keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

speech and language therapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632508/combined-dextroamphetamine-and-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-poststroke-aphasia
#1
Zafer Keser, Michelle Weber Dehgan, Shaparak Shadravan, Nuray Yozbatiran, Lynn M Maher, Gerard E Francisco
There is a growing need for various effective adjunctive treatment options for speech recovery after stroke. A pharmacological agent combined with noninvasive brain stimulation has not been previously reported for poststroke aphasia recovery. In this "proof of concept" study, we aimed to test the safety of a combined intervention consisting of dextroamphetamine, transcranial direct current stimulation, and speech and language therapy in subjects with nonfluent aphasia. Ten subjects with chronic nonfluent aphasia underwent two experiments where they received dextroamphetamine or placebo along with transcranial direct current stimulation and speech and language therapy on two separate days...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632018/exploring-the-learnability-and-usability-of-a-near-field-communication-based-application-for-semantic-enrichment-in-children-with-language-disorders
#2
Maria Luisa Lorusso, Emilia Biffi, Massimo Molteni, Gianluigi Reni
Recently, a few software applications (apps) have been developed to enhance vocabulary and conceptual networks to address the needs of children with language impairments (LI), but there is no evidence about their impact and their usability in therapy contexts. Here, we try to fill this gap presenting a system aimed at improving the semantic competence and the structural knowledge of children with LI. The goal of the study is to evaluate learnability, usability, user satisfaction and quality of the interaction between the system and the children...
February 13, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628946/structural-plasticity-of-the-ventral-stream-and-aphasia-recovery
#3
Emilie T McKinnon, Julius Fridriksson, G Russell Glenn, Jens H Jensen, Joseph A Helpern, Alexandra Basilakos, Christopher Rorden, Andy Y Shih, M Vittoria Spampinato, Leonardo Bonilha
Re-strengthening of the residual language network is likely crucial for speech recovery in post-stroke aphasia. Eight participants with chronic aphasia received intensive speech therapy for three weeks, with standardized naming tests and brain MRIs before and after therapy. Kurtosis-based diffusion tensor tractography was used to measure mean kurtosis (MK) along a segment of the inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF). Therapy related reduction in the number of semantic but not phonemic errors was associated with strengthening (renormalization) of ILF MK (r=-0...
June 19, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628732/understanding-neurophobia-reasons-behind-impaired-understanding-and-learning-of-neuroanatomy-in-cross-disciplinary-healthcare-students
#4
Muhammad Asim Javaid, Shelly Chakraborty, John F Cryan, Harriët Schellekens, André Toulouse
Recent studies have highlighted a fear or difficulty with the study and understanding of neuroanatomy among medical and healthcare students. This has been linked with a diminished confidence of clinical practitioners and students to manage patients with neurological conditions. The underlying reasons for this difficulty have been queried among a broad cohort of medical, dental, occupational therapy, and speech and language sciences students. Direct evidence of the students' perception regarding specific difficulties associated with learning neuroanatomy has been provided and some of the measures required to address these issues have been identified...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627039/consensus-building-on-developing-dysphagia-competence-a-north-west-of-england-perspective
#5
Susan Guthrie, John Lancaster, Jois Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia has been an increasing area of practice for speech and language therapists (SLTs) for over 20 years, and throughout that period there has been debate about how practical skills in dysphagia can best be developed. The implementation of the new Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists (RCSLT) framework was considered from a regional perspective seeking to establish consensus across different speech and language therapy settings. AIM: To explore practical solutions to the development of dysphagia competency in new graduates whilst acknowledging the wide variation in staffing and clinical dysphagia experience across the geographical and clinical landscape in the North West of England...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626411/dissociated-crossed-speech-areas-in-a-tumour-patient
#6
Jörg Mauler, Irene Neuner, Georg Neuloh, Bruno Fimm, Frank Boers, Martin Wiesmann, Hans Clusmann, Karl-Josef Langen, N Jon Shah
In the past, the eloquent areas could be deliberately localised by the invasive Wada test. The very rare cases of dissociated crossed speech areas were accidentally found based on the clinical symptomatology. Today functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)-based imaging can be employed to non-invasively localise the eloquent areas in brain tumour patients for therapy planning. A 41-year-old, left-handed man with a low-grade glioma in the left frontal operculum extending to the insular cortex, tension headaches, and anomic aphasia over 5 months underwent a pre-operative speech area localisation fMRI measurement, which revealed the evidence of the transhemispheric disposition, where the dominant Wernicke speech area is located on the left and the Broca's area is strongly lateralised to the right hemisphere...
