Read by QxMD icon Read

speech and language therapy

Laura Chahda, Bernice A Mathisen, Lindsay B Carey
PURPOSE: Given minimal studies describing the role and practice of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in adult palliative care, the aim of this review was to compile a database of research literature, examine the potential research gaps and to consider material that specifically discussed the need for and/or use of procedures and protocols for SLPs working in palliative care that would support the development of SLP palliative care guidelines. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted utilising Arksey and O'Malley's framework with the goal of exploring any key concepts and approaches utilised by SLPs in adult palliative care, plus any literature and/or recommendations regarding SLP practice in adult palliative care settings...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Debra W Yen, Dennis C Nguyen, Gary B Skolnick, Sybill D Naidoo, Kamlesh B Patel, Lynn Marty Grames, Albert S Woo
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the levator musculature during cleft palate repair has been suggested to be important in long-term speech outcomes. In this study, we compare the need for postoperative speech therapy between 2 intravelar veloplasty techniques. METHODS: Chart review was performed for patients with nonsyndromic cleft palate who underwent either primary Kriens or overlapping intravelar veloplasty before 18 months of age. All subjects completed a follow-up visit at approximately 3 years of age...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Christos Panayi, Nagui Antoun, Richard Sandford
A 44-year-old woman with a history of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease, a rare inherited neoplasia syndrome, presented acutely to hospital with a productive cough, symptoms of respiratory tract infection and odynophagia (painful swallowing). A chest X-ray confirmed right-sided pneumonia. Investigation of the persistent odynophagia using barium swallow revealed aspiration of the contrast into the lungs and suggested a neurological cause for her chest infection. Clinical assessment and speech and language therapy confirmed a pseudobulbar palsy...
October 13, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
J Baker
In this chapter, an overview of the heterogeneous group of functional voice disorders is given, including the psychogenic voice disorder (PVD) and hyperfunctional or muscle tension voice disorder (MTVD) subgroups. Reference is made to prevalence and demographic data, with empiric evidence for psychosocial factors commonly associated with the onset and maintenance of these disorders. Clinical features that distinguish between the different presentations of PVD and MTVD are described. While there are some shared characteristics, key differences between these two subgroups indicate that PVD more closely resembles the psychogenic movement disorders and a range of other functional neurologic disorders...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Joan C Arvedson
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have played primary roles in the evaluation and management of children with feeding/swallowing disorders for more than five decades. Medical, surgical, and technological advances have improved the survival of young fragile infants and children, many of whom will present with feeding/swallowing problems. Regardless of their underlying etiologies, many of these children are at risk for aspiration-induced lung disease, undernutrition or malnutrition, developmental deficits, and stressful interactions with their caregivers...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
Jena McDaniel, Paul J Yoder
The behavioral phenotype of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) offers one avenue for developing speech-language therapy services that are tailored to the individual's characteristics that affect treatment response. Behavioral phenotypes are patterns of behavioral strengths and weaknesses for specific genetic disorders that can help guide the development and implementation of effective interventions. Nonetheless, individual differences within children with DS must be acknowledged and addressed because behavioral phenotypes are probabilistic, not deterministic...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
Ken-Ichi Tabei, Masayuki Satoh, Chizuru Nakano, Ai Ito, Yasuo Shimoji, Hirotaka Kida, Hajime Sakuma, Hidekazu Tomimoto
Melodic intonation therapy (MIT) is a treatment program for the rehabilitation of aphasic patients with speech production disorders. We report a case of severe chronic non-fluent aphasia unresponsive to several years of conventional therapy that showed a marked improvement following intensive 9-day training on the Japanese version of MIT (MIT-J). The purpose of this study was to verify the efficacy of MIT-J by functional assessment and examine associated changes in neural processing by functional magnetic resonance imaging...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
Noa Raz, Netta Levin
Despite the fact that almost one-third of patients suffer from visual deficits following brain damage; neuro-visual rehabilitation to compensate for visual field deficits is relatively neglected in the clinical setting. This is in contrast to physio and speech therapies, which are the bread and butter of rehabilitative programs. Likewise, programs that address coping with dementia usually concentrate on language, memory and cognitive skills, but often fail to address the deficits experienced by the subset of patients suffering from progressive cortico-visual dysfunction...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Neurology
(no author information available yet)
Designed by scientists at Boston University, this speech therapy app aims to improve everyday skills, such as speech, memory and focus, for patients recovering from a traumatic brain injury or who have aphasia, dementia or a speech-language disorder.
September 28, 2016: Nursing Standard
Sarah A F Chamberlain Mitchell, Rachel Garrod, Lynne Clark, Abdel Douiri, Sean M Parker, Jenny Ellis, Stephen J Fowler, Siobhan Ludlow, James H Hull, Kian Fan Chung, Kai K Lee, H Bellas, Anand Pandyan, Surinder S Birring
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapy, and speech and language therapy are emerging non-pharmacological treatments for refractory chronic cough. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of a physiotherapy, and speech and language therapy intervention (PSALTI) to improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and to reduce cough frequency in patients with refractory chronic cough. METHODS: In this multicentre randomised controlled trial, patients with refractory chronic cough were randomised to four weekly 1:1 sessions of either PSALTI consisting of education, laryngeal hygiene and hydration, cough suppression techniques, breathing exercises and psychoeducational counselling or control intervention consisting of healthy lifestyle advice...
