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Cytokine reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656559/shaping-eosinophil-identity-in-the-tissue-contexts-of-development-homeostasis-and-disease
#1
REVIEW
Hiam Abdala-Valencia, Mackenzie E Coden, Sergio E Chiarella, Elizabeth A Jacobsen, Bruce S Bochner, James J Lee, Sergejs Berdnikovs
Eosinophils play homeostatic roles in different tissues and are found in several organs at a homeostatic baseline, though their tissue numbers increase significantly in development and disease. The morphological, phenotypical, and functional plasticity of recruited eosinophils are influenced by the dynamic tissue microenvironment changes between homeostatic, morphogenetic, and disease states. Activity of the epithelial-mesenchymal interface, extracellular matrix, hormonal inputs, metabolic state of the environment, as well as epithelial and mesenchymal-derived innate cytokines and growth factors all have the potential to regulate the attraction, retention, in situ hematopoiesis, phenotype, and function of eosinophils...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655616/role-of-innate-immunity-in-pathophysiology-of-classical-swine-fever-virus-infection
#2
REVIEW
Mohsan Ullah Goraya, Fozia Ziaghum, Shilong Chen, Ali Raza, Ye Chen
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) infection causes mild to severe diseases among pigs, depending on the age and immune status of the host and viral strains. CSFV targets various cells, including macrophages and conventional and plasmacytoid dendritic cells. Classical swine fever is one of the most devastating diseases of pigs which leads to high morbidity and mortality, and causes significant economic loss worldwide. In response to infection with CSFV, host innate immune system eliminates the virus by recognizing specific viral molecules via distinct cellular pattern recognition receptors...
April 12, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655565/the-tolerogenic-role-of-ifn-%C3%AE
#3
REVIEW
Primož Rožman, Urban Švajger
Due to its extremely pleiotropic nature, the complex effects of IFN-γ exerted both on immune and non-immune cell types still remain only partially understood. The longstanding view of IFN-γ as being a predominantly inflammatory cytokine is constantly challenged by increasing demonstrations of its direct or indirect regulatory roles. Interferon-γ can exert tolerogenic effects on both innate and adaptive immune cell types, promoting tolerance of various antigen-presenting cells, and augmenting function and differentiation of regulatory T cells, respectively...
April 7, 2018: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651744/prospects-of-chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cell-therapy-in-ovarian-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Vishal Jindal, Ena Arora, Sorab Gupta, Amos Lal, Muhammad Masab, Rashmika Potdar
Despite advances in various chemotherapy regimens, current therapeutic options are limited for ovarian cancer patients. Immunotherapy provides a promising and novel treatment option for ovarian cancer. Recently, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy has shown promising results in hematological tumors and current research is going on in various solid tumors like ovarian cancer. CAR T cells are genetically engineered T cells with major histocompatibility complex-independent, tumor-specific, immune-mediated cytolytic actions against cancer cells...
April 12, 2018: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651292/autoantibodies-to-chemokines-and-cytokines-participate-in-the-regulation-of-cancer-and-autoimmunity
#5
REVIEW
Nathan Karin
We have previously shown that predominant expression of key inflammatory cytokines and chemokines at autoimmune sites or tumor sites induces loss of B cells tolerance, resulting in autoantibody production against the dominant cytokine/chemokine that is largely expressed at these sites. These autoantibodies are high-affinity neutralizing antibodies. Based on animal models studies, we suggested that they participate in the regulation of cancer and autoimmunity, albeit at the level of their production cannot entirely prevent the development and progression of these diseases...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650389/-inflammatory-and-immune-biomarkers-of-radiation-response
#6
J P Nesseler, D Schaue, W H McBride, P Nickers
In radiotherapy, the treatment is adapted to each individual to protect healthy tissues but delivers most of time a standard dose according to the tumor histology and site. The only biomarkers studied to individualize the treatment are the HPV status with radiation dose de-escalation strategies, and tumor hypoxia with dose escalation to hypoxic subvolumes using FMISO- or FAZA-PET imaging. In the last decades, evidence has grown about the contribution of the immune system to radiation tumor response. Many preclinical studies have identified some of the mechanisms involved...
