keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mitochondrial hcv

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104783/expression-levels-of-the-uridine-cytidine-kinase-like-1-protein-as-a-novel-prognostic-factor-for-hepatitis-c-virus-associated-hepatocellular-carcinomas
#1
A Buivydiene, V Liakina, J Valantinas, J Norkuniene, E Mockiene, S Jokubauskiene, R Smaliukiene, L Jancoriene, L Kovalevska, E Kashuba
The expression levels of the two novel oncoproteins uridine-cytidine kinase like-1 (UCKL-1) and mitochondrial ribosomal protein S18-2 (MRPS18-2) were assessed in samples of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using immunohistochemistry. Tissue microarray (TMA) paraffin blocks were prepared from 42 HCC tumor samples with the corresponding peri-tumor tissues and from 11 tissues of a liver with HCV-induced cirrhosis. We found that the UCKL-1 signal in the liver tissues of the peri-tumor zone in the HCC samples was stronger than that in cirrhosis (50 ± 49...
July 2017: Acta Naturae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079574/interferon-regulatory-factor-5-irf5-suppresses-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-replication-and-hcv-associated-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#2
Ozge Cevik, Dan Li, Erdene Baljinnyam, Dinesh Manvar, Erica M Pimenta, Gulam Waris, Betsy J Barnes, Neerja Kaushik-Basu
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major risk factor for the development of chronic liver disease. The disease typically progresses from chronic HCV to fibrosis, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and death. Chronic inflammation associated with HCV infection is implicated in cirrhosis and HCC, but the molecular players and signaling pathways contributing to these processes remain largely unknown. Interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) is a molecule of interest in HCV-associated HCC because it has critical roles in virus-, Tolllike receptor (TLR)-, and interferon (IFN)- induced signaling pathways...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039530/hepatitis-c-virus-p7-induces-mitochondrial-depolarization-of-isolated-liver-mitochondria
#3
Deok-Gyun You, Hye-Ra Lee, Won-Ki Kim, Hyung Jung Kim, Gi Young Lee, Young Do Yoo
Hepatitis C virus (HCV)‑encoded protein p7 is a viroporin that acts as an ion channel and is indispensable for HCV particle production. Although the main target of HCV p7 is the endoplasmic reticulum, it also targets mitochondria. HCV‑infected cells show mitochondrial depolarization and ATP depletion; however, the function of HCV p7 in mitochondria is not fully understood. The present study demonstrated that treatment of isolated mouse liver mitochondria with the synthesized HCV p7 protein induced mitochondrial dysfunction...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962899/the-interaction-between-mitochondria-and-oncoviruses
#4
REVIEW
Shujie Song, Shasha Gong, Pragya Singh, Jianxin Lyu, Yidong Bai
Mitochondria play important roles in multiple aspects of viral tumorigenesis. Mitochondrial genomes contribute to the host's genetic background. After viruses enter the cell, they modulate mitochondrial function and thus alter bioenergetics and retrograde signaling pathways. At the same time, mitochondria also regulate and mediate viral oncogenesis. In this context, oncogenesis by oncoviruses like Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Human papilloma virus (HPV), Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) will be discussed...
September 26, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952275/potential-diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-lymphocytic-mitochondrial-dna-deletion-in-relation-to-folic-acid-status-in-hcv-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Abdel Rahman N Zekri, Hosny Salama, Eman Medhat, Sherif Hamdy, Zeinab K Hassan, Yasser Mabrouk Bakr, Amira Salah El - Din Youssef, Doaa Saleh, Ramy Saeed, Dalia Omran
Objective: We assessed the possibility of using mitochondrial (mt) DNA deletion as a molecular biomarker for disease progression in HCV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to identify its association with folic acid status. Methods: Serum folic acid and lymphocytic mtDNA deletions were assessed in 90 patients; 50 with HCC, 20 with liver cirrhosis (LC), and 20 with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) compared to 10 healthy control subjects. The diagnostic accuracy of mtDNA deletions frequency was evaluated using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899790/alisporivir-rescues-defective-mitochondrial-respiration-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#6
Marco Schiavone, Alessandra Zulian, Sara Menazza, Valeria Petronilli, Francesco Argenton, Luciano Merlini, Patrizia Sabatelli, Paolo Bernardi
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe muscle disease of known etiology without effective, or generally applicable therapy. Mitochondria are affected by the disease in animal models but whether mitochondrial dysfunction is part of the pathogenesis in patients remains unclear. We show that primary cultures obtained from muscle biopsies of DMD patients display a decrease of the respiratory reserve, a consequence of inappropriate opening of the permeability transition pore (PTP). Treatment with the cyclophilin inhibitor alisporivir - a cyclosporin A derivative that desensitizes the PTP but does not inhibit calcineurin - largely restored the maximal respiratory capacity without affecting basal oxygen consumption in cells from patients, thus reinstating a normal respiratory reserve...
