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speech and language therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327796/speech-characteristics-in-the-congenital-and-childhood-onset-forms-of-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#1
Lotta Sjögreen, Åsa Mårtensson, Anne-Berit Ekström
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a slowly progressive multi-systemic disease with an autosomal-dominant inheritance caused by a mutation on chromosome 19 (19q13.3). AIMS: To explore speech characteristics in a group of individuals with the congenital and childhood-onset forms of DM1 in terms of intelligibility, speech-sound production, nasality and compensatory articulation. A further aim was to analyse whether speech characteristics were correlated to subforms of DM1 and if speech outcome could be related to muscle strength...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325162/an-analysis-of-adverse-events-in-the-rehabilitation-department-using-the-veterans-affairs-root-cause-analysis-system
#2
Gregory W Hagley, Peter D Mills, Brian Shiner, Robin R Hemphill
Background: Root cause analyses (RCA) are often completed in health care settings to determine causes of adverse events (AEs). RCAs result in action plans designed to mitigate future patient harm. National reviews of RCA reports have assessed the safety of numerous health care settings and suggested opportunities for improvement. However, few studies have assessed the safety of receiving care from physical therapists, occupational therapists, or speech and language pathology pathologists...
January 9, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324475/bilateral-cochlear-implants-maximizing-expected-outcomes
#3
Kate E Willis, Nathan J Blum, Stephanie A Waryasz, Marilyn Augustyn
Sonia is a 4 1/12-year-old girl with Waardenburg syndrome and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who had bilateral cochlear implants at 2 7/12 years of age. She is referred to Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics by her speech/language pathologist because of concerns that her language skills are not progressing as expected after the cochlear implant. At the time of the implant, she communicated using approximately 20 signs and 1 spoken word (mama). At the time of the evaluation (18 months after the implant) she had approximately 70 spoken words (English and Spanish) and innumerable signs that she used to communicate...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323402/neurogenic-stuttering-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
C Cruz, H Amorim, G Beca, R Nunes
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic stuttering is a disorder of neurologic origin in the rhythm of speech during which the patient knows exactly what he wants to say but is unable to because of an involuntary prolongation, cessation or repetition of a sound. AIM: To assemble new insights regarding the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of neurogenic stuttering. DEVELOPMENT: A review of all PubMed and Scopus published articles between January 2000 and September 2016 was performed...
January 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306524/the-singer-s-and-the-clinician-s-perspective-on-vitamin-b12-treatment-for-vocal-benefits
#5
Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Christian X Lava, Edie R Hapner, Karla O'Dell, Lindsay Reder, Michael M Johns
INTRODUCTION: There is a belief among vocalists that there are voice benefits from vitamin B12 treatment. Yet there are no previous reports regarding vitamin B12 effects on voice. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of vitamin B12 use among singers and their beliefs regarding vitamin B12 therapy. METHODS: Anonymous online survey administered to singers, singing-teachers, speech-language pathologists, and laryngologists. RESULTS: A total of 192 participants completed the surveys; 128 singers (68 singing-teachers, 30 speech-language pathologists) and 64 laryngologists...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297737/bringing-interprofessional-case-based-learning-into-the-classroom-for-occupational-therapy-and-speech-language-pathology-students
#6
Sarah E Wallace, Jeryl D Benson
Instructors are increasingly integrating interprofessional education (IPE) activities into academic programs to address curricular demands. IPE aims to increase the quality of collaborative services provided to patients. This article describes a case-based IPE activity designed for occupational therapy and speech-language pathology graduate students. This activity was designed as a small-scale integration of IPE to compliment large scale, multi-discipline learning activities. Students from two courses participated in an IPE activity that included one online and one in-class activity...
January 3, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289680/the-potential-effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-on-language-functioning-combining-neuromodulation-and-behavioral-intervention-in-aphasia
#7
REVIEW
Paola Marangolo
Aphasia is a highly disabling language disorder usually caused by a left stroke brain damage. Even if traditional language therapies have been proved to induce an adequate clinical recovery, a large percentage of patients are left with chronic deficits at 6 months post-stroke. Therefore, new strategies to common speech therapies are urgently needed in order to maximize the recovery from aphasia. The recent application of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to language rehabilitation has already provided promising results...
