-of-changes-in-recent-years-and-applicant-preferences
#17
Ziyad S Hammoudeh, Gamal Mostafa, Michel Saint-Cyr, Karim Bakri, Samir Mardini
BACKGROUND: The number of surgical applicants to "independent" plastic surgery programs has drastically decreased. However, the competitiveness of recent applicants relative to previous years has not been assessed. The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of recent "independent" applicants and to obtain their preferences regarding the match. METHODS: A 25-question survey was distributed to 97 applicants of the 2012 "independent" match. The survey consisted of questions regarding demographics, academic qualifications, interview results, match results, program characteristic preferences, interview preferences, and future career plans...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879608/e-cigarettes-and-potential-implications-for-plastic-surgery
#18
Peter J Taub, Alan Matarasso
The use of tobacco-based products, most notably cigarettes, is related directly to wound healing problems and poorer outcomes in plastic surgery. Current abstracts have highlighted the potential complications from nicotine, specifically following plastic surgery in patients who choose to smoke. Recently, products that use electricity to vaporize liquid nitrogen have been gaining popularity. New rules were recently proposed that would give the federal government authority over electronic cigarettes. However, the health-related issues surrounding e-cigarettes are still largely unknown or misunderstood...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845053/endoscopic-step-up-approach-using-a-dedicated-biflanged-metal-stent-reduces-the-need-for-direct-necrosectomy-in-walled-off-necrosis-with-videos
#19
Sundeep Lakhtakia, Jahangeer Basha, Rupjyoti Talukdar, Rajesh Gupta, Zaheer Nabi, Mohan Ramchandani, B V N Kumar, Partha Pal, Rakesh Kalpala, P Manohar Reddy, R Pradeep, Jagadish R Singh, G V Rao, D Nageshwar Reddy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: EUS-guided drainage using plastic stents may be inadequate for treatment of walled-off necrosis (WON). Recent studies report variable outcomes even when using covered metal stents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a dedicated covered biflanged metal stent (BFMS) when adopting an endoscopic "step-up approach" for drainage of symptomatic WON. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated consecutive patients with symptomatic WON who underwent EUS-guided drainage using BFMSs over a 3-year period...
November 11, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830673/hemangioma-of-the-oral-and-perioral-region-nd-yag-vs-surgery
#20
Domenico Parisi, Francesco Ciancio, Luigi Cagiano, Monica Rucci, Luigi Annacontini, Aurelio Portincasa
INTRODUCTION: Hemangiomas are very commonly diagnosticated in childhood. The area most affected by this disease is the head and neck. In recent decades, the laser therapy has changed the treatment of hemangiomas through special techniques with advantages in bleeding risk management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Object of this study is comparing Nd:YAG laser and surgical excision, in terms of aesthetic outcomes, in the treatment of hemangiomas of oral and perioral region...
October 14, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
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