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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777175/artificial-intelligence-in-radiology
#1
REVIEW
Ahmed Hosny, Chintan Parmar, John Quackenbush, Lawrence H Schwartz, Hugo J W L Aerts
Artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms, particularly deep learning, have demonstrated remarkable progress in image-recognition tasks. Methods ranging from convolutional neural networks to variational autoencoders have found myriad applications in the medical image analysis field, propelling it forward at a rapid pace. Historically, in radiology practice, trained physicians visually assessed medical images for the detection, characterization and monitoring of diseases. AI methods excel at automatically recognizing complex patterns in imaging data and providing quantitative, rather than qualitative, assessments of radiographic characteristics...
May 17, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771224/discipline-specific-competency-based-curricula-for-leadership-learning-in-medical-specialty-training
#2
Sandra Turner, Ming-Ka Chan, Judy McKimm, Graham Dickson, Timothy Shaw
Purpose Doctors play a central role in leading improvements to healthcare systems. Leadership knowledge and skills are not inherent, however, and need to be learned. General frameworks for medical leadership guide curriculum development in this area. Explicit discipline-linked competency sets and programmes provide context for learning and likely enhance specialty trainees' capability for leadership at all levels. The aim of this review was to summarise the scholarly literature available around medical specialty-specific competency-based curricula for leadership in the post-graduate training space...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764891/developing-a-complex-intervention-to-support-timely-engagement-with-palliative-care-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer-in-primary-and-secondary-care-in-the-uk-a-study-protocol
#3
Julia Hackett, Hilary Bekker, Michael I Bennett, Paul Carder, Jean Gallagher, Claire Henry, Suzanne Kite, Sally Taylor, Galina Velikova, Lucy Ziegler
INTRODUCTION: For patients with advanced cancer, timely access to palliative care can improve quality of life and enable patients to participate in decisions about their end-of-life care. However, in a UK population of 2500 patients who died from cancer, one-third did not receive specialist palliative care, and of those who did, the duration of involvement was too short to maximise the benefits. Initiating a conversation about palliative care is challenging for some health professionals and patients often have unmet information needs and misconceptions about palliative care...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754777/international-validation-of-the-consensus-immunoscore-for-the-classification-of-colon-cancer-a-prognostic-and-accuracy-study
#4
Franck Pagès, Bernhard Mlecnik, Florence Marliot, Gabriela Bindea, Fang-Shu Ou, Carlo Bifulco, Alessandro Lugli, Inti Zlobec, Tilman T Rau, Martin D Berger, Iris D Nagtegaal, Elisa Vink-Börger, Arndt Hartmann, Carol Geppert, Julie Kolwelter, Susanne Merkel, Robert Grützmann, Marc Van den Eynde, Anne Jouret-Mourin, Alex Kartheuser, Daniel Léonard, Christophe Remue, Julia Y Wang, P Bavi, Michael H A Roehrl, Pamela S Ohashi, Linh T Nguyen, SeongJun Han, Heather L MacGregor, Sara Hafezi-Bakhtiari, Bradly G Wouters, Giuseppe V Masucci, Emilia K Andersson, Eva Zavadova, Michal Vocka, Jan Spacek, Lubos Petruzelka, Bohuslav Konopasek, Pavel Dundr, Helena Skalova, Kristyna Nemejcova, Gerardo Botti, Fabiana Tatangelo, Paolo Delrio, Gennaro Ciliberto, Michele Maio, Luigi Laghi, Fabio Grizzi, Tessa Fredriksen, Bénédicte Buttard, Mihaela Angelova, Angela Vasaturo, Pauline Maby, Sarah E Church, Helen K Angell, Lucie Lafontaine, Daniela Bruni, Carine El Sissy, Nacilla Haicheur, Amos Kirilovsky, Anne Berger, Christine Lagorce, Jeffrey P Meyers, Christopher Paustian, Zipei Feng, Carmen Ballesteros-Merino, Jeroen Dijkstra, Carlijn van de Water, Shannon van Lent-van Vliet, Nikki Knijn, Ana-Maria Mușină, Dragos-Viorel Scripcariu, Boryana Popivanova, Mingli Xu, Tomonobu Fujita, Shoichi Hazama, Nobuaki Suzuki, Hiroaki Nagano, Kiyotaka Okuno, Toshihiko Torigoe, Noriyuki Sato, Tomohisa Furuhata, Ichiro Takemasa, Kyogo Itoh, Prabhu S Patel, Hemangini H Vora, Birva Shah, Jayendrakumar B Patel, Kruti N Rajvik, Shashank J Pandya, Shilin N Shukla, Yili Wang, Guanjun Zhang, Yutaka Kawakami, Francesco M Marincola, Paolo A Ascierto, Daniel J Sargent, Bernard A Fox, Jérôme Galon