September 9, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835669/nevirapine-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-hepg2-cells
#7
Atchara Paemanee, Wannapa Sornjai, Suthathip Kittisenachai, Naraporn Sirinonthanawech, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Jeerang Wongtrakul, Duncan R Smith
Nevirapine (NVP) is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor frequently used in combination with other antiretroviral agents for highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) of patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). However NVP can cause serious, life-threatening complications. Hepatotoxicity is one of the most severe adverse effects, particularly in HIV patients with chronic hepatitis C virus co-infection as these patients can develop liver toxicity after a relatively short course of treatment...
August 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722244/risk-of-liver-decompensation-with-cumulative-use-of-mitochondrial-toxic-nucleoside-analogues-in-hiv-hepatitis-c-virus-coinfection
#8
Vincent Lo Re, Bret Zeldow, Michael J Kallan, Janet P Tate, Dena M Carbonari, Sean Hennessy, Jay R Kostman, Joseph K Lim, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Robert Gross, Amy C Justice, Jason A Roy
PURPOSE: Among patients dually infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV), use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) containing mitochondrial toxic nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (mtNRTIs) might induce chronic hepatic injury, which could accelerate HCV-associated liver fibrosis and increase the risk of hepatic decompensation and death. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study among 1747 HIV/HCV patients initiating NRTI-containing ART within the Veterans Aging Cohort Study (2002-2009) to determine if cumulative mtNRTI use increased the risk of hepatic decompensation and death among HIV-/HCV-coinfected patients...
October 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603092/crosstalk-of-liver-immune-cells-and-cell-death-mechanisms-in-different-murine-models-of-liver-injury-and-its-clinical-relevance
#9
Hilal Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Zishan Ahmad, Junaid Ali Khan, Muhammad Imran Arshad
BACKGROUND: Liver inflammation or hepatitis is a result of pluripotent interactions of cell death molecules, cytokines, chemokines and the resident immune cells collectively called as microenvironment. The interplay of these inflammatory mediators and switching of immune responses during hepatotoxic, viral, drug-induced and immune cell-mediated hepatitis decide the fate of liver pathology. The present review aimed to describe the mechanisms of liver injury, its relevance to human liver pathology and insights for the future therapeutic interventions...
June 2017: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595015/2-chloro-2-fluoro-ribonucleotide-prodrugs-with-potent-pan-genotypic-activity-against-hepatitis-c-virus-replication-in-culture
#10
Shaoman Zhou, Sawsan Mahmoud, Peng Liu, Longhu Zhou, Maryam Ehteshami, Leda Bassit, Sijia Tao, Robert A Domaoal, Ozkan Sari, Coralie De Schutter, Sheida Amiralaei, Ahmed Khalil, Olivia Ollinger Russell, Tamara McBrayer, Tony Whitaker, Nageh Abou-Taleb, Franck Amblard, Steven J Coats, Raymond F Schinazi
Pan-genotypic nucleoside HCV inhibitors display a high genetic barrier to drug resistance and are the preferred direct-acting agents to achieve complete sustained virologic response in humans. Herein, we report, the discovery of a β-d-2'-Cl,2'-F-uridine phosphoramidate nucleotide 16, as a nontoxic pan-genotypic anti-HCV agent. Phosphoramidate 16 in its 5'-triphosphate form specifically inhibited HCV NS5B polymerase with no marked inhibition of human polymerases and cellular mitochondrial RNA polymerase. Studies on the intracellular half-life of phosphoramidate 16-TP in live cells demonstrated favorable half-life of 11...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570836/the-influence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-therapy-on-the-dna-base-excision-repair-system-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells
#11
Piotr Czarny, Anna Merecz-Sadowska, Kinga Majchrzak, Maciej Jabłkowski, Janusz Szemraj, Tomasz Śliwiński, Bolesław Karwowski
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) can infect extrahepatic tissues, including lymphocytes, creating reservoir of the virus. Moreover, HCV proteins can interact with DNA damage response proteins of infected cells. In this article we investigated the influence of the virus infection and a new ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir ± dasabuvir ± ribavirin (OBV/PTV/r ± DSV ± RBV) anti-HCV therapy on the PBMCs (peripheral blood mononuclear cells, mainly lymphocytes) DNA base excision repair (BER) system. BER protein activity was analyzed in the nuclear and mitochondrial extracts (NE and ME) of PBMC isolated from patients before and after therapy, and from subjects without HCV, using modeled double-strand DNA, with 2'-deoxyuridine substitution as the DNA damage...
