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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909354/screening-emergency-department-patients-for-opioid-drug-use-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Preet Kaur Sahota, Siri Shastry, Dana B Mukamel, Linda Murphy, Narisu Yang, Shahram Lotfipour, Bharath Chakravarthy
INTRODUCTION: The opioid drug epidemic is a major public health concern and an economic burden in the United States. The purpose of this systematic review is to assess the reliability and validity of screening instruments used in emergency medicine settings to detect opioid use in patients and to assess psychometric data for each screening instrument. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and ClinicalTrials...
May 24, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905084/test-results-management-and-distributed-cognition-in-electronic-health-record-enabled-primary-care
#2
Michael W Smith, Ashley M Hughes, Charnetta Brown, Elise Russo And, Traber D Giardina, Praveen Mehta, Hardeep Singh
Managing abnormal test results in primary care involves coordination across various settings. This study identifies how primary care teams manage test results in a large, computerized healthcare system in order to inform health information technology requirements for test results management and other distributed healthcare services. At five US Veterans Health Administration facilities, we interviewed 37 primary care team members, including 16 primary care providers, 12 registered nurses, and 9 licensed practical nurses...
June 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904970/the-provision-of-physical-health-care-by-nurses-to-young-people-with-first-episode-psychosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Gin-Liang Chee, Dianne Wynaden, Karen Heslop
INTRODUCTION: Registered nurses working in the area of mental health complete either a psychiatric/mental health or comprehensive/generalist nursing program, and their education preparation influences their physical health care nursing practices. The differences in educational preparation may be a contributory factor to nurses' delivery of physical health care to young people experiencing first episode psychosis. This paper addresses an identified gap in nursing practices related to physical health care of young mental health service users...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903835/father-inclusive-perinatal-parent-education-programs-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Joyce Y Lee, Heather A Knauer, Shawna J Lee, Mark P MacEachern, Craig F Garfield
CONTEXT: Fathers contribute to their children's health starting at the beginning of life. Few parent education programs include fathers. Among those that do, there is little effort to report program effects on father outcomes. OBJECTIVE: In this systematic review, we examined father-inclusive perinatal parent education programs in the United States as they relate to a range of father outcomes. DATA SOURCES: The databases searched were PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, Ovid Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO...
June 14, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902738/simulation-for-emergency-nurses-siren-a-quasi-experimental-study
#5
Mary Boyde, Emily Cooper, Hannah Putland, Rikki Stanton, Christie Harding, Ben Learmont, Clare Thomas, Jade Porter, Andrea Thompson, Louise Nicholls
BACKGROUND: Within nursing education, simulation has been recognised as an effective learning strategy. Embedding simulation within clinical units has the potential to enhance patient safety and improve clinical outcomes. However it is important to evaluate the effectiveness of this educational technique to support the actual value and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to implement and evaluate an innovative simulation experience for registered nurses. METHODS: A high-fidelity simulation focusing on nursing assessment was conducted with 50 Registered Nurses in an Emergency Department (ED) at a large tertiary referral hospital...
June 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902100/nurse-practitioners-in-aged-care-settings-a-study-of-general-practitioners-and-registered-nurses-views
#6
Vicki Forbes, Clare Harvey, Alannah Meyer
BACKGROUND: This paper draws on a 2015 study in New Zealand that examined perceptions of registered nurses (RNs) and general practitioners (GPs) regarding the role of Nurse Practitioners (NPs) in long-term aged care facilities (LTACF). AIM: To explore the attitudes of RNs and GPs regarding the role of NPs in LTACFs. DESIGN: A descriptive, mixed methods design with a survey and invitation to interview was used. RNs and GPs who provided hospital-level care were invited to participate...
June 14, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901820/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-online-psychological-interventions-for-mental-and-physical-health-outcomes-in-gastrointestinal-disorders-including-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
REVIEW
I Hanlon, C Hewitt, K Bell, A Phillips, A Mikocka-Walus
BACKGROUND: Online psychotherapy has been successfully used as supportive treatment in many chronic illnesses. However, there is a lack of evidence on its role in the management of gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. AIMS: To examine whether online psychological interventions improve mental and physical outcomes in gastrointestinal diseases. METHODS: We searched CINAHL Plus, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Health Management Information Consortium, PsycINFO, British Nursing Index, Cochrane Library, a specialised register of the IBD/FBD Cochrane Group, MEDLINE (PubMed) WHO International Clinical Trial Registry, ClinicalTrials...
