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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644311/hemobilia-an-uncommon-but-notable-cause-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#1
Scott Cathcart, John W Birk, Michael Tadros, Micheal Schuster
GOAL AND BACKGROUND: A literature review to improve practitioners' knowledge and performance concerning the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of hemobilia. STUDY: A search of Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Medline was conducted using the keyword hemobilia and relevant articles were reviewed and analyzed. The findings pertaining to hemobilia etiology, investigation, and management techniques were considered and organized by clinicians practiced in hemobilia. RESULTS: The majority of current hemobilia cases have an iatrogenic cause from either bile duct or liver manipulation...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611969/anastomotic-strictures-after-esophageal-atresia-repair-incidence-investigations-and-management-including-treatment-of-refractory-and-recurrent-strictures
#2
REVIEW
Renato Tambucci, Giulia Angelino, Paola De Angelis, Filippo Torroni, Tamara Caldaro, Valerio Balassone, Anna Chiara Contini, Erminia Romeo, Francesca Rea, Simona Faraci, Giovanni Federici di Abriola, Luigi Dall'Oglio
Improved surgical techniques, as well as preoperative and postoperative care, have dramatically changed survival of children with esophageal atresia (EA) over the last decades. Nowadays, we are increasingly seeing EA patients experiencing significant short- and long-term gastrointestinal morbidities. Anastomotic stricture (AS) is the most common complication following operative repair. An esophageal stricture is defined as an intrinsic luminal narrowing in a clinically symptomatic patient, but no symptoms are sensitive or specific enough to diagnose an AS...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611556/therapeutic-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasound-based-on-rare-cases-in-indonesia-a-single-center-experience-in-unselected-patients
#3
Cosmas Rinaldi A Lesmana, Rino A Gani, Irsan Hasan, Andri Sanityoso Sulaiman, Laurentius A Lesmana
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is still not widely available and has a barrier in most Southeast Asian countries due to lack of training program, high cost, and hospital investment. In this study, we would like to show the impact of therapeutic interventional EUS procedures in gastroenterology practice in Indonesia, which represents the biggest Southeast Asian country. METHODS: Patients who underwent interventional EUS procedure in Medistra Hospital were prospectively recruited within 1 year...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606285/-the-application-of-short-stent-in-root-of-aorta-for-the-treatment-of-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection
#4
X P Chen, Y P Zhao, Y F Ye, S Chen, G J Zhu, J Hu
Objective: To explore the effect of implanting short stent in root of aorta for the treatment of Stanford type A aortic dissection. Methods: Clinical data of 39 patients with Stanford type A aortic dissection who underwent surgical procedure at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery of Luoyang Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University, between January 2013 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 31 males and 8 females aged 27 to 75 (49.3±10.3) years. All patients received short stent implanting in aortic root, total arch replacement and stented elephant trunk implantation were performed at the same time...
June 13, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591040/an-uncommon-cause-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-case-report
#5
Manjusha Bandireddy, Noemi Baffy
RATIONALE: Metastatic involvement of the gastrointestinal tract is an uncommon scenario encountered in the clinical practice. Our case represents a gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) as a consequence of distant Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) metastasis without any lymph node involvement in association with inflammatory stranding leading to extrinsic duodenal obstruction. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report an unusual case of a 73-year-old male presented with a five-week history of nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain due to the metastatic extension from TCC that had been considered in remission...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585148/combined-use-of-single-balloon-enteroscope-and-colonoscope-for-self-expandable-metal-stent-placement-in-patients-with-malignant-small-intestinal-obstruction-a-single-center-comparative-clinical-observation
#6
Ya-Fei Zhang, Shou-Bin Ning, Bai-Rong Li, Jing Zhang, Jing Li, Jie Tang, Ming Zhu, Xiao-Wei Jin, Qiu Zhao, Gao-Ping Mao
Small intestinal obstruction is a common complication of primary gastrointestinal cancer or metastatic cancers. Patients with this condition are often poor candidates for surgical bypasses, and placement of self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) can be technically challenging. In this study, we examined the feasibility of combined application of single-balloon enteroscope (SBE) and colonoscope for SEMS placement in patients with malignant small intestinal obstruction. Thirty-four patients were enrolled in this study, among which 22 patients received SEMS placement by using SBE and colonoscope, while the other 12 patients received conservative medical treatment...
June 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580350/colon-perforation-due-to-embolization-coil-for-internal-iliac-aneurysm
#7
Ho Kyun Lee, Hong Sung Jung, Sang Young Chung, Soo Jin Na Choi
Coil migration is an extremely rare but hazardous complication of aneurysmal coil embolization. Only 1 case report has described coil migration following endovascular exclusion to gastrointestinal (GI) tract. We report the experience of a case of colon penetration caused by embolization coil placed for internal iliac aneurysm. A 66-year-old man visited the Emergency Department for hematochezia that had persisted for 3 months. Stent insertion and coil embolization of left internal iliac artery aneurysm had been performed on the patient 18 months ago...
