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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320541/comparative-evaluation-of-premedication-with-ketorolac-and-prednisolone-on-postendodontic-pain-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
R Praveen, Sophia Thakur, M Kirthiga
INTRODUCTION: The present clinical trial aimed to evaluate and compare the effect of a single pretreatment dose of ketorolac (20 mg), prednisolone (30 mg), and placebo on postendodontic pain in patients undergoing endodontic therapy for irreversible pulpitis or pulpal necrosis using a visual analog scale. METHODS: Ninety-two subjects were included in the present trial; 46 subjects had a pulpal diagnosis of irreversible pulpitis, and the other 46 had pulpal necrosis...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318161/-clinical-comparative-study-on-the-efficacy-of-periodontal-endodontic-therapy-and-periodontal-treatment-alone-for-advanced-periodontitis
#2
Tan Baochun, Xiao Jianping, Yan Fuhua, Huan Hong
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the period of endodontic treatment and the effects of periodontal-endodontic treatment for advanced periodontitis. METHODS: A total of 180 patients with advanced periodontitis participated in this clinical multicenter study. The respondents were randomly divided into an endodontic combined treatment (experimental) group and a periodontal treatment alone (control) group; each group consisted of 90 teeth. The control group received periodontal therapy only...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317827/-direct-restoration-of-the-tooth-crown-using-various-core-build-up-materials
#3
L N Maksimovskaya, V A Krutov, P V Kuprin, M A Kuprina
The aim of the study was to assess direct restorations mechanical properties (both in vitro and in vivo) to improve dental restorations quality after root canal treatment. Laboratory tests showed that using nanocomposite materials of dual curing with the fiberglass reinforced posts improves restoration strength in endodontically treated teeth: by 3.9±5.8% in class II Peroz restorations, 12.6±5.9 and 24.2±4.2% in class III and IV, correspondently. Using fiberglass reinforced posts (LuxaPost) for the restoration of the tooth crown after endodontic treatment significantly decreases the number of complications associated with marginal leakage of the restoration during first 2 years after treatment (p<005)...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316949/evaluation-of-the-role-of-probiotics-in-endodontic-treatment-a-preliminary-study
#4
Aarti Bohora, Sharad Kokate
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The principal goal of endodontics is the prevention of periapical infection. Acute and chronic apical periodontitis occur due to the persistence of pathogenic microorganisms such as Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans harboring the root canal systems of the teeth. The concept of the use of probiotics in addressing endodontic disease is new and has not been studied adequately. On the basis of the success of probiotics in periodontal treatment, this preliminary work was performed (a) to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of probiotics against common endodontic pathogens, i...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306163/an-update-of-dens-invaginatus-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Jingjing Zhu, Xinhuan Wang, Yanjun Fang, Johannes W Von den Hoff, Liuyan Meng
Dens invaginatus is a malformation with varying anatomical features, posing challenges to treatment. Early and accurate diagnosis plays a significant role in selecting the appropriate treatment. The diagnosis of teeth with a complex root canal system including dens invaginatus has made progress with the application of three-dimensional imaging techniques in endodontics. Advanced treatment options provide hope for teeth that could not be saved before. This review discusses diagnostic methods and treatment options for teeth with dens invaginatus, and provides guidelines for the management of dens invaginatus cases in clinic...
