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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749547/comparing-the-lexical-similarity-of-the-triarchic-model-of-psychopathy-to-contemporary-models-of-psychopathy
#1
Dylan T Gatner, Kevin S Douglas, Stephen D Hart
OBJECTIVE: The Triarchic model of psychopathy (Patrick, Fowles, & Krueger, 2009) posits that psychopathic personality comprises three domains: Boldness, Meanness, and Disinhibition. The present study aimed to clarify conceptual overlap between contemporary definitions of psychopathy, with particular emphasis given to the relevance of Boldness (i.e., social dominance, venturesomeness, emotional resiliency)-a topic of recent debate. METHOD: Undergraduate students (N = 439) compared the lexical similarity of Triarchic domains with two contemporary models of psychopathy: the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP; Cooke, Hart, Logan, & Michie, 2012) and Five Factor Model of psychopathy (FFM; Widiger & Lynam, 1998)...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749546/familial-progressive-hyperpigmentation-a-family-resurvey-and-ultrastructural-skin-investigation
#2
Tingmei Wang, Hongwen Li, Yingying Dong, Man Hu, Qiuyun She, Yunhua Deng
Familial progressive hyperpigmentation (FPH) is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis characterized by hyperpigmented patches that increase in size and number with age. Since its initial description in an African-American family in 1971, only a few cases of FPH have been documented. A three-generation family with FPH in central China has also been reported. Here, we resurveyed that Chinese FPH family for a few unusual features including delayed age of onset and non-involvement of ocular and oral mucosae. Electron microscopic examination of skin from the proband of the family showed that there were more melanosomes in lesional keratinocytes than in perilesional keratinocytes...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749444/a-possible-percutaneous-penetration-pathway-that-should-be-considered
#3
Ichiro Hatta, Noboru Ohta, Hiromitsu Nakazawa
The intercellular lipids in the stratum corneum form structures composed of ordered phases with orthorhombic and hexagonal hydrocarbon-chain packing structures and, in addition, a structure composed of a disordered fluid phase. Although the fluid phase plays an important role in percutaneous penetration, little attention has been paid to it in the literature thus far. Recently, a method to estimate the proportion of the fluid phase within the lipids of the stratum corneum was proposed and it was shown to reach about 80%...
July 27, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749435/allelic-complexity-in-long-qt-syndrome-a-family-case-study
#4
Alberto Zullo, Giulia Frisso, Nicola Detta, Berardo Sarubbi, Emanuele Romeo, Angela Cordella, Carlos G Vanoye, Raffaele Calabrò, Alfred L George, Francesco Salvatore
Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is associated with high genetic and allelic heterogeneity. In some cases, more than one genetic variant is identified in the same (compound heterozygosity) or different (digenic heterozygosity) genes, and subjects with multiple pathogenic mutations may have a more severe disease. Standard-of-care clinical genetic testing for this and other arrhythmia susceptibility syndromes improves the identification of complex genotypes. Therefore, it is important to distinguish between pathogenic mutations and benign rare variants...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749373/dosimetric-evaluation-of-a-commercial-proton-spot-scanning-monte-carlo-dose-algorithm-comparisons-against-measurements-and-simulations
#5
Jatinder Saini, Dominic Maes, Alexander Egan, Stephen R Bowen, Sara St James, Martin Janson, Tony Wong, Charles Bloch
RaySearch Americas Inc. (NY) has introduced a commercial Monte Carlo dose algorithm (RS-MC) for routine clinical use in proton spot scanning. In this report, we provide a validation of this algorithm against phantom measurements and simulations in GATE/GEANT4 software package. We also compared the performance of RayStation analytical algorithm (RS-PBA) against the RS-MC algorithm. Methods: A beam model (G-MC) for spot scanning gantry at our proton center was implemented in the GATE software package. The model was validated against measurements in a water phantom and was used for benchmarking the RS-MC...
