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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900528/neonatal-adrenal-hemorrhage-presenting-as-acute-scrotum-looking-beyond-the-obvious-a-sonographic-insight
#1
Shuchi Bhatt, Mohammad Ahmad, Prerna Batra, Anupama Tandon, Satarupa Roy, Samrat Mandal
Acute swelling and discoloration of scrotum in new born can have many localized causes like testicular torsion, inguinal hernia, scrotal or testicular edema, hydrocele, or even remote causes like adrenal hemorrhage. We report a neonate of adrenal hemorrhage presenting clinically as acute scrotum misguiding the clinician to rule out a local scrotal pathology. As the local clinical examination is not reliable in a newborn, it definitely requires an imaging evaluation to establish the diagnosis. This case report emphasizes being aware of the clinical association of acute adrenal hemorrhage and an acute scrotum and the role of ultrasonography in the evaluation of the various differential diagnoses leading to an acute scrotum...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876683/histological-evaluation-of-smooth-muscle-cell-in-the-patent-processus-vaginalis
#2
S M R Gilbert, K S Hamunyela
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia is a common pathology that necessitates surgical treatment during childhood. Most uncomplicated inguinal scrotal pathologies are considered to occur due to incomplete obliteration of the processes vaginalis (PV). The incomplete obliteration is proposed to be due to the persistence of smooth muscle cell (SMC) in the PV after birth. Immuno-histochemical studies have been published to evaluate the diversity and differentiation of SMC phenotypes in the PV resected in patients' inguinal hernia and hydrocele...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834886/therapeutic-efficacy-and-safety-of-laparoscopic-surgery-versus-microsurgery-for-varicocele-of-adult-males-a-meta-analysis
#3
Xueliang Wu, Qingbo Liu, Ruiming Zhang, Wei Wang, Yong Gao
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to systemically evaluate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopy versus microsurgery in the surgical therapy of varicocele in male adults. METHODS: Relevant literature, published between January 1995 and October 2012, were searched in Pubmed/Medline database, OVID, EMBASE, Chinese Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc), CNKI, CEBM\CCD, and Cochrane database. The newly published papers were also manually searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) related to the surgical interventions of varicocele were included, and full texts were obtained...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831324/use-of-diagnostic-laparoscopy-for-identification-of-bilateral-noncommunicating-hydroceles-in-an-infant-with-right-sided-abdominoscrotal-mass-and-left-sided-scrotal-mass
#4
Kian Asanad, Pooya Banapour, Monica Metzdorf
Infantile abdominoscrotal hydrocele (ASH) is a rare condition characterized by a dumbbell-shaped cystic mass extending from the scrotum to the abdomen. We present the case of a 4-month-old infant who presented with progressively enlarging bilateral scrotal swelling and a tense, ballotable right-sided abdominal mass with extension into the scrotum. Scrotal ultrasound revealed bilateral hydroceles but exam and ultrasound could not rule out communication. At the time of planned hydrocelectomy, initial diagnostic laparoscopy was used to identify a massive right-sided ASH extending from the internal ring to the umbilicus and a large noncommunicating left-sided hydrocele that was visible with application of pressure to the left side of the scrotum...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831180/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-emplacement-by-advanced-laparoscopy-8-year-experience-from-a-medical-center-of-china
#5
Min Mo, Yongle Ju, Haitang Hu, Wei Zhang, Jianyi Pan, Qingkun Zheng, Jinzhong Chen, Lijuan Su, Xianrui Dou
Laparoscopic experience and relevant reports about PD catheter emplacement in Chinese patients are seldom. In this study, we described our experience with advanced laparoscopy for PD catheter implantation in Chinese patients. There were one hundred and thirty Chinese patients accepted advanced laparoscopic approach for PD catheter emplacement in this study. Six of 26 patients with prior abdominal operations had abdominal adhesion, while six of 104 patients without prior abdominal surgeries showed abdominal adhesion...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828375/community-based-field-implementation-scenarios-of-a-short-message-service-reporting-tool-for-lymphatic-filariasis-case-estimates-in-africa-and-asia
#6
Hayley E Mableson, Sarah Martindale, Michelle C Stanton, Charles Mackenzie, Louise A Kelly-Hope
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) targeted for global elimination by 2020. Currently there is considerable international effort to scale-up morbidity management activities in endemic countries, however there remains a need for rapid, cost-effective methods and adaptable tools for obtaining estimates of people presenting with clinical manifestations of LF, namely lymphoedema and hydrocele. The mHealth tool 'MeasureSMS-Morbidity' allows health workers in endemic areas to use their own mobile phones to send clinical information in a simple format using short message service (SMS)...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809065/case-of-hydrocele-testis-caused-by-vaginalitis-a-rare-manifestation-of-immunoglobulin%C3%A2-g4-related-disease
#7
Yuumi Tokura, Minoru Kobayashi, Takashi Kusakabe, Takao Kamai
We report an extremely rare manifestation of immunoglobulin G4-related disease, presented with hydrocele testis. A planned hydrocelectomy was converted to a high orchiectomy because of bloody fluid, suggestive of paratesticular malignancy. The histopathology showed vaginalitis, which was finally diagnosed as immunoglobulin G4-related disease. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of immunoglobulin G4-related disease representing hydrocele testis.
