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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079412/towards-resilience-and-wellbeing-in-nurses
#1
Emma Jane Brennan
Nursing is a physically and emotionally demanding profession. High role expectations and difficult working conditions place some nurses at risk of burnout and stress-related illness. In spite of the challenges in the current healthcare system, nurses continue to deliver high-quality patient care, retain resilience and progress professionally in the face of adversity. This article provides an overview, with discussion of the evidence in the literature, of some of the suggested methods to improve resilience and enhance staff wellbeing in the nursing profession at an individual and organisational level...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078429/aims-and-tasks-in-parental-caregiving-for-children-receiving-palliative-care-at-home-a-qualitative-study
#2
Lisa M Verberne, Marijke C Kars, Antoinette Y N Schouten-van Meeteren, Diederik K Bosman, Derk A Colenbrander, Martha A Grootenhuis, Johannes J M van Delden
: In paediatric palliative care (PPC), parents are confronted with increasing caregiving demands. More children are cared for at home, and the need for PPC of children is lengthened due to technical and medical improvements. Therefore, a clear understanding of the content of parental caregiving in PPC becomes increasingly important. The objective is to gain insight into parental caregiving based on the lived experience of parents with a child with a life-limiting disease. An interpretative qualitative study using thematic analysis was performed...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073287/psychological-growth-and-well-being-in-individuals-born-with-cleft-an-application-of-self-determination-theory
#3
Aidan Searle, Patricia Neville, Andrea Waylen
OBJECTIVE: Many studies of individuals born with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) address the psychological impact of CLP in terms of stigma and/or 'resilience'. The present study challenges the usefulness of resilience in CLP research with the application of self-determination theory (SDT). It is proposed that SDT can serve to better understand how individuals born with CLP can achieve psychological growth and well-being. DESIGN: Interviews were conducted with 15 individuals born with CLP in the UK...
January 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070775/reduction-of-burnout-in-mental-health-care-providers-using-the-provider-resilience-mobile-application
#4
Amanda Ernst Wood, Annabel Prins, Nigel E Bush, Jennifer F Hsia, Laura E Bourn, Michael D Earley, Robyn D Walser, Josef Ruzek
This pilot study examined the usability, acceptability, and effectiveness of a free Provider Resilience (PR) mobile application (app) designed by the National Center for Telehealth and Technology to reduce provider burnout. Outpatient mental health providers (N = 30) used the PR app for 1 month. Participants rated the PR app on the System Usability Scale with an overall score of 79.7, which is in the top quartile for usability. Results of paired sample t tests on the Professional Quality of Life Scale indicated significant decreases on the Burnout (t = 3...
January 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066504/challenges-for-nurses-who-work-in-community-mental-health-centres-in-the-west-bank-palestine
#5
Mohammad Marie, Ben Hannigan, Aled Jones
BACKGROUND: Nurses in Palestine (occupied Palestinian territory) work in a significantly challenging environment. The mental health care system is underdeveloped and under-resourced. For example, the total number of nurses who work in community mental health centres in the West Bank is seventeen, clearly insufficient in a total population of approximately three million. This research explored daily challenges that Palestinian community mental health nurses (CMHNs) face within and outside their demanding workplaces...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054432/effect-of-family-sense-of-coherence-on-internalized-stigma-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#6
Chiu-Yueh Hsiao, Huei-Lan Lu, Yun-Fang Tsai
Health-related quality of life is an increasingly critical outcome of mental healthcare, yet its disease-independent attributes, particularly family-focused resilient indicators, for individuals with schizophrenia have not been explicitly examined. The aim of this study was to explore the degree of health-related quality of life and to examine the mediating effect of family sense of coherence on internalized stigma and health-related quality of life in individuals with schizophrenia. A cross-sectional and correlational study design was used...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029374/selection-bias-examining-the-feasibility-utility-and-participant-receptivity-to-incorporating-simulation-into-the-general-surgery-residency-selection-process
#7
Aimee K Gardner, Christopher P Steffes, Dmitry Nepomnayshy, Cate Nicholas, Warren D Widmann, Shimae C Fitzgibbons, Brian J Dunkin, Daniel B Jones, John T Paige
BACKGROUND: Opportunities exist to revise the current residency selection process to capture desirable candidate competencies. We examined the extent to which components of the American College of Surgeons/Association for Surgical Education simulation-based medical student curriculum combined with a teamwork activity could be used as potential screening method. METHODS: Students participated in a workshop consisting of training/evaluation of knot tying, suturing, airway management, gowning/gloving, and teamwork...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002491/perceived-case-management-needs-and-service-preferences-of-frequent-emergency-department-users-lessons-learned-in-a-large-urban-centre
#8
Deborah Kahan, Daniel Poremski, Deborah Wise-Harris, Daniel Pauly, Molyn Leszcz, Donald Wasylenki, Vicky Stergiopoulos
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the service needs and preferences of frequent emergency department users with mental health and addictions concerns who participated in a brief intensive case management intervention. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured individual interviews with 20 frequent emergency department users with mental health and addictions challenges, 13 service providers involved in the delivery of a brief case management intervention, and a focus group with intervention case managers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965223/feasibility-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-surgical-intensive-care-unit-personnel
#9
Beth A Steinberg, Maryanna Klatt, Anne-Marie Duchemin
BACKGROUND: Surgical intensive care unit personnel are exposed to catastrophic situations as they care for seriously injured or ill patients. Few interventions have been developed to reduce the negative effects of work stress in this environment. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the feasibility of a workplace intervention for increasing resilience to stress. The intervention was implemented within the unique constraints characteristic of surgical intensive care units...
