keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Glasgow

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644836/biliary-drainage-improves-the-predictive-value-of-modified-glasgow-prognostic-scores-in-inoperable-pancreatic-cancer
#1
Chikara Iino, Tadashi Shimoyama, Takasato Igarashi, Tomoyuki Aihara, Kentaro Ishii, Juichi Sakamoto, Hiroshi Tono, Shinsaku Fukuda
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of biliary drainage to cholangitis on modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) in patients with pancreatic cancer. METHODS: mGPS was calculated before and after biliary drainage in 47 consecutive patients with inoperable pancreatic cancer who were receiving chemotherapy. Biliary drainage was indicated for malignant obstructive jaundice that prevented the administration of chemotherapy. To elucidate mGPS values, serum levels of CRP and albumin were measured at the time of diagnosis (before biliary drainage)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643013/preoperative-measurement-of-the-modified-glasgow-prognostic-score-predicts-patient-survival-in-non-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-prior-to-nephrectomy
#2
Takuya Tsujino, Kazumasa Komura, Tomohisa Matsunaga, Yuki Yoshikawa, Tomoaki Takai, Taizo Uchimoto, Kenkichi Saito, Naoki Tanda, Rintaro Oide, Koichiro Minami, Hirofumi Uehara, Seong Ho Jeong, Kohei Taniguchi, Hajime Hirano, Hayahito Nomi, Naokazu Ibuki, Kiyoshi Takahara, Teruo Inamoto, Haruhito Azuma
PURPOSE: The modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) by measurement of serum C-reactive protein and albumin levels has been shown to provide prognostic value in various cancer types. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether preoperative assessment of the mGPS predicts patient survival outcome in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinicopathological and follow-up data in 219 RCC patients, all of whom underwent curative or non-curative nephrectomy, were collected...
June 22, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642178/neurological-outcome-after-decompressive-craniectomy-predictors-of-outcome-in-different-pathologies
#3
Taco Goedemans, Dagmar Verbaan, Bert A Coert, Bertjan Kerklaan, René van den Berg, Jonathan M Coutinho, Tessa van Middelaar, Paul J Nederkoorn, W Peter Vandertop, Pepijn van den Munckhof
OBJECTIVE: Decompressive craniectomy (DC) has been proposed as lifesaving treatment in patients with elevated intracranial pressure, but its effectiveness on reaching favorable neurological outcome remains unclear. We identified predictors of outcome in a large, single-center cohort of patients undergoing DC for different pathologies. METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients undergoing DC from 2006-2014. One-year outcome, assessed using the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), was dichotomized into favorable (GOS 4-5) and unfavorable (GOS 1-3) outcome...
June 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640776/early-fever-after-trauma-does-it-matter
#4
Holly E Hinson, Susan Rowell, Cynthia Morris, Amber L Lin, Martin A Schreiber
BACKGROUND: Fever is strongly associated with poor outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). We hypothesized that early fever is a direct result of brain injury and thus would be more common in TBI than in patients without brain injury, and associated with inflammation. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with major trauma with and without TBI from a busy level I trauma center ICU. Patients were assigned to one of four groups based on their presenting Head Abbreviated Injury Severity Scale scores (HAIS): Polytrauma: Head AIS score >2, one other region>2, Isolated Head: Head AIS score>2, all other regions <3, Isolated Body: One region >2, excluding Head/Face, Minor Injury: No region with AIS>2...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640122/clinical-emergency-treatment-of-68-critical-patients-with-severe-organophosphorus-poisoning-and-prognosis-analysis-after-rescue
#5
Hui Dong, Yi-Bing Weng, Gen-Shen Zhen, Feng-Jie Li, Ai-Chun Jin, Jie Liu
This study reports the clinical emergency treatment of 68 critical patients with severe organophosphorus poisoning, and analyzes the prognosis after rescue.The general data of 68 patients with severe organophosphorus poisoning treated in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into 2 groups: treatment group, and control group. Patients in the control group received routine emergency treatment, while patients in the treatment group additionally received hemoperfusion plus hemodialysis on the basis of routine emergency treatment...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640020/extubation-success-prediction-in-a-multicentric-cohort-of-patients-with-severe-brain-injury
#6
Karim Asehnoune, Philippe Seguin, Sigismond Lasocki, Antoine Roquilly, Adrien Delater, Antoine Gros, Florian Denou, Pierre-Joachim Mahé, Nicolas Nesseler, Dominique Demeure-Dit-Latte, Yoann Launey, Karim Lakhal, Bertrand Rozec, Yannick Mallédant, Véronique Sébille, Samir Jaber, Aurélie Le Thuaut, Fanny Feuillet, Raphaël Cinotti
BACKGROUND: Patients with brain injury are at high risk of extubation failure. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study in four intensive care units of three university hospitals. The aim of the study was to create a score that could predict extubation success in patients with brain injury. RESULTS: A total of 437 consecutive patients with brain injury were included, and 338 patients (77.3%) displayed successful extubation...
