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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328309/ibpro-a-novel-short-duration-teaching-course-in-advanced-physics-and-biology-underlying-cancer-radiotherapy
#1
Michael C Joiner, Monica W Tracey, Sara E Kacin, Jay W Burmeister
This article provides a summary and status report of the ongoing advanced education program IBPRO - Integrated course in Biology and Physics of Radiation Oncology. IBPRO is a five-year program funded by NCI. It addresses the recognized deficiency in the number of mentors available who have the required knowledge and skill to provide the teaching and training that is required for future radiation oncologists and researchers in radiation sciences. Each year, IBPRO brings together 50 attendees typically at assistant professor level and upwards, who are already qualified/certified radiation oncologists, medical physicists or biologists...
March 22, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325238/radiation-oncology-quality-and-safety-considerations-in-low-resource-settings-a-medical-physics-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Jacob Van Dyk, Ahmed Meghzifene
The past few years have seen a significant growth of interest in the global radiation therapy (RT) crisis. Various organizations have quantified the need and are providing aid in support of addressing the shortfalls existing in many low-to-middle income countries. With the tremendous demand for new facilities, equipment, and personnel, it is very important to recognize the quality and safety challenges and to address them directly. An examination of publications on quality and safety in RT indicates a consistency in a number of the recommendations; however, these authoritative reports were generally based on input from high-resourced contexts...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275809/-treatments-of-second-mesiobuccal-canals-in-maxillary-permanent-molar-a-report-of-2-cases
#3
Yan-Pei Wei, Hong-Xia Fan, Liang Chen, Xue Zhang, Jing-Tao Yu
With the increasing maturation of 3D printing technology, as well as its application in various industries, investigation of 3D printing technology into clinic medical education becomes an important task of the current medical education. The teaching content of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology is complicated and diverse, making lower understanding/memorizing efficiency and insufficient skill training. To overcome the disadvantage of traditional teaching method, it is necessary to introduce 3D printing technique into teaching of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology, in order to improve the teaching quality and problem solving capabilities, and finally promote cultivation of skilled and innovative talents...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275808/-applications-of-3d-printing-technology-in-teaching-of-oromaxillofacial-head-and-neck-surgical-oncology
#4
Min Ruan, Tong Ji, Chen-Ping Zhang
With the increasing maturation of 3D printing technology, as well as its application in various industries, investigation of 3D printing technology into clinic medical education becomes an important task of the current medical education. The teaching content of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology is complicated and diverse, making lower understanding/memorizing efficiency and insufficient skill training. To overcome the disadvantage of traditional teaching method, it is necessary to introduce 3D printing technique into teaching of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology, in order to improve the teaching quality and problem solving capabilities, and finally promote cultivation of skilled and innovative talents...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274395/attitudes-of-radiation-oncologists-toward-palliative-and-supportive-care-in-the-united-states-report-on-national-membership-survey-by-the-american-society-for-radiation-oncology-astro
#5
Randy L Wei, Malcolm D Mattes, James Yu, Adrienne Thrasher, Hui-Kuo Shu, Harald Paganetti, Jennifer De Los Santos, Bridget Koontz, Christopher Abraham, Tracy Balboni
PURPOSE: Radiation oncologists are frequently involved in providing palliative and supportive care (PSC) for patients with advanced cancers through delivery of palliative radiation. Whether they are confident in their ability to assess and initiate treatments for pain, nonpain, and psychosocial distress is unknown. The American Society for Radiation Oncology surveyed its practicing members in the United States on self-assessment of their primary PSC skills and access to continuing medical education on PSC...
March 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264617/integrated-cardiovascular-safety-multifaceted-considerations-in-drug-development-and-therapeutic-use
#6
J Rick Turner
Cardiovascular safety has become a central component of contemporary drug development and therapeutic use since noncardiovascular drugs can exert cardiovascular harms. Appropriate preapproval investigations and monitoring during clinical practice are therefore advantageous. Areas covered: Integrated cardiovascular safety is a broad field of investigation. This review focuses on three areas of assessment specifically chosen to exemplify advances and challenges in this field: the cardiotoxicity of oncologic agents, off-target blood pressure (BP) increases to noncardiovascular drugs, and the cardiovascular safety of new antidiabetic drugs for type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
March 6, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219121/a-pilot-study-evaluation-of-psychosocial-competency-training-for-junior-physicians-working-in-oncology-and-hematology
#7
Stefanie Mache, Karin Vitzthum, Inka Hauschild, David Groneberg
BACKGROUND: This pilot and feasibility study evaluated a work-related self-care competency training in Oncology and Hematology Medicine for junior physicians working in Oncology and Hematology Medicine. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted with 80 physicians working in oncology and hematology hospital departments in Germany. Physicians were distributed to either the intervention group receiving competency training or a comparison group. The intervention took place in groups over a period of 12 weeks...
