keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dominance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545257/the-reactive-sulfur-species-concept-15-years-on
#1
REVIEW
Gregory I Giles, Muhammad Jawad Nasim, Wesam Ali, Claus Jacob
Fifteen years ago, in 2001, the concept of "Reactive Sulfur Species" or RSS was advocated as a working hypothesis. Since then various organic as well as inorganic RSS have attracted considerable interest and stimulated many new and often unexpected avenues in research and product development. During this time, it has become apparent that molecules with sulfur-containing functional groups are not just the passive "victims" of oxidative stress or simple conveyors of signals in cells, but can also be stressors in their own right, with pivotal roles in cellular function and homeostasis...
May 23, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545163/coccygeal-body-revisited-an-immunohistochemical-study-using-donated-elderly-cadavers
#2
Zhe Wu Jin, Kwang Ho Cho, Hyung Suk Jang, Gen Murakami, Jose Francisco Rodríguez-Vázquez, Masahito Yamamoto, Shin-Ichi Abe
To describe the normal anatomy and histology of the adult coccygeal body (CB) and to discuss about the origin and function. Using immunohistochemistry, we examined 29 CBs found in 32 elderly donated cadavers without macroscopic pathology in the pelvis. The CB was usually located in or near the anococcygeal ligaments. It was almost always composed of multiple masses or nodules of round glomus cells (smooth muscle actin, or SMA++). However, the CB sometimes contained abundant dilated veins with scattered glomus cells...
May 25, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545131/major-changes-in-microbial-diversity-and-community-composition-across-gut-sections-of-a-juvenile-panchlora-cockroach
#3
Erin A Gontang, Frank O Aylward, Camila Carlos, Tijana Glavina Del Rio, Mansi Chovatia, Alison Fern, Chien-Chi Lo, Stephanie A Malfatti, Susannah G Tringe, Cameron R Currie, Roberto Kolter
Investigations of gut microbiomes have shed light on the diversity and genetic content of these communities, and helped shape our understanding of how host-associated microorganisms influence host physiology, behavior, and health. Despite the importance of gut microbes to metazoans, our understanding of the changes in diversity and composition across the alimentary tract, and the source of the resident community are limited. Here, using community metagenomics and 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we assess microbial community diversity and coding potential in the foregut, midgut, and hindgut of a juvenile Panchlora cockroach, which resides in the refuse piles of the leaf-cutter ant species Atta colombica...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545130/responses-of-absolute-and-specific-enzyme-activity-to-consecutive-application-of-composted-sewage-sludge-in-a-fluventic-ustochrept
#4
Xiao Liu, Kangli Guo, Lin Huang, Zhengyu Ji, Huimin Jiang, Hu Li, Jianfeng Zhang
Composted sewage sludge (CS) is considered a rich source of soil nutrients and significantly affects the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of soil, but its effect on specific enzyme activity in soil is disregarded. The present experiment examined the absolute and specific enzyme activity of the enzymes involved in carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycles, the diversity of soil microbial functions, and soil community composition in a Fluventic Ustochrept under a maize-wheat rotation system in North China during 2012-2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545094/economic-evaluation-of-policy-options-for-dialysis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-under-the-universal-health-coverage-in-indonesia
#5
Afiatin, Levina Chandra Khoe, Erna Kristin, Lusiana Siti Masytoh, Eva Herlinawaty, Pitsaphun Werayingyong, Mardiati Nadjib, Sudigdo Sastroasmoro, Yot Teerawattananon
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the value for money and budget impact of offering hemodialysis (HD) as a first-line treatment, or the HD-first policy, and the peritoneal dialysis (PD) first policy compared to a supportive care option in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Indonesia. METHODS: A Markov model-based economic evaluation was performed using local and international data to quantify the potential costs and health-related outcomes in terms of life years (LYs) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545071/characterization-of-the-urinary-microbiome-in-healthy-dogs
