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Eva Jangland, Pia Yngman Uhlin, Erebouni Arakelian
The position of Nurse Practitioner is a new role in Nordic countries. The transition from a registered nurse to the Nurse Practitioner role has been reported to be a personal challenge. This study, guided by the Nordic theoretical model for use in the education of advanced practice nurses, represents a unique opportunity to describe this transition for newly graduated Nurse Practitioners in an interprofessional surgical care team in Sweden. The aim was to explore how the first Nurse Practitioners in surgical care experienced the transition into a new role and what competences they used in the team...
October 15, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Michelle Gray, Anne Malott, Beth Murray Davis, Christine Sandor
BACKGROUND: contemporary knowledge related to the experiences of new midwifery practitioners is limited to countries that run hospital-based transition to practice programmes within an employment contract arrangement, such as the United Kingdom, and Australia. Less is known of the experiences of New Midwifery Practitioners (NMPs) who transition into autonomous private practice in New Zealand, Canada and the Netherlands. PURPOSE: the purpose of this paper is to report on a scoping review of the way NMPs are transitioned to practice in the first year of registered practice across the selected countries...
September 28, 2016: Midwifery
Suzanne M Thompson, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze, Lisa Kane Low, Raymond de Vries
OBJECTIVE: to describe Dutch midwives' attitudes toward, and motivations for, the promotion of physiological childbirth and to identify factors associated with those attitudes and motivations. DESIGN: exploratory, qualitative design using focus groups. SETTING: The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: hospital- and community-based midwives. FINDINGS: four themes emerged: physiological birth as a continuum, navigating the settings, woman-centeredness and competence and confidence...
September 28, 2016: Midwifery
Jane Desborough, Nasser Bagheri, Michelle Banfield, Jane Mills, Christine Phillips, Rosemary Korda
BACKGROUND: The numbers of nurses in general practice in Australia tripled between 2004 and 2012. However, evidence on whether nursing care in general practice improves patient outcomes is scarce. Although patient satisfaction and enablement have been examined extensively as outcomes of general practitioner care, there is little research into these outcomes from nursing care in general practice. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between specific general practice characteristics and nurse consultation characteristics, and patient satisfaction and enablement METHODS: A mixed methods study examined a cross-section of patients from 21 general practices in the Australian Capital Territory...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Nadine Ijaz, Heather Boon, Linda Muzzin, Sandy Welsh
Several United Nations bodies have advised countries to actively preserve Traditional Medicine (TM) knowledge and prevent its misappropriation in regulatory structures. To help advance decision-making around this complex regulatory issue, we examine the relationship between risk discourse, epistemology and policy. This study presents a critical, postcolonial analysis of divergent risk discourses elaborated in two contrasting Ontario (Canada) government reports preceding that jurisdiction's regulation of acupuncture, the world's most widely practised TM therapy...
August 24, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Geir K Hanssen, Yngve Dahl
Purpose: Our purpose is to provide insight into the added value of applying a participatory design approach in the design of an interactive sound environment simulator to facilitate communication and understanding between patients and audiologists in consultation situations. Method: We have applied a qualitative approach, presenting results and discussion in the form of a story, following 3 consecutive steps: problem investigation, design, and evaluation. Results: We provide an overview of lessons learned, emphasizing how patients and audiologists took roles and responsibilities in the design process and the effects of this involvement...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Mary Anne Purtzer, Carol J Hermansen-Kobulnicky
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To investigate oncology professionals' perspectives about, experience with, and envisioned feasibility of incorporating patient self-monitoring as a patient-centered practice. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: An interpretive, descriptive study.
. SETTING: Four health systems and five cancer centers in three states. 
