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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929424/aphasia-as-a-predictor-of-stroke-outcome
#1
REVIEW
Ronald M Lazar, Amelia K Boehme
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Aphasia is a common feature of stroke, affecting 21-38% of acute stroke patients and an estimated 1 million stroke survivors. Although stroke, as a syndrome, is the leading cause of disability in the USA, less is known about the independent impact of aphasia on stroke outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: During the acute stroke period, aphasia has been found to increase length of stay, inpatient complications, overall neurological disability, mortality, and to alter discharge disposition...
September 19, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928645/auditory-motor-mapping-training-in-a-more-verbal-child-with-autism
#2
Karen V Chenausky, Andrea C Norton, Gottfried Schlaug
We tested the effect of Auditory-Motor Mapping Training (AMMT), a novel, intonation-based treatment for spoken language originally developed for minimally verbal (MV) children with autism, on a more-verbal child with autism. We compared this child's performance after 25 therapy sessions with that of: (1) a child matched on age, autism severity, and expressive language level who received 25 sessions of a non-intonation-based control treatment Speech Repetition Therapy (SRT); and (2) a matched pair of MV children (one of whom received AMMT; the other, SRT)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924275/relationship-among-academic-engagement-burnout-and-student-perceptions-of-curriculum-delivery-in-speech-and-language-therapy-students-from-university-of-concepcion-chile
#3
Rocio Glaria, Lorena Carmona, Cristhian Perez, Paula Parra
OBJECTIVE: To relate engagement and academic burnout with curriculum evaluation among speech therapy students. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional study was conducted at the end of the first academic semester for each level and at the end of a theoretical class in order to ensure the maximum participation rate at the University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile, and comprised students of a speech and language therapy programme.Curriculum evaluation scale, academic engagement and academic burnout questionnaires were used...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918643/speech-language-pathology-telehealth-in-rural-and-remote-schools-the-experience-of-school-executive-and-therapy-assistants
#4
Glenn C Fairweather, Michelle A Lincoln, Robyn Ramsden
INTRODUCTION: Difficulties in accessing allied health services, especially in rural and remote areas, appear to be driving the use of telehealth services to children in schools. The objectives of this study were to investigate the experiences and views of school executive staff and therapy assistants regarding the feasibility and acceptability of a speech-language pathology telehealth program for children attending schools in rural and remote New South Wales, Australia. The program, called Come N See, provided therapy interventions remotely via low-bandwidth videoconferencing, with email follow-up...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910442/unilateral-laryngoscopic-findings-associated-with-response-to-gabapentin-in-patients-with-chronic-cough
#5
John Paul Giliberto, Daniel Dibildox, Albert Merati
Importance: Chronic cough is a debilitating, often multifactorial problem. Vagal neuropathy has been proposed as a cause for a fraction of these cases. There are certain features that support the clinical diagnosis of vagal neuropathy. It is hypothesized that patients with neurogenic cough who have vocal fold motion asymmetry (VFMA) on laryngoscopy will be more likely to respond to gabapentin. Objective: To evaluate the association between the history, physical and videostroboscopic examinations, and clinical response to gabapentin...
September 14, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885640/inner-speech-s-relationship-with-overt-speech-in-poststroke-aphasia
#6
Brielle C Stark, Sharon Geva, Elizabeth A Warburton
Purpose: Relatively preserved inner speech alongside poor overt speech has been documented in some persons with aphasia (PWA), but the relationship of overt speech with inner speech is still largely unclear, as few studies have directly investigated these factors. The present study investigates the relationship of relatively preserved inner speech in aphasia with selected measures of language and cognition. Method: Thirty-eight persons with chronic aphasia (27 men, 11 women; average age 64...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875353/does-shape-affect-function-articulatory-skills-in-babbling-of-infants-with-deformational-plagiocephaly
#7
Christian Linz, Tilmann Schweitzer, Lisa C Brenner, Felix Kunz, Philipp Meyer-Marcotty, Kathleen Wermke
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantitatively analyse pre-speech/early language skills in healthy full-term infants with moderate or severe deformational plagiocephaly (DP) and in infants without any skull asymmetry. METHODS: At 6 and 12 months, 51 children with DP (41 moderate, 10 severe cases) were studied, along with 15 infants serving as control. Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) was objectively determined based on cranial vault asymmetry (CVA) using 3D stereophotogrammetry (3dMDhead System® and Analytics 4...
