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medical oncology training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898067/the-need-for-multidisciplinarity-in-specialist-training-to-optimize-future-patient-care
#1
REVIEW
Alison C Tree, Victoria Harding, Aneel Bhangu, Venkatesh Krishnasamy, Dion Morton, Justin Stebbing, Bradford J Wood, Ricky A Sharma
Harmonious interactions between radiation, medical, interventional and surgical oncologists, as well as other members of multidisciplinary teams, are essential for the optimization of patient care in oncology. This multidisciplinary approach is particularly important in the current landscape, in which standard-of-care approaches to cancer treatment are evolving towards highly targeted treatments, precise image guidance and personalized cancer therapy. Herein, we highlight the importance of multidisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity at all levels of clinical oncology training...
November 29, 2016: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888945/radiology-as-the-point-of-cancer-patient-and-care%C3%A2-team-engagement-applying-the-4r-model-at%C3%A2-a-patient-s-breast-cancer-care-initiation
#2
Christine B Weldon, Sarah M Friedewald, Swati A Kulkarni, Melissa A Simon, Ruth C Carlos, Jonathan B Strauss, Mikele M Bunce, Art Small, Julia R Trosman
Radiologists aspire to improve patient experience and engagement, as part of the Triple Aim of health reform. Patient engagement requires active partnerships among health providers and patients, and rigorous teamwork provides a mechanism for this. Patient and care team engagement are crucial at the time of cancer diagnosis and care initiation but are complicated by the necessity to orchestrate many interdependent consultations and care events in a short time. Radiology often serves as the patient entry point into the cancer care system, especially for breast cancer...
December 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884677/mastery-based-virtual-reality-robotic-simulation-curriculum-the-first-step-toward-operative-robotic-proficiency
#3
Melissa E Hogg, Vernissia Tam, Mazen Zenati, Stephanie Novak, Jennifer Miller, Amer H Zureikat, Herbert J Zeh
OBJECTIVE: Hepatobiliary surgery is a highly complex, low-volume specialty with long learning curves necessary to achieve optimal outcomes. This creates significant challenges in both training and measuring surgical proficiency. We hypothesize that a virtual reality curriculum with mastery-based simulation is a valid tool to train fellows toward operative proficiency. This study evaluates the content and predictive validity of robotic simulation curriculum as a first step toward developing a comprehensive, proficiency-based pathway...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882074/survival-prediction-and-feature-selection-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-using-support-vector-regression
#4
Shahrbanoo Goli, Hossein Mahjub, Javad Faradmal, Hoda Mashayekhi, Ali-Reza Soltanian
The Support Vector Regression (SVR) model has been broadly used for response prediction. However, few researchers have used SVR for survival analysis. In this study, a new SVR model is proposed and SVR with different kernels and the traditional Cox model are trained. The models are compared based on different performance measures. We also select the best subset of features using three feature selection methods: combination of SVR and statistical tests, univariate feature selection based on concordance index, and recursive feature elimination...
2016: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877212/early-integration-of-palliative-care-in-oncology-practice-results-of-the-italian-association-of-medical-oncology-aiom-survey
#5
Vittorina Zagonel, Riccardo Torta, Vittorio Franciosi, Antonella Brunello, Guido Biasco, Daniela Cattaneo, Luigi Cavanna, Domenico Corsi, Gabriella Farina, Luisa Fioretto, Teresa Gamucci, Gaetano Lanzetta, Roberto Magarotto, Marco Maltoni, Cataldo Mastromauro, Barbara Melotti, Fausto Meriggi, Ida Pavese, Erico Piva, Cosimo Sacco, Giuseppe Tonini, Leonardo Trentin, Paola Ermacora, Antonella Varetto, Federica Merlin, Stefania Gori, Stefano Cascinu, Carmine Pinto
BACKGROUND: Early integration of palliative care in oncology practice ("simultaneous care", SC) has been shown to provide better care resulting in improved quality-of-life and also survival. We evaluated the opinions of Italian Association of Medical Oncology (AIOM) members. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 37-item questionnaire was delivered to 1119 AIOM members. Main areas covered were: social, ethical, relational aspects of disease and communication, training, research, organizational and management models in SC...
