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Dental residency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634678/the-iliac-crest-in-forensic-age-estimation-evaluation-of-three-methods-in-pelvis-x-rays
#1
Viola Bartolini, Vilma Pinchi, Barbara Gualco, Stefano Vanin, Giusto Chiaracane, Giovanni D'Elia, Gian-Aristide Norelli, Martina Focardi
Age assessment in children and young adults is a relevant forensic issue. It is requested not only in evaluating criminal responsibility in youths without proper identification documents, often in relation to age thresholds, but also for release of a residency permit, and asylum seekers of minors. The analysis of the Risser sign and the iliac crest ossification process has been proposed as a useful tool for forensic age estimation. We evaluated the applicability of three different age estimation methods on a sample of 497 pelvic radiographs of Italian individuals between 10 and 25 years of age...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629349/relationships-between-dental-personnel-and-non-dental-primary-health-care-providers-in-rural-and-remote-queensland-australia-dental-perspectives
#2
Jackie Stuart, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe, Tony Barnett
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers has the potential to improve oral health care for people in rural and remote communities, where access to oral health services is limited. However, there is limited research on collaboration between these professional disciplines. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationships between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers from rural and remote areas of Queensland and to identify strategies that could improve collaboration between these disciplines from the perspective of dental participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629318/the-effect-of-a-daily-application-of-a-0-05-chlorhexidine-oral-rinse-solution-on-the-incidence-of-aspiration-pneumonia-in-nursing-home-residents-a-multicenter-study
#3
Vanessa R Y Hollaar, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Claar D van der Maarel-Wierink, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Bert J M de Swart, Nico H J Creugers
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia and potential respiratory pathogens in the oral biofilm are risk factors for aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents. The aim of the study was to examine if the daily application of 0.05% chlorhexidine oral rinse solution is effective in reducing the incidence of aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents with dysphagia. Associations between background variables (age, gender, dysphagia severity, care dependency, medication use, number of medical diagnoses, teeth and dental implants, and wearing removable dentures) and the incidence of aspiration pneumonia were also examined...
June 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592353/role-of-information-and-communication-technology-in-promoting-oral-health-at-residential-aged-care-facilities
#4
Bola Adebayo, Angela Durey, Linda M Slack-Smith
Information and communication technology (ICT) can provide knowledge and clinical support to those working in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). This paper aims to: (1) review literature on ICT targeted at residents, staff and external providers in RACFs including general practitioners, dental and allied health professionals on improving residents' oral health; (2) identify barriers and enablers to using ICT in promoting oral health at RACFs; and (3) investigate evidence of effectiveness of these approaches in promoting oral health...
June 8, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584470/denture-identification-using-individual-national-identification-number-of-saudi-arabia-an-innovative-inclusion-method-of-casted-metal
#5
Atul Bhardwaj, M S Priya, S Karthiga Kannan, Smita Singh, Saquib B Ahmed Shaikh, Mousa Abu Fadaleh
CONTEXT: Forensic odontology is one of the branches of dentistry, which played a very important role in identification of individuals in accident, natural and mass disaster, and civil unrest and in genocide crimes. In the absence of natural teeth, marking or labeling of denture plays a vital role in the personal identification. BACKGROUND: Various types of marking or labeling methods are reported. However, many are not according to the criteria put forth by American Dental Association or other professional association...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583244/association-between-childhood-traumatic-stress-and-behavior-in-the-pediatric-dental-clinic
#6
Serena Mitchual, Marcio A da Fonseca, Sheela Raja, Darien Weatherspoon, Anne Koerber
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between a history of potentially traumatic events (PTE) and a child's behavior during dental treatment. METHODS: Parents of healthy children, age four years and older and attending their initial dental appointment at a university pediatric dental clinic, were asked to complete the Traumatic Events Screening Inventory-Parent Report Revised and a demographic survey. Following the dental appointment, a pediatric dental resident reported the child's behavior using the Frankl scale...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583243/significant-factors-related-to-failed-pediatric-dental-general-anesthesia-appointments-at-a-hospital-based-residency-program
#7
John R Emhardt, Juan F Yepes, LaQuia A Vinson, James E Jones, John D Emhardt, Diana C Kozlowski, George J Eckert, Gerardo Maupome