BACKGROUND: The estimation of risk of recurrence for patients with colon carcinoma must be improved. A robust immune score quantification is needed to introduce immune parameters into cancer classification. The aim of the study was to assess the prognostic value of total tumour-infiltrating T-cell counts and cytotoxic tumour-infiltrating T-cells counts with the consensus Immunoscore assay in patients with stage I-III colon cancer. METHODS: An international consortium of 14 centres in 13 countries, led by the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer, assessed the Immunoscore assay in patients with TNM stage I-III colon cancer...
May 10, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741571/struggling-with-nutrition-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-nutrition-and-nourishment-focusing-on-metabolism-and-supportive-care
#5
J Arends
Patients with advanced cancer are at high risk of losing vital body resources resulting in malnutrition, immunodeficiency, impaired quality of life and worse clinical outcome. Prominent among the diverse factors contributing to this complex condition are metabolic derangements characterized by systemic inflammation, catabolism and accumulating changes in body composition. Because cure in advanced cancer still remains elusive, optimal supportive and integrated palliative care are required to allow patients to tolerate aggressive or long-term anticancer treatments, to maintain an adequate quality of life or to stay the course of advancing disease...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737245/palliative-care-volunteerism-across-the-healthcare-system-a-survey-study
#6
Steven Vanderstichelen, Dirk Houttekier, Joachim Cohen, Yanna Van Wesemael, Luc Deliens, Kenneth Chambaere
BACKGROUND: Volunteers fulfil several roles in supporting terminally ill people and their relatives and can positively influence quality of care. Healthcare in many countries faces resource constraints and some governments now expect communities to provide an increasing proportion of palliative care. However, systematic insights into volunteer presence, tasks and training and organisational challenges for volunteerism are lacking. AIM: Describe organised volunteerism in palliative direct patient care across the Flemish healthcare system (Belgium)...
May 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730915/-the-status-quo-and-analysis-of-quality-control-of-cancer-chemotherapy-in-76-hospitals-in-beijing
#7
T L Qiu, P W Yang, G H Li, F Ma, T Gao, W L Lin, J H Ma, L H Wang
Objective: Investigated the status quo of quality control of cancer chemotherapy in hospitals in Beijing to discover the main problems and provide the improvement measures. Methods: One medical record of cancer chemotherapy was taken every month for examination of quality control, and a total of 10 medical records in each hospital were examined. A total of 756 medical records from 76 hospitals were examined. Results: The results of analysis showed that the overall standardization and quality control of cancer chemotherapy was positively correlated with the grade of hospital...
April 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714695/the-role-of-dental-care-providers-in-the-management-of-patients-prescribed-bisphosphonates-brief-clinical-guidance
#8
Hassan H Abed, Elham N Al-Sahafi
Dental care providers are likely to see patients who take bisphosphonates for various medical conditions, including osteoporosis, bony metastatic tumors, multiple myeloma, breast cancer, and prostate cancer. Bisphosphonates accumulate in areas of high bone turnover, leading to suppression of bone turnover and the aging of keratocytes. These adverse effects predispose the maxillary and mandibular bone to development of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), specifically among oncology patients treated with intravenous bisphosphonate therapy...