June 14, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901698/association-of-dietary-insulinemic-potential-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-men-and-women
#8
Fred K Tabung, Weike Wang, Teresa T Fung, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, NaNa Keum, Kana Wu, Charles S Fuchs, Frank B Hu, Edward L Giovannucci
Background: Insulin response may be important in colorectal cancer development. Diet modulates insulin response and may be a modifiable factor in colorectal cancer prevention. Objective: We examined associations between hyperinsulinemic diets and colorectal cancer risk with the use of an empirical dietary index for hyperinsulinemia (EDIH), a food-based index that characterizes dietary insulinemic potential on the basis of circulating C-peptide concentrations. Design: Diet was assessed every 4 y with food-frequency questionnaires in 46,210 men (Health Professionals Follow-Up Study, 1986-2012) and 74,191 women (Nurses' Health Study, 1984-2012) to calculate EDIH scores...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899047/self-management-of-patients-with-mild-copd-in-primary-care-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Kate Jolly, Manbinder S Sidhu, Catherine A Hewitt, Peter A Coventry, Amanda Daley, Rachel Jordan, Carl Heneghan, Sally Singh, Natalie Ives, Peymane Adab, Susan Jowett, Jinu Varghese, David Nunan, Khaled Ahmed, Lee Dowson, David Fitzmaurice
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of telephone health coaching delivered by a nurse to support self management in a primary care population with mild symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Multicentre randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 71 general practices in four areas of England. PARTICIPANTS: 577 patients with Medical Research Council dyspnoea scale scores of 1 or 2, recruited from primary care COPD registers with spirometry confirmed diagnosis...
June 13, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898705/piloting-a-mental-health-training-programme-for-community-health-workers-in-south-africa-an-exploration-of-changes-in-knowledge-confidence-and-attitudes
#10
Goodman Sibeko, Peter D Milligan, Marinda Roelofse, Lezel Molefe, Deborah Jonker, Jonathan Ipser, Crick Lund, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: There is a shortage of trained mental health workers in spite of the significant contribution of psychiatric disorders to the global disease burden. Task shifting, through the delegation of health care tasks to less specialised health workers such as community health workers (CHWs), is a promising approach to address the human resource shortage. CHWs in the Western Cape province of South Africa provide comprehensive chronic support which includes that for mental illness, but have thus far not received standardized mental health training...
June 14, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898677/determinants-of-adherence-and-effects-on-health-related-quality-of-life-after-myocardial-infarction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Gundula Krack, Rolf Holle, Inge Kirchberger, Bernhard Kuch, Ute Amann, Hildegard Seidl
BACKGROUND: Adherence to recommendations and medication is deemed to be important for effectiveness of case management interventions. Thus, reasons for non-adherence and effects on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) should be fully understood. The objective of this research was to identify determinants of non-adherence to medication and recommendations, and to test whether increased adherence improved HRQoL in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) in a case management intervention...
June 7, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898674/early-and-late-signs-that-precede-dying-among-older-persons-in-nursing-homes-the-multidisciplinary-team-s-perspective
#12
Helene Åvik Persson, Anna Sandgren, Carl-Johan Fürst, Gerd Ahlström, Lina Behm
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents in Sweden are old, frail and usually have multiple morbidities which often make dying a prolonged suffering. It has been found that older persons at nursing homes receive far less palliative care than younger persons, partly because it is difficult to identify when the final stage of life begins. The identification may help the staff to enable the older person and their families to participate in planning the care in accordance with their own preferences and values...
June 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898672/prediction-of-functional-decline-in-community-dwelling-older-persons-in-general-practice-a-cohort-study
#13
Sophie C E van Blijswijk, Jeanet W Blom, Anton J M de Craen, Wendy P J den Elzen, Jacobijn Gussekloo
BACKGROUND: A first step to offer community-dwelling older persons proactive care is to identify those at risk of functional decline within a year. This study investigates the predictive value of registered information, questionnaire and GP-opinion on functional decline. METHODS: In this cohort study, embedded within the ISCOPE-trial, participants (≥75 years) completed the ISCOPE-screening questionnaire on four health domains. GPs gave their opinion on vulnerability of participants...