December 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957671/medical-student-resilience-strategies-a%C3%A2-content-analysis-of-medical-students-portfolios
#10
Richard A Prayson, S Beth Bierer, Elaine F Dannefer
INTRODUCTION: Stress and burnout among medical students is a well-recognized concern. A student's ability to employ resilience strategies to self-regulate behaviour is critical to the student's future career as a physician. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a sampling of year 1, 2 and 5 portfolio essays focused on the Personal Development competency and performance milestones, written by 49 students from three different classes in a 5-year programme devoted to training physician investigators...
December 12, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951732/educational-innovations-to-foster-resilience-in-the-health-professions
#11
Mary Jo Kreitzer, Maryanna Klatt
Stress and burnout of healthcare providers has become a major healthcare issue that has implications for not only workforce projections, but the cost and quality of care and the lives of healthcare providers and their families. Burnout, characterized by loss of enthusiasm for work, feelings of cynicism and a low sense of personal accomplishment is associated with early retirement, alcohol use, and suicidal ideation. Healthcare professional "wellbeing" or "care of the caregiver" is a topic that has not been significantly addressed in the education of healthcare professionals...
December 12, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940771/the-aap-resilience-in-the-face-of-grief-and-loss-curriculum
#12
Janet R Serwint, Susan Bostwick, Ann E Burke, Annamaria Church, Albina Gogo, Dena Hofkosh, Marta King, Jennifer Linebarger, Megan E McCabe, Margaret Moon, Amanda Osta, Deborah T Rana, O J Sahler, Keely Smith, Florence Rivera, Constance Baldwin
A career in pediatrics can bring great joy and satisfaction. It can also be challenging and lead some providers to manifest burnout and depression. A curriculum designed to help pediatric health providers acquire resilience and adaptive skills may be a key element in transforming times of anxiety and grief into rewarding professional experiences. The need for this curriculum was identified by the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Medical Students, Residents and Fellowship Trainees. A working group of educators developed this curriculum to address the professional attitudes, knowledge, and skills essential to thrive despite the many stressors inevitable in clinical care...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934903/unlocking-bat-immunology-establishment-of-pteropus-alecto-bone-marrow-derived-dendritic-cells-and-macrophages
#13
Peng Zhou, Yok Teng Chionh, Sergio Erdal Irac, Matae Ahn, Justin Han Jia Ng, Even Fossum, Bjarne Bogen, Florent Ginhoux, Aaron T Irving, Charles-Antoine Dutertre, Lin-Fa Wang
Bats carry and shed many emerging infectious disease agents including Ebola virus and SARS-like Coronaviruses, yet they rarely display clinical symptoms of infection. Bat epithelial or fibroblast cell lines were previously established to study the bat immune response against viral infection. However, the lack of professional immune cells such as dendritic cells (DC) and macrophages has greatly limited the significance of current investigations. Using Pteropus alecto (P. alecto) GM-CSF plus IL4, FLT3L and CSF-1, we successfully generated bat bone marrow-derived DC and macrophages...
December 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929306/posttraumatic-growth-in-pediatric-intensive-care-personnel-dependence-on-resilience-and-coping-strategies