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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092225/comparison-of-dysphagia-outcomes-between-rostral-and-caudal-lateral-medullary-infarct-patients
#1
Min Ho Chun, Daeha Kim, Min Cheol Chang
OBJECTIVE: A detailed knowledge of dysphagia outcomes in lateral medullary infarct (LMI) patients would enable proper establishment of swallowing therapy goals and strategies. However, little is known about the impact of infarct location on dysphagia outcomes in patients with LMI. METHODS: Twenty patients with rostral LMI (rostral group) and 20 patients with caudal LMI (caudal group) participated in the study. All patients underwent swallowing therapy, which included compensatory treatments and strengthening exercises, for >3 months...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079400/dysphagia-therapy-post-stroke-an-exploration-of-the-practices-and-clinical-decision-making-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-australia
#2
Olivia Jones, Jade Cartwright, Anne Whitworth, Naomi Cocks
PURPOSE: A variety of dysphagia management options are available for the treatment of dysphagia following a stroke, however, it is unknown which of these approaches are most commonly utilised by Australian speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and whether particular factors influence decision-making. METHOD: The aim of this study was to investigate, through an online survey, the treatment practices of SLPs in Australia for the treatment of dysphagia post-stroke and identify the factors influencing treatment decisions...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079113/congenital-hearing-loss
#3
Anna M H Korver, Richard J H Smith, Guy Van Camp, Mark R Schleiss, Maria A K Bitner-Glindzicz, Lawrence R Lustig, Shin-Ichi Usami, An N Boudewyns
Congenital hearing loss (hearing loss that is present at birth) is one of the most prevalent chronic conditions in children. In the majority of developed countries, neonatal hearing screening programmes enable early detection; early intervention will prevent delays in speech and language development and has long-lasting beneficial effects on social and emotional development and quality of life. A diagnosis of hearing loss is usually followed by a search for an underlying aetiology. Congenital hearing loss might be attributed to environmental and prenatal factors, which prevail in low-income settings; congenital infections, particularly cytomegalovirus infection, are also a common risk factor for hearing loss...
January 12, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071974/from-ancient-greece-to-the-cognitive-revolution-a-comprehensive-view-of-physical-rehabilitation-sciences
#4
David Martínez-Pernía, Óscar González-Castán, David Huepe
The development of rehabilitation has traditionally focused on measurements of motor disorders and measurements of the improvements produced during the therapeutic process; however, physical rehabilitation sciences have not focused on understanding the philosophical and scientific principles in clinical intervention and how they are interrelated. The main aim of this paper is to explain the foundation stones of the disciplines of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech/language therapy in recovery from motor disorder...
January 10, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067575/perceptual-judgments-of-resonance-nasal-airflow-understandability-and-acceptability-in-speakers-with-cleft-palate-ordinal-versus-visual-analogue-scaling
#5
Sarah Castick, Rachael-Anne Knight, Debbie Sell
OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the reliability of ordinal versus visual analogue scaling (VAS) ratings for perceptual judgments of nasal resonance, nasal airflow, understandability, and acceptability in speakers with cleft palate. DESIGN:   Within-subjects comparative study. SETTING:   Multisite. PARTICIPANTS:   Five specialist speech and language therapists from U.K. Regional Cleft Centres. OUTCOME MEASURES:   Participants rated 30 audio speech samples obtained from the Speech and Language Therapy archives of Great Ormond Street Hospital...
January 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045638/treatment-of-chronic-cough
#6
Resha S Soni, Barbara Ebersole, Nausheen Jamal
Objective Chronic cough remains a challenging condition, especially in cases where it persists despite comprehensive medical management. For these particular patients, there appears to be an emerging role for behavior modification therapy. We report a series of patients with refractory chronic cough to assess if there is any benefit of adding behavioral therapy to their treatment regimen. Study Design A case series with planned chart review of patients treated for chronic cough. Setting The review was performed with an outpatient electronic health record system at a tertiary care center...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039933/aphasia-and-literacy-the-insider-s-perspective
#7
Emma Kjellén, Katja Laakso, Ingrid Henriksson
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated how people with aphasia (PWA) experience literacy skills. Taking the insider's perspective is a way to increase understanding of the individual experiences of literacy among PWA, which may have clinical implications. AIMS: To describe how literacy, i.e., reading and writing, is experienced in everyday life by PWA and to gain insight into the part played by literacy skills in their lives. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A qualitative descriptive research approach was taken...
