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Physiotherapy and bariatric surgery

Josélia Jucirema Jarschel de Oliveira, Alexandre Coutinho Teixeira de Freitas, Andréa Adriana de Almeida
Background: Respiratory physiotherapy plays an important role preventing complications in bariatric surgery. Aim: To assess the effects of out-patient physiotherapy during post-operative period through respiratory pressures and functional capacity in individuals submitted to bariatric surgery. Method: A prospective longitudinal and controlled study was done in adults with body mass index (BMI) equal or greater than 40 kg/m², who have been submitted to bariatric surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Ana Paula Limongi Richardelli Veloso, Karla Garcez Cusmanich
Background: Obesity can affect the thorax, diaphragm, and alterations in respiratory function even if the lungs are within normality. The respiratory compliance is very reduced by the increase in fat mass. Aim: To evaluate the effect of the physical therapeutic respiratory exercises on the thoracoabdominal mobility of obese individuals in pre-bariatric surgery. Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive study, which used the cirtometry (axillary, xiphoid and abdominal) to evaluate the mobility of 74 individuals, 27 men and 47 women, in pre-bariatric surgery, assisted by the team EMAD, after eight weeks of physiotherapy, following a protocol of exercises, reevaluating and compared the measures pre and post intervention...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Sjaak Pouwels, Marjon Wit, Joep A W Teijink, Simon W Nienhuijs
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has a considerable effect on weight loss. A positive relation of exercise and weight loss has been described before. However, the mode of exercise and its timing pre- or postoperatively or a combination remains unclear. METHODS: A multi-database search was conducted. Identified articles were reviewed on description of exercise, timing around a bariatric intervention, and outcome. Methodological quality of the included studies was rated using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale...
2015: Obesity Facts
Letícia Baltieri, Laisa Antonela Santos, Irineu Rasera, Maria Imaculada Lima Montebelo, Eli Maria Pazzianotto-Forti
BACKGROUND: In surgical procedures, obesity is a risk factor for the onset of intra and postoperative respiratory complications. AIM: Determine what moment of application of positive pressure brings better benefits on lung function, incidence of atelectasis and diaphragmatic excursion, in the preoperative, intraoperative or immediate postoperative period. METHOD: Randomized, controlled, blinded study, conducted in a hospital and included subjects with BMI between 40 and 55 kg/m2, 25 and 55 years, underwent bariatric surgery by laparotomy...
2014: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
S Wong, T Barnes, M Coggrave, A Forbes, E Pounds-Cornish, S Appleton, M Belci
A 28-year-old man with a T12 incomplete paraplegia after a spinal cord injury (SCI) was referred for weight management in October 2011. He reported a weight gain from about 120 to 180.3 kg since his SCI. He put on a further 11.4 kg in January 2012 despite intensive dietetic treatment, including very low-caloric diet, anti obesity medication and active physiotherapy programme. He had undergone an uncomplicated laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass successfully in March 2012. For the first 7 months after surgery, his total weight loss was 32...
September 2013: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Andreas Güldner, Paolo Pelosi, Marcelo Gama de Abreu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we aimed at providing the most recent and relevant clinical evidence regarding the use of nonventilatory strategies to prevent postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) after noncardiac surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Although nonavoidable, most comorbidities can be modified in order to reduce the incidence of pulmonary events postoperatively. The physical status of patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, and congestive heart failure can be improved preoperatively, and a number of measures can be undertaken to prevent PPCs, including physiotherapy for pulmonary rehabilitation and drug therapies...
April 2013: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Luís Henrique Sarmento Tenório, Anna Myrna Jaguaribe de Lima, Maria do Socorro Brasileiro-Santos
INTRODUCTION: Obesity, considered a new worldwide epidemic, is characterised by excess adipose tissue and contributes to a series of chronic diseases and increased mortality. Obesity associated to surgical procedure in these patients makes respiratory physiotherapy a must to recover lung function and prevent postoperative pulmonary complications. AIMS: To assess the effects of respiratory physiotherapy on the lung function of obese patients undergoing weight loss surgery...
March 2010: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Eli Forti, Daniela Ike, Marcela Barbalho-Moulim, Irineu Rasera, Dirceu Costa
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery has become increasingly more recommended for the treatment of morbidly obese individuals for whom it is possible to identify co-morbidities other than alterations in pulmonary function. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of conventional chest physiotherapy (CCP) and of conventional physiotherapy associated with transcutaneous electrical diaphragmatic stimulation (CCP+TEDS) on pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in patients who have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass...
2009: Clinics
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