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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538581/the-misconception-of-case-control-studies-in-the-plastic-surgery-literature-a-literature-audit
#1
Alexandra C Hatchell, Forough Farrokhyar, Matthew Choi
BACKGROUND: Case-control study designs are commonly used. However, many published case-control studies are not true case-controls and are in fact mislabeled. The purpose of this study was to identify all case-control studies published in the top three plastic surgery journals over the past 10 years, assess which were truly case-control studies, clarify the actual design of the articles, and address common misconceptions. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched for case-control studies in the three highest-impact factor plastic surgery journals (2005 to 2015)...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525400/big-data-in-facial-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-from-large-databases-to-registries
#2
Aaron M Smith, Scott R Chaiet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are many limitations to performing clinical research with high levels of evidence in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery (FPRS), such as randomization into surgical groups and sample size recruitment. Therefore, additional avenues for exploring research should be explored using big data, from databases to registries. Other organizations have developed these tools in the evolving landscape of outcomes measurement and value in healthcare, which may serve as models for our specialty...
May 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516202/-plastic-reconstruction-of-radiation-injuries
#3
P M Vogt, T R Mett, C Henkenberens, C Radtke, R Ipaktchi
In addition to surgical and drug therapy, radiotherapy (or radiation therapy) is one of the three mainstays of modern oncological therapy regimes. It uses ionizing radiation to control tumors by damaging the DNA of cancerous tissue leading to cellular death. Although advances have been made in recent years resulting in a reduced dosage to the surrounding tissues, radiation injuries and tissue-related side effects cannot be completely avoided. Knowledge of the pathophysiology, treatment modalities and interdisciplinary treatment approaches are essential for effective therapy whilst limiting side effects...
May 17, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486875/a-qualitative-study-of-life-events-and-psychological-needs-underlying-the-decision-to-have-cosmetic-surgery
#4
Katia Locatelli, David Boccara, Antoine De Runz, Mathilde Fournier, Marc Chaouat, François Villa, Maurice Mimoun
Objective A thorough psychological assessment of patients requesting cosmetic surgery can help to protect them from the risk of postoperative dissatisfaction and the onset and/or aggravation of psychiatric disorders. This study seeks to shed more light on why people desire cosmetic surgery and thus help surgeons, psychiatrists, and psychologists to conduct assessments before surgery. Methods In-depth interviews were conducted with 35 subjects who requested cosmetic surgery. The interviews were recorded and transcribed and then analyzed qualitatively with Grounded Theory...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486090/self-citation-rate-and-impact-factor-in-the-field-of-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#5
Shimpei Miyamoto
BACKGROUND: Journal ranking based on the impact factor (IF) can be distorted by self-citation. The aim of this study is to investigate the present status of self-citation in the plastic surgery journals and its effect on the journals' IFs. METHODS: IF, IF without self-citations (corrected IF), self-cited rate, and self-citing rate for 11 plastic surgery journals were investigated from 2009-2015, by reviewing the Journal Citation Report(®). The correlations of the IF with the self-cited rate and the self-citing rate were statistically assessed...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468226/characteristics-of-pediatric-cheek-mass
#6
Ye Seul Eom, So Young Lim
PURPOSE: Patients with cheek mass are often referred to our medical center's department of plastic surgery. Most patients with deep cheek mass have the characteristic of a slowly growing, painless mass. We reviewed the lesion's pathology of this complex anatomic area in the pediatric population, focusing on differential diagnosis and the recent surgical strategies. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 56 patients visiting our department from 2009 to 2016. Data analysis included the patients' lesion characteristics, clinical presentation, presumptive diagnosis, results of preoperative investigations, pathological diagnosis, and treatment details...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457679/high-risk-cutaneous-malignancies-and-immunosuppression-challenges-for-the-reconstructive-surgeon-in-the-renal-transplant-population
#7
REVIEW
L Kearney, D Hogan, P Conlon, M Roche, J P O'Neill, J B O'Sullivan
Renal transplantation is the most frequently performed transplant procedure. Immunosuppressive therapies have dramatically increased survival rates in transplant recipients but are associated with an increased risk of skin cancers. Recent changes in immunosuppressive strategies have been adopted with the aim of reducing this challenging adverse effect. Despite these new strategies, cutaneous malignancies tend to be numerous, aggressive and associated with a higher risk of local and distant dissemination than in the non-transplant population...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427139/-advances-in-the-research-of-mechanism-in-prevention-and-treatment-of-scar-with-botulinum-toxin-type-a-and-its-clinical-application
#8
Y H Li, J Q Liu, D Xiao, W Zhang, D H Hu
Scar is a common complication in wound healing process, and how to effectively prevent and treat it is a hot and difficult problem in burns and plastic surgery field. Botulinum toxin type A is a neurotoxin that has been widely and effectively used in the cosmetic surgery field such as anti-wrinkle and thin face. In recent years, botulinum toxin type A has been applied in prevention and treatment of scar, which causes a great concern. Nowadays, the relevant reports have gradually increased, and the mechanisms have been explored more deeply...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424401/-the-map-of-auditory-function
#9
So Fujimoto, Yutaka Komura
Brodmann areas 41 and 42 are located in the superior temporal gyrus and regarded as auditory cortices. The fundamental function in audition is frequency analysis; however, the findings on tonotopy maps of the human auditory cortex were not unified until recently when they were compared to the findings on inputs and outputs of the monkey auditory cortex. The auditory cortex shows plasticity after conditioned learning and surgery of cochlear implant. It is also involved in speech perception, music appreciation, and auditory hallucination in schizophrenia through interactions with other brain areas, such as the thalamus, frontal cortex, and limbic systems...