December 31, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039015/longitudinal-follow-up-to-evaluate-speech-disorders-in-early-treated-patients-with-infantile-onset-pompe-disease
#8
Yin-Ting Zeng, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Pao-Chuan Torng, Ni-Chung Lee, Jeng-Yi Shieh, Lu Lu, Yin-Hsiu Chien
BACKGROUND: Patients with infantile-onset Pompe disease (IOPD) can be treated by recombinant human acid alpha glucosidase (rhGAA) replacement beginning at birth with excellent survival rates, but they still commonly present with speech disorders. This study investigated the progress of speech disorders in these early-treated patients and ascertained the relationship with treatments. METHODS: Speech disorders, including hypernasal resonance, articulation disorders, and speech intelligibility, were scored by speech-language pathologists using auditory perception in seven early-treated patients over a period of 6 years...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032402/a-systematic-scoping-review-of-speech-and-language-therapists-public-health-practice-for-early-language-development
#9
REVIEW
Clare Smith, Emma Williams, Karen Bryan
BACKGROUND: There have been calls for speech and language therapists (SLTs) to work within a public-health framework to support language development. Innovative practice is reported, but the range of services remains unknown. Furthermore, the potential impact of public health practice in speech and language therapy on early child development is also currently unknown. A new method in SLT research, systematic scoping reviews enable greater breadth of focus than traditional systematic reviews when identifying innovative practice...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007326/unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-a-systematic-review-of-speech-language-pathology-management
#10
REVIEW
Chloe Walton, Erin Conway, Helen Blackshaw, Paul Carding
OBJECTIVES: Dysphonia due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) can be characterized by hoarseness and weakness, resulting in a significant impact on patients' activity and participation. Voice therapy provided by a speech-language pathologist is designed to maximize vocal function and improve quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to systematically review literature surrounding the effectiveness of speech-language pathology intervention for the management of UVFP in adults...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002479/recovernow-feasibility-of-a-mobile-tablet-based-rehabilitation-intervention-to-treat-post-stroke-communication-deficits-in-the-acute-care-setting
#11
Karen H Mallet, Rany M Shamloul, Dale Corbett, Hillel M Finestone, Simon Hatcher, Jim Lumsden, Franco Momoli, Michel C F Shamy, Grant Stotts, Richard H Swartz, Christine Yang, Dar Dowlatshahi
BACKGROUND: Approximately 40% of patients diagnosed with stroke experience some degree of aphasia. With limited health care resources, patients' access to speech and language therapies is often delayed. We propose using mobile-platform technology to initiate early speech-language therapy in the acute care setting. For this pilot, our objective was to assess the feasibility of a tablet-based speech-language therapy for patients with communication deficits following acute stroke. METHODS: We enrolled consecutive patients admitted with a stroke and communication deficits with NIHSS score ≥1 on the best language and/or dysarthria parameters...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001273/effect-of-speech-language-therapy-after-low-level-laser-therapy-in-patients-with-tmd-a-descriptive-study
#12
Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Bárbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Lais Valencise Magri, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
Increased pain and/or discomfort during chewing, speaking, and swallowing have been commonly reported by patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD). Speech-language pathology therapy (orofacial myofunctional therapy - OMT) has been proposed as part of the treatment for this condition; however, it is a modality that should be introduced when the TMD context and the pain are not accentuated, so that they do not prevent or hinder the performance of exercises. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of OMT on the treatment of patients with TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), after analgesia with low-level laser therapy (LLLT), regarding orofacial myofunctional conditions (OMC) and the perception of TMD symptoms...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995697/language-development-delay-and-intervention-the-views-of-parents-from-communities-that-speech-and-language-therapy-managers-in-england-consider-to-be-under-served
#13
Julie Marshall, Sam Harding, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice includes research evidence, clinical expertise and stakeholder perspectives. Stakeholder perspectives are important and include parental ethno-theories, which embrace views about many aspects of speech, language and communication, language development, and interventions. The Developmental Niche Framework provides a useful theory to understand parental beliefs. Ethnotheories, including those about language development, delay and interventions, may vary cross culturally and are less well understood in relation to families who may be considered 'under-served' or 'hard-to-reach' by speech and language therapy services...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982249/factors-associated-with-speech-language-disorders-in-motorcycle-accident-victims