July 27, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749352/example-based-image-colorization-using-locality-consistent-sparse-representation
#6
Bo Li, Fuchen Zhao, Zhuo Su, Xiangguo Liang, Yu-Kun Lai, Paul L Rosin
Image colorization aims to produce a natural looking color image from a given grayscale image, which remains a challenging problem. In this paper, we propose a novel examplebased image colorization method exploiting a new locality consistent sparse representation. Given a single reference color image, our method automatically colorizes the target grayscale image by sparse pursuit. For efficiency and robustness, our method operates at the superpixel level. We extract low-level intensity features, mid-level texture features and high-level semantic features for each superpixel, which are then concatenated to form its descriptor...
July 26, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749108/snp-and-haplotype-analysis-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-vegf-gene-in-lung-cancer-patients-of-kashmir
#7
Niyaz A Naikoo, Dil Afroze, Roohi Rasool, Sonaullah Shah, A G Ahangar, Imtiyaz A Bhat, Iqbal Qasim, Mushtaq A Siddiqi, Zafar A Shah
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major mediator of angiogenesis involving tumor growth and metastasis. In this large case-control study, we investigated whether functional polymorphisms (+405C>G, +936C>T) in the VEGF gene are associated with the risk of lung cancer. The study investigates the association between variants of VEGF gene and lung cancer. We performed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), haplotype and linkage disequilibrium studies on 100 patients and 128 healthy controls with 2 SNPs in the VEGF gene...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749098/association-of-xrcc2-rs3218536-polymorphism-with-susceptibility-of-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Mahdieh Kamali, Sedigheh Hamadani, Hossein Neamatzadeh, Mahta Mazaheri, Masoud Zare Shehneh, Mitra Modaress Gilani, Fatemeh Haghighi
Background: Previous studies have investigated the association of X-Ray Repair Cross-Complementing Group 2 (XRCC2) rs3218536 polymorphism with breast and ovarian cancer. However, this association remains conflicting. Therefore, we have performed the current systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the association between XRCC2 rs3218536 polymorphism with risk of breast and ovarian cancer. Methods: We conducted a search in PubMed, Google Scholar and ISI Web of Science to select relevant studies on the association of XRCC2 rs3218536 polymorphism with breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749022/effects-of-gnrh-a-progesterone-releasing-device-and-energy-balance-on-an-oestrus-synchronisation-program-in-anoestrous-dairy-cows
#9
S K Sahu, J F Cockrem, T J Parkinson, R A Laven
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to study the roles of the day 0 energy balance and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and progesterone levels on dominant follicle (DF) and corpus luteum (CL) development during the first 7 days of a gonadotrophin-prostaglandin-gonadotrophin (GPG) + progesterone (P4) program in anoestrous dairy cows. METHODS: Cows (n = 81) were allocated to one of the three treatments: (1) GPG + P4 (days 0 and 9, 100 µg GnRH; day 0-7, intravaginal P4 device; day 7, 500 µg PGF2α ); (2) GPG (as for treatment 1 but excluding the P4 device) and (3) prostaglandin + GnRH + P4 (as for treatment 1, but excluding day 0 GnRH)...
August 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748909/von-hippel-lindau-disease-when-neurosurgery-meets-nephrology-ophthalmology-and-genetics
#10
Francesco Signorelli, Giovanni Piscopo, Sophie Giraud, Silvana Guerriero, Antonio Laborante, Maria E Latronico, Gennaro Chimenti, Rodolfo Maduri, Domenico Chirchiglia, Angelo Lavano, Jacques Guyotat, Giovanni Alessio, Loreto Gesualdo
INTRODUCTION: Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a dominantly inherited condition associated with tumors in multiple organs, whose treatment requires heightened multidisciplinary teamwork. Therefore, a document summarizing all the pertinent knowledge is needed to enhance coordination of care. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of the literature from the Medline, Embase and Cochrane Central databases was performed. From 1970 to 2017, all articles meeting specific inclusion criteria were included by at least one specialist physician for each field...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748849/a-novel-missense-mutation-in-peripheral-myelin-protein-22-causes-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#11
Li-Xi Li, Hai-Lin Dong, Bao-Guo Xiao, Zhi-Ying Wu
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common inherited peripheral neuropathy. A great number of causative genes have been described in CMT, and among them, the heterozygous duplication of peripheral myelin protein-22 (PMP22) is the major cause. Although the missense mutation in PMP22 is rarely reported, it has been demonstrated to be associated with CMT. This study described a novel missense mutation of PMP22 in a Chinese family with CMT phenotype. METHODS: Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to screen the causative genes in a family featured with an autosomal dominant demyelinating form of CMT...
