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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807698/-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-cancer-behavior-inventory-brief-version
#1
Emine Iyigun, Sevinc Tastan, Elif Gezginci, Serap Korkmaz, Selcuk Demiral, Murat Beyzadeoglu
CONTEXT: Cancer Behavior Inventory-Brief Version is a simple and non-burdensome tool used to evaluate the self-efficacy of the cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Cancer Behavior Inventory-Brief Version. METHODS: This methodological study was conducted on 143 cancer patients who received radiotherapy at the Department of Radiation Oncology at a Training and Research Hospital in Turkey...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801006/palliative-care-in-kazakhstan
#2
Gulnara Kunirova, Ainur Shakenova
In Kazakhstan, like most ex-Soviet Union countries palliative care began in the late 1990's with the opening of the Almaty Hospice in 1999. Since that time, several palliative care services have opened in urban centers but there is little coverage in rural areas. Palliative care has grown due to the collaborative work of Parliament leaders, Ministry of Health, local governments officials, Public Health Higher School, National Center for Health Development, academic medical institutions, oncology and palliative care experts, NGO's, Soros Foundation Kazakhstan, and international experts...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797851/palliative-care-development-in-georgia
#3
Nina Kiknadze, Pati Dzotsenidze
Georgia has established the foundational measures for a national palliative care program-policy, education, drug availability, and implementation. Amendments to legislation needed to develop palliative care have been approved. Palliative care has been recognized as a subspecialty in oncology, critical care, internal medicine and surgery. The National Plan for Palliative Care for 2011-2016 was approved. Opioids, especially oral morphine, are available on a limited basis for patients at home but oral morphine is not available for patients in the hospital...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#4
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789725/demoralization-in-medical-illness-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-pilot-educational-intervention-for-inpatient-oncology-nurses
#5
Benjamin W Brewer, Jennifer M Caspari, Jean Youngwerth, Leigh Nathan, Izaskun Ripoll, Alison Heru
OBJECTIVE: Demoralization is a common problem among medical inpatients with such serious health problems as cancer. An awareness of this syndrome, a knowledge of what defines it, and a plan for how to intervene are limited among nursing teams. Nurses are uniquely poised to efficiently provide brief interventions that address demoralization in their patients. To our knowledge, there are no interventions that train nurses to distinguish and treat demoralization in their patients. The objective of the present study was to determine the acceptability, feasibility, and impact of a novel educational intervention for nurses...
August 9, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776485/evidence-based-feedback-about-emotional-cancer-challenges-experienced-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-analysis-of-316-photovoice-interviews
#6
Lynn Barbara Edwards, Linda Estelle Greeff
This study aims to offer evidence-based feedback about the emotional challenges of cancer in South Africa. The action research photovoice methodology was used to capture accounts of cancer-related challenges via 316 face-to-face interviews with cancer patients and family members (n = 286), and oncology support and medical staff (n = 30). The photovoice contributions constituted qualitative data that were analysed according to inductive thematic analysis whereby nine themes of cancer challenges were identified and photovoice images were descriptively summarised from a phenomenological perspective...
August 4, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761612/-medical-oncology-is-it-a-new-medical-speciality-in-africa
#7
Sami Aziz Brahmi, Fatima Zahra Ziani, Youssef Seddik, Said Afqir
Cancer is a major public health problem in Africa. Advances in the treatment of cancers over the last decade are undeniable. Multidisciplinary approach is essential for improved patient's management. Medical oncology is a recently-recognized speciality in Africa Indeed, many African countries do not have doctors or a sufficient number of doctors qualified to practice in this medical specialty. The fight against cancer in Africa involves oncology speciality training and the development of curricula in order to ensure optimum patient management...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760523/brief-training-on-patient-anger-increases-oncology-providers-self-efficacy-in-communicating-with-angry-patients
#8
James Gerhart, Veronica Sanchez Varela, John Burns
CONTEXT: Anger is a common reaction to pain and life-limiting and life-threatening illness, is linked to higher levels of pain, and may disrupt communication with medical providers. Anger is understudied compared to other emotions in mental health and healthcare contexts, and many providers have limited formal training in addressing anger. OBJECTIVES: To assess if a brief provider training program is a feasible method for increasing providers' self-efficacy in responding to patient anger...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759254/emerging-utility-of-virtual-reality-as-a-multidisciplinary-tool-in-clinical-medicine
#9
Ali Pourmand, Steven Davis, Danny Lee, Scott Barber, Neal Sikka
OBJECTIVE: Among the more recent products borne of the evolution of digital technology, virtual reality (VR) is gaining a foothold in clinical medicine as an adjunct to traditional therapies. Early studies suggest a growing role for VR applications in pain management, clinical skills training, cognitive assessment and cognitive therapy, and physical rehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To complete a review of the literature, we searched PubMed and MEDLINE databases with the following search terms: "virtual reality," "procedural medicine," "oncology," "physical therapy," and "burn...
