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Acute Mylogenous Leukemia

Erian Girgis, John Mahoney, Selina Darling-Reed, Magdi Soliman
Studies have shown that thalidomide exerts modest activity as a single agent in the therapy of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The present investigation was conducted to test the hypothesis that the cytotoxic effect of thalidomide is enhanced when properly combined with other chemotherapeutic agents. The human AML cell line KG-1a was used in this study. Cells were cultured for 48 h in the presence or absence of thalidomide, arsenic trioxide and a combination of the two substances. Results obtained indicate that thalidomide at concentrations of 1, 2 and 5 mg/l produced a dose-dependent cytotoxic effect and at 5 mg/ml resulted in late apoptosis in 49...
May 2010: Oncology Letters
Muneer H Abidi, Jennifer R Kozlowski, Rami B Ibrahim, Edward Peres
Dapsone is commonly used for pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis in immunocompromised patients. It has been used as an alternative therapy in the hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) setting in patients who can't tolerate trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. The Sulfone syndrome is not a well-known sequela of dapsone therapy and occurs at various doses, ranging from 50-300 mg/d. In all cases the syndrome occurs within 2 months of initiating therapy. Its clinical manifestations include: fever, methemoglobinemia, hemolytic anemia, exfoliative dermatitis and transaminits...
September 2006: Hematological Oncology
Gordon M Cragg, David J Newman, Stringner S Yang
While effective treatments exist for acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), particularly in the case of children, and for chronic mylogenous leukemia (CML), more efficacious treatments for other forms of acute and chronic forms of the disease are still needed. The National Cancer Institute has tested over 90,000 extracts of terrestrial plants and marine plants and invertebrates in its human cancer one-dose/60-cell-line prescreen, and the results for plants and marine organisms meeting criteria established for activity against selected leukemia cell lines are presented...
March 2006: Journal of Natural Products
Shigeharu Tsurumi, Yuichi Nakamura, Kazuhiro Maki, Mitsuhiro Omine, Kazuhiro Fujita, Takashi Okamura, Yoshiyuki Niho, Sachiko Hashimoto, Keiko Kanno, Kenshi Suzuki, Akira Hangaishi, Seishi Ogawa, Hisamaru Hirai, Kinuko Mitani
Alterations of the N-ras oncogene and p53 tumor suppressor gene have been demonstrated to play an important role in pathogenesis of hematological malignancies. We simultaneously investigated genetic lesions of both genes in bone marrow cells from 64 Japanese patients with myeloproliferative disorders (MPD), including polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and idiopathic myelofibrosis (MF), by direct sequencing analysis. No mutations of the N-ras gene were detected in any cases. Two patients, one with chronic neutrophilic leukemia derived from PV and one with acute mylogenous leukemia derived from ET, exhibited three mutations of the p53 gene...
October 2002: American Journal of Hematology
D Lu, D Liu, K Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the current status of autotransplantation in the People's Republic of China and facilitate national and international exchange of relevant experiences. METHODS: On the basis of the materials collected from the member units around our country, various statistical methods, such as Kaplan-Meier and chi 2 tests, were used to estimate the probabilities of leukemia free survival (LFS). RESULTS: Up to July 31, 1996, a total of 1213 cases of stem cell transplantation (SCT) were performed in 61 medical units in the People's Republic of China, and 22 of the units are able to perform both allogeneic SCT (Allo-SCT) and autologous-SCT (ASCT)...
August 1998: Chinese Medical Journal
G L Liberson, R J Golden, W J Blot, H Fisch, C Watson
BACKGROUND: There have been conflicting reports of increased incidence of childhood leukemia in the United States with some, but not other, registries reporting increasing rates over the past two decades. Because of the reported discrepancy in childhood leukemia incidence rates an analysis of the SEER database was undertaken. METHODS: The latest SEER data (1973-1995) were analyzed for trends in childhood (age 0-14) leukemia incidence rates by histologic group (all leukemia combined, acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), acute mylogenous leukemia (AML), and other acute leukemia) for each SEER reporting region...
May 2000: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
R J Billing, P I Terasaki, R Honig, P Peterson
60 leukaemia patients with acute mylogenous leukaemia, chronic myelocytic leukaemia, acute lymphatic leukaemia, and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia were tested for five specificities of the new B-lymphocyte alloantigenic system. Two specificities of the first B-cell locus were significantly lower in frequency than in B lymphocytes from 105 controls. B-cell group 1 was found in 18% of leukaemia patients vs. 48% of controls (p less than 0.025) and B-cell group 2 was found in 0% of leukaemia patients vs 23% of controls (p less than 0...
June 26, 1976: Lancet
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