June 21, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638706/cardiac-troponin-and-cerebral-herniation-in-acute-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#7
Mangmang Xu, Jing Lin, Deren Wang, Ming Liu, Zilong Hao, Chunyan Lei
OBJECTIVES: To explore the association, if any, between the relationship between cardiac troponin and cerebral herniation after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: Six hundred and eighty-seven consecutive ICH patients admitted to West China Hospital from May 1, 2014 to September 1, 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Data on demographics, etiology, laboratory examinations at admission including serum cardiac troponin, computed tomography (CT) scans at admission and follow-up, and clinical outcomes were obtained...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637556/pretrauma-functional-independence-measure-score-predicts-survival-in-geriatric-trauma
#8
Brian Fletcher, Eric Bradburn, Christopher Baker, Bryan Collier, Mark Hamill, Katherine Shaver
The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) is used by rehabilitation professionals to access disability. The FIM score combines both motor and cognitive parameters to assess a patient's level of required assistance in performing activities of daily living (ADL). The geriatric trauma patient is becoming an increasingly important cohort for trauma services. FIM has been shown to predict discharge outcomes and those at high risk for falls. We hypothesized pretrauma FIM scores may predict survival in the geriatric trauma population...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637115/ruptured-carotid-ophthalmic-aneurysm-treatment-a-non-inferiority-meta-analysis-comparing-endovascular-coiling-and-surgical-clipping
#9
Alberto Falk Delgado, Tommy Andersson, Anna Falk Delgado
INTRODUCTION: Aneurysms of the carotid-ophthalmic segment are relatively rare, comprising only five percent of all intracranial aneurysms. There is no consensus regarding the optimal management for ruptured carotid-ophthalmic aneurysms, whether endovascular coiling or surgical clipping provide the most favourable patient outcome. The aim of this meta-analysis is to analyse these two treatment modalities for ruptured carotid-ophthalmic aneurysms with respect to independent clinical outcome...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634840/self-inflicted-abdominal-stab-wounds-have-a-higher-rate-of-non-therapeutic-laparotomy-laparoscopy-and-a-lower-risk-of-injury
#10
Nikolay Bugaev, Kevin McKay, Janis L Breeze, Sandra S Arabian, Reuven Rabinovici
BACKGROUND: The profile and management of self-inflicted abdominal stab wounds (SI-ASW) patients is still obscure. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank (2012) was queried for adults with abdominal stab wounds (n = 9544). Patients with SI-ASW (n = 1724) and non-SI-ASW (n = 7820) were compared. Predictors for non-therapeutic laparotomy/laparoscopy (non-TL) in SI-ASW patients were identified. RESULTS: SI-ASW patients were older, had more females and behavioral disorders, similar physiology, but a lower Injury Severity Score...
June 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634135/outcomes-and-role-of-urgent-endoscopy-in-high-risk-patients-with-acute-nonvariceal-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#11
Soo-Han Cho, Yoon-Seon Lee, Youn-Jung Kim, Chang Hwan Sohn, Shin Ahn, Dong-Woo Seo, Won Young Kim, Jae Ho Lee, Kyoung Soo Lim
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We investigated clinical outcomes in high-risk patients with acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), and determined if urgent endoscopy is effective. METHODS: Consecutive patients with Glasgow-Blatchford score >7 who underwent endoscopy for acute nonvariceal UGIB at the emergency department from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2014, were included. Urgent (<6 h) and elective (6-48 h) endoscopies were defined according to the time to endoscopy after the initial presentation...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633722/characterization-of-patients-who-present-with-insomnia-is-there-room-for-asymptom-cluster-based-approach
#12
Megan R Crawford, Diana A Chirinos, Toni Iurcotta, Jack D Edinger, James K Wyatt, Rachel Manber, Jason C Ong
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study examined empirically derived symptom cluster profiles among patients who present with insomnia using clinical data andpolysomnography. METHODS: Latent profile analysis was used to identify symptom cluster profiles of 175 individuals (63% female) with insomnia disorder based on total scoreson validated self-report instruments of daytime and nighttime symptoms (Insomnia Severity Index, Glasgow Sleep Effort Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale,Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Pre-Sleep Arousal Scale), mean values from a 7-day sleep diary (sleep onset latency, wakeafter sleep onset, and sleep efficiency), and total sleep time derived from an in-laboratory PSG...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633535/changes-in-the-level-of-cardiac-troponine-and-disorders-in-pulmonary-gas-exchange-as-predictors-of-short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-patients-with-aneurysm-subarachnoid-haemorrhage
#13
Małgorzata Burzyńska, Agnieszka Uryga, Magdalena Kasprowicz, Jarosław Kędziora, Ewa Szewczyk, Jowita Woźniak, Włodzimierz Jarmundowicz, Andrzej Kübler
SUBJECT: Cardiopulmonary abnormalities are common after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH). However, the relationship between short- and long-term outcome is poorly understood. In this paper, we present how cardiac troponine elevations (cTnI) and pulmonary disorders are associated with short- and long-term outcomes assessed by the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) and Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOSE). METHODS: A total of 104 patients diagnosed with aSAH were analysed in the study...
