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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350494/sleep-disruption-in-caregivers-of-pediatric-stem-cell-recipients
#1
Kristen Coleman, Laura Flesch, Lisa Petiniot, Abigail Pate, Li Lin, Lori Crosby, Dean W Beebe, Adam Nelson, Priscila Badia Alonso, Stella M Davies, Rachel B Baker, Christopher E Dandoy
Parents/caregivers of hospitalized patients are at risk of sleep disruption. We performed a cross-sectional quantitative and qualitative evaluation of sleep in parents/caregivers of children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT; n = 17). Additionally, we explored the frequency of room entries for hospitalized patients undergoing HSCT (n = 189 nights). Twelve caregivers (71%) demonstrated significant sleep disturbance, 12 (71%) described sleep quality as poor, 15 (88%) averaged < 6 hours of sleep per night, 14 (82%) awakened at least four times per night...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350332/sleep-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-associations-with-disease-activity-gender-and-mood
#2
Alison Wadeley, Emily Clarke, Shaaron Leverment, Raj Sengupta
The study aims were to assess the prevalence of good or poor sleep in a cohort of axial spondyloarthritis patients and to investigate its correlation with a range of objectively and subjectively measured variables in order to develop a model for distinguishing good from poor sleepers. Five hundred ninety-eight patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 61 with non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis completed the Jenkins Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire. Measures of disease activity, mobility, function, mood, fatigue, quality of life, work productivity, night-time pain and general health were gathered...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349248/association-of-financial-hardship-with-poor-sleep-health-outcomes-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Dustin T Duncan, Su Hyun Park, Yazan A Al-Ajlouni, Lauren Hale, Girardin Jean-Louis, William C Goedel, Basile Chaix, Brian Elbel
Previous studies have identified an association between socioeconomic status and sleep health. While some research has studied this association among sexual minority groups, including men who have sex with men (MSM), they exclusively focused on US-based populations. The interplay between the two in shaping sleep health has not been previously examined on populations residing outside the US. This study considers both determinants, by investigating whether financial hardship is associated with sleep health among a sample of MSM in Paris, France...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341860/risk-management-of-free-radicals-involved-in-air-travel-syndromes-by-antioxidants
#4
Jeum-Nam Kim, Byung-Mu Lee
Frequent air travelers and airplane pilots may develop various types of illnesses. The environmental risk factors associated with air travel syndromes (ATS) or air travel-related adverse health outcomes raised concerns and need to be assessed in the context of risk management and public health. Accordingly, the aim of the present review was to determine ATS, risk factors, and mechanisms underlying ATS using scientific data and information obtained from Medline, Toxline, and regulatory agencies. Additional information was also extracted from websites of organizations, such as the International Air Transport Association (IATA), International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers (IAMAT), and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339262/the-long-term-physical-and-psychological-health-impacts-of-flooding-a-systematic-mapping
#5
REVIEW
Shuang Zhong, Lianping Yang, Sam Toloo, Zhe Wang, Shilu Tong, Xiaojie Sun, David Crompton, Gerard FitzGerald, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Flooding has caused significant and wide ranging long-term health impacts for affected populations. However, until now, the long-term health outcomes, epidemiological trends and specific impact factors of flooding had not been identified. In this study, the relevant literature was systematically mapped to create the first synthesis of the evidence of the long-term health impacts of flooding. METHODS: The systematic mapping method was used to collect and categorize all the relevant literature...
January 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336905/getting-a-good-night-sleep-the-importance-of-recognizing-and-treating-nocturnal-hypokinesia-in-parkinson-s-disease
#6
REVIEW
Roongroj Bhidayasiri, Claudia Trenkwalder
When Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are asked about the quality of their sleep, their answers are dominated by difficulties associated with impaired mobility in bed, medically referred to as nocturnal hypokinesia. Nocturnal hypokinesia is symptomatic from the mid-stage of the disease, affecting up to 70% of PD patients, and contributes to poor sleep quality, and increased carer burden. Here we explore four areas of nocturnal hypokinesia that are relevant to clinical practice, namely: manifestations and definition; clinical assessment and objective monitoring; etiologies and contributing factors; and evidence-based therapeutic approaches...