#14
Maria Gabriella Pacheco da Silva, Vanessa de Lima Silva, Mirella Rodrigues Bezerra Vilela, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Ilka Veras Falcão, Ana Karina Pessoa da Silva Cabral, Maria Luiza Lopes Timóteo de Lima
Purpose: To investigate factors associated with speech-language disorders in victims of motorcycle accidents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Victims of motorcycle accidents studied were treated at Hospital da Restauração between June and July 2014. The data were collected by consulting the records and direct interviews with these, at admission and after discharge. For analysis were raised single frequencies, average and chi-square test or Fisher's exact test...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967287/early-therapy-services-following-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-discharge
#15
Odochi Nwabara, Cynthia Rogers, Terrie Inder, Roberta Pineda
AIMS: To (1) characterize early therapy services for preterm infants in the first two years of life, and (2) define factors related to accessing early therapy services. METHODS: Therapy utilization after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was tracked in 57 infants born ≤30 weeks gestation from 2007 to 2010. Participants returned for developmental testing at two years. Factors related to early therapy utilization were explored. RESULTS: Fifty-two (91%) infants received a referral for therapy at NICU discharge but only 44 (77%) received at least one type of therapy during the first two years of life...
December 14, 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943521/parent-implemented-home-therapy-programmes-for-speech-and-language-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Rachel Tosh, Wendy Arnott, Nerina Scarinci
BACKGROUND: Parent-delivered home programmes are frequently used to remediate speech and language difficulties in young children. However, the evidence base for this service delivery model is limited. AIMS: The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effectiveness of parent-implemented home programmes in facilitating the development of children's speech and language skills, and to evaluate the cost-effectiveness and feasibility of this service delivery method...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942479/posterior-fossa-syndrome-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Salima S Wahab, Samantha Hettige, Kshtij Mankad, Kristian Aquilina
Posterior fossa syndrome (PFS), or cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS), is a collection of neurological symptoms that occur following surgical resection of a posterior fossa tumour, and is characterised by either a reduction or an absence of speech. Some authors suggest that CM is only one symptom of the CMS complex that also includes ataxia, hypotonia and irritability as well as cranial nerve deficits, neurobehavioral changes and urinary retention or incontinence. It is seen almost exclusively in children. In 1985 Rekate et al...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941204/-lublin-the-capital-of-polish-speech-and-language-therapy-half-a-century-of-slt-education-in-umcs
#18
Tomasz Woźniak
Lublin is the capital of Polish speech and language therapy (SLT) and this fact is justified by both historical as well as support in evaluating the potential of science - research and teaching, particularly in connection with the activities of the Department of Logopedics/SLT and Applied Linguistics of University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska and Polish Logopedic Society. The article discusses the history of the formation of SLT in Poland, strongly associated with Lublin, and also presents Lublin SLT educational traditions and the current teaching and research activities of the Department of Logopedics/SLT and Applied Linguistics of UMCS...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937095/group-wide-prospective-study-of-ototoxicity-assessment-in-children-receiving-cisplatin-chemotherapy-accl05c1-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#19
Kristin R Knight, Lu Chen, David Freyer, Richard Aplenc, Mary Bancroft, Bonnie Bliss, Ha Dang, Biljana Gillmeister, Eleanor Hendershot, Dale F Kraemer, Lanie Lindenfeld, Jane Meza, Edward A Neuwelt, Brad H Pollock, Lillian Sung
Purpose Optimal assessment methods and criteria for reporting hearing outcomes in children who receive treatment with cisplatin are uncertain. The objectives of our study were to compare different ototoxicity classification systems, to evaluate the feasibility of including otoacoustic emissions and extended high frequency audiometry, and to evaluate a central review mechanism for audiologic results for cisplatin-treated children in the cooperative group setting. Patients and Methods Eligible participants were 1 to 30 years, with planned cisplatin-containing treatment...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#20
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
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