#6
Erin N Burton, Leah A Cohn, Carol N Reinero, Hans Rindt, Stephen G Moore, Aaron C Ericsson
The urinary bladder in healthy dogs has dogmatically been considered free of bacteria. This study used culture independent techniques to characterize the healthy canine urinary microbiota. Urine samples collected by antepubic cystocentesis from dogs without urinary infection were used for DNA extraction. Genital tract and rectal samples were collected simultaneously from the same dogs. The V4 hypervariable region of the 16S rRNA bacterial gene was amplified and compared against Greengenes database for OTU assignment and relative abundance for urine, genital, and rectal samples...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545070/pou4f3-mutation-screening-in-japanese-hearing-loss-patients-massively-parallel-dna-sequencing-based-analysis-identified-novel-variants-associated-with-autosomal-dominant-hearing-loss
#7
Tomohiro Kitano, Maiko Miyagawa, Shin-Ya Nishio, Hideaki Moteki, Kiyoshi Oda, Kenji Ohyama, Hiromitsu Miyazaki, Hiroshi Hidaka, Ken-Ichi Nakamura, Takaaki Murata, Rina Matsuoka, Yoko Ohta, Nobuhiro Nishiyama, Kozo Kumakawa, Sakiko Furutate, Satoshi Iwasaki, Takechiyo Yamada, Yumi Ohta, Natsumi Uehara, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Shin-Ichi Usami
A variant in a transcription factor gene, POU4F3, is responsible for autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hereditary hearing loss, DFNA15. To date, 14 variants, including a whole deletion of POU4F3, have been reported to cause HL in various ethnic groups. In the present study, genetic screening for POU4F3 variants was carried out for a large series of Japanese hearing loss (HL) patients to clarify the prevalence and clinical characteristics of DFNA15 in the Japanese population. Massively parallel DNA sequencing of 68 target candidate genes was utilized in 2,549 unrelated Japanese HL patients (probands) to identify genomic variations responsible for HL...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545038/assessing-the-facilitators-and-barriers-of-interdisciplinary-team-working-in-primary-care-using-normalisation-process-theory-an-integrative-review
#8
Pauline O'Reilly, Siew Hwa Lee, Madeleine O'Sullivan, Walter Cullen, Catriona Kennedy, Anne MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: Interdisciplinary team working is of paramount importance in the reform of primary care in order to provide cost-effective and comprehensive care. However, international research shows that it is not routine practice in many healthcare jurisdictions. It is imperative to understand levers and barriers to the implementation process. This review examines interdisciplinary team working in practice, in primary care, from the perspective of service providers and analyses 1 barriers and facilitators to implementation of interdisciplinary teams in primary care and 2 the main research gaps...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545015/motor-unit-number-index-munix-in-patients-with-anti-mag-neuropathy
#9
Farzad Fatehi, Emilien Delmont, Aude-Marie Grapperon, Emmanuelle Salort-Campana, Amandine Sévy, Annie Verschueren, José Boucraut, Shahram Attarian
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between Motor Unit Number Index (MUNIX) and functional scales in patients with anti-Myelin Associated Glycoprotein (MAG) neuropathy and to know if MUNIX is modify after rituximab (RTX) therapy. METHODS: 17 patients were enrolled, of whom 6 were prospectively evaluated during one year after RTX treatment. MUNIX technique was assessed in abductor digiti mini (ADM), abductor pollicis brevi (APB) and tibialis anterior (TA) muscles...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544987/a-high-efficiency-denitrification-bioreactor-for-the-treatment-of-acrylonitrile-wastewater-using-waterborne-polyurethane-immobilized-activated-sludge
#10
Honghong Dong, Wei Wang, Zhaozheng Song, Hao Dong, Jianfeng Wang, Shanshan Sun, Zhongzhi Zhang, Ming Ke, Zhenjia Zhang, Wei-Min Wu, Guangqing Zhang, Jie Ma
The performance of a laboratory-scale, high-efficiency denitrification bioreactor (15L) using activated sludge immobilized by waterborne polyurethane in treating acrylonitrile wastewater with high concentration of nitrate nitrogen (249mg/L) was investigated. The bioreactor was operated at 30°C for 220days. Batch denitrification experiments showed that the optimal operation parameters were C/NO3(-)-N molar ratio of 2.0 using sodium acetate as electron donor and carrier filling rate of 20% (V/V) in the bioreactor...
