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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143875/the-role-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-and-pet-mri-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#1
Randy Yeh, Laurent Dercle, Ishan Garg, Zhen Jane Wang, David M Hough, Ajit H Goenka
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains a difficult disease to treat and continues to portend a poor prognosis, as most patients are unresectable at diagnosis. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) combined with CT (PET/CT) has been a cornerstone in oncological imaging of different cancers; however, the role of PET/CT in PDAC is continually evolving and currently not well established. Studies have shown the potential of PET/CT in guiding the management of patients with PDAC, with possible added benefit over anatomic imaging with CT or MRI in certain scenarios...
November 16, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141278/a-survey-of-the-neuro-oncology-landscape
#2
REVIEW
Rimas V Lukas, Jing Wu, Mahua Dey, Robin A Buerki, Richard W Byrne, George J Dohrmann
The field of neuro-oncology is evolving rapidly. Many important advances have recently been reported, and other promising investigations have the potential to soon make substantial impacts in the field, especially in the areas of high-grade gliomas and brain metastases. We present an overview of the current status of this field, highlighting the key recent advances as well as representative work of key clinical investigations, since these concepts have the potential to influence clinical management if they are demonstrated to be safe and efficacious...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121285/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-the-oncological-surgical-population-beneficial-or-harmful-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
J P Cata, C E Guerra, G J Chang, V Gottumukkala, G P Joshi
Background: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are effective analgesic drugs. Recent studies have indicated a potential beneficial effect on long-term survival outcomes after cancer surgery but a negative impact on anastomotic leaks. The objective of this study was to objectively assess the implications of the perioperative NSAIDs use on anastomotic leaks and cancer recurrence. Methods: We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library for publications up to mid-January 2017...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#4
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120928/oncologic-considerations-in-the-elderly
#5
Mohamed K Kamel, Jeffrey L Port
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Elderly patients presenting with thoracic malignancies tend to be largely undertreated because of a presumption that this group will incur a high treatment-associated morbidity and mortality. The current review highlights the current practice and recent updates in the surgical management of thoracic malignancies, mainly lung cancer, in the elderly population. RECENT FINDINGS: Lung resections appears to be relatively safe in the elderly patients presenting with lung cancer...
November 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116405/systematic-review-of-studies-reporting-positive-surgical-margins-after-bladder-neck-sparing-radical-prostatectomy
#6
REVIEW
Mariangela Bellangino, Clare Verrill, Tom Leslie, Richard W Bell, Freddie C Hamdy, Alastair D Lamb
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bladder neck preservation (BNP) during radical prostatectomy (RP) has been proposed as a method to improve early recovery of urinary continence after radical prostatectomy. However, there is concern over a possible increase in the risk of positive surgical margins and prostate cancer recurrence rate. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis reported improved early recovery and overall long-term urinary continence without compromising oncologic control. The aim of our study was to perform a critical review of the literature to assess the impact on bladder neck and base margins after bladder neck sparing radical prostatectomy...
November 7, 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112544/european-guidelines-on-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-day-surgery-and-fast-track-surgery
#7
Linas Venclauskas, Juan V Llau, Jean-Yves Jenny, Per Kjaersgaard-Andersen, Øivind Jans
: In recent years, day surgery and fast-track surgery have experienced a continuous increase in volume. Many procedures are now performed on an outpatient protocol, including general, orthopaedic, oncological, reconstructive or vascular surgery. The management of these patients is safe, but the incidence of venous thromboembolism in this population remains unknown. Several risk factors can be identified and stratified derived from studies of inpatient surgical management (e.g. Caprini score). Recommendations for thromboprophylaxis should be tailored from the assessment of both personal and procedure-related risk factors, although with a lack of evidence for application in outpatient management...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110040/-surgical-strategy-in-multimodal-treatment-of-gastric-and-esophageal-cancer
#8
REVIEW
J Hoeppner
The majority of curatively treatable esophageal and gastric carcinomas are currently diagnosed in a locally advanced stage in Western Europe. The vast majority of patients in Western Europe and the USA are now treated in multimodal treatment protocols. These protocols consist of neoadjuvant chemoradiation or perioperative chemotherapy plus radical surgical resection including lymphadenectomy. Radical esophagectomy and gastrectomy are still the main curative therapeutic step in these  multimodal protocols. The current surgical recommendations and guidelines were, however, based on experience and studies from almost exclusively unimodal treatment of patient groups...
