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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051396/facial-transplantation-an-update-of-results-and-perspectives-from-tissue-engineering
#1
Francesco Simonacci, Roberto Toni, Edoardo Raposio
BACKGROUND/AIM: Facial transplantation is a revolutionary procedure developed recently, which is indicated if autologous transfers fail to restore human appearance. More than 30 patients have undergone facial transplantation in different centers worldwide. Here, we provide an update on its main anatomical, surgical, immunological, ethical, and follow- up aspects. We also provide innovative perspectives of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering that could hold promise for this emerging surgical field...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049144/the-etiology-of-neuronal-development-in-craniosynostosis-a-working-hypothesis
#2
Eric D Brooks, Joel S Beckett, Jenny Yang, Andrew T Timberlake, Alexander H Sun, Carolyn Chuang, John A Persing
Craniosynostosis is one of the most common craniofacial conditions treated by neurologic and plastic surgeons. In addition to disfigurement, children with craniosynostosis experience significant cognitive dysfunction later in life. Surgery is performed in infancy to correct skull deformity; however, the field is at a crossroads regarding the best approach for correction. Since the cause of brain dysfunction in these patients has remained uncertain, the role and type of surgery might have in attenuating the later-observed cognitive deficits through impact on the brain has been unclear...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040378/plastic-surgery-related-hashtag-utilization-on-instagram-implications-for-education-and-marketing
#3
Robert G Dorfman, Elbert E Vaca, Eitezaz Mahmood, Neil A Fine, Clark F Schierle
Background: Recent data suggest patients are seeking aesthetic surgery to improve their appearance on Instagram and other social media. Despite the rising influence of Instagram in plastic surgery, few academic publications address Instagram, let alone evaluate its utilization in plastic surgery. Objectives: We set out to answer the following three questions: 1) what plastic surgery-related content is being posted to Instagram; 2) who is posting this content; and 3) what specific hashtags are they using? Methods: Our study queried 21 Instagram plastic surgery-related hashtags...
August 30, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025213/the-future-of-fat-grafting
#4
Farooq Shahzad, Babak J Mehrara
Fat grafting has emerged as an important tool in the armamentarium of plastic surgeons. Its applications in aesthetic and reconstructive surgery continue to expand. However, its limitations (such as inconsistent survival) remain problematic. Recent research efforts have focused on tacking these issues with the use of platelet rich plasma, hypoxic preconditioning, hyperbaric oxygen, and the tissue engineering of scaffolds. In the future, as these laboratory discoveries are translated to clinical application, the beneficial uses of fat grafting will continue to increase...
July 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980441/endoscopic-surgery-in-japan-the-12th-national-survey-2012-2013-by-the-japan-society-for-endoscopic-surgery
#5
Toshio Bandoh, Norio Shiraishi, Yuichi Yamashita, Toshiro Terachi, Makoto Hashizume, Shigeo Akira, Toshiaki Morikawa, Yuko Kitagawa, Katsuhiko Yanaga, Shunsuke Endo, Kiyoshi Onishi, Shuji Takiguchi, Yasuhiro Tamaki, Toru Hasegawa, Hiromitsu Mimata, Minoru Tabata, Ryohei Yozu, Masafumi Inomata, Sumio Matsumoto, Seigo Kitano, Masahiko Watanabe
In Japan, the first endoscopic surgery, a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, was performed in 1990. Since then, operative procedures have been standardized, and the safety and usefulness of endoscopic surgery have been evaluated. With the acceptance of endoscopic surgery as less invasive than open surgery, the number of the endoscopic procedures continues to increase in all surgical domains. The Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery (JSES) has had an important role in the development of endoscopic surgery in Japan...
October 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958980/favorable-outcome-with-close-margins-in-patients-undergoing-nipple-skin-sparing-mastectomy-with-immediate-breast-reconstruction-5-year-follow-up
#6
Enver Özkurt, Mustafa Tükenmez, Erdem Güven, Burcu Çelet Özden, Gizem Öner, Mahmut Müslümanoğlu, Abdullah İğci, Vahit Özmen, Seden Küçücük, Neslihan Cabioğlu
BACKGROUND: Implant-based breast reconstruction after mastectomy has recently been reported to be the preferred type of surgery among breast specific surgeons and plastic surgeons. AIMS: The aim of this study is to explore the significant clinicopathological factors associated with long term outcome related to local recurrences of the nipple among patients who underwent immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) with tissue expander (TE) or implant after mastectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort Methods: From January 2007 to January 2013, 51 breast cancer patients who underwent IBR with TE or implant were retrospectively analyzed...