July 31, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727577/nurses-exploring-the-spirituality-of-their-patients-with-cancer-participant-observation-on-a-medical-oncology-ward
#10
Jacqueline van Meurs, Wim Smeets, Kris C P Vissers, Marieke Groot, Yvonne Engels
BACKGROUND: Attention for spirituality should be an integral part of professionals' caregiving. Particularly, nurses caring for patients with cancer might have opportunities to give attention to this dimension. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insight in the way and extent to which nurses during daily caregiving observe and explore spiritual issues of hospitalized patients with cancer. METHODS: We performed an ethnographic study with participant observation...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724346/biosensing-technologies-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring
#11
Anna Meneghello, Stefano Tartaggia, Maria Domenica Alvau, Federico Polo, Giuseppe Toffoli
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is the clinical practice of measuring pharmaceutical drug concentrations in patients' biofluids at designated intervals to allow a close and timely control of their dosage. This practice allows for rapid medical intervention in case of toxicity-related issues and/or adjustment of dosage to better fit the therapeutic demand. Currently, TDM is performed in centralized laboratories employing instruments, such as immunoassay analyzers and mass spectrometers that can be run only by trained personnel...
July 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721899/gaps-in-radiation-therapy-awareness-results-from-an-educational-multi-institutional-survey-of-us-internal-medicine-residents
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Narek Shaverdian, Sun Mi Yoo, Ryan Cook, Eric M Chang, Naomi Jiang, Ye Yuan, Kiri Sandler, Michael Steinberg, Percy Lee
PURPOSE: Internists and primary care providers play a growing role in cancer care. We therefore evaluated the awareness of radiation therapy in general and specifically the clinical utility of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) among current US internal medicine residents. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A web-based institutional review board-approved multi-institutional survey was distributed to US internal medicine residency programs...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717770/national-cancer-control-programme-in-india-proposal-for-organization-of-chemotherapy-and-systemic-therapy-services
#13
Seema Gulia, Manju Sengar, Rajendra Badwe, Sudeep Gupta
Cancer is a major health problem in India, with an estimated incidence of 1 million cases in 2012 that is likely to double in 2035 to approximately 1.7 million. The majority of cases are diagnosed in advanced stages, and approximately two thirds of patients die as a result of their disease. The mortality-to-incidence ratio is 0.68 in India, which is far higher than that in developed countries (approximately 0.38). One of the important reasons for this discrepancy is inequitable distribution and inaccessibility of health care resources in India...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717759/quality-oncology-practice-initiative-can-guide-and-improve-oncology-providers-training-in-brazil
#14
Cristiane Decat Bergerot, Errol J Philip, Paulo Gustavo Bergerot, Simone Elias, Daiane Pereira Guimarães, Nora Manoukian Forones, Otavio Cesar Carvalho Guimarães Baiocchi, Nildo Alves Batista, Edvane Birelo Lopes De Domenico
PURPOSE: It has become crucial to translate scientific findings and to find ways by which to mobilize local resources to improve the quality and accessibility of cancer care in developing countries. This study seeks to provide insight into challenge through examining differences in clinician documentation of patients with cancer treated at a Brazilian Public University Hospital. METHODS: ASCO Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI) measures were used to examine the care provided in the departments of breast, colorectal, lymphoma, gynecology, and lung cancers...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713697/safe-implementation-of-retroauricular-robotic-and-endoscopic-neck-surgery-in-south-america
#15
REVIEW
Renan Bezerra Lira, Thiago Celestino Chulam, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
In the last three decades, otolaryngology and head and neck oncological surgery have shown remarkable progress with the development of several modalities of endoscopic-assisted minimally invasive surgeries. More recently, the Da Vinci robotic surgery system has promoted the development of several surgical approaches with less morbidity and better cosmetic results, including the transaxillary and retroauricular approaches for thyroid surgery and neck dissections. In South America, there are several shortcomings regarding financial resources as well as the lack of support for innovation leading to a significant delay in adoption of numerous technological advances in medical practice...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708234/physicists-views-on-hadrontherapy-a-survey-of-members-of-the-italian-association-of-medical-physics-aifm
