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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792543/restructuring-saudi-board-in-restorative-dentistry-sbrd-curriculum-using-canmeds-competency
#1
Bahiah Abdulaziz Al Askar, Fahad Saleh Al Sweleh, Ebtesam Ibrahim Al Wasill, Zubair Amin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of adopting the Canadian Medical Education Directions for Specialists (CanMEDS) 2015 competency framework in a dental specialty program to reconstruct the Saudi Board in Restorative Dentistry (SBRD) curriculum and disseminate the lessons learned. Method and development process: The process of curriculum development was started with the selection of SBRD curriculum committee and review of CanMEDS framework. The Committee conducted needs assessment among the stakeholders and adopted CanMEDS 2015 competencies through a careful process...
May 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786582/characteristics-of-epidemiology-of-dental-caries-in-children-from-regions-with-high-and-optimum-fluorine-content-in-drinking-water
#2
Valentina Trufanova, Olha Sheshukova, Vadym Davydenko, Tetiana Polishchuk, Sofia Bauman, Vitalina Dobroskok
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Prevention of dental diseases in children is the priority item on the modern dentistry agenda. Among the undeniable factors known as contributing into caries incidence, there is fluoride content in the external environment, especially in drinking water, which is the main source of fluoride intake. The aim: This study is aimed at evaluating dental caries indices in children and adolescents inhabiting in areas with optimal and high-level fluoride concentration in drinking water and assessing their level of oral hygiene...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767840/ethnicity-migration-status-and-dental-caries-experience-among-adults-in-east-london
#3
Elsa K Delgado-Angulo, Wagner Marcenes, Seeromanie Harding, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVE: To assess the interrelationship between ethnicity, migration status and dental caries experience among adults in East London. METHODS: We analysed data from 1910 adults (16-65 years) representing 9 ethnic groups, who took part in a community-based health survey in East London. Participants completed a supervised questionnaire and were clinically examined by trained dentists. Dental caries was assessed with the number of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT)...
May 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754197/efficacy-and-acceptance-of-professional-dental-cleaning-among-nursing-home-residents
#4
Anna Greta Barbe, Hannah Elisa Kottmann, Stefanie Hamacher, Sonja Henny Maria Derman, Michael Johannes Noack
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of general and oral health status of nursing home residents in Germany on efficacy and acceptance of professional dental cleaning performed by a dental nurse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (N = 41; mean age 83 ± 8 years) living in a nursing home were included. Personal and general health, oral health, oral hygiene habits, and needs were investigated. Individual acceptance regarding professional dental cleaning via different devices (scaler, interdental brushes, ultrasonic cleaning) was assessed, as was the efficacy of this method using after-cleaning indices...
May 13, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747792/hospital-based-emergency-department-visits-with-dental-conditions-impact-of-the-medicaid-reimbursement-fee-for-dental-services-in-new-york-state-2009-2013
#5
Sankeerth Rampa, Fernando A Wilson, Hongmei Wang, Nizar K Wehbi, Lynette Smith, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
OBJECTIVES: Hospital-based emergency department (ED) visits for dental problems have been on the rise. The objectives of this study are to provide estimates of hospital-based ED visits with dental conditions in New York State and to examine the impact of Medicaid reimbursement fee for dental services on the utilization of EDs with dental conditions. METHODS: New York State Emergency Department Database for the year 2009-2013 and Health Resources and Services Administration's Area Health Resource File were used...
June 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745817/impaired-mineral-quality-in-dentin-in-x-linked-hypophosphatemia
#6
Benjamin R Coyac, Guillaume Falgayrac, Guillaume Penel, Alain Schmitt, Thorsten Schinke, Agnès Linglart, Marc D McKee, Catherine Chaussain, Claire Bardet
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a skeletal disorder arising from mutations in the PHEX gene, transmitted in most cases as an X-linked dominant trait. PHEX deficiency leads to renal phosphate wasting and hypophosphatemia, as well as impaired mineralization of bone and dentin, resulting in severe skeletal and dental complications. Dentin mineralization defects appear as characteristic, large interglobular spaces resulting from the lack of fusion of calculospherites in the circumpulpal region during the mineralization process...