January 5, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334202/lifestyle-related-factors-associated-with-reproductive-health-in-couples-seeking-fertility-treatments-results-of-a-pilot-study
#7
Marie-Lou Piché, Véronique Babineau, Julie Robitaille, Émilie Lachance, Stephanie-May Ruchat
Background: The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a larger prospective cohort study, which will aim at determining the independent contribution of male and female lifestyle-related factors to assisted reproductive technology (ART) success. The study also examined whether couples seeking fertility treatments present lifestyle-related factors that may interfere with their reproductive health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective pilot study was conducted in a fertility clinic between May 2015 and February 2016...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332218/effects-of-sleep-hygiene-training-given-to-pregnant-women-with-restless-leg-syndrome-on-their-sleep-quality
#8
Ayşe Sönmez, Yeşim Aksoy Derya
PURPOSE: This research was conducted to determine the effects of sleep hygiene training given to pregnant women with restless leg syndrome on their sleep quality. METHODS: This study was conducted using a quasi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test, and a control group. When the power analysis was made, a sample size with 5% two-sided significance, 95% confidence interval, and 95% ability to represent the population was calculated to have a total of 128 pregnant women...
January 13, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331930/sleep-quality-psychological-symptoms-and-psychotic-like-experiences
#9
Arielle Ered, Shanna Cooper, Lauren M Ellman
Poor sleep quality has been repeatedly linked to the entire psychosis continuum, including psychotic-like experiences (PLEs); however, sleep dysfunction is a component of several other psychopathologies that have also been linked to increased risk for PLEs, including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It has yet to be examined if PLEs are a significant risk factor for poor sleep quality or if this sleep dysfunction is better accounted for by comorbid psychopathology. In 2687 undergraduates, PLEs were evaluated using the positive items of the Prodromal Questionnaire...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329966/-overview-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-physicians-in-brazzaville-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#10
E L P Bemba, A R Ouedraogo, G C Ngouoni, R G Bopaka, P P Koumeka, K B Ossale Abacka, J Mboussa
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the leading sleep-related breathing disorder. Its complications and its repercussions on the quality of life of patients make the OSAS a real public health problem. The objective of this study is to both asses physicians knowledge of OSAS and describe their attitudes towards suspect subjects in Brazzaville. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of 230 doctors practicing in various hospitals in the city of Brazzaville...
January 9, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329461/high-heritability-of-adolescent-sleep-wake-behavior-on-free-but-not-school-days-a-long-term-twin-study
#11
A P Inderkum, L Tarokh
Adolescence development is characterized by significant changes in sleep biology. Despite an overall decline in sleep duration and a delay in bedtime, significant inter-individual variation in sleep has been reported. The aim of the current study was to examine genetic and environmental influences on sleep in adolescence using long-term (6-month) actigraphy measurements, differentiating between school and free days. Sixteen monozygotic (MZ; n = 32) and 10 dizygotic (DZ; n = 20) twin pairs (mean age 12.8 ± 1...
January 10, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325492/illness-perception-is-significantly-determined-by-depression-and-anxiety-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
K Nowicka-Sauer, A Hajduk, H Kujawska-Danecka, D Banaszkiewicz, Ż Smoleńska, Z Czuszyńska, J Siebert
Objectives Illness perception is a cognitive representation influencing physical and psychological functioning and adherence in patients with rheumatic disease. Studies exploring illness perception in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are still scarce and none of them have investigated factors determining illness perception. We aimed to assess illness perception and to identify psychological, clinical and sociodemographic factors that might influence illness perception in SLE. Methods The study involved 80 patients with SLE (87...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325155/sleep-findings-in-brazilian-children-with-congenital-zika-syndrome
#13
Luciana Pinato, Erlane M Ribeiro, Rebeka F P Leite, Thayse F Lopes, André L S Pessoa, Leila M Guissoni Campos, Giovanna E Piffer, Ana L D M Souza, Célia M Giacheti
Study Objectives: Zika virus infection during pregnancy may result in congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), whose characteristics are being described. Methods: The present study aimed to investigate the sleep characteristics of 136 infants/toddlers (88 with CZS and 48 with typical development (TD), age and gender matched, 60% girls and 40% boys in both groups) using the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. The ages of children in both groups ranged from 5 to 24 months (CZS 15...
