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Anton G T Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Annie Ogasawara, Glenn Pacheco, Alexander Vanderbilt, Jeff Tinianow, Nidhi Gupta, Dongwei Li, Ron Firestein, Jan Marik, Suzie J Scales, Simon-Peter Williams
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) use monoclonal antibodies (mAb) as vehicles to deliver potent cytotoxic drugs selectively to tumor cells expressing the target. Molecular imaging with zirconium-89 (89Zr) labeled mAbs recapitulates similar targeting biology and might help predict the efficacy of these ADCs. An anti-mesothelin antibody (AMA, MMOT0530A) was used to make comparisons between its efficacy as an ADC and its tumor uptake as measured by 89Zr immunoPET imaging. Mesothelin-targeted tumor growth inhibition by monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE), ADC AMA-MMAE (DMOT4039A), was measured in mice bearing xenografts of ovarian cancer OVCAR-3 X2...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Rashi Arora, Sharad Sawney, Vikas Saini, Chris Steffi, Manisha Tiwari, Daman Saluja
BACKGROUND: A handful of studies have exploited antitumor potential of esculetin, a dihydroxy coumarine derivative; the targets to which it binds and the possible downstream mechanism for its cytotoxicity in cancer cells remain to be elucidated. Using pancreatic cancer cell lines as a model system, herein the study was initiated to check the efficacy of esculetin in inhibiting growth of these cancer cells, to decipher mechanism of its action and to predict its direct binding target protein...
October 18, 2016: Molecular Cancer
Toshinori Ozaki, Mizuyo Nakamura, Takehiro Ogata, Meijie Sang, Hiroyuki Yoda, Kiriko Hiraoka, Meixiang Sang, Osamu Shimozato
Recently, we have described that siRNA-mediated silencing of runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) improves anti-cancer drug gemcitabine (GEM) sensitivity of p53-deficient human pancreatic cancer AsPC-1 cells through the augmentation of p53 family TAp63-dependent cell death pathway. In this manuscript, we have extended our study to p53-mutated human pancreatic cancer Panc-1 cells. According to our present results, knockdown of mutant p53 alone had a marginal effect on GEM-mediated cell death of Panc-1 cells...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Hwa Jin Lee, Qian Wu, Hua Li, Gyu-Un Bae, An Keun Kim, Jae-Ha Ryu
Pancreatic cancer is aggressive and therefore difficult to treat; however, continued efforts have been made with the aim of developing an effective therapy against the disease. The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is reportedly involved in the proliferation and survival of pancreatic cancer cells. The transcription factor glioma-associated oncogene (Gli) is a key component of the Hh signaling pathway and the primary effector of pancreatic cancer development. Inhibiting Gli is a proven therapeutic strategy for this disease...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
(no author information available yet)
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September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Koji Nishi, Kenta Suzuki, Junpei Sawamoto, Yuma Tokizawa, Yumiko Iwase, Nagahiko Yumita, Toshihiko Ikeda
Cancer cells tend to have a high requirement for lipids, including fatty acids, cholesterol and triglyceride, because of their rapid proliferative rate compared to normal cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of inhibition of lipid synthesis on the proliferation and viability of human pancreatic cancer cells. Of the inhibitors of lipid synthesis that were tested, 5-(tetradecyloxy)-2-furoic acid (TOFA), which is an inhibitor of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, and the fatty acid synthase (FAS) inhibitors cerulenin and irgasan, significantly suppressed the proliferation of MiaPaCa-2 and AsPC-1 cells...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
Laura J Broughton, Francesca Giuntini, Huguette Savoie, Francesca Bryden, Ross W Boyle, Anthony Maraveyas, Leigh A Madden
Duramycin, through binding with phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), has been shown to be a selective molecular probe for the targeting and imaging of cancer cells. Photodynamic therapy aims to bring about specific cytotoxic damage to tumours through delivery of a photosensitising agent and light irradiation. Conjugation to biological molecules that specifically target cancer has been shown to increase photosensitiser (PS) selectivity and decrease damage to surrounding normal tissue. The aim of this study was to target tumour cells with a PE-specific PS therefore duramycin was conjugated to a porphyrin based PS which was achieved via direct reaction with the ε-amino group on the lysine residue near duramycin's N-terminal...
