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migraine sedimentation

Yannick Fogoum Fogang, Massaman Camara, Amadou Gallo Diop, Mansour Mouhamadou Ndiaye
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis is a major cause of neurological symptoms in developing countries. We report a case of cerebral neurocysticercosis presenting as episodic migraine without aura, with clinico-radiological correlations and discuss the possible causal influence of neurocysticercosis on the pathomechanisms of migraine. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 24 year-old male consulting for a one year history of recurrent headaches. He described bilateral frontal and/or temporal attacks of throbbing headache, moderate to severe in intensity, worsened by head movements and accompanied by nausea, photophobia and phonophobia...
2014: BMC Neurology
Rebecca L Batten, Wan-Fai Ng
INTRODUCTION: We report an unusual case of facial pain and swelling caused by compression of the facial and vestibulocochlear cranial nerves due to the tortuous course of a branch of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Although anterior inferior cerebellar artery compression has been well documented in the literature, compression caused by the posterior inferior cerebellar artery is rare. This case provided a diagnostic dilemma, requiring expertise from a number of specialties, and proved to be a learning point to clinicians from a variety of backgrounds...
2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Bryan Dunn, Chad McCalla, Brian Hiestand, Mary Claire O'Brien
We describe the clinical presentation, radiographic findings, management, and outcome of a subdural empyema in a 14-year-old male with history of recent partially treated acute sinusitis. Subdural empyema is a rare but life threatening complication, usually following paranasal sinusitis, otitis media, mastoiditis, cranial surgery, a skull fracture, or from distant spread from sites such as a pulmonary infection. The initial evaluation should include a thorough history and physical examination, complete blood count, electrolytes, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, chest x-ray, urinalysis, and neuroimaging of the brain with intravenous contrast...
December 2013: Pediatric Emergency Care
Valentina Emmanuele, Evangelia Sotiriou, Purificación Gutierrez Rios, Jaya Ganesh, Rebecca Ichord, A Reghan Foley, H Orhan Akman, Salvatore Dimauro
Mutations in the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b gene (MTCYB) have been commonly associated with isolated mitochondrial myopathy and exercise intolerance, rarely with multisystem disorders, and only once with a parkinsonism/mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes (MELAS) overlap syndrome. Here, we describe a novel mutation (m.14864 T>C) in MTCYB in a 15-year-old girl with a clinical history of migraines, epilepsy, sensorimotor neuropathy, and strokelike episodes, a clinical picture reminiscent of MELAS...
February 2013: Journal of Child Neurology
Baozhong Xin, Stephen Jones, Erik G Puffenberger, Claas Hinze, Alicia Bright, Haiyan Tan, Aimin Zhou, Guiyun Wu, Jilda Vargus-Adams, Dimitris Agamanolis, Heng Wang
We describe an autosomal recessive condition characterized with cerebral vasculopathy and early onset of stroke in 14 individuals in Old Order Amish. The phenotype of the condition was highly heterogeneous, ranging from severe developmental disability to normal schooling. Cerebral vasculopathy was a major hallmark of the condition with a common theme of multifocal stenoses and aneurysms in large arteries, accompanied by chronic ischemic changes, moyamoya morphology, and evidence of prior acute infarction and hemorrhage...
March 29, 2011: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Josef Finsterer, Peter Barton
There are some indications that seizure activity promotes the development of stroke-like episodes, or vice versa, in patients with mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome or other syndromic mitochondrial disorders. A 41-year-old Caucasian female with MELAS syndrome, presenting with short stature, microcytic anaemia, increased blood-sedimentation rate, myopathy, hyper-gammaglobulinaemia, an iron-metabolism defect, migraine-like headaches, and stroke-like episodes, developed complex partial and generalised seizures at age 32 years...
December 2010: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
R B Sommerville, J M Noble, J P Vonsattel, R Delapaz, C B Wright
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic vasculitis has been described as part of the Churg-Strauss syndrome, but affects the central nervous system (CNS) in <10% of cases; presentation in an isolated CNS distribution is rare. We present a case of eosinophilic vasculitis isolated to the CNS. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old woman with a history of migraine without aura presented to an institution (located in the borough of Queens, New York, USA; no academic affiliation) in an acute confusional state with concurrent headache and left-sided weakness and numbness...
January 2007: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Miralem Musić, Nermina Babić, Izet Masić
Migraine is periodical disorder which is characterized by recurrent headache seizures different in intensity, frequency and duration. Amylases L-1,4 glycol: gluckanohidrolises, (EC. are enzymes from hydrolase's group which dissolve starch meaning glycogen. Activity of amylases in serum grows: at acute pancreatitis, at carcinoma of pancreas, heavy necroses of pancreas. Total number of examinees was 92 out of which 45 were male (48.9 %) and 47 female or 51.1 %. Average age of the examines was 42.9. Neuroticism scale which was tested by Cornell scale was 55,03...