March 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301009/survival-and-factors-associated-with-failure-of-pulpectomies-performed-in-primary-teeth-by-dental-students
#6
Juliane Priscila Brustolin, Adriela Azevedo Souza Mariath, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Luciano Casagrande
Although endodontic treatment is widely recommended for compromised dental pulp, there is no information regarding the factors associated with failures in primary teeth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival and factors associated with failure of pulpectomies performed in primary teeth by dental students. The sample comprised patients treated at a University Dental Service and required endodontic treatment in primary teeth. The study investigated treatment-related variables and patient factors potentially associated with treatment failure...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298991/fracture-resistance-of-endodontically-treated-teeth-with-different-direct-corono-radicular-restoration-methods
#7
Horieh Moosavi, Safora Afshari, Fatemeh Manari
BACKGROUND: Endodontically treated teeth are widely considered to be more susceptible to fracture than vital teeth. Obturation procedures and post placement have been a main cause of vertical root fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight human premolars with standardized weakened roots were endodontically treated and allocated to four experimental groups (n=12). After root canal treatment, in group 1, fiber posts #1 were cemented in root canals using Estelite Core Quick, and the crowns were restored with resin composite...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298989/effects-of-different-intra-canal-medicaments-on-the-push-out-bond-strength-of-endodontic-sealers
#8
Sahar Shakouie, Shahriar Shahi, Mohammad Samiei, Amin-Salem Milani, Mohammad-Frough Reyhani, Sara Paksefat, Mahsa Eskandarinekhad, Negin Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: One of the essential properties of the root canal sealers is the adhesion to root canal dentin and their higher bond strength decreases the microleakage. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of Different Intracanal medicaments on the push out bond strength of AH26 and MTA Fillapex sealers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 104 one-rooted extracted human teeth were divided into 4 (n=26) experimental groups. After the cleaning and shaping, the root canals were filled with Ca(OH)2, triantibiotic paste (TAP), Metapex or 2% chlorhexidine gel for two weeks...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298976/wear-of-the-primary-waveone-single-file-when-shaping-vestibular-root-canals-of-first-maxillary-molar
#9
Daniel Aracena, Eduardo Borie, Pablo Betancourt, Angella Aracena, Mario Guzmán
BACKGROUND: It is very important for a clinician to know the increased wear of mechanized files when establishing endodontic therapy. The aim of this study was to check the wear of the Primary WaveOne file upon shaping two, four and six maxillary molar vestibular canals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The deterioration of 40 files, divided into four groups, was evaluated microscopically: group 1, control (unused); group 2, two canals; group 3, four canals; and group 4, six canals...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298975/evaluation-of-antimicrobial-and-antifungal-efficacy-of-chitosan-as-endodontic-irrigant-against-enterococcus-faecalis-and-candida-albicans-biofilm-formed-on-tooth-substrate
#10
Pankaj Yadav, Sarika Chaudhary, Rajendra K Saxena, Sangeeta Talwar, Sudha Yadav
BACKGROUND: Bacterial biofilms formed on the root canal wall are often difficult to remove. This study aimed to evaluate the cytotoxic effect and antibacterial efficacy of chitosan when used as root canal irrigant against E. Faecalis and Candida albicans biofilm formed on tooth substrate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study evaluated antibacterial effect of 0.25% Chitosan, 0.5% Chitosan, 2% chlorhexidine and 3% sodium hypochlorite against Enterococcus faecalis and Candida Albicans...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294706/histopathological-microbiological-and-radiographic-analysis-of-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-teeth-with-apical-periodontitis-a-study-in-rats-molars
#11
Alessandra Cesar Trindade, José Antônio Poli de Figueiredo, Sílvia Dias de Oliveira, Valdir Cristóvão Barth Junior, Stephanie Wagner Gallo, Carina Follmann, Carlos Frederico Brilhante Wolle, Liviu Steier, Renata Dornelles Morgental, João Batista Blessmann Weber
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate in vivo, by histological and radiographic analysis, the response of apical tissues of rats' teeth with experimentally induced apical periodontitis, after one- and two-session endodontic treatment with and without photodynamic therapy (PDT). A microbiological analysis was also performed to verify bacterial reduction after each treatment. BACKGROUND DATA: Studies carried out in recent years highlighted the antibacterial potential of PDT when associated with conventional endodontic therapy in vitro...
March 9, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294592/comparison-of-two-cone-beam-computed-tomography-systems-in-the-visualization-of-endodontic-structures
#12
Sabrina Strobel, Evelyn Lenhart, Johann P Woelber, Jonathan Fleiner, Christian Hannig, Karl-Thomas Wrbas
An important part of endodontic diagnosis and treatment is the adequate visualization of root canal anatomy. The objective of the present study was to compare two different three-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) systems, Scanora 3D and 3D Accuitomo 170, with respect to their visualization of endodontic canal systems and potential pathological alterations. Seventy extracted human teeth were investigated with regard to the radiographic detection of number of root canals, lateral canals, root canal fillings and posts, vertical root fractures, and the occurrence of image artifacts...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294199/management-of-an-immature-partially-necrotic-permanent-molar-by-pulp-revascularization-%C3%A2-two-year-follow-up
#13
Julian Schmoeckel, Mhd Said Mourad, Christian H Splieth, Ruth M Santamaria
Root canal treatment of immature teeth is considered a great challenge for both the dentist and the patient. The thinness of the root canals walls and the lack of an apical barrier leads to unpredictable treatment results. Revascularization is a novel promising treatment option in the field of regenerative endodontics for management of immature necrotic permanent teeth. This case presents a successful treatment of an 8-year-old patient with a partially necrotic, immature permanent mandibular right first molar pulp by revascularization...
