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speech and language therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813817/the-effects-of-silent-visuomotor-cueing-on-word-retrieval-in-broca-s-aphasies-a-pilot-study
#1
Klaudia Grechuta, Belen Rubio Bellaster, Rosa Espin Munne, Teresa Usabiaga Bernal, Begona Molina Hervas, Rosa San Segundo, Paul F M J Verschure
About a quarter of stroke patients worldwide suffer serious language disorders such as aphasias. Most common symptoms of Broca's aphasia are word naming disorders which highly impact verbal communication and the quality of life of aphasic patients. In order to recover disturbances in word retrieval, several cueing methods (i.e. phonemic and semantic) have been established to improve lexical access establishing effective language rehabilitation techniques. Based on recent evidence from action-perception theories, which postulate that neural circuits for speech perception and articulation are tightly coupled, in the present work, we propose and investigate an alternative type of cueing using silent articulation-related visual stimuli...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810906/atypical-presentation-of-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-two-case-reports
#2
Maria Cristina Maggio, Greta Mastrangelo, Aldo Skabar, Alessandro Ventura, Marco Carrozzi, Giuseppe Santangelo, Francesca Vanadia, Giovanni Corsello, Rolando Cimaz
BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by severe neurological and psychiatric symptoms and a difficult diagnosis. The disease is often secondary to a neoplastic lesion, seldom diagnosed years later. Psychiatric symptoms are prevalent in adults; neurologic symptoms are more evident in children, who typically present primarily with neurological symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, the association with juvenile idiopathic arthritis has not been described...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805159/factors-associated-with-vocal-fry-among-college-students
#3
Lady Catherine Cantor-Cutiva, Pasquale Bottalico, Eric Hunter
PURPOSE: Vocal fry is increasingly used in everyday speech. The purpose of this study was to identify associated factors of vocal fry among young US college-age students. METHODS: Forty college students participated in a cross-sectional study. Participants produced speech under nine different room acoustic conditions (simulated). The recorded speech was perceptually evaluated by three speech-language pathologists. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify variables (individual, environmental) associated with the perceptual assessment of vocal fry...
August 14, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797529/voice-specialized-speech-language-pathologist-s-criteria-for-discharge-from-voice-therapy
#4
Amanda I Gillespie, Jackie Gartner-Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: No standard protocol exists to determine when a patient is ready and able to be discharged from voice therapy. The aim of the present study was to determine what factors speech-language pathologists (SLPs) deem most important when discharging a patient from voice therapy. A second aim was to determine if responses differed based on years of voice experience. METHODS: Step 1: Seven voice-specialized SLPs generated a list of items thought to be relevant to voice therapy discharge...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753083/examining-the-perceived-impact-of-an-ethics-workshop-on-interprofessional-values-and-teamwork
#5
Sarah A Manspeaker, Elena V Donoso Brown, Sarah E Wallace, Leesa DiBartola, Allison Morgan
Interprofessional education (IPE) is a vital component of healthcare education yet challenges to implementation persist. This study aimed to evaluate the perceived impact of an ethics-based IPE workshop designed for professional phase healthcare students enrolled in athletic training, health management systems, occupational therapy, physical therapy, physician assistant studies, and speech-language pathology programmes at one university. A pre/post-test cohort study was conducted to evaluate the impact of the workshop on interprofessional values and teamwork...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748108/readyspeech-for-people-with-dysarthria-after-stroke-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Claire Mitchell, Audrey Bowen, Sarah Tyson, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria, a disordered speech production resulting from neuro-muscular impairment, is a common symptom after stroke. It causes significant problems for patients' speech intelligibility, communication, psychological well-being, social engagement and stroke recovery. Rehabilitation for dysarthria is variable in quality, intensity and duration, which may be, in part, due to the lack of good quality evidence. An online therapy programme, ReaDySpeech, has the potential to improve quality, intensity and duration of speech rehabilitation and was considered in a proof-of-concept study to be acceptable to speech and language therapists and patients which warranted further evaluation...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732752/effects-of-voice-therapy-a-comparison-between-individual-and-group-therapy
#7
Malin Abrahamsson, Moa Millgård, Christina Havstam, Lisa Tuomi
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this clinical evaluation project is to study the effect of voice therapy given in the speech-language pathology clinic, as individual and group therapy, as well as finding out some of the reasons for not attending the recommended therapy. METHOD: All patients visiting the speech-language department during the study period were asked to participate in a clinical evaluation project. The project included filling out the questionnaire Swedish Voice Handicap Index (VHI-11) twice: at their first visit at the clinic, and approximately 1 year later...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732751/voice-improvement-in-patients-with-functional-dysphonia-treated-with-the-proprioceptive-elastic-proel-method
