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periodic fever guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905890/low-and-declining-attack-rates-of-imported-typhoid-fever-in-the-netherlands-1997-2014-in-spite-of-a-restricted-vaccination-policy
#1
F S T Suryapranata, M Prins, G J B Sonder
BACKGROUND: Typhoid fever mainly occurs in (sub) tropical regions where sanitary conditions remain poor. In other regions it occurs mainly among returning travelers or their direct contacts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current Dutch guidelines for typhoid vaccination. METHOD: Crude annual attack rates (AR) per 100,000 Dutch travelers were calculated during the period 1997 to 2014 by dividing the number of typhoid fever cases by the estimated total number of travelers to a specific country or region...
December 1, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804044/tokyo-guidelines-2013-may-be-too-restrictive-and-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-acute-cholecystitis-can-be-managed-by-early-cholecystectomy-too
#2
Vinoban Amirthalingam, Jee Keem Low, Winston Woon, Vishalkumar Shelat
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is safe and feasible for patients diagnosed with moderate (grade 2) and severe (grade 3) acute cholecystitis (AC) according to the Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13). BACKGROUND: Early cholecystectomy is the current accepted standard of care for patients with mild (grade 1) and selected grade 2 AC based on TG13. For selected grade 2 and grade 3 AC, early percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) followed by delayed cholecystectomy is recommended...
November 1, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780199/factors-associated-with-the-time-of-admission-among-notified-dengue-fever-cases-in-region-viii-philippines-from-2008-to-2014
#3
Jason Echavez Abello, Julita Gil Cuesta, Boyd Roderick Cerro, Debarati Guha-Sapir
In cases of Dengue fever, late hospital admission can lead to treatment delay and even death. In order to improve early disease notification and management, it is essential to investigate the factors affecting the time of admission of Dengue cases. This study determined the factors associated with the time of admission among notified Dengue cases. The study covered the period between 2008 and 2014 in Region VIII, Philippines. The factors assessed were age, sex, hospital sector, hospital level, disease severity based on the 1997 WHO Dengue classification, and period of admission (distinguishing between the 2010 Dengue epidemic and non-epidemic time)...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680224/a-case-of-cefepime-encephalopathy-being-difficult-to-distinguish-from-non-convulsive-status-epilepticus-during-the-treatment-of-bacterial-meningitis
#4
Yusuke Toda, Mineo Yamazaki, Tomohiro Ota, Yosuke Fujisawa, Kazumi Kimura
A 64-year-old man with fever, appetite loss, and pain in the back of the neck visited our hospital. We diagnosed him as having bacterial meningitis because of pleocytosis of the cerebrospinal fluid, and started treatment with antibiotics. Multiple cerebral infarcts were found on brain MRI. We suspected that the origin of the bacterial meningitis was infective endocarditis, and administered Cefepime and Gentamicin according to the guidelines for treatment of infective endocarditis. Three days later, he became drowsy and had myoclonus and flapping of the extremities...
September 28, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546970/blood-culture-isolates-and-antibiogram-of-salmonella-experience-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#5
Lavan Singh, M P Cariappa
BACKGROUND: Enteric fevers contribute majorly to the burden of morbidity from infectious diseases in the developing world. Due to growing antibiotic resistance seen in their management, Salmonella and its various species are required to be periodically tested for sensitivity and resistance patterns, to guide the clinical management at the local level. This will also enable planning of antibiotic recycling wherever feasible. METHODS: A retrospective study of the results of blood culture isolates covering a period of 27 months was done at a tertiary care hospital...
July 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527755/blood-cultures-in-the-evaluation-of-uncomplicated-cellulitis
#6
Sophie Bauer, Carole E Aubert, Mischa Richli, Christian Chuard
PURPOSE: The frequency of bacteremia and the array of microorganisms involved in cellulitis vary greatly among studies. Although current guidelines do not recommend routine blood culture in uncomplicated cellulitis, their implementation in clinical practice remains challenging. We therefore aimed to assess the frequency, determinants and microbiology of bacteremia in hospitalized patients with uncomplicated cellulitis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all adult patients admitted at a primary-care hospital with a diagnosis of community-acquired uncomplicated cellulitis during a 4-year period...
