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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165120/high-prevalence-of-dental-fluorosis-among-adolescents-is-a-growing-concern-a-school-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southern-india
#1
Anand Verma, Bharatesh K Shetty, Vasudeva Guddattu, Mehul K Chourasia, Prachi Pundir
BACKGROUND: Fluorosis, caused by ingestion of excessive amount of fluoride through food or water, is a major public health problem in India. This study was undertaken to quantify the dental fluorosis burden among school going adolescents and to find factors associated with dental fluorosis in Kolar taluka, Karnataka, India. METHODS: A total of 1026 high school adolescents (12-17 years) were enrolled from different schools selected by stratified sampling method. Dental examination was done to record Dean's fluorosis index, and socio-demographic, food consumption and oral hygiene data were recorded using a pre-tested structured questionnaire...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165003/administrators-perceptions-of-oral-health-care-and-cancer-screening-in-long-term-care-nursing-facilities
#2
Peter Maramaldi, Tamara Cadet, Shanna Burke, Mary LeCloux, Erina White, Taru Hannele Kinnunen, Elsbeth Kalenderian
An estimated 1.7 million adults in the United States more than the age of 65 reside in long-term care nursing facilities (LTCNFs), and only 17% of them receive dental care. More than 83% of LTCNF residents require assistance with oral care. Adequate dental care is a preventative behavior for oral cancer. Adults more than age 65 will account for 60% of oral cancer-related deaths, despite an 80% cure rate for early diagnosis. This study sought to expand knowledge of the perceived benefits, barriers, and ability to perform or provide for oral health care and oral cancer screening as reported by Administrators and Directors of Nursing in LTCNFs...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136361/dental-status-in-nursing-home-residents-with-domiciliary-dental-care-in-sweden
#3
P Andersson, S Renvert, P Sjogren, M Zimmerman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dental health status of elderly people in nursing homes receiving domiciliary dental care. DESIGN: Case note review. CLINICAL SETTING: Nursing homes in 8 Swedish counties. PARTICIPANTS: Care dependent elderly people (≥65 years). METHODS: Clinical data, including the number of remaining natural teeth, missing and decayed teeth (manifest dental caries) and root remnants, recorded by dentists according to standard practices...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124235/in-vivo-xct-bone-characterization-of-lattice-structured-implants-fabricated-by-additive-manufacturing
#4
A-F Obaton, J Fain, M Djemaï, D Meinel, F Léonard, E Mahé, B Lécuelle, J-J Fouchet, G Bruno
Several cylindrical specimens and dental implants, presenting diagonal lattice structures with different cell sizes (600, 900 and 1200 μm) were additively manufactured by selective laser melting process. Then they were implanted for two months in a sheep. After removal, they were studied by Archimedes' method as well as X-ray computed tomography in order to assess the penetration of bone into the lattice. We observed that the additive manufactured parts were geometrically conformed to the theoretical specifications...
August 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118278/oral-health-status-of-independent-older-adults-in-texas-an-observational-study-comparing-urban-and-rural-areas
#5
Julie L Martin, Linda D Boyd, Helena Tapias-Perdigón, Lisa M LaSpina
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health needs of community-dwelling older adults participating in congregate meal centers and to determine whether differences exist in the oral health needs of older adult populations residing in urban versus rural communities in the state of Texas.Methods: Study participants were recruited at 6 congregate meal centers located in identified rural and urban communities in the greater metropolitan area of Austin, Texas. (N=78) Participants completed a validated, modified questionnaire containing 20 items on the following topics: self-reported oral health, tooth loss, dental insurance, frequency of dental visits, time since last dental visit, access to dental care, dry mouth, and oral cancer screening...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118078/exploring-interprofessional-relationships-between-dental-hygienists-and-health-professionals-in-rural-canadian-communities
#6
Janice C Grant, Zul Kanji
Purpose: For most Canadians living in rural communities, limited access to dental care can negatively impact oral and general health. This narrative, tertiary review of the literature explores the outcomes of interprofessional relationships between dental hygienists and other health professionals on individuals residing in rural communities in Canada. Themes addressed include: implementing interprofessional education experiences in entry-to-practice health programs, interprofessional dynamics in primary health care teams, health perceptions in rural communities, and barriers and enablers to interprofessional relationships...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115945/mechanical-strain-to-maxillary-incisors-during-direct-laryngoscopy
#7
Milo Engoren, Lauryn R Rochlen, Matthew V Diehl, Sarah S Sherman, Elizabeth Jewell, Mary Golinski, Paul Begeman, John M Cavanaugh
BACKGROUND: While most Direct laryngoscopy leads to dental injury in 25-39% of cases. Dental injury occurs when the forces and impacts applied to the teeth exceed the ability of the structures to dissipate energy and stress. The purpose of this study was to measure strain, (which is the change produced in the length of the tooth by a force applied to the tooth) strain rate, and strain-time integral to the maxillary incisors and determine if they varied by experience, type of blade, or use of an alcohol protective pad (APP)...
