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Vijayakumar Ramaraj, Rajyoganandh S Vijayaraman, Veena Hemanth, Sudha Rangarajan, Anupma Jyoti Kindo
Background & objectives: : Dermatophytes are keratinophilic fungi that infect keratinized tissues of human and animal origin. Trichophyton mentagrophytes is considered to be a species complex composed of several strains, which include both anthropophiles and zoophiles. Accurate discrimination is critical for comprehensive understanding of the clinical and epidemiological implications of the genetic heterogeneity of this complex. Molecular strain typing renders an effective way to discriminate each strain...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Hongwei Zhang, Wei Zhu, Ewelina Biskup, Weige Yang, Ziang Yang, Hong Wang, Xiaochun Qiu, Chengjiao Zhang, Guangxia Hu, Guangfu Hu
Purpose: The aim was to systematically extrapolate the occurrence, risk factors, prognostic characteristics, management and outcome of bone metastases (BM) and skeletal related events (SREs) of breast cancer survivors in the real world clinical setting. Methods: A systematic literature search of PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE OvidSP and EBSCO Academic Search Complete was conducted. Published prospective and retrospective papers investigating BM and SREs in breast cancer patients in non-trial settings were identified and systematically reviewed...
June 2018: Journal of Bone Oncology
Masood Umer, Yasir Mohib, Muhammed Atif, Muhammad Nazim
Background: Renal cell carcinoma account for 3% of all cancers, with peak incidence between 60 and 70 years of age predominantly affecting male population. Renal carcinoma is the most common malignancy of kidney constitutes for 80-90% of renal neoplasm with an overall 45% five years survival rate. Majority are diagnosed incidentally during investigation for other disease process of abdomen. Classical triad of gross hematuria, pain and palpable mass in abdomen is rare accounting to only 6-10%...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Noopur Raje, Garson David Roodman, Wolfgang Willenbacher, Kazuyuki Shimizu, Ramón García-Sanz, Evangelos Terpos, Lisa Kennedy, Lorenzo Sabatelli, Michele Intorcia, Guy Hechmati
OBJECTIVE: A large, pivotal, phase 3 trial in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) demonstrated that denosumab, compared with zoledronic acid, was non-inferior for the prevention of skeletal-related events (SREs), extended the observed median progression-free survival (PFS) by 10.7 months, and showed significantly less renal toxicity. The cost-effectiveness of denosumab vs zoledronic acid in MM in the US was assessed from societal and payer perspectives. METHODS: The XGEVA Global Economic Model was developed by integrating data from the phase 3 trial comparing the efficacy of denosumab with zoledronic acid for the prevention of SREs in MM...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
Ruoyu Wang, Latif Kalin
This study investigated potential changes in flow, total suspended solid (TSS) and nutrient (nitrogen and phosphorous) loadings under future climate change, land use/cover (LULC) change and combined change scenarios in the Wolf Bay watershed, southern Alabama, USA. Four Global Circulation Models (GCMs) under three Special Report Emission Scenarios (SRES) of greenhouse gas were used to assess the future climate change (2016-2040). Three projected LULC maps (2030) were employed to reflect different extents of urbanization in future...
February 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
John Ashcroft, Ignacio Duran, Herbert Hoefeler, Vito Lorusso, Diana Lueftner, Marco Campioni, Michele Intorcia, Amit Bahl
OBJECTIVES: Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) often experience debilitating skeletal-related events (SREs: pathologic fracture, radiation to bone [RB], surgery to bone [SB] or spinal cord compression [SCC]). This is the first comprehensive, prospective, observational analysis of healthcare resource utilisation (HRU), independently attributed to SREs by investigators, in patients with MM. METHODS: Eligible patients had lytic bone lesions, life expectancy ≥6 months, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤2, and ≥1 SRE in the 97 days before enrolment...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
Helene Sertznig, Frank Hillebrand, Steffen Erkelenz, Heiner Schaal, Marek Widera
Alternative splicing plays a key role in the HIV-1 life cycle and is essential to maintain an equilibrium of mRNAs that encode viral proteins and polyprotein-isoforms. In particular, since all early HIV-1 proteins are expressed from spliced intronless and late enzymatic and structural proteins from intron containing, i.e. splicing repressed viral mRNAs, cellular splicing factors and splicing regulatory proteins are crucial for the replication capacity. In this review, we will describe the complex network of cis-acting splicing regulatory elements (SREs), which are mainly localized in the neighbourhoods of all HIV-1 splice sites and warrant the proper ratio of individual transcript isoforms...