May 2017: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624817/exploring-the-clinical-practice-of-speech-and-language-therapists-with-adults-with-dementia-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-portugal
#7
Jossie Nóbrega, Marisa Lousada, Daniela Figueiredo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adults with acquired communication and swallowing disorders secondary to dementia can benefit from speech and language therapy services. However, there is limited information on the role of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the treatment of individuals with dementia. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical practice of SLTs with adults with dementia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of SLTs was conducted in Portugal using a web-based questionnaire designed specifically for the purpose of this study...
June 17, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621083/metacognition-in-speech-and-language-therapy-for-children-with-social-pragmatic-communication-disorders-implications-for-a-theory-of-therapy
#8
Jacqueline Gaile, Catherine Adams
BACKGROUND: Metacognition is a significant component of complex interventions for children who have developmental language disorders. Research into how metacognition operates in the content or process of developmental language therapy delivery is limited. Identification and description of proposed active therapy components, such as metacognition, may contribute to our understanding of how to deliver complex communication interventions in an optimal manner. AIMS: To analyse aspects of metacognition during therapy derived from a manualized speech and language intervention (the Social Communication Intervention Programme-SCIP) as delivered to children who have social (pragmatic) communication disorder (SPCD) and to examine the dynamic process of delivering therapy...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620998/a-survey-of-speech-language-therapy-provision-for-people-with-post-stroke-dysarthria-in-the-uk
#9
Nick Miller, Steven Bloch
BACKGROUND: A large number of people who experience a stroke are affected by dysarthria. This may be in isolation or in association with aphasia and/or dysphagia. Despite evidence highlighting the psychological and social impact of having post-stroke dysarthria and a number of clinical guidelines that make recommendations for appropriate management, little is known currently about UK service delivery issues relating to speech and language therapy (SLT) assessment and treatment for this group...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#10
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597028/-aphasia-a%C3%A2-neuronal-network-disorder
#11
REVIEW
A Stockert, D Saur
Language processing requires the coordinated interaction of local and distant neural populations within distributed networks of the temporal, frontal and parietal brain regions. Poststroke aphasia is the consequence of both local as well as remote dysfunction within language-specific and domain-general networks. Language recovery, in turn, rests on reorganization processes within these networks. These comprise the resolution of an acute network failure (i. e. diaschisis), the subacute activation of right hemisphere homologous regions and the gradual reintegration of left hemisphere remote and perilesional areas...
June 8, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579951/communicative-pragmatic-assessment-is-sensitive-and-time-effective-in-measuring-the-outcome-of-aphasia-therapy
#12
Benjamin Stahl, Bettina Mohr, Felix R Dreyer, Guglielmo Lucchese, Friedemann Pulvermüller
A range of methods in clinical research aim to assess treatment-induced progress in aphasia therapy. Here, we used a crossover randomized controlled design to compare the suitability of utterance-centered and dialogue-sensitive outcome measures in speech-language testing. Fourteen individuals with post-stroke chronic non-fluent aphasia each received two types of intensive training in counterbalanced order: conventional confrontation naming, and communicative-pragmatic speech-language therapy (Intensive Language-Action Therapy, an expanded version of Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577204/the-treatment-of-juvenile-adult-gm1-gangliosidosis-with-miglustat-may-reverse-disease-progression
#13
Federica Deodato, Elena Procopio, Angelica Rampazzo, Roberta Taurisano, Maria Alice Donati, Carlo Dionisi-Vici, Anna Caciotti, Amelia Morrone, Maurizio Scarpa
Juvenile and adult GM1-gangliosidosis are invariably characterized by progressive neurological deterioration. To date only symptomatic therapies are available. We report for the first time the positive results of Miglustat (OGT 918, N-butyl-deoxynojirimycin) treatment on three Italian GM1-gangliosidosis patients. The first two patients had a juvenile form (enzyme activity ≤5%, GLB1 genotype p.R201H/c.1068 + 1G > T; p.R201H/p.I51N), while the third patient had an adult form (enzyme activity about 7%, p...