October 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Jing-Xuan Wu, Yi-Hua Hong, Xiao-Gai Yang
In this study, the antiproliferative effect of bis(acetylacetonato)-oxidovanadium(IV) and sodium metavanadate and the underlying mechanisms were investigated in human pancreatic cancer cell line AsPC-1. The results showed that both exhibited an antiproliferative effect through inducing G2/M cell cycle arrest and can also cause elevation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in cells. Moreover, the two vanadium compounds induced the activation of both PI3K/AKT and MAPK/ERK signaling pathways dose- and time-dependently, which could be counteracted with the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
Youngjae Won, Byungjun Park, Inwook Kim, Seungrag Lee
Confocal endomicroscopy is a powerful tool for in vivo real-time imaging at cellular resolution inside a living body without tissue resection. Microscopic fluorescence lifetime measurement can provide information about localized biochemical conditions such as pH and the concentrations of oxygen and calcium. We hypothesized that combining these techniques could assist accurate cancer discrimination by providing both biochemical and morphological information. We designed a dual-mode experimental setup for confocal endomicroscopic imaging and fluorescence lifetime measurement and applied it to a mouse xenograft model of activated human pancreatic cancer generated by subcutaneous injection of AsPC-1 tumor cells...
August 2016: Heliyon
Saini Setua, Sheema Khan, Murali M Yallapu, Stephen W Behrman, Mohammed Sikander, Shabia Shabir Khan, Meena Jaggi, Subhash C Chauhan
INTRODUCTION: The functional significance of lost microRNAs has been reported in several human malignancies, including pancreatic cancer (PC). Our prior work has identified microRNA-145 (miR-145) as a tumor suppressor microRNA (miRNA) in pancreatic cancer. The restoration of miR-145 downregulates a number of oncogenes including mucin MUC13, a transmembrane glycoprotein that is aberrantly expressed in pancreatic cancer, thus efficiently inhibiting tumor growth in mice. However, lack of an effective tumor-specific delivery system remains an unmet clinical challenge for successful translation of microRNAs...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Lirong Zhang, Dongqing Wang, Yumei Li, Yanfang Liu, Xiaodong Xie, Yingying Wu, Yuepeng Zhou, Jing Ren, Jianxin Zhang, Haitao Zhu, Zhaoliang Su
BACKGROUND: Tumor metastasis is driven by malignant cells and stromal cell components of the tumor microenvironment. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are thought to be responsible for metastasis by altering the tumor microenvironment. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) processes contribute to specific stages of the metastatic cascade, promoted by cytokines and chemokines secreted by stromal cell components in the tumor microenvironment. C-C chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) interacts with its ligand, chemokine ligand 21(CCL21), to mediate metastasis in some cancer cells lines...
2016: PloS One
Yafang Qian, Bo Yang, Yang Xiong, Mancang Gu
Clinical outcomes in patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) continue to be dismal, in part due to de novo and acquired chemoresistance. In the present study, we provide preclinical evidence that pre-treatment with coix seed emulsion, an injectable agent extracted from coix seeds, synergistically sensitized PC cell lines (BxPC-3, PANC-1 and AsPC-1) to gemcitabine, both in vitro and in vivo. Such pretreatment led to significant induction of pro-apoptosis proteins, including caspase-3, cleaved-PARP and Bax (P<0...
September 2016: Oncology Reports
Chaomei Liu, Mei Zhang, Zhenhuan Zhang, Steven B Zhang, Shanmin Yang, Amy Zhang, Liangjie Yin, Steven Swarts, Sadasivan Vidyasagar, Lurong Zhang, Paul Okunieff
In an effort to develop new drug candidates with enhanced anticancer activity, our team synthesized and assessed the cytotoxicity of a series of novel xanthone derivatives with two longer 3,6-disubstituted amine carbonyl methoxy side chains on either benzene ring in selected human cancer cell lines. An MTT assay revealed that a set of compounds with lower IC50 values than the positive control, 5-FU, exhibited greater anticancer effects. The most potent derivative (XD8) exhibited anticancer activity in MDA-MB-231, PC-3, A549, AsPC-1, and HCT116 cells lines with IC50 values of 8...