November 6, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095708/updates-in-the-management-of-sinonasal-mucosal-melanoma
#9
Meghan M Crippen, Suat Kılıç, Jean A Eloy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SNMM) is an aggressive cancer with a poor prognosis. Although there is significant study surrounding the treatment of sinonasal malignancies and cutaneous melanomas, the rarity of this tumor has largely precluded robust outcomes analyses. The authors of this review seek to provide an overview of the recent literature related to the treatment of SNMM with added context from our institutional experience with this disease. RECENT FINDINGS: In the surgical management of sinonasal malignancies and SNMM specifically, resection via endoscopic endonasal technique appears to offer comparable oncologic outcomes versus an open approach...
October 31, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092758/navigation-guided-resection-of-maxillary-tumours-the-accuracy-of%C3%A2-computer-assisted-surgery-in-terms-of-control-of-resection-margins%C3%A2-a-feasibility-study
#10
Achille Tarsitano, Francesco Ricotta, Gennaro Baldino, Giovanni Badiali, Angelo Pizzigallo, Valerio Ramieri, Piero Cascone, Claudio Marchetti
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of maxillary tumours is often highly complex. The three-dimensional anatomy of the mid-face renders both correct intraoperative orientation and adequate oncological safety difficult to obtain. Recently, computer-assisted techniques and intraoperative navigation have been applied to oncological surgery treating head and neck cancer. However, only a few studies have explored whether preoperative virtual resection planning and intraoperative control of resection margins allow assessment of the surgical margins of the tumour...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089810/training-oncoplastic-breast-surgeons-the-canadian-fellowship-experience
#11
J Maxwell, A Arnaout, R Hanrahan, M Brackstone
BACKGROUND: Oncoplastic breast surgery combines traditional oncologic breast conservation with plastic surgery techniques to achieve improved aesthetic and quality-of-life outcomes without sacrificing oncologic safety. Clinical uptake and training remain limited in the Canadian surgical system. In the present article, we detail the current state of oncoplastic surgery (ops) training in Canada, the United States, and worldwide, as well as the experience of a Canadian clinical fellow in ops...
October 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078698/needlescopic-assisted-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-pulmonary-anatomical-segmentectomy
#12
Shun-Mao Yang, Wen-Ting Wu, Yu-Hsuan Liu, Huan-Jang Ko
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary segmentectomy can be an oncologic equivalent of lobectomy for small non-small cell lung cancer. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has recently showed favorable surgical outcomes, but remains technical demanding, especially in a complex procedure like anatomic segmentectomy. This manuscript demonstrates the surgical techniques for uniportal VATS segmentectomies with the assistance of additional needlescopic instruments. METHODS: Data of 22 consecutive patients who underwent 24 needlescopic-assisted uniportal VATS segmentectomies between December 2016 and June 2017 was analyzed...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078644/technical-considerations-for-the-fully-robotic-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#13
Daniel Galvez, Rebecca Sorber, Ammar A Javed, Jin He
Minimally invasive surgery, including robotic surgery, has become the standard of care for many abdominal procedures. However, the technical complexity associated with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) due to the anatomic location and oncologic characteristics of pancreatic tumors has hindered the widespread application of minimally invasive techniques to this procedure. Recent studies have reported that for experienced surgeons, the application of robotic techniques to PD is associated with equivalent oncologic outcomes and rates of complication when compared to an open operation, and may be associated with accelerated surgical recovery...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078613/the-athens-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-masterclass-an-ambitious-kickstarter
#14
Constantine Marios Soultanis, Diego Gonzalez Rivas, Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Konstantinos Siafakas
The shift from open to minimally invasive techniques in thoracic surgery has been dramatic during the past 10 years. Not only the feasibility, safety, reproducibility and oncologic efficacy of these techniques have been clearly demonstrated, but also their superiority concerning mortality, postoperative pain, postoperative quality of life and recovery. Thus, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is currently the procedure of choice for a wide variety of thoracic interventions, ranging from major pulmonary resections for lung cancer to thymectomy and mediastinal procedures, even to esophageal procedures...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078570/robotic-technological-aids-in-esophageal-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Fabrizio Rebecchi, Marco E Allaix, Mario Morino
