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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771806/supine-bottom-up-extralevator-abdominoperineal-excision-with-primary-perineal-approach
#1
Cécile de Chaisemartin, Diane Mège, Jean Michel Durey, Hélène Meillat, Jean Robert Delpero, Bernard Lelong
To improve poor oncological outcomes of conventional abdominoperineal excision (APE), an extralevator abdominoperineal excision has been developed. This technique is associated with a larger pelvic floor defect and needs position changing and flap reconstruction, which increase operating time and morbidity without proof of best oncological results. Based on the recent development of transanal approaches for retrograde transanal mesorectal excision, we describe a novel approach for APE by a primary perineal dissection...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760360/performing-laparoscopic-surgery-perspectives-of-young-chinese-hepatobiliary-surgeons
#2
Xin Zhao, Peipei Song, Yuhua Zhang, Jiwei Huang
Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has garnered attention as a new form of liver surgery. In China, many hepatobiliary surgeons are now encouraging the examination and assessment of LLC in order to improve its outcomes, and several young hepatobiliary surgeons recently shared their clinical experiences and the results of their research in presentations at the Akamon Forum as part of the 118th Annual Congress of the Japan Surgical Society, which was held April 5-7, 2018 in Tokyo, Japan. In China, LLR has gradually improved over the past 20 years, including both expanded indications and improved surgical approaches...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755907/the-100-most-influential-papers-and-recent-trends-in-the-field-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumours-a-bibliometric-analysis
#3
Khadijah Siddiq, Hira F Akbar, Meeshal Khan, Amna A Siddiqui, Salman Nusrat, Jean Y Blay
Background Bibliometric analysis is a statistical tool used to examine the exponential growth in medical research. Many analogous analyses have been conducted, but none existed for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Hence, we conducted a citation analysis of the hundred most cited and recently published articles on this topic. Methods Scopus was chosen as the primary database, through which the top 100 and recent publications were ranked according to the citation count and were then analysed. Results The 100 most cited articles were published between 1992 and 2013, among which the greatest number of articles were published in the years 2002 (n = 15) and 2006 (n = 11)...
March 12, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751947/surgical-evaluation-of-lymph-nodes-in-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-standardized-approach-or-personalized-medicine
#4
Thomas C Tsai, Jordan Miller, Brian Whang, P Marco Fisichella
The extent of lymphadenectomy for esophageal adenocarcinoma remains controversial. Outstanding issues include the appropriate technical approach such as transthoracic versus transhiatal, or open versus minimally invasive, both of which have implications on overall lymph node harvest numbers and morbidity. Recent data on the relationship of total number of lymph nodes harvested and oncologic survival have been conflicting, due in part to a likely differential impact of lymphadenectomy on survival based on tumor stage and response to neoadjuvant therapy...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743148/when-should-surgery-be-used-for-recurrent-ovarian-carcinoma
#5
M Bommert, P Harter, F Heitz, A du Bois
Cytoreductive surgery is an important column in the treatment of primary ovarian cancer. Surgical outcome is one of the most important prognostic factors and one of the few prognostic variables that can be influenced by therapists. Retrospective studies suggested that only complete cytoreduction was associated with a benefit. Therefore, definition of predictors of complete resection is of the utmost importance to avoid surgical burden in patients with both limited benefit of the procedure and limited overall life expectancy...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740588/is-there-any-role-for-d3-lymphadenectomy-in-gastric-cancer
#6
Gerassimos N Douridas, Stefanos K Pierrakakis
Although D2 constitutes the level of lymph node dissection which most surgical associations endorse in their treatment guidelines for gastric cancer more extended D3 dissection has also been attempted to improve oncologic outcomes. Existing literature pertinent with the provisional therapeutic impact of D3 lymphadenectomy in advanced gastric cancer is studied in this mini review. Seven non-randomized comparisons, three randomized trials and five meta-analyses, almost exclusively of Asian origin, were identified and examined...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735328/gynaecologic-cancer-surgery-and-preservation-of-fertility
#7
E Bentivegna, A Maulard, G Miailhe, S Gouy, P Morice
For gynecological cancers, even at an early stage, the standard treatment is "radical excision" involving hysterectomy (radical or not) with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. But for young patients with early stage disease, many recent studies have focused on preservation of subsequent fertility by keeping at least one ovary and the uterus. The main objective of this fertility-sparing surgery is to preserve fertility, if this can be accomplished without increasing the oncological risks. Whether the initial site of the cancer is the cervix, uterine fundus or ovary, the oncologic validation of fertility-sparing treatment requires several evaluation criteria: a rigorous clinical, radiological and surgical staging to verify that the pathology is truly at an early initial stage; expert pathologic interpretation of biopsy specimens to validate the histological criteria of "good prognosis"; provision of complete and understandable patient education verifying the true objectives for this fertility-sparing treatment (whose intent is to retain a potential for subsequent fertility without guaranteeing it) and provision of an explanation of the oncological constraints and implications of fertility-sparing surgery in the event of a possible pregnancy...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730061/computed-tomographic-angiographic-perforator-localization-for-virtual-surgical-planning-of-osteocutaneous-fibular-free-flaps-in-head-and-neck-reconstruction