September 29, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953737/the-ethics-of-sharing-plastic-surgery-videos-on-social-media-systematic-literature-review-ethical-analysis-and-proposed-guidelines
#7
REVIEW
Robert G Dorfman, Elbert E Vaca, Neil A Fine, Clark F Schierle
Recent videos shared by plastic surgeons on social media applications such as Snapchat, Instagram, and YouTube, among others, have blurred the line between entertainment and patient care. This has left many in the plastic surgery community calling for the development of more structured oversight and guidance regarding video sharing on social media. To date, no official guidelines exist for plastic surgeons to follow. Little is known about the ethical implications of social media use by plastic surgeons, especially with regard to video sharing...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943352/genital-reconstruction-for-the-transgendered-individual
#8
REVIEW
Marta R Bizic, Borko Stojanovic, Miroslav L Djordjevic
INTRODUCTION: Gender dysphoria is defined as one's belief that his/her body does not reflect his/her true "inner" identification of physical sex and requires medical and/or surgical treatment that will alter his/her body to better reflect what he/she believes is his/her true gender. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe current surgical techniques available in genital reconstruction for female-to-male (FTM) and male-to-female (MTF) transgender patients. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed recently published papers concerning the most common procedures in genital reconstruction in FTM transgenders and in MTF transgenders...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930781/is-article-methodological-quality-associated-with-conflicts-of-interest-an-analysis-of-the-plastic-surgery-literature
#9
Brian H Cho, Joseph Lopez, Jessica Means, Sandra Lopez, Jacqueline Milton, Anthony P Tufaro, James W May, Amir H Dorafshar
PURPOSE: Conflicts of interest (COI) are an emerging area of discussion within the field of plastic surgery. Recently, several reports have found that research studies that disclose COI are associated with publication of positive outcomes. We hypothesize that this association is driven by higher-quality studies receiving industry funding. This study aimed to investigate the association between industry support and study methodological quality. METHODS: We reviewed all entries in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Annals of Plastic Surgery, and Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery within a 1-year period encompassing 2013...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929316/mucinous-adenocarcinoma-on-perianal-fistula-a-rising-entity
#10
C J Alvarez-Laso, S Moral, D Rodríguez, A Carrocera, E Azcano, A Cabrera, R Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: Mucinous adenocarcinoma on perianal fistula is a rare entity; it could be underdiagnosed because it behaves often as a regular perianal fistula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have recently treated four cases in our unit. We present them and review the literature, emphasizing on clinical characteristic and therapeutic options. The four patients were male with a mean age of 64. Three of them were classified as locally advances cases and therefore treated with neoadjuvant therapy...
September 19, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906297/evidence-based-medicine-in-plastic-surgery-are-we-there-yet
#11
Daniel G Leal, Maria Amelia Rodrigues, Ana Carolina B Tedesco, Fabio Xerfan Nahas, Lydia Masako Ferreira, Ana C W Roxo, Claudio Cardoso de Castro, Jose Horacio Aboudib
BACKGROUND: The practice of evidence-based medicine in plastic surgery is no longer a trend but a reality, with a growing number of studies published in recent years using evidence-based medicine as an assessment tool. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify whether the number of citations to articles with a high level of evidence is greater than articles with low level of evidence. METHODS: A search was conducted in the 4 main international journals of plastic surgery...
September 12, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894655/intraoperative-evaluation-of-body-surface-improvement-by-an-augmented-reality-system-that-a-clinician-can-modify
#12
Daisuke Mitsuno, Koichi Ueda, Tomoki Itamiya, Takashi Nuri, Yuki Otsuki
BACKGROUND: Augmented reality (AR) technology that can combine computer-generated images with a real scene has been reported in the medical field recently. We devised the AR system for evaluation of improvements of the body surface, which is important for plastic surgery. METHODS: We constructed an AR system that is easy to modify by combining existing devices and free software. We superimposed the 3-dimensional images of the body surface and the bone (obtained from VECTRA H1 and CT) onto the actual surgical field by Moverio BT-200 smart glasses and evaluated improvements of the body surface in 8 cases...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886872/-benefits-of-volumetric-to-facial-rejuvenation-part-1-fat-grafting
#13
P Bui, C Lepage
For a number of years, a volumetric approach using autologous fat injection has been implemented to improve cosmetic outcome in face-lift procedures and to achieve lasting rejuvenation. Autologous fat as filling tissue has been used in plastic surgery since the late 19th century, but has only recently been associated to face lift procedures. The interest of the association lies on the one hand in the pathophysiology of facial aging, involving skin sag and loss of volume, and on the other hand in the tissue induction properties of grafted fat, "rejuvenating" the injected area...