August 12, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499360/exploring-the-risk-factors-for-differences-in-the-cumulative-incidence-of-coeliac-disease-in-two-neighboring-countries-the-prospective-diabimmune-study
#7
Kärt Simre, Oivi Uibo, Aleksandr Peet, Vallo Tillmann, Pille Kool, Anu-Maaria Hämäläinen, Taina Härkönen, Heli Siljander, Suvi Virtanen, Jorma Ilonen, Mikael Knip, Raivo Uibo
BACKGROUND: During the last several decades the prevalence of coeliac disease (CD) has increased worldwide. AIM: To compare the cumulative incidence of CD between Estonian and Finnish children and to identify the risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children were recruited as part of the DIABIMMUNE Study. In the birth cohort (BC) 258 children from Estonia and 305 from Finland, and in the young children's cohort (YCC) 1363 and 1384 children were followed up, respectively...
July 6, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465677/palliative-epilepsy-surgery-in-dravet-syndrome-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Brian J Dlouhy, Brandon Miller, Anna Jeong, Mary E Bertrand, David D Limbrick, Matthew D Smyth
PURPOSE: Dravet syndrome (DS), also known as severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI), is a rare genetic disorder that results in severe childhood-onset epilepsy. Children with DS initially present with seizures in the first year of life that are often associated with fevers. With age, multiple seizure types develop. There are few reports and no guidelines regarding palliative surgical treatment for DS. Therefore, we reviewed our surgical experience with DS. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients with genetically confirmed DS who underwent either vagal nerve stimulator (VNS) implantation or corpus callosotomy (CC) from May 2001 to April 2014 at our institution...
September 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362275/risk-of-transfusion-transmitted-chikungunya-infection-and-efficacy-of-blood-safety-implementation-measures-experience-from-the-2009-epidemic-in-songkhla-province-thailand
#9
Hatsadee Appassakij, Charuporn Promwong, Pairaya Rujirojindakul, Paiwon Khuntikij, Khachornsakdi Silpapojakul
BACKGROUND: To date, neither is there a standard guideline for maintaining a safe blood supply during a chikungunya fever (CHIKF) outbreak nor has a study been performed on actual transfusion-transmitted CHIKF to recipients. This study estimated the potential incidence of transfusion-transmitted CHIKF and compared the efficacies of various blood safety intervention strategies to mitigate the transfusion-transmitted CHIKF risk. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A Web-based tool named the European Up-Front Risk Assessment Tool (EUFRAT) was used to estimate the risk of transfusion-transmitted CHIKF using data inputs from the 2009 Songkhla epidemic in Thailand...
August 2016: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297115/transfusion-transmitted-malaria-not-preventable-by-current-blood-donor-screening-guidelines-a-case-report
#10
Arthur Holtzclaw, Zorana Mrsic, Jim Managbanag, Tatjana Calvano, Christopher Colombo
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-transmitted malaria (TTM) is a well-known, though rare, entity in the United States with only 100 cases previously reported. With no Food and Drug Administration-approved screening tests of donated blood for malaria in the United States, prevention relies solely on deferral of the highest-risk donors. We present a case of TTM not preventable by these guidelines. CASE REPORT: A 76-year-old male presented with fever, hypotension, tachycardia, and a urinalysis consistent with a urinary tract infection...