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809054/editorial-comment-to-case-of-hydrocele-testis-caused-by-vaginalitis-a-rare-manifestation-of-immunoglobulin-g4-related-disease
#8
Tetsuya Shindo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807743/two-decades-of-experience-with-laparoscopic-varicocele-repair-in-children-standardizing-the-technique
#9
Ciro Esposito, Maria Escolino, Marco Castagnetti, Mariapina Cerulo, Alessandro Settimi, Giuseppe Cortese, Francesco Turrà, Marta Iannazzone, Serena Izzo, Giuseppe Servillo
BACKGROUND: Controversy still exists about the indications and the gold standard approach for varicocele treatment in pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: The authors report their 23 years of experience in laparoscopic varicocele repair in the pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively evaluated the data of 345 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic left varicocelectomy from January 1993 to December 2015. Average patient age was 12...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799117/concurrent-hydrocelectomy-during-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-is-a-risk-factor-for-complications-and-reoperation-data-from-rural-haiti
#10
D P Kuwayama, J Augustin
PURPOSE: Series of conventional inguinal herniorrhaphy from low and middle income countries (LMICs) suggest elevated rates of morbidity, mortality, and recurrence, although the reasons remain incompletely understood. We sought to identify risk factors for adverse outcomes from inguinal herniorrhaphy performed in a resource-limited LMIC setting. METHODS: We performed mesh-free modified Bassini inguinal herniorrhaphies on 141 consecutive patients with 156 inguinal hernias over 10 months in rural Haiti...
August 10, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791527/impact-of-imatinib-on-the-fertility-of-male-patients-with-chronic-myelogenous-leukaemia-in-the-chronic-phase
#11
Xiaohui Chang, Lin Zhou, Xiaoxia Chen, Baoli Xu, Yubin Cheng, Shujun Sun, Meiyun Fang, Yang Xiang
BACKGROUND: Imatinib is a first-line tyrosine kinase inhibitor for treating chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) and has greatly improved the prognosis of this disease. An increasing number of CML patients of reproductive age are diagnosed each year, and the impact of imatinib on fertility is a major concern. Providing useful advice to these patients regarding the choice of their therapeutic treatment is very important. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact of imatinib on the fertility of male patients with CML in the chronic phase...
August 8, 2017: Targeted Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760557/testicular-metastasis-from-prostatic-adenocarcinoma-presenting-as-recurrent-epididymo-orchitis
#12
Kyle Waisanen, Tijani Osumah, Sneha S Vaish
OBJECTIVE: To present a rare case of testicular metastasis from prostatic adenocarcinoma origin and to provide a meaningful discussion of currently available supporting literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pertinent health information was obtained by retrospective analysis of hospital electronic medical records. RESULTS: A 93-year-old male with history of castration resistant prostatic adenocarcinoma presenting with recurrent episodes of epididymo-orchitis with Initial symptoms responsive to oral antibiotics...
July 28, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756911/the-current-status-of-molecular-xenomonitoring-for-lymphatic-filariasis-and-onchocerciasis
#13
REVIEW
Nils Pilotte, Thomas R Unnasch, Steven A Williams
The capacity of vector insect surveillance to provide estimates of pathogen prevalence and transmission potential has long been recognized within the global communities tasked with eliminating lymphatic filariasis (LF), the underlying cause of elephantiasis and hydrocele, and onchocerciasis (river blindness). Initially restricted to the practice of dissection, the potential of vector monitoring has grown due to the advent of molecular methods capable of increasing the sensitivity and throughput of testing. However, despite such advancement, operational research gaps remain...