November 7, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114333/comparing-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-requesting-dental-implants-before-and-after-implant
#8
Naser Sargozaie, Amir Moeintaghavi, Hamid Shojaie
Background and Objectives: Tooth loss is a serious life event that impairs two important functions, namely, eating and speaking, and has significant side effects on different aspects of quality of life. These effects are internalized by the individual. The present study aimed to compare the quality of life (QOL) of patients requesting dental implants before and after implant. Materials and Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on patients referred to the Mashhad faculty of Dentistry and private clinics with dental implants in 2015...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111620/readying-community-water-fluoridation-advocates-through-training-surveillance-and-empowerment
#9
C Veschusio, M K Jones, J Mercer, A B Martin
This paper describes the Community Water Fluoridation Advocacy Training Project that was designed to develop networks of community water fluoridation advocates in rural communities. The South Carolina (SC) Department of Health and Environmental Control Division of Oral Health staff and the SC Dental Association were responsible for developing and facilitating the training sessions for key policy influencers, which included medical and dental providers, early childhood educators, and water system operators and managers...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104028/effectiveness-of-immersive-virtual-reality-in-surgical-training-a-randomized-control-trial
#10
Yeshwanth Pulijala, Minhua Ma, Matthew Pears, David Peebles, Ashraf Ayoub
PURPOSE: Surgical training methods are evolving with the technological advancements, including the application of virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality. However, 28 to 40% of novice residents are not confident in performing a major surgical procedure. VR surgery, an immersive VR (iVR) experience, was developed using Oculus Rift and Leap Motion devices (Leap Motion, Inc, San Francisco, CA) to address this challenge. Our iVR is a multisensory, holistic surgical training application that demonstrates a maxillofacial surgical technique, the Le Fort I osteotomy...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095579/oral-health-care-in-rural-america
#11
Erik Skinner, Tahra Johnson
(1) Rural Americans are twice as likely to lose their adult teeth as their urban counterparts. (2) Seventy-two percent of the country is classified as rural, but is home to only 15 percent of the population (46.2 million people). (3) According to the Pew Center on the States, rural residents are more likely to use emergency departments for their oral health needs because of a lack of dental insurance and a shortage of dental providers.
October 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093985/trends-in-the-incidence-of-tooth-extraction-due-to-periodontal-disease-results-of-a-12-year-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-south-korea
#12
Jae-Hong Lee, Jin-Young Oh, Jung-Kyu Choi, Yeon-Tae Kim, Ye-Sol Park, Seong-Nyum Jeong, Seong-Ho Choi
Purpose: This study evaluated trends in tooth extraction due to acute and chronic periodontal disease (PD) using data from the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort for 2002-2013. Methods: A random sample of 1,025,340 individuals was selected as a representative sample of the population, and a database (DB) of diagnostic and prescription codes was followed up for 12 years. We used multivariate logistic regression analysis to assess the incidence of total extraction (TE), extraction due to periodontal disease (EPD), and immediate extraction due to periodontal disease (IEPD) according to sociodemographic factors (sex, age, household income, health status, and area of residence)...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093149/developing-prosthodontic-residents-communication-strategies-with-edentulous-patients-a-pilot-study
#13
Varsha Murthy, K R Sethuraman, Sunayana Choudhury, P Shakila
The aim of this study was to investigate whether prosthodontic residents' attitudes toward provider-client communication would be shaped by a tailor-made communications skills course. In 2016, the pre-intervention attitudes of all six second- and third-year prosthodontic residents in a three-year residency at an academic dental institution in India were assessed using the Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS). The residents' performance was then video-recorded while they treated complete denture patients and was analyzed using the Kalamazoo scale, a validated scale for communication skills assessment...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093148/an-emergency-simulation-course-in-a-postdoctoral-general-dentistry-program-the-new-york-presbyterian-weill-cornell-medicine-experience
#14
Marsha E Rubin, Heidi J Hansen
