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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735704/effect-of-remote-cesarean-delivery-on-complications-during-hysterectomy-a-cohort-study
#1
Susanne Hesselman, Ulf Högberg, Maria Jonsson
BACKGROUND: Cesarean section is frequently performed worldwide, and follow-up studies reporting complications at subsequent surgery are warranted. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the association between a previous abdominal delivery and complications during a subsequent hysterectomy, and to estimate the fraction of complications driven by the presence of adhesions. STUDY DESIGN: This was a longitudinal population based register study of 25354 women undergoing a benign hysterectomy at 46 hospital units in Sweden 2000-2014...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723743/analysis-of-hpv-distribution-in-patients-with-cervical-precancerous-lesions-in-western-china
#2
Kemin Li, Rutie Yin, Qingli Li, Danqing Wang
Cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a dangerous disease, whose subtypes exhibit different distribution patterns in particular countries, regions, and races. In this study, the HPV distribution in patients with cervical precancerous lesions in Western China was investigated to assess a probability for prevention of cervical cancer and the clinical application of an HPV vaccine in China. The retrospective study of patients with different HPV subtypes and cervical precancerous lesions, who have undergone loop eelectrosurgical excision procedure, cold knife conization, or a total hysterectomy in our hospital from January 2016 to August 2016, was performed...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700426/coexisting-primary-ovarian-and-omental-hydatid-disease-mimicking-an-ovarian-neoplasm-a-case-report
#3
Emre E Tas, Gulin F Yegin Akcay, Fatma Yildirim, Filiz Yavuz
Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection that most commonly affects the liver and lungs, although the disease can arise in any part of the body. Cysts may mimic many benign and malignant conditions. The diagnosis cannot be confirmed preoperatively in all cases. A 44-yr-old menopausal woman was admitted to the department of gynecology with complaints of abdominal distention. A fixed abdominopelvic mass was identified. Radiology revealed a 20-cm mass with branched septations and solid components. CA-125 level was 55 kU/L, and Risk of Malignancy Index-2 score was 880...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697103/chlorhexidine-alcohol-compared-with-povidone-iodine-for-preoperative-topical-antisepsis-for-abdominal-hysterectomy
#4
Shitanshu Uppal, Ali Bazzi, R Kevin Reynolds, John Harris, Mark D Pearlman, Darrell A Campbell, Daniel M Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To compare preoperative chlorhexidine-alcohol topical antiseptic agent with povidone-iodine in patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy for benign indications. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy from July 2012 to February 2015 in the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative was performed. The primary exposure was the use of chlorhexidine-alcohol or povidone-iodine. The primary outcome was surgical site infection within 30 days...
July 7, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692690/risk-of-surgical-site-infection-acute-kidney-injury-and-clostridium-difficile-infection-following-antibiotic-prophylaxis-with-vancomycin-plus-a-beta-lactam-versus-either-drug-alone-a-national-propensity-score-adjusted-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Westyn Branch-Elliman, John E Ripollone, William J O'Brien, Kamal M F Itani, Marin L Schweizer, Eli Perencevich, Judith Strymish, Kalpana Gupta
BACKGROUND: The optimal regimen for perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis is controversial. Use of combination prophylaxis with a beta-lactam plus vancomycin is increasing; however, the relative risks and benefits associated with this strategy are unknown. Thus, we sought to compare postoperative outcomes following administration of 2 antimicrobials versus a single agent for the prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs). Potential harms associated with combination regimens, including acute kidney injury (AKI) and Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), were also considered...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685798/cyto-colpo-histologic-correlation-about-an-analytical-study-of-120-colposcopies
#6
Olfa Slimani, Riadh Ben Temim, Tahar Makhlouf, Nabil Mathlouthi, Leila Attia
PROBLEM: Cervical cancer is the second gynecological cancer Tunisian women after breast. This is a sexually transmitted disease including the role of HPV has been proven. Cervical cancer screening is possible due to the accessibility of the cervix with a speculum examination and implementation of cervical smear. AIM OF THE WORK: To study the epidemiological and clinical data of patients, analyze the results of the Pap test, colposcopy and cervical biopsy staging are the lesions observed in colposcopy, compare the results of smears, colposcopy and cervical biopsy...
October 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680033/left-renal-vein-compression-syndrome-cracking-the-nut-of-clinical-dilemmas-three-cases-and-review-of-literature
#7
Waqas Javed Siddiqui, Abu Bakar, Muhammad Aslam, Hasan Arif, Brian A Bianco, Alexander E Trebelev, Ellie Kelepouris, Sandeep Aggarwal
BACKGROUND The term nutcracker phenomenon (NCP) elucidates anatomical structure and hemodynamics, whereas nutcracker syndrome (NCS) refers to clinical manifestations. We present three cases of similar clinical features of hematuria and flank pain with different clinical outcomes. CASE REPORT Case 1: A 36-year-old Caucasian female with a past medical history (PMH) of HIV infection presented for evaluation of hematuria. Computed tomography (CT) without contrast showed pelvic venous congestion and narrowing of the extra-renal left renal vein (LRV)...
