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Aspiration sclerotherapy hydrocele

Behnam Shakiba, Kazem Heidari, Arsia Jamali, Kourosh Afshar
BACKGROUND: Hydrocoeles are common cystic scrotal abnormalities, described as a fluid-filled collection between the visceral and parietal layers of the tunica vaginalis of the scrotum. There are two approaches for treatment of hydrocoeles: surgical open hydrocoelectomy and aspiration followed by sclerotherapy.  OBJECTIVES: We compared the benefits and harms of aspiration and sclerotherapy versus hydrocoelectomy for the management of hydrocoeles. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Renal Group's Specialised Register to 2 August 2014 through contact with the Trials' Search Co-ordinator using search terms relevant to this review...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Michael J Metcalfe, Rebecca J Spouge, David J Spouge, Chris C Hoag
A hydrocele is an abnormal collection of serous fluid in the space between the parietal and visceral layers of the tunica vaginalis. Hydrocele is the most common cause of painless scrotal swelling which affects about 1% of men. Generally, adult hydroceles are idiopathic in origin; however, inguinal surgery, varicocelectomy, infection, trauma and a patent processus vaginalis are each associated with the subsequent development of a hydrocele. Surgical removal of hydroceles is the gold standard of care. However, multiple cases have reported high success rates (ranging from 85% to 96%) using a combination of aspiration and sclerotherapy...
May 2014: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
L Lund, A Kloster, T Cao
PURPOSE: We evaluate whether aspiration and sclerosing of hydrocele testis is an effective treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men with symptomatic hydrocele testis were included in this prospective, double-blind, randomized study with polidocanol and placebo. Patients were randomized to active treatment or placebo at the first treatment. Depending on hydrocele testis size (less than 100, 100 to 200 and greater than 200 ml), the patients were treated with 1, 3 or 4 ml polidocanol after aspiration...
May 2014: Journal of Urology
Mohamed Labib
The risk of intraoperative Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) infection poses a challenge to practicing surgeons worldwide, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa with its high HIV prevalence. The risk of acquiring HIV infection from one infected percutaneous exposure is 0.3-0.4%. Prior to extensive screening, blood transfusions were responsible for an estimated 5-10% of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa. In this paper we describe the experience of minimally invasive techniques as alternatives to surgery in urology patients...
2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
John J Francis, Laurence A Levine
PURPOSE: We demonstrated that hydrocele aspiration and sclerotherapy with doxycycline is an effective and safe nonsurgical treatment option for hydrocele correction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent hydrocele aspiration and sclerotherapy were analyzed in a retrospective cohort study for success rates as well as improvement in scrotal size and discomfort after a single hydrocele aspiration and sclerotherapy treatment. Patients who reported decreased scrotal size, improved physical symptoms and satisfaction with the procedure were considered as having success with hydrocele aspiration and sclerotherapy...
May 2013: Journal of Urology
Sataa Sallami, Mohamed Yassine Binous, Sami Ben Rhouma, Mohamed Chelif, Mohamed Hmidi, Yasssine Nouira, Nawfel Ben Rais, Ali Horchani
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and side-effects of Polidocanol used as sclerosing agent for testicular hydrocele. METHODS: One hundred and ninety men, with a median age of 55,9 years (40-89), treated for idiopatic hydrocele were assessed. After puncture and aspiration, the empty sac was instilled with 3% Polidocanol. We recorded recurrence, complications and associated pain on a visual analogue scale. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 19 months, The cure rate of hydroceles after one sclerotherapy session was 62,1%, and the overall cure rate using the procedure was 82,6%...
May 2011: La Tunisie Médicale
Sudeep Khaniya, Chandra Shekhar Agrawal, Rabin Koirala, Rajendra Regmi, Shailesh Adhikary
BACKGROUND: Hydrocelectomy is practiced as the gold standard technique for the treatment of hydrocele worldwide. Aspiration and sclerotherapy is cheap, less invasive and safe compared to hydrocelectomy. However, the outcomes are inconsistent because of lack of uniformity in methods and sclerosing agents used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized controlled study conducted in a university hospital for a period of one year. Sixty symptomatic adult males without fertility concern or coexisting scrotal pathology were enrolled...
August 2009: International Journal of Surgery
Johar Ali, Waqas Anwar, Mohammad Akbar, Syed Ali Akbar, Arshad Zafar
BACKGROUND: Primary Vaginal Hydrocoele of Testis is a common condition which is primarily treated surgically. Many patients with Hydrocoele of testis are either not willing or are unfit for surgery. This study was done to know the safety, efficacy and out come of tetracycline induced sclerotherapy of Primary Vaginal Hydrocoele of Testis in adults. METHODS: This quasi experimental study was done in Shahina Jamil Hospital, attached with Frontier Medical College and Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from March 2006 to April, 2007...
April 2008: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
J M East, D DuQuesnay
Operating time for idiopathic hydroceles and epididymal cysts is scarce as these conditions compete with an increasing caseload of more consequential surgical disease. Therapy is often relegated to repeated aspiration. Sclerotherapy appears to be effective in a majority of published trials, but comparative effectiveness, efficacy and safety of most agents, including phenol versus tetracycline, has not been established A deliberate strategy of re-treatment until cure is not universally practised, with surgery still being offered after single-treatment failures...
December 2007: West Indian Medical Journal
Darren T Beiko, Dennis Kim, Alvaro Morales
OBJECTIVES: To compare aspiration and sclerotherapy using sodium tetradecylsulfate (STDS) with open hydrocelectomy in the treatment of hydroceles with regard to safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic hydroceles were prospectively enrolled in an aspiration and sclerotherapy protocol between October 1998 and June 2000. Patients in this group underwent percutaneous aspiration followed by sclerotherapy with an STDS-based solution...