August 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748848/nine-hole-peg-test-and-ten-meter-walk-test-for-evaluating-functional-loss-in-chinese-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#12
Hui-Xia Niu, Rui-Hao Wang, Hong-Liang Xu, Bo Song, Jing Yang, Chang-He Shi, Yu-Sheng Li, Bing-Qian Zhang, Shao-Ping Wang, Quan Yong, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Yu-Ming Xu
BACKGROUND: The 9-hole peg test (9-HPT) and 10-meter walk test (10-MWT) are commonly used to test finger motor function and walking ability. The aim of this present study was to investigate the efficacy of these tests for evaluating functional loss in Chinese Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. METHODS: Thirty-four Chinese CMT patients (CMT group) from August 2015 to December 2016 were evaluated with 9-HPT, 10-MWT, CMT disease examination score, overall neuropathy limitation scale (ONLS), functional disability score, and Berg Balance Scale (BBS)...
August 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748831/investigation-of-the-superconducting-gap-structure-in-%C3%AE%C2%BA-bedt-ttf-sub-2-sub-cu-ncs-sub-2-sub-and-%C3%AE%C2%BA-bedt-ttf-sub-2-sub-cu-n-cn-sub-2-sub-br-by-means-of-thermal-conductivity-measurements
#13
Sebastian Kühlmorgen, Rico Schönemann, Elizabeth Lauren Green, Jens Mueller, J Wosnitza
We report temperature-dependent thermal-conductivity, <i>κ</i>, measurements on the layered quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductors κ-(BEDT-TTF)<sub>2</sub>Cu(NCS)<sub>2</sub> and κ-(BEDT-TTF)<sub>2</sub>Cu[N(CN)<sub>2</sub>]Br down to 160 mK. The results for κ-(BEDT-TTF)<sub>2</sub>Cu(NCS)<sub>2</sub> may be consistent with a nodal superconducting (SC) gap structure as indicated by a non-negligible remnant linear contribution when <i>κ/T →T^2</i> is extrapolated to <i>T = 0</i>...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748742/formation-of-magnesium-hydrosilicate-nanomaterials-and-its-applications-for-phosphate-ammonium-removal
#14
Rongtai Yu, Feng Liu, Hongqiang Ren, Jichun Wu, Xuxiang Zhang
Nanomaterials of magnesium hydrosilicate Mg3Si2O5(OH)4 were developed for phosphate and ammonium recovery from wastewater in virgin, which had the structure of diffuse interlamellar order, and synthesized under hydrothermal conditions at temperatures of 200°C for 36-72 h from mixtures of magnesite and zeolite as mineralizers. The amount of magnesium released has gone up to 48 mg/g by magnesium hydrosilicate, which was increased with the increase in the weight ratio of magnesite:zeolite. When magnesium hydrosilicate was used to adsorb phosphate and ammonium, electrostatic adsorption was not a dominant mechanism, the adsorbing capacity of phosphate was about 19 mg/g, and the simultaneous adsorbing capacity of ammonium was 7...
July 27, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748424/association-of-adam-12-polymorphisms-with-the-risk-of-knee-osteoarthritis-meta-analysis-of-5048-cases-and-6848-controls
#15
Xuerong Hu, Guoli Sun, Weidong Wang
Several studies have suggested the association between ADAM 12 polymorphisms and the risk of osteoarthritis (OA), but the results remained controversial. Therefore, we designed a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate the association on this issue. A literature search for eligible studies was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. The association between ADAM 12 polymorphisms and knee OA risk was calculated by odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Study heterogeneity, sensitivity and publication bias analyses were also conducted...