#8
Kyle S Ettinger, Amy E Alexander, Kevin Arce
Virtual surgical planning (VSP), computer-aided design and computer-aided modeling, and 3-dimensional printing are 3 distinct technologies that have become increasingly used in head and neck oncology and microvascular reconstruction. Although each of these technologies has long been used for treatment planning in other surgical disciplines, such as craniofacial surgery, trauma surgery, temporomandibular joint surgery, and orthognathic surgery, its widespread use in head and neck reconstructive surgery remains a much more recent event...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701373/uniportal-vats-lobectomy-subxiphoid-approach
#9
Catarina Carvalheiro, Javier Gallego-Poveda, Diego Gonzalez-Rivas, Jorge Cruz
INTRODUCTION: Interest in uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is rapidly growing worldwide because it represents the surgical approach to the lung with the least possible trauma and in recent years the subxiphoid approach has been used in the field of thoracic surgery as it is associated with lesser pain because there is no intercostal nerve damage and it provides excellent cosmetic outcomes. This technique was recently introduced for major pulmonary resections and even bilateral approaches in selected patients...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692505/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-cystectomy-with-extracorporeal-urinary-diversion-initial-experience-and-outcomes
#10
Nitin Shrivastava, Brusabhanu Nayak, Premnath Dogra, Rajeev Kumar, Prabhjot Singh
Introduction: Open radical cystectomy (ORC) is the most common surgical approach for invasive carcinoma of the urinary bladder, but robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) has recently gained popularity. There is limited data from the Indian subcontinent on RARC. The aim of this study was to assess the perioperative, pathological, and oncological outcomes of RARC and follow-up in our initial 63 cases. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data of 63 RARC procedures performed in our tertiary care institute from July 2006 to January 2016 was done...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691659/colon-cancer-with-perforation
#11
REVIEW
Kensuke Otani, Kazushige Kawai, Keisuke Hata, Toshiaki Tanaka, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kazuhito Sasaki, Manabu Kaneko, Koji Murono, Shigenobu Emoto, Hiroaki Nozawa
Perforation of the colon is a rare complication for patients with colon cancer and usually requires emergent surgery. The characteristics of perforation differ based on the site of perforation, presenting as either perforation at the cancer site or perforation proximal to the cancer site. Peritonitis due to perforation tends to be more severe in cases of perforation proximal to the cancer site; however, the difference in the outcome between the two types remains unclear. Surgical treatment of colon cancer with perforation has changed over time...
April 24, 2018: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687253/real-time-intraoperative-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-in-vascularized-spinal-tumors-a-technical-note
#12
Giuseppe Maria Della Pepa, Pier Paolo Mattogno, Giuseppe La Rocca, Giovanni Sabatino, Alessandro Olivi, Luca Ricciardi, Filippo Maria Polli
BACKGROUNDS: Intra-operative ultrasound (ioUS), and the recently introduced contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) demonstrated to be an extremely valuable tool in oncological cerebral neurosurgery. METHODS: The authors applied ioUS/CEUS techniques to spinal oncological surgery as showed in the illustrative case of a dorsal hemangiopericytoma. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: ioUS and CEUS provide real-time information that proved useful in identifying both vascular and parenchymatous tumoral patterns, anatomical relations with nervous structure, plan surgical strategy, and identify residuals...
April 23, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683879/patterns-of-recurrence-long-term-survival-and-toxicity-analysis-of-endometrial-adenocarcinoma-patients-reclassified-under-the-recent-esmo-esgo-estro-stratification-seven-year-results-from-a-single-institution
#13
Uday P Kumar, Prahlad H Yathiraj, Krishna T Sharan, Asha Kamath, Anshul Singh, S Anusha Reddy, Priyanka Alurkar, Donald J Fernandes, Vidyasagar S Mamidipudi
AIM: The aim of this study was to report the patterns of recurrence, locoregional control, and survival of patients diagnosed with endometrial adenocarcinomas over a 7-year period after reclassifying them under the recent ESMO-ESGO-ESTRO (European Society of Medical Oncology/European Society of Gynaecological Oncology/European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology) consensus classification. METHODS: Archives of a single institution from 2008 to 2014 were studied and patients with stages I-II endometrial adenocarcinoma were reclassified as per the new classification for uniformity...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675625/multidetector-ct-of-iatrogenic-and-self-inflicted-vascular-lesions-and-infections-at-the-groin
#14
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini, Anna Maria Ierardi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Domenico Laganà
The number and complexity of endovascular procedures performed via either arterial or venous access are steadily increasing. Albeit associated with higher morbidity compared to the radial approach, the traditional common femoral artery remains the preferred access site in a variety of cardiac, aortic, oncologic and peripheral vascular procedures. Both transarterial and venous cannulation (for electrophysiology, intravenous laser ablation and central catheterisation) at the groin may result in potentially severe vascular access site complications (VASC)...