April 9, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650269/current-perspectives-on-the-crosstalk-between-lung-cancer-stem-cells-and-cancer-associated-fibroblasts
#7
REVIEW
Cristina Alguacil-Núñez, Inés Ferrer-Ortiz, Elena García-Verdú, Pilar López-Pirez, Irene Maria Llorente-Cortijo, Bruno Sainz
Lung cancer, in particular non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), is the second most common cancer in both men and women and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Its prognosis and diagnosis are determined by several driver mutations and diverse risk factors (e.g. smoking). While immunotherapy has proven effective in some patients, treatment of NSCLC using conventional chemotherapy is largely ineffective. The latter is believed to be due to the existence of a subpopulation of stem-like, highly tumorigenic and chemoresistant cells within the tumor population known as cancer stem cells (CSC)...
May 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649247/serum-interleukin-6-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-are-associated-with-early-graft-regeneration-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#8
Min Suk Chae, Kwang Uck Moon, Hyun Sik Chung, Chul Soo Park, Jaemin Lee, Jong Ho Choi, Sang Hyun Hong
BACKGROUND: Liver graft regeneration is orchestrated by specific and sequential stimuli, including hepatocyte growth factors, cytokines, and catecholamines. We evaluated the association between preoperative serum cytokines and early liver graft regeneration in human living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of adult patients who underwent LDLT from January 2010 to December 2014. Serum cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-2, 6, 10, 12, 17, interferon (IFN)-γ and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were measured in the recipients 1 day before surgery and on postoperative day (POD) 7...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649127/gene-therapy-for-chronic-hbv-can-we-eliminate-cccdna
#9
REVIEW
Kristie Bloom, Mohube Betty Maepa, Abdullah Ely, Patrick Arbuthnot
Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a global health concern and accounts for approximately 1 million deaths annually. Amongst other limitations of current anti-HBV treatment, failure to eliminate the viral covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) and emergence of resistance remain the most worrisome. Viral rebound from latent episomal cccDNA reservoirs occurs following cessation of therapy, patient non-compliance, or the development of escape mutants. Simultaneous viral co-infections, such as by HIV-1, further complicate therapeutic interventions...
April 12, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648904/inflammatory-cytokines-and-depression-in-children-with-cancer-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Gaya Narendran, Lianne Tomfohr, Fiona Schulte
Compared to the general pediatric population, pediatric cancer patients are at increased risk of experiencing depressive symptoms during and after their treatment. Clinically, there exist few resources to guide health care professionals in the care of children with cancer who report depressive symptomatology. Pediatric cancer patients experience unique inflammatory changes secondary to their disease and accompanying treatments. It has been reported that inflammatory changes in the context of illness are related to cytokine dysregulation which in turn may influence the expression of depressive symptoms...
April 12, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644505/cardiotoxicity-of-immunotherapy-incidence-diagnosis-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Aarti Asnani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes cardiotoxicity associated with adoptive T cell therapy and immune checkpoint blockade. RECENT FINDINGS: Cardiotoxicity is a rare but potentially fatal complication associated with novel immunotherapies. Both affinity-enhanced and chimeric antigen receptor T cells have been reported to cause hypotension, arrhythmia, and left ventricular dysfunction, typically in the setting of cytokine release syndrome. Immune checkpoint inhibitors are generally well-tolerated but have the potential to cause myocarditis, with clinical presentations ranging from asymptomatic cardiac biomarker elevation to heart failure, arrhythmia, and cardiogenic shock...
April 11, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629941/b-cells-in-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Mireia Sospedra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although it is becoming increasingly clear that B cells play important roles in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathogenesis, it is incompletely understood how they contribute. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the current knowledge about B cells in MS taking into account MS heterogeneity. RECENT FINDINGS: The efficacy of B cell-depleting therapies has provided strong evidence for the involvement of these cells in MS pathogenesis...
April 7, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629657/advances-in-the-use-of-anti-inflammatory-agents-to-manage-chemotherapy-induced-oral-and-gastrointestinal-mucositis
#13
Vaishnavi J Mahendran, Andrea M Stringer, Susan J Semple, Yunmei Song, Sanjay Garg
Mucositis is a side effect associated with the use of chemotherapy, and has a significant impact on the quality of life. Mucositis, by definition, refers to the inflammation of the mucosa and occurs throughout the alimentary tract from the mouth to anus. Nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) encompasses a family of transcription factors, which upregulate pro-inflammatory cytokines. Both are recognized as key targets in developing therapeutic interventions for chemotherapy-induced mucositis, and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibition may also be beneficial in reducing the severity and duration...