2016: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875849/-short-and-long-term-results-in-operable-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinomas-from-a-cooperation-between-two-departments-gastroenterology-visceral-surgery-at-non-university-hospitals-benchmarked-to-results-of-expert-centers
#6
W Dippold, V Sivanathan, K Statt, M Roitman, K H Link
The only curative approach in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is resection, which is possible only in 15 - 30 % of patients. Local tumor spread or distant metastases are contraindications for resection in the majority of patients. Surgical-oncological quality with short- and long-term results are varying tremendously, so that "expertise/quality" are associated to hospital- or surgeon's volume and/or center formation. The treatment results also depend, to a great extent, on the medical diagnostic quality...
November 22, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873183/interdisciplinary-oncology-education-a-national-survey-of-trainees-and-program-directors-in-the-united-states
#7
Adil S Akthar, Christopher D Hellekson, Sabha Ganai, Olwen M Hahn, Ronald J Maggiore, Ezra E Cohen, Mitchell C Posner, Steven J Chmura, Andrew R Howard, Daniel W Golden
Oncologists must have a strong understanding of collaborating specialties in order to deliver optimal cancer care. The objective of this study was to quantify current interdisciplinary oncology education among oncology training programs across the USA, identify effective teaching modalities, and assess communication skills training. Web-based surveys were sent to oncology trainees and program directors (PDs) across the USA on April 1, 2013 and October 8, 2013, respectively. Question responses were Yes/No, five-point Likert scales (1 = not at all, 2 = somewhat, 3 = moderately, 4 = quite, 5 = extremely), or free response...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872525/experiences-of-breast-cancer-survivors-with-oncology-settings-in-urban-india-qualitative-findings
#8
Michelle S Barthakur, Mahendra P Sharma, Santosh K Chaturvedi, Suraj K Manjunath
The experience of diagnosis and treatment of cancer leads to significant changes within an individual. In the course of survivorship trajectory, very often cancer survivors are left with the sense, improvements could be done to enhance the quality of cancer care. This article focuses on experiences of breast cancer survivors with oncology setting in urban India. Data was collected from 15 women in South and East India using in-depth interview method. Qualitative interview data was analysed using descriptive phenomenology method...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868581/2016-updated-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-oncology-nursing-society-chemotherapy-administration-safety-standards-including-standards-for-pediatric-oncology
#9
Michael N Neuss, Terry R Gilmore, Kristin M Belderson, Amy L Billett, Tara Conti-Kalchik, Brittany E Harvey, Carolyn Hendricks, Kristine B LeFebvre, Pamela B Mangu, Kristen McNiff, MiKaela Olsen, Lisa Schulmeister, Ann Von Gehr, Martha Polovich
Purpose To update the ASCO/Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards and to highlight standards for pediatric oncology. Methods The ASCO/ONS Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards were first published in 2009 and updated in 2011 to include inpatient settings. A subsequent 2013 revision expanded the standards to include the safe administration and management of oral chemotherapy. A joint ASCO/ONS workshop with stakeholder participation, including that of the Association of Pediatric Hematology Oncology Nurses and American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, was held on May 12, 2015, to review the 2013 standards...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864201/precision-medicine-in-oncology-new-practice-models-and-roles-for-oncology-pharmacists
#10
Christine Walko, Patrick J Kiel, Jill Kolesar
PURPOSE: Three different precision medicine practice models developed by oncology pharmacists are described, including strategies for implementation and recommendations for educating the next generation of oncology pharmacy practitioners. SUMMARY: Oncology is unique in that somatic mutations can both drive the development of a tumor and serve as a therapeutic target for treating the cancer. Precision medicine practice models are a forum through which interprofessional teams, including pharmacists, discuss tumor somatic mutations to guide patient-specific treatment...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847135/medical-physics-challenges-for-the-implementation-of-quality-assurance-programmes-in-radiation-oncology
#11
A Meghzifene
The importance of quality assurance in radiation therapy, as well as its positive consequences on patient treatment outcome, is well known to radiation therapy professionals. In low- and middle-income countries, the implementation of quality assurance in radiation therapy is especially challenging, due to a lack of staff training, a lack of national guidelines, a lack of quality assurance equipment and high patient daily throughput. According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Directory of Radiotherapy Centres, the proportion of linear accelerators compared with Co-60 machines has increased significantly in recent years in low- and middle-income countries...