January 29, 2018: Virology
Takefumi Satoh, Dianne Ledesma, Nariaki Yoshihara
Objective: Although androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has improved the survival and quality of life of patients with prostate cancer, resistance to treatment inevitably results in transition to a castration resistant state (CRPC) and, in advanced cases, bone metastasis, leading to skeletal related events (SRE). In order to understand the current burden on patients in Japan, there is a need to estimate the healthcare costs of CRPC treatment in current clinical practice. Methods: This retrospective observational cohort study utilized claims data from 13 national university hospitals through the Platform for Clinical Information Statistical Analysis database...
January 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
James J Harding, Ghaith Abu-Zeinah, Joanne F Chou, Dwight Hall Owen, Michele Ly, Maeve Aine Lowery, Marinela Capanu, Richard Do, Nancy E Kemeny, Eileen M O'Reilly, Leonard B Saltz, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa
Background: Bone metastases are common in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but their incidence, morbidity, and mortality are not well defined. Methods: The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center database was queried for all patients with HCC and metastases seen from 2002 to 2014. The prevalence of bone metastasis was determined and cumulative incidence function was used to estimate the probability of developing a bone metastasis. Regression models were created to identify risk factors for osseous metastasis...
January 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Sascha Macherey, Ina Monsef, Franziska Jahn, Karin Jordan, Kwok Keung Yuen, Axel Heidenreich, Nicole Skoetz
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and incidence of pain and skeletal complications of metastatic bone disease such as pathologic fractures, spinal cord compression and hypercalcemia is high and an important contributor to morbidity, poor performance status and decreased quality of life. Moreover, pathologic fractures are associated with increased risk of death in people with disseminated malignancies. Therefore, prevention of pain and fractures are important goals in men with prostate cancer at risk for skeletal complications...
December 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Shruti Upadhyaya, Raaj Ramsankaran
The main objective of this study is to validate and inter-compare two Near-Real-Time Satellite Rainfall Estimates (NRT-SREs): INSAT Multispectral Rainfall Algorithm (IMSRA, simple blended product) and TMPA 3B42-RT V7 (3B42-RT, multisatellite product) across India. This study aims to provide some insight into the error characteristics of both the NRT-SREs to the algorithm developers and end users by inter-comparing the daily rainfall estimates during the southwest monsoon period of 2010-2013. This study utilizes various volumetric statistics and categorical statistics to understand and evaluate the performance of NRT-SREs in terms of both spatial and volumetric error characteristics (hit, miss, and false error) at different rainfall thresholds across different Köppen-Geiger climate regions of India using the gridded gauge data provided by Indian Meteorological Department as reference dataset...
December 23, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
J F Hilton, M Clemons, G Pond, H Zhao, S Mazzarello, L Vandermeer, C L Addison
Background: Switching patients who remain at high risk of skeletal related events (SREs) despite pamidronate to the more potent bisphosphonate zoledronate, may be an effective treatment strategy. As part of a previously reported clinic study in this setting, we evaluated whether biomarkers for bone resorption, such as Bone-Specific Alkaline Phosphatase (BSAP), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and N-terminal telopeptide (NTX) correlated with subsequent SRE risk. Methods: Breast cancer patients who remained at high risk of SREs despite at least 3 months of q...
March 2018: Journal of Bone Oncology
Rayanne B Burl, Stephanie Clough, Edward Sendler, Molly Estill, Stephen A Krawetz
Idiopathic infertility, an etiology not identified as part of standard clinical assessment, represents approximately 20% of all infertility cases. Current male infertility diagnosis focuses on the concentration, motility, and morphology of spermatozoa. This is of limited value when predicting birth success and of limited utility when selecting the optimum treatment. At fertilization, spermatozoa provide their genomic contribution, as well as a set of RNAs and proteins that have distinct roles in development...
