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nifedipine in preeclampsia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835048/furosemide-in-postpartum-management-of-severe-preeclampsia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
P Veena, Lakshmideepthi Perivela, S Soundara Raghavan
BACKGROUND: Hypertension in the postpartum period is a common phenomenon and is often a cause for concern. Following delivery, fluid that has been sequestered in the extravascular space is mobilized, producing a large auto-infusion of fluid from the extravascular to the intravascular compartment. As a result of this fluid mobilization process, there is an increase in central venous pressure and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, which might favor the development of pulmonary edema. Thus, diuretics logically might be a better choice as antihypertensive medication in such a scenario...
November 11, 2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786578/oral-labetalol-compared-to-oral-nifedipine-for-postpartum-hypertension-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Kathryn J Sharma, Naomi Greene, Sarah J Kilpatrick
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether oral labetalol is associated with a shorter time to blood pressure control compared to oral extended release nifedipine for management of persistent postpartum hypertension. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized controlled trial conducted between June 2014 and June 2015 included women who delivered at ≥32 weeks' gestation with persistent postpartum hypertension (sustained blood pressure ≥150/100 mmHg) requiring an oral antihypertensive agent...
October 27, 2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753872/ish-aha-1-a-case-of-refractory-hypertension-controlled-by-repeated-renal-denervation-and-celiac-plexus-block-a-case-of-refractory-sympathetic-overload
#3
Chan Joo Lee, Yeongmin Woo, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Kyung Bong Yoon, Hae-Young Lee, Sungha Park
A 30-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to high blood pressure, dizziness, headache and blurred vision. She had past history of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension 4 years ago but she had not taken antihypertensive medication in spite of remained hypertension after delivery. She was hospitalized for fever due to urinary tract infection and severe hypertension which was above 210/140 mmHg. Despite maximal medical treatment with telmisartan 80 mg, nifedipine 120 mg, carvedilol 50 mg, doxazocin 8 mg, chlorthalidone 50 mg, spironolactone 50 mg#2, isosorbide dinitrate 80 mg and intermittent intravenous administration of nicardipine and labetalol, her systolic blood pressure remained above 160 mmHg and repeatedly measured above 200 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680821/h5-second-trimester-vascular-function-parameters-in-women-with-chronic-hypertension-and-their-association-with-adverse-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes
#4
L M Webster, J Fetherston, C Chmiel, C Nelson-Piercy, A Khalil, J Myers, L C Chappell
INTRODUCTION: Increased aortic systolic BP (SBPao), pulse wave velocity (PWVao) and augmentation index of the aorta (AIXao) are associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity. These measures may also be increased prior to the development of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between haemodynamic parameters and adverse outcomes in women with chronic hypertension (CHT). METHODS: Women recruited to the PANDA study (Pregnancy And chronic hypertension: NifeDipine versus lAbetalol as antihypertensive treatment) had Arteriograph (Tensio Med) readings taken while sitting...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643109/ish-aha-1-a-case-of-refractory-hypertension-controlled-by-repeated-renal-denervation-and-celiac-plexus-block-a-case-of-refractory-sympathetic-overload
#5
Chan Joo Lee, Yeongmin Woo, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Kyung Bong Yoon, Hae-Young Lee, Sungha Park
A 30-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to high blood pressure, dizziness, headache and blurred vision. She had past history of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension 4 years ago but she had not taken antihypertensive medication in spite of remained hypertension after delivery. She was hospitalized for fever due to urinary tract infection and severe hypertension which was above 210/140 mmHg. Despite maximal medical treatment with telmisartan 80 mg, nifedipine 120 mg, carvedilol 50 mg, doxazocin 8 mg, chlorthalidone 50 mg, spironolactone 50 mg#2, isosorbide dinitrate 80 mg and intermittent intravenous administration of nicardipine and labetalol, her systolic blood pressure remained above 160 mmHg and repeatedly measured above 200 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554460/-management-of-arterial-hypertension-before-20weeks-gestation-in-pregnant-women
#6
Florent Seguro, Béatrice Duly Bouhanick, Bernard Chamontin, Jacques Amar
In the first 6 months of pregnancy, the primary goal of antihypertensive treatment is to prevent the complications of severe hypertension. Initiation of antihypertensive drug treatment is recommended in pregnant women with severe hypertension (blood pressure>160/110mmHg). Initiation of antihypertensive drug treatment should also be considered in pregnant women at high cardiovascular risk (diabetes, chronic kidney disease, personal history of cardiovascular disease) with moderate hypertension (blood pressure between 140-159/90-109mmHg)...
July 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113951/nifedipine-induced-gingival-hyperplasia-in-pregnancy-a-case-report
#7
M S Brochet, M Harry, F Morin
BACKGROUND: It is known that calcium channel blockers are associated with a risk of gingival hyperplasia. These drugs are widely used in the management of gestational hypertensive disorders. CASE: A 27-year-old G1 woman presented with gingival hyperplasia at 27 weeks gestation during a hospitalisation for preeclampsia. She had been on nifedipine for hypertension for the last 9 weeks. Nifedipine was discontinued and replaced by methyldopa and already after 48 hours the gingival hyperplasia improved...