April 2003: Urology
U Yilmaz, O Ekmekçioğlu, A Tatlişen, D Demirci
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the effectiveness of rifampicin and some agents used in the pleurodesis of pleural effusions, such as autologous blood and purified mineral talc. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 56 hydroceles were treated by sclerotherapy, in a random fashion, using purified mineral talc, rifampicin and autologous blood as sclerosant agents. The control group of patients were handled with aspiration only. RESULTS: The cohort of patients in the blood group had a success rate comparable to the control group (p > 0...
2000: International Urology and Nephrology
J A Fracchia, N A Armenakas, A D Kohan
PURPOSE: The surgical repair of hydroceles can be relatively expensive in some cases in terms of costs and initial limitation of activity. We ascertain whether aspiration and sclerotherapy of hydroceles is a safe, efficient, cost-effective treatment modality in select patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 47 patients 51 hydroceles were treated in the office with aspiration and instillation of a sclerosing solution based on a sodium tetradecyl sulfate preparation. One treatment was done in 14 cases and 2 in the remainder...
March 1998: Journal of Urology
M Cecchi, C A Sepich, G Pagni, C Ippolito, R Minervini, L Fiorentini
Sclerotherapy for hydroceles was performed in 18 patients. Cutaneous anaesthesia was induced with an anaesthetic cream (lidocaine and prilocaine, EMLA cream) and a fibrin sealant (Tissucol) was injected into the sac after fluid aspiration. Patients experienced no pain during needle insertion and sclerosant procedure; 2 recurrences were observed during follow-up. EMLA cream anaesthesia and fibrin adhesive sclerotherapy represent a useful alternative to surgical treatment of hydroceles.
1997: International Urology and Nephrology
L Daehlin, B Tønder, L Kapstad
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects and side-effects of polidocanol and tetracycline when used as sclerosants for testicular hydrocele and epididymal cyst. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-five men (median age 67 years, range 42-81) with 46 hydroceles or epididymal cysts were assessed. After puncture and aspiration, the empty sac was instilled with either polidocanol or tetracycline, assigned randomly. Patients recorded any treatment-associated pain on a visual analogue scale...
September 1997: British Journal of Urology
A A Shokeir, I Eraky, N Hassan, E W Wafa, T Mohsen, M A Ghoneim
OBJECTIVES: To study the efficacy of tetracycline sclerotherapy in renal transplant recipients with symptomatic hydroceles. METHODS: A total of 21 patients with symptomatic hydroceles following renal transplantation underwent aspiration of hydrocele and injection of tetracycline hydrochloride. Sclerosant solution was prepared by dissolving 1 g tetracycline hydrochloride powder in 10 mL 1% lidocaine. The amount of sclerosant used depended on the volume of the sac: 5 mL for a sac containing up to 100 mL and 2...
July 1994: Urology
M Yamamoto, H Hibi, K Miyake
Twenty patients with testicular hydrocele were treated with a new sclerosing therapy consisting of intrascrotal injection of OK-432 (group A Streptococcus pyogenes of human origin). The median observation period after treatment was 6 months (range 2-13 months). Eighteen patients required only one treatment. Two patients had recurrences and received repeat injection. There have been no serious side effects except for fever of 2-3 days' duration and local inflammatory reaction. Sclerotherapy with OK-432 is an efficient and easy method which can be recommended as a primary treatment for hydrocele...
1994: International Urology and Nephrology
H Fuse, M Sakamoto, Y Fujishiro, T Katayama
Fifteen patients with hydroceles of the testis or spermatic cord were treated by aspiration and injection of the sclerosant solution polidocanol. The cure rate of hydroceles after one sclerotherapy session was 73%, and the overall cure rate using the procedure was 87%. No patient experienced pain during or after the procedure, which was conducted without anaesthesia. No complications were observed. It is concluded that sclerotherapy of hydroceles with polidocanol may be a useful alternative to open operation, due to its ease of administration, low frequency of complications, and high rate of effectiveness, and that this agent is preferable to certain other drugs in that it causes no pain during or after the injection...
1994: International Urology and Nephrology
P Suwan
In conclusion, tetracycline hydrochloride is an effective and safe sclerosant for the treatment of hydrocele with entailing minimal side effects and low recurrence rate. However, it should not be recommended for the treatment of spermatocele in younger men who still wish to have children, because of the danger of drug epididymitis and resulting infertility. Hydrocele treatment can be performed in younger men who still wish to have children.
August 1994: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
T S Madlala, R K Rencken, M S Bornman, S Reif, H F Joubert, C A Van der Merwe
OBJECTIVE: To establish the differences, if any, between the biochemical composition of idiopathic hydrocele fluid and the fluid normally present in the tunica vaginalis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Aspiration and sclerotherapy of 37 idiopathic hydroceles from patients who presented to this urology clinic were performed. The biochemical content of the fluid was compared with that of the tunica vaginalis fluid from a small group of controls (n = 8), taken from patients undergoing orchidectomy for carcinoma of the prostate...
October 1994: British Journal of Urology
M T Musa, A H Fahal, Y E el Arabi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of aspiration sclerotherapy in the treatment of hydroceles in the tropics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 82 patients with 94 primary vaginal hydroceles of which 62 hydroceles were treated by aspiration and tetracycline hydrochloride sclerotherapy as an outpatient procedure (mean age of patients 56.5 years, range 40-82) and 28 were treated surgically and included as controls (mean age 52.4 years, range 40-70)...
October 1995: British Journal of Urology
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