keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

prospective studies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922908/vitamin-d-status-in-internationally-adopted-children-the-experience-in-northwest-italy
#1
Irene Raffaldi, Silvia Garazzino, Giuseppina Ballardini, Mauro Zaffaroni, Nicolino Grasso, Gianni Bona, Pier-Angelo Tovo, Andrea Guala
BACKGROUND: The majority of internationally adopted children, before adoption, might have experienced malnutrition, exposure to infectious diseases, environmental deprivation and neglect; they could also develop medical problems such as vitamin D deficiency. Scantly data are available about vitamin D status in internationally adopted children and, to our knowledge, no report exists on Italian adoptees. METHODS: We carried out a prospective multicenter study, involving three Pediatric Centers in Piedmont, Italy, in order to collect information about 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] profile in adoptees, shortly after their arrival in Italy...
September 15, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922874/noninvasive-transfontanelle-monitoring-of-the-intracerebral-pressure-in-comparison-with-an-invasive-intradural-intracranial-pressure-device-a-prospective-study
#2
Bedjan Behmanesh, Marco Bartels, Florian Gessler, Natalie Filmann, Volker Seifert, Matthias Setzer, Thomas M Freiman
BACKGROUND: We previously introduced a novel noninvasive technique of intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring in children with open fontanelles. OBJECTIVE: To compare the ICP obtained by our new technique to the ICP derived from an intradurally implanted ICP measurement device (external ventricular drain, subdural ICP device). METHODS: Children with open fontanelles and need of intracranial monitoring were included in this study. A standard ICP probe was placed upon the frontal fontanelle and data were compared with the values recorded by an already invasively implanted subdural ICP technique...
October 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922813/meta-analyses-and-the-evidence-base-for-microbial-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-mycobacterium-avium-intracellulare-complex-disease
#3
Jotam G Pasipanodya, Deborah Ogbonna, Devyani Deshpande, Shashikant Srivastava, Tawanda Gumbo
Objectives: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the level of funding support and the sputum culture conversion rates in pulmonary Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (P-MAC) disease in adult patients without cystic fibrosis or HIV infection, treated with recommended antibiotic regimens. Methods: We performed a literature search to identify clinical trials, prospective studies and registries that reported outcomes in P-MAC patients. Studies that reported P-MAC diagnosis and treatments based on established guidelines met the inclusion criteria and were examined for bias and quality...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922778/circulating-folate-vitamin-b6-and-methionine-in-relation-to-lung-cancer-risk-in-the-lung-cancer-cohort-consortium-lc3
#4
Anouar Fanidi, David C Muller, Jian-Min Yuan, Victoria L Stevens, Stephanie J Weinstein, Demetrius Albanes, Ross Prentice, Cynthia A Thomsen, Mary Pettinger, Qiuyin Cai, William J Blot, Jie Wu, Alan A Arslan, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Marjorie L McCullough, Loic Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Christopher A Haiman, Xuehong Zhang, Jiali Han, Meir J Stampfer, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Edward Giovannucci, Graham G Giles, Allison M Hodge, Gianluca Severi, Mikael Johansson, Kjell Grankvist, Arnulf Langhammer, Steinar Krokstad, Marit Næss, Renwei Wang, Yu-Tang Gao, Lesley M Butler, Woon-Puay Koh, Xiao-Ou Shu, Yong-Bing Xiang, Honglan Li, Wei Zheng, Qing Lan, Kala Visvanathan, Judith Hoffman Bolton, Per Magne Ueland, Øivind Midttun, Arve Ulvik, Neil E Caporaso, Mark Purdue, Regina G Ziegler, Neal D Freedman, Julie E Buring, I-Min Lee, Howard D Sesso, J Michael Gaziano, Jonas Manjer, Ulrika Ericson, Caroline Relton, Paul Brennan, Mattias Johansson
Background: Circulating concentrations of B vitamins and factors related to one-carbon metabolism have been found to be strongly inversely associated with lung cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. The extent to which these associations are present in other study populations is unknown. Methods: Within 20 prospective cohorts from the National Cancer Institute Cohort Consortium, a nested case-control study was designed including 5364 incident lung cancer case patients and 5364 control subjects who were individually matched to case patients by age, sex, cohort, and smoking status...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922706/functional-outcome-of-low-rectal-resection-evaluated-by-anorectal-manometry