July 6, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671391/health-maintenance-in-postmenopausal-women
#8
I Cori Baill, Analia Castiglioni
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in postmenopausal women older than 50 years. Clinicians should use the pooled cohort risk assessment equations or another risk calculator every three to five years to estimate a woman's 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Major guidelines concur that women at average risk of breast cancer benefit from screening mammography at least every other year from 50 to 74 years of age. Several effective options for colorectal cancer screening are recommended for women 50 to 75 years of age...
May 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643026/predictive-model-of-urinary-tract-infection-after-surgical-treatment-for-women-with-endometrial-cancer
#9
Hiroko Machida, Marianne S Hom, Anastasiya Shabalova, Brendan H Grubbs, Koji Matsuo
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to identify risk factors associated with postoperative urinary tract infections (UTIs) following hysterectomy-based surgical staging in women with endometrial cancer. METHODS: This is a retrospective study utilizing an institutional database (2008-2016) of stage I-IV endometrial cancer cases that underwent hysterectomy-based surgery. UTIs occurring within a 30-day time period after surgery were examined and correlated to patient clinico-pathological demographics...
June 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625021/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-elective-hysterectomy
#10
REVIEW
Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke, Selma Mourad, Jane Marjoribanks, Karim A Calis, Vanessa Jordan
BACKGROUND: Elective hysterectomy is commonly performed for benign gynaecological conditions. Hysterectomy can be performed abdominally, laparoscopically, or vaginally, with or without laparoscopic assistance. Antibiotic prophylaxis consists of administration of antibiotics to reduce the rate of postoperative infection, which otherwise affects 40%-50% of women after vaginal hysterectomy, and more than 20% after abdominal hysterectomy. No Cochrane review has systematically assessed evidence on this topic...
June 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622340/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-surgical-site-infections-as-a-risk-factor-for-infection-with-clostridium-difficile
#11
Aubrey Balch, Aaron M Wendelboe, Sara K Vesely, Dale W Bratzler
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to measure the association between 2013 guideline concordant prophylactic antibiotic use prior to surgery and infection with Clostridium difficile. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective case-control study by selecting patients who underwent a surgical procedure between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2013. SETTING: Large urban community hospital. PATIENTS: Cases and controls were patients age 18+ years who underwent an eligible surgery (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619688/single-port-laparoscopy-in-gynecologic-oncology-seven-years-of-experience-at-a-single-institution
#12
Laura Moulton, Amelia M Jernigan, Caitlin Carr, Lindsey Freeman, Pedro F Escobar, Chad M Michener
BACKGROUND: Single-port laparoscopy has gained popularity within minimally invasive gynecologic surgery for its feasibility, cosmetic outcomes, and safety. However, within gynecologic oncology, there are limited data regarding short-term adverse outcomes and long-term hernia risk in patients undergoing single-port laparoscopic surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe short-term outcomes and hernia rates in patients after single-port laparoscopy in a gynecologic oncology practice...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611000/sterility-of-selected-operative-sites-during-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy
#13
Marie E Shockley, Benjamin Beran, Heather Nutting, Katrin Arnolds, Michael L Sprague, Stephen Zimberg
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the type and quantity of bacteria found intraoperatively on the abdomen, vagina, surgical gloves, instrument tips, and uterus at distinct time points during total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH). DESIGN: Observational study (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Academic affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: Thirty-one women undergoing TLH for benign indications in 2016. INTERVENTIONS: After antibiotic prophylaxis and chlorhexidine preparation, swabs were collected from the vaginal fornices and abdomen...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599164/impact-of-power-morcellator-removal-on-hysterectomy-practice-patterns
#14
Adrianne Wesol, Shauna Woolley
OBJECTIVE: This study was a quality improvement project investigating patterns of hysterectomy practice including changes in surgical techniques and patient outcomes after manufacturer withdrawal of a laparoscopic power morcellator from our hospitals in July 2014. STUDY DESIGN: This time-series pre and post retrospective review examined data from electronic health records, comparing one year when a laparoscopic power morcellator was available (Year 1, mid-2013 to mid-2014) to one year after withdrawal (Year 2, mid-2014 to mid-2015)...