December 28, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288590/combined-electrical-stimulation-and-exercise-for-swallow-rehabilitation-post-stroke-a-pilot-randomized-control-trial
#8
Lise Sproson, Sue Pownall, Pam Enderby, Jenny Freeman
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common after stroke, affecting up to 50% of patients initially. It can lead to post-stroke pneumonia, which causes 30% of stroke-related deaths, a longer hospital stay and poorer health outcomes. Dysphagia care post-stroke generally focuses on the management of symptoms, via modified oral intake textures and adapted posture, rather than direct physical rehabilitation of the swallowing function. Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a promising rehabilitation technology that can be used to stimulate swallowing; however, findings regarding efficacy have been conflicting...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283669/systems-thinking-and-systems-based-practice-across-the-health-professions-an-inquiry-into-definitions-teaching-practices-and-assessment
#9
Margaret M Plack, Ellen F Goldman, Andrea R Scott, Christine Pintz, Debra Herrmann, Kathleen Kline, Tracey Thompson, Shelley B Brundage
Phenomenon: Systems thinking is the cornerstone of systems-based practice (SBP) and a core competency in medicine and health sciences. Literature regarding how to teach or apply systems thinking in practice is limited. This study aimed to understand how educators in medicine, physical therapy, physician assistant, nursing, and speech-language pathology education programs teach and assess systems thinking and SBP. APPROACH: Twenty-six educators from seven different degree programs across the five professions were interviewed and program descriptions and relevant course syllabi were reviewed...
December 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280496/silent-aspiration-who-is-at-risk
#10
Priatharisiny Velayutham, Alexandria L Irace, Kosuke Kawai, Pamela Dodrill, Jennifer Perez, Monica Londahl, Lauren Mundy, Natasha D Dombrowski, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of silent aspiration in pediatric patients and identify which diagnoses may be associated with this finding. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review was conducted for all patients under the age of 18 who underwent modified barium swallow (MBS) studies at a tertiary children's hospital in 2015. Speech-language pathologists reviewed MBS studies to identify aspiration/silent aspiration on each fluid consistency tested...
December 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273692/efficacy-of-intensive-aphasia-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Benjamin Stahl, Bettina Mohr, Verena Büscher, Felix R Dreyer, Guglielmo Lucchese, Friedemann Pulvermüller
OBJECTIVE: Recent evidence has fuelled the debate on the role of massed practice in the rehabilitation of chronic post-stroke aphasia. Here, we further determined the optimal daily dosage and total duration of intensive speech-language therapy. METHODS: Individuals with chronic aphasia more than 1 year post-stroke received Intensive Language-Action Therapy in a randomised, parallel-group, blinded-assessment, controlled trial. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two outpatient groups who engaged in either highly-intensive practice (Group I: 4 hours daily) or moderately-intensive practice (Group II: 2 hours daily)...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248909/stimulation-of-executive-functions-as-part-of-the-language-intervention-process-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Ingrid Ya I Sun, Cristina Andrade Varanda, Fernanda Dreux Fernandes
AIMS: Identifying effective methods for stimulating language and communication of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is fundamental to the effective use of available resources to support these children. This pilot study was designed to explore the potential benefits of a program of stimulation of executive functions (SEF) on the functional aspects of language and communication through the assessment of the functional communicative profile and social-cognitive performance. METHODS: Twenty children, aged 5-12 years, with a diagnosis of ASD participated in the study...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236902/evaluation-of-speech-language-pathology-care-in-the-family-health-strategy-from-user-perspective
#13
Loise Elena Zanin, Izabelle Mont'Alverne Napoleão Albuquerque, Maria do Socorro Melo Carneiro, Daniel Hardy Melo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the satisfaction of users assisted by speech-language pathologists during their Multi-professional Residency in Family Health, considering the structural, organizational and relational categories. METHODS: Qualitative assessment conducted with 30 Family Health Strategy (FHS) users. Data were analyzed using Bardin's content analysis. RESULTS: The organizational category presented aspects associated with the organization of speech-language pathology (SLP) services, describing the specific practice and role of speech-language therapists in the FHS, as well as referral and waiting time for care, speech-language therapy actions, clarification of problems, and promotion of self-care...
