keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Etiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110481/pregnancy-associated-transient-osteoporosis-of-the-hip-results-of-a-case-control-study
#1
Peyman Hadji, Jelena Boekhoff, Melitta Hahn, Lars Hellmeyer, Olaf Hars, Ioannis Kyvernitakis
: The etiology and underlying mechanisms of transient of osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) during pregnancy are still unclear, since no systematic analyses exist. Our results support the hypothesis that TOH is a multifactorial disease, which is associated with immobility, dental problems, and lack of exercise in childhood. INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-associated transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a rare but severe form of osteoporosis, which may affect a subgroup of women in the last trimester of pregnancy or immediately postpartum...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110337/investigating-the-etiology-of-bronchiectasis-you-do-not-find-what-you-do-not-look-for
#2
Francesco Amati, Elisa Franceschi, Andrea Gramegna, James D Chalmers, Stefano Aliberti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110320/acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-recent-update
#3
Alam Azeem, Chun Suen Ka, Ma Daqing
Acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) was first described in 1995 as a clinical syndrome distinct to classic acute decompensation. Characterized by complications of decompensation, ACLF occurs on a background of chronic liver dysfunction and is associated with high rates of organ failure and significant short-term mortality estimated between 45% and 90%. Despite the clinical relevance of the condition, it still remains largely undefined with continued disagreement regarding its precise etiological factors, clinical course, prognostic criteria and management pathways...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109996/survival-in-ventricular-fibrillation-with-emphasis-on-the-number-of-defibrillations-in-relation-to-other-factors-at-resuscitation
#4
Johan Holmén, Jacob Hollenberg, Andreas Claesson, Maria Jiménez Herrera, Youcef Azeli, Johan Herlitz, Christer Axelsson
INTRODUCTION: Mortality after out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is high and a shockable rhythm is a key predictor of survival. A concomitant need for repeated shocks appears to be associated with less favourable outcome. AIM: To, among patients found in ventricular fibrillation (VF) or pulseless ventricular tachycardia (pVT) describe: a) factors associated with 30-day survival with emphasis on the number of defibrillatory shocks delivered; b) the distribution of and the characteristics of patients in relation to the number of defibrillatory shocks that were delivered...
January 18, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109907/circadian-gene-variants-and-breast-cancer
#5
Edyta Reszka, Monika Przybek, Olav Muurlink, Beata Peplonska
The endogenous and self-sustained circadian rhythm generated and maintained in suprachiasmatic nucleus and peripheral tissues can coordinate various molecular, biochemical and physiological processes in living organisms resulting in the adaptation to environmental cues, e.g. light. Multifactorial breast cancer etiology also involves circadian gene alterations, especially among individuals exposed to light at night. Indeed, shift work that causes circadian disruption has been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as a probable human carcinogen, group 2A...
January 18, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109842/reverse-transcriptase-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-for-the-detection-of-feline-coronavirus
#6
Angelica Stranieri, Stefania Lauzi, Alessia Giordano, Saverio Paltrinieri
The Feline coronavirus (FCoV) is the etiological agent of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a lethal disease of felids. The role of molecular methods is controversial for the diagnosis of FIP, while essential for the identification of the shedders. Thus, a fast and inexpensive method for the detection of FCoV could be beneficial, especially in multicat environments. A reverse transcription loop mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed. RNA extraction and RT-nPCR for FCoV were performed on thirty-two samples (11 faeces, 9 blood, 8 effusions, and 4 lymph nodes) collected from 27 cats...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109821/calcium-pyrophosphate-deposition-disease-revealing-a-hypersensitivity-to-vitamin-d
#7
Pauline Baudart, Arnaud Molin, Johann Cesini, Glenville Jones, Martin Kaufmann, Marie Laure Kottler, Christian Marcelli
OBJECTIVE: Hypersensitivity to vitamin D (HVD) due to a loss of function mutation of the CYP24A1 gene, which encodes vitamin D catabolizing enzyme was initially described as a cause of acute hypercalcemia in children and chronic renal diseases in adults. METHODS: We describe the first case of a patient presenting a calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPDD) revealing a HVD. RESULTS: An abnormality of phospho-calcic metabolism was discovered during the course of an etiological workup for CPDD in a 52-year-old patient...
January 18, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109687/-ocular-graft-versus-host-disease-an-often-misdiagnosed-etiology-of-dry-eye-syndrome
#8
L Moyal, R Adam, J Akesbi, F T Rodallec, J-P Nordmann
PURPOSE: To report a case of severe ocular graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after cataract surgery. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: We describe the case of a 59-year-old man with postoperative corneal ulcer on his only functional eye. His past history reported allogenic bone marrow transplant. His visual acuity (VA) was limited to hand motions. Slit lamp examination revealed diffuse conjunctival hyperemia, severe blepharitis, Meibomian dysfunction, total corneal opacification with epithelial and stromal keratitis and neovascular invasion...