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) evaluate the relationship between appointment failure and the factors of age, gender, race, insurance type, day of week, scheduled time of surgery, distance traveled, and weather; (2) investigate reasons for failure; and (3) explore the relationships between the factors and reasons for failure. METHODS: Electronic medical records were accessed to obtain data for patients scheduled for dental care under general anesthesia from May 2012 to May 2015...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578885/endodontic-board-certification-a-review-of-factors-affecting-the-certification-rate
#8
Emily Case, Anne Williamson, William T Johnson, Wei Liu, Fang Qian
INTRODUCTION: Board certification identifies clinicians who possess advanced proficiency and expertise within their field. Only 23% of endodontists are board certified (the lowest among all dental specialties). The aim of this study was to determine the factors that influence endodontists' decisions regarding the completion of board certification. METHODS: A 16-question survey was e-mailed to 5073 US endodontists and residents who are American Association of Endodontists members...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572415/factors-influencing-dental-students-interest-in-advanced-periodontal-education-perspectives-of-department-chairs
#9
Luke Hearty, Catherine Demko, Nabil F Bissada, Andre Paes B da Silva
The number of graduates of U.S. dental schools enrolled in U.S. postdoctoral programs in periodontics has been decreasing. The aims of this study were to determine the perspectives of periodontics department chairs regarding 1) features of a school's predoctoral curriculum that promote student interest in advanced periodontal education and 2) characteristics of a periodontal residency program that make it more attractive to dental students over other specialty programs. In 2015, a 14-question survey was designed and sent to chairs of periodontics departments at all 65 U...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561558/dental-caries-experience-among-albanian-pre-school-children-a-national-survey
#10
D Hysi, E Caglar, E Droboniku, C Toti, O O Kuscu
Objective: To determine the dental caries experience and treatment needs among 5-year-olds in Albania. Research Design: This cross sectional study was conducted in 2015 by using a cluster sampling technique. The dmft was used to assess dental caries experience and caries prevalence as percentages of children with dmf⟩0. Caries treatment needs were assessed with dt/dmft x 100, missing teeth with mt/dmft x 100 and ft /dmft x 100 as the Care Index. Participants: 2,039 five-year-olds, from 17 districts of Albania were selected ...
March 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546591/the-healthcare-system-and-the-provision-of-oral-healthcare-in-european-union-member-states-part-8-italy
#11
M Bindi, C Paganelli, K A Eaton, E Widström
In Italy healthcare is provided for all Italian citizens and residents and it is delivered mainly by public providers, with some private or private-public entities. Italy's public healthcare system - the Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (SSN) - is organised by the Ministry of Health and administered on a devolved regional basis. It is financed by general taxation that provides universal coverage, largely free of charge at the point of service. The central government establishes the basic national health benefits package, which must be uniformly provided throughout the country, through services guaranteed under the NHS provision called LEA - (Livelli Essenziali di Assistenza [Essential Level of Assistance]) and allocates national funds to the regions...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537368/the-relationship-between-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-parental-reported-experience-of-dental-caries-in-indigenous-australian-children
#12
C Claudia, X Ju, G Mejia, L Jamieson
Objective: This study aimed to test the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and parental-reported experience of dental caries in Indigenous Australian children. Methods: Data were from the Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children (LSIC); a population-based cohort study in Australia. Participants were 1,687 Indigenous Australian children aged 5 or less. Biological, social and behavioural variables were tested using log-linear modelling with binomial regression to determine the association with parental-reported experience of dental caries...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537362/a-summary-of-knowledge-about-the-oral-health-of-older-people-in-england-and-wales
#13
D Moore, G M Davies
Objective: To summarise what is currently known about the oral health of older adults in England and Wales. Basic research design: Summary of the main findings from a recent review of oral health surveys and demographic and health data relating to older people in the UK (West Midlands, North West, Bolton and Kirklees, East London and the City of London and Wales). Their findings were compared, where possible to estimates from the 2009 Adult Dental Health Survey...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533731/effect-of-loss-of-teeth-and-its-association-with-general-quality-of-life-using-geriatric-oral-health-assessment-index-gohai-among-older-individuals-residing-in-rural-areas
#14
Vinaya Kundapur, Rakshith Hegde, Manoj Shetty, Sunil Mankar, Mohammed Hilal, Hari Prasad A