May 5, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544863/how-social-status-shapes-person-perception-and-evaluation-a-social-neuroscience-perspective
#11
Bradley D Mattan, Jennifer T Kubota, Jasmin Cloutier
Inferring the relative rank (i.e., status) of others is essential to navigating social hierarchies. A survey of the expanding social psychological and neuroscience literatures on status reveals a diversity of focuses (e.g., perceiver vs. agent), operationalizations (e.g., status as dominance vs. wealth), and methodologies (e.g., behavioral, neuroscientific). Accommodating this burgeoning literature on status in person perception, the present review offers a novel social neuroscientific framework that integrates existing work with theoretical clarity...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544848/decomposition-of-phenolic-impregnated-carbon-ablator-pica-as-a-function-of-temperature-and-heating-rate
#12
Brody Bessire, Timothy K Minton
Material response models for phenolic-based thermal protection systems (TPSs) for atmospheric entry are limited by the lack of knowledge of the nonequilibrium processes that may govern the decomposition pathways of phenolic resin at heating rates up to tens of degrees Celsius per second. We have investigated the pyrolysis of phenolic impregnated carbon ablator (PICA) by measuring the molar yields of the volatile decomposition products as a function of temperature at four nominal heating rates of 3.1, 6.1, 12...
May 25, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544699/renal-anomalies-and-lymphedema-distichiasis-syndrome-a-rare-association
#13
Gabriela E Jones, Anna K Richmond, Osric Navti, Hatem A Mousa, Stephen Abbs, Edward Thompson, Sahar Mansour, Pradeep C Vasudevan
Lymphedema distichiasis syndrome (LDS) is a rare, autosomal dominant genetic condition, characterized by lower limb lymphedema and distichiasis. Other associated features that have been reported include varicose veins, cleft palate, congenital heart defects, and ptosis. We update a previously reported family with a pathogenic variant in FOXC2 (c.412-413insT) where five affected individuals from the youngest generation had congenital renal anomalies detected on prenatal ultrasound scan. These included four fetuses with hydronephrosis and one with bilateral renal agenesis...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544688/prolonged-denervation-induces-remodeling-of-nasal-mucosa-in-rat-model-of-posterior-nasal-neurectomy
#14
Hironobu Nishijima, Kenji Kondo, Makiko Toma-Hirano, Shu Kikuta, Mizuo Ando, Rumi Ueha, Tatsuya Yamasoba
BACKGROUND: The posterior nasal nerve is the dominant source of the parasympathetic, sympathetic, and sensory fibers that innervate the nasal respiratory mucosa. Therefore, a posterior nasal neurectomy (PNN) induces denervation of the nasal mucosa and relieves the nasal symptoms of intractable rhinitis. PNN depletes nerve fibers, choline acetyltransferase, and neuropeptides in nasal respiratory mucosa, and reduces nasal secretion. However, the histological and symptomatic changes over an extended period after PNN remain unknown...
May 23, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544664/to-reproduce-or-work-insect-castes-emerge-from-socially-induced-changes-in-nutrition-related-genes
#15
Amy L Toth
In social species, there is a fundamental trade-off between 'me' and 'we'; that is, should I reproduce, or should I work to help others to reproduce? In this issue of Molecular Ecology, Okada et al. () delve into the evolution and genetic mechanisms of this core question, focusing on social caste formation in insects. The authors take advantage of a unique ant in the genus Diacamma, which has secondarily lost the classic, highly different queens and workers found in many other ants, bees and wasps. Instead, Diacamma ant castes are decided via aggressive dominance interactions among adult females, similar to dominance hierarchies seen in primitively social insects and many social vertebrates...
