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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905990/oral-dental-items-in-the-resident-assessment-instrument-minimum-data-set-2-0-lack-validity-results-of-a-retrospective-longitudinal-validation-study
#1
Matthias Hoben, Jeffrey W Poss, Peter G Norton, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Oral health in nursing home residents is poor. Robust, mandated assessment tools such as the Resident Assessment Instrument - Minimum Data Set (RAI-MDS) 2.0 are key to monitoring and improving quality of oral health care in nursing homes. However, psychometric properties of RAI-MDS 2.0 oral/dental items have been challenged and criterion validity of these items has never been assessed. METHODS: We used 73,829 RAI-MDS 2.0 records (13,118 residents), collected in a stratified random sample of 30 urban nursing homes in Western Canada (2007-2012)...
October 21, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902919/geographic-distribution-of-point-in-time-access-to-subsidised-dental-services-in-western-australia
#2
Yevgeni Dudko, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
Dental Health Services (DHS) is the largest public primary oral healthcare provider in WA. The objective of this study was to calculate probable distance patients are expected to travel to the nearest clinic, gauge utilisation rates and predict the direction of likely changes in future demand for subsidised dental care. Eligible population data was collected from the Department of Human Services and the Australian Bureau of Statistics websites and integrated with the waiting list and the recall list data provided by the DHS...
December 1, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861687/-dental-caries-in-12-year-old-schoolchildren-from-a-non-fluoridated-municipality-in-the-western-brazilian-amazon-brazil-2010
#3
Paulo Frazão, Cleber Ronald Inácio Dos Santos, Doroti Elisabete D'Aquino Benicio, Regina Auxiliadora de Amorim Marques, Maria Helena D'Aquino Benício, Marly Augusto Cardoso, Paulo Capel Narvai
OBJECTIVE: to describe dental caries occurrence and dental care received among 12-year-old schoolchildren in a small town in the Amazon region according to sex and area of residence. METHODS: this was a descriptive study conducted in Acrelandia-AC, Brazil, in 2010; DMFT and dental care indexes were estimated in accordance with World Health Organization recommendations. RESULTS: 186 schoolchildren participated, 47.8% were girls and 41.4% lived in the rural area; DMFT was 2...
January 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836146/consequences-of-experience-and-specialist-training-on-the-fabrication-of-implant-supported-prostheses-a-survey
#4
Noga Harel, Zeev Ormianer, Efrat Zecharia, Avi Meirowitz
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Fabricating fixed restorations on implants requires that dentists stay up-to-date with the scientific publications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire containing 29 questions was sent to dentists, members of the Israeli Society of Prosthodontics, and university faculty members. Differences were evaluated using the chi-square and Fisher exact tests and Mann-Whitney U and Wilcoxon tests for questions enquiring into the frequency of use of certain methods (α=...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835994/smoking-status-dental-visits-and-receipt-of-tobacco-counseling-in-dental-office-among-mobile-and-trailer-home-adolescents
#5
Vinodh Bhoopathi, Huaqing Zhao, Shannon Myers Virtue
BACKGROUND: Mobile and trailer home (MTHs) residents are an understudied group. In this study we determined the cigarette smoking status, dental visits in the past 12 months, and receipt of tobacco counseling in adolescents living in MTHs compared to adolescents living in other types of housing. METHODS: For this secondary data analysis study, we used data of adolescents aged 10 to 19 years (n = 74,890) from the 2012 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey (FYTS). Weighted multiple logistic regression model was conducted to understand the differences between adolescents living in MTHs compared to those living in other types of housing...
November 11, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834171/bacterial-communities-associated-with-apical-periodontitis-and-dental-implant-failure
#6
Simon Dingsdag, Stephen Nelson, Nicholas V Coleman
BACKGROUND: Previously, we demonstrated that bacteria reside in apparently healed alveolar bone, using culture and Sanger sequencing techniques. Bacteria in apparently healed alveolar bone may have a role in peri-implantitis and dental implant failure. OBJECTIVE: To compare bacterial communities associated with apical periodontitis, those colonising a failed implant and alveolar bone with reference biofilm samples from healthy teeth. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study consisted of 196 samples collected from 40 patients undergoing routine dental implant insertion or rehabilitation...
