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Dental residency

Frank A Scannapieco, Summar Amin, Marc Salme, Mine Tezal
PURPOSE: To describe factors associated with the utilization of dental services in a long-term care facility (LTCF) in Western New York. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A descriptive cross-sectional study reviewed the dental and medical records of residents of an LTCF discharged between January 1, 2008 and December 30, 2012. Information on demographic and health variables at admission was extracted from electronic health records. Information on oral health variables was extracted from patient charts...
October 20, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Najith Amarasena, Kostas Kapellas, Michael R Skilton, Louise J Maple-Brown, Alex Brown, Mark Bartold, Kerin O'Dea, David Celermajer, Lisa M Jamieson
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with routine dental attendance in Aboriginal Australians. METHODS: Data of 271 Aboriginal adults residing in Australia's Northern Territory were used. Routine dental attendance was defined as last visiting a dentist less than one year ago or visiting a dentist for a check-up. Both bivariate and multivariable analytical techniques were used. RESULTS: While 27% visited a dentist in the past year, 29% of these visited for a check-up...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Machiko Shimmura-Tomita, Shigeto Shimmura, Kazuo Tsubota, Jun Shimazaki
BACKGROUND: Reports on keratoplasty by residents are rare compared to those on cataract surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the results and surgery time of penetrating keratoplasty performed by residents and an experienced cornea surgeon. METHODS: The medical records and surgery videos of the first 5 penetrating keratoplasty procedures by 4 residents were reviewed and compared with those in 20 penetrating keratoplasty procedures by an experienced cornea surgeon...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Dennis Flanagan
E. faecalis appears in many tooth root infections and is not eliminated by root canal therapy. It can reside in tooth root canals and the surrounding bone. This species may vegetate in bone after extraction of an infected tooth and colonize a dental implant after placement in the healed site. A colonization may cause fixture loss or marginal bone loss. These colonizations are generally multi-bacterial and pathogenic properties can be shared via plasmids. However, E. faecalis is not detectable with some culture techniques and thus can be missed...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Oral Implantology
Elena Nazarova, Melanie Martin-Peele, Judith Fifield
The aims of this study were to assess features of an academic career that dental specialty residents, as a group and by gender, find most attractive and to identify what determines their expectations for responsibilities and professional growth in academic employment. In November 2013, an invitation to participate in the study along with a link to an online survey was sent to the 407 U.S. program directors of six of the dental specialties (endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, prosthodontics, and orthodontics), asking them to forward the survey to their residents...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Brandon G Coleman, Thomas M Johnson, Kenneth J Erley, Richard Topolski, Michael Rethman, Douglas D Lancaster
In recent years, evidence-based dentistry has become the ideal for research, academia, and clinical practice. However, barriers to implementation are many, including the complexity of interpreting conflicting evidence as well as difficulties in accessing it. Furthermore, many proponents of evidence-based care seem to assume that good evidence consistently exists and that clinicians can and will objectively evaluate data so as to apply the best evidence to individual patients' needs. The authors argue that these shortcomings may mislead many clinicians and that students should be adequately prepared to cope with some of the more complex issues surrounding evidence-based practice...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Martina Albrecht, Ramona Kupfer, Daniel R Reissmann, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Sascha Köpke
BACKGROUND: Associations between nursing home residents' oral health status and quality of life, respiratory tract infections, and nutritional status have been reported. Educational interventions for nurses or residents, or both, focusing on knowledge and skills related to oral health management may have the potential to improve residents' oral health. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral health educational interventions for nursing home staff or residents, or both, to maintain or improve the oral health of nursing home residents...
September 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Pushpa Thapa, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Suresh Mehata, Abhinav Vaidya, Bijay Kumar Jha, Meghnath Dhimal, Shaili Pradhan, Purushottam Dhakal, Arpana Pandit, Achyut Raj Pandey, Bihungum Bista, Ava Upadhyay Pokhrel, Khem Bahadur Karki
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases remain a significant public health problem in Nepal, as do oral health behaviours. Socio-demographic factors play a crucial role in driving oral hygiene practices. This study aims to identify oral hygiene practices and associated socio-demographic factors in Nepalese population. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study recruited 4200 adults (15-69 years) through multistage cluster sampling. Data obtained from the WHO NCD STEPS instrument version 2...
September 29, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Deepa Gurunathan, Arunachalam Karthikeyan Shanmugaavel
BACKGROUND: Child dental neglect is the failure of a parent or guardian to meet the child's basic oral health needs such that the child enjoys adequate function and freedom from pain and infection, where reasonable resources are available to family or caregiver. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the phenomenon of dental neglect among children in Chennai and to associate dental neglect with oral health status of children aged 3-12 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 478 pairs of parents and children...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Y Pradeep, Kalyan K Chakravarty, Kavya Simhadri, Alexis Ghenam, Guntipalli M Naidu, Sudhakar Vundavalli
AIMS: To identify the relation between need, demand, and effective demand for dental services in Andhra Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study performed among populations residing in the rural and urban areas of Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Data were collected from 3102 individuals who were selected through multiphase random sampling. Data regarding self-perceived dental need, dental service utilization, and barriers for utilization were collected through s pretested questionnaire followed by type-III clinical examination to assess the normative need of the individuals...