May 2018: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706029/oncologist-provision-of-smoking-cessation-support-a-national-survey-of-australian-medical-and-radiation-oncologists
#9
Fiona L Day, Emma Sherwood, Tina Y Chen, Margaret Barbouttis, Megan Varlow, Jarad Martin, Marianne Weber, Freddy Sitas, Christine Paul
AIM: Continued smoking in patients diagnosed with cancer affects treatment outcomes and overall survival. With national surveys of Australian medical oncologists (MO) and radiation oncologists (RO) we sought to determine current clinical practices, preferences and barriers in providing patient smoking cessation support. METHODS: Oncologist members of the Medical Oncology Group of Australia (n = 452) and Trans-Tasman Radiation Oncology Group (n = 230) were invited to participate in a multiple choice survey exploring smoking cessation practices and beliefs...
April 29, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693501/improving-research-in-radiation-oncology-through-interdisciplinary-collaboration
#10
Jay W Burmeister, Monica W Tracey, Sara E Kacin, Michael M Dominello, Michael C Joiner
The contribution of radiation oncology to the future of cancer treatment depends significantly on our continued clinical progress and future research advancements. Such progress relies on multidisciplinary collaboration among radiation oncologists, medical physicists and radiobiologists. Cultivating collaborative educational and research opportunities among these three disciplines and further investing in the infrastructure used to train both clinicians and researchers will therefore help us improve the future of cancer care...
April 25, 2018: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662528/oncoplastic-surgery-for-the-conservative-treatment-of-breast-cancer-in-per%C3%A3%C2%BA-s-national-cancer-institute
#11
Gonzalo Javier Ziegler Rodriguez, Marcelo Diaz Chavez, Gabriela Guadalupe Calderon Valencia, Jose Manuel Cotrina Concha, Milko Raphael Garces Castre, Raul Mantilla
Background: Oncoplastic surgery for breast cancer (OPS) has been a surgical trend for the past 25 years. In 2012, OPS has been introduced as the standard treatment for a selected group of patients at the National Cancer Institute of Peru (INEN). The aim of this study is to describe our findings. Methods: This is a retrospective and descriptive study that identified demographics, tumour-pathologic features and includes patients solely treated since diagnosis until late follow-up at INEN...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649905/the-effect-of-acupressure-on-pain-in-cancer-patients-with-bone-metastasis-a-nonrandomized-controlled-trial
#12
Sibel Serçe, Özlem Ovayolu, Lütfiye Pirbudak, Nimet Ovayolu
BACKGROUND: Pain is a serious and common problem in bone metastases. For this purpose, complementary and supportive practices are also applied along with medical treatment. This study was conducted for the purpose of evaluating the effect of acupressure on pain in cancer patients with bone metastasis. METHODS: The study was conducted in a nonrandomized controlled trial with patients who applied to the radiotherapy unit of an oncology hospital. The data of the study were collected by using a questionnaire and the Visual Analog Scale...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625810/enlight-european-network-for-light-ion-hadron-therapy
#13
REVIEW
Manjit Dosanjh, Ugo Amaldi, Ramona Mayer, Richard Poetter
The European Network for Light Ion Hadron Therapy (ENLIGHT) was established in 2002 following various European particle therapy network initiatives during the 1980s and 1990s (e.g. EORTC task group, EULIMA/PIMMS accelerator design). ENLIGHT started its work on major topics related to hadron therapy (HT), such as patient selection, clinical trials, technology, radiobiology, imaging and health economics. It was initiated through CERN and ESTRO and dealt with various disciplines such as (medical) physics and engineering, radiation biology and radiation oncology...
April 3, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620814/impact-of-trained-oncology-financial-navigators-on-patient-out-of-pocket-spending
#14
Todd Yezefski, Jordan Steelquist, Kate Watabayashi, Dan Sherman, Veena Shankaran
OBJECTIVES: Patients with cancer often face financial hardships, including loss of productivity, high out-of-pocket (OOP) costs, depletion of savings, and bankruptcy. By providing financial guidance and assistance through specially trained navigators, hospitals and cancer care clinics may be able mitigate the financial burdens to patients and also minimize financial losses for the treating institutions. STUDY DESIGN: Financial navigators at 4 hospitals were trained through The NaVectis Group, an organization that provides training to healthcare staff to increase patient access to care and assist with OOP expenses...