July 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559253/nucleotide-substrate-specificity-of-anti-hepatitis-c-virus-nucleoside-analogs-for-human-mitochondrial-rna-polymerase
#12
Maryam Ehteshami, Longhu Zhou, Sheida Amiralaei, Jadd R Shelton, Jong Hyun Cho, Hongwang Zhang, Hao Li, Xiao Lu, Tugba Ozturk, Richard Stanton, Franck Amblard, Tamara R McBrayer, Steven J Coats, Raymond F Schinazi
Nucleoside analog inhibitors (NAIs) are an important class of antiviral agents. Although highly effective, some NAIs with activity against hepatitis C virus (HCV) can cause toxicity, presumably due to off-target inhibition of host mitochondrial RNA polymerase (POLRMT). The in vitro nucleotide substrate specificity of POLRMT was studied in order to explore structure-activity relationships that can facilitate the identification of nontoxic NAIs. These findings have important implications for the development of all anti-RNA virus NAIs...
August 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558073/hepatitis-e-virus-persists-in-the-presence-of-a-type-iii-interferon-response
#13
Xin Yin, Xinlei Li, Charuta Ambardekar, Zhimin Hu, Sébastien Lhomme, Zongdi Feng
The RIG-I-like RNA helicase (RLR)-mediated interferon (IFN) response plays a pivotal role in the hepatic antiviral immunity. The hepatitis A virus (HAV) and the hepatitis C virus (HCV) counter this response by encoding a viral protease that cleaves the mitochondria antiviral signaling protein (MAVS), a common signaling adaptor for RLRs. However, a third hepatotropic RNA virus, the hepatitis E virus (HEV), does not appear to encode a functional protease yet persists in infected cells. We investigated HEV-induced IFN responses in human hepatoma cells and primary human hepatocytes...
May 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483922/quantitative-microspectroscopic-imaging-reveals-viral-and-cellular-rna-helicase-interactions-in-live-cells
#14
M J Corby, Michael R Stoneman, Gabriel Biener, Joel D Paprocki, Rajesh Kolli, Valerica Raicu, David N Frick
Human cells detect RNA viruses through a set of helicases called RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs) that initiate the interferon response via a mitochondrial signaling complex. Many RNA viruses also encode helicases, which are sometimes covalently linked to proteases that cleave signaling proteins. One unresolved question is how RLRs interact with each other and with viral proteins in cells. This study examined the interactions among the hepatitis C virus (HCV) helicase and RLR helicases in live cells with quantitative microspectroscopic imaging (Q-MSI), a technique that determines FRET efficiency and subcellular donor and acceptor concentrations...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480979/down-regulation-of-trif-tlr3-and-mavs-in-hcv-infected-liver-correlates-with-the-outcome-of-infection
#15
Premashis Kar, Deepak Kumar, Phani Kumar Gumma, Soumya Jyoti Chowdhury, Vijay Kumar Karra
In virus-infected cells, pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) recruits their specific adaptor molecules, mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS), TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β (TRIF), and TNF receptor associated factor (TRAF6) which induces interferon. Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) induces activation of the NF-kappa B (NF-κB) for interferon production. The study has been designed to assess the correlation of TLR3, MAVS, TRIF, and TRAF6 outcome of HCV infection. The 46 chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients were screened for LFT (Liver function test), HBsAg, Anti HCV, viral load, histology, and expression of TLR3, MAVS, TRIF, and TRAF6 genes...