January 18, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109560/etiologies-trends-and-predictors-of-30-day-readmission-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#9
Shilpkumar Arora, Prashant Patel, Sopan Lahewala, Nilay Patel, Nileshkumar J Patel, Kosha Thakore, Aditi Amin, Byomesh Tripathi, Varun Kumar, Harshil Shah, Mahek Shah, Sidakpal Panaich, Abhishek Deshmukh, Apurva Badheka, Umesh Gidwani, Radha Gopalan
Heart failure (HF) is the most common discharge diagnosis across the United States, and these patients are particularly vulnerable to readmissions, increasing attention to potential ways to address the problem. The study cohort was derived from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's National Readmission Data 2013, sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. HF was identified using appropriate International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes. Readmission was defined as a subsequent hospital admission within 30 days after discharge day of index admission...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109495/swallowing-function-in-pediatric-patients-with-bilateral-vocal-fold-immobility
#10
Jeffrey Hsu, Kathleen M Tibbetts, Derek Wu, Michel Nassar, Melin Tan
INTRODUCTION: Infants with bilateral vocal fold immobility (BVFI) often have poor swallow function in addition to potential airway compromise. While there are several reports on BVFI and its effect on patients' airway status, little is known about long term swallow function. OBJECTIVES: We aim to characterize the swallowing function over time in pediatric patients with bilateral vocal fold immobility. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of infants diagnosed with BVFI at a tertiary care children's hospital between 2005 and 2014 was conducted...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109471/smoking-status-regulates-a-novel-panel-of-piwi-interacting-rnas-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Aswini R Krishnan, Avinaash Korrapati, Angela E Zou, Yuanhao Qu, Xiao Qi Wang, Joseph A Califano, Jessica Wang-Rodriguez, Scott M Lippman, Melbourne F Hovell, Weg M Ongkeko
OBJECTIVE: Smoking remains a primary etiological factor in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Given that non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), including PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), have emerged as mediators of initiation and progression in head and neck malignancies, we undertook a global study of piRNA expression patterns in smoking-associated HNSCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using RNA-sequencing data from 256 current smoker and lifelong nonsmoker samples in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we analyzed the differential expression patterns of 27,127 piRNAs across patient cohorts stratified by tobacco use, with HPV16 status and tumor status taken into account...
February 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109254/letm-presented-with-causalgia-and-ensued-by-sudden-death
#12
Rana Alnasser Alsukhni, Yasmin Aboras, Ziena Jriekh, Mahmoud Almalla, Ahmad Sheikh El-Kahwateya
BACKGROUND: Longitudinally Extensive Transverse Myelitis LETM is a specific pattern of myelitis wherein at least three continuous vertebral segments are involved. Characteristically, it is a defining feature of neuromyelitis optica NMO. However, it is described in many other etiologies. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of 60 year old male who presented with symptoms and signs of regional sympathetic dystrophy RSD followed by symptoms of myelitis. Spinal cord MRI revealed cervical LETM extending to the brainstem...
January 21, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109210/surgical-repair-of-moderate-ischemic-mitral-regurgitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Mahesh Anantha Narayanan, Saurabh Aggarwal, Yogesh N V Reddy, Venkata M Alla, Janani Baskaran, Arun Kanmanthareddy, Rakesh M Suri
Introduction Moderate mitral regurgitation (MR) of ischemic etiology has been associated with worse outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Studies comparing concomitant mitral valve replacement/repair (MVR/Re) with CABG and standalone CABG have reported conflicting results. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature. Patients and Methods We searched using PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Google scholar databases from January 1960 to June 2016 for clinical trials comparing CABG to CABG + MVR/Re for moderate MR...
January 21, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109119/serotonin-transporter-protects-the-placental-cells-against-apoptosis-in-caspase-3-independent-pathway
#14
Coedy Hadden, Tariq Fahmi, Anthonya Cooper, Alena V Savenka, Vladimir V Lupashin, Drucilla J Roberts, Luc Maroteaux, Sylvie Hauguel-de Mouzon, Fusun Kilic
Serotonin (5-HT) and its specific transporter, SERT play important roles in pregnancy. Using placentas dissected from 18d gestational SERT-knock out (KO), peripheral 5-HT (TPH1)-KO and wild-type (WT) mice, we explored the role of 5-HT and SERT in placental functions in detail. An abnormal thick band of fibrosis and necrosis under the giant cell layer in SERT-KO placentas appeared only moderately in TPH1-KO and minimally present in WT placentas. The majority of the changes were located at the junctional zone of the placentas in SERT...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109013/investigation-of-genetic-defects-in-severe-combined-immunodeficiency-patients-from-turkey-by-targeted-sequencing
#15
Baran Erman, Ivan Bilic, Tatjana Hirschmugl, Elisabeth Salzer, Heidrun Boztug, Özden Sanal, Deniz Çağdaş Ayvaz, Ilhan Tezcan, Kaan Boztug
Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) represent a large group of disorders with an increased susceptibility to infections. Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is the most severe form of primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) with marked T-cell lymphopenia. Investigation of the genetic etiology using classical Sanger sequencing is associated with considerable diagnostic delay. We here established a custom-designed, next generation sequencing-based panel to efficiently identify disease-causing genetic defects in PID patients and applied this method in SCID patients of Turkish origin with previously undefined genetic etiology...