#5
Peter Ihnát, Petr Vávra, Jiří Prokop, Anton Pelikán, Lucia Ihnát Rudinská, Igor Penka
BACKGROUND: Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) covers disordered bowel function after rectal resection, leading to deterioration in patients' quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate anorectal function after laparoscopic low anterior resection (LAR) by means of standardized instruments. METHODS: This was a prospective clinical cohort study conducted in a single institution to assess functional outcome of patients 1 year after laparoscopic LAR by means of LARS score and high-resolution anorectal manometry...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922698/survival-improvements-with-adjuvant-therapy-in-patients-with-glioblastoma
#6
Dasantha Jayamanne, Helen Wheeler, Raymond Cook, Charles Teo, David Brazier, Geoff Schembri, Marina Kastelan, Linxin Guo, Michael F Back
BACKGROUND: Evaluate survival of patients diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) managed with adjuvant intensity modulated radiation therapy and temozolomide since the introduction of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer and National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group (EORTC-NCIC) protocol. METHODS: All patients with GBM managed between May 2007 and December 2014 with EORTC-NCIC protocol were entered into a prospective database...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922689/changing-face-of-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-in-melbourne-over-12%C3%A2-years
#7
Niranjan J Sathianathen, Alastair Lamb, Nathan L Lawrentschuk, Jeremy R Goad, Justin Peters, Anthony J Costello, Declan G Murphy, Daniel A Moon
BACKGROUND: This study aims to characterize the trends in disease presentation for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) over a 12-year period in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: All patients undergoing an RARP between 2004 and October 2016 while under the care of six high-volume surgeons were included in this study. Data were collected prospectively regarding patient demographics and clinical details of their cancer. RESULTS: Over the 12-year time span of the study, 3075 men underwent an RARP with a median age of 63...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922677/surgery-significantly-improves-neurocognition-sleep-and-blood-pressure-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-a-3-year-prospective-follow-up-study
#8
Sara Storvall, Eeva M Ryhänen, Ilkka Heiskanen, Harri Sintonen, Risto P Roine, Camilla Schalin-Jäntti
Surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) improves health-related quality of life (HRQoL), but it is unclear whether the effects are sustained after medium-term (>2 years) follow-up, and whether the results on some or all dimensions of HRQoL will reach that of the general population. We performed a follow-up of HRQoL on average 3.3 years after surgery for PHPT using the 15D in our patient cohort (n=124) and compared the results to those of an age- and gender-standardized general population (n=1099)...
September 18, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922652/a-pilot-study-of-loss-aversion-for-drug-and-non-drug-commodities-in-cocaine-users
#9
Justin C Strickland, Joshua S Beckmann, Craig R Rush, William W Stoops
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies in behavioral economics have demonstrated that individuals are more sensitive to the prospect of a loss than a gain (i.e., loss aversion). Although loss aversion has been well described in "healthy" populations, little research exists in individuals with substance use disorders. This gap is notable considering the prominent role that choice and decision-making play in drug use. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate loss aversion in active cocaine users...
September 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922625/living-and-dying-with-advanced-dementia-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-symptoms-service-use-and-care-at-the-end-of-life
#10
Elizabeth L Sampson, Bridget Candy, Sarah Davis, Anna Buylova Gola, Jane Harrington, Michael King, Nuriye Kupeli, Gerry Leavey, Kirsten Moore, Irwin Nazareth, Rumana Z Omar, Victoria Vickerstaff, Louise Jones
BACKGROUND: Increasing number of people are dying with advanced dementia. Comfort and quality of life are key goals of care. AIMS: To describe (1) physical and psychological symptoms, (2) health and social care service utilisation and (3) care at end of life in people with advanced dementia. DESIGN: 9-month prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Greater London, England, people with advanced dementia (Functional Assessment Staging Scale 6e and above) from 14 nursing homes or their own homes...
