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Dental residency

Omar B Da'ar, Abdulaziz Alshaya
This study estimated whether continued programming of a highly specialized four-year dentistry residency training in Saudi Arabia was cost-beneficial. We utilized a purposive sampling to administer a survey to trainees in major cities. Additionally, we used publically available market information about general practitioners. We employed Benefit-Cost Analysis accounting approach as a conceptual framework. Using general practitioners as the base category, we grouped overall social analytical perspectives into resident trainees and rest of society...
February 19, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Khe Foon Hew, Chung Kwan Lo
BACKGROUND: The use of flipped classroom approach has become increasingly popular in health professions education. However, no meta-analysis has been published that specifically examines the effect of flipped classroom versus traditional classroom on student learning. This study examined the findings of comparative articles through a meta-analysis in order to summarize the overall effects of teaching with the flipped classroom approach. We focused specifically on a set of flipped classroom studies in which pre-recorded videos were provided before face-to-face class meetings...
March 15, 2018: BMC Medical Education
José Mansano Bauman, João Gabriel Silva Souza, Claudiana Donato Bauman, Flávia Martão Flório
The scope of this study was to characterize malocclusion in 12-year-old Brazilian children and identify associated socio-demographic aspects. It is a cross-sectional and analytical study based on an Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil 2010). A sample of 5,539 was included, among which 41% had some degree of malocclusion according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Descriptive, bivariate and multiple multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted. Defined malocclusion was greater among those who rated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatisfied (OR 1...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Hee-Jung Park, Jun Hyup Lee, Sujin Park, Tae-Il Kim
Purpose: This study utilized a strong quasi-experimental design to test the hypothesis that the implementation of a policy to expand dental care services resulted in an increase in the usage of dental outpatient services. Methods: A total of 45,650,000 subjects with diagnoses of gingivitis or advanced periodontitis who received dental scaling were selected and examined, utilizing National Health Insurance claims data from July 2010 through November 2015. We performed a segmented regression analysis of the interrupted time-series to analyze the time-series trend in dental costs before and after the policy implementation, and assessed immediate changes in dental costs...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Nada El Osta, Lana El Osta, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz, Robert Saad, Carole Abi-Ghosn, Martine Hennequin, Stephanie Tubert-Jeannin, Jihad Fakhouri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The percentage of Lebanese older people has increased considerably. Given that Lebanese seniors are marginalized in the health policy-making process, we suggest a high social inequality in oral health that has not been studied so far. The purpose of our study was to describe and compare oral health status in a group of Lebanese older people according to their socioeconomic status (SES) MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited from three different primary health care clinics in Beirut, Lebanon...
March 8, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Marcella Cabrera Berg, Ana Raquel Benetti, Mark T F Telling, Tilo Seydel, Dehong Yu, Luke L Daemen, Heloisa N Bordallo
: Hydrogen dynamics in a time range from hundreds of femtoseconds (fs) to nanoseconds (ns) can be directly analyzed using neutron spectroscopy, where information on the inelastic and quasi-elastic scattering, hereafter INS and QENS, can be obtained. In this study, we applied these techniques to understand how the nanoscale mobility of the aqueous solution of polyacrylic acid (PAA) used in conventional Glass Ionomer Cements (GIC) changes under confinement. Combining the spectroscopic analysis with calorimetric results we were able to separate distinct motions within the liquid and in the GIC's...
March 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Keiko Murakami, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Mieko Nakamura, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Toshiyuki Ojima, Kayoko Shirai, Tomomi Nagahata, Aya Kadota, Nagako Okuda, Nobuo Nishi, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: Most studies on socioeconomic inequalities in oral health have not considered the effects of behavioral and biological factors and age differences. Furthermore, the nationwide status of inequalities remains unclear in Japan. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2,089 residents aged ≥40 years throughout Japan. The lowest quartile of the number of remaining teeth for each 10-year age category was defined as poor oral health. Behavioral and biological factors included smoking status, obesity, diabetes mellitus, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and the use of dental devices...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Chun-Hsi Chung, Larry P Tadlock, Nicholas Barone, Valmy Pangrazio-Kulbersh, David G Sabott, Patrick F Foley, Timothy S Trulove, Jae Hyun Park, Steven A Dugoni
The American Board of Orthodontics (ABO) works to certify orthodontists in a fair, reliable, and valid manner. The process must examine an orthodontist's knowledge, abilities, and critical thinking skills to ensure that each certified orthodontist has the expertise to provide the highest level of patient care. Many medical specialty boards and 4 American Dental Association specialty boards use scenario-based testing for board certification. Changing to a scenario-based clinical examination will allow the ABO to test more orthodontists...