April 19, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669684/impact-on-surgical-and-oncological-results-of-the-use-of-colonic-stents-as-a-bridge-to-surgery-for-potentially-curable-occlusive-colorectal-neoplasms
#15
Antònia Crespí-Mir, Juan Manuel Romero-Marcos, Anabel de la Llave-Serralvo, Carlos Dolz-Abadía, José Andrés Cifuentes-Ródenas
INTRODUCTION: The outcomes of patients treated with colonic stents as a bridge to surgery (BTS) have recently been questioned in terms of safety and long-term oncologic outcomes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects on surgical and oncologic outcomes of colonic stents as a BTS for potentially resectable obstructive colorectal cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients operated on for potentially resectable obstructive colorectal cancer with or without distant disease between September 2002 and October 2015, comparing the patients treated with a colonic stent as a BTS (Stent group) with those directly operated on (Surgery group)...
April 15, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662831/the-asia-pacific-consensus-statement-on-laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-report-from-the-7th-asia-pacific-primary-liver-cancer-expert-meeting-held-in-hong-kong
#16
Tan To Cheung, Ho-Seong Han, Wong Hoi She, Kuo-Hsin Chen, Pierce K H Chow, Boon Koon Yoong, Kit Fai Lee, Shoji Kubo, Chung Ngai Tang, Go Wakabayashi
Background: Laparoscopic liver resection has been gaining momentum, and it has become an accepted practice after the two international consensus conferences where experts worked up guidelines to standardize this approach and improve its safety. However, most laparoscopic hepatectomies were performed in patients with liver metastases. The concurrent presence of liver cirrhosis with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) poses a great challenge to clinicians trying to establish a routine use of laparoscopic liver resection for HCC...
March 2018: Liver Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649395/top-10-tips-palliative-care-clinicians-should-know-when-caring-for-patients-with-endometrial-cancer
#17
Brittany A Davidson, Haley A Moss, Jaclyn Arquiette, Arif H Kamal
Endometrial cancer incidence has been increasing over the last two decades, likely due to the obesity epidemic. The majority of these cancers are confined to the uterus at diagnosis and can be cured with surgery. Overall, five-year disease-specific survival is about 80%, but some patients have locally advanced or metastatic disease that is not amenable to control with radiation and/or chemotherapy. Disease-related symptoms are most common in this subset of patients with endometrial cancer, although women with early-stage disease may also experience side effects related to surgical menopause or adjuvant treatment...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645348/retzius-sparing-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-using-revo-i-robotic-surgical-system-surgical-technique-and-results-of-the-first-human-trial
#18
Ki Don Chang, Ali Abdel Raheem, Young Deuk Choi, Byung Ha Chung, Koon Ho Rha
PURPOSE: Recently, Revo-i® robotic surgical system has been proved to be safe in the preclinical animal studies. Our aim was to evaluate the safety and proficiency of Revo-i® robotic platform in the treatment of prostate cancer (PCa). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was carried out on 17 male patients with clinically localized PCa from August 17, 2016, to Feb 23, 2017 at our urology department using Revo-i® . Patients underwent Retzius-sparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RP-RARP)...
April 12, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644557/colorectal-liver-metastases-does-the-future-of-precision-medicine-lie-in-genetic-testing
#19
Carlotta Barbon, Georgios Antonios Margonis, Nikolaos Andreatos, Neda Rezaee, Kazunari Sasaki, Stefan Buettner, Christos Damaskos, Timothy M Pawlik, Jin He, Christopher L Wolfgang, Matthew J Weiss
Colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) present an important clinical challenge in both surgical and medical oncology. Despite improvements in management, survival among patients undergoing resection of CRLM is still very variable and there is a paucity of clinical trial data and reliable biomarkers that could guide prognostic forecasts, treatment selection, and follow-up. Fortunately, recent advances in molecular biology and tumor sequencing have identified a number of critical genetic loci and proliferation markers that may hold the key to understanding the biologic behavior of CRLM; specifically, mutations of KRAS, BRAF, TP53, PIK3CA, APC, expression of Ki-67, and the presence of microsatellite instability appear to have a decisive impact on prognosis and response to treatment in patients with CRLM...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629319/liver-transplantation-for-unresectable-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-with-liver-metastases-in-an-era-of-transplant-oncology
#20
REVIEW
Keita Shimata, Yasuhiko Sugawara, Taizo Hibi
Patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) very often present with a metastatic disease at the first diagnosis. Liver transplantation (LT) for unresectable pNET with liver metastases (pNETLM) has been described to prolong survival in highly selected patients, although outcomes were worse than those of patients who underwent LT for gastrointestinal NETLM (GI-NETLM). In this review, several proposed criteria are described with their rationale and controversies. Most of the data used to establish these criteria do not reflect the recent improvements of non-surgical treatments that has changed the landscape of treatment for pNETs, including the development of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy and molecular-targeted agents (sunitinib and everolimus)...
February 2018: Gland Surgery
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