August 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922525/describing-the-quality-of-life-of-boys-with-haemophilia-in-china-results-of-a-multicentre-study-using-the-cho-klat
#11
L Tang, W Xu, C G Li, F Hou, X Q Feng, H Wang, X J Li, W L Li, J P Liu, L R Sun, S H Wang, J Jin, Q Fang, K H Luke, M C Poon, V S Blanchette, K Usuba, N L Young, R Wu
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of haemophilia varies across countries and across regions within some countries. Similar variation has been observed in health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). Relatively little is known about the HR-QoL of boys with haemophilia in China. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the HR-QoL of boys with haemophilia in China using the Canadian Haemophilia Outcomes-Kids Life Assessment Tool (CHO-KLAT). METHODS: Boys (4-18 years of age) with haemophilia and their parents were enroled in a cross-sectional study...
September 18, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922490/risk-factors-for-football-injuries-in-young-players-aged-7-to-12-years
#12
Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Jiri Chomiak, Karel Němec, Jiri Dvorak, Eric Lichtenstein, Oliver Faude
OBJECTIVES: Football (soccer) is very popular amongst children. Little is known about risk factors for football injuries in children. The aim was to analyse potential injury risk factors in 7 to 12 year old players. DESIGN: Prospective epidemiological study. METHODS: We collected prospective data in Switzerland and the Czech Republic over two seasons. Coaches reported exposure of players (in hours), absence, and injury data via an internet-based registration system...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922449/needle-syringe-programmes-and-opioid-substitution-therapy-for-preventing-hepatitis-c-transmission-in-people-who-inject-drugs
#13
REVIEW
Lucy Platt, Silvia Minozzi, Jennifer Reed, Peter Vickerman, Holly Hagan, Clare French, Ashly Jordan, Louisa Degenhardt, Vivian Hope, Sharon Hutchinson, Lisa Maher, Norah Palmateer, Avril Taylor, Julie Bruneau, Matthew Hickman
BACKGROUND: Needle syringe programmes and opioid substitution therapy for preventing hepatitis C transmission in people who inject drugsNeedle syringe programmes (NSP) and opioid substitution therapy (OST) are the primary interventions to reduce hepatitis C (HCV) transmission in people who inject drugs. There is good evidence for the effectiveness of NSP and OST in reducing injecting risk behaviour and increasing evidence for the effectiveness of OST and NSP in reducing HIV acquisition risk, but the evidence on the effectiveness of NSP and OST for preventing HCV acquisition is weak...
September 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922441/evaluation-of-2d-shear-wave-elastography-for-characterisation-of-focal-liver-lesions
#14
Ludmila Gerber, Daniel Fitting, Kajana Srikantharajah, Nina Weiler, Georgia Kyriakidou, Joerg Bojunga, Falko Schulze, Dimitra Bon, Stefan Zeuzem, Mireen Friedrich-Rust
BACKGROUND AND AIM: This is a prospective study for evaluation of 2D-shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) for characterisation and differentiation of benign und malignant focal liver lesions (FLLs). METHODS: The patients referred to our ultrasound unit were prospectively included. B-mode ultrasound and 2D-SWE (Aixplorer® France) were performed for one FLL in each patient. Liver histology and/or contrast-enhanced imaging were used as a reference method. RESULTS: 140 patients with FLL were included...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922437/molecular-biomarkers-as-predictors-for-biliary-complications-following-liver-transplantation-a-prospective-study
#15
Bogdan Dorobantu, Irinel Popescu, Simona Dima, Anca Nastase, Speranta Iacob
BACKGROUND: The biliary complications (BC) have been always considered the "Achilles' heel" of liver transplantation (LT), being one of the leading causes of postoperative morbidity. AIM: To analyse predictors of BC, by monitoring in the peripheral blood the biomarkers involved in the inflammation and hepatic fibrosis, such as the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP 2, 9) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMP1), the interleukins (IL 2, 8), alfa-TNF, the endothelins and their receptors...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922436/genetic-risk-factors-for-autoimmune-thyroid-disease-might-affect-the-susceptibility-to-and-modulate-the-progression-of-primary-biliary-cholangitis
#16
Aleksander Kuś, Magdalena Arłukowicz-Grabowska, Konrad Szymański, Ewa Wunsch, Małgorzata Milkiewicz, Rafał Płoski, Zakera Shums, Gary L Norman, Piotr Milkiewicz, Tomasz Bednarczuk, Marcin Krawczyk