July 27, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751002/laparoscopic-pediatric-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-controlled-randomized-study
#14
Mohamed Abd-Alrazek, Hatem Alsherbiny, Mohamad Mahfouz, Omar Alsamahy, Rafik Shalaby, Abdelmoniem Shams, Ahmed Elian, Yasser Ashour
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in infants and young children. Laparoscopic hernia repair in infancy and childhood is still debatable. There are many techniques available for laparoscopic hernia repair in pediatrics. The aim of the study is to compare laparoscopic intracorporeal purse-string suture ligation of the hernia defect leaving the sac intact versus disconnection of the hernia sac with intracorporeal suture of proximal part...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725616/chronic-orchialgia-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-evaluation
#15
REVIEW
John T Sigalos, Alexander W Pastuszak
Chronic orchialgia is a vexing condition defined as chronic or intermittent scrotal pain lasting at least three months that significantly interferes with daily activities. There are currently no guidelines regarding the diagnosis and management of this condition despite it being the cause of 2.5-4.8% of urologic clinic visits. Men often present with chronic orchialgia in their mid to late 30s, although the condition can present at any age. A broad differential diagnosis of chronic orchialgia includes epididymitis, testicular torsion, tumors, obstruction, varicocele, epididymal cysts, hydrocele, iatrogenic injury following vasectomy or hernia repair, and referred pain from a variety of sources including mid-ureteral stone, indirect inguinal hernia, aortic or common iliac artery aneurysms, lower back disorders, interstitial cystitis, and nerve entrapment due to perineural fibrosis; approximately 25-50% of chronic orchialgia is idiopathic in nature...
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712167/exploration-of-the-contralateral-groin-in-paediatric-inguinal-hernia-or-hydrocele-based-on-ultrasound-findings-is-it-justified
#16
Syed Hashim Zaidi, Javed Ur Rahman, Tariq Saeed Siddiqui, Habib Ur Rehman, Naveed Ahmed, Muhammad Omar Fraz
BACKGROUND: Routine exploration of contralateral side in cases of unilateral inguinal hernia or hydrocele is a highly debatable topic because of various reasons. The purpose of this study was to analyse whether the contralateral groin exploration in unilateral inguinal hernia/ hydrocele is justified or not, based on ultrasonographic measurements of the inguinal ring diameter. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at two naval hospitals, PNS Rahat and PNS Shifa in Karachi, Pakistan, from June 2007 to Aug 2012...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710555/efficacy-of-the-traditional-japanese-medicine-goreisan-for-the-resolution-of-spermatic-cord-hydrocele-in-children
#17
Noriko Takeda, Kiyoshi Tanaka, Eiichiro Watanabe, Tomo Kakihara, Masahiko Watanabe, Hisayoshi Kawahara
PURPOSE: Goreisan, a traditional Japanese medicine, has previously been used for hydrostatic modulation. This retrospective study investigated the efficacy of goreisan for spermatic cord hydrocele resolution in children. METHODS: Seventy-two boys treated for spermatic cord hydrocele between 2012 and 2015 were included; Goreisan was administered to 16 [group G, median age 3 (1-8) years], and 56 were followed without medication [group C, median age 1 (0-8) years]...
July 14, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701857/laparoscopic-single-site-inguinal-hernia-repair-using-a-self-fixating-mesh
#18
Alfredo D Guerron, Hui-Jie Lee, Jin Yoo, Keri Seymour, Ranjan Sudan, Dana Portenier, Chan Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Every year ∼20 million inguinal hernia repairs are completed worldwide. Increased patient access to medical information and education has elicited interest in minimally invasive surgical techniques that obtain improved surgical outcomes and cosmesis. Because of these factors, there is a growing interest in single-incision surgery. Laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) single-incision hernia repair technique has been reported with different meshes used in a tack fixation system...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676067/chronic-scrotal-pain-in-young-adults
#19
Misgav Rottenstreich, Yuval Glick, Ofer Natan Gofrit
OBJECTIVE: Chronic scrotal pain (CSP) is a common and well recognized symptom of young males presenting to primary care units. Historically, CSP is defined as a testicular pain lasting for over 3 months. However, its etiology and outcome are poorly understood and its management is largely empirical. This study was conducted to examine the frequency, spectrum of pathology and outcome of CSP among young adults. RESULTS: The medical records of 382,036 young males were reviewed for anamnestic information, physical findings, primary care physician decisions, and final outcome...
July 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647380/-lymphedema-of-the-lower-limbs-initial-manifestation-of-gastric-linitis-plastica
#20
S Nguyen, D Ouvrier, D Massalou, P Viau, A Chevallier, S Patouraux, T Passeron, J-P Lacour, H Montaudié
BACKGROUND: Primary lymphedemas are constitutional abnormalities of the lymphatic system. Secondary lymphedemas occur after damage to the lymphatic system, mainly after cancer treatments or tumour mass compression. There are many other causes, including filariasis, which is nonetheless very rare in France. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 52-year-old man presented with a two-month history of increased size of the left leg. He was asymptomatic and in good general condition...
June 21, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
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