June 3, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576289/psychological-counseling-as-an-adjunct-to-stuttering-treatment-clients-experiences-and-perceptions
#14
Alanna Lindsay, Marilyn Langevin
PURPOSE: Stuttering can trigger anxiety and other psychological and emotional reactions, and limit participation in society. It is possible that psychological counseling could enhance stuttering treatment outcomes; however, little is known about how clients view such counseling. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of clients' experiences with, and perceptions of, a psychological counseling service that was offered as an optional adjunct to speech therapy for stuttering...
June 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559856/a-nap-but-not-rest-or-activity-consolidates-language-learning
#15
Stefan Heim, Juliane Klann, Kerstin I Schattka, Sonja Bauhoff, Gesa Borcherding, Nicole Nosbüsch, Linda Struth, Ferdinand C Binkofski, Cornelius J Werner
Recent evidence suggests that a period of sleep after a motor learning task is a relevant factor for memory consolidation. However, it is yet open whether this also holds true for language-related learning. Therefore, the present study compared the short- and long-term effects of a daytime nap, rest, or an activity task after vocabulary learning on learning outcome. Thirty healthy subjects were divided into three treatment groups. Each group received a pseudo-word learning task in which pictures of monsters were associated with unique pseudo-word names...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554918/speech-and-communication-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-exploratory-study-in-the-uk
#16
Maxwell S Barnish, Simon M C Horton, Zoe R Butterfint, Allan B Clark, Rachel A Atkinson, Katherine H O Deane
OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between cognitive status, intelligibility, acoustics and functional communication in PD. DESIGN: Cross-sectional exploratory study of functional communication, including a within-participants experimental design for listener assessment. SETTING: A major academic medical centre in the East of England, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Questionnaire data were assessed for 45 people with Parkinson's disease (PD), who had self-reported speech or communication difficulties and did not have clinical dementia...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549355/predictors-of-language-gains-among-school-age-children-with-language-impairment-in-the-public-schools
#17
Laura M Justice, Hui Jiang, Jessica A Logan, Mary Beth Schmitt
Purpose: This study aimed to identify child-level characteristics that predict gains in language skills for children with language impairment who were receiving therapy within the public schools. The therapy provided represented business-as-usual speech/language treatment provided by speech-language pathologists in the public schools. Method: The sample included 272 kindergartners and first-graders with language impairment who participated in a larger study titled "Speech-Therapy Experiences in the Public Schools...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538828/families-perception-of-children-adolescents-with-language-impairment-through-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf-cy
#18
Daniele Theodoro Ostroschi, Maria de Lurdes Zanolli, Regina Yu Shon Chun
Purpose: To investigate the perception of family members regarding linguistic conditions and social participation of children and adolescents with speech and language impairments using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY). Methods: Quali-quantitative approach research, in which a survey of medical records of 24 children/adolescents undergoing speech-language therapy and interviews with their family members was conducted...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534689/parent-experiences-of-variations-in-service-delivery-of-rapid-syllable-transition-rest-treatment-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#19
Donna C Thomas, Patricia McCabe, Kirrie J Ballard, Geraldine Bricker-Katz
PURPOSE: To understand parents' perceptions of Rapid Syllable Transition (ReST) treatment and their experience of either telehealth or combined parent-clinician delivery of speech-language pathology. METHOD: Thematic analyses of semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 parents (5 telehealth, 5 parent-clinician) after their child completed 12 sessions of ReST treatment. RESULTS: Three themes were unique to telehealth: "telehealth was a million times easier," "technical problems weren't deal breakers," and "telehealth therapy has different boundaries...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514476/mary-s-case-an-illustration-of-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-for-a-child-with-severe-disabilities
#20
Billy T Ogletree, Nancy Brady, Susan Bruce, Evan Dean, MaryAnn Romski, Lorraine Sylvester, David Westling
Purpose: The principles of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) are illustrated through the case of Mary, a child with severe disabilities. Method: Mary's experiences from early childhood to young adulthood are highlighted by both optimal and less-than-ideal examples of clinical services and collaborative practice. The range of collaboration illustrates potential variations in service delivery. Thematic comments and resources are provided by professionals experienced with and committed to IPCP who represent the following four disciplines: occupational therapy, physical therapy, special education, and speech-language pathology...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
keyword
keyword
70852
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"