April 26, 2016: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104347/the-effect-of-maternal-antihypertensive-drugs-on-the-cerebral-renal-and-splanchnic-tissue-oxygen-extraction-of-preterm-neonates
#8
Anne E Richter, Trijntje E Schat, Koenraad N J A Van Braeckel, Sicco A Scherjon, Arend F Bos, Elisabeth M W Kooi
BACKGROUND: Drugs with antihypertensive action are frequently used in obstetrics for the treatment of preeclampsia (labetalol) and tocolysis (nifedipine) or for neuroprotection (MgSO4), and may affect the hemodynamics of preterm born neonates. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether maternal antihypertensive drugs affect multisite oxygenation levels of the neonate. METHODS: Eighty preterm neonates of ≤32 weeks of gestational age were monitored using near-infrared spectroscopy...
2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26829504/severe-maternal-morbidity-in-a-large-cohort-of-women-with-acute-severe-intrapartum-hypertension
#9
Sarah J Kilpatrick, Anisha Abreo, Naomi Greene, Kathryn Melsop, Nancy Peterson, Larry E Shields, Elliot K Main
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive diseases of pregnancy are associated with severe maternal morbidity and remain common causes of maternal death. Recently, national guidelines have become available to aid in recognition and management of hypertension in pregnancy to reduce morbidity and mortality. The increased morbidity related to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is presumed to be associated with the development of severe hypertension. However, there are few data on specific treatment or severe maternal morbidity in women with acute severe intrapartum hypertension as opposed to severe preeclampsia...
July 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26803648/diabetic-nephropathy-in-women-with-preexisting-diabetes-from-pregnancy-planning-to-breastfeeding
#10
REVIEW
Lene Ringholm, Julie Agner Damm, Marianne Vestgaard, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen
In women with preexisting diabetes and nephropathy or microalbuminuria, it is important to deliver careful preconception counselling to assess the risk for the mother and the foetus, for optimizing glycaemic status and to adjust medical treatment. If serum creatinine is normal in early pregnancy, kidney function is often preserved during pregnancy, but complications such as severe preeclampsia and preterm delivery are still common. Perinatal mortality is now comparable with that in women with diabetes and normal kidney function...
February 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26629148/berberine-alleviates-preeclampsia-possibly-by-regulating-the-expression-of-interleukin-2-interleukin-10-and-bcl-2-bax
#11
Ailan Wang, Qingcui Liu, Jin Zhang, Rui Zheng
The present study is to investigate the effect of berberine on the expression of inflammatory factors interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-10, and the expression of apoptosis proteins Bcl-2 and Bax. A total of 70 SD rats were randomly divided into 7 equal groups, including normal non-pregnant group, normal pregnant group, preeclampsia group, preeclampsia + berberine (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg/day) groups, and preeclampsia + nifedipine (20 mg/kg/day) group. Blood pressure was measured before pregnancy, and on day 15 and 21 of pregnancy...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26012245/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-eclamptic-patients-neuroradiological-manifestation-pathogenesis-and-management
#12
Marija S Kutlesič, Ranko M Kutlesič, Goran P Koratevič
INTRODUCTION: Eclampsia is one of the most serious complications of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, defined as the occurrence of one or more convulsions superimposed on preeclampsia. Besides the ordinary course of the disease, ranging from a mild to a severe form, with culmination in eclamptic seizures, there is a significant percent of cases where eclampsia starts unexpectedly, without typical premonitory symptoms and signs, which makes it difficult to prevent. NEURORADIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND PATHOGENESIS OF ECLAMPSIA...
January 2015: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25907222/the-reduction-of-circulating-levels-of-il-6-in-pregnant-women-with-preeclampsia-by-magnesium-sulphate-and-nifedipine-in%C3%A2-vitro-evidence-for-potential-mechanisms
#13
Q Chen, M Zhao, F Guo, Y X Yin, J P Xiao, P R Stone, L W Chamley
INTRODUCTION: Women with preeclampsia have elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines including IL-6. IL-6, which is known to activate endothelial cells and induce the production of necrotic trophoblastic debris from the placenta, may be important in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. MgSO4 is a major therapy for the prevention of seizures in preeclampsia but it has been suggested to also have anti-inflammatory and vasodilatory properties. METHODS: 22 pregnant women with preeclampsia and 68 normotensive controls were recruited and circulating IL-6 levels in these women were measured before MgSO4 and nifedipine treatment and after delivery...