September 28, 2016: Thorax
Jared A Shenson, Jennifer N Craig, Sarah L Rohde
OBJECTIVE: Total laryngectomy (TL) is a high-cost procedure with patients at risk for significant postoperative health care use. Face-to-face preoperative counseling provided by speech-language pathologists is a relatively inexpensive intervention that may improve care quality and decrease costs. We evaluated if preoperative counseling for patients undergoing TL was associated with differences in length of stay (LOS), use of the emergency department (ED), or unplanned readmissions within 30 days of discharge...
September 27, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Monica Baciu, Audrey Acher, Louise Kauffmann, Emilie Cousin, Claire Boilley, Thomas Hueber, Pierre Badin, Pascal Perrier, Diandra Fabre, Assia Jaillard, Olivier Detante, Dominique Perennou
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency of Visual Feedback (VF) on language recovery and plasticity in three chronic non-fluent aphasic patients. VF is based on language-action interaction, thus, language skills are improved by rehabilitation strategies based on execution and observation of motor actions. VF is an ultrasound system coupled with video images, allowing patients to 'see their own lips and tongue at work' during speech and improve their awareness of their lingual and labial movements and their ability to coordinate and combine phonemes and syllables...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Mathilde Chevignard, Leila Francillette, Hanna Toure, Dominique Brugel, Philippe Meyer, Anne Laurent Vannier, Marion Opatowski, Laurence Watier
OBJECTIVE: Childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the first cause of death and acquired disability and it represents a major public health issue. Childhood severe TBI can lead to motor, cognitive, behavioural and social cognition deficits, which have consequences on academic achievement, social integration, participation and quality of life. Consequences may only appear after a delay, when the skills are supposed to be fully developed. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess academic outcome, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), amount of ongoing care and participation, following childhood severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) over 7-8years post-injury, in comparison with a matched uninjured control group...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Marion Castera, Véronique Kuhn, Franck Medina
OBJECTIVE: Anomia is the second most common disorder after episodic memory loss in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Our objective was to develop a speech therapy protocol for patients with Alzheimer's disease (Mini-Mental State Examination or MMSE≥15) and suffering from a lack of words, in order to improve access to words. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We stimulated the three stages in the men: - stimulation of lexical selection involved working on the multiple meanings of a word, searching for the relevant and specific features of a word in order to make a guess, and bringing to mind a target word from specific features; - stimulation of morphological encoding involved extracting the meaning of a morpheme by comparing two words, one of which is derived from the other, and then identifying the meaning of an affix by slipping it into a sentence; - phonological encoding was stimulated by the isolation of the initial two-syllable words and merging them to form a third word...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Gerasimos Kolaitis, Christian G Bouwkamp, Alexia Papakonstantinou, Ioanna Otheiti, Maria Belivanaki, Styliani Haritaki, Terpsihori Korpa, Zinovia Albani, Elena Terzioglou, Polyxeni Apostola, Aggeliki Skamnaki, Athena Xaidara, Konstantina Kosma, Sophia Kitsiou-Tzeli, Maria Tzetis
BACKGROUND: This is a case with multiple chromosomal aberrations which are likely etiological for the observed psychiatric phenotype consisting of attention deficit hyperactivity and conduct disorders. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on an 11 year-old boy, admitted to the pediatric hospital for behavioral difficulties and a delayed neurodevelopmental trajectory. A cytogenetic analysis and high-resolution microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis was performed...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
R Darkow, A Flöel
Speech and language therapy is essential in the rehabilitation of aphasic disorders following a stroke. Due to the predicted increase of aphasia and limited resources within the healthcare system, the development of efficient and sustainable treatment methods is of exceptional importance. The effectiveness of both traditional and innovative approaches needs to be evaluated against the standards of evidence-based medicine. Class I evidence has been established for high-intensity speech and language therapy in subacute and chronic stages of aphasia...
October 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Jessica M Pisegna, Sky Yang, Audrey Purcell, Alix Rubio
OBJECTIVES: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic disorder often accompanied by laryngopharyngeal reflux. Speech-language pathologists are tasked with treating these patients with voice, dysphagia, and/or reflux therapy. This study investigated patient-reported reasons for reduced compliance with recommended reflux treatment and the top symptoms in patients with reflux, dysphagia, and voice symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative mixed-methods design to identify and describe patients' reflux symptoms and reflux medication routines...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Robert Reed, Matthew Hubbard, Bradley W Kesser
OBJECTIVES: To compare speech/language development and academic progress between children with right versus left congenital aural atresia (CAA). STUDY DESIGN: Case control survey and review of audiometric data. SETTING: Tertiary care academic practice. PATIENTS: Children with unilateral CAA. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic and audiometric data; rates of grade retention, use of any hearing or learning resource, and behavioral problems...
September 14, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Laura Spurgeon, Carl E Clarke, Cath Sackley
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/839895.].
2016: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Anna Miles
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal abnormalities are common findings in a speech-language therapy videofluoroscopy clinic. Fluoroscopic screening involving oropharynx alone fails to identify these patients. Oesophageal screening as an adjunct to videofluoroscopy is gaining popularity. Yet currently, little is known about the reliability of speech and language therapists' judgement of the oesophageal phase. AIM: To measure the inter-rater reliability of oesophageal abnormality judgement in speech and language therapists during upright videofluoroscopy...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"