June 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544621/a-cell-adhesive-peptide-from-tropoelastin-promotes-sequential-cell-attachment-and-spreading-via-distinct-receptors
#16
Pearl Lee, Giselle C Yeo, Anthony S Weiss
Tropoelastin is the dominant monomer that assembles to form elastin, which confers elasticity to vertebrate elastic tissues including skin, arteries and lungs. Tropoelastin interacts with cells through cell surface receptors including integrins and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). As the region 17-18 is recognized as a key region in cell attachment and spreading, we utilized C-terminal truncated tropoelastin constructs containing dissected sections of domain 18. We mapped a cell interactive sequence of tropoelastin to domain 17 and the first 6 amino acids (aa) of domain 18...
May 24, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544522/metagenomic-potential-for-and-diversity-of-n-cycle-driving-microorganisms-in-the-bothnian-sea-sediment
#17
Olivia Rasigraf, Julia Schmitt, Mike S M Jetten, Claudia Lüke
The biological nitrogen cycle is driven by a plethora of reactions transforming nitrogen compounds between various redox states. Here, we investigated the metagenomic potential for nitrogen cycle of the in situ microbial community in an oligotrophic, brackish environment of the Bothnian Sea sediment. Total DNA from three sediment depths was isolated and sequenced. The characterization of the total community was performed based on 16S rRNA gene inventory using SILVA database as reference. The diversity of diagnostic functional genes coding for nitrate reductases (napA;narG), nitrite:nitrate oxidoreductase (nxrA), nitrite reductases (nirK;nirS;nrfA), nitric oxide reductase (nor), nitrous oxide reductase (nosZ), hydrazine synthase (hzsA), ammonia monooxygenase (amoA), hydroxylamine oxidoreductase (hao), and nitrogenase (nifH) was analyzed by blastx against curated reference databases...
May 23, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544509/association-of-arhgap22-gene-polymorphisms-with-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetic-retinopathy
#18
Rong Li, Peng Chen, Jing Li, Mengdan Yan, Jingjie Li, Shanqu Li, Hongli Zhu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the contribution of ARHGAP22 polymorphism to diabetic retinopathy (DR) risk. We performed a case-control study to investigate the associations between ARHGAP22 and the risk of DR in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: A total of 341 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were selected. All patients underwent a complete eye examination. Based on this, the patients with T2DM were divided into two subgroups: 188 patients with DR and 153 patients without DR...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544463/axonal-charcot-marie-tooth-neuropathy-concurrent-with-distal-and-proximal-weakness-by-translational-elongation-of-the-3-utr-in-nefh
#19
Da Eun Nam, Sung-Chul Jung, Da Hye Yoo, Sun Seong Choi, Sung-Yum Seo, Gwang Hoon Kim, Song-Ja Kim, Soo Hyun Nam, Byung-Ok Choi, Ki Wha Chung
Mutations in the NEFH gene encoding the heavy neurofilament protein are usually associated with neuronal damage and susceptibility to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Recently, frameshift variants in NEFH (p.Asp1004Glnfs*58 and p.Pro1008Alafs*56) have been reported to be the underlying cause of axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2CC (CMT2CC). The frameshift mutation resulted in a stop loss and translation of a cryptic amyloidogenic element (CAE) encoded by the 3' UTR. This study also identified a de novo c...
May 24, 2017: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544424/increasing-carbon-discrimination-rates-and-depth-of-water-uptake-favor-the-growth-of-mediterranean-evergreen-trees-in-the-ecotone-with-temperate-deciduous-forests
#20
Adrià Barbeta, Josep Peñuelas
Tree populations at the low-altitudinal or -latitudinal limits of species' distributional ranges are predicted to retreat toward higher altitudes and latitudes to track the ongoing changes in climate. Studies have focused on the climatic sensitivity of the retreating species, whereas little is known about the potential replacements. Competition between tree species in forest ecotones will likely be strongly influenced by the ecophysiological responses to heat and drought. We used tree-ring widths and δ(13) C and δ(18) O chronologies to compare the growth rates and long-term ecophysiological responses to climate in the temperate-Mediterranean ecotone formed by the deciduous Fagus sylvatica and the evergreen Quercus ilex at low altitudes and at the southern latitudinal limit of F...
May 22, 2017: Global Change Biology
keyword
keyword
70859
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"