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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437682/sleep-problems-in-pediatric-epilepsy-and-adhd-the-impact-of-comorbidity
#1
Ozalp Ekinci, Çetin Okuyaz, Serkan Gunes, Nuran Ekinci, Merve Kalınlı, Muhammet Emin Tan, Halenur Teke, Meltem Çobanoğulları Direk, Semra Erdoğan
AIMS: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a frequent comorbidity in pediatric epilepsy. Although sleep problems are commonly reported in both children with primary ADHD and epilepsy, those with epilepsy-ADHD comorbidity have not been well studied. This study aimed to compare sleep problems among three groups of children: 1) children with epilepsy, 2) children with epilepsy and ADHD (epilepsy-ADHD), and 3) children with primary ADHD. METHODS: 53 children with epilepsy, 35 children with epilepsy-ADHD, and 52 children with primary ADHD completed the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ)...
April 21, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436999/clinical-practice-guidelines-on-the-evidence-based-use-of-integrative-therapies-during-and-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Heather Greenlee, Melissa J DuPont-Reyes, Lynda G Balneaves, Linda E Carlson, Misha R Cohen, Gary Deng, Jillian A Johnson, Matthew Mumber, Dugald Seely, Suzanna M Zick, Lindsay M Boyce, Debu Tripathy
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Patients with breast cancer commonly use complementary and integrative therapies as supportive care during cancer treatment and to manage treatment-related side effects. However, evidence supporting the use of such therapies in the oncology setting is limited. This report provides updated clinical practice guidelines from the Society for Integrative Oncology on the use of integrative therapies for specific clinical indications during and after breast cancer treatment, including anxiety/stress, depression/mood disorders, fatigue, quality of life/physical functioning, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, lymphedema, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, pain, and sleep disturbance...
April 24, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436681/psychometric-validation-of-the-geriatric-suicide-ideation-scale-gsis-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#3
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith, Hamed Yaghoubi-Shahir, David B King
OBJECTIVES: Across age groups, bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions; 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt. Psychometrically sound instruments are required to reliably measure suicide ideation and risk of self-harm for older adults with BD. For this study, we validate the geriatric suicide ideation scale (GSIS) with adults 50+ years with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD (M = 58...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#4
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435104/drosophila-pink1-and-parkin-loss-of-function-mutants-display-a-range-of-non-motor-parkinson-s-disease-phenotypes
#5
Hannah Julienne, Edgar Buhl, David S Leslie, James J L Hodge
Parkinson's disease (PD) is more commonly associated with its motor symptoms and the related degeneration of dopamine (DA) neurons. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that PD patients also display a wide range of non-motor symptoms, including memory deficits and disruptions of their sleep-wake cycles. These have a large impact on their quality of life, and often precede the onset of motor symptoms, but their etiology is poorly understood. The fruit fly Drosophila has already been successfully used to model PD, and has been used extensively to study relevant non-motor behaviours in other contexts, but little attention has yet been paid to modelling non-motor symptoms of PD in this genetically tractable organism...
April 20, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434095/patient-reported-outcomes-in-cancer-survivors-a-population-wide-cross-sectional-study
#6
Michael Jefford, Andrew C Ward, Karolina Lisy, Karen Lacey, Jon D Emery, Adam W Glaser, Hannah Cross, Mei Krishnasamy, Sue-Anne McLachlan, Jim Bishop
PURPOSE: There is a lack of robust population-based data regarding the lived experience of cancer survivors. This study assessed the quality of life (QoL) of survivors of breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma or melanoma 1, 3 and 5 years post-diagnosis. Associations between various demographic and disease-related factors and QoL were assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional postal survey was undertaken. Eligible participants were identified from a population-based cancer registry...
April 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432855/a-systematic-review-of-psychotherapeutic-interventions-for-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-context-matters
#7
REVIEW
Lisa Beatty, Emma Kemp, Phyllis Butow, Afaf Girgis, Penelope Schofield, Jane Turner, Nicholas J Hulbert-Williams, Janelle V Levesque, Bogda Koczwara
OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence-base of psychological interventions for women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), by mode of delivery (group, individual, or low-intensity interventions). To synthesise data regarding core intervention-elements (e.g., intervention duration) and context factors (trial setting, uptake and adherence, demographic characteristics). METHODS: Four databases were searched (inception - May 2016): MEDLINE (OvidSP), PsycINFO (OvidSP), CINAHL (EBSCO), and SCOPUS; reference lists were examined for additional publications...