June 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567453/hemobilia-due-to-arteriobiliary-fistula-complicating-ercp-for-residual-bile-duct-stone-in-a-case-of-mirizzi-syndrome
#8
Surendrakumar Mathur, Vinaykumar Thapar, Vasudev Chowda
Hemobilia is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Most cases are iatrogenic following medical interventions, most commonly liver biopsy and transhepatic cholangiography. We present a case of arteriobiliary fistula between the right hepatic artery and the common hepatic duct, in a case of Mirrizi syndrome, following endoscopic biliary stenting and presenting with hemobilia. The patient was treated by surgical disconnection of the fistula, ligation of the right hepatic artery, and bilioenteric anastomosis...
May 2017: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567379/colonic-obstruction-caused-by-video-capsule-entrapment-in-a-metal-stent
#9
Ervin Toth, Lars Marthinsen, Maria Bergström, Per-Ola Park, Peter Månsson, Artur Nemeth, Gabriele Wurm Johansson, Henrik Thorlacius
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has become the method of choice for visualizing the small bowel mucosa and is generally considered to be a safe method. Although uncommon, the most feared complication of VCE is capsule retention that can potentially lead to life-threatening bowel obstruction. Herein, we present for the first time a case of capsule retention in a colonic stent. The patient had known Crohn's disease with colonic involvement and underwent an uneventful but incomplete small bowel VCE for assessment of disease activity and extension for optimizing medical treatment...
May 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560486/new-scoring-model-darsym-score-to-predict-post-discharge-bleeding-after-successful-second-generation-drug-eluting-stent-implantation
#10
Yohsuke Honda, Masahiro Yamawaki, Keisuke Hirano, Motoharu Araki, Norihiro Kobayashi, Yasunari Sakamoto, Shinsuke Mori, Masakazu Tsutumi, Takuro Takama, Takahiro Tokuda, Kenji Makino, Shigemitsu Shirai, Yoshiaki Ito
We aimed to create a scoring model to predict post-discharge bleeding (PDB) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in Japanese subjects. We enrolled 1912 consecutive patients undergoing DES implantation (age 70 ± 10 years; 72% male). PDB was defined as a composite of type 5, 3, and 2 bleeding using the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium criteria. A Cox proportional hazard model assessed predictors, and we then derived a clinical model stratifying risk of PDB after DES implantation. Ninety-eight patients (6...
May 30, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540489/endoscopy-in-patients-on-antiplatelet-agents-and-anticoagulants
#11
REVIEW
Andrew M Veitch
Management of patients on anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy undergoing endoscopy presents a balance of risks between haemorrhage due to the procedure, and thrombosis due to discontinuation of antithrombotic therapy. Haemorrhage is usually controllable endoscopically, but thrombosis could, on occasion, result in myocardial infarction or stroke, with permanent disability or death. For elective procedures, there is adequate time to plan best management of antithrombotic therapy. International guidelines have been published, but recommendations are based on limited evidence and consultation with appropriate medical specialists, and the patient is important...
May 25, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537563/anastomotic-leaks-in-gastrointestinal-surgery-and-their-prevention
#12
Tomasz Banasiewicz, Adam Dziki, Paweł Lampe, Zbigniew Lorenc, Marek Szczepkowski, Jacek Zieliński, Grzegorz Wallner
Anastomotic leak in the gastrointestinal tract is one of the most important complications of resection. They are the main cause of reoperation, their occurrence worsens the prognosis of the patient, increasing the proportion of direct mortality, as well as being a significant risk factor for recurrence of cancer. The risk of leaks within the gastrointestinal tract is greatly varied, depending on the location and extent of the resection, but also on patient, disease or a surgical procedure, including surgeon...
April 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532663/recent-developments-in-drug-eluting-devices-with-tailored-interfacial-properties
#13
REVIEW
Eva Sanchez-Rexach, Emilio Meaurio, Jose-Ramon Sarasua
Drug eluting devices have greatly evolved during past years to become fundamental products of great marketing importance in the biomedical field. There is currently a large diversity of highly specialized devices for specific applications, making the development of these devices an exciting field of research. The replacement of the former bare metal devices by devices loaded with drugs allowed the sustained and controlled release of drugs, to achieve the desired local therapeutic concentration of drug. The newer devices have been "engineered" with surfaces containing micro- and nanoscale features in a well-controlled manner, that have shown to significantly affect cellular and subcellular function of various biological systems...