December 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471941/basic-science-and-pathogenesis-of-ageing-with-hiv-potential-mechanisms-and-biomarkers
#16
Claire Lagathu, Andrea Cossarizza, Véronique Béréziat, Milena Nasi, Jacqueline Capeau, Marcello Pinti
: The increased prevalence of age-related comorbidities and mortality is worrisome in ageing HIV-infected patients. Here, we aim to analyse the different ageing mechanisms with regard to HIV infection. Ageing results from the time-dependent accumulation of random cellular damage. Epigenetic modifications and mitochondrial DNA haplogroups modulate ageing. In antiretroviral treatment-controlled patients, epigenetic clock appears to be advanced, and some haplogroups are associated with HIV infection severity. Telomere shortening is enhanced in HIV-infected patients because of HIV and some nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors...
June 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394926/gp73-represses-host-innate-immune-response-to-promote-virus-replication-by-facilitating-mavs-and-traf6-degradation
#17
Xuewu Zhang, Chengliang Zhu, Tianci Wang, Hui Jiang, Yahui Ren, Qi Zhang, Kailang Wu, Fang Liu, Yingle Liu, Jianguo Wu
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a leading cause of chronic liver diseases and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and Golgi protein 73 (GP73) is a serum biomarker for liver diseases and HCC. However, the mechanism underlying GP73 regulates HCV infection is largely unknown. Here, we revealed that GP73 acts as a novel negative regulator of host innate immunity to facilitate HCV infection. GP73 expression is activated and correlated with interferon-beta (IFN-β) production during HCV infection in patients' serum, primary human hepatocytes (PHHs) and human hepatoma cells through mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS), TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase/extracellular regulated protein kinase (MEK/ERK) pathway...
April 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329914/ginsenoside-rg3-restores-hepatitis-c-virus-induced-aberrant-mitochondrial-dynamics-and-inhibits-virus-propagation
#18
Seong-Jun Kim, Jae Young Jang, Eun-Jung Kim, Eun Kyung Cho, Dae-Gyun Ahn, Chonsaeng Kim, Han Seul Park, Soung Won Jeong, Sae Hwan Lee, Sang Gyune Kim, Young Seok Kim, Hong Soo Kim, Boo Sung Kim, Jihyung Lee, Aleem Siddiqui
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) alters mitochondrial dynamics associated with persistent viral infection and suppression of innate immunity. Mitochondrial dysfunction is also a pathologic feature of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment. Despite the high efficacy of DAAs, their use in treating patients with chronic hepatitis C in interferon-sparing regimens occasionally produces undesirable side effects such as fatigue, migraine, and other conditions, which may be linked to mitochondrial dysfunction. Here, we show that clinically prescribed DAAs, including sofosbuvir, affect mitochondrial dynamics...
September 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304119/serum-markers-for-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-cell-death-are-possible-predictive-indicators-for-drug-induced-liver-injury-by-direct-acting-antivirals
#19
Keisuke Kakisaka, Yuichi Yoshida, Yuji Suzuki, Takuro Sato, Hidekatsu Kuroda, Akio Miyasaka, Yasuhiro Takikawa
AIM: We prospectively screened patients treated with direct-acting antivirals (DAA) in order to detect and analyze serum markers that are present prior to the development of drug-induced liver injury (DILI). METHODS: The levels of various serum markers among DILI, non-DILI and control groups were compared. The DILI group consisted of eight patients whose alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels exceeded 32 IU/L during the DAA treatment. Eight patients without DILI were selected for the non-DILI group via a matched-group design based on age, sex and disease severity...
March 17, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228506/low-plasma-zinc-is-associated-with-higher-mitochondrial-oxidative-stress-and-faster-liver-fibrosis-development-in-the-miami-adult-studies-in-hiv-cohort
#20
Sabrina S Martinez, Adriana Campa, Yinghui Li, Christina Fleetwood, Tiffanie Stewart, Venkataraghavan Ramamoorthy, Marianna K Baum
Background: Oxidative stress and reduced antioxidants may be a trigger for liver fibrogenesis. Reducing oxidative stress through higher antioxidant concentration may be a potential antifibrotic target.Objective: We aimed to investigate longitudinally whether plasma zinc, an antioxidant, is related to mitochondrial oxidative stress and the progression of liver fibrosis in the Miami Adult Studies in HIV (MASH) cohort.Methods: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted in 487 predominantly African American HIV-monoinfected and HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected adults with a mean ± SD age of 47...
April 2017: Journal of Nutrition
keyword
keyword
70820
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"