April 8, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628809/cytokine-involvement-in-biological-inflammation-related-to-degenerative-disorders-of-the-intervertebral-disk-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Christopher M De Geer
Objective: The purpose of this narrative literature review is to discuss the literature regarding the potential role that cytokines play in degenerative disk disease. Methods: The inclusion criteria were studies that used inflammatory mediators in advancing disk disease processes. Research studies were limited to the last 3 decades that had free full-text available online in English. Exclusion criteria were review articles and articles pertaining to temporomandibular joints and other joints of the body other than the intervertebral disk...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628283/weathering-the-storm-a-review-of-pre-pregnancy-stress-and-risk-of-spontaneous-abortion
#15
REVIEW
Tyralynn Frazier, Carol J Rowland Hogue, Elizabeth A Bonney, Kathryn M Yount, Brad D Pearce
The Weathering Effect is a theory that links stress exposure, over the life-course, with racial disparities in reproductive outcomes, through the effects of social adversity on a woman's body. The concept of maternal "weathering" captures cumulative somatic and psychological adversities that can exacerbate the effects of aging. Much of the evidence for weathering comes from observational studies linking self-report measures with reproductive outcomes. The purpose of this review is to explore biological mechanisms that underlie these observations...
March 1, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627369/instructive-microenvironments-in-skin-wound-healing-biomaterials-as-signal-releasing-platforms
#16
Oscar Castaño, Soledad Pérez-Amodio, Claudia Navarro, Miguel Ángel Mateos-Timoneda, Elisabeth Engel
Skin wound healing aims to repair and restore tissue through a multistage process that involves different cells and signalling molecules that regulate the cellular response and the dynamic remodelling of the extracellular matrix. Nowadays, several therapies that combine biomolecule signals (growth factors and cytokines) and cells are being proposed. However, a lack of reliable evidence of their efficacy, together with associated issues such as high costs, a lack of standardization, no scalable processes, and storage and regulatory issues, are hampering their application...
April 5, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624084/recent-developments-in-interferon-based-therapies-for-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Laura Dumitrescu, Cris S Constantinescu, Radu Tanasescu
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and disabling immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system. Beta-interferons are the first approved and still the most widely used first-line disease-modifying treatment in MS. Areas covered: Here we focus on recent developments in pharmacology and delivery systems of beta-interferons, and discuss their place within current state of the art therapeutic approaches. We briefly review the clinical trials for classical and PEGylated formulations, emphasizing effectiveness, safety concerns, and tolerability...
April 6, 2018: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623414/ilc2s-in-infectious-diseases-and-organ-specific-fibrosis
#18
REVIEW
Markus Kindermann, Lisa Knipfer, Imke Atreya, Stefan Wirtz
Type 2 immune responses evolved to provide host protection against parasitic infections and to support the repair of infection-induced tissue injury. However, persistent chronic organ damage can result in dysregulated production of critical type 2 cytokines supporting tissue remodeling and fibrosis development. Recently, group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) were newly described as central innate mediators of type 2 responses. In particular, by secretion of the cytokines IL-5, IL-9, and IL-13 and the growth factor amphiregulin in response to the release of tissue-derived alarmins, ILC2s have been shown to substantially contribute to both the dismissal of metazoan parasites and the repair of infection-dependent or sterile tissue damage...
March 26, 2018: Seminars in Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623079/the-significance-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-receptor-type-ii-in-cd8-regulatory-t-cells-and-cd8-effector-t-cells
#19
REVIEW
Lin-Lin Ye, Xiao-Shan Wei, Min Zhang, Yi-Ran Niu, Qiong Zhou
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a pleiotropic cytokine that has both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory functions. The biological functions of TNF are mediated by two receptors, TNF receptor type I (TNFR1) and TNF receptor type II (TNFR2). TNFR1 is expressed universally on almost all cell types and has been extensively studied, whereas TNFR2 is mainly restricted to immune cells and some tumor cells and its role is far from clarified. Studies have shown that TNFR2 mediates the stimulatory activity of TNF on CD4+ Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) and CD8+ Foxp3+ Tregs, and is involved in the phenotypic stability, proliferation, activation, and suppressive activity of Tregs...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623033/aggression-social-stress-and-the-immune-system-in-humans-and-animal-models
#20
REVIEW
Aki Takahashi, Meghan E Flanigan, Bruce S McEwen, Scott J Russo
Social stress can lead to the development of psychological problems ranging from exaggerated anxiety and depression to antisocial and violence-related behaviors. Increasing evidence suggests that the immune system is involved in responses to social stress in adulthood. For example, human studies show that individuals with high aggression traits display heightened inflammatory cytokine levels and dysregulated immune responses such as slower wound healing. Similar findings have been observed in patients with depression, and comorbidity of depression and aggression was correlated with stronger immune dysregulation...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
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