August 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Faye Daouda, Kanouté Aïda, Lo Cheikh Mbacké, Mbaye Mamadou
OBJECTIVE: Dental caries is frequently observed in children, particularly among those residing in developing countries. The most adapted strategies against this pathology remains prevention based on information, education, and communication (IEC), as well as on early diagnosis and treatment. We carried out a study that aimed to analyze the development of dental caries in a cohort of school children followed during their primary education. The objective was to assess the evolution of the dental status of a cohort of students during their elementary curriculum...
August 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Yun-Gang Lv, Li Kang, Guangyao Wu
Estrogen deficiency in postmenopausal women frequently activates osteoclasts (OC), accelerates bone resorption, and leads to osteoporosis (OP). Previous studies have demonstrated that interferon γ (IFNγ) could increase bone resorption and may be involved in postmenopausal OP. Fluorosis also increased the risk of fractures and dental fluorosis, and fluoride may enhance osteoclast formation and induce osteoclastic bone destruction in postmenopausal women, but the underlying mechanisms are as yet unknown. Here, we show that serum fluoride and IFNγ levels are negatively correlated with bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women residing in a fluorotic area...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Swati Gupta, P K Jain, Madhumani Kumra, Shweta Rehani, Yulia Mathias, Ramakant Gupta, Monica Mehendiratta, Anil Chander
INTRODUCTION: Chronic inflammatory periodontal diseases i.e. gingivitis and periodontitis are one of the most common afflictions faced by human beings. Dental plaque, which is a pool of pathogenic microorganisms, remains to be current mainstay in etiopathogenesis. Dental calculus, which is a mineralized product of this plaque remains ignored and is considered merely as an ash heap of minor significance. However, the intriguing array in disease etiopathogenesis bulldozed researchers to suspect the role of calculus in disease chrysalis but still the viability of bacteria inside calculus and thus its pathogenicity remains an intricacy; the answer to which lies in the Pandora's Box...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Leila Vakili, Farzin Halabchi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mohammad Reza Khami, Shahla Irandoost, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are common problems among dentists. These conditions may lead to inappropriate postures and impairment in physical and psychological function. On the other hand, poor postures and inappropriate ergonomic may result in a wide variety of musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of common postural disorders of the spine and shoulder girdle among the dentists and possible correlations between demographic, anthropometric and occupational characteristics with these abnormal postures...
June 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
Dafna Benadof, Evlambia Hajishengallis, Amanda Cole, Carolina Vidal
BACKGROUND: The parent's ability to obtain, process, and understand important oral health information (i.e., their oral health literacy) is directly related to their child's oral health status. AIM: To assess the relationship between oral literacy demands placed on parents by dentists and parents' understanding of dental information given to them. DESIGN: Thirty-one consenting primary caregivers of children attending their first dental visit completed a demographic survey, a REALD-30 test, and a survey to test understanding of dental information...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Amy N Smith, Linda D Boyd, Christine Macarelli Rogers, Ronald C Le Jeune
Increasing the knowledge base of its practitioners through formal education is vital to advancing the dental hygiene profession, ensuring practitioners' readiness for participation in future health care workforce models, and preparing future dental hygiene educators. The aim of this study was to discover the value of, barriers to, and motivations for graduate education among dental hygienists as a first step toward establishing ways to stimulate enrollment and facilitate program change. A qualitative pilot study design was used, with focus groups used for data collection...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Marie D Jena, Peter W Marcello, Patricia L Roberts, Thomas E Read, David J Schoetz, Jason F Hall, Todd Francone, Rocco Ricciardi
The aim of this article is to evaluate geographic variation in the incidence of diverticulitis and examine behavioral and environmental factors associated with high rates of diverticulitis across the United States. We used state hospital discharge data from 20 states to determine rates of inpatient diverticulitis from January 2002 to December 2004 at patient's county of residence. Next, we merged the county level data with behavioral and environmental survey data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Deborah Mattheus, Maureen Shannon, Eunjung Lim, Krupa Gandhi
Periodontal disease during pregnancy has the potential to increase the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes including preterm labor (PTL), prematurity, and low birth weight (LBW). Despite professional recommendations on the importance and safety of dental assessments and treatments, the rate of dental care utilization during pregnancy remains low. The purpose of this study was to document the utilization of dental services and explore the relationships among socio-demographic factors, dental problems, and PTL in pregnant women residing in Hawai'i...
August 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Elise W Sarvas, Scott A Schwantes, Jeffrey M Karp
Pediatric dentists are the primary providers of dental homes for children with life-threatening and complex chronic conditions. These children are increasingly living at home and seeking health care in community-based settings, including dental offices. Pediatric dentists may feel ill prepared to assume the roles and responsibilities of a pediatric palliative care provider due to limited education and training during dental school and residency; however, they should be sensitive to the palliative care needs of children and families...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Aditya B Patel, Debora C Matthews, Edmond Ghiabi
OBJECTIVE: To document the profile of periodontists in private practice in Canada in terms of services provided and referral patterns. METHODS: An online survey consisted on 45 questions in 3 categories: demographics, referral patterns and periodontal procedures performed. The sampling frame consisted of all active members of the Canadian Academy of Periodontology (n= 280). Letters and email containing links to the online survey were used to invite participants and to send reminders to non-respondents on days 7, 21 and 49...
March 2016: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
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