February 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Maki Yokomoto-Umakoshi, Hironobu Umakoshi, Mika Tsuiki, Tatsuki Ogasawara, Kaho Hamanaka-Hiroshima, Akiyo Tanabe, Tetsuya Tagami, Akira Shimatsu, Mitsuhide Naruse
Malignant pheochromocytoma (PHEO) and paraganglioma (PGL) (PHEO and PGL: PPGL) are frequently associated with bone metastasis. Bone metastasis requires long-term management and may lead to skeletal-related events (SREs) that remarkably reduce patients' quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study was to elucidate the risk factors for developing bone metastasis in patients with PPGL. The medical records of 40 consecutive adult patients with malignant PPGL at the National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center between 2006 and 2016 were reviewed...
November 29, 2017: Endocrine Journal
Hiroyuki Tominaga, Takao Setoguchi, Hirofumi Shimada, Satoshi Nagano, Hiromi Sasaki, Yasuhiro Ishidou, Masami Sato, Keiko Mizuno, Hiromasa Inoue, Setsuro Komiya
The aim of the present study was to detect prognostic factors in patients with skeletal-related events (SREs) and bone metastasis at the time of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) diagnosis. A total of 85 NSCLC patients were retrospectively enrolled, 47 (55.2%) of whom presented with SREs at the time of NSCLC diagnosis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified squamous cell carcinoma as a risk factor for SRE. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that there was no difference in the overall survival between the SRE and no SRE groups...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Evangelos Terpos, Dimitrios Christoulas, Maria Gavriatopoulou
Myeloma bone disease (MBD) is the most common complication of multiple myeloma (MM), resulting in skeleton-related events (SREs) such as severe bone pain, pathologic fractures, vertebral collapse, hypercalcemia, and spinal cord compression that cause significant morbidity and mortality. It is due to an increased activity of osteoclasts coupled to the suppressed bone formation by osteoblasts. Novel molecules and pathways that are implicated in osteoclast activation and osteoblast inhibition have recently been described, including the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kB ligand/osteoprotegerin pathway, activin-A and the wingless-type signaling inhibitors, dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) and sclerostin...
March 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Ling Cao, Yong-Jing Yang, Jian-Dong Diao, Xu-He Zhang, Yan-Ling Liu, Bo-Yu Wang, Zhi-Wen Li, Shi-Xin Liu
Zoledronic acid is used to treat patients with bone metastasis, but the optimal dosing interval remains controversial. We therefore performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of a 12-week interval of zoledronic acid with the standard 4-week interval. Three randomized controlled trials comprising 2650 patients were analyzed. Using a random-effects model, pooled risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. No differences in the occurrence of skeletal-related events (SREs: RR = 0...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
Jaime Badel-Mogollón, Laura Rodríguez-Figueroa, Gabriel Parra-Henao
INTRODUCTION: Due to the lack of information regarding biophysical and spatio-temporal conditions (hydrometheorologic and vegetal coverage density) in areas with Triatoma dimidiata in the Colombian departments of Santander and Boyacá, there is a need to elucidate the association patterns of these variables to determine the distribution and control of this species. OBJECTIVE: To make a spatio-temporal analysis of biophysical variables related to the distribution of T...
March 29, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
A F de Groot, N M Appelman-Dijkstra, S H van der Burg, J R Kroep
At present, accumulating evidence suggests that inhibition of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) does not only induce an increase in bone mass and strength, but also has anti-tumor effects. Denosumab, an antibody targeting RANKL, is used to treat osteoporosis and to prevent skeletal related events (SREs) in patients with bone metastases originating from solid tumors. However, expression of RANKL and its receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK) is not solely restricted to cells involved in homeostasis of the bone and RANKL-RANK signalling appears to play a substantial role in many other processes in the body like mammary physiology, mammary tumorigenesis and the immune system...
January 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Rachelle W Johnson, Larry J Suva
Breast cancer bone metastasis develops as the result of a series of complex interactions between tumor cells, bone marrow cells, and resident bone cells. The net effect of these interactions are the disruption of normal bone homeostasis, often with significantly increased osteoclast and osteoblast activity, which has provided a rational target for controlling tumor progression, with little or no emphasis on tumor eradication. Indeed, the clinical course of metastatic breast cancer is relatively long, with patients likely to experience sequential skeletal-related events (SREs), often over lengthy periods of time, even up to decades...
November 14, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
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