May 21, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591973/-the-application-of-internal-iliac-artery-balloon-occlusion-in-pernicious-placenta-previa
#15
Xiao-Rong Qi, Xing-Hui Liu, Yong You, Xiao-Dong Wang, Rong Zhou, Ai-Yun Xing, Li Zhang, Gang Ning, Fu-Min Zhao, Kai-Ming Li
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical application value of internal iliac artery balloon occlusion in pernicious placenta previa. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the patients of pernicious placenta previa in a single center from Jan, 2010 to Jan, 2015. The patients were divided into two groups, internal iliac artery balloon occlusion group and the control group without endovascular intervention. Blood loss in operation, volume of transfused blood products, caesarean hysterectomy, operating time, hospital days after operation and postoperative morbidity were compared between the two groups...
July 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579181/estrogen-replacement-reduces-risk-and-increases-survival-times-of-women-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Manal M Hassan, Gehan Botrus, Reham Abdel-Wahab, Robert A Wolff, Donghui Li, David Tweardy, Alexandria T Phan, Ernest Hawk, Milind Javle, Ju-Seog Lee, Harrys A Torres, Asif Rashid, Renato Lenzi, Hesham M Hassabo, Yasmin Abaza, Ahmed S Shalaby, Sahin Lacin, Jeffrey Morris, Yehuda Z Patt, Christopher I Amos, Saira A Khaderi, John A Goss, Prasun K Jalal, Ahmed O Kaseb
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Environmental factors have been identified that affect risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but little is known about the effects of sex hormones on liver cancer development or outcome. We investigated whether menopause hormone therapy (MHT) affects risk, age at onset, or outcome of HCC. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of 234 female patients treated for HCC at a tertiary medical center and with 282 healthy women (controls), from January 1, 2004 through May 31, 2015...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577182/economic-burden-of-cancer-among-patients-with-surgical-resections-of-the-lung-rectum-liver-and-uterus-results-from-a-us-hospital-database-claims-analysis
#17
Iftekhar Kalsekar, Chia-Wen Hsiao, Hang Cheng, Sashi Yadalam, Brian Po-Han Chen, Laura Goldstein, Andrew Yoo
OBJECTIVES: To determine hospital resource utilization, associated costs and the risk of complications during hospitalization for four types of surgical resections and to estimate the incremental burden among patients with cancer compared to those without cancer. METHODS: Patients (≥18 years old) were identified from the Premier Research Database of US hospitals if they had any of the following types of elective surgical resections between 1/2008 and 12/2014: lung lobectomy, lower anterior resection of the rectum (LAR), liver wedge resection, or total hysterectomy...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558661/uterus-preserving-surgery-versus-hysterectomy-in-the-treatment-of-refractory-postpartum-haemorrhage-in-two-tertiary-maternity-units-in-cameroon-a-cohort-analysis-of-perioperative-outcomes
#18
Julius Sama Dohbit, Pascal Foumane, Elie Nkwabong, Christelle Ogolong Kamouko, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Bernard Otabela, Emile Mboudou
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists on the efficacy and safety of the different surgical techniques used in the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). We aimed to compare uterus preserving surgery (UPS) versus hysterectomy for refractory PPH in terms of perioperative outcomes in a sub-Saharan African country with a known high maternal mortality ratio due to PPH. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study comparing the perioperative outcomes of all women managed by UPS (defined as surgical interventions geared at achieving haemostasis while conserving the uterus) versus hysterectomy (defined as surgical resection of the uterus to achieve haemostasis) for PPH refractory to standard medical management in two tertiary hospitals in Cameroon from January 2004 to December 2014...
May 30, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530629/-laparoendoscopic-single-site-less-ureteral-reimplantation
#19
Pedro M Cabrera Castillo, Felipe Cáceres Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: To present in detail our surgical technique and to show our initial experience with ureteral reimplantation using the transumbilical LESS approach to treat patients with ureteral stenosis secondary to various diseases and surgical complications. METHODS: We performed 7 ureteral reimplantations from February 2012, using the multichannel Richard- Wolf (KeyPort) platform placed transumbilical by a small 2-2,5 cm transversal incision. We always use a 3.5 mm minilaparoscopy accessory trocar in the right iliac fossa, that is crucial to perform the laparoscopic suturing safely for the patient and in an optimal time...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501106/concurrent-endocrine-and-other-surgical-procedures-an-institutional-experience
#20
Rachel Morris, Tina W F Yen, Kara Doffek, Azadeh A Carr, Stuart D Wilson, Douglas B Evans, Tracy S Wang
INRODUCTION: The number of endocrine procedures, specifically parathyroidectomy, thyroidectomy, and adrenalectomy, being performed is increasing. There is a paucity of literature on the feasibility of combining these procedures with other surgical procedures. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of performing concurrent surgical procedures on postoperative outcomes. METHODS: This is a single institution retrospective review of multiple prospectively maintained databases of patients who underwent elective thyroidectomy, parathyroidectomy, and/or adrenalectomy in combination with another procedure...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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