September 5, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870554/effectiveness-of-speech-language-therapy-either-alone-or-with-add-on-computer-based-language-therapy-software-malayalam-version-for-early-post-stroke-aphasia-a-feasibility-study
#8
Praveen Kesav, S L Vrinda, Sajith Sukumaran, P S Sarma, P N Sylaja
CONTEXT AND AIMS: This study aimed to assess the feasibility of professional based conventional speech language therapy (SLT) either alone (Group A/less intensive) or assisted by novel computer based local language software (Group B/more intensive) for rehabilitation in early post stroke aphasia. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Comprehensive Stroke Care Center of a tertiary health care institute situated in South India, with the study design being prospective open randomised controlled trial with blinded endpoint evaluation...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870110/herbal-medicine-for-xerostomia-in-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Bongki Park, Hyeonseok Noh, Dong-Jun Choi
BACKGROUND: Xerostomia (dry mouth) causes many clinical problems, including oral infections, speech difficulties, and impaired chewing and swallowing of food. Many cancer patients have complained of xerostomia induced by cancer therapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to assess the efficacy of herbal medicine for the treatment of xerostomia in cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials investigating the use of herbal medicines to treat xerostomia in cancer patients were included...
September 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868932/the-development-and-feasibility-of-an-online-aphasia-group-intervention-and-networking-program-telegain
#10
Rachelle Pitt, Deborah Theodoros, Anne J Hill, Trevor Russell
PURPOSE: Aphasia group therapy offers many benefits, however people with aphasia report difficulty accessing groups and speech-language pathologists are faced with many challenges in providing aphasia group therapy. Telerehabilitation may offer an alternative service delivery option. An online aphasia group therapy program - Telerehabilitation Group Aphasia Intervention and Networking (TeleGAIN) - has been developed according to the guidelines of the Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for complex interventions...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866829/an-investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-swallowing-difficulties-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-lung-cancer
#11
Grainne C Brady, Justin W G Roe, Mary O' Brien, Annette Boaz, Clare Shaw
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia can occur in advanced lung cancer due to direct tumour invasion or nerve compression. Anti-cancer treatments and co-morbid conditions may also cause or compound dysphagic symptoms. Speech and language therapy (SLT), medical and surgical interventions are available to address dysphagic symptoms in patients with lung cancer, however, management options are not described in national guidelines. Given the potentially short prognoses for patients with lung cancer, the aim of care should be to reduce symptom burden and maximise quality of life (QOL)...
September 2, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863583/speech-rate-rate-matching-and-intelligibility-in-early-implanted-cochlear-implant-users
#12
Valerie Freeman, David B Pisoni
An important speech-language outcome for deaf people with cochlear implants is speech intelligibility-how well their speech is understood by others, which also affects social functioning. Beyond simply uttering recognizable words, other speech-language skills may affect communicative competence, including rate-matching or converging toward interlocutors' speech rates. This initial report examines speech rate-matching and its relations to intelligibility in 91 prelingually deaf cochlear implant users and 93 typically hearing peers age 3 to 27 years...
August 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857633/practice-makes-perfect-the-pedagogic-value-of-online-independent-phonetic-transcription-practice-for-speech-and-language-therapy-students
#13
Jill Titterington, Sally Bates
Accuracy of phonetic transcription is a core skill for speech and language therapists (SLTs) worldwide (Howard & Heselwood, 2002). The current study investigates the value of weekly independent online phonetic transcription tasks to support development of this skill in year one SLT students. Using a mixed methods observational design, students enrolled in a year one phonetics module completed 10 weekly homework activities in phonetic transcription on a stand-alone tutorial site (WebFon (Bates, Matthews & Eagles, 2010)) and 5 weekly online quizzes (the 'Ulster Set' (Titterington, unpublished))...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855403/developmental-outcomes-of-cord-blood-transplantation-for-krabbe-disease-a-15-year-study
#14
Matthew D Wright, Michele D Poe, Anthony DeRenzo, Shilpa Haldal, Maria L Escolar
OBJECTIVE: To describe long-term outcomes of children with early-infantile Krabbe disease who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in the first 7 weeks of life. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, evaluations performed at baseline and follow-up included brain imaging, neurodiagnostic tests, and neurobehavioral evaluations. RESULTS: Of the 18 patients in this study (11 girls, 7 boys; mean follow-up 9.5 years, range 4-15), 5 died (3 of peritransplant complications, 1 of a surgical complication unrelated to Krabbe disease, 1 of disease progression)...