February 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215039/impact-of-surgical-experience-on-management-and-outcome-of-pancreatic-surgery-performed-in-high-and-low-volume-centers
#8
Marco Stella, Massimiliano Bissolati, Daniele Gentile, Alessandro Arriciati
Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is one of the procedures in general surgery with the highest rate of life-threatening complications. The positive impact of the volume-outcome ratio on outcomes and mortality in pancreatic surgery (PS) has led to policy-level efforts toward centralization of care for PS that is currently under evaluation by some Regional Health Services. The role of the surgeon's experience and training is still under debate. The aim of this paper is to compare the outcomes of PS by the same surgeon in a high volume (HV) and in a low volume (LV) hospital to assess whether a specific training in PS could outdo the benefits of hospital volume...
February 18, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203163/is-the-deep-inspiration-breath-hold-technique-superior-to-the-free-breathing-technique-in-cardiac-and-lung-sparing-while-treating-both-left-sided-post-mastectomy-chest-wall-and-supraclavicular-regions
#9
Anupama Darapu, Rajesh Balakrishnan, Patricia Sebastian, Mohamathu Rafic Kather Hussain, Paul Ravindran, Subhashini John
AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of the deep inspirational breath-hold (DIBH) technique and its dosimetric advantages over the free breathing (FB) technique in cardiac (heart and left anterior descending artery [LAD]) and ipsilateral lung sparing in left-sided post-mastectomy field-in-field conformal radiotherapy. DIBH is highly reproducible, and this study aims to find out its dosimetric benefits over FB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen left-sided mastectomy patients were immobilized using breast boards with both arms positioned above the head...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190762/optimal-fractionation-of-preoperative-radiotherapy-and-timing-to-surgery-for-rectal-cancer-stockholm-iii-a-multicentre-randomised-non-blinded-phase-3-non-inferiority-trial
#10
Johan Erlandsson, Torbjörn Holm, David Pettersson, Åke Berglund, Björn Cedermark, Calin Radu, Hemming Johansson, Mikael Machado, Fredrik Hjern, Olof Hallböök, Ingvar Syk, Bengt Glimelius, Anna Martling
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy reduces the risk of local recurrence in rectal cancer. However, the optimal radiotherapy fractionation and interval between radiotherapy and surgery is still under debate. We aimed to study recurrence in patients randomised between three different radiotherapy regimens with respect to fractionation and time to surgery. METHODS: In this multicentre, randomised, non-blinded, phase 3, non-inferiority trial (Stockholm III), all patients with a biopsy-proven adenocarcinoma of the rectum, without signs of non-resectability or distant metastases, without severe cardiovascular comorbidity, and planned for an abdominal resection from 18 Swedish hospitals were eligible...
February 9, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186616/introduction-of-robot-assisted-radical-hysterectomy-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer-impact-on-complications-costs-and-oncologic-outcome
#11
Emelie Wallin, Angelique Flöter Rådestad, Henrik Falconer
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to assess the impact of robot-assisted radical hysterectomy (RRH) on surgical and oncologic outcome and costs compared to open radical hysterectomy (ORH) at a tertiary referral center in Sweden. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective analysis all patients treated with radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy for early stage uterine cervical cancer during 2006 -2015 were included (n=304). The patients were divided into two groups, ORH (n=155) and RRH (n=149)...
February 10, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156660/attitudes-of-radiation-oncologists-toward-palliative-and-supportive-care-in-the-united-states-report-on-national-membership-survey-by-the-american-society-for-radiation-oncology-astro
#12
James B Yu, Malcolm Mattes, Adrienne Thrasher, Hui-Kuo George Shu, Jennifer F De Los Santos, Harald Paganetti, Bridget F Koontz, Christopher Abraham, Tracy A Balboni
105 Background: Radiation oncologists are frequently involved in providing palliative and supportive care (PSC) for patients with advanced cancers through delivery of palliative radiation. Whether they are confident in their ability to assess and initiate treatments for pain, non-pain, and psychosocial distress is unknown. The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) surveyed its practicing members in the United States on self-assessment of their primary PSC skills, and access to continuing medical education on PSC...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156610/decision-of-palliative-chemotherapy-in-late-stage-cancer-the-doctor-patient-relationship-and-the-decision-making-process-as-seen-by-an-oncologist
#13
Marie Pechard, Ivan Krakowski, Christophe Tournigand, Marcel-Louis Viallard
48 Background: We conducted a literature review on the administration of palliative chemotherapy in cancer patients at advanced stage. We wondered about ethical tensions encountered by the oncologists during the decision process to meet or not the patients' demand to have access to a palliative chemotherapy at a late stage of the disease. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, qualitative study of senior oncologists in university hospitals and cancer centers in France, by carrying out interviews with eleven oncologists...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156525/feasibility-of-a-physician-extender-approach-to-increase-advance-care-planning-uptake
#14
Cynthia Fanning