March 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Tara J Schapmire, Barbara A Head, Whitney A Nash, Pamela A Yankeelov, Christian D Furman, R Brent Wright, Rangaraj Gopalraj, Barbara Gordon, Karen P Black, Carol Jones, Madri Hall-Faul, Anna C Faul
A fragmented workforce consisting of multiple disciplines with varying levels of training and limited ability to work as a team often provides care to older adults. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential for preparing practitioners for the effective teamwork required for community-based, holistic, person-centered care of the older adults. Despite numerous programs and offerings to advance education and interdisciplinary patient care, there is an unmet need for geriatric IPE, especially as it relates to community-dwelling older adults and caregivers in medically underserved areas...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Jang Rak Kim, Baekgeun Jeong, Ki Soo Park, Yune Sik Kang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether generalized trust and/or social participation at an individual level have negative associations with unmet healthcare needs. METHODS: Door-to-door interviews were conducted by trained interviewers to collect information. The 8,800 study participants included 220 adults sampled systematically using the resident registration database from 40 sub-municipal-level administrative units in Korea. Unmet healthcare needs were measured subjectively by the following question: "During the past 12 months, was there ever a time when you felt that you needed healthcare (excluding dental care) but did not receive it?" The responses were classified as either "yes" or "no...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
S M Werz, S J Zeichner, B-I Berg, H-F Zeilhofer, F Thieringer
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether inexpensive 3D models can be suitable to train surgical skills to dental students or oral and maxillofacial surgery residents. Furthermore, we wanted to know which of the most common filament materials, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) or polylactic acid (PLA), can better simulate human bone according to surgeons' subjective perceptions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Upper and lower jaw models were produced with common 3D desktop printers, ABS and PLA filament and silicon rubber for soft tissue simulation...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Dorota Wójcik, Aleksandra Krzewska, Leszek Szalewski, Elżbieta Pietryka-Michałowska, Magdalena Szalewska, Szymon Krzewski, Elżbieta Pels, Iwona Beń-Skowronek
Vitamin D may prevent dental caries. To date, no attempts have been made to examine the correlation between the incidence of caries and the concentrations of vitamin D in children with pituitary growth hormone deficiency.The study observed patients of the Department of Endocrinology and Diabetology of the University Paediatric Hospital of the Medical University of Lublin treated with human recombinant growth hormone for pituitary growth hormone deficiency (GHD). The study was conducted between October 2014 and June 2015...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
R E Eroshenko, A A Stafeev
The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of dental diseases requiring prosthetic treatment among rural population of Omsk region. The study involved 1247 residents from 12 rural areas of the Omsk region at the age of 18 to 87 years. Partial absence of teeth was found in 69.4±1.30%, 7.5±0.75% had a complete absence of teeth on one jaw and 3.8±0.54% on both jaws. Malocclusion is present in 29.5±1.29% of rural residents, the pathology of dental hard tissues, clinical symptoms of TMJ dysfunction, increased dental abrasion were revealed in 63...
2018: Stomatologii︠a︡
Amit Rekhi, Charu Mohan Marya, Ruchi Nagpal, Sukhvinder Singh Oberoi
PURPOSE: To assess the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) among older people residing in old-age homes in Delhi, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oral health related quality of life was measured by using the Hindi version of Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) which was tested for its reliability and validity. Sociodemographic data were collected and questions regarding the self-perception of general health, oral health and perceived need for dental treatment were put forward...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Avital Kozlovsky, Alex Rapaport, Zvi Artzi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of operators experience and skill on treatment results of initial non-surgical periodontal therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initial periodontal treatment was carried out by either second-year periodontal residents (PR) or last year dental students (DS). From the treatment records of patients in each group, plaque and bleeding indices, and pocket depth (PD) at baseline and at re-evaluation were collected retrospectively on each tooth at six locations...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Maria Mielnik-Błaszczak, Agnieszka Skawińska-Bednarczyk, Artur Michałowski, Jerzy Błaszczak
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a common medical disorder and due to a variety of barriers, people with epilepsy may not have access to needed healthcare services, particularly based on their place of residence. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess access to dental treatment in children and adolescents with epilepsy in Lublin Voivodeship. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical and questionnaire examinations were performed in 107 children and young people, of both sexes, in the ages between 6 and 18years old from the Lublin macroregion...
February 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Fernando José Herkrath, Mario Vianna Vettore, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in the utilisation of dental services in Brazil are remarkable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of contextual and individual factors with the utilisation of dental services by Brazilian adults using the Andersen's behavioural model. METHODS: Individual-level data from 27,017 adults residents in the State capitals who were interviewed in the 2013 Brazilian National Health Survey were pooled with contextual city-level data...
2018: PloS One
Adamos Hadjipanayis, Zachi Grossman, Stefano Del Torso, Kyriaki Michailidou, Diego Van Esso, Rita Cauwels
Oral health is an essential component of children's general health. The aim of this study is to evaluate the training, knowledge, attitudes and practices of primary care paediatricians in oral health in Europe. Paediatricians were invited to complete a survey on the web. There was a 54.3% response rate. The oral health education of the responders was received mainly through continuing medical education and practical experience (51%) rather than in medical school or during paediatric residency training (33%)...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Mohmedvasim Momin, Timothy Albright, Jennie Leikin, Michael Miloro, Michael R Markiewicz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the complication rates for third molar extractions, based on resident level within an oral and maxillofacial surgery program, and to identify the risk factors associated with postoperative complications following third molar extractions. STUDY DESIGN: Records of 1992 patients (5466 third molar extractions) over a 5-year period were reviewed. Data were collected by using appropriate Current Dental Terminology codes from July 1, 2011, to June 30, 2016...
December 29, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
João Gabriel S Souza, Bárbara E Costa Oliveira, Aline A Sampaio, Vinicius A Lages, Dayse A Romão, Andrea M E B L Martins
The aim of this study was to identify the association of the presence of root caries in older people with contextual and individual determinants using a multilevel model. Data from the National Survey of Oral Health collected in Brazil were used. A sample of older Brazilians (aged 65-74 years) was included and selected through multistage probability cluster sampling, using probability proportional to size. Contextual variables of municipalities and individual variables of older people were included. Descriptive, bivariate, and multilevel analyses were conducted...
January 27, 2018: Caries Research
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