. PARTICIPANTS: 38 nurses, nurse practitioners, oncologists, physician assistants, and radiation therapists...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Susan L Garber
Every day, in clinics and hospitals around the world, occupational therapists care for patients with serious problems requiring viable solutions. Each patient is unique, and his or her problem does not necessarily correspond to existing practice models. Practitioners must adapt standard approaches to provide effective outcomes, yet problems exist for which few or no beneficial approaches have been identified. Such clinical issues require solutions to be generated de novo from the practitioner's body of knowledge and past experience...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Amy J Lamb
Occupational therapy practitioners can embrace the distinct value of occupational therapy by harnessing the power of authenticity in our daily practice. Practitioners, educators, students, and researchers being true to our core values, as well as the historical roots of the profession, will demonstrate how occupational therapy enhances clients' quality of life and positively affects their everyday lives. By harnessing the power of authenticity, we can drive the profession of occupational therapy into the future as practitioners with influence to meet the dynamic needs of health care and education systems...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Virginia Ginny Stoffel
Family is a metaphor for the connectedness that occupational therapy practitioners and students feel for one another, for the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), and toward those served. Exploring values and cultural practices that emanate from family experiences affects how we practice occupational therapy and engage with families; how we serve and lead; and how, as the profession approaches its 100th anniversary in the United States, we strengthen AOTA by welcoming all 213,000 practitioners and students who could become active, engaged members...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Christopher L Grote, Julia I Novitski
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize data provided by special issue authors regarding the education, training, and practice of neuropsychologists from 14 surveyed countries. METHOD: A table was constructed to present an overview of variables of interest. RESULTS: There is considerable diversity among surveyed countries regarding the education and training required to enter practice as a clinical neuropsychologist. Clinical neuropsychologists are typically well compensated, at least in comparison to what constitutes an average salary in each country...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
A C Shortall, R B Price, L MacKenzie, F J T Burke
Light curing is a critical step in the restorative process when using light-activated resin-based composites, but it is frequently not given the attention it deserves. The selection of a reliable light curing unit (LCU) that meets the practitioner's needs is an important equipment purchase. Using an inappropriate LCU may seriously compromise the quality of care without the practitioner realising their mistake until years later. The importance of the subject is reflected by the rapidly increasing use of light-cured composites and the decline in the use of amalgam...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
P Jauhar, P A Mossey, H Popat, J Seehra, P S Fleming
Background Undergraduate orthodontic teaching has been focused on developing an understanding of occlusal development in an effort to equip practitioners to make appropriate referrals for specialist-delivered care. However, there is a growing interest among general dentists in delivering more specialised treatments, including short-term orthodontic alignment. This study aimed to assess the levels of knowledge of occlusal problems among final year undergraduate dental students, as well as their interest in various orthodontics techniques and training...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Nikisha Mehta, Zoe Marshman
BackgroundThis systematic appraisal was conducted to determine if the Evidence-Based Dentistry Journal (EBDJ) acts as a reliable and contemporary source of knowledge for practitioners across all disciplines within dentistry.ObjectivesThe main objectives were to determine i) the year the articles were published and included in the EBDJ; ii) if the articles published covered all fields equally within dentistry; iii) the type of study design of the articles reported in the journal and; iv) the level of expertise of the writers of the commentaries...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Madhav V Deo
A buzzword in Indian press and amongst the policy makers is that India is short of the WHO recommended doctor to population ratio of 1:1000. The recommendations were formulated to facilitate programs to achieve some of the health related UN-Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Infections and malnutrition, which can be comfortably handled by a basic MBBS doctor, were the dominant health issues at the time of the formulation of the MDGs. However, all countries worldwide are going through health epidemiological transition and health impact of the non-communicable disorders (NCDs) can be no more ignored even by the low income nations...
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Lyndon G Amorin-Woods, Gregory F Parkin-Smith, Lee Nedkoff, Colleen Fisher
BACKGROUND: This paper reports the quantitative outcomes of a mixed-methods pilot study of the characteristics and demographics of chiropractic practices and patients in Western Australia. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods data transformation model (qualitative to quantitative) pilot study. A non-random sample of chiropractic practices across Western Australia was recruited and data collected anonymously from consecutive new patients using an online platform. Data covered practice and patient demographics and characteristics, alongside quality of life measures...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Kristen L Marjama, JoAnn S Oliver, Jennifer Hayes
IN BRIEF This article describes a study to gain insight into the utility and perceived feasibility of the American Diabetes Association's Diabetes Risk Test (DRT) implemented by nurse practitioners (NPs) in the retail clinic setting. The DRT is intended for those without a known risk for diabetes. Researchers invited 1,097 NPs working in the retail clinics of a nationwide company to participate voluntarily in an online questionnaire. Of the 248 NPs who sent in complete responses, 114 (46%) indicated that they used the DRT in the clinic...
October 2016: Clinical Diabetes: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
Martin Duignan, Mary McGibney
BACKGROUND: Patellar dislocations are common, particularly in the adolescent polulation. Registered Advanced Nurse Practitioners are healthcare professionals who can appropriately manage these injuries to minimise the risk of chronicity. METHODS: This is a case study which uses a clinical examplar from the authors practice focusing on the assessment, diagnosis and managment of patellar dislocations. Particular reference is made of the significance of the MPFL. RESULTS: This paper highlights the importance of recognition of appropriate management of patellar dislocations in the ED setting...
October 17, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
Simeon Gill, Christopher J Parker
Ergonomic measurement is central to product design and development; especially for body worn products and clothing. However, there is a large variation in measurement definitions, complicated by new body scanning technology that captures measurements in a posture different to traditional manual methods. Investigations of hip measurement definitions in current clothing measurement practices supports analysis of the effect of scan posture and hip measurement definition on the circumferences of the hip. Here, the hip girth is a key clothing measurement that is not defined in current body scanning measurement standards...
October 20, 2016: Ergonomics
Rena Zendedel, Barbara C Schouten, Julia C M van Weert, Bas van den Putte
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perspective of Turkish-Dutch general practitioner (GP) patients on informal interpreting from an integrated theory base, focusing on interpreters' roles, trust and power. DESIGN: Semi-structured in depth interviews were conducted with 21 first-generation Turkish-Dutch migrant patients who made use of informal interpreters to communicate with their GPs. An interview guide was designed based on the theoretical framework of interpreter's roles, trust and power, covering questions about interpreters' role, trust in informal/professional interpreters and power division in the medical consultation...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
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