January 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108990/geographic-heterogeneity-in-the-prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#16
Devasena Anantharaman, Behnoush Abedi-Ardekani, Daniel C Beachler, Tarik Gheit, Andrew F Olshan, Kathy Wisniewski, Victor Wunsch-Filho, Tatiana N Toporcov, Eloiza H Tajara, José Eduardo Levi, Raquel A Moyses, Stefania Boccia, Gabriella Cadoni, Guido Rindi, Wolfgang Ahrens, Franco Merletti, David I Conway, Sylvia Wright, Christine Carreira, Helene Renard, Priscilia Chopard, Sandrine McKay-Chopin, Ghislaine Scelo, Massimo Tommasino, Paul Brennan, Gypsyamber D'Souza
Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), although strongly divergent results have been reported regarding the prevalence of HPV16 in different countries, whether this represents important differences in etiology remains unclear. Applying rigorous protocols for sample processing, we centrally evaluated 1420 head and neck tumors (533 oropharynx, 395 oral cavity and 482 larynx) from studies conducted in the US, Europe and Brazil for mucosal HPV DNA and p16(INK4a) expression to evaluate regional heterogeneity in the proportion of HPV16-associated OPSCC and other head and neck cancer, and to assess covariates associated with the risk of HPV16-positive OPSCC...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108946/in-vivo-neuroimaging-and-behavioral-correlates-in-a-rat-model-of-chemotherapy-induced-cognitive-dysfunction
#17
Robert L Barry, Nellie E Byun, M Noor Tantawy, Chase A Mackey, George H Wilson, Adam J Stark, Michael P Flom, Laura C Gee, C Chad Quarles
Adjuvant chemotherapy has been used for decades to treat cancer, and it is well known that disruptions in cognitive function and memory are common chemotherapeutic adverse effects. However, studies using neuropsychological metrics have also reported group differences in cognitive function and memory before or without chemotherapy, suggesting that complex factors obscure the true etiology of chemotherapy-induced cognitive dysfunction (CICD) in humans. Therefore, to better understand possible mechanisms of CICD, we explored the effects of CICD in rats through cognition testing using novel object recognition (NOR) and contextual fear conditioning (CFC), and through metabolic neuroimaging via [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)...
January 20, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108944/the-seroprevalence-of-antithyroid-peroxidase-antibodies-in-bipolar-families-and-bipolar-twins-results-from-two-longitudinal-studies
#18
G Snijders, L de Witte, E Mesman, S Kemner, R Vonk, R Brouwer, W A Nolen, H A Drexhage, M H J Hillegers
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of our group among bipolar offspring and bipolar twins showed significant higher prevalence's and levels of antithyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Abs) in offspring and co-twins (without a mood disorder) compared to controls, suggesting that TPO-Abs might be considered as vulnerability factor (trait marker) for BD development. OBJECTIVES: Here we elucidate, in the same cohorts, but now after 12- and 6-year follow-up, whether TPO-abs should be considered as a 'trait' marker for BD...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108881/diagnostic-performance-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-in-identifying-the-etiology-of-respiratory-distress-in-neonates
#19
Harish Rachuri, Tejo Pratap Oleti, Srinivas Murki, Sreeram Subramanian, Jayalatha Nethagani
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic test performance of Point of care ultrasonography (PoC-USG) for identifying the etiology of respiratory distress (RD) in neonates when combination of radiological and clinical criteria is considered as the gold standard. METHODS: A neonate was included in the study if he/she had RD and underwent x-ray chest and ultrasound within 4 h of admission and the age was less than 24 h. The neonates admitted with non-respiratory illness were chosen as controls...
January 21, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108863/genetic-and-environmental-structure-of-dsm-iv-criteria-for-antisocial-personality-disorder-a-twin-study
#20
Tom Rosenström, Eivind Ystrom, Fartein Ask Torvik, Nikolai Olavi Czajkowski, Nathan A Gillespie, Steven H Aggen, Robert F Krueger, Kenneth S Kendler, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud
Results from previous studies on DSM-IV and DSM-5 Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) have suggested that the construct is etiologically multidimensional. To our knowledge, however, the structure of genetic and environmental influences in ASPD has not been examined using an appropriate range of biometric models and diagnostic interviews. The 7 ASPD criteria (section A) were assessed in a population-based sample of 2794 Norwegian twins by a structured interview for DSM-IV personality disorders. Exploratory analyses were conducted at the phenotypic level...
January 21, 2017: Behavior Genetics
keyword
keyword
70868
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"