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Chronic disease and mobile health

Z Huang, P S Ning, P X Cheng, G Q Hu
With the rapid development of mobile communication technology and the growing popularity of smartphones worldwide, mobile health has become an extension of e-Health and Tele-Health, and is of value in the research and practice of public health. In this paper, we systematically assessed research literature of mobile health' s application on disease prevention and control as well as health promotion. Based on the characteristics of current literature, this paper focused on the application of mobile health in maternal health promotion, chronic disease management, and communicable disease prevention and control to provide reference for the mobile health intervention research in China...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Hee-Jae Kim, Ilhyoek Park, Hyo Joo Lee, On Lee
PURPOSE: Gait speed is an important objective values associated with several health-related outcomes including functional mobility in aging people. However, walking test methodologies and descriptions are not standardized considering specific aims of research. This study examine the reliability and validity of gait speed measured at various distances and paces in elderly Koreans. METHODS: Fifty-four female participants ≥70 years of age were recruited from a local retirement community...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Nasrin Navabi, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Zahra Jannat-Alipoor
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The limitations caused by the process of aging and the prevalence of chronic diseases contribute to reduced performance in physical, psychological, and social areas of life in older people. The use of mobile phones as easily accessible portable tools with a high performance is associated with an increased health literacy, self-care, and independence in older people. The present study was conducted to determine older people's attitudes toward the use of mobile phones and the barriers to their use...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Michael Bobian, Aron Kandinov, Nour El-Kashlan, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Ross Mayerhoff, Jean Anderson Eloy, S Naweed Raza
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Despite the increasing role of mobile applications (apps) in patient education, there has been little inquiry evaluating the quality of these resources. Because poor health literacy has been associated with inferior health outcomes, evaluating the quality of patient education materials takes on great importance. Our objective was to employ validated readability tools for the evaluation of gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) mobile apps. METHODS: GERD-specific apps found in the Apple App Store (Apple Inc...
October 18, 2016: Laryngoscope
Joseph M Czerniecki, Aaron P Turner, Rhonda M Williams, Mary Lou Thompson, Greg Landry, Kevin Hakimi, Rebecca Speckman, Daniel C Norvell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was the development of AMPREDICT-Mobility, a tool to predict the probability of independence in either basic or advanced (iBASIC or iADVANCED) mobility 1 year after dysvascular major lower extremity amputation. METHODS: Two prospective cohort studies during consecutive 4-year periods (2005-2009 and 2010-2014) were conducted at seven medical centers. Multiple demographic and biopsychosocial predictors were collected in the periamputation period among individuals undergoing their first major amputation because of complications of peripheral arterial disease or diabetes...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Jonas Geuens, Thijs Willem Swinnen, Rene Westhovens, Kurt de Vlam, Luc Geurts, Vero Vanden Abeele
BACKGROUND: Chronic arthritis (CA), an umbrella term for inflammatory rheumatic and other musculoskeletal diseases, is highly prevalent. Effective disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs for CA are available, with the exception of osteoarthritis, but require a long-term commitment of patients to comply with the medication regimen and management program as well as a tight follow-up by the treating physician and health professionals. Additionally, patients are advised to participate in physical exercise programs...
October 13, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
N H Chavannes
In a systematic review in the Dutch Journal of Medicine (NTvG), Dallinga et al. look for an answer to the societally relevant question of whether mobile apps are proven to lead to a more active and healthy lifestyle. Decision makers in healthcare have high expectations of eHealth, a field where scientific evidence sometimes seems overruled merely by the opinions of self-declared 'futurists'. Commonly, eHealth is propelled forward as the solution to the lack of manpower in healthcare, given the expected rise of chronic disease...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Carolyn Steele Gray, Stewart Mercer, Ted Palen, Brian McKinstry, Anne Hendry
Information technology (IT) in healthcare, also referred to as eHealth technologies, may offer a promising solution to the provision of better care and support for people who have multiple conditions and complex care needs, and their caregivers. eHealth technologies can include electronic medical records, telemonitoring systems and web-based portals, and mobile health (mHealth) technologies that enable information sharing between providers, patients, clients and their families. IT often acts as an enabler of improved care delivery, rather than being an intervention per se...
2016: Healthcare Quarterly
Anna-Karin Welmer, Debora Rizzuto, Marti G Parker, Weili Xu
BACKGROUND: Tooth loss has been linked to poor health such as chronic diseases and mobility limitations. Prospective evidence on the association between tooth loss and walking speed decline is however lacking. AIMS: To examine the impact of tooth loss on walking speed over time and explore whether inflammation may account for this association. METHODS: This study included 2695 persons aged 60 years and older, who were free from severe mobility limitation at baseline...
September 28, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Magnus Jörntén-Karlsson, Stéphane Pintat, Michael Molloy-Bland, Staffan Berg, Matti Ahlqvist
Poor adherence to statins increases cardiovascular disease risk. We systematically identified 32 controlled studies that assessed patient-centered interventions designed to improve statin adherence. The limited number of studies and variation in study characteristics precluded strict quality criteria or meta-analysis. Cognitive education or behavioural counselling delivered face-to-face multiple times consistently improved statin adherence compared with control groups (7/8 and 3/3 studies, respectively). None of four studies using medication reminders and/or adherence feedback alone reported significantly improved statin adherence...
