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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616670/migration-of-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-catheter-through-the-processus-vaginalis-in-infants-how-serious-inguinal-hernia-and-hydrocele-might-be
#1
Maria Fernandez-Ibieta, Vanesa Villamil, Juan Martinez-Lage
Migration of the catheter tip of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) through a patent processus vaginalis (PV) has seldom being reported. In this series, we analyzed all cases of inguinoscrotal migration of an VPS catheter at our center. Between 1975 and 2015, 295 VPS insertions were performed. In seven infants (2.3%), migration of the catheter through a patent PV was demonstrated. Cases with hydroceles had associated VPS malfunction, but cases with hernias were not associated with it. The current recommendation is to delay a PV closure until 2 years of age in cases of infants with hydrocele without further radiological examinations, but this might not be the case in infants with VPS...
June 14, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602145/neural-correlate-of-internet-use-in-patients-undergoing-psychological-treatment-for-internet-addiction
#2
Carlo Lai, Daniela Altavilla, Marianna Mazza, Silvia Scappaticci, Renata Tambelli, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Luciani, Stefano Corvino, David Martinelli, Flaminia Alimonti, Federico Tonioni
BACKGROUND: The new version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5th) proposed the Internet Gaming Disorder for the diagnosis of Internet addiction (IA) considering the neurobiological evidence of the craving. AIMS: The aim was to test the neural correlate in response to the Internet cue in patients with IA. METHODS: Sixteen males with IA diagnosis (clinical group) and 14 healthy male (control group) were recruited for an experimental visual task composed of Internet images and emotional images...
June 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590360/laparoscopic-total-extraperitoneal-tep-inguinal-hernia-repair-using-3-dimensional-mesh-without-mesh-fixation
#3
Tolga Aliyazicioglu, Tunc Yalti, Burcak Kabaoglu
BACKGROUND: Approximately one fifth of patients suffer from inguinal pain after laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair. There is existing literature suggesting that the staples used to fix the mesh can cause postoperative inguinal pain. In this study, we describe our experience with laparoscopic TEP inguinal hernia surgery using 3-dimensional mesh without mesh fixation, in our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 300 patients who had undergone laparoscopic TEP inguinal hernia repair with 3-dimensional mesh in VKV American Hospital, Istanbul from November 2006 to November 2015 were studied retrospectively...
June 5, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586606/varicocele-embolization-following-failure-of-varicocelectomy-a-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#4
Zain Badar, Michael Rachun, Zerwa Farooq, Megan Calabrese, Anthony Mohamed, Mohammed Jawed
Varicocelectomy remains the same mainstay of treatment for varicoceles. However, with growing focus on minimally invasive techniques, recent literature has investigated the use of venous embolization for the treatment of varicoceles in patients with recurrence after surgical treatment. Embolization has many advantages, including use of local anaesthesia, lower operating time, decreased risk of hydrocele and faster recovery times. In addition to this direct visualization of the vasculature during embolization allows for identification of any anatomic variants or collateral vessel accounting for the recurrence...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580058/hydrocele-in-the-canal-of-nuck-ct-appearance-of-a-developmental-groin-anomaly
#5
Varun Sethi, Harshad Patel
Hydrocele in the Canal of Nuck is a condition of female fetal development. The Canal of Nuck is a patent tubular peritoneal fold that travels with the round ligament to its attachment on the labia major. Failure of complete obliteration of the Canal of Nuck during fetal development predisposes females to development of a hydrocele or an inguinal hernia during post-pubertal or adult stages. We present a case of a 21 year old female with a tender reducible labial mass diagnosed as a Hydrocele in the Canal of Nuck...