April 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399026/the-effects-of-music-on-microsurgical-technique-and-performance-a-motion-analysis-study
#10
Afaaf Shakir, Arhana Chattopadhyay, Laurence S Paek, Rory B McGoldrick, Matthew D Chetta, Kenneth Hui, Gordon K Lee
BACKGROUND: Music is commonly played in operating rooms (ORs) throughout the country. If a preferred genre of music is played, surgeons have been shown to perform surgical tasks quicker and with greater accuracy. However, there are currently no studies investigating the effects of music on microsurgical technique. Motion analysis technology has recently been validated in the objective assessment of plastic surgery trainees' performance of microanastomoses. Here, we aimed to examine the effects of music on microsurgical skills using motion analysis technology as a primary objective assessment tool...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377693/inhibition-of-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-mtor-signaling-in-the-insular-cortex-alleviates-neuropathic-pain-after-peripheral-nerve-injury
#11
Minjee Kwon, Jeongsoo Han, Un Jeng Kim, Myeounghoon Cha, Sun Woo Um, Sun Joon Bai, Seong-Karp Hong, Bae Hwan Lee
Injury of peripheral nerves can trigger neuropathic pain, producing allodynia and hyperalgesia via peripheral and central sensitization. Recent studies have focused on the role of the insular cortex (IC) in neuropathic pain. Because the IC is thought to store pain-related memories, translational regulation in this structure may reveal novel targets for controlling chronic pain. Signaling via mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which is known to control mRNA translation and influence synaptic plasticity, has been studied at the spinal level in neuropathic pain, but its role in the IC under these conditions remains elusive...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358765/introduction-of-the-american-academy-of-facial-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-face-to-face-database
#12
Manoj T Abraham, Joseph J Rousso, Shirley Hu, Ryan F Brown, Augustine L Moscatello, J Charles Finn, Neha A Patel, Sameep P Kadakia, Donald Wood-Smith
The American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery FACE TO FACE database was created to gather and organize patient data primarily from international humanitarian surgical mission trips, as well as local humanitarian initiatives. Similar to cloud-based Electronic Medical Records, this web-based user-generated database allows for more accurate tracking of provider and patient information and outcomes, regardless of site, and is useful when coordinating follow-up care for patients. The database is particularly useful on international mission trips as there are often different surgeons who may provide care to patients on subsequent missions, and patients who may visit more than 1 mission site...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351609/orthoplastic-surgical-collaboration-is-required-to-optimise-the-treatment-of-severe-limb-injuries-a-multi-centre-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Filippo Boriani, Ata Ul Haq, Tommaso Baldini, Roberto Urso, Donatella Granchi, Nicola Baldini, Domenico Tigani, Moazzam Tarar, Umraz Khan
Open fractures are severe, complex, limb-threatening and high-energy injuries, often involving lesions of both bone and soft tissues. Traditionally, treatment has been piecemeal by orthopaedic and plastic surgeons. This study aimed to prospectively investigate whether combining orthopaedic and plastic surgery in treating these injuries is more effective than the conventional orthopaedic care. A prospective multi-centre cohort study was conducted. Differences in the type of approach to severe limb trauma allowed a comparison between combined orthoplastic and traditional exclusively orthopaedic treatment...
