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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102484/the-role-played-by-gender-and-age-on-poor-sleep-quality-among-institutionalized-adolescents
#1
Ladyodeyse da Cunha Silva Santiago, Rafael Marinho Falcão Batista, Maria Julia Lyra, Breno Quintella Farah, Rodrigo Pinto Pedrosa, Ana Patrícia Siqueira Tavares Falcão, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo, Marcos André Moura Dos Santos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence and association between sleep quality with gender and age and to examine the relation between age and the components of the PSQI in institutionalized adolescents. METHODS: High school internal students of both genders, aged between 14 and 19 years old, were analyzed. After a full clinical evaluation, the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index Score was obtained from all participants. RESULTS: We studied 210 participants [male: 15...
January 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102437/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-medical-qigong-and-standard-exercise-therapy-on-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#2
B L Vanderbyl, M J Mayer, C Nash, A T Tran, T Windholz, T Swanson, G Kasymjanova, R T Jagoe
PURPOSE: Patients with advanced cancer frequently experience anxiety, depression and poor quality of life (QOL), as well as physical symptoms such as fatigue and weakness. Physical exercise has potential to help control these symptoms but the optimal training prescription is still not clear. We performed a study comparing medical Qigong (QG) and standard endurance and strength training (SET) in patients with advanced stage non-small cell lung (NSCLC) and gastrointestinal (GI) cancers...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102087/relationship-quality-of-persons-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome
#3
Francesco Tramonti, Michelangelo Maestri, Luca Carnicelli, Giulia Fava, Valentina Lombardi, Martina Rossi, Monica Fabbrini, Elisa Di Coscio, Elena Iacopini, Enrica Bonanni
In the field of sleep disorders, the quality of couple relationship is arousing increasing attention, given its implications for quality of life and treatment adherence. The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship quality in a sample of treated or untreated patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome. Eighty-seven patients were recruited in a hospital-based Centre for Sleep Medicine. Subjects were administered the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) to evaluate relationship quality, and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101894/sleep-quality-and-body-mass-index-a-co-twin-study
#4
Juan J Madrid-Valero, José M Martínez-Selva, Juan R Ordoñana
There is a consistent relationship between body mass index and sleep quality. However, the directionality and possible confounding factors of this relationship are unclear. Our aim is to confirm the association between sleep quality and body mass index, independent of possible genetic confounding, as well as to provide some indirect inferences about the directionality of this association. The co-twin study design was used to analyse the body mass index-sleep relationship in a sample of 2150 twins. We selected two parallel sub-samples of twins discordant for body mass index (n = 430 pairs), or discordant for sleep quality (n = 316 pairs)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101753/effect-and-safety-of-paroxetine-combined-with-zolpidem-in-treatment-of-primary-insomnia
#5
Z H Yu, X H Xu, S D Wang, M F Song, Y Liu, Y Yin, H J Mao, G Z Tang
PURPOSE: Primary insomnia is a persistent and recurrent disorder as well as a risk factor for depression. The aim of this study was to determine whether the zolpidem combined with paroxetine would be effective in the treatment of patients with primary insomnia. METHODS: Ninety patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for primary insomnia were randomly assigned to 8 weeks of treatment with zolpidem combined with paroxetine (the combined treatment group, n = 45) or zolpidem combined with placebo (the control group, n = 45)...
January 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100244/is-aclidinium-alone-or-combined-with-a-laba-a-rational-choice-for-symptomatic-copd-patients
#6
REVIEW
F Blasi, G W Canonica, M Miravitlles
BACKGROUND: As emphasized by international recommendations and largely confirmed by clinical experience, long-acting bronchodilators play a central role in the maintenance treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) due to their proven efficacy in reducing airflow obstruction and improving symptoms. MAIN BODY: There are some important aspects to define with regard to inhalation therapy for COPD, particularly those concerning the selection criteria and the optimal use of long-acting bronchodilators...