#8
E Lucchini, A Ricci Maccarini, E Bissoni, M Borragan, M Agudo, M J González, V Romizi, A Schindler, M Behlau, T Murry, A Borragan
The objective of the study was to analyze the outcome of the proprioceptive-elastic (PROEL) voice therapy method in patients with functional dysphonia (FD). Fifty-two patients with FD were involved in the study; they were composed of three subgroups of patients with (1) FD without glottal insufficiency (n = 28), (2) FD and glottal insufficiency (n = 9), and (3) FD, glottal insufficiency, and vocal nodules (n = 15). A multidimensional assessment protocol including videolaryngostroboscopy; maximum phonation time; perceptual evaluation of dysphonia with the Grade, Instability, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, and Strain (GIRBAS) scale; and 10-item version of the Voice Handicap Index was conducted before and after 15 sessions of voice therapy...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727493/sibilant-production-in-hebrew-speaking-adults-apical-versus-laminal
#9
Michal Icht, Boaz M Ben-David
The Hebrew IPA charts describe the sibilants /s, z/ as 'alveolar fricatives', where the place of articulation on the palate is the alveolar ridge. The point of constriction on the tongue is not defined - apical (tip) or laminal (blade). Usually, speech and language pathologists (SLPs) use the apical placement in Hebrew articulation therapy. Some researchers and SLPs suggested that acceptable /s, z/ could be also produced with the laminal placement (i.e. the tip of the tongue approximating the lower incisors)...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726532/local-to-global-working-together-to-meet-the-needs-of-vulnerable-communities
#10
Anne Dressel, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Ann Dietrich, Ellen Chirwa, Florence Mgawadere, Sylvia Kambalametore, Peninnah Kako
Since 2012, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) faculty from nursing and physical therapy (PT) have been working together towards a common goal: to meet the healthcare needs of vulnerable populations in Malawi and Milwaukee. Sharing valuable knowledge and understanding one another's professions have allowed us to develop interprofessional education (IPE) learning experiences for students to help identify how quality of life could be improved or enhanced for children and their families across two different geographic spaces, one in rural Malawi and the other in urban Milwaukee...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714631/-velopharyngeal-insufficiency-in-children
#11
Anthony De Buys Roessingh, Oumama El Ezzi, Céline Richard, Céline Béguin, Chantal Zbinden-Trichet, Giorgio La Scala, Igor Leuchter
Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) represents an incomplete closure between the soft palate and the posterior pharyngeal wall. Its etiology can be anatomical (cleft palate), neurologic, or iatrogenic (after adenoidectomy). The evaluation of a VPI begins with a through speech and language assessment and can be complemented by instrumental investigations. VPI treatment relies on its early identification, followed by a specific speech therapy management. Surgery is performed in case of no improvement with speech therapy or in case of an anatomical defect not allowing the child to improve...
February 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714100/why-is-it-so-hard-to-reach-agreement-on-terminology-the-case-of-developmental-language-disorder-dld
#12
Dorothy V M Bishop
A recent project entitled CATALISE used the Delphi method to reach a consensus on terminology for unexplained language problems in children. 'Developmental language disorder' (DLD) was the term agreed by a panel of 57 experts. Here I reflect on points of difficulty that arose when attempting to reach a consensus, using qualitative information from comments made by panel members to illustrate the kinds of argument used. One issue of debate was the use of labels, in particular the term 'disorder', which was seen as having both pros and cons...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713256/baseline-performance-predicts-tdcs-mediated-improvements-in-language-symptoms-in-primary-progressive-aphasia
#13
Eric M McConathey, Nicole C White, Felix Gervits, Sherry Ash, H Branch Coslett, Murray Grossman, Roy H Hamilton
Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by insidious irreversible loss of language abilities. Prior studies suggest that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) directed toward language areas of the brain may help to ameliorate symptoms of PPA. In the present sham-controlled study, we examined whether tDCS could be used to enhance language abilities (e.g., picture naming) in individuals with PPA variants primarily characterized by difficulties with speech production (non-fluent and logopenic)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713191/long-term-recovery-in-stroke-accompanied-by-aphasia-a-reconsideration
#14
Audrey Holland, Davida Fromm, Margaret Forbes, Brian MacWhinney
BACKGROUND: This work focuses on the twenty-six individuals who provided data to AphasiaBank on at least two occasions, with initial testing between 6 months and 5.8 years post-onset of aphasia. The data are archival in nature and were collected from the extensive database of aphasic discourse in AphasiaBank. AIMS: The aim is to furnish data on the nature of long-term changes in both the impairment of aphasia as measured by the Western Aphasia Battery-Revised (WAB-R) and its expression in spoken discourse...