March 14, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293666/endodontic-management-of-a-maxillary-first-molar-with-seven-root-canals-using-spiral-computed-tomography
#14
Hemant Kumar Yadav, Gaurav Kumar Saini, Harpreet Singh Chhabra, Pratyaksha Singh Panwar
The main objective of this case report is to present a rare root canal configuration of maxillary molar with seven root canals; three mesiobuccal, two palatal and two distobuccal canals diagnosed during treatment procedure confirmed by spiral computed tomography. A thorough knowledge of root canal morphology, proper clinical and radiographic examination, and use of dental operating microscopes are necessary for successful clinical outcomes. This article highlights the variations in the morphology of maxillary first molar and use of the latest techniques in successful diagnosis and negotiation of the additional canals...
March 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293665/comparison-of-endodontic-medicaments-on-bond-strength-of-fiber-post-to-root-dentin-using-resin-cement
#15
Maryam Zare Jahromi, Mehrdad Barekatain, Shirin Ravanbod, Parisa Ranjbarian, Sara Kousehlar
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Endodontic irrigants and medicaments may affect the bond strength of intracanal posts to root dentin. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) and 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) on bond strength of fiber post cemented with resin cement to root dentin. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This in vitro experimental study was conducted on 36 mandibular premolars. Canals were prepared using the step back technique...
March 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292598/clinical-and-radiographic-characteristics-of-vertical-root-fractures-in-endodontically-and-nonendodontically-treated-teeth
#16
Wan-Chuen Liao, Yi-Ling Tsai, Chen-Ying Wang, Mei-Chi Chang, Wei-Ling Huang, Hsueh-Jen Lin, Hsin-Cheng Liu, Chiu-Po Chan, Shu-Hui Chang, Jiiang-Huei Jeng
INTRODUCTION: A vertical root fracture (VRF) is a root fracture extending along the longitudinal axis of roots and is often noted in endodontically treated teeth. However, the clinical and radiographic characteristics of VRFs are not completely known. METHODS: A total of 65 teeth with 68 vertical fractured roots in 58 Chinese patients were investigated. The clinical examination records and radiographic images were reviewed in detail. RESULTS: A total of 24 male (41...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292597/the-effect-of-the-dental-operating-microscope-on-the-outcome-of-nonsurgical-root-canal-treatment-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#17
Navid Khalighinejad, Anita Aminoshariae, James C Kulild, Kristin A Williams, Jeannie Wang, Andre Mickel
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the current investigation was to assess the effect of the use of a dental operating microscope on the outcome of nonsurgical root canal treatment (NS RCT) while treating the mesiobuccal (MB) root of the maxillary first molar. METHODS: This retrospective investigation included endodontically treated maxillary first molars (ETMs) with apparent adequate previous NS RCT and restorations referred for endodontic retreatment at the endodontic graduate clinic...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292596/why-biphasic-assessment-of-the-effect-on-cell-proliferation-and-expression
#18
Pierre Schembri-Wismayer, Josette Camilleri
INTRODUCTION: Tricalcium silicate (TCS)-based materials are used in endodontics because they are hydraulic and interact with blood, tissue fluids, and phosphate-based root canal irrigants, resulting in biomineralization. Newer-generation materials are biphasic; calcium phosphate is added to the TCS; thus, the material has 2 cementitious phases. The effect of this addition is not known; thus, the aim of this study was to characterize biphasic cements and assess cellular proliferation and expression...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292595/microguided-endodontics-accuracy-of-a-miniaturized-technique-for-apically-extended-access-cavity-preparation-in-anterior-teeth
#19
Thomas Connert, Marc S Zehnder, Roland Weiger, Sebastian Kühl, Gabriel Krastl
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of guided endodontics in mandibular anterior teeth by using miniaturized instruments. This technique is designed to treat teeth with pulp canal calcifications and narrow roots by using a printed template that guides a bur to the calcified root canal. METHODS: Sixty sound mandibular anterior teeth were used in 10 mandibular models. Preoperative surface and cone-beam computed tomography scans were matched by using the coDiagnostix software...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281013/root-canal-morphology-and-variations-in-mandibular-second-molar-teeth-of-an-indian-population-an-in-vivo-cone-beam-computed-tomography-analysis
#20
Ajinkya Mansing Pawar, Mansing Pawar, Anda Kfir, Shishir Singh, Prashant Salve, Bhagyashree Thakur, Prasanna Neelakantan
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the root canal morphology of permanent mandibular second molars of an Indian population in vivo using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. METHODS: CBCT images (n = 983; males = 489, females = 494) of untreated, completely developed permanent mandibular second molar teeth were examined. CBCT scans were acquired as part of diagnosis and treatment planning for treatments unrelated to the present study. The number of roots and root canals were recorded...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
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