April 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432269/altered-sleep-patterns-in-patients-with-non-functional-ghrh-receptor
#8
Francielle T Oliveira, Roberto Salvatori, Jose' Marcondes, Larissa B Macena, Alecia A Oliveira-Santos, Augusto Cn Faro, Viviane C Campos, Carla R Oliveira, Ursula Mm Costa, Manuel Aguiar-Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: GH releasing hormone (GHRH) exerts hypnotic actions increasing non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Conversely, GH stimulates REM sleep. GH deficiency (GHD) often leads to sleep problems, daytime fatigue, and reduced quality of life (QoL). GHD may be due to lack of hypothalamic GHRH or destruction of somatotroph cells. We have described a cohort with isolated GHD (IGHD) due to GHRH resistance caused by a homozygous null mutation in the GHRH receptor gene. They have normal QoL and no obvious complaints of chronic tiredness...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432040/usability-acceptability-and-adherence-to-an-electronic-self-monitoring-system-in-patients-with-major-depression-discharged-from-inpatient-wards
#9
Lise Lauritsen, Louise Andersen, Emilia Olsson, Stine Rauff Søndergaard, Lasse Benn Nørregaard, Philip Kaare Løventoft, Signe Dunker Svendsen, Erik Frøkjær, Hans Mørch Jensen, Ida Hageman, Lars Vedel Kessing, Klaus Martiny
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from depression have a high risk of relapse and readmission in the weeks following discharge from inpatient wards. Electronic self-monitoring systems that offer patient-communication features are now available to offer daily support to patients, but the usability, acceptability, and adherence to these systems has only been sparsely investigated. OBJECTIVE: We aim to test the usability, acceptability, adherence, and clinical outcome of a newly developed computer-based electronic self-assessment system (the Daybuilder system) in patients suffering from depression, in the period from discharge until commencing outpatient treatment in the Intensive Outpatient Unit for Affective Disorders...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431823/sleepiness-and-activity-in-heart-failure-patients-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-and-central-sleep-disordered-breathing
#10
Angela Atalla, Thomas W Carlisle, Anita K Simonds, Martin R Cowie, Mary J Morrell
OBJECTIVE: Patients with heart failure (HF) and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) are typically not sleepy, unlike patients without heart failure. Previous work in HF patients with obstructive SDB suggested that sleepiness was associated with a reduction in daytime activity. The consequences of predominately central SDB on sleepiness in HF are less well understood. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that subjective sleepiness is associated with reduced daytime activity in HF patients with central SDB, compared to those without SDB...
January 23, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431503/understanding-the-impact-of-symptoms-on-the-burden-of-copd
#11
REVIEW
Marc Miravitlles, Anna Ribera
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) imposes a substantial burden on individuals with the disease, which can include a range of symptoms (breathlessness, cough, sputum production, wheeze, chest tightness) of varying severities. We present an overview of the biomedical literature describing reported relationships between COPD symptoms and disease burden in terms of quality of life, health status, daily activities, physical activity, sleep, comorbid anxiety, and depression, as well as risk of exacerbations and disease prognosis...
April 21, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431122/the-sense-study-treatment-mechanisms-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-improvement-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#12
Matthew Blake, Orli Schwartz, Joanna M Waloszek, Monika Raniti, Julian G Simmons, Greg Murray, Laura Blake, Ronald E Dahl, Richard Bootzin, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
Objective: The aim of this study was to test whether a cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based sleep intervention could improve sleep and anxiety on school nights in a group of at-risk adolescents. We also examined whether benefits to sleep and anxiety would be mediated by improvements in sleep hygiene awareness and pre-sleep hyperarousal. Method: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (Female=60%; Mean Age=14...
April 18, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430534/chronobiological-factors-for-compassion-satisfaction-and-fatigue-among-ambulatory-oncology-caregivers
#13
Daniela Bellicoso, Maureen Trudeau, Margaret I Fitch, Martin R Ralph
Primary caregivers for victims of chronic illness and or trauma experience both positive and negative emotional consequences. These are broadly classified as compassion satisfaction (CS) and compassion fatigue (CF). Because one of the components of CF, burnout, varies with chronotype and sleep quality, we assessed the influence of chronobiological features on the broader constructs of CS and CF. Responses from primary ambulatory care oncology staff working dayshifts were assessed for potential relationships of chronotype and sleep quality with CS and CF using the professional quality of life scale...