December 2018: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739844/nursing-administrators-views-on-oral-health-in-long-term-care-facilities-an-exploratory-study
#7
Janelle Y Urata, Elizabeth T Couch, Margaret M Walsh, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of supervising nurse administrators (SNAs) regarding the oral care provided to long-term care facility (LTCF) residents and the role of dental professionals in those facilities. Methods: The investigators of this study partnered with the National Association of Nursing Administrators to send this cross-sectional study consisting of a 35-item electronic survey to its members whose email addresses were in their database. Online software tabulated responses and calculated frequencies (percentages) of responses for each survey item...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736494/oral-health-behaviour-and-oral-health-status-of-elderly-vietnamese
#8
Minh Son Nguyen, Triin Jagomägi, Ülle Voog-Oras, Toai Nguyen, Mare Saag
PURPOSE: To describe oral health behaviours and problems among elderly Vietnamese as well as determine their prevalence of caries and periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined 258 elderly persons aged 65-74 years living in Danang, Vietnam. All subjects self-reported oral health behaviour and problems. Dental caries was assessed using the DMFT index. Periodontal status was evaluated with the modified Community Periodontal Index, whereby all teeth were examined for gingival bleeding and periodontal pocket depth (PPD), and the index teeth were assessed for clinical attachment loss (CAL)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731777/the-hypoxia-mimetic-agent-cobalt-chloride-differently-affects-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-their-chondrogenic-potential
#9
Gabriella Teti, Stefano Focaroli, Viviana Salvatore, Eleonora Mazzotti, Laura Ingra', Antonio Mazzotti, Mirella Falconi
Adult stem cells are a promising cell source for cartilage regeneration. They resided in a special microenvironment known as the stem-cell niche, characterized by the presence of low oxygen concentration. Cobalt chloride (CoCl2 ) imitates hypoxia in vitro by stabilizing hypoxia-inducible factor-alpha (HIF-1 α ), which is the master regulator in the cellular adaptive response to hypoxia. In this study, the influence of CoCl2 on the chondrogenic potential of human MSCs, isolated from dental pulp, umbilical cord, and adipose tissue, was investigated...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729671/multilevel-social-structure-and-diet-shape-the-gut-microbiota-of-the-gelada-monkey-the-only-grazing-primate
#10
Pål Trosvik, Eric J de Muinck, Eli K Rueness, Peter J Fashing, Evan C Beierschmitt, Kadie R Callingham, Jacob B Kraus, Thomas H Trew, Amera Moges, Addisu Mekonnen, Vivek V Venkataraman, Nga Nguyen
BACKGROUND: The gelada monkey (Theropithecus gelada), endemic to the Ethiopian highlands, is the only graminivorous primate, i.e., it feeds mainly on grasses and sedges. In spite of known dental, manual, and locomotor adaptations, the intestinal anatomy of geladas is similar to that of other primates. We currently lack a clear understanding of the adaptations in digestive physiology necessary for this species to subsist on a graminoid-based diet, but digestion in other graminivores, such as ruminants, relies heavily on the microbial community residing in the gastrointestinal (GI) system...
May 5, 2018: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717073/assessing-the-medical-emergency-preparedness-of-dental-faculty-residents-and-practicing-periodontists-an-exploratory-study
#11
Tatiana de Bedout, Kyle Kramer, Steven Blanchard, Yusuke Hamada, George J Eckert, Gerardo Maupome, Vanchit John
With the increased number of elderly and medically compromised individuals receiving dental care and the presence of systemic comorbidities and associated treatment modalities in this patient population, it is imperative that dentists be prepared to manage a variety of medical emergencies. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of and preparedness to manage common medical emergencies of cohorts of practicing periodontists, specialty residents, and faculty members, both for comparative purposes and as an aid to refining a dental school's standardized case scenarios...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703618/biological-analysis-of-simvastatin-releasing-chitosan-scaffold-as-a-cell-free-system-for-pulp-dentin-regeneration
#12
Diana G Soares, Giovanna Anovazzi, Ester Alves F Bordini, Uxua O Zuta, Maria Luísa A Silva Leite, Fernanda G Basso, Josimeri Hebling, Carlos A de Souza Costa
INTRODUCTION: The improvement of biomaterials capable of driving the regeneration of the pulp-dentin complex mediated by resident cells is the goal of regenerative dentistry. In the present investigation, a chitosan scaffold (CHSC) that released bioactive concentrations of simvastatin (SIM) was tested, aimed at the development of a cell-free tissue engineering system. METHODS: First, we performed a dose-response assay to select the bioactive dose of SIM capable of inducing an odontoblastic phenotype in dental pulp cells (DPCs); after which we evaluated the synergistic effect of this dosage with the CHSC/DPC construct...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703617/hazards-of-improper-dispensary-literature-review-and-report-of-an-accidental-chloroform-injection
#13
Prashant Verma, Patricia Tordik, Ali Nosrat
Several clear, transparent solutions are used in endodontics. Inappropriate dispensing methods can lead to accidental injection or accidental irrigation. These accidents can cause permanent tissue damage including damage to the bone, periodontium, nerves, and vasculature. This article reports on the consequences of an accidental chloroform injection. Nonsurgical retreatment of tooth #8 was planned as part of a restorative treatment plan in a 69-year-old woman. The dentist accidentally injected chloroform instead of local anesthesia because chloroform was loaded into the anesthetic syringe...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694589/exposure-to-fluoride-of-children-during-the-critical-age-for-dental-fluorosis-in-the-semiarid-region-of-brazil