December 7, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232055/outcome-of-orthodontic-palatal-plate-therapy-for-orofacial-dysfunction-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
F Javed, Z Akram, A P Barillas, S V Kellesarian, H B Ahmed, J Khan, K Almas
To evaluate the effects of orthodontic palatal plate therapy (OPPT) in the treatment of orofacial dysfunction in children with Down syndrome (DS). Indexed databases were searched. Clinical trials in DS allocated to test (treatment with palatal plates) versus control group (without palatal plates/special physiotherapy for orofacial stimulation) with follow-up of any time duration and assessing mouth closure, tongue position, active and inactive muscle function as outcomes. Study designs, subject demographics, frequency and duration of palatal plate therapy, method for assessment, follow-up period and outcomes were reported according to the PRISMA guidelines...
December 12, 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225339/early-speech-development-in-koolen-de-vries-syndrome-limited-by-oral-praxis-and-hypotonia
#15
Angela T Morgan, Leenke van Haaften, Karen van Hulst, Carol Edley, Cristina Mei, Tiong Yang Tan, David Amor, Simon E Fisher, David A Koolen
Communication disorder is common in Koolen de Vries syndrome (KdVS), yet its specific symptomatology has not been examined, limiting prognostic counselling and application of targeted therapies. Here we examine the communication phenotype associated with KdVS. Twenty-nine participants (12 males, 4 with KANSL1 variants, 25 with 17q21.31 microdeletion), aged 1.0-27.0 years were assessed for oral-motor, speech, language, literacy, and social functioning. Early history included hypotonia and feeding difficulties...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218762/comparison-of-paired-and-single-clinical-placement-models-a-time-use-analysis
#16
Marita Bhagwat, Ronelle Hewetson, Lee Jones, Anne Hill, Jennifer Nunn, Rachel Tosh, Louise Cahill
BACKGROUND: To meet rising clinical placement demand caused by increasing health student numbers, the use of paired (two students) rather than single (one student) placement models has been proposed. There is, however, limited research available to inform placement providers about the relative effects of both models on healthcare services, including patient- and non-patient-related activities and patient occasions of service. AIMS: To investigate a key clinical question: Does clinical educator (supervisor) and student time use differ during paired placements compared with single placements? Also to examine the satisfaction levels of clinical educators (CEs) and students with paired and single clinical placement models...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204783/the-impact-of-rehabilitative-interventions-on-quality-of-life-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis-of-personal-experiences-of-individuals-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#17
REVIEW
Ammarah Y Soofi, Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Michelle E Kho, Lori Letts
BACKGROUND: The nature of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is progressive and degenerative, thus influencing individuals physically, emotionally, and socially. A broad review of qualitative studies that describe the personal experiences of people with ALS with physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech and language pathology interventions, and how those affect QoL is warranted. PURPOSE: This study synthesizes qualitative research regarding the potential that rehabilitation interventions have to maintain and/or improve QoL from the perspective of people with ALS...
December 4, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192534/intensive-communicative-therapy-reduces-symptoms-of-depression-in-chronic-nonfluent-aphasia
#18
Bettina Mohr, Benjamin Stahl, Marcelo L Berthier, Friedemann Pulvermüller
BACKGROUND: Patients with brain lesions and resultant chronic aphasia frequently suffer from depression. However, no effective interventions are available to target neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with aphasia who have severe language and communication deficits. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of 2 different methods of speech and language therapy in reducing symptoms of depression in aphasia on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) using secondary analysis (BILAT-1 trial)...
November 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188278/comparing-traditional-service-delivery-and-telepractice-for-speech-sound-production-using-a-functional-outcome-measure
#19
Kathy Coufal, Douglas Parham, Melissa Jakubowitz, Cassandra Howell, Jared Reyes
Purpose: Using American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's (ASHA's) National Outcomes Measurement System (NOMS) Functional Communication Measure (FCM) as a common metric, this investigation compared traditional service delivery and telepractice service delivery for children receiving therapy for the NOMS diagnostic category of "speech sound production." Method: De-identified cases were secured from ASHA's NOMS database and a proprietary database from a private e-learning provider...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176312/validation-of-a-paediatric-speech-and-language-screening-ralf
#20
Marisa Lousada, Ana Rita S Valente, Ana Mendes
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aims to analyse psychometric characteristics of the Portuguese Paediatric Speech and Language Screening (RALF) test. METHODS: 202 Portuguese children aged 3; 0-5; 11 were recruited from 4 kindergartens participating in this study. Reliability and validity (sensitivity and specificity) data were obtained and analysed. RESULTS: Content validity, analysed by an expert panel (general practitioner, kindergarten, teacher, nurse, and speech and language pathologist) revealed that the items were representative and relevant for the content the instrument intends to measure...
October 26, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
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