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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721899/gaps-in-radiation-therapy-awareness-results-from-an-educational-multi-institutional-survey-of-us-internal-medicine-residents
#1
Narek Shaverdian, Sun Mi Yoo, Ryan Cook, Eric M Chang, Naomi Jiang, Ye Yuan, Kiri Sandler, Michael Steinberg, Percy Lee
PURPOSE: Internists and primary care providers play a growing role in cancer care. We therefore evaluated the awareness of radiation therapy in general and specifically the clinical utility of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) among current US internal medicine residents. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A web-based institutional review board-approved multi-institutional survey was distributed to US internal medicine residency programs...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717770/national-cancer-control-programme-in-india-proposal-for-organization-of-chemotherapy-and-systemic-therapy-services
#2
Seema Gulia, Manju Sengar, Rajendra Badwe, Sudeep Gupta
Cancer is a major health problem in India, with an estimated incidence of 1 million cases in 2012 that is likely to double in 2035 to approximately 1.7 million. The majority of cases are diagnosed in advanced stages, and approximately two thirds of patients die as a result of their disease. The mortality-to-incidence ratio is 0.68 in India, which is far higher than that in developed countries (approximately 0.38). One of the important reasons for this discrepancy is inequitable distribution and inaccessibility of health care resources in India...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717759/quality-oncology-practice-initiative-can-guide-and-improve-oncology-providers-training-in-brazil
#3
Cristiane Decat Bergerot, Errol J Philip, Paulo Gustavo Bergerot, Simone Elias, Daiane Pereira Guimarães, Nora Manoukian Forones, Otavio Cesar Carvalho Guimarães Baiocchi, Nildo Alves Batista, Edvane Birelo Lopes De Domenico
PURPOSE: It has become crucial to translate scientific findings and to find ways by which to mobilize local resources to improve the quality and accessibility of cancer care in developing countries. This study seeks to provide insight into challenge through examining differences in clinician documentation of patients with cancer treated at a Brazilian Public University Hospital. METHODS: ASCO Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI) measures were used to examine the care provided in the departments of breast, colorectal, lymphoma, gynecology, and lung cancers...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713697/safe-implementation-of-retroauricular-robotic-and-endoscopic-neck-surgery-in-south-america
#4
REVIEW
Renan Bezerra Lira, Thiago Celestino Chulam, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
In the last three decades, otolaryngology and head and neck oncological surgery have shown remarkable progress with the development of several modalities of endoscopic-assisted minimally invasive surgeries. More recently, the Da Vinci robotic surgery system has promoted the development of several surgical approaches with less morbidity and better cosmetic results, including the transaxillary and retroauricular approaches for thyroid surgery and neck dissections. In South America, there are several shortcomings regarding financial resources as well as the lack of support for innovation leading to a significant delay in adoption of numerous technological advances in medical practice...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708234/physicists-views-on-hadrontherapy-a-survey-of-members-of-the-italian-association-of-medical-physics-aifm
#5
Tommaso Giandini, Chiara Tenconi, Mauro Carrara, Mario Ciocca, Stefania Russo, Costanza M V Panaino, Federica Cattani, Delia Ciardo, Sara Morlino, Barbara Avuzzi, Nice Bedini, Sergio Villa, Giulia Marvaso, Paola Romanelli, Azusa Hasegawa, Barbara Vischioni, Francesca Valvo, Barbara A Jereczek-Fossa, Roberto Orecchia, Riccardo Valdagni, Emanuele Pignoli
BACKGROUND: This study was based on a survey to investigate perceptions of hadrontherapy of the members of the Italian Association of Medical Physics (AIFM). The survey was digitally submitted to the 991 members between the end of January and the beginning of April 2016. METHODS: A 19-item questionnaire was designed focusing on advantages and disadvantages of hadrontherapy, current status and possible future improvements, and need and opportunities for future investments in Italy and abroad...