September 2016: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267334/guidelines-for-the-management-and-treatment-of-periodic-fever-syndromes-periodic-fever-aphthous-stomatitis-pharyngitis-and-adenitis-syndrome
#11
Maria Teresa R A Terreri, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Claudio Arnaldo Len, Clovis Artur Almeida da Silva, Cristina Medeiros Ribeiro de Magalhães, Silvana B Sacchetti, Virgínia Paes Leme Ferriani, Daniela Gerent Petry Piotto, André de Souza Cavalcanti, Ana Júlia Pantoja de Moraes, Flavio Roberto Sztajnbok, Sheila Knupp Feitosa de Oliveira, Lucia Maria Arruda Campos, Marcia Bandeira, Flávia Patricia Sena Teixeira Santos, Claudia Saad Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: To establish guidelines based on scientific evidence for the management of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. DESCRIPTION OF THE EVIDENCE COLLECTION METHOD: The Guideline was prepared from 5 clinical questions that were structured through PICO (Patient, Intervention or indicator, Comparison and Outcome), to search in key primary scientific information databases. After defining the potential studies to support the recommendations, these were graduated considering their strength of evidence and grade of recommendation...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267333/guidelines-for-the-management-and-treatment-of-periodic-fever-syndromes-cryopyrin-associated-periodic-syndromes-cryopyrinopathies-caps
#12
Maria Teresa R A Terreri, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Claudio Arnaldo Len, Clovis Artur Almeida da Silva, Cristina Medeiros Ribeiro de Magalhães, Silvana B Sacchetti, Virgínia Paes Leme Ferriani, Daniela Gerent Petry Piotto, André de Souza Cavalcanti, Ana Júlia Pantoja de Moraes, Flavio Roberto Sztajnbok, Sheila Knupp Feitosa de Oliveira, Lucia Maria Arruda Campos, Marcia Bandeira, Flávia Patricia Sena Teixeira Santos, Claudia Saad Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: To establish guidelines based on cientific evidences for the management of cryopyrin associated periodic syndromes. DESCRIPTION OF THE EVIDENCE COLLECTION METHOD: The Guideline was prepared from 4 clinical questions that were structured through PICO (Patient, Intervention or indicator, Comparison and Outcome), to search in key primary scientific information databases. After defining the potential studies to support the recommendations, these were graduated considering their strength of evidence and grade of recommendation...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267332/guidelines-for-the-management-and-treatment-of-periodic-fever-syndromes-familial-mediterranean-fever
#13
Maria Teresa R A Terreri, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Claudio Arnaldo Len, Clovis Artur Almeida da Silva, Cristina Medeiros Ribeiro de Magalhães, Silvana B Sacchetti, Virgínia Paes Leme Ferriani, Daniela Gerent Petry Piotto, André de Souza Cavalcanti, Ana Júlia Pantoja de Moraes, Flavio Roberto Sztajnbok, Sheila Knupp Feitosa de Oliveira, Lucia Maria Arruda Campos, Marcia Bandeira, Flávia Patricia Sena Teixeira Santos, Claudia Saad Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: To establish guidelines based on scientific evidence for the management of familial Mediterranean fever. DESCRIPTION OF THE EVIDENCE COLLECTION METHOD: The Guideline was prepared from 5 clinical questions that were structured through PICO (Patient, Intervention or indicator, Comparison and Outcome), to search key primary scientific information databases. After defining the potential studies to support the recommendations, these were graduated considering their strength of evidence and grade of recommendation...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254729/autochthonous-dengue-outbreak-in-n%C3%A3-mes-south-of-france-july-to-september-2015
#14
Tiphanie Succo, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Jean-Baptiste Ferré, David Roiz, Béatrice Broche, Marianne Maquart, Harold Noel, Olivier Catelinois, Farhad Entezam, Didier Caire, Frédéric Jourdain, Isabelle Esteve-Moussion, Amandine Cochet, Christophe Paupy, Cyril Rousseau, Marie-Claire Paty, Franck Golliot
In August and September 2015, seven locally acquired cases of dengue virus type 1 (DENV-1) were detected in Nîmes, south of France, where Aedes albopictus has been established since 2011. Epidemiological and entomological investigations allowed to steer vector control measures to contain transmission. An imported case from French Polynesia with onset fever on 4 July was identified as primary case. This outbreak occurred from 8 August to 11 September in a 300 m radius area. Six sprayings to control mosquitos were performed in the affected area...