Robotic technology is an emerging technology that has been developed in order to overcome some limitations of the standard laparoscopic approach, offering a stereoscopic three-dimensional visualization of the surgical field, increased maneuverability of the surgical tools with consequent increased movement accuracy and precision and improved ergonomics. It has been used for the surgical treatment of most benign esophageal disorders. More recently, it has been proposed also for patients with operable esophageal cancer...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064311/transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-implementation-in-ultra-low-anterior-resection
#16
Hayim Gilshtein, Mariya Neymark, Elias Manassa, Wisam Khoury, Daniel Duek
BACKGROUND: Distal rectal cancer resection is an ongoing challenge for the colorectal surgeon. In recent years new technical approaches, especially with implementation of transanal platforms were developed to help in the visualization and resection of these tumors. Nevertheless, the use of these platforms is demanding with significant complications during the onset phase. METHODS: Patients with very low rectal cancer were operated on in a single tertiary center with a combined abdominal and transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) approach...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049434/survival-outcomes-for-patients-with-t3n0m0-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-glottic-larynx
#17
Huaising C Ko, Paul M Harari, Shuai Chen, Aaron M Wieland, Menggang Yu, Andrew M Baschnagel, Randall J Kimple, Matthew E Witek
Importance: Radiotherapy (RT)-based organ preservation approaches for patients with advanced laryngeal cancer have been established stepwise through prospective randomized clinical trials. However, broad adoption of these approaches has stimulated discussion about long-term results challenging their applicability in a heterogeneous patient population, most recently for patients with T3 disease. Objective: To define outcomes in patients with clinical T3N0M0 glottic laryngeal cancer treated with definitive surgical and RT-based approaches...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975996/laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-tumors-of-the-head-of-pancreas-10-cases-for-a-single-center-experience
#18
F Caruso, G Alessandri, G Cesana, G Castello, M Uccelli, F Ciccarese, R Giorgi, R Villa, B Scotto, S Olmi
OBJECTIVE: The tumors of the head of the pancreas are one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in Western countries. The current gold standard for these tumors is a Whipple procedure. This procedure did not change in its surgical steps since when it was initially introduced in 1935. More recently, a laparoscopic approach with similar outcomes has been described. The aim of this paper is to describe the laparoscopic surgical technique performed in our unit, reporting single center postoperative outcomes...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972833/management-of-patients-with-stage-i-lung-cancer
#19
Jeffrey A Bogart, Jason Wallen
The treatment of stage I non-small-cell lung cancer has advanced markedly over the past century. The transition from therapeutic nihilism with ensured mortality to radical surgery with pneumonectomy to rational oncologic-based resection has resulted in dramatically improved outcomes and reduced morbidity. The superiority of anatomic resection with lobectomy over sublobar resection for fit patients with stage I disease, where more than one half of all patients should expect to be cured, is backed by level 1 evidence...
February 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970847/meeting-highlights-the-second-consensus-conference-for-breast-cancer-treatment-in-korea
#20
Seeyoun Lee, In Hae Park, Seho Park, Joohyuk Sohn, Joon Jeong, Sung Gwe Ahn, Ik Jae Lee, Hae Kyung Lee, Seung Ah Lee, Won Park, Kyung-Hun Lee, Sung-Won Kim, Sang-Ah Han, Kyung Hae Jung, Byung Ho Son
The Korean clinical practice guideline recently developed by the Korean Breast Cancer Society to address the national clinical situation is currently under revision ahead of a seventh recommendation. A second consensus conference was held to further develop this guideline by soliciting opinions regarding important issues related to surgery, radiotherapy, and medical oncology. Several issues were discussed, and the discussion progressed to pros and cons in the context of cases in various clinical situations...
September 2017: Journal of Breast Cancer
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