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) frequently suffer from extrahepatic autoimmune conditions, of which autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is one of the most common. Previous studies identified several genetic variants increasing the odds of developing AITD. Here we investigate whether AITD-associated polymorphisms might also play a role in the development and clinical course of PBC and PBC associated with AITD (PBC-AITD). METHODS: To this end, we prospectively recruited 230 patients with PBC and 421 healthy controls...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922435/effectiveness-and-safety-of-golimumab-in-treating-outpatient-ulcerative-colitis-a-real-life-prospective-multicentre-observational-study-in-primary-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-centers
#17
Antonio Tursi, Leonardo Allegretta, Nello Buccianti, Nicola Della Valle, Walter Elisei, Giacomo Forti, Roberto Faggiani, Sara Gallina, Yusef Hadad, Tiziana Larussa, Angelo Lauria, Francesco Luzza, Roberto Lorenzetti, Giammarco Mocci, Antonio Penna, Natale Polimeni, Giuseppe Pranzo, Cristina Ricciardelli, Costantino Zampaletta, Marcello Picchio
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Golimumab (GOL) has been recently approved in Italy for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) unresponsive to standard treatments. Our aims were to assess the real-life efficacy and safety of GOL in managing UC outpatients in Italian primary Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) centres. METHODS: Consecutive UC outpatients with at least 3-months follow-up were enrolled. Primary end-point was the induction and maintenance of remission in UC, defined as Mayo score </=2, at 6-month follow-up...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922433/bismuth-based-quadruple-therapy-following-h-pylori-eradication-failures-a-multicenter-study-in-clinical-practice
#18
Angelo Zullo, Vincenzo De Francesco, Annamaria Bellesia, Roberto Vassallo, Audenzio D'Angelo, Giuseppe Scaccianoce, Rodolfo Sacco, Giampaolo Bresci, Annarita Eramo, Anna Tanzilli, Lorenzo Ridola, Domenico Alvaro, Claudio Londoni, Gianfranco Brambilla, Raffaele Manta, Agostino Di Ciaula, Piero Portincasa
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication in patients who failed one or more therapeutic attempts remains challenging. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of three-in-one capsules bismuth-based quadruple therapy (Pylera®) in these patients managed in clinical practice. METHODS: This was a prospective, open-label, multicenter study enrolling consecutive, adult patients with persistent H. pylori infection following at least one standard therapy...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922337/role-of-the-internet-as-an-information-resource-before-anaesthesia-consultation-a-french-prospective-multicentre-survey
#19
Bastian Nucci, Pierre-Geraud Claret, Gilles Leclerc, Arnaud Chaumeron, Philippe Grillo, Clément Buleon, Vincent Leprince, Mathieu Raux, Vincent Minville, Emmanuel Futier, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Philippe Cuvillon
BACKGROUND: Use of the internet as an information search tool has increased dramatically. Our study assessed preoperative use of the internet by patients to search for information regarding anaesthesia, surgery, pain or outcomes. OBJECTIVE(S): The aim of this study was to test whether patients used the internet prior to surgery and what kinds of information they looked for (anaesthetic technique, pain, adverse events, outcomes and surgery). Correlation between patient age and information sought about surgery from the internet was also explored...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922326/the-smile-index-part-1-a-large-scale-study-of-phenotypic-norms-for-pre-and-post-operative-unilateral-cleft-lip
#20
Caroline A Yao, Thomas Imahiyerobo, Jordan Swanson, Allyn Auslander, Diego De Cardenas, Jane C Figueiredo, Meghan McCullough, Melinda Costa, Richard Vanderburg, William P Magee
BACKGROUND: Unilateral cleft lip has a spectrum of disease morphology but severity assessments are difficult given the absence of an accessible, objective assessment tools or reference data. We characterize the spectrum of cleft morphology before and after surgical repair for a large, multi-ethnic population using easily identifiable facial landmarks collected through a novel smart phone-based application. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements and standardized photographs were prospectively collected in Morocco, Bolivia, Vietnam and Madagascar during medical missions in 2015 utilizing an application designed specifically for the study...
September 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
keyword
keyword
70821
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"