8 Background: Advanced care planning (ACP) for people with life-limiting cancer has been associated with improved patient quality of life and care more consistent with patient wishes. Nevertheless, even though approximately 70% of patients with a life-limiting illness will require the substituted judgment of a proxy, fewer than 25% of patients have documented goals of care. This poor uptake has been attributed to limits in physician time and ACP training. The current study evaluated the feasibility of utilizing a physician-extender trained in ACP best practices to overcome these barriers and improve ACP uptake...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156520/the-i-one-trial-integrative-oncology-education-for-patient-navigators-a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-web-based-distance-learning-with-or-without-small-group-retreat
#15
Karen Beard, Yuan Liu, Alice S Kerber
171 Background: One of the major barriers to implementation of an integrative oncology (IO) approach is appropriately trained providers. This trial investigated the effectiveness of a mixed method educational program versus web based learning only for oncology patient navigators relative to knowledge and application of IO modalities. METHODS: Patient navigators were randomized 1:1 to Web based education only (WEB) vs. WEB plus residential retreat (WEB+R). The trial was conducted as a randomized, two-group, pre-test/post-test design with 4 repeated measures...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156488/new-primary-palliative-care-pc-model-for-community-cancer-clinics-ccc
#16
Deborah Gray, Stephanie Struve, Carol Huibregtse, Qiaofang Chen
159 Background: Our CCC serving a mixed rural/urban population is part of a large integrated healthcare system in Eastern WI. The closest PC specialist/team is 45 miles away at one of the tertiary care facilities. To fill this service gap we implemented a primary PC model. An initial outpatient palliative care family conference (OFC) and use of cancer nurse navigators (CNN)are hallmarks of this program. METHODS: The VLCC, housed in a standalone facility is staffed by two medical oncologists and one radiation oncologist and has an infusion center and a full-fledged radiation oncology unit with support staff, including cancer nurse navigators, research nurses, social workers, a clinical psychologist, a pharmacist, a nutritionist, a therapy dog and a chaplain...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152936/improving-transitions-of-care-through-implementation-of-a-standardized-handoff-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#17
Mohamed Ait Aiss, Helene P Phu, Lakeisha R Day, Varkey Abraham, Karen Chen, Mejia Rodrigo, Shehla Razvi, Carmen E Gonzalez, Norman Brito-Dellan, Srinivas Banala, David Rubio, Nicole Vaughan-Adams, Debra S Ruiz, Tan Jens, Charles F Levenback, Michael M Frumovitz, Behrouz Zand, Carmelita P Escalante
242 Background: Communication failures cause two-thirds of sentinel events in hospitals. These adverse occurrences are often both fatal and preventable. Consequently, improving the quality of handoffs has been identified by multiple accreditation constituents as a top priority patient safety goal. This project was part of an institutional initiative to standardize handoffs among physicians, trainees, and midlevel providers. METHODS: Four subgroups were identified as pilot areas: Gynecologic Oncology (Gyn Onc) fellows to nocturnalists, Surgical Oncology fellows, Pediatric Oncology residents and fellows, and Emergency Center attending staff to inpatient hospitalists...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152795/integrated-post-surgical-colon-cancer-care-planning-at-the-rutgers-cancer-institute-of-new-jersey-and-robert-wood-johnson-university-hospital
#18
Kristen Donohue, Sondra Patella, Viktor Y Dombrovskiy, Rebecca Anne Moss, Nell Maloney Patel
75 Background: Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States each year. The use of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgical resection of colon cancer has been associated with a survival benefit. Timely initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy has been shown to have an effect on overall and disease-free survival. There is no integrated post-surgical colon cancer care planning for patients who have surgery at our institution. Poor understanding on the part of patients and ancillary providers regarding appropriate follow up may cause delay in time to adjuvant chemotherapy initiation...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152793/transitions-in-care-and-reduction-in-discharge-errors
#19
Tara Szyamnski, Megan Begnoche, Carol Chase, Michelle Moreau, Jessica Barnett
77 Background: Patients are often overwhelmed at the time of hospital discharge and focus on home rather than the discharge process. Fragmented communication and lack of planning between the hospital team, patient, family and primary oncologist can lead to frustration and delays in implementation of palliative or curative therapies and potential hospital readmission when the plan of care is not followed in a timely manner. Our goal is to avoid medication errors, delays in implementation of a care plan and reemergence of symptoms or new symptoms as a result of a suboptimal discharge transition...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152753/data-driven-quality-improvement-in-an-oncology-patient-centered-medical-home
#20
Maureen Lowry, Brian Flounders, Susan Higman Tofani
54 Background: In a 2012 abstract, Data driven transformation for an Oncology Patient-Centered Medical Home, Consultants in Medical Oncology (CMOH) demonstrated that standardized processes and enhanced IT capabilities (IRIS software app) provided a rapid learning system for the practice. Iris aggregated data became the basis for Quality Improvement Projects (QIPs) allowing CMOH to continue to improve in quality and cost measures. Deviation from performance trend is readily identifiable, providing operational direction...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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