The development of measures for assessing oral health status is essential to the evolution and maturation of a scientific knowledge based in geriatric dentistry. Their development as branches of clinical care depends in part as ability to demonstrate an effective grasp of the problems of elderly and their solutions. Any strategy for altering the health status of elderly requires a technology for first assessing that health status and then detecting increments of progress. Development of geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) is a self reported measure designed to assess the oral health problems of older individuals...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531176/stigma-of-addiction-and-mental-illness-in-healthcare-the-case-of-patients-experiences-in-dental-settings
#15
Mario A Brondani, Rana Alan, Leeann Donnelly
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways in which stigma is experienced in healthcare and dental settings by patients with a history of addiction and mental illness. METHODS: Audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews with a purposefully selected convenience sample of residents from two community treatment centres in Vancouver, Canada were conducted. The interview guide contained questions about experiences while seeking health and dental care and was based on an existing framework of labeling, stereotyping, exclusion, discrimination, and power imbalance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526074/oral-health-behaviour-in-migrant-and-non-migrant-adults-in-germany-the-utilization-of-regular-dental-check-ups
#16
Fabian Erdsiek, Dorothee Waury, Patrick Brzoska
BACKGROUND: Migrants in many European countries including Germany tend to utilize preventive measures less frequently than the majority population. Little is known about the dental health of migrants as well as about their oral health behaviour, particularly in the adult population. The aim of this study was to examine differences in the uptake of annual dental check-ups in adult migrants and non-migrants in Germany. METHODS: We used data from the cross-sectional survey 'German Health Update 2010' conducted by the Robert Koch Institute (n = 22,050)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512547/vascular-labeling-of-the-head-and-neck-vessels-technique-advantages-and-limitations
#17
Alba Gálvez, José-Leonardo Caraballo, María-Cristina Manzanares-Céspedes, Iván Valdivia-Gandur, Rui Figueiredo, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
BACKGROUND: Vascular staining techniques have been used to describe the vascular structures of several anatomic areas. However, few reports have described this procedure in the head and neck region. This paper describes a head and neck vascular labeling procedure, and describes some of the technical complications that may occur. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen specimen cadaver heads were prepared. After drying the vascular system, the internal carotid arteries were ligated and a solution with latex and a gelling agent was injected into the internal carotid arteries and external jugular veins...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506888/calcium-sensing-receptor-erk-signaling-promotes-odontoblastic-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-cells
#18
Hiroyuki Mizumachi, Shinichiro Yoshida, Atsushi Tomokiyo, Daigaku Hasegawa, Sayuri Hamano, Asuka Yuda, Hideki Sugii, Suguru Serita, Hiromi Mitarai, Katsuaki Koori, Naohisa Wada, Hidefumi Maeda
Activation of the G protein-coupled calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) has crucial roles in skeletal development and bone turnover. Our recent study has identified a role for activated CaSR in the osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells. Furthermore, odontoblasts residing inside the tooth pulp chamber play a central role in dentin formation. However, it remains unclear how CaSR activation affects the odontoblastic differentiation of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). We have investigated the odontoblastic differentiation of HDPCs exposed to elevated levels of extracellular calcium (Ca) and strontium (Sr), and the contribution of CaSR and the L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel (L-VDCC) to this process...
May 12, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501069/emergency-department-utilization-related-to-dental-conditions-and-distribution-of-dentists-nebraska-2011-2013
#19
Sankeerth Rampa, Fernando A Wilson, Rajvi Wani, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
PURPOSE: This study aims to provide estimates of hospital-based emergency department (ED) visits due to dental conditions in Nebraska and to examine patient-related characteristics associated with ED charges. In addition, this study provides dental-related ED visits and distribution of dentists by county. METHODS: For the study, we used the State Emergency Department Database for Nebraska for the years 2011 through 2013 and the Health Resources and Services Administration's Area Health Resource File...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496964/oral-health-status-of-institutionalized-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-lebanon
#20
Hicham A Diab, Ziad Salameh, Ghassan N Hamadeh, Genane Younes, Fouad Ayoub
OBJECTIVES: To assess the dental status of institutionalized intellectually disabled individuals in Lebanon and the role of background and behavioural determinants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Oral health was recorded for 652 individuals (6, 12, 15 and 35 - 44 years old) using the decayed, missing and filled teeth/decayed and filled teeth (DMFT/dft) index. Data collected was statistically analysed with statistical significance set at P = 0.05. RESULTS: Overall, mean DMFT index score was 5...
January 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
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