November 12, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846661/-physical-therapy-for-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-in-pediatric-oncology
#12
M Jung, N Rein, B Fuchs
Background: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a frequent side-effect of drugs that are used in the treatment of cancer. Affected individuals can suffer from motor, sensory or autonomy nerve damage. Further medication is used for the treatment of CIPN which can cause further side-effects. Patients should be offered physical therapy treatment to relieve the symptoms. Objective: The aim of this article is to give an overview of available literature investigating physical therapy in CIPN in pediatric oncology...
November 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843641/esmo-asco-recommendations-for-a-global-curriculum-in-medical-oncology-edition-2016
#13
REVIEW
Christian Dittrich, Michael Kosty, Svetlana Jezdic, Doug Pyle, Rossana Berardi, Jonas Bergh, Nagi El-Saghir, Jean-Pierre Lotz, Pia Österlund, Nicholas Pavlidis, Gunta Purkalne, Ahmad Awada, Susana Banerjee, Smita Bhatia, Jan Bogaerts, Jan Buckner, Fatima Cardoso, Paolo Casali, Edward Chu, Julia Lee Close, Bertrand Coiffier, Roisin Connolly, Sarah Coupland, Luigi De Petris, Maria De Santis, Elisabeth G E de Vries, Don S Dizon, Jennifer Duff, Linda R Duska, Alexandru Eniu, Marc Ernstoff, Enriqueta Felip, Martin F Fey, Jill Gilbert, Nicolas Girard, Andor W J M Glaudemans, Priya K Gopalan, Axel Grothey, Stephen M Hahn, Diana Hanna, Christian Herold, Jørn Herrstedt, Krisztian Homicsko, Dennie V Jones, Lorenz Jost, Ulrich Keilholz, Saad Khan, Alexander Kiss, Claus-Henning Köhne, Rainer Kunstfeld, Heinz-Josef Lenz, Stuart Lichtman, Lisa Licitra, Thomas Lion, Saskia Litière, Lifang Liu, Patrick J Loehrer, Merry Jennifer Markham, Ben Markman, Marius Mayerhoefer, Johannes G Meran, Olivier Michielin, Elizabeth Charlotte Moser, Giannis Mountzios, Timothy Moynihan, Torsten Nielsen, Yuichiro Ohe, Kjell Öberg, Antonio Palumbo, Fedro Alessandro Peccatori, Michael Pfeilstöcker, Chandrajit Raut, Scot C Remick, Mark Robson, Piotr Rutkowski, Roberto Salgado, Lidia Schapira, Eva Schernhammer, Martin Schlumberger, Hans-Joachim Schmoll, Lowell Schnipper, Cristiana Sessa, Charles L Shapiro, Julie Steele, Cora N Sternberg, Friedrich Stiefel, Florian Strasser, Roger Stupp, Richard Sullivan, Josep Tabernero, Luzia Travado, Marcel Verheij, Emile Voest, Everett Vokes, Jamie Von Roenn, Jeffrey S Weber, Hans Wildiers, Yosef Yarden
The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) and the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) are publishing a new edition of the ESMO/ASCO Global Curriculum (GC) thanks to contribution of 64 ESMO-appointed and 32 ASCO-appointed authors. First published in 2004 and updated in 2010, the GC edition 2016 answers to the need for updated recommendations for the training of physicians in medical oncology by defining the standard to be fulfilled to qualify as medical oncologists. At times of internationalisation of healthcare and increased mobility of patients and physicians, the GC aims to provide state-of-the-art cancer care to all patients wherever they live...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843620/cancer-clinical-research-in-latin-america-current-situation-and-opportunities-expert-opinion-from-the-first-esmo-workshop-on-clinical-trials-lima-2015
#14
REVIEW
Christian Rolfo, Christian Caglevic, Denisse Bretel, David Hong, Luis E Raez, Andres F Cardona, Ana B Oton, Henry Gomez, Urania Dafni, Carlos Vallejos, Christoph Zielinski
Latin America and the Caribbean have not yet developed strong clinical cancer research programmes. In order to improve this situation two international cancer organisations, the Latin American Society of Clinical Oncology (SLACOM) and the European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO) worked closely with the Peruvian Cooperative Oncology Group (GECOPERU) and organised a clinical cancer research workshop held in Lima, Peru, in October 2015. Many oncologists from different Latin American countries participated in this gathering...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843580/the-esmo-asco-global-curriculum-and-the-evolution-of-medical-oncology-training-in-europe
