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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932373/cohort-profile-update-the-amirkola-health-and-ageing-project-ahap
#1
Ali Bijani, Reza Ghadimi, Ebrahim Mikaniki, Farzan Kheirkhah, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mina Motallebnejad, Haleh Esmaili, Fatemeh Majidi, Robert Graham Cumming, Seyed Reza Hosseini
The original cohort study of AHAP started in 2011 on 1616 elderly residents of Amirkola, northern part of Iran near the Caspian Sea. The main goal of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the health of the elderly in the region with the emphasis on chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. The first cohort profile was published in the International Journal of Epidemiology in 2014. The phase 1 AHAP showed the elevated level of some diseases and conditions including osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, obesity, vision problems and relatively low levels of oral health...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924267/burnout-among-gynaecological-residents-in-lahore-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Khadija Waheed, Naeem Liaqat, Amna Khanum, Sara Ejaz, Shamila Ijaz, Ambreen Butt, Fawad Ahmed Randhawa, Iffat Naheed, Salman Javed
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of burnout among gynaecological residents and factors associated with it. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed at the University Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad, Pakistan, from March to April 2016, and comprised female medical students. Participants were divided into groups on the basis of their ABO blood groups and on body mass index criteria. Blood groups were determined by simple conventional slide method...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921677/clinical-profile-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-a-developing-country-india
#3
Ramit Mahajan, Vandana Midha, Omesh Goyal, Varun Mehta, Vikram Narang, Kirandeep Kaur, Arshdeep Singh, Dharmatma Singh, Rishu Bhanot, Ajit Sood
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology and clinical profile of hepatitis C virus (HCV) varies worldwide and data from developing countries is sparse. AIMS: To study the clinical profile of HCV infection in a developing country in South East Asia (India). METHODS: This observational study assessed patient demographics, viral characteristics, risk factors for virus acquisition and disease characteristics in HCV patients diagnosed between January 2004 and December 2015...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913887/the-equity-of-access-to-primary-dental-care-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-a-geospatial-analysis
#4
Aidan Yuen, Carla Martins Rocha, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVES: Brazil is one of the largest countries in the world, in terms of geography and population. Most Brazilians reside in the south and south-eastern regions, with notable numbers in the regions' megacities, such as São Paulo city. Healthcare provision in such a complex environment is difficult. Thus, a clear understanding of the distribution - or rather, the maldistribution - of these services is fundamental for optimising the allocation of human and financial resources to areas of greatest privation...
September 15, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905468/preventive-dental-checkups-and-their-association-with-access-to-usual-source-of-care-among-rural-and-urban-adult-residents
#5
Aishah Khan, Janani R Thapa, Donglan Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the relationship between rural or urban residence and having a usual source of care (USC), and the utilization of preventive dental checkups among adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 2012. We performed a logit regression on the relationship between rural and urban residence, having a USC, and having at least 1 dental checkup in the past year, adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and health status...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890618/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-among-6-to-12-year-old-children-in-bhopal-city-india
#6
Satish Maran, N D Shashikiran, Pratibha Ahirwar, Priyanka Maran, Pawan Raj Kannojiya, Babita Niranjan
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and trauma are the most common oral health problems for many decades. There is need for prevalence data to analyze the nature of the problems and to take necessary steps in improving public health. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of dental caries and traumatic dental injuries among schoolchildren of age 6 to 12 years in Bhopal city. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design was selected. Universal sampling method was followed in this study...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886356/african-americans-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-factors-affecting-career-choice-satisfaction-and-practice-patterns
#7
Thalia-Rae Criddle, Newton C Gordon, George Blakey, R Bryan Bell
PURPOSE: There are few data available on the experience of minority surgeons in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to 1) explore factors that contribute to African Americans choosing OMS as a career, 2) examine satisfaction among minority oral and maxillofacial surgeons with the residency application and training process, 3) report on practice patterns among minority oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and 4) identify perceived bias for or against minority oral and maxillofacial surgeons in an attempt to aid the efforts of OMS residency organizations to foster diversity...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884829/preventive-dental-care-among-medicaid-enrolled-senior-adults-from-community-to-nursing-facility-residence
#8
Mary C Kelly, Daniel J Caplan, Mercedes Bern-Klug, Howard J Cowen, Marsha A Cunningham-Ford, Leonardo Marchini, Elizabeth T Momany
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the utilization rate of preventive oral health care services while senior adults were community-dwelling differed from the rate after those same senior adults were admitted to nursing facilities. A secondary objective was to evaluate other significant predictors of receipt of preventive oral health procedures after nursing facility entry. METHODS: Iowa Medicaid claims from 2007-2014 were accessed for adults who were 68+ years upon entry to a nursing facility and continuously enrolled in Medicaid for at least three years before and at least two years after admission (n = 874)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883582/factors-associated-with-use-of-general-anaesthesia-for-dental-procedures-among-british-children
#9
A Ramdaw, M T Hosey, E Bernabé
Objectives To assess the demographic, socioeconomic, behavioural and clinical factors associated with use of dental general anaesthesia (DGA) among British children.Methods This study used data from 3053 children who participated in the 2013 Children's Dental Health Survey in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Data were collected through parental questionnaires and clinical examinations. The crude and adjusted association of demographic (sex, age, ethnicity and country of residence), socioeconomic (socioeconomic classification and area deprivation), behavioural (age toothbrushing started, age when first went to the dentist, usual reason for dental visit and dental anxiety) and clinical factors (numbers of decayed and filled teeth) with DGA was assessed in logistic regression models...