June 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292569/indocyanine-green-applications-in-plastic-surgery-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Pierre Burnier, Jérémy Niddam, Romain Bosc, Barbara Hersant, Jean-Paul Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: Use of indocyanine green (ICG) near-infrared fluorescence as a dye to assess tissue vascularization is now well standardized. The aim of this literature review was to review and resume the most recent recommendations for ICG use in its plastic surgery applications. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using Medline, EMBASE, and PubMed databases to obtain the latest recommendations for ICG in plastic surgery. Inclusion criteria were all articles written in English language that evaluated pre-, intra-, or postoperative ICG applications in surgical procedures usually performed by plastic surgeons...
June 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289827/correlation-of-prediction-and-actual-outcome-of-three-dimensional-simulation-in-breast-augmentation-using-a-cloud-based-program
#15
Joshua Vorstenbosch, Avi Islur
BACKGROUND: Breast augmentation is among the most frequently performed cosmetic plastic surgeries. Providing patients with "realistic" 3D simulations of breast augmentation outcomes is becoming increasingly common. Until recently, such programs were costly and required significant equipment, training, and office space. New simple user-friendly cloud-based programs have been developed, but to date there remains a paucity of objective evidence comparing these 3D simulations with the post-operative outcomes...
March 13, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289513/role-of-%C3%AE-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic-acid-receptor-regulation-in-stress-induced-pain-chronification
#16
EDITORIAL
Sufang Liu, Feng Tao
Persistent postsurgical pain is a serious issue in public health, which has received increased interest in recent years. Previous studies have reported that psychological factors promote the development of chronic postsurgical pain. However, it is unclear how chronification of postsurgical pain occurs. The α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid receptor (AMPA) phosphorylation in the central nervous system plays a critical role in synaptic plasticity and contributes to central sensitization and chronic pain development...
February 26, 2017: World Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288463/guide-to-treatment-of-tattoo-complications-and-tattoo-removal
#17
Jørgen Serup, Wolfgang Bäumler
Clinicians in the fields of general medicine, dermatology, and plastic surgery are in their work now and then confronted with tattoo complications. Recognizing the rather few important diagnostic groups and urgencies, the medical 'decision tree' of treatment becomes quite simple. Acute conditions are dominated by bacterial infections needing antibiotic treatment. Systemic infection is a matter of urgency and requires intravenous treatment in a hospital without delay to prevent septic shock. Inflammatory reactions are a real challenge...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280896/surgeon-manipulated-live-surgery-video-recording-apparatuses-personal-experience-and-review-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
Emin Kapi
BACKGROUND: Visual recording of surgical procedures is a method that is used quite frequently in practices of plastic surgery. While presentations containing photographs are quite common in education seminars and congresses, video-containing presentations find more favour. For this reason, the presentation of surgical procedures in the form of real-time video display has increased especially recently. Appropriate technical equipment for video recording is not available in most hospitals, so there is a need to set up external apparatus in the operating room...
March 9, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280722/tissue-engineered-solutions-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-principles-and-practice
#19
REVIEW
Sarah Al-Himdani, Zita M Jessop, Ayesha Al-Sabah, Emman Combellack, Amel Ibrahim, Shareen H Doak, Andrew M Hart, Charles W Archer, Catherine A Thornton, Iain S Whitaker
Recent advances in microsurgery, imaging, and transplantation have led to significant refinements in autologous reconstructive options; however, the morbidity of donor sites remains. This would be eliminated by successful clinical translation of tissue-engineered solutions into surgical practice. Plastic surgeons are uniquely placed to be intrinsically involved in the research and development of laboratory engineered tissues and their subsequent use. In this article, we present an overview of the field of tissue engineering, with the practicing plastic surgeon in mind...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280676/the-telemark-breast-score-a-valid-method-for-evaluation-of-outcome-after-breast-surgery
#20
Anadi Begic, Birgit Stark
BACKGROUND: "Telemark Breast Score" (TBS) has been developed at Telemark Hospital in Norway for evaluation of results after breast surgery based on standardized patients' photographs taken as a part of daily routine. Its reliability has recently been tested and approved. The external validity of the TBS was assessed by matching its data against the internationally recognized Breast-Q (BQ) questionnaire as a further step to study the validity of this new tool. METHODS: The ideal distribution of breast volume is 45% of the total volume above and 55% below the nipple, and a 40° slope line at the upper pole...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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