2017: Aphasiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711721/-supporting-nursing-midwifery-and-allied-health-professional-students-to-raise-concerns-with-the-quality-of-care-a-review-of-the-research-literature
#15
REVIEW
Frank Milligan, Mark Wareing, Michael Preston-Shoot, Yannis Pappas, Gurch Randhawa, Janine Bhandol
BACKGROUND: This article reports aspects of a systematic literature review commissioned by the UK Council of Deans of Health. The review collated and analysed UK and international literature on pre-registration healthcare students raising concerns with poor quality care. The research found in that review is summarised here. OBJECTIVE: To review research on healthcare students raising concerns with regard to the quality of practice published from 2009 to the present...
June 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710926/speech-and-language-therapy-service-delivery-overcoming-limited-provision-for-children
#16
L M T Jesus, J Martinez, A R Valente, M C Costa
OBJECTIVES: To test an alternative Speech and Language Therapy (SLT) service delivery model based on partnerships between a University and local schools and charities, and to report on the impact and feasibility of intervention based on long-term outcome measures and three case studies with individual analysis of Reliable Change. STUDY DESIGN: The following six-step model was tested: 1-establishing partnerships; 2-flagging children; 3-pre-treatment SLT assessment; 4-reporting and discussion with parents and teachers; 5-treatment; 6-post-treatment assessment...
July 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704266/electrical-stimulation-therapy-for-dysphagia-a-follow-up-survey-of-usa-dysphagia-practitioners
#17
Ali Barikroo, Giselle Carnaby, Michael Crary
The aim of this study was to compare current application, practice patterns, clinical outcomes, and professional attitudes of dysphagia practitioners regarding electrical stimulation (e-stim) therapy with similar data obtained in 2005. A web-based survey was posted on the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Special Interest Group 13 webpage for 1 month. A total of 271 survey responses were analyzed and descriptively compared with the archived responses from the 2005 survey. Results suggested that e-stim application increased by 47% among dysphagia practitioners over the last 10 years...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697652/ask-the-experts-how-to-treat-individuals-with-spatial-neglect-a-survey-study
#18
Peii Chen, Marco Pitteri, Glen Gillen, Harsha Ayyala
PURPOSE: Spatial neglect (SN) impedes rehabilitation success and leaves long-term consequences. We asked experts to provide their opinions in addressing SN by scenario (ideal vs. reality) and by recovery phase (earliest, acute, subacute, and chronic). Experts were individuals who have assessed or treated patients with SN clinically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using an anonymous survey on the Internet with 189 responders over 3 months. Located in 23 different countries, 127 experts of seven disciplines were included (occupational therapy, physical therapy, nursing, speech and language pathology or therapy, neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and psychology or neuropsychology)...
July 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691633/childhood-stroke
#19
Erin Dean
Essential facts [Figure: see text] Around 400 children in the UK have a stroke each year, leaving many with severe physical and mental impairments. Many professionals and parents can mistakenly think that strokes only affect older people, leading to delays in diagnosis and prompt treatment. Children may need long-term support including physiotherapy, speech and language therapy and support with education.
July 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659776/cholinergic-potentiation-and-audiovisual-repetition-imitation-therapy-improve-speech-production-and-communication-deficits-in-a-person-with-crossed-aphasia-by-inducing-structural-plasticity-in-white-matter-tracts
#20
Marcelo L Berthier, Irene De-Torres, José Paredes-Pacheco, Núria Roé-Vellvé, Karl Thurnhofer-Hemsi, María J Torres-Prioris, Francisco Alfaro, Ignacio Moreno-Torres, Diana López-Barroso, Guadalupe Dávila
Donepezil (DP), a cognitive-enhancing drug targeting the cholinergic system, combined with massed sentence repetition training augmented and speeded up recovery of speech production deficits in patients with chronic conduction aphasia and extensive left hemisphere infarctions (Berthier et al., 2014). Nevertheless, a still unsettled question is whether such improvements correlate with restorative structural changes in gray matter and white matter pathways mediating speech production. In the present study, we used pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging to study treatment-induced brain changes in gray matter and white matter tracts in a right-handed male with chronic conduction aphasia and a right subcortical lesion (crossed aphasia)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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