July 8, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705484/is-it-all-about-the-money-not-all-surgical-subspecialization-leads-to-higher-lifetime-revenue-when-compared-to-general-surgery
#6
Maria Baimas-George, Brian Fleischer, Douglas Slakey, Emad Kandil, James R Korndorffer, Christopher DuCoin
OBJECTIVE: It is believed that spending additional years gaining expertise in surgical subspecialization leads to higher lifetime revenue. Literature shows that more surgeons are pursuing fellowship training and dedicated research years; however, there are no data looking at the aggregate economic impact when training time is accounted for. It is hypothesized that there will be a discrepancy in lifetime income when delay to practice is considered. DESIGN: Data were collected from the Medical Group Management Association's 2015 report of average annual salaries...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704643/multidisciplinary-training-of-cancer-specialists-in-europe
#7
Kim Benstead, Nazim Serdar Turhal, Niall O'Higgins, Lynda Wyld, Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz, Harald Gollnick, Peter Naredi, Jesper Grau Eriksen
The best care for patients with cancer is most likely to be achieved when decisions about diagnosis, staging and treatment are made at multidisciplinary and multiprofessional meetings, preferably when all the professional expertise relevant to the patient's condition is gathered together. Questionnaires were sent to National Societies of Radiation Oncology and Medical Oncology concerning similarities and differences in training programs and multidisciplinary care in member states in Europe. Results indicated wide variation in training systems and practice...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693933/-partially-matched-us-senior-diagnostic-radiology-applicants-scope-of-the-problem-and-implications-for-applicants-residency-training-programs-and-the-academic-diagnostic-radiology-community
#8
Keith D Herr, Sravanthi Reddy, Elizabeth A Krupinski, Mark E Mullins, Christopher Straus
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Anecdotal reports have recently surfaced of an increase in the number of US senior diagnostic radiology (DR)-bound residency applicants who did not secure a preliminary year position through the Main Resident Match (the Match) of the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP), so-called "partial matches." This study sought to determine the scope of this phenomenon and address potential causes and solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Publicly available and proprietary data from the National Resident Matching Program were analyzed from 2005-2016 to determine the number of partially matched US senior applicants, selectivity of DR residency training, availability of preliminary year positions, number of unique preliminary year applicants, distribution of preliminary year matches by successfully matched applicants in relevant specialties (DR, anesthesiology, dermatology, neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and radiation oncology), and percentage of categorical training programs participating in the Match...
June 5, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683254/practical-implementation-essential-elements-resource-tool
#9
REVIEW
Nina Worel
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an established treatment for patients with severe congenital or acquired hemato-/oncological disorders. Despite major improvements, HSCT remains associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Implementation of a quality management system has become standard practice not only for industries when their products or services are associated with significant risks to human safety but also in the healthcare sector. The use of a quality management system contributes to better products and services and improved patient's outcome after medical interventions...
June 29, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666900/radiation-oncology-residency-selection-a-postgraduate-evaluation-of-factor-importance-and-survey-of-variables-associated-with-job-securement
#10
Jeffrey V Brower, Stanley L Liauw, Abhinav V Reddy, Daniel W Golden
BACKGROUND: Medical students often choose to pursue a career in radiation oncology with limited meaningful exposure to the field. We previously identified factors that were most influential to an applicant's rank list order. Here, we sought to assess if residency graduates had differing views regarding those factors. We also polled recent graduates' attitudes of the current job market. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An anonymous, internet-based survey was developed and distributed to graduates of radiation oncology residencies from 2003 through 2006 and 2012 through 2015 to assess the importance of factors with regard to residency selection, training, and job securement and attitudes toward the job market within the United States...
April 26, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640576/the-effect-of-aromatherapy-on-insomnia-and-other-common-symptoms-among-patients-with-acute-leukemia
#11
Lisa Blackburn, Sara Achor, Betty Allen, Nicole Bauchmire, Danielle Dunnington, Rebecca Klisovic, Steven Naber, Kirsten Roblee, Angela Samczak, Kelly Tomlinson-Pinkham, Esther Chipps
Purpose/Objectives: To determine if the use of aromatherapy improves insomnia and other common symptoms in hospitalized patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia. Design: A randomized, crossover, washout trial. Setting: An inpatient acute leukemia unit at the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard L. Solove Research Institute of the Wexner Medical Center at Ohio State University in Columbus. Sample: 50 patients who were newly diagnosed with acute leukemia and hospitalized to receive their initial four weeks of intensive induction chemotherapy...
June 16, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597253/effectiveness-of-a-standardized-patient-education-program-on-therapy-related-side-effects-and-unplanned-therapy-interruptions-in-oral-cancer-therapy-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
C Riese, B Weiß, U Borges, A Beylich, R Dengler, K Hermes-Moll, M Welslau, W Baumann
PURPOSE: Oral agents for cancer treatment are increasingly prescribed due to their benefits. However, oral cancer medications are difficult to handle and have a considerable potential for side effects. This type of therapy requires a high level of self-management competence by the patient. A standardized patient education program provided by physicians and oncology nurses may positively influence the handling of oral agents. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of a standardized patient education program provided by specially trained oncology nurses on therapy management regarding side effects and unplanned therapy interruptions...
June 9, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595577/complementary-and-conventional-providers-in-cancer-care-experience-of-communication-with-patients-and-steps-to-improve-communication-with-other-providers
#13
Trine Stub, Sara A Quandt, Thomas A Arcury, Joanne C Sandberg, Agnete E Kristoffersen
BACKGROUND: Effective interdisciplinary communication is important to achieve better quality in health care. The aims of this study were to compare conventional and complementary providers' experience of communication about complementary therapies and conventional medicine with their cancer patients, and to investigate how they experience interdisciplinary communication and cooperation. METHOD: This study analyzed data from a self-administrated questionnaire. A total of 606 different health care providers, from four counties in Norway, completed the questionnaire...