2016: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827398/factors-associated-with-sugar-intake-and-sugar-sources-in-european-children-from-1-to-8-years-of-age
#7
I Pawellek, V Grote, M Theurich, R Closa-Monasterolo, A Stolarczyk, E Verduci, A Xhonneux, B Koletzko
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The World Health Organization recommends to limit intake of free sugars to 5% of total energy per day because of the great impact of high sugar intake on body fat deposition, adiposity and dental caries. However, little data exist about total intake and sources of sugar in European children. Therefore, this paper aims to describe sugar intake and dietary sugar sources and associated factors. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Three-day weighed dietary records were obtained at eight time points from children 1 to 8 years of age (n=995) in five European countries...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825396/prosthetic-joint-infection-following-invasive-dental-procedures-and-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-patients-with-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty
#8
Feng-Chen Kao, Yao-Chun Hsu, Wen-Hui Chen, Jiun-Nong Lin, Ying-Ying Lo, Yuan-Kun Tu
OBJECTIVES We aimed to clarify whether invasive dental treatment is associated with increased risk of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) and whether prophylactic antibiotics may lower the infection risk remain unclear. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS All Taiwanese residents (N=255,568) who underwent total knee or hip arthroplasty between January 1, 1997, and November 30, 2009, were screened. METHODS The dental cohort consisted of 57,066 patients who received dental treatment and were individually matched 1:1 with the nondental cohort by age, sex, propensity score, and index date...
November 9, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822609/contextual-and-individual-determinants-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-brazilians
#9
João Gabriel Silva Souza, Bárbara Emanoele Costa Oliveira, Andrea Maria Eleutério De Barros Lima Martins
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional, population-based study evaluated contextual and individual determinants on the oral health-related quality of life in older Brazilians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the National Survey of Oral Health were used. The sample was selected by multi-stage probability cluster sampling, with probability proportional to size. The Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) was used to evaluate oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Contextual variables of municipalities and individual variables of older people were included...
November 7, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818075/an-active-simulator-for-neonatal-intubation-design-development-and-assessment
#10
Ilaria Baldoli, Selene Tognarelli, Ferdinando Vangi, Davide Panizza, Rosa T Scaramuzzo, Armando Cuttano, Cecilia Laschi, Arianna Menciassi
This study describes the technical realization and the pre-clinical validation of a instrumented neonatal intubation skill trainer able to provide objective feedback for the improvement of clinical competences required for such a delicate procedure. The Laerdal(®) Neonatal Intubation Trainer was modified by applying pressure sensors on areas that are mainly subject to stress and potential injuries. Punctual Force Sensing Resistors (FSRs) were characterized and fixed on the external side of the airway structure on the dental arches and epiglottis...
November 3, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817144/assessment-of-arsenic-fluoride-bacteria-and-other-contaminants-in-drinking-water-sources-for-rural-communities-of-kasur-and-other-districts-in-punjab-pakistan
#11
Nasima Arshad, Saiqa Imran
High levels of arsenic contamination in drinking water of two villages, Badarpur and Ibrahimabad of district Kasur, central Punjab, Pakistan is reported first time in present studies. Groundwater quality situation was found to be impaired when samples of different rural areas of district Kasur were monitored according to Pakistan Standards and Quality Control Authority (PSQCA) for all significant water quality constituents and analyzed for trace elements, physico-chemical, and microbiological parameters. Out of 35water sources, 97 % were found unsafe and only 3 % of the sources were within safe limits...
November 5, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814704/prevalence-and-family-structures-related-factors-associated-with-crown-trauma-in-school-children-resident-in-suburban-nigeria
#12
T A Oyedele, A T Jegede, M O Folayan
BACKGROUND: Multiple risk factors have been identified for traumatic dental injuries, including crown fractures, in various age groups and various populations. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, risk factors and family related factors for crown trauma among 8 to 16 year-old children in a suburban population, Nigeria. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a data of 2107 children collected through a school-based survey. Study participants were 8 to 16 year-old resident in suburban Nigeria...