November 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570585/prevalence-of-depression-and-associated-clinical-and-socio-demographic-factors-in-people-living-with-lymphatic-filariasis-in-plateau-state-nigeria
#6
James Obindo, Jibril Abdulmalik, Emeka Nwefoh, Michael Agbir, Charles Nwoga, Aishatu Armiya'u, Francis Davou, Kurkat Maigida, Emmanuel Otache, Ajuma Ebiloma, Samuel Dakwak, John Umaru, Elisha Samuel, Christopher Ogoshi, Julian Eaton
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis is a chronic, disabling and often disfiguring condition that principally impacts the world's poorest people. In addition to the well-recognised physical disability associated with lymphedema and hydrocele, affected people often experience rejection, stigma and discrimination. The resulting emotional consequences are known to impact on the quality of life and the functioning of the affected individuals. However, the management of this condition has focused on prevention and treatment through mass drug administration, with scant attention paid to the emotional impact of the condition on affected individuals...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567405/applying-a-mobile-survey-tool-for-assessing-lymphatic-filariasis-morbidity-in-mtwara-municipal-council-of-tanzania
#7
Upendo J Mwingira, Philip Downs, Cecilia Uisso, Maria Chikawe, Matthieu Sauvage-Mar, Mwelecele N Malecela, Kathryn Crowley, Jeremiah M Ngondi
BACKGROUND: A number of methods have been used to estimate lymphatic filariasis (LF) morbidity, including: routine programmatic data, cluster random surveys and the "town crier" method. Currently, few accurate data exist on the global LF morbidity burden in Tanzania. We aimed to estimate prevalence of lymphedema and hydrocele in Mtwara Municipal Council using mobile phone based survey. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among adults of Mtwara Municipal council with access to mobile phones...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567329/carcinosarcoma-of-the-tunica-vaginalis-following-radiation-therapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#8
Charles D Viers, Subodh M Lele, Tara Kirkpatrick, Chad A LaGrange
Spermatic cord tumors (SCTs) are rare neoplasms with 80% exhibiting benign pathology. Of the malignant SCTs, 90% are sarcomas. To date there has only been one documented case of primary CS of the spermatic cord which occurred in a 40 year old with no reported medical history. A 76-year-old male with a history of biopsy proven Gleason score 7 (3 + 4) prostatic adenocarcinoma underwent external beam radiation therapy (7920 cGy) in 44 fractions in 2004. He presented with a 3 year history of an asymptomatic right hydrocele...
July 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559772/classifying-hydroceles-of-the-pelvis-and-groin-an-overview-of-etiology-secondary-complications-evaluation-and-management
#9
REVIEW
Gautam Dagur, Jason Gandhi, Yiji Suh, Steven Weissbart, Yefim R Sheynkin, Noel L Smith, Gargi Joshi, Sardar Ali Khan
INTRODUCTION: A hydrocele is defined as the pathological buildup of serous fluid in the pelvis and groin due to various etiologies such as diseases or trauma. It has distinct clinical manifestations, particularly discomfort and psychosocial distress. Understanding the anatomy, embryology, and physiology associated with hydrocele formation is crucial to understand its onset and progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A MEDLINE(®) search was conducted using keywords for the relevant classification of hydrocele and its etiology, complications, sexual barriers, evaluation, and management...
April 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551604/abdominoscrotal-hydrocele-in-an-infant-boy
#10
Eliana Costantino, George S Ganesan, J Chadwick Plaire
Abdominoscrotal hydrocele (ASH) is the rarest type of hydrocele. This condition is characterised by a large abdominal and scrotal component connected by an isthmus within the inguinal canal. The incidence among the paediatric population is reported to be less than 3%, although it might be underdiagnosed. Several theories have been proposed in the literature but the aetiology of ASH remains unknown. Diagnosis can be made clinically and confirmed by ultrasound. Spontaneous resolution is rare and long-standing ASH may lead to complications, thus early surgical intervention is recommended...
May 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523038/a-comparison-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-testicular-volume-and-blood-flow-in-patients-with-inguinal-hernia-hydrocele-and-cord-cyst-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Ahmet Ali Tuncer, Tamer Peker, Mehtap Berke Acar, Didem Baskin Embleton, Salih Cetinkursun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of inguinal operations performed with a modified Ferguson technique upon testicular volume and blood flow. METHODS: This study involved 23 children receiving surgery for inguinal hernia, hydrocele, and cord cyst. This was a prospective study performed between April 2016 and June 2016 in a medical faculty pediatric surgery unit. The color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) was used to assess testicular volume and blood flow before and after a modified Ferguson technique surgery...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493163/a-comparison-between-totally-laparoscopic-hydrocelectomy-and-scrotal-incision-hydrocelectomy-with-laparoscopic-high-ligation-for-pediatric-cord-hydrocele
#12
Byung Seo Choi, Geon Young Byun, Seong Bae Hwang, Bum Hwan Koo, Sung Ryul Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to report clinical characteristics and to investigate the feasibility and safety of totally laparoscopic hydrocelectomy (TLH) compared to scrotal incision hydrocelectomy with laparoscopic high ligation (SIH) for pediatric cord hydrocele (CH). METHODS: From September 2011 to February 2016, 148 patients underwent SIH, and 342 patients underwent TLH for CH. In the TLH group, a large hydrocele that could not pass through the internal ring was removed after percutaneous syringe aspiration...