June 21, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632657/role-of-computed-tomography-in-the-classification-of-pediatric-pelvic-fractures-revisited
#14
Melissa A Bent, William L Hennrikus, Johan E Latorre, Douglas G Armstrong, Brian Shaw, Kerwyn C Jones, Lee S Segal
OBJECTIVES: To determine the need for computerized tomography (CT) scans in the assessment of pediatric pelvic fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective Chart Review. SETTING: Level-1 Pediatric Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty pediatric trauma patients with pelvic fractures who have obtained both a radiograph and CT scan. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Fleiss Kappa coefficient to compare interreliability...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628497/predicting-short-term-and-long-term-mortality-of-hospitalized-portuguese-patients-with-alcoholic-hepatitis
#15
Samuel R Fernandes, Pedro Marques da Costa, Sofia Vítor, Joana R Carvalho, Patrícia Santos, Carlos M Moura, Helena Cortez-Pinto, Fernando Ramalho, José Velosa
BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse can result in a spectrum of liver injury that ranges from mild fatty infiltration to alcoholic hepatitis (AH), cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The present study aimed to evaluate current scoring systems in predicting short-term and long-term mortality because of AH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Records of 170 consecutive patients with AH admitted to a tertiary center between January 2005 and October 2015 were reviewed. Clinical and biochemical parameters were retrieved for the assessment of AH scores for the day of admission (D1) and for the seventh day of hospitalization (D7)...
June 16, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625468/necrotizing-tenon-s-capsule-infection-in-a-lymphopenic-down-syndrome-patient-following-strabismus-surgery
#16
Melinda Y Chang, Wenjing Liu, Ben J Glasgow, Sherwin J Isenberg, Federico G Velez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625260/-predictive-value-of-four-different-scoring-systems-for-septic-patient-s-outcome-a-retrospective-analysis-with-311-patients
#17
Shengbiao Wang, Tao Li, Yunfeng Li, Jianwen Zhang, Xingui Dai
OBJECTIVE: To study the predicting value of four different scoring systems such as the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, quick SOFA (qSOFA) score and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score for the prognosis of septic patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis were conducted. Septic patients in intensive care unit (ICU) of the First People's Hospital of Chenzhou form July 1st, 2012 to June 30th, 2016 were enrolled...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624560/intracranial-hypotension-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenge
#18
Jacob Chen Ming Low, Anan Shtaya, Samantha Hettige
BACKGROUND: Intracranial hypotension (IH) is a recognised cause of coma, however, the diagnosis is often challenging, especially in patients with superimposed traumatic brain injury (TBI). CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 67-year-old patient who became comatose following evacuation of bilateral acute subdural haematomas with concurrent respiratory failure. Imaging and intraparenchymal intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring confirmed secondary IH. She was managed with an epidural blood patch, and a 72 hours period in the trendelenberg position guided by ICP monitoring and clinical assessment...
June 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624052/association-between-surgical-patient-satisfaction-and-nonmodifiable-factors
#19
Luke Martin, Angela P Presson, Chong Zhang, David Ray, Samuel Finlayson, Robert Glasgow
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction surveys are an important tool in measuring physician performance. We hypothesized that nonmodifiable factors would be associated with surgical outpatient satisfaction scores. METHODS: Press Ganey Consumer Assessment of Health Providers and Systems outpatient satisfaction scores from completed surveys (18,373) at an academic department of surgery were reviewed. Data were collected on patient factors, provider specialty, practice setting, and first visit status...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623805/heroin-and-pharmaceutical-opioid-overdose-events-emergency-medical-response-characteristics
#20
Caleb J Banta-Green, Phillip O Coffin, Jennie A Schoeppe, Joseph O Merrill, Lauren K Whiteside, Abigail K Ebersol
BACKGROUND: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) data may provide insight into opioid overdose incidence, clinical characteristics, and medical response. This analysis describes patient characteristics, clinical features, and EMS response to opioid overdoses, comparing heroin and pharmaceutical opioid (PO) overdoses, using a structured opioid overdose case criteria definition. METHODS: A case series study was conducted. EMS medical staff screened cases for possible overdoses and study staff categorized the likelihood of opioid overdose...
June 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
keyword
keyword
70768
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"