January 6, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324595/association-of-pharmacologic-treatment-of-urgency-urinary-incontinence-with-sleep-quality-and-daytime-sleepiness
#14
Qurratul A Warsi, Alison J Huang, Rachel Hess, Lily A Arya, Holly E Richter, Catherine S Bradley, Rebecca G Rogers, Deborah L Myers, Karen C Johnson, William D Winkelman, W Thomas Gregory, Stephen R Kraus, Michael Schembri, Jeanette S Brown, Katie L Stone, Leslee L Subak
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between pharmacologic therapy for urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) and sleep quality. METHODS: We conducted a planned secondary data analysis of sleep outcomes in a previously conducted multicenter, double-blind, 12-week randomized trial of pharmacologic therapy for urgency-predominant incontinence among community-dwelling women self-diagnosed using the 3-Incontinence Questions questionnaire. Participants (N=645) were assigned randomly to 4-8 mg antimuscarinic therapy daily or placebo...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324574/sleep-problem-risk-for-adolescents-with-sickle-cell-disease-sociodemographic-physical-and-disease-related-correlates
#15
Cecelia R Valrie, Krystal L Trout, Kayzandra E Bond, Rebecca J Ladd, Nichelle L Huber, Kristen J Alston, Alicia M Sufrinko, Erik Everhart, Beng R Fuh
The aims of the current study were to investigate whether SCD incurs an additional risk for poor sleep over and above the influence of sociodemographic factors (ie, race and sex) during adolescence, and to explore the relationships between sociodemographic, physical (ie, age and pubertal status), and disease-related factors (ie, SCD genotype and hydroxyurea use) on sleep problem risk during adolescence. Black adolescents (age, 12 to 17 y) with SCD (n=53) were recruited from regional pediatric SCD clinics in the southeast and a sample of healthy black adolescents (n=160) were recruited from middle and high schools...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318587/new-perspectives-on-the-role-of-melatonin-in-human-sleep-circadian-rhythms-and-their-regulation
#16
REVIEW
N Zisapel
In mammals a central circadian clock, located in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of the hypothalamus, tunes the innate circadian physiological rhythms to the ambient 24h light-dark cycle to invigorate and optimize the internal temporal order. The SCN-activated, light- inhibited production of melatonin conveys the message of darkness to the clock and induces night state in physiological function, e.g., sleep/wake blood pressure and metabolism. Clinically meaningful effects of melatonin treatment have been demonstrated in placebo-controlled trials in humans, particularly in disorders associated with diminished or misaligned melatonin rhythms, e...
January 10, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318004/poly-de-prescribing-to-treat-polypharmacy-efficacy-and-safety
#17
Doron Garfinkel
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of poly-de-prescribing (PDP) based on the Garfinkel method in older people with polypharmacy. Methods: A longitudinal, prospective, nonrandomized study in Israel was carried out between 2009 and 2016. Comprehensive geriatric assessments were performed at home in people age ⩾66 years consuming ⩾6 prescription drugs. Exclusion criteria were life expectancy <6 months and a seeming unwillingness to cooperate (poor compliance)...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316912/the-effect-of-sleep-pattern-changes-on-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#18
Beth A Lewis, Dwenda Gjerdingen, Katie Schuver, Melissa Avery, Bess H Marcus
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that poor sleep is associated with postpartum depression; however, little is known regarding this relationship among postpartum women who are at high for postpartum depression. This study examined the relationship between changes in self-reported sleep patterns (from six weeks to seven months postpartum) and depressive symptoms at seven months postpartum among women who were at high risk for postpartum depression. METHODS: Participants (n = 122) were postpartum women who were at an increased risk for postpartum depression (personal or maternal history of depression) and had participated in a randomized exercise intervention trial...
January 9, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315470/motor-subtypes-and-other-risk-factors-associated-with-drooling-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#19
C J Mao, Y T Xiong, F Wang, Y P Yang, W Yuan, C Zhu, J Chen, C F Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between motor subtypes and drooling, and other risk factors associated with drooling in a large cohort of Chinese patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: A total of 586 PD patients were enrolled in this study. Unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (UPDRS) and Hoehn & Yahr stage (H & Y stage) scale, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression-24 item (HRSD), and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were applied to all subjects...
January 9, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313719/the-longitudinal-association-between-poor-sleep-quality-and-cyberbullying-mediated-by-anger
#20
Sara Erreygers, Heidi Vandebosch, Ivana Vranjes, Elfi Baillien, Hans De Witte
Adolescents tend to go to bed later and sleep less as they grow older, although their need for sleep stays the same throughout adolescence. Poor sleep has negative consequences on personal and interpersonal functioning, including increased aggressive tendencies. With adolescents' social life increasingly including interactions via digital media, these interactions may also become more aggressive when adolescents' sleep problems increase. One of the ways in which online aggression may be enacted is through cyberbullying...
January 9, 2018: Health Communication
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