August 30, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851443/the-pd-comm-trial-a-protocol-for-the-process-evaluation-of-a-randomised-trial-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-two-types-of-slt-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Patricia Masterson-Algar, Christopher R Burton, Marian C Brady, Avril Nicoll, Carl E Clarke, Caroline Rick, Max Hughes, Pui Au, Christina H Smith, Catherine M Sackley
BACKGROUND: The PD COMM trial is a phase III multi-centre randomised controlled trial whose aim is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of two approaches to speech and language therapy (SLT) compared with no SLT intervention (control) for people with Parkinson's disease who have self-reported or carer-reported problems with their speech or voice. Our protocol describes the process evaluation embedded within the outcome evaluation whose aim is to evaluate what happened at the time of the PD COMM intervention implementation and to provide findings that will assist in the interpretation of the PD COMM trial results...
August 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834534/efficacy-of-electropalatography-for-treating-misarticulation-of-r
#16
Elaine R Hitchcock, Tara McAllister Byun, Michelle Swartz, Roberta Lazarus
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to document the efficacy of electropalatography (EPG) for the treatment of rhotic errors in school-age children. Despite a growing body of literature using EPG for the treatment of speech sound errors, there is little systematic evidence about the relative efficacy of EPG for rhotic errors. Method: Participants were 5 English-speaking children aged 6;10 to 9;10, who produced /r/ at the word level with < 30% accuracy but otherwise showed typical speech, language, and hearing abilities...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833100/language-impairment-and-comorbid-vulnerabilities-among-young-people-in-custody
#17
Nathan Hughes, Prathiba Chitsabesan, Karen Bryan, Rohan Borschmann, Nathaniel Swain, Charlotte Lennox, Jennifer Shaw
BACKGROUND: While the prevalence of language and communication difficulties among young people in custody is well established, holistic understanding of the complexity and co-occurrence of additional vulnerabilities among this population are rare. METHODS: Ninety-three young people in a young offenders institution in England were assessed using the Comprehensive Health Assessment Tool, the Test of Word Knowledge, and a range of additional assessments of communication, cognition, and neurodevelopmental difficulties...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832813/language-in-frontotemporal-dementia-an-analysis-in-light-of-enunciative-discursive-neurolinguistics
#18
Daniel de Martino Ucedo, Karoline Pimentel Dos Santos, Ana Paula de Oliveira Santana
The aim of this case study was to perform a cross-sectional analysis of spontaneous speech of a patient with Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD). For this purpose, four speech and language therapy episodes, from 2012 to 2014, were selected, transcribed and analyzed in light of Enunciative-Discursive Neurolinguistics. The analysis showed, as the patient's FTD status progressed, that he used different semiotic strategies, e.g., use of repetition and gesture during speech production. It also highlighted the importance of the interlocutor's role of prompting the patient to express verbal meaning...
August 17, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828866/facilitating-pragmatic-skills-through-role-play-in-learners-with-language-learning-disability
#19
Fareeaa Abdoola, Penelope S Flack, Saira B Karrim
BACKGROUND: Role-based learning involves the process whereby learners acquire skills, knowledge and understanding through the assumption of roles within real-life settings. Role-play holds potential as an effective learning strategy for children; however, there is limited research on the use of role-play as a therapy method within the field of speech-language pathology. Children with language learning disability (LLD) typically present with difficulties in social communication, which can negatively affect their social and academic achievement...
July 26, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818006/the-role-of-the-bdnf-val66met-polymorphism-in-recovery-of-aphasia-after-stroke
#20
Riemke G A de Boer, Kerstin Spielmann, Majanka H Heijenbrok-Kal, Rick van der Vliet, Gerard M Ribbers, W Mieke E van de Sandt-Koenderman
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is assumed to play a role in mediating neuroplasticity after stroke. Carriers of the function-limiting Val66Met (rs6265) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) may have a downregulation in BDNF secretion, which may lead to a poorer prognosis after stroke compared to noncarriers in motor learning and motor function recovery. The present study investigates whether this polymorphism may also affect the recovery of poststroke aphasia (ie, language impairment)...
August 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
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