January 18, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099596/impact-of-chronic-urticaria-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-followed-up-at-a-university-hospital
#7
Gabriela Andrade Coelho Dias, Gisele Viana Pires, Solange Oliveira Rodrigues do Valle, Sérgio Duarte Dortas, Soloni Levy, Alfeu Tavares França, Ilaria Baiardini, Walter Giorgio Canonica
BACKGROUND: Chronic urticaria is a debilitating disease that considerably affects health-related quality of life, and the Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire is the only questionnaire specifically designed for its evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of life of patients with chronic urticaria, using the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire. METHODS: The Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire was self-administered in 112 chronic urticaria patients and disease activity was assessed through the Urticaria Activity Score...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099559/pain-induced-depression-is-related-to-overestimation-of-sleep-quality-in-a-very-elderly-population-with-pain
#8
Ricardo Humberto Felix, Carla Bezerra Lopes Almeida, Renata Carvalho Cremaschi, Fernando Morgadinho Coelho, Fânia Cristina Santos
Objective: To study the quality of sleep in very elderly people with chronic pain. Methods: We investigated 51 very elderly people without dementia and with chronic pain according to the Geriatric Pain Measure. Katz and Lawton questionnaires were used to evaluate functionality. The Geriatric Depression Scale and Geriatric Psychosocial Assessment of Pain-induced Depression were also used. Self-perceptions of sleep and quality of sleep were checked using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
January 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098495/psychometric-characteristics-of-the-insomnia-severity-index-in-veterans-with-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Christopher N Kaufmann, Henry J Orff, Raeanne C Moore, Lisa Delano-Wood, Colin A Depp, Dawn M Schiehser
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) is a widely used self-report measure of insomnia symptoms. However, to date this measure has not been validated or well-characterized in veterans who have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study assessed the psychometric properties and convergent, divergent, construct, and discriminate validity of the ISI in veterans with a history of TBI. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-three veterans with history of TBI were seen in the VA San Diego Healthcare System as part of a research protocol...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098478/the-work-family-interface-and-sleep-quality
#10
Christopher A Magee, Laura D Robinson, Alisha McGregor
OBJECTIVE: This article investigated whether work-to-family conflict (WFC) and work-to-family enrichment (WFE) were associated with employee sleep quality. WFC and WFE reflect the potential for experiences at work to negatively and positively influence nonworking life respectively, and may have implications for sleep quality. In this article, we examined whether WFC and WFE were linked with sleep quality via hedonic balance (i.e., positive affect relative to negative affect). PARTICIPANTS: The sample included 3,170 employed Australian parents involved in the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098176/comorbid-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-its-association-with-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#11
Yongjie Zhou, Zhongqiang Cao, Mei Yang, Xiaoyan Xi, Yiyang Guo, Maosheng Fang, Lijuan Cheng, Yukai Du
The comorbidity of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is common and often predicts poorer outcomes than either disorder alone. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of comorbid GAD and its association with quality of life (QOL) among MDD patients. A total of 1225 psychiatric outpatients were screened using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Those who scored ≥8 on the HADS were interviewed using DSM-IV criteria by two senior psychiatrists. Patients diagnosed with MDD were further assessed using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and World Health Organization QOL Scale, brief version (WHOQOL-BREF)...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098100/impact-of-residual-renal-function-on-clinical-outcome-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#12
Manns Manohar John, Amit Gupta, Raj K Sharma, Anupama Kaul
We studied the impact of residual renal function (RRF) on clinical outcome and quality of life in 61 patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). They were assigned to two groups, at the time of initiation of PD, based on their estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The high RRF group had eGFR ≥5 mL/min/1.73 m[2] and the low RRF group hade GFR <5 mL/min/1.73 m[2]. All patients were followed up at regular intervals for clinical and biochemical variables. Baselines characteristics including age, sex, body mass index and cause of the kidney disease were similar in both groups...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096882/design-and-methods-of-the-mood-disorder-cohort-research-consortium-mdcrc-study
#13
Chul-Hyun Cho, Yong-Min Ahn, Se Joo Kim, Tae Hyun Ha, Hong Jin Jeon, Boseok Cha, Eunsoo Moon, Dong Yeon Park, Ji Hyun Baek, Hee-Ju Kang, Vin Ryu, Hyonggin An, Heon-Jeong Lee