Dentists can encounter life-threatening medical emergencies during the provision of routine dental care and must therefore be comfortable with the management of these emergencies. High-fidelity simulation has been used routinely in medical and surgical training and is a recognized and effective educational and assessment tool. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a new high-fidelity simulation training course in medical emergency management for residents in the General Practice Residency program at New York Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medicine...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093142/dental-student-resident-and-faculty-attitudes-toward-treating-medicaid-patients
#15
Linda S Behar-Horenstein, Xiaoying Feng
Failure to receive proper oral health care including both prevention and maintenance is influenced by myriad and complex social, economic, and dental factors, including access to care. Reducing oral health disparities requires changes in the preparation of future dentists as well as measuring and influencing the attitudes and knowledge of practicing dentists. The aim of this study was to determine the likelihood that future dentists (students and residents) and faculty members at one U.S. dental school would treat Medicaid participants...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079051/minced-pulp-as-source-of-pulpal-mesenchymal-stem-cells-with-odontogenic-differentiation-capacity
#16
Zhnagrui Liang, Satoshi Kawano, Wei Chen, Moein S Sadrkhani, Chaehwan Lee, Euiseong Kim, Alireza Moshaverinia, Reuben H Kim, Mo Kang
INTRODUCTION: Pulp tissue regeneration is becoming a reality after discovery of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) residing in the pulp tissues through various clinical innovations, although MSC transplantation into the pulp space has met with challenges of in vitro cell expansion and cultures. As a way to circumvent the regulatory and technical complexities of in vitro MSC culture, we investigated the use of minced pulp tissues as a source of pulpal MSCs for tissue regeneration. METHODS: We characterized the phenotype of cells explanted from minced pulp (MP), namely MP-derived MSCs (MP-MSCs), compared with dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) established from pulp tissues by enzyme digestion...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074939/oral-medicine-in-europe-past-present-and-future
#17
C Bez, A Sklavounou, M Carrozzo
Oral medicine (OM) is a relatively young dental specialty usually dealing with the oral healthcare of patients suffering from chronic recurrent and medically-related disorders of the mouth and maxillofacial region and with their diagnosis and mostly non-surgical management. The beginning of OM goes back to 1925 in the USA and 1950s in Europe. However, official specialty recognition is more recent and within Europe, it is only in the UK, Croatia and Israel where OM is recognised by local registering authorities, although in several other European countries it is viewed as a distinct field of study...
December 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070163/dental-caries-experience-in-texan-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#18
Sabrina Sunderji, Bhavini Acharya, Catherine Flaitz, Brett Chiquet
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the caries experience in the primary dentition of children born with cleft lip and palate (CLP). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on subjects between two and six years old recruited from a university-based pediatric dentistry residency clinic. The number of dental visits and professional fluoride applications, the plaque index and treatment modality, and the presence/location of caries, white spot lesions, and enamel hypoplastic lesions were compared between CLP patients and healthy age- and gender-matched controls...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052151/hair-mercury-and-risk-assessment-for-consumption-of-contaminated-seafood-in-residents-from-the-coast-of-the-persian-gulf-iran
#19
Narjes Okati, Abbas Esmaili-Sari
The health risks of mercury exposure due to the high consumption of aquatic were assessed for fishermen and non-fishermen families living on the Bandar Abbas, Bushehr, and Mahshahr cities located in the coast of Persian Gulf (Iran). The mean hair mercury concentration of people in Bandar Abbas, Bushehr, and Mahshahr cities was obtained 1.56 ± 0.17, 1.97 ± 0.22, and 5.12 ± 0.3 μg g(-1), respectively. Hair mercury concentration in 8.8% of people exceeded the no observed adverse effects level (NOAEL) of 10 μg g(-1) declared by the World Health Organization (WHO)...
October 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049315/analysis-of-the-interests-of-google-users-on-toothache-information
#20
Matheus Lotto, Patricia Estefania Ayala Aguirre, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Agnes Fátima Pereira Cruvinel, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: The knowledge on health interests of a given population of Internet users might contribute to the increase of evidence on community's dental needs, and consequently, to the improvement of public health planning. The frequency of searches for specific issues on Google can be analyzed by the application of Google Trends. AIM: In this study, we aimed to characterize the interests on toothache information of Google users from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia and Brazil...
2017: PloS One
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