October 2016: Drugs
Timo Hinrichs, Bettina Bücker, Renate Klaaßen-Mielke, Michael Brach, Stefan Wilm, Petra Platen, Anna Mai
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects a home-based exercise program delivered to ill and mobility-limited elderly individuals on physical function, physical activity, quality of life, fall-related self-efficacy, and exercise self-efficacy. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial (ISRCTN Registry, Reg.-No. ISRCTN17727272). SETTING: Fifteen general practitioner (GP) practices and participants' homes. PARTICIPANTS: Chronically ill and mobility-limited individuals aged 70 and older (N = 209)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Marlène Tremblay, Tom Bennett, Dörte Döpfer
Digital dermatitis (DD) is the most important infectious claw disease in the cattle industry causing outbreaks of lameness. The clinical course of disease can be classified using 5 clinical stages. M-stages represent not only different disease severities but also unique clinical characteristics and outcomes. Monitoring the proportions of cows per M-stage is needed to better understand and address DD and factors influencing risks of DD in a herd. Changes in the proportion of cows per M-stage over time or between groups may be attributed to differences in management, environment, or treatment and can have impact on the future claw health of the herd...
September 15, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Armando Luis Negri, Juan Carlos Ayus
Hip fractures represent a serious health risk in the elderly, causing substantial morbidity and mortality. There is now a considerable volume of literature suggesting that chronic hyponatremia increases the adjusted odds ratio (OR) for both falls and fractures in the elderly. Hyponatremia appears to contribute to falls and fractures by two mechanisms. First, it produces mild cognitive impairment, resulting in unsteady gait and falls; this is probably due to the loss of glutamate (a neurotransmitter involved in gait function) as an osmolyte during brain adaptation to chronic hyponatremia...
September 24, 2016: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
M J Schuuring, A P Backx, R Zwart, A H Veelenturf, D Robbers-Visser, M Groenink, A Abu-Hanna, N Bruining, M P Schijven, B J Mulder, B J Bouma
OBJECTIVE: Many adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) are affected lifelong by cardiac events, particularly arrhythmias and heart failure. Despite the care provided, the cardiac event rate remains high. Mobile health (mHealth) brings opportunities to enhance daily monitoring and hence timely response in an attempt to improve outcome. However, it is not known if adults with CHD are currently using mHealth and what type of mHealth they may need in the near future. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients with CHD who visited the outpatient clinic at the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam were asked to fill out questionnaires...
November 2016: Netherlands Heart Journal
Paola Galbany-Estragués, Sioban Nelson
BACKGROUND: After the financial crisis of 2008, increasing numbers of nurses from Spain are going abroad to work. OBJECTIVES: To examine the health and workforce policy trends in Spain between 2009 and 2014 and to analyze their correlation with the migration of nurses. DESIGN: Single embedded case study. DATA SOURCES: We examined data published by: Health Statistics, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (1996 to 2013); Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports (2006 to 2013); Ministry of Employment and Social Security (2009 to 2014); Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality (1997 to 2014); and National Institute of Statistics (1976 to 2014)...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Bruce H Dobkin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Rehabilitation trials and postacute care to lessen impairments and disability after stroke, spinal cord injury, and traumatic brain injury almost never include training to promote long-term self-management of skills practice, strengthening and fitness. Without behavioral training to develop self-efficacy, clinical trials, and home-based therapy may fail to show robust results. RECENT FINDINGS: Behavioral theories about self-management and self-efficacy for physical activity have been successfully incorporated into interventions for chronic diseases, but rarely for neurologic rehabilitation...
September 6, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
Vibeke Strand, Mark Kosinski, Chieh-I Chen, George Joseph, Regina Rendas-Baum, Neil M H Graham, Hubert van Hoogstraten, Martha Bayliss, Chunpeng Fan, Tom Huizinga, Mark C Genovese
BACKGROUND: Sarilumab is a human monoclonal antibody directed against the alpha subunit of the interleukin-6 receptor complex. In the MOBILITY phase III randomized controlled trial (RCT), sarilumab + methotrexate (MTX) treatment resulted in clinical improvements at 24 weeks that were maintained at 52 weeks in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who have inadequate response to MTX (MTX-IR). These analyses indicate the effects of sarilumab + MTX versus placebo on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in this RCT...
2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Sigrid N W Vorrink, Helianthe S M Kort, Thierry Troosters, Pieter Zanen, Jan-Willem J Lammers
Physical inactivity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with poor health status and increased disease burden. The present study aims to test the efficacy of a previously developed mobile (m)Health intervention to improve or maintain physical activity in patients with COPD after pulmonary rehabilitation.A randomised controlled trial was performed in 32 physiotherapy practices in the Netherlands. COPD patients were randomised into intervention or usual care groups. The intervention consisted of a smartphone application for the patients and a monitoring website for the physiotherapists...
October 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Reem Kayyali, Vilius Savickas, Martijn A Spruit, Evangelos Kaimakamis, Roshan Siva, Richard W Costello, John Chang, Barbara Pierscionek, Nikki Davies, Anouk W Vaes, Rita Paradiso, Nada Philip, Eleni Perantoni, Shona D'Arcy, Andreas Raptopoulos, Shereen Nabhani-Gebara
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the stakeholders' views and devise recommendations for further stages of the Wearable Sensing and Smart Cloud Computing for Integrated Care to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Patients with Co-morbidities (WELCOME) system development. This system aims to create a wearable vest to monitor physiological signals for patients concerned incorporating an inhaler adherence monitoring, weight, temperature, blood pressure and glucose metres, and a mobile health application for communication with healthcare professionals (HCPs)...
2016: BMJ Open
Dionne E Smid, Martijn A Spruit, Sarah Houben-Wilke, Jean W M Muris, Gernot G U Rohde, Emiel F M Wouters, Frits M E Franssen
INTRODUCTION: Care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be provided in primary, secondary or tertiary care. Whether and to what extent patients with COPD treated in various healthcare settings differ in disease burden and healthcare utilization remains unknown. Therefore, daily symptoms, functional mobility, mood status, health status and healthcare utilization were compared between COPD patients in various care settings, to explore possibilities for healthcare-optimization...
September 2016: Respiratory Medicine
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