The Mood Disorder Cohort Research Consortium (MDCRC) study is designed as a naturalistic observational prospective cohort study for early-onset mood disorders (major depressive disorders, bipolar disorders type 1 and 2) in South Korea. The study subjects consist of two populations: 1) patients with mood disorders under 25 years old and 2) patients with mood disorders within 2 years of treatment under 35 years old. After successful screening, the subjects are evaluated using baseline assessments and serial follow-up assessments at 3-month intervals...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096515/tonsillectomy-versus-watchful-waiting-for-recurrent-throat-infection-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Anna Morad, Nila A Sathe, David O Francis, Melissa L McPheeters, Sivakumar Chinnadurai
CONTEXT: The effectiveness of tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy ("tonsillectomy") for recurrent throat infection compared with watchful waiting is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To compare sleep, cognitive, behavioral, and health outcomes of tonsillectomy versus watchful waiting in children with recurrent throat infections. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Two investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096514/tonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Sivakumar Chinnadurai, Atia K Jordan, Nila A Sathe, Christopher Fonnesbeck, Melissa L McPheeters, David O Francis
CONTEXT: The effectiveness of tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy (hereafter, "tonsillectomy") for obstructive sleep-disordered breathing (OSDB) compared with watchful waiting with supportive care is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To compare sleep, cognitive or behavioral, and health outcomes of tonsillectomy versus watchful waiting with supportive care in children with OSDB. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Two investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#16
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095973/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-its-treatments-on-partners-a-literature-review
#17
Faith S Luyster
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Many adults sleep with a significant other; thus, sleep disorder symptoms and treatments of one partner are likely to impact the other partner's health. A literature review was conducted to examine the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and OSA treatments on partner-assessed sleep and daytime functioning and partner involvement in OSA treatment. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL searches yielded 38 pertinent quantitative and qualitative studies that described sleep and/or daytime functioning assessed in partners of patients with untreated OSA, sleep and/or daytime functioning assessed in partners who were referred for OSA treatment, including continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, oral appliance (OA), or surgery, and/or associations between partner involvement and OSA treatment use...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095972/sex-specific-difference-in-the-association-between-poor-sleep-quality-and-abdominal-obesity-in-rural-chinese-a-large-population-based-study
#18
Ru-Qing Liu, Zhengmin Qian, Si-Quan Wang, Michael G Vaughn, Sarah Dee Geiger, Hong Xian, Shao Lin, Gunther Paul, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Bo-Yi Yang, Li-Wen Hu, Shu-Li Xu, Mo Yang, Guang-Hui Dong
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Existing studies on sleep quality and associated obesity are inconsistent, and few studies have prospectively evaluated the association between sleep quality and abdominal obesity among Chinese individuals. To fill this void, the current study aimed to assess the association between sleep quality and abdominal obesity in a rural Chinese population. METHODS: A representative sample of 9,404 adults aged 20-93 y in northeastern China was selected between 2012 and 2013 by a multistage cluster and random sampling method...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095968/catathrenia-nocturnal-groaning-a-social-media-survey-and-state-of-the-art-review
#19
Jose Alonso, Macario Camacho, Dinesh K Chhetri, Christian Guilleminault, Soroush Zaghi
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Catathrenia is an underrecognized nocturnal vocalization phenomenon that can be a source of perplexity to patients, bed partners, and medical providers. Catathrenia is distinct from both sleep talking (a parasomnia with loud talking during sleep) and snoring (noise due to vibration of upper airway soft tissues related to variations in airway resistance). The objective of this review is to provide an evidence-based resource to help the practitioner reliably evaluate and manage patients with this condition...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095943/sleep-disturbances-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-systematic-review
#20
Kirstin F Maltby, Christine R Sanderson, Elizabeth A Lobb, Jane L Phillips
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbances are a common issue for those who provide informal care to someone with a life-limiting condition. The negative consequences of poor sleep are well documented. The purpose of the present study was to determine the sleep patterns of caregivers of patients with advanced cancer. METHOD: An extensive systematic review of studies reporting empirical sleep data was undertaken in 2015 in accordance with the PRISMA Statement. A total of eight electronic databases were searched, with no date restrictions imposed...
January 18, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
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