March 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611248/alexithymia-and-perception-of-illness-in-patients-with-cancer
#15
A Okanli, E Y Karabulutlu, S Asi Karakaş, Ö Şahin Altun, N Yildirim
This study aimed to determine how alexithymia affects the perception of illness in patients with cancer. This was a descriptive study conducted at the Atatürk University Health, Research and Practice Hospital and the Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital's Medical Oncology Clinic and Chemotherapy Unit. The study data were collected between July 2013 and January 2014. In total, data were collected from 283 patients with cancer. The data were collected using questionnaires enquiring about demographic and medical information: the IPQ and TAS-20...
April 2, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609931/development-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-a-tool-assessing-hypnotic-communication-behaviours-adopted-by-nurses-caring-for-children-with-cancer-the-sainte-justine-hypnotic-communication-assessment-scale
#16
Jennifer Aramideh, Terry Mizrahi, Marie-Claude Charest, Caroline Plante, Michel Duval, Serge Sultan
BACKGROUND: Several studies in pediatric oncology have shown the successful effects of using hypnotic communication techniques (HCTech) during painful medical procedures. Since no studies assessed the precise use of these techniques with a validated tool, it is unsure that the observed relationships involve the use of HCTech. OBJECTIVES: To develop a scale evaluating healthcare professionals' behaviours when using HCTech and to evaluate its inter-rater reliability...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587749/folfiri-plus-panitumumab-in-the-treatment-of-wild-type-kras-and-wild-type-nras-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#17
Caglayan Geredeli, Nurgul Yasar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of first-line panitumumab plus folinic acid, 5-fluorouracil and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) in patients with wild-type KRAS and wild-type NRAS metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). METHODS: Patients with wild-type KRAS and wild-type NRAS mCRC presenting to the medical oncology department of the Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital in Istanbul, Turkey, between April 2014 and January 2018 were enrolled in this study...
March 27, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547596/nonspecialty-nurse-education-evaluation-of-the-oncology-intensives-initiative-an-oncology-curriculum-to-improve-patient-care
#18
Kimberly A Bagley, Sarah E Dunn, Eliseu Y Chuang, Victoria J Dorr, Julie A Thompson, Sophia K Smith
BACKGROUND: A community hospital combined its medical and surgical patients with cancer on one unit, which resulted in nurses not trained in oncology caring for this patient population. OBJECTIVES: The Oncology Intensives Initiative (ONCii) involved the (a) design and implementation of a daylong didactic boot camp class and a four-hour simulation session and (b) the examination of nurses' worries, attitudes, self-efficacy, and perception of interdisciplinary teamwork...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533270/the-influence-of-formal-and-informal-policies-and-practices-on-health-care-innovation-implementation-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#19
Lisa D DiMartino, Sarah A Birken, Laura C Hanson, Justin G Trogdon, Alecia S Clary, Morris Weinberger, Katherine Reeder-Hayes, Bryan J Weiner
BACKGROUND: The implementation science literature has contributed important insights regarding the influence of formal policies and practices on health care innovation implementation, whereas informal implementation policies and practices have garnered little attention. The broader literature suggests that informal implementation policies and practices could also influence innovation use. PURPOSE: We used the Organizational Theory of Innovation Implementation to further understand the role of formal and informal implementation policies and practices as determinants of implementation effectiveness...
March 12, 2018: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531846/enabling-histopathological-annotations-on-immunofluorescent-images-through-virtualization-of-hematoxylin-and-eosin
#20
Amal Lahiani, Eldad Klaiman, Oliver Grimm
Context: Medical diagnosis and clinical decisions rely heavily on the histopathological evaluation of tissue samples, especially in oncology. Historically, classical histopathology has been the gold standard for tissue evaluation and assessment by pathologists. The most widely and commonly used dyes in histopathology are hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) as most malignancies diagnosis is largely based on this protocol. H&E staining has been used for more than a century to identify tissue characteristics and structures morphologies that are needed for tumor diagnosis...
2018: Journal of Pathology Informatics
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