July 26, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748318/surgical-outcome-of-wide-wedge-resection-in-poor-risk-patients-with-clinical-n0-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Hiroaki Tsunezuka, Daishiro Kato, Satoru Okada, Tatsuo Furuya, Junichi Shimada, Masayoshi Inoue
OBJECTIVE: Sublobar resection is practically indicated in poor-risk patients compromised cardiopulmonary reserve or for small ground-glass opacity-dominant adenocarcinomas. The aim of this study was to clarify the surgical outcomes of wide wedge resection in poor-risk patients with clinical-N0 non-small cell lung cancers. METHODS: Sixty-two poor-risk patients, who underwent wedge resection for clinical-N0 lung cancer, were retrospectively reviewed. We defined the ratio of the maximum diameter of the consolidation to the maximum tumour diameter as the consolidation-to-tumour ratio using high-resolution computed tomography...
July 26, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748290/selection-for-novel-acid-tolerant-desulfovibrio-spp-from-a-closed-transbaikal-mine-site-in-a-temporal-ph-gradient-bioreactor
#17
Dmitry V Antsiferov, Tatiana S Fyodorova, Anastasia A Kovalyova, Anastasia Lukina, Yulia A Frank, Marat R Avakyan, David Banks, Olli H Tuovinen, Olga V Karnachuk
Almost all the known isolates of acidophilic or acid-tolerant sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) belong to the spore-forming genus Desulfosporosinus in the Firmicutes. The objective of this study was to isolate acidophilic/acid-tolerant members of the genus Desulfovibrio belonging to deltaproteobacterial SRB. The sample material originated from microbial mat biomass submerged in mine water and was enriched for sulphate reducers by cultivation in anaerobic medium with lactate as an electron donor. A stirred tank bioreactor with the same medium composition was inoculated with the sulphidogenic enrichment...
July 26, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748284/a-density-functional-theory-study-on-the-hydrogen-bonding-interactions-between-luteolin-and-ethanol
#18
Yan-Zhen Zheng, Jing Xu, Qin Liang, Da-Fu Chen, Rui Guo, Zhong-Min Fu
Ethanol is one of the most commonly used solvents to extract flavonoids from propolis. Hydrogen bonding interactions play an important role in the properties of liquid system. The main objective of the work is to study the hydrogen bonding interactions between flavonoid and ethanol. Luteolin is a very common flavonoid that has been found in different geographical and botanical propolis. In this work, it was selected as the representative flavonoid to do detailed research. The study was performed from a theoretical perspective using density functional theory (DFT) method...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748273/changes-in-the-intestinal-microbiota-of-gibel-carp-carassius-gibelio-associated-with-cyprinid-herpesvirus-2-cyhv-2-infection
#19
Rong She, Tong-Tong Li, Dan Luo, Jia-Bao Li, Liu-Yi Yin, Huan Li, Yao-Min Liu, Xiang-Zhen Li, Qi-Gui Yan
Gut microbiota are integral to the host, and have received increased attention in recent years. However, information regarding the intestinal microbiota of many aquaculture animals is insufficient; elucidating the dynamics of the intestinal microbiota can be beneficial for nutrition, immunity, and disease control. In this study, we used 16S rRNA sequencing to observe changes in the intestinal microbiota of gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) associated with cyprinid herpesvirus 2 (CyHV-2) infection. Our results indicate that the diversity of the intestinal microbiota was strongly reduced, and the composition was dramatically altered following CyHV-2 infection...
July 26, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748184/complement-in-non-antibody-mediated-kidney-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Andrea Angeletti, Joselyn Reyes-Bahamonde, Paolo Cravedi, Kirk N Campbell
The complement system is part of the innate immune response that plays important roles in protecting the host from foreign pathogens. The complement components and relative fragment deposition have long been recognized to be strongly involved also in the pathogenesis of autoantibody-related kidney glomerulopathies, leading to direct glomerular injury and recruitment of infiltrating inflammation pathways. More recently, unregulated complement activation has been shown to be associated with progression of non-antibody-mediated kidney diseases, including focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, C3 glomerular disease, thrombotic microangiopathies, or general fibrosis generation in progressive chronic kidney diseases...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
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