#15
EDITORIAL
Nicholas Pavlidis, Emilio Alba, Rossana Berardi, Jonas Bergh, Nagi El Saghir, Jacek Jassem, Michael Kosty, Roberto Ivan Lopez, Jean-Pierre Lotz, Pia Österlund, Gunta Purkalne, Christian Dittrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807958/-the-contribution-of-the-italian-association-of-cancer-registries-airtum
#16
Emanuele Crocetti, Carlotta Buzzoni
The study of cluster requires the ability to identify, with accuracy and completeness, the health events of interest and their geographical location and time of occurrence. For rare and complex diseases, such as childhood cancers, it is possible to observe a significant health migration from the place of residence, which makes the detection even more complex. The best tool to identify these rare diseases is represented by cancer registries (CRs). In fact, CRs collect, through many sources, information related to tumours that arise in the population resident in their areas of activity...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785341/sex-and-gender-medicine-in-physician-clinical-training-results-of-a-large-single-center-survey
#17
Shivani Dhawan, May Bakir, Erika Jones, Sarah Kilpatrick, C Noel Bairey Merz
BACKGROUND: "Sex and Gender Medicine" is a novel medical discipline that takes into account the effects of sex and gender on the health of women and men. The Institute of Medicine in the USA declared in its 2001 and 2010 statements that being a woman or a man significantly impacts the course of diseases, and therefore, this fact must be considered in diagnosis and therapy. We evaluated the representation of Sex and Gender Medicine in clinical training at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, a large, tertiary, non-profit, academic medical training center in the Western United States...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752811/ergonomics-in-the-operating-room
#18
Shiromani Janki, Evalyn E A P Mulder, Jan N M IJzermans, T C Khe Tran
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of minimally invasive surgery, surgeons appear to be experiencing more occupational musculoskeletal injuries. The aim of this study is to investigate the current frequency and effects of occupational musculoskeletal injuries on work absence. METHODS: An online questionnaire was conducted among all surgeons affiliated to the Dutch Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery, and Surgical Oncology. In addition, this survey was conducted among surgeons, gynaecologists, and urologists of one cluster of training hospitals in the Netherlands...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741957/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#19
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
BACKGROUND: Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. OBJECTIVE: To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. DESIGN: We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679540/uncertainties-in-target-volume-delineation-in-radiotherapy-are-they-relevant-and-what-can-we-do-about-them
#20
Barbara Segedin, Primoz Petric
BACKGROUND: Modern radiotherapy techniques enable delivery of high doses to the target volume without escalating dose to organs at risk, offering the possibility of better local control while preserving good quality of life. Uncertainties in target volume delineation have been demonstrated for most tumour sites, and various studies indicate that inconsistencies in target volume delineation may be larger than errors in all other steps of the treatment planning and delivery process. The aim of this paper is to summarize the degree of delineation uncertainties for different tumour sites reported in the literature and review the effect of strategies to minimize them...
September 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
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