May 4, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491182/aortoenteric-fistulae-temporization-and-treatment-lessons-learned-from-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-3-patients
#14
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Jordan C Castle, Kyle J Cooper, Ravi N Srinivasa, Jonathan L Eliason, Nicholas H Osborne, Karen M Kim, Wael E Saad, Minhaj S Khaja
Aortoenteric fistulae are life-threatening conditions characterized by abnormal communications between the aorta and gastrointestinal tract. Aortoenteric fistulae may be characterized by the triad of bleeding, abdominal pain, or a pulsatile abdominal mass. Although hemorrhage is the most common presentation, it does not always occur; thus, patients may present with nonspecific symptoms. Computed tomography angiography findings suggestive of aortoenteric fistulae include ectopic gas within or adjacent to the aorta, discontinuity of the aortic wall, bowel wall thickening, and extravasation of contrast into the bowel...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488370/patients-with-cirrhosis-who-have-coronary-artery-disease-treated-with-cardiac-stents-have-high-rates-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-but-no-increased-mortality
#15
T Krill, G Brown, R A Weideman, D J Cipher, S J Spechler, E Brilakis, L A Feagins
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) treated with stents require dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). For cirrhotics, who often have varices and coagulopathy, it is not clear if the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) should preclude use of DAPT. AIM: To compare GIB and mortality rates in cirrhotics with CAD treated medically or with stents. METHODS: Using institutional databases, we identified patients with cirrhosis and CAD treated with stents or medical therapy between January 2000-September 2015...
May 9, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480729/an-unusual-cause-of-boerhaave%C3%A2-s-syndrome-in-a-young-patient
#16
Samuel Fernandes, Carlos Noronha Ferreira, José Freire, José Velosa
An 18-year-old male patient with a history of atopy and intermittent dysphagia for solids, presented to the emergency department with sudden onset total dysphagia followed by hematemesis, after ingesting an ibuprofen tablet. Urgent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a deep laceration just above the tablet impacted in the distal esophagus. Abdominal CT-scan confirmed the suspicion of an esophageal perforation. The impacted tablet was broken up with biopsy forceps, and a covered metallic stent (Hanarostent® 60/100x20/26mm) was placed across the cardia effectively excluding the fistula...
May 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455489/st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-with-acute-stent-thrombosis-presenting-as-intractable-hiccups-an-unusual-case
#17
Fan Zhang, Nosakhare Douglas Tongo, Victoria Hastings, Parisa Kanzali, Ziqiang Zhu, Hal Chadow, Shahrokh E Rafii
BACKGROUND Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can present with atypical chest pain or symptoms not attributed to heart disease, such as indigestion. Hiccups, a benign and self-limited condition, can become persistent or intractable with overlooked underlying etiology. There are various causes of protracted hiccups, including metabolic abnormalities, psychogenic disorders, malignancy, central nervous system pathology, medications, pulmonary disorders, or gastrointestinal etiologies. It is rarely attributed to cardiac disease...
April 29, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440519/-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-perioperative-complications-of-bariatric-and-metabolic-surgery
#18
Haifu Wu, Ming Zhong, Di Zhou, Chenye Shi, Heng Jiao, Wei Wu, Xinxia Chang, Jing Cang, Hua Bian
Surgical operation in treating obesity and type 2 diabetes is popularizing rapidly in China. Correct prevention and recognition of perioperation-related operative complications is the premise of ensuring surgical safety. Familiar complications of the operation include deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary artery embolism, anastomotic bleeding, anastomotic fistula and marginal ulcer. The prevention of deep venous thrombosis is better than treatment. The concrete measures contain physical prophylaxis (graduated compression stocking and intermittent pneumatic compression leg sleeves) and drug prophylaxis (unfractionated heparin and low molecular heparin), and the treatment is mainly thrombolysis or operative thrombectomy...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419588/endoscopic-treatment-of-intraductal-pancreatic-stent-fragmentation
#19
Mateusz Jagielski, Marian Smoczyński, Anna Jabłońska, Krystian Adrych
OBJECTIVES: Complications of endoscopic treatment are reported more and more often due to popularization of pancreatic endotherapy. Our study presents the results of treatment in patients with intraductal pancreatic stent fragmentation diagnosed during endotherapy of chronic pancreatitis. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 2496 endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) procedures which were performed in 607 patients at Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit of the University Clinical Center in Gdansk...
April 17, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408994/endoscopic-management-of-patients-with-post-surgical-leaks-involving-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-large-case-series
#20
Raffaele Manta, Angelo Caruso, Carlo Cellini, Mariano Sica, Angelo Zullo, Vincenzo Giorgio Mirante, Helga Bertani, Marzio Frazzoni, Massimiliano Mutignani, Giuseppe Galloro, Rita Conigliaro
BACKGROUND: Post-surgical anastomotic leaks often require a re-intervention, are associated with a definite morbidity and mortality, and with relevant costs. We described a large series of patients with different post-surgical leaks involving the gastrointestinal tract managed with endoscopy as initial approach. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected cases with anastomotic leaks managed with different endoscopic approaches (with surgical or radiological drainage when needed) in two endoscopic centres during 5 years...
December 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
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