September 8, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872808/the-oral-health-condition-and-treatment-needs-assessment-of-nursing-home-residents-in-flanders-belgium
#10
B Janssens, J Vanobbergen, M Petrovic, W Jacquet, J M G A Schols, L De Visschere
OBJECTIVES: A study was conducted of nursing home residents with limited access to regular oral health care services to evaluate their oral health status, to perform an assessment of the need for oral treatment and to determine the possible predicting value of age, gender, care dependency and income level on their oral health status and treatment needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three experienced dentists collected clinical oral health data with a mobile dental unit in 23 nursing homes...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872710/perceptions-of-dental-treatment-need-in-australian-born-and-migrant-populations
#11
Mathew A W T Lim, Leonard A Crocombe, Loc G Do
The objective of this study was to investigate differences in self-perceived and dentist-determined treatment need in Australian-born and migrant residents of Australia. Participants in the National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004-06 were categorized into six groups according to country of birth. Interview and examination data were used to analyze differences between self-perceived and the 'gold standard' examiner-determined treatment need, and to compare the accuracy of self-reporting according to country of birth...
September 5, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865251/-stay-cool-sell-stuff-cheap-and-smile-examining-how-reputational-management-of-dental-tourism-reinforces-structural-oppression-in-los-algodones-mexico
#12
Krystyna Adams, Jeremy Snyder, Valorie A Crooks, Nicole S Berry
Los Algodones, Mexico is characteristic of other medical border towns whose proximity to the Mexico-United States border enables American and Canadian patients to take advantage of economic asymmetries on either side of the border to access desired health care. Los Algodones is unique, however, in its focus on the provision of dental care and claims by local residents that it has the highest concentration of dentists per capita in the world. In this paper, we present an analysis of interviews with employees working in Los Algodones' dental tourism industry to examine interviewees' participation in practices related to reputational management of the industry site...
August 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859102/factors-associated-with-last-dental-visit-or-not-to-visit-the-dentist-by-brazilian-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#13
Emílio P da Fonseca, Antonio C Frias, Fábio L Mialhe, Antonio C Pereira, Marcelo de C Meneghim
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the factors associated with no dental visit within the last two years by adolescents in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, by using data from the Oral Health Conditions of São Paulo state population Project (SBSP-2015) conducted in 2015. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study with a representative sample of adolescents aged 15 to higher years residing in São Paulo State. The examiners were calibrated and dental visits were measured categorically as 1- Less than 1 year, 2- One to two years, 3 - Three years or more, 4- I have never visited the dentist...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857006/challenges-of-improving-oral-health-for-adults-in-care-homes
#14
Victoria Elliot
In 2016 the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) published a guideline on oral health for adults in care homes in England. The author was a co-opted member of the NICE oral health for adults in care homes public health advisory committee. This article reviews the NICE guideline as it applies to care homes, and relates it to the results of a survey of oral care practice undertaken in a large care home organisation and the available research literature from the past 20 years. The literature and survey results suggest that, if translated into practice, the NICE guideline could do much to improve oral health for adults in care homes...