June 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578981/robotic-pancreatoduodenectomy-biotissue-curriculum-has-validity-and-improves-technical-performance-for-surgical-oncology-fellows
#14
Vernissia Tam, Mazen Zenati, Stephanie Novak, Yong Chen, Amer H Zureikat, Herbert J Zeh, Melissa E Hogg
OBJECTIVE: Obtaining the proficiency on the robotic platform necessary to safely perform a robotic pancreatoduodenectomy is particularly challenging. We hypothesize that by instituting a proficiency-based robotic training curriculum we can enhance novice surgeons' skills outside of the operating room, leading to a shorter learning curve. DESIGN: A biotissue curriculum was designed consisting of sewing artificial organs to simulate a hepaticojejunostomy (HJ), gastrojejunostomy (GJ), and pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567667/adherence-in-the-cancer-care-setting-a-systematic-review-of-patient-navigation-to-traverse-barriers
#15
Matthew L Bush, Michael R Kaufman, Taylor Shackleford
Patient navigation is an evidence-based intervention involving trained healthcare workers who assist patients in assessing and mitigating personal and environmental factors to promote healthy behaviors. The purpose of this research is to systematically assess the efficacy of patient navigation and similar programs to improve diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting medically underserved populations. A systematic review was performed by searching PubMed, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and CINAHL to identify potential studies...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561709/practice-model-for-advanced-practice-providers-in-oncology
#16
Jamie Cairo, Mary Ann Muzi, Deanna Ficke, Shaunta Ford-Pierce, Katrina Goetzke, Diane Stumvoll, Laurie Williams, Federico A Sanchez
According to ASCO, the number of practicing oncologists has remained stable despite growth demands, leading to an overall shortage in many areas of the country. Nurse practitioners and physician assistants are advanced practice providers (APPs) who can assist in the provision of support and care to patients with cancer, but the role of the APP in the oncology setting has not been well defined. There exists a variety of different practice patterns for APPs who work in oncology, and the lack of role definition and absence of an established practice model are considered leading causes of APP attrition...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561681/cancer-care-and-control-as-a-human-right-recognizing-global-oncology-as-an-academic-field
#17
Alexandru E Eniu, Yehoda M Martei, Edward L Trimble, Lawrence N Shulman
The global burden of cancer incidence and mortality is on the rise. There are major differences in cancer fatality rates due to profound disparities in the burden and resource allocation for cancer care and control in developed compared with developing countries. The right to cancer care and control should be a human right accessible to all patients with cancer, regardless of geographic or economic region, to avoid unnecessary deaths and suffering from cancer. National cancer planning should include an integrated approach that incorporates a continuum of education, prevention, cancer diagnostics, treatment, survivorship, and palliative care...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561649/mastering-resilience-in-oncology-learn-to-thrive-in-the-face-of-burnout
#18
Fay J Hlubocky, Miko Rose, Ronald M Epstein
Oncology clinician burnout has become a noteworthy issue in medical oncology directly affecting the quality of patient care, patient satisfaction, and overall organizational success. Due to the increasing demands on clinical time, productivity, and the evolving medical landscape, the oncology clinician is at significant risk for burnout. Long hours in direct care with seriously ill patients/families, limited control over daily responsibilities, and endless electronic documentation, place considerable professional and personal demands on the oncologist...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559718/clinical-presentation-of-retinoblastoma-in-alexandria-a-step-toward-earlier-diagnosis
#19
Sameh E Soliman, Wesam Eldomiaty, Mohamed B Goweida, Amgad Dowidar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical presentation of retinoblastoma in Alexandria, Egypt, correlate the timing of accurate diagnosis with the presence of advanced disease and identify causes of delayed presentation. METHODS: Retrospective noncomparative single institution study reviews demographic and clinical data of all new children with retinoblastoma presenting to Alexandria Main University ocular oncology clinic (OOC) from January 2012 to June 2014. Diagnosis time was from initial parental complaint to retinoblastoma diagnosis and referral time was from retinoblastoma diagnosis to presentation to the Alexandria OCC...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556806/quality-of-life-in-women-with-stage-1-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-application-of-conservative-treatment-a-randomized-trial
#20
Magdalena Ptak, Agnieszka Brodowska, Sylwester Ciećwież, Iwona Rotter
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) influences quality of life in female patients. In this study, we used ICIQ LUTS QoL (The International Consultation Incontinence Questionnaire Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms quality of life) to determine the quality of life (QoL) in various domains in patients with stage 1 SUI. The study included 140 perimenopausal women subjected to urodynamic tests at the Department of Gynaecology, Endocrinology and Gynaecologic Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University, Police (Poland) in 2013-2015...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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