November 5, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805890/dental-treatment-needs-among-children-and-adolescents-residing-in-an-ugandan-orphanage
#13
Pessia Friedman Rubin, Ephraim Winocur, Assaf Erez, Ravit Birenboim-Wilensky, Benjamin Peretz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies focused on the dental caries status of East African children and not on their overall dental needs. Urban children consume more sugar-rich foods. OBJECTIVES: To assess overall dental treatment needs of children living in an orphanage in Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: Teeth were diagnosed as needing treatment by obvious frank carious lesions (WHO criteria), temporary fillings, staining, or very deep pit and/or fissures possibly requiring sealants...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803199/should-pgy-1-be-mandatory-in-dental-education-two-viewpoints-viewpoint-1-pgy-1-provides-benefits-that-support-making-it-mandatory-and-viewpoint-2-pgy-1-should-be-available-for-dental-graduates-but-not-mandatory
#14
Vineet Dhar, Alison Glascoe, Shahrokh Esfandiari, Kelly B Williams, Michelle R McQuistan, Mark R Stevens
This Point/Counterpoint considers whether a general dentistry postgraduate year one (PGY-1) residency should be required for all new graduates who do not pursue specialty training. Currently, New York and Delaware require PGY-1 for dental licensure, while other states offer it as an alternative to a clinical examination for obtaining licensure. Viewpoint 1 supports the position that PGY-1 should be mandatory by presenting evidence that PGY-1 residencies fulfill new graduates' need for additional clinical training, enhance their professionalism and practice management skills, and improve access to care...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785121/oral-dental-items-in-the-resident-assessment-instrument-minimum-data-set-2-0-lack-validity-results-of-a-retrospective-longitudinal-validation-study
#15
Matthias Hoben, Jeffrey W Poss, Peter G Norton, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Oral health in nursing home residents is poor. Robust, mandated assessment tools such as the Resident Assessment Instrument - Minimum Data Set (RAI-MDS) 2.0 are key to monitoring and improving quality of oral health care in nursing homes. However, psychometric properties of RAI-MDS 2.0 oral/dental items have been challenged and criterion validity of these items has never been assessed. METHODS: We used 73,829 RAI-MDS 2.0 records (13,118 residents), collected in a stratified random sample of 30 urban nursing homes in Western Canada (2007-2012)...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777377/severe-edentulism-is-a-major-risk-factor-influencing-stroke-incidence-in-rural-ecuador-the-atahualpa-project
#16
Oscar H Del Brutto, Robertino M Mera, Mauricio Zambrano, Victor J Del Brutto
BACKGROUND: There is no information on stroke incidence in rural areas of Latin America, where living conditions and cardiovascular risk factors are different from urban centers. AIM: Using a population-based prospective cohort study design, we aimed to assess risk factors influencing stroke incidence in community-dwelling adults living in rural Ecuador. METHODS: First-ever strokes occurring from 1 June 2012 to 31 May 2016, in Atahualpa residents aged ≥40 years, were identified from yearly door-to-door surveys and other overlapping sources...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774670/examining-dental-expenditure-and-dental-insurance-accounting-for-probability-of-incurring-expenses
#17
Dana Teusner, Valerie Smith, Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, David Brennan
OBJECTIVES: There are few studies of dental service expenditure in Australia. Although dental insurance status is strongly associated with a higher probability of dental visiting, some studies indicate that there is little variation in expenditure by insurance status among those who attend for care. Our objective was to assess the overall impact of insurance on expenditures by modelling the association between insurance and expenditure accounting for variation in the probability of incurring expenses, that is dental visiting...
October 24, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763678/factors-associated-with-utilization-of-dental-services-in-a-long-term-care-facility-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#18
Frank A Scannapieco, Summar Amin, Marc Salme, Mine Tezal
PURPOSE: To describe factors associated with the utilization of dental services in a long-term care facility (LTCF) in Western New York. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A descriptive cross-sectional study reviewed the dental and medical records of residents of an LTCF discharged between January 1, 2008 and December 30, 2012. Information on demographic and health variables at admission was extracted from electronic health records. Information on oral health variables was extracted from patient charts...
October 20, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763431/factors-associated-with-routine-dental-attendance-among-aboriginal-australians
#19
Najith Amarasena, Kostas Kapellas, Michael R Skilton, Louise J Maple-Brown, Alex Brown, Mark Bartold, Kerin O'Dea, David Celermajer, Lisa M Jamieson
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with routine dental attendance in Aboriginal Australians. METHODS: Data of 271 Aboriginal adults residing in Australia's Northern Territory were used. Routine dental attendance was defined as last visiting a dentist less than one year ago or visiting a dentist for a check-up. Both bivariate and multivariable analytical techniques were used. RESULTS: While 27% visited a dentist in the past year, 29% of these visited for a check-up...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717703/penetrating-keratoplasty-performed-by-residents-compared-with-an-experienced-cornea-transplant-surgeon
#20
Machiko Shimmura-Tomita, Shigeto Shimmura, Kazuo Tsubota, Jun Shimazaki
BACKGROUND: Reports on keratoplasty by residents are rare compared to those on cataract surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the results and surgery time of penetrating keratoplasty performed by residents and an experienced cornea surgeon. METHODS: The medical records and surgery videos of the first 5 penetrating keratoplasty procedures by 4 residents were reviewed and compared with those in 20 penetrating keratoplasty procedures by an experienced cornea surgeon...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
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