August 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856592/is-compromised-oral-health-associated-with-a-greater-risk-of-mortality-among-nursing-home-residents-a-controlled-clinical-study
#15
Anna-Luisa Klotz, Alexander Jochen Hassel, Johannes Schröder, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
AIM: The objective of this controlled clinical study was to evaluate the association between oral health and 1-year mortality among nursing home residents with or without oral health intervention. METHODS: This research was part of a multidisciplinary intervention study (EVI-P) performed in 14 nursing homes in Germany. Two-hundred and nineteen nursing home residents were included in the study and assigned to an intervention group, for which dental health education was offered and ultrasonic baths were used for denture cleaning (n = 144), or to a control group (n = 75)...
August 30, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856133/pioneering-and-interprofessional-pediatric-dentistry-programs-aimed-at-reducing-oral-health-disparities
#16
Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Hamida Askaryar, Cambria Garell, Jennifer Ogren
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most chronic childhood disease and more predominant in low-income and underserved children. Although easily transmitted, ECC is entirely preventable. Dr. Ramos-Gomez and his team at the University of California, Los Angeles put together an interprofessional curriculum where both medical and dental knowledge and practice is integrated to prepare dentists and primary care providers to more cost effectively address ECC and thereby reduce disparities in oral health. The curriculum, known as the Strategic Partnership for Interprofessional Collaborative Education in Pediatric Dentistry (SPICE-PD), consists of nine evidence-based training modules: applied statistics and research, community partners, interprofessional education/training, quality improvement, policy and advocacy, disease management/risk assessment, ethics/professionalism, cultural competency and children with special heath-care needs...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856132/enabling-and-predisposing-factors-for-the-utilization-of-preventive-dental-health-care-in-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-germany
#17
Patrick Brzoska, Fabian Erdsiek, Dorothee Waury
BACKGROUND: In many European countries including Germany, migrants utilize preventive services less frequently than the majority population. This is also true for the utilization of dental checkups. Little is known about which demographic, social, behavioral, and health-related factors influence the decision of migrants to seek preventive dental health care and how these factors differ from those in non-migrants. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of these factors among migrants and non-migrants residing in Germany...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852630/awareness-attitude-and-knowledge-of-basic-life-support-among-medical-dental-and-nursing-faculties-and-students-in-the-university-hospital
#18
N C Sangamesh, K C Vidya, Jugajyoti Pathi, Arpita Singh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the awareness, attitude, and knowledge about basic life support (BLS) among medical, dental, and nursing students and faculties and the proposal of BLS skills in the academic curriculum of undergraduate (UG) course. Recognition, prevention, and effective management of life-threatening emergencies are the responsibility of health-care professionals. These situations can be successfully managed by proper knowledge and training of the BLS skills. These life-saving maneuvers can be given through the structured resuscitation programs, which are lacking in the academic curriculum...
July 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841221/feasibility-of-providing-safe-mouth-care-and-collecting-oral-and-fecal-microbiome-samples-from-nursing-home-residents-with-dysphagia-proof-of-concept-study
#19
Rita A Jablonski, Vicki Winstead, Andres Azuero, Travis Ptacek, Corteza Jones-Townsend, Elizabeth Byrd, Maria L Geisinger, Casey Morrow
Individuals with dysphagia who reside in nursing homes often receive inadequate mouth care and experience poor oral health. From a policy perspective, the combination of absent evidence-based mouth care protocols coupled with insufficient dental coverage create a pool of individuals at great risk for preventable infectious illnesses that contribute to high health care costs. The purpose of the current study was to determine (a) the safety of a mouth care protocol tailored for individuals with dysphagia residing in nursing homes without access to suction equipment, and (b) the feasibility of collecting oral and fecal samples for microbiota analyses...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836301/a-pilot-study-on-the-feasibility-of-training-nurses-to-formulate-multicomponent-oral-health-interventions-in-a-residential-aged-care-facility
#20
Alan Deutsch, Emma Siegel, Monica Cations, Clive Wright, Vasi Naganathan, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: This 10 weeks feasibility study investigated whether residential care nurses with 12 hours advanced oral health training in assessments and saliva testing could formulate, implement and monitor individualised oral care plans of early dementia residents. METHOD: Four trained lead advocate nurses using SXI-D, OHIP14, oral health assessment tool (OHAT) assessments and a modified saliva test formulated nurse scheduled comprehensive oral care plans (NSCOCPs) by selecting and scheduling preventive products and procedures multiple times throughout the day to alkalise the mouth of 8 residents as an adjunct to assisted brushing and high-fluoride toothpaste...
August 23, 2017: Gerodontology
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