September 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Jianyi Yang, Xuejun Gong, Lu Ouyang, Wen He, Rou Xiao, Li Tan
Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate-dependent Rac exchanger factor 2 (PREX2) is a novel regulator of the small guanosine triphosphatase Rac, and has been observed to be implicated in human cancer by inhibiting the activity of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), thus upregulating the activity of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway. However, the exact role of PREX2 in pancreatic cancer has not been reported to date. In the present study, the expression levels of PREX2 were observed to be frequently increased in pancreatic cancer specimens compared with those in their matched adjacent normal tissues...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
Haisu Dai, Haowei Chen, Wei Liu, Yu You, Jiaxin Tan, Aigang Yang, Xiangdong Lai, Ping Bie
PURPOSE: Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) is a tumor suppressor that inhibits cell growth and metastasis of malignant tumors. Pancreatic cancer is a leading cause of cancer death with a low survival rate. RKIP expression and its role in tumorigenesis and metastasis in pancreatic cancer are poorly understood. The aims of our study were to assess the effects of RKIP on pancreatic carcinoma cells in vitro and in tumor tissues in vivo. METHODS: This study included 84 patients with histologically confirmed pancreatic adenocarcinoma...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Joanna Napp, Luis A Pardo, Franziska Hartung, Lutz F Tietze, Walter Stühmer, Frauke Alves
The Kv10.1 (Eag1) voltage-gated potassium channel represents a promising molecular target for novel cancer therapies or diagnostic purposes. Physiologically, it is only expressed in the brain, but it was found overexpressed in more than 70 % of tumours of diverse origin. Furthermore, as a plasma membrane protein, it is easily accessible to extracellular interventions. In this study we analysed the feasibility of the anti-Kv10.1 monoclonal antibody mAb62 to target tumour cells in vitro and in vivo and to deliver therapeutics to the tumour...
October 2016: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
Sabrina Bimonte, Antonio Barbieri, Maddalena Leongito, Mauro Piccirillo, Aldo Giudice, Claudia Pivonello, Cristina de Angelis, Vincenza Granata, Raffaele Palaia, Francesco Izzo
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the deadliest cancers worldwide. Surgical resection remains the only curative therapeutic treatment for this disease, although only the minority of patients can be resected due to late diagnosis. Systemic gemcitabine-based chemotherapy plus nab-paclitaxel are used as the gold-standard therapy for patients with advanced PC; although this treatment is associated with a better overall survival compared to the old treatment, many side effects and poor results are still present. Therefore, new alternative therapies have been considered for treatment of advanced PC...
2016: Nutrients
Dawei Guo, Jinshuai Guo, Junchao Yao, Kun Jiang, Jianhua Hu, Bo Wang, Haiyang Liu, Lin Lin, Wenyu Sun, Xiaofeng Jiang
Previous studies have established the important role of MIF in the development of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) for both therapeutic and diagnostic perspectives, but little is known about the expression and function of D-dopachrome tautomerase (DDT), a functional homolog of MIF, in PDAC. In the present study, we demonstrated that DDT was over-expressed in PDAC tissues in a pattern correlated with MIF. In the pancreatic cancer cell lines, PANC-1, BXPC-3 and ASPC-1, both DDT and MIF were expressed and co-localized with each other in the endosomal compartments and plasma membrane...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Meenu Madan, Arjun Patel, Kristen Skruber, Dirk Geerts, Deborah A Altomare, Otto Phanstiel Iv
The purpose of this paper was to better understand the role of polyamine transport in pancreatic cancers.This paper identifies potential biomarkers for assessing the relative tumor commitment to polyamine biosynthesis or transport. Cell lines with low polyamine import activity and low ATP13A3 protein levels appear committed to polyamine biosynthesis and required high concentrations of the polyamine biosynthesis inhibitor, difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) to inhibit their growth (e.g., AsPC-1 and Capan 1). In contrast, cell lines with high polyamine import activity and high ATP13A3 protein expression (e...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Mara Saccomano, Christian Dullin, Frauke Alves, Joanna Napp
The high rate of recurrence in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) could be reduced by supporting the surgeons in discriminating healthy from diseased tissues with intraoperative fluorescence-guidance. Here, we studied the suitability of Cetuximab, a therapeutic monoclonal antibody targeting the human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), near-infrared (NIR) fluorescently labeled as a new tool for fluorescence-guided surgery. Distribution and binding of systemically injected Cetuximab Alexa Fluor 647 conjugate (Cetux-Alexa-647) and the co-injected control human IgG Alexa Fluor 750 conjugate (hIgG-Alexa-750) was studied over 48 h by NIR fluorescence imaging in mice bearing human orthotopic AsPC-1 and MIA PaCa-2 PDAC tumors...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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