#16
Tommaso Giandini, Chiara Tenconi, Mauro Carrara, Mario Ciocca, Stefania Russo, Costanza M V Panaino, Federica Cattani, Delia Ciardo, Sara Morlino, Barbara Avuzzi, Nice Bedini, Sergio Villa, Giulia Marvaso, Paola Romanelli, Azusa Hasegawa, Barbara Vischioni, Francesca Valvo, Barbara A Jereczek-Fossa, Roberto Orecchia, Riccardo Valdagni, Emanuele Pignoli
BACKGROUND: This study was based on a survey to investigate perceptions of hadrontherapy of the members of the Italian Association of Medical Physics (AIFM). The survey was digitally submitted to the 991 members between the end of January and the beginning of April 2016. METHODS: A 19-item questionnaire was designed focusing on advantages and disadvantages of hadrontherapy, current status and possible future improvements, and need and opportunities for future investments in Italy and abroad...
July 8, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705484/is-it-all-about-the-money-not-all-surgical-subspecialization-leads-to-higher-lifetime-revenue-when-compared-to-general-surgery
#17
Maria Baimas-George, Brian Fleischer, Douglas Slakey, Emad Kandil, James R Korndorffer, Christopher DuCoin
OBJECTIVE: It is believed that spending additional years gaining expertise in surgical subspecialization leads to higher lifetime revenue. Literature shows that more surgeons are pursuing fellowship training and dedicated research years; however, there are no data looking at the aggregate economic impact when training time is accounted for. It is hypothesized that there will be a discrepancy in lifetime income when delay to practice is considered. DESIGN: Data were collected from the Medical Group Management Association's 2015 report of average annual salaries...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704643/multidisciplinary-training-of-cancer-specialists-in-europe
#18
Kim Benstead, Nazim Serdar Turhal, Niall O'Higgins, Lynda Wyld, Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz, Harald Gollnick, Peter Naredi, Jesper Grau Eriksen
The best care for patients with cancer is most likely to be achieved when decisions about diagnosis, staging and treatment are made at multidisciplinary and multiprofessional meetings, preferably when all the professional expertise relevant to the patient's condition is gathered together. Questionnaires were sent to National Societies of Radiation Oncology and Medical Oncology concerning similarities and differences in training programs and multidisciplinary care in member states in Europe. Results indicated wide variation in training systems and practice...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693933/-partially-matched-us-senior-diagnostic-radiology-applicants-scope-of-the-problem-and-implications-for-applicants-residency-training-programs-and-the-academic-diagnostic-radiology-community
#19
Keith D Herr, Sravanthi Reddy, Elizabeth A Krupinski, Mark E Mullins, Christopher Straus
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Anecdotal reports have recently surfaced of an increase in the number of US senior diagnostic radiology (DR)-bound residency applicants who did not secure a preliminary year position through the Main Resident Match (the Match) of the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP), so-called "partial matches." This study sought to determine the scope of this phenomenon and address potential causes and solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Publicly available and proprietary data from the National Resident Matching Program were analyzed from 2005-2016 to determine the number of partially matched US senior applicants, selectivity of DR residency training, availability of preliminary year positions, number of unique preliminary year applicants, distribution of preliminary year matches by successfully matched applicants in relevant specialties (DR, anesthesiology, dermatology, neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and radiation oncology), and percentage of categorical training programs participating in the Match...
June 5, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683254/practical-implementation-essential-elements-resource-tool
#20
REVIEW
Nina Worel
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an established treatment for patients with severe congenital or acquired hemato-/oncological disorders. Despite major improvements, HSCT remains associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Implementation of a quality management system has become standard practice not only for industries when their products or services are associated with significant risks to human safety but also in the healthcare sector. The use of a quality management system contributes to better products and services and improved patient's outcome after medical interventions...
June 29, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
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