June 11, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898670/comprehensive-pharmaceutical-care-to-prevent-drug-related-readmissions-of-dependent-living-elderly-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
R Lenssen, K Schmitz, C Griesel, A Heidenreich, J B Schulz, C Trautwein, N Marx, C Fitzner, U Jaehde, A Eisert
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients are vulnerable to adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Drug-related readmissions (DRRs) can be a major consequence of ADR. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effects of a ward-based, comprehensive pharmaceutical care service on the occurrence of DRRs as the endpoint in dependent-living elderly patients. METHODS: A randomized, controlled trial was performed at a German University Hospital. Patients fulfilling the following criteria were eligible: admission to a cooperating ward, existing drug therapy at admission, 65 years of age and older, home-care or nursing home residents in ambulatory care, and a minimum hospital stay of three days...
June 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897023/determinants-of-workplace-injuries-and-violence-among-newly-licensed-rns
#15
Lynn Unruh, Yara Asi
Workplace injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick injuries, and emotional and physical violence, remain an issue in U.S. hospitals. To develop meaningful safety programs, it is important to identify workplace factors that contribute to injuries. This study explored factors that affect injuries in a sample of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) in Florida. Regressions were run on models in which the dependent variable was the degree to which the respondent had experienced needlesticks, work-related musculoskeletal injuries, cuts or lacerations, contusions, verbal violence, physical violence, and other occupational injuries...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896763/renal-in-patient-ward-nurse-experience-and-job-satisfaction-a-qualitative-study
#16
Aisha Tamika McKenzie, Gulen Addis
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the experience of registered nurses working in renal inpatients wards at an acute National Health Service (NHS) hospital Trust. Nurse perceptions of their experience particularly in relation to job satisfaction was analysed. BACKGROUND: Increased understanding of workplace organisation and culture can contribute to improved nurse work experience and better patient care. Worldwide many studies conducted on nurse experience and job satisfaction show that job satisfaction level varies across work settings so analysis of job satisfaction at a local level such as in a ward is important for producing useful analysis and recommendations...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894258/limitations-of-track-and-trigger-systems-and-the-national-early-warning-score-part-1-areas-of-contention
#17
Steven Grant
Evidence suggests that the identification and response to the deteriorating patient continues to be an ongoing concern, despite the widespread use of track and trigger score (TTS) systems. This article discusses the variations in the parameters included in the different TTS systems in use across the NHS and their sensitivity. Clinical guidelines and physiological theory are used to appraise the parameters allocated in the National Early Warning Score (NEWS 1 and 2), highlighting potential limitations of the tool...
June 14, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893469/leadership-and-registered-nurses-rns-working-after-hours-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-racfs-a-structured-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Dorika Nhongo, Joyce Hendricks, Julie Bradshaw, Kasia Bail
BACKGROUND: Registered nurses (RNs) working in Residential Aged Care Facilities are required to undertake complex management tasks including leading nursing care teams, supervising non-nursing staff, and allocating workloads according to residents' care needs, staff skills and experience. Registered nurses plan, assess, manage medication, evaluate each resident's care, liaise with doctors and allied health professionals and are responsible for evidence-based practice in accordance with the Nursing Standards for Practice (2016)...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893453/a-5-step-framework-to-promote-nursing-community-inclusivity-the-example-of-nurses-with-disabilities
#19
Cheryl Zlotnick, Carmit-Noa Shpigelman
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To provide a five-step conceptual framework to promote community inclusivity among nurses and nursing students, using the example of nursing student with a disability. BACKGROUND: The value of cultural diversity, including characteristics such as socioeconomic status, ability/disability, sexual affection, and ethnicity and/or race, is integrated into bachelor's nursing programs. Yet, often the focus centers on patient care rather than to fellow nursing students or registered nurses...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893442/how-home-health-nurses-plan-their-work-schedules-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#20
Elliane Irani, Karen B Hirschman, Pamela Z Cacchione, Kathryn H Bowles
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe how home health nurses plan their daily work schedules and what challenges they face during the planning process. BACKGROUND: Home health nurses are viewed as independent providers and value the nature of their work because of the flexibility and autonomy they hold in developing their work schedules. However, there is limited empirical evidence about how home health nurses plan their work schedules, including the factors they consider during the process and the challenges they face within the dynamic home health setting...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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