May 10, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465160/laparoscopic-intra-abdominal-patent-processus-vaginalis-ligation-in-pediatric-urology-practice
#13
Nima Baradaran, Case M Wood, Olugbemisola O McCoy, Michaella M Prasad, Andrew A Stec
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Inguinal hernias and communicating hydroceles from a patent processus vaginalis (PPV) are common problems in children. This study provides a detailed description of the laparoscopic intra-abdominal patent processus vaginalis ligation (LIPPL) procedure along with its results in pediatric urology patients. METHODS: Prospectively collected data were captured from children (<18 years) who underwent LIPPL from 2012 to 2014. Demographics as well as postoperative characteristics were reviewed and descriptively analyzed...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444423/canal-of-nuck-hernia-a-multimodality-imaging-review
#14
REVIEW
Mitchell A Rees, James E Squires, Sameh Tadros, Judy H Squires
Canal of Nuck abnormalities are a rare but important cause of morbidity in girls, most often those younger than 5 years of age. The canal of Nuck, which is the female equivalent of the male processus vaginalis, is a protrusion of parietal peritoneum that extends through the inguinal canal and terminates in the labia majora. The canal typically obliterates early in life, but in some cases the canal can partially or completely fail to close, potentially resulting in a hydrocele or hernia of pelvic contents. Recognition of this entity is especially important in cases of ovarian hernia due to the risk of incarceration and torsion...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424930/comparison-of-laparoscopic-hernia-repair-and-open-herniotomy-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
L L Zhu, W J Xu, J B Liu, X Huang, Z B Lv
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic hernia repair in infancy and childhood is still debatable. The objective of this study is to compare laparoscopic-assisted hernia repair (LH) versus open herniotomy (OH) as regards operative time, postoperative complications, recurrence rate, and contralateral metachronous hernia rate. METHODS: We analyzed all the patients with inguinal hernia who underwent surgery in our hospital from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015. There were 1125 patients, of which 202 patients received laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (group A) and 923 patients received open herniotomy (group B)...
April 19, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424863/current-practice-regarding-timing-of-patent-processus-vaginalis-ligation-for-idiopathic-hydrocele-in-young-boys-a-survey-of-uk-surgeons
#16
Matthew Jobson, Nigel J Hall
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the current UK practice regarding timing of surgical repair of hydroceles in young boys. METHODS: Through a validated, online survey, participants were asked their preferred management option in five different clinical scenarios across five age ranges. RESULTS: 71 responses were included in the analysis. The most common age to offer surgical intervention for a congenital hydrocele that is stable or increasing in size, or a hydrocele of the cord is 24-36 months...
June 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416299/malignant-mesothelioma-of-the-tunica-vaginalis-testis-outcomes-following-surgical-management-beyond-radical-orchiectomy
#17
Pedro Recabal, Barak Rosenzweig, Wassim M Bazzi, Brett S Carver, Joel Sheinfeld
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical management and outcomes of a cohort of patients with malignant mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis (MMTVT) who received treatments beyond radical orchiectomy. METHODS: Patients with confirmed MMTVT at a single tertiary-care institution were identified. Treatments, pathologic outcomes, and survival were recorded. Prognostic variables associated with survival were analyzed with a Cox proportional hazards model and Kaplan-Meier curves...
April 14, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416252/hydroceles-not-just-for-men
#18
Danielle Biggs, Amy Patwa, Steve Gohsler
BACKGROUND: Hydroceles develop in females through the canal of Nuck. This canal is formed when the processes vaginalis fails to obliterate during development. The canal of Nuck can lead to the formation of not only hydroceles, but hernias as well. Although physicians typically think of hydroceles occurring in males, on rare occasions, they do occur in females because of this defect. They are often mistaken for incarcerated hernias, making ultrasound an excellent tool to distinguish between them and guide further treatment...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413379/effect-of-microsurgical-subinguinal-varicocele-repair-on-chronic-dull-scrotal-pain-in-men-with-grade-ii-iii-lesions
#19
Saad Elzanaty, Claus E Johansen
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of microsurgical subinguinal varicocele repair in patients with grade II-III lesions and chronic dull scrotal pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 29 patients with grade II-III varicocele and chronic dull scrotal pain that had a microsurgical subinguinal varicocele repair were included in the study. They were followed-up for 6-12 months including pain assessment and scrotal examination. RESULTS: Of the 29 patients, 28 (97%) reported complete resolution of pain with no palpable varicocele on scrotal examination...
January 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403493/-acute-idiopathic-scrotal-oedema-differential-diagnosis-of-the-acute-scrotum
#20
Annette Schröder
Acute idiopathic scrotal edema (AISE) is regarded as a rare cause of scrotal pain, swelling and erythema. Testicular torsion, torsion of the appendage, epididymitis, hernia and hydrocele are the most common causes of acute scrotum. The clinical symptoms of AISE are usually mild and the characteristic Doppler sonography findings make it a valuable differential diagnosis, which can help to avoid unnecessary exploration.
February 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
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