September 5, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876574/holding-the-torch-up-high-a-medical-historical-evaluation-of-surgical-advances-during-the-great-war-1914-1918-in-memory-of-those-that-served-and-fell
#14
G Scharf
"How wide and varied is the experience of the battlefield and how fertile the blood of warriors in raising good surgeons" Sir Clifford Allbutt (1898). With these sentiments of the medical lessons learned in war and conflict, with the background of the poem of "In Flanders Field", written by a doctor who had South African War connections, reasons (the Somme and third Ypres battles) will be given that this was indeed a "GREAT WAR" as the world history, weapons, strategy, tactics and wounding patterns had changed dramatically...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841626/disclosure-of-financial-conflicts-of-interest-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#15
Edward A Luce, Carye A Jackman
BACKGROUND: Recent articles in the scientific literature have expressed concerns about financial conflicts of interest in the profession of medicine in general and the specialty of plastic surgery in particular. Disclosure of financial ties to industry has been regarded as an address of a possible bias. The policies of medical journals places responsibility on authors for self-reporting of financial conflicts of interest, yet underreporting of conflicts of interest has occurred. The investigative hypothesis was that authors in the plastic surgery literature, in particular, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, underreported financial conflicts of interest...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841625/american-society-of-maxillofacial-surgeons-2006-to-2016-another-decade-of-excellence-in-education-and-research
#16
Gaby Doumit, Ali Totonchi, Andy Wexler, Arun K Gosain
Over the past 10 years, the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons (ASMS) has continued to advance to meet its mission of being the premier organization to represent maxillofacial and pediatric plastic surgery in the United States. These advances are focused on education of its members, to include the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons basic course, the preconference symposium, the annual meeting, two basic maxillofacial courses per year, advanced maxillofacial courses, a boot camp for craniofacial fellows, a cleft course, quarterly webinars, sponsored fellowships, a visiting professorship, and the ASMS journal...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841597/macrotextured-breast-implants-with-defined-steps-to-minimize-bacterial-contamination-around-the-device-experience-in-42-000-implants
#17
William P Adams, Eric J Culbertson, Anand K Deva, Mark R Magnusson, Craig Layt, Mark L Jewell, Patrick Mallucci, Per Hedén
BACKGROUND: Bacteria/biofilm on breast implant surfaces has been implicated in capsular contracture and breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL). Macrotextured breast implants have been shown to harbor more bacteria than smooth or microtextured implants. Recent reports also suggest that macrotextured implants are associated with a significantly higher incidence of breast implant-associated ALCL. Using techniques to reduce the number of bacteria around implants, specifically, the 14-point plan, has successfully minimized the occurrence of capsular contracture...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835072/-advances-in-preparation-and-clinical-application-of-amniotic-membrane-graft
#18
S Q Zheng, T S Chen, S Z Ji, P F Luo, S C Xiao
Amniotic membrane has been used as wound dressing for more than 100 years. With the development of the preservation and preparation techniques, amniotic membrane is widely used in ophthalmology, burns, plastic surgery, dentistry, and neurosurgery. In recent years, as more and more amniotic membrane is used in chronic wounds, it will be a new treatment method for wounds. This paper is a brief review about advances in preparation and clinical application of amniotic membrane graft.
August 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826296/recent-progresses-in-plastic-surgery-using-adipose-derived-stem-cells-biomaterials-and-growth-factors
#19
Farshad Zarei, Babak Negahdari
Plastic and reconstructive surgery is a distinct specialty, which entails craniofacial and hand surgery; trauma, oncologic and congenital reconstruction; burn care, and aesthetic surgery. However, advances in nanotechnology have significantly affected wound management, skin care, implant and prosthetic design, tissue engineering, and drug delivery systems. Presently, plastic surgeons are applying the efficacy of stem cells (ADSCs), biomaterials and growth factors in different facets of plastic surgery. In this review, we will elucidate the applications of stem cells, biomaterials and growth factors in plastic surgeries...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815221/a-modified-efficient-purse-string-stapling-technique-mest-that-uses-a-new-metal-rod-for-intracorporeal-esophagojejunostomy-in-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy
#20
REVIEW
Takeshi Omori, Jeong-Ho Moon, Kazuyoshi Yamamoto, Yoshitomo Yanagimoto, Keijirou Sugimura, Hiroshi Miyata, Masahiko Yano, Masato Sakon
Intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy after laparoscopic total gastrectomy is technically difficult because this procedure should be performed in a narrow surgical field in the upper abdomen even when completely laparoscopic approaches are used. The placement of the anvil of a circular stapling device into the esophagus and connection the instrument to the anvil are extremely difficult steps in this surgery. Therefore, we developed a simple technique for intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy using hemi-double stapling technique; we named this technique the efficient purse-string stapling technique (EST)...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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