June 2015: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25787409/-58-or-to-study-the-changes-in-maternal-and-fetal-hemodynamics-with-intravenous-labetalol-or-nifedipine-in-acute-severe-hypertension
#14
Shalini Gainder, Monika Thakur, Subhas C Saha, Mahesh Prakash
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of intravenous labetalol or oral nifedipine in treatment of acute maternal hypertension and study the fetal and maternal hemodynamic changes using color Doppler ultrasound that follows treatment METHODS: Thirty women with severe preeclampsia having acute hypertension (more than or equal to 160/105mmHg) were randomized in 2 groups to receive intravenous labetalol or oral nifedipine until blood pressure was lowered to less than or equal to 140/90mmHg...
January 2015: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25729662/attenuation-of-the-pressor-response-to-tracheal-intubation-in-severe-preeclampsia-relative-efficacies-of-nitroglycerine-infusion-sublingual-nifedipine-and-intravenous-hydralazine
#15
Mohammadreza Safavi, Azim Honarmand, Neda Azari
BACKGROUND: The pressor response to laryngoscopy is known to be exaggerated in patients with severe preeclampsia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacies of continuous intravenous (IV) infusion of nitroglycerine, IV hydralazine, or sublingual nifedipine in modifying cardiovascular responses to endotracheal intubation, in women with severe preeclampsia undergoing cesarean delivery under general anesthesia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 patients undergoing cesarean delivery were randomly divided into 3 groups, each receiving one of the following drugs before intubation: 5 µg/min nitroglycerine administered by continuous IV infusion (Group NTG, n = 40); a 10-mg capsule of nifedipine deposited sublingually (Group NIF, n = 40); or 5-10 mg hydralazine intravenously (Group H, n = 40)...
2011: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24754605/cerebral-perfusion-pressure-in-women-with-preeclampsia-is-elevated-even-after-treatment-of-elevated-blood-pressure
#16
Milan J Sonneveld, Ingrid A Brussé, Johannes J Duvekot, Eric A P Steegers, Frank Grune, Gerhard H Visser
Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) is elevated in preeclampsia, and may predispose to cerebrovascular complications and progression to eclampsia. We estimated zero flow pressure (ZFP) and CPP using simultaneously obtained arterial blood pressure and middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity in 10 women with preeclampsia, all treated with methyldopa with or without nifedipine, and 18 healthy pregnant controls. Mean ± SD ZFP was lower in women with preeclampsia than in controls (16.8 ± 10.9 vs. 31.7 ± 15.0 mmHg, p = 0...
May 2014: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23622633/pregnancy-after-kidney-transplantation-graft-mother-and-newborn-complications
#17
A Rocha, A Cardoso, J Malheiro, L S Martins, I Fonseca, J Braga, A C Henriques
An important benefit associated with kidney transplantation (KT) in women of childbearing age is increased fertility. We retrospectively evaluated the complications associated with 24 pregnancies among our KT over 28 years. In particular, we examined the evolution of serum creatinine as well as maternal and fetal complications. To assess the impact on graft survival, our control group included women without pregnancy who were matched for age at KT, year of KT, and follow-up time. Most women (79.2%) were primiparous...
April 2013: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23470109/pharmacotherapy-for-preeclampsia-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-analysis-of-essential-medicines-lists
#18
Shifana Lalani, Tabassum Firoz, Laura A Magee, Diane Sawchuck, Beth Payne, Rebecca Gordon, Marianne Vidler, Peter von Dadelszen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of drugs for comprehensive management of preeclampsia in national essential medicine lists (EMLs) in low and middle income countries (LMICs) METHODS: We collected EMLs from the 144 LMICs identified by the World Bank through broad-based Internet searches and in collaboration with the World Health Organization. We identified therapies for hypertension, eclampsia, preeclampsia complications (e.g., pulmonary edema, thrombosis), preterm birth, and labour induction contained in the EMLs...
March 2013: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23466139/hypertensive-emergencies-of-pregnancy
#19
REVIEW
James M Alexander, Karen L Wilson
Hypertension is commonly encountered in pregnancy and has both maternal and fetal effects. Acute hypertensive crisis most commonly occurs in severe preeclampsia and is associated with maternal stroke, cardiopulmonary decompensation, fetal decompensation due to decreased uterine perfusion, abruption, and stillbirth. Immediate stabilization of the mother including the use of intervenous antihypertensives is required and often delivery is indicated. With appropriate management, maternal and fetal outcomes can be excellent...
March 2013: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23141179/-clinical-efficacy-and-perinatal-outcome-of-nifedipine-for-severe-preeclampsia-meta-analysis
#20
Qian-qian Liu, Yan-hong Yu, Shi-peng Gong, Li-ping Huang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy, side effects and perinatal outcome of nifedipine compared with other antihypertensives for treating severe preeclampsia in pregnant women. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that comparing nifedipine with other antihypertensives for severe preeclampsia were searched in PubMed, EMBase, Cochrane library, CNKI and VIP database etc(till January 2012). The quality of the included RCTs was evaluated, and Meta-analysis was performed with Rev Man 5...
August 2012: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
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