#14
Ynara Bosco de Oliveira Lima-Arsati, Anna Rúbia Lobo Ferreira Gomes, Hemilly Karol Andrade Santos, Franco Arsati, Márcio Campos Oliveira, Valéria Souza Freitas
There is a concern about the increasing prevalence of dental fluorosis, which depends on the dose of fluoride (F) to which children are subjected during tooth formation. Environmental temperature affects water intake and therefore it would be important to assess whether children living in the semiarid region are exposed to an excessive dose of F. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the total dose of F to which children are exposed during the critical age for dental fluorosis, with diet (water and food) and toothpaste as F sources, in the semiarid region of Brazil...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693027/access-to-dental-care-among-15-64-year-old-people
#15
Faezeh Eslamipour, Kamal Heydari, Marzieh Ghaiour, Hoda Salehi
INTRODUCTION: The current study aims to study people's access to oral and dental health-care services and their satisfaction with the services provided to them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study with multi-stage sampling was conducted on 1360 people aged 16-64 years residing in Isfahan city, Iran. The required data were collected by a questionnaire which comprised of three main parts: demographic characteristics, patients' access to oral and dental health-care services and its barriers and participants' satisfaction with access to services...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691837/oral-health-status-associated-with-sociodemographic-factors-of-nepalese-schoolchildren-a-population-based-study
#16
Saujanya Karki, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Manoj Humagain, Marjo Seppänen, Jari Päkkila, Vuokko Anttonen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health of Nepalese schoolchildren relative to their sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among 5-6-, 12- and 15-year-old Nepalese children in 18 randomly selected districts of the 75 in Nepal. Clinical parameters were recorded according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Results were presented as mean (SD) and proportions; the chi-square test, t-test and one way-ANOVA were also performed...
April 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683500/exposure-to-occupational-noise-and-periodontitis-in-korean-workers
#17
Su-Hyun Shim, Dong-Hun Han
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to occupational noise is reported to cause a wide range of health problems. But, there are no reports on studies investigating the association between noise exposure and periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between occupational noise exposure and periodontitis in a nationally representative sample of Korean workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the 4th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683204/oral-status-cognitive-function-and-dependency-among-new-zealand-nursing-home-residents
#18
William M Thomson, Moira B Smith, Catherine Anna Ferguson, Ngaire M Kerse, Kathryn Peri, Barry Gribben
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical oral disease and its association with cognitive function and dependency among older New Zealanders in residential aged care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National survey of oral health in aged residential care throughout New Zealand. We classified residents into 1 of 3 levels of care: "low dependency care (or assisted living)"; "high dependency care"; or "specialist dementia care/psychogeriatric care." The Abbreviated Mental Test characterised cognitive function as "unimpaired" (scores of 7-10), "moderately impaired" (4-6) or "severely impaired" (0-3)...
April 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682784/promoting-oral-health-care-among-people-living-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-perceptions-of-care-staff
#19
Amy R Villarosa, Sally Clark, Ariana C Villarosa, Tiffany Patterson Norrie, Susan Macdonald, Jennifer Anlezark, Ravi Srinivas, Ajesh George
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to look at the practices and perspectives of residential aged care facility (RACF) care staff regarding the provision of oral health care in RACFs. BACKGROUND: Emphasis has been placed on the provision of adequate oral health care in RACFs through the Better Oral Health in Residential Aged Care programme. Endorsed by the Australian government, this programme provided oral health education and training for aged care staff. However, recent evidence suggests that nearly five years after the implementation of this programme, the provision of oral care in RACFs in NSW remains inadequate...
April 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681941/clinical-anxiety-among-saudi-postgraduate-pediatric-dentistry-students-in-jeddah-city
#20
Manal Almalik, Abeer Alnowaiser, Omar El Meligy, Jamal Sallam, Yusra Balkheyour
Objective: To determine anxiety in relation to gender, Grade Point Average (GPA), level of education and academic and clinical situations in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Also, to identify academic and clinical anxiety levels among postgraduate pediatric dentistry students. Methods: A cross-sectional study at governmental training hospitals was conducted. All registered postgraduate students in pediatric dental programs during the year 2015-2016 were included in the study...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
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