April 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429245/assessing-pruritus-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Allard R J V Vossen, Annelien Schoenmakers, Kelsey R van Straalen, Errol P Prens, Hessel H van der Zee
BACKGROUND: Pruritus is still a forgotten aspect of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and, to date, has never been adequately studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, and explore the characteristics, of pruritus in a well-defined cohort of HS patients. SETTING: An academic hospital-based cross-sectional study in The Netherlands. METHODS: A numerical rating scale (NRS, 0-10) was used to determine the prevalence of HS-related itch (NRS score ≥3)...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427459/subjective-perceived-impact-of-tai-chi-training-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-older-adults-at-risk-for-ischemic-stroke-a-qualitative-study
#15
Guohua Zheng, Zhenyu Xiong, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Dalu Qi, Kun Ling, Lidian Chen
BACKGROUND: Evidence from quantitative studies suggest that Tai Chi produces a variety of health-related benefits, but few qualitative studies have investigated how older adults perceive the benefit of Tai Chi. The objective of the current study was to qualitatively evaluate the perceived benefits of Tai Chi practice among community older population. METHODS: This study was conducted with participants from a trial examining the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi training on ischemic stroke risk in community older adults (n = 170)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426389/melatonin-and-circadian-rhythms-in-autism-case-report
#16
Gabriela Melloni Zuculo, Bruno S B Gonçalves, Clay Brittes, Luiz Menna-Barreto, Luciana Pinato
Among the most co-occurring conditions in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), there are sleep disorders which may exacerbate associated behavioral disorders and lead to intensification of existing autistic symptoms. Several studies investigating the use of melatonin in the treatment of sleep disorders in ASD have shown comparative efficiency in sleep with little or no side effects. Here we report a case of ASD with non-24-hour rhythm and the effect of melatonin in circadian parameters by actigraphy. Visual analysis of the first 10 days recorded and the periodogram suggest that this patient showed a non-24-hour rhythm...
2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425691/health-implications-of-new-age-technologies
#17
Zaid Bilgrami, Laura McLaughlin, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
New age technologies are ubiquitous in the lives of adolescents. Recent trends in media use suggest that adolescents are spending more time than ever engaging with technologies, and are able to do so in virtually all settings at any time. Given that new age technologies are so heavily integrated within the daily life of adolescents, the health risks and benefits they offer must be closely examined. In this systematic review, we present recent literature related to the implications of new age technologies on adolescent health...
April 20, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425642/the-priamo-study-urinary-dysfunction-as-a-marker-of-disease-progression-in-early-parkinson-s-disease
#18
M Picillo, R Palladino, P Barone, R Erro, C Colosimo, R Marconi, L Morgante, A Antonini
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: New venues are currently being explored to predict disease progression in Parkinson's disease (PD), such as non-motor subtypes and models merging motor and non-motor symptoms (NMS). By involving a subgroup of 585 patients from the PRIAMO (Parkinson Disease Non-motor Symptoms) study, the present 24-month longitudinal prospective analysis aimed to demonstrate that urinary dysfunction is an early marker of higher motor and non-motor burden as well as lower health-related quality of life...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425178/sleep-quality-clinical-and-psychological-manifestations-in-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Virginia Moraleda, Germán Prados, María P Martínez, Ana I Sánchez, José M Sabio, Elena Miró
AIM: Sleep problems are a common complaint in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. We analyzed sleep quality with subjective and objective measures in a sample with SLE and its possible relationships with the main manifestations of the disease. METHODS: Twenty-one women with SLE and 20 healthy women participated in the study. All participants were evaluated with actigraphy for a week and they completed self-report instruments of sleep quality, quality of life, fatigue, anxiety, depression and perceived stress...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425062/patients-lived-experiences-of-nocturia-a-qualitative-study-of-the-evening-the-night-and-the-next-day
#20
Andrew Trigg, Fredrik L Andersson, Natalie V J Aldhouse, Donald L Bliwise, Helen Kitchen
BACKGROUND: Nocturia, waking to urinate two or more times during the night, is a chronic condition associated with significant patient burden due to sleep disruption. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of patients with nocturia in terms of the disruption to their lives during the night and day. METHODS: Adult patients in the US diagnosed with nocturia were recruited for face-to-face qualitative interviews. Thematic analysis of patients' narratives, taking a phenomenological interpretative approach, summarised their experiences throughout the night and day, including any apparent contrasts between patients...
April 19, 2017: Patient
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