2006: Medicinski Arhiv
R M Bartholo, C Zaltman, C Elia, A P Cardoso, V Flores, P Lago, L Cassabian, F Carvalho Dorileo, J R Lapa-e-Silva
With the aim of investigating the presence of latent inflammatory process in the lungs of patients with Crohn's disease, 15 patients with Crohn's disease were evaluated by spirometry, the methacholine challenge test, induced sputum, and skin tests for inhaled antigens. Serum IgE, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and hematocrit were also determined. The patients were compared with 20 healthy controls by the Mann-Whitney and Fisher exact tests. Their respiratory physical examination was normal. None had a personal or family history of clinical atopy...
February 2005: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Sabrina Sacconi, Leonardo Salviati, Clifton Gooch, Eduardo Bonilla, Sara Shanske, Salvatore DiMauro
OBJECTIVES: To confirm the pathogenicity of the G-to-A substitution at nucleotide 1606 (G1606A) mutation in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) tRNA(Val) gene, and to characterize genotype-phenotype correlation. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 37-year-old man since childhood developed a complex clinical picture characterized by hearing loss, migraine, ataxia, seizures, cataracts, retinitis pigmentosa, mental deterioration, and hypothyroidism. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed diffuse calcification of the basal ganglia and cerebral cortical atrophy...
June 2002: Archives of Neurology
A S Gurwood, R Brilliant, K A Malloy
BACKGROUND: Giant cell arteritis is an enigmatic disease that is characterized by chronic granulomatous inflammation of the walls of large and medium-sized arteries. The process has a predilection for the extradural cranial arteries, which include the ophthalmic and the posterior ciliary arteries. A multisymptom disease of older individuals, giant cell arteritis often manifests challenging issues and diagnostic dilemmas. CASE REPORTS: We illustrate two cases with initial symptoms of intermittent headache, malaise, and decreased visual acuity that were incorrectly diagnosed or ultimately misdiagnosed...
August 1998: Journal of the American Optometric Association
S S Hayreh
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a polysymptomatic disease which constitutes an ophthalmic emergency because early recognition and management can prevent blindness. There is conflicting information in the literature on the validity, sensitivity, and specificity of various systemic symptoms and signs of GCA. This paper presents a review of our prospective studies on the subject, and our findings are particularly relevant to dentists. We investigated 363 patients in a prospective study. Positive temporal artery biopsy was seen in 106 patients and negative in 257 referred for diagnosis of GCA...
March 1998: Special Care in Dentistry
R W Evans
Headaches are one of the most common symptoms that neurologists evaluate. Although most are caused by primary disorders, the list differential diagnoses is one of the longest in all of medicine, with over 300 different types and causes. The cause or type of most headaches can be determined by a careful history supplemented by a general and neurologic examination. Reasons for obtaining neuroimaging include medical indications as well as anxiety of patients and families and medico-legal concerns. In the era of managed care, concerns over deselection and negative capitation may dissuade the physician from ordering even a medically indicated scan...
February 1996: Neurologic Clinics
J R Couch
The headache to worry about is one that is unique or different from headaches which the patient has suffered in the past. The association with the headache of meningismus or of focal neurologic symptoms of oculoparesis, other cranial nerve palsies, hemiparesis, or loss of consciousness are particularly worrisome, especially if onset is recent and acute. Headaches related to arteritis or vasculitis usually have a slower subacute course but may also produce focal neurologic deficits. For subjects over 50 years old, temporal arteritis is always a consideration and any new type of headache requires testing of the sedimentation rate to rule out this treatable but potentially devastating problem...
January 1993: Medical Clinics of North America
T Grosvenor, V Malinovsky, J Gelvin, K Tonekaboni
Temporal arteritis is an insidious disease which, if not recognized and treated with high-dosage oral prednisone or intravenous prednisolone, can result in unilateral or even total blindness due to anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) or closure of the central artery of the retina. Unfortunately, the symptoms and clinical signs of temporal arteritis mimic those of a number of other conditions including angle-closure glaucoma, hypertension, migraine, trigeminal neuralgia, temporomandibular joint syndrome, carotid artery occlusive disease, Foster-Kennedy syndrome, and nonarteritic AION...
September 1993: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
T W Clark, K O Elsom, E H Montgomery, J Ipsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1969: Archives of Environmental Health
G Voordecker, F Chanoine, J Flament-Durand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1972: Acta Neurologica Belgica
J J Warner
From this and the previous article, the following points may be offered in summary: When comparing the elderly age group with the general population, the incidence of migraine headaches decreases with age, whereas other etiologies such as glaucoma, temporal arteritis, and cerebrovascular disease may assume a more prominent role in the differential diagnosis. Patients in the geriatric population are frequently taking a multitude of medications, and it is extremely important to carefully evaluate these for possible precipitants of headache...
November 1985: Geriatrics
H W Bain
Chronic vague abdominal pain is an extremely common complaint in children over 5 years, with a peak incidence in the 8 to 10 year group. In over 90 per cent of the cases no serious underlying organic disease will be discovered. Most disease states can be ruled out by a careful history, a meticulous physical examination, and a few simple laboratory tests such as urinalysis, sedimentation rate, hemoglobin, white blood count determination, and examination of a blood smear. If organic disease is present there are often clues in the history and the examination...
March 1975: Primary Care
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