May 26, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27143687/clinical-approach-to-fever-of-unknown-origin-in-children
#15
Ya-Li Chien, Fang-Liang Huang, Chung-Ming Huang, Po-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Fever of unknown origin (FUO) can be caused by many clinical conditions and remains a diagnostic challenge in clinical practice. The etiology of FUO varies markedly among different age groups, geographic areas, and seasons. A four-stage investigative protocol for FUO is widely applied in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of this four-stage protocol for identifying the etiology of FUO in children. METHODS: We enrolled children younger than 18 years of age who were admitted to the Taichung Veterans General Hospital during the period from January 2006 to December 2014 with FUO persisting for more than 3 weeks...
October 9, 2015: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27085032/coronary-artery-embolism-from-infectious-endocarditis-treated-with-catheter-thrombectomy-using-a-guideliner-catheter
#16
Brett A Oestreich, Per Sommer, Ehrin J Armstrong
A 27-year-old male with history of IV drug use and recurrent endocarditis necessitating bioprosthetic mitral and tricuspid valve replacements presented with 2 weeks of fevers and chest pain. ECG revealed inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction and he was taken urgently to the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Coronary angiography revealed thrombotic occlusion of the distal right coronary artery (RCA) with no angiographic evidence of atherosclerotic disease. Aspiration thrombectomy was performed followed by rheolytic thrombectomy...
April 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27080822/-shifting-cellulitis-in-a-patient-with-x-linked-hypogammaglobulinemia
#17
F Poizeau, C Droitcourt, C Saillard, M Poirot, T Le Gallou, A Perlat, A Dupuy
BACKGROUND: In cases of immunodeficiency, a systemic infection may be revealed by atypical symptoms, particularly those involving the skin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present case describes a 19-year-old male with X-linked hypogammaglobulinemia, or Bruton agammaglobulinemia, treated with intravenous immunoglobulin G antibodies. Over a 6-week period, the patient developed recurrent plaques in both legs, first on one and then on the other, without fever. Blood cultures were repeated and the fifth pair proved positive for Campylobacter jejuni...
June 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042376/improving-access-to-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-in-niger-state-nigeria-an-assessment-of-implementation-up-to-2013
#18
REVIEW
Olatunji Joshua Awoleye, Chris Thron
Nigeria's 2009-2013 malaria strategic plan adopted WHO diagnosis and treatment guidelines, which include the use of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) prior to prescribing treatment with artemisinin combination therapies (ACTs). The current study explores accessibility barriers to the use of RDTs in Niger State and makes recommendations for improving the uptake of RDTs. The study employs literature review, review of data from the Niger State Health Management Information System for January-October 2013, and application of Peters' conceptual framework for assessing access to health services...
2016: Malaria Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968730/what-should-be-the-antibiotic-prescription-protocol-for-burn-patients-admitted-in-the-department-of-burns-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#19
Mohd Altaf Mir, Mohammad Fahud Khurram, Arshad Hafiz Khan
This is a prospective study with the aim to determine specific patterns of burn wound bacterial colonisation and antimicrobial resistance profiles. There is a high incidence of infections and septicaemia in post-burn patients, which, in turn, are associated with high morbidity and mortality, a fact that compelled us to undertake this study. The study was conducted over a period 11 months, from 1 August 2014 to 30 June 2015, in 50 burn patients admitted in our burn unit. Wound cultures were taken after 72 hours of admission from all the patients, and then, empirical systemic antibiotics were administered...
March 10, 2016: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960050/-technical-guidelines-for-the-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-zika-virus-infection
#20
Antonio Barrera-Cruz, Rita Delia Díaz-Ramos, Ana Belem López-Morales, Concepción Grajales-Muñiz, Arturo Viniegra-Osorio, Jaime Antonio Zaldívar-Cervera, José Jesús Arriaga-Dávila
Infection Zika virus is an emerging disease in the Americas region, which is caused by Zika virus (ZIKV), an arbovirus of the flavivirus genus. The ZIKV is transmitted by the bite of Aedes mosquitoes, both in urban and jungle area. After the mosquito bite, the disease symptoms usually appear after an incubation period of three to twelve days. The infection may be asymptomatic or presented with fever and not purulent conjunctivitis, headache, myalgia, arthralgia, asthenia, maculopapular rash, edema in lower limbs and, less frequently, retro-orbital pain, anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea or pain abdominal...
March 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
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