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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436742/training-pediatric-fellows-in-palliative-care-a-pilot-comparison-of-simulation-training-and-didactic-education
#1
Katharine E Brock, Harvey J Cohen, Barbara M Sourkes, Julie J Good, Louis P Halamek
BACKGROUND: Pediatric fellows receive little palliative care (PC) education and have few opportunities to practice communication skills. OBJECTIVE: In this pilot study, we assessed (1) the relative effectiveness of simulation-based versus didactic education, (2) communication skill retention, and (3) effect on PC consultation rates. DESIGN: Thirty-five pediatric fellows in cardiology, critical care, hematology/oncology, and neonatology at two institutions enrolled: 17 in the intervention (simulation-based) group (single institution) and 18 in the control (didactic education) group (second institution)...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411323/practice-patterns-for-the-prophylaxis-and-treatment-of-acute-radiation-dermatitis-in-the-united-states
#2
Patricia Lucey, Christos Zouzias, Loren Franco, Sravana K Chennupati, Shalom Kalnicki, Beth N McLellan
PURPOSE: Due to the inconclusive evidence for available treatment options, management of radiation dermatitis (RD) varies among practitioners. This study defines and reviews the current treatment patterns for RD in the USA, providing guidance for practicing physicians as well as directions for future research. METHODS: An online survey of 21 questions was emailed to all 5626 members of the 2013 American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) directory, which included radiation oncologists, residents, fellows, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, registered nurses and other care providers...
April 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408620/oncofertility-fertile-ground-for-conflict-between-patient-autonomy-and-medical-values
#3
Sarah K Walsh, Elizabeth S Ginsburg, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, Ann H Partridge
Oncofertility is a unique, multidisciplinary field that serves to bridge the gap between available fertility resources and the special reproductive needs of cancer patients. Oncofertility is a growing field due to the increasing number of survivors, development of new oncologic therapies, extension of duration of therapies, and development and refinement of reproductive therapies. While the technologies and demand for services expand, clinicians need to be appropriately prepared for dealing with various clinical scenarios that may require ethical deliberation...
April 13, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406101/emotional-intelligence-a-unique-group-training-in-a-hematology-oncology-unit
#4
Tamar Tadmor, Niva Dolev, Dina Attias, Ayalla Reuven Lelong, Amnon Rofe
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) is increasingly viewed as one of the important skills required for a successful career and personal life. Consequently, efforts have been made to improve personal and group performance in EI, mostly in commercial organizations. However, these programs have not been widely applied in the health field. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of a unique special EI interventional process within the framework of an active hematology-oncology unit in a general hospital...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393339/-the-status-change-and-health-issues-of-inpatients-sixth-vital-sign-in-a-medical-center
#5
Li-Ying Lin, Ya-Hui Huang, Chung-Lung Hung, Ya-Mei Chen, Ching-Ju Kuo, Yan-Chiou Ku
BACKGROUND: Hospitalized patients generally have elevated levels of emotional distress. Gaining a better under-standing of the problem of emotional distress among hospitalized patients is conducive to providing appropriate emotional care and promoting their recovery. PURPOSE: To analyze the scores for the "sixth vital sign" (i.e., emotional distress), diversification, and the health-related problems of hospitalized patients at a medical center in Taiwan. The results may offer an important reference for providing effective emotional care to hospitalized patients...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391984/-french-national-survey-on-incoming-phone-calls-in-oncology-departments
#6
Florence Joly, Aline Guillot, Yann-Alexandre Vano, Dominique Spaeth, Delphine Topart, Pascal Roffet, Rachid El Amarti, Ali Hasbini, Aude Fléchon
INTRODUCTION: Oral therapies have shifted the follow-up of patients with cancer from hospital to home. As a consequence, the number of incoming calls has increased. To understand the source, reasons, management and burden of calls, we underwent a French national survey. The objective was to describe the way calls are managed in oncology departments. METHODS: The study was a prospective survey in a representative sample of French oncology specialists using oral therapies...
April 6, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390420/partnering-with-patients-in-translational-oncology-research-ethical-approach
#7
Marie-France Mamzer, Nathalie Duchange, Sylviane Darquy, Patrice Marvanne, Claude Rambaud, Giovanna Marsico, Catherine Cerisey, Florian Scotté, Anita Burgun, Cécile Badoual, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Christian Hervé
BACKGROUND: The research program CARPEM (cancer research and personalized medicine) brings together the expertise of researchers and hospital-based oncologists to develop translational research in the context of personalized or "precision" medicine for cancer. There is recognition that patient involvement can help to take into account their needs and priorities in the development of this emerging practice but there is currently no consensus about how this can be achieved. In this study, we developed an empirical ethical research action aiming to improve patient representatives' involvement in the development of the translational research program together with health professionals...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389798/total-robotic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
Michail Kornaropoulos, Demetrios Moris, Eliza W Beal, Marinos C Makris, Apostolos Mitrousias, Athanasios Petrou, Evangelos Felekouras, Adamantios Michalinos, Michail Vailas, Dimitrios Schizas, Alexandros Papalampros
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a complex operation with high perioperative morbidity and mortality, even in the highest volume centers. Since the development of the robotic platform, the number of reports on robotic-assisted pancreatic surgery has been on the rise. This article reviews the current state of completely robotic PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed including studies published between January 2000 and July 2016 reporting PDs in which all procedural steps (dissection, resection and reconstruction) were performed robotically...
April 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383822/preparing-childhood-cancer-survivors-for-transition-to-adult-care-the-young-adult-perspective
#9
Natasha N Frederick, Sharon L Bober, Lexie Berwick, Mary Tower, Lisa B Kenney
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) remain at risk for developing treatment-associated health conditions as they age; however, many do not obtain recommended follow-up, putting them at unnecessary risk for morbidity. Educational interventions targeted at providing survivors with the knowledge and skills necessary for healthcare independence might improve adherence and outcomes as they transition care to the adult medical system. OBJECTIVE: To identify informational needs, educational preferences, and support that young adult CCSs perceive as beneficial for transition from pediatric to adult medical care...
April 6, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377137/hazards-and-incidents-detection-and-learning-in-radiation-medicine-a-comparison-of-2-educational-interventions
#10
Robert Thompson, Yilan Lu, Marc Potvin, Jordan Holmes, Lisa Di Prospero, Brian Keller, Ewa Szumacher, Brian Liszewski, Pamela Catton, Meredith Giuliani, Bethany Pitcher, Melania Pintilie, Jean-Pierre Bissonnette
PURPOSE: Interprofessional, educational live simulations were compared with group discussion-based exercises in terms of their ability to improve radiation medicine trainees' ability to detect hazards and incidents and understand behaviors that may prevent them. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Trainees and recent graduates of radiation therapy, medical physics, and radiation oncology programs were recruited and randomized to either a simulation-based or group discussion-based training intervention...
February 27, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374229/the-impact-of-curriculum-design-in-the-acquisition-of-knowledge-of-oncology-comparison-among-four-medical-schools
#11
Dario Cecilio-Fernandes, Wytze S Aalders, André J A Bremers, René A Tio, Jakob de Vries
Over the past 5 years, cancer has replaced coronary heart disease as the leading cause of death in the Netherlands. It is thus paramount that medical doctors acquire a knowledge of cancer, since most of them will face many patients with cancer. Studies, however, have indicated that there is a deficit in knowledge of oncology among medical students, which may be due not only to the content but also to the structure of the curriculum. In this study, we compared students' knowledge acquisition in four different undergraduate medical programs...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368531/academic-productivity-of-us-neurosurgery-residents-as-measured-by-h-index-program-ranking-with-correlation-to-faculty-productivity
#12
Christopher A Sarkiss, Kyle J Riley, Christopher M Hernandez, Eric K Oermann, Travis R Ladner, Joshua B Bederson, Raj K Shrivastava
Engagement in research and academic productivity are crucial components in the training of a neurosurgeon. This process typically begins in residency training. In this study, we analyzed individual resident productivity as it correlated to publications across all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited neurosurgery training programs in an attempt to identify how programs have developed and fostered a research culture and environment. We obtained a list of current neurosurgery residents in ACGME-accredited programs from the American Association of Neurological Surgeons database...
March 29, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366578/industry-funding-among-leadership-in-medical-oncology-and-radiation-oncology-in-2015
#13
Stella K Yoo, Awad A Ahmed, Jan Ileto, Nicholas G Zaorsky, Curtiland Deville, Emma B Holliday, Lynn D Wilson, Reshma Jagsi, Charles R Thomas
PURPOSE: To quantify and determine the relationship between oncology departmental/division heads and private industry vis-à-vis potential financial conflict of interests (FCOIs) as publicly reported by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Open Payments database. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We extracted the names of the chairs/chiefs in medical oncology (MO) and chairs of radiation oncology (RO) for 81 different institutions with both RO and MO training programs as reported by the Association of American Medical Colleges...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366572/development-of-a-quality-and-safety-competency-curriculum-for-radiation-oncology-residency-an-international-delphi-study
#14
Jenna Adleman, Caitlin Gillan, Amanda Caissie, Carol-Anne Davis, Brian Liszewski, Andrea McNiven, Meredith Giuliani
PURPOSE: To develop an entry-to-practice quality and safety competency profile for radiation oncology residency. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A comprehensive list of potential quality and safety competency items was generated from public and professional resources and interprofessional focus groups. Redundant or out-of-scope items were eliminated through investigator consensus. Remaining items were subjected to an international 2-round modified Delphi process involving experts in radiation oncology, radiation therapy, and medical physics...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361359/medical-student-oncology-congress-designed-and-implemented-by-brazilian-medical-students
#15
Celeste Rodovalho Soares de Camargo, Jean Henri Maselli Schoueri, Felippe Lazar Neto, Paola Boaro Segalla, Auro Del Giglio, Daniel I G Cubero
Oncology is an essential field of medicine; however, its teaching is occasionally underemphasized and uncoordinated during medical school. An alternative method of providing additional oncological information to medical students is through extracurricular activities, such as congresses and medical student associations. The aim of this paper is to describe a Medical Student Oncology Congress entirely designed and organized by medical students. Three medical students from oncology study and research groups identified the gap in oncology training at universities and decided to organize a congress for students...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361329/implementation-of-safeguards-to-improve-patient-safety-in-chemotherapy
#16
M J Huertas-Fernández, Mª J Martínez-Bautista, M E Rodríguez-Mateos, M Zarzuela-Ramírez, T Muñoz-Lucero, J M Baena-Cañada
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of safeguards introduced in the process of using cytostatic agents for increasing the safety of oncology patients. METHODS: Prospective hospital study conducted in two stages, before and after the implementation of safeguards: staff training, standardized procedures, computerized prescription, pharmaceutical validation, implementation of bar codes, and a new manual on drug interactions. Medication errors (MEs) were actively recorded during the process of administering chemotherapy in the Medical Oncology Department...
March 30, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336202/medical-surgical-activity-and-the-current-state-of-training-of-urology-residents-in-spain-results-of-a-national-survey
#17
M E Rodríguez-Socarrás, J Gómez Rivas, M García-Sanz, L Pesquera, L Tortolero-Blanco, M Ciappara, A Melnick, J Colombo, G Patruno, Á Serrano-Pascual, J Bachiller-Burgos, J M Cozar-Olmo
OBJECTIVES: To determine the actual state of medical-surgical activity and training for urology residents in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We designed 2 anonymous surveys, which were uploaded with the Google Docs(©) tool so that the respondents could answer the surveys online. The online collection period was September 2015 to January 2016. The collected data were processing using the statistical programme IBM SPSS for Windows, Version 21.0 and the programme R version 3...
March 20, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328309/ibpro-a-novel-short-duration-teaching-course-in-advanced-physics-and-biology-underlying-cancer-radiotherapy
#18
Michael C Joiner, Monica W Tracey, Sara E Kacin, Jay W Burmeister
This article provides a summary and status report of the ongoing advanced education program IBPRO - Integrated course in Biology and Physics of Radiation Oncology. IBPRO is a five-year program funded by NCI. It addresses the recognized deficiency in the number of mentors available who have the required knowledge and skill to provide the teaching and training that is required for future radiation oncologists and researchers in radiation sciences. Each year, IBPRO brings together 50 attendees typically at assistant professor level and upwards, who are already qualified/certified radiation oncologists, medical physicists or biologists...
March 22, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325238/radiation-oncology-quality-and-safety-considerations-in-low-resource-settings-a-medical-physics-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Jacob Van Dyk, Ahmed Meghzifene
The past few years have seen a significant growth of interest in the global radiation therapy (RT) crisis. Various organizations have quantified the need and are providing aid in support of addressing the shortfalls existing in many low-to-middle income countries. With the tremendous demand for new facilities, equipment, and personnel, it is very important to recognize the quality and safety challenges and to address them directly. An examination of publications on quality and safety in RT indicates a consistency in a number of the recommendations; however, these authoritative reports were generally based on input from high-resourced contexts...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275809/-treatments-of-second-mesiobuccal-canals-in-maxillary-permanent-molar-a-report-of-2-cases
#20
Yan-Pei Wei, Hong-Xia Fan, Liang Chen, Xue Zhang, Jing-Tao Yu
With the increasing maturation of 3D printing technology, as well as its application in various industries, investigation of 3D printing technology into clinic medical education becomes an important task of the current medical education. The teaching content of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology is complicated and diverse, making lower understanding/memorizing efficiency and insufficient skill training. To overcome the disadvantage of traditional teaching method, it is necessary to introduce 3D printing technique into teaching of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology, in order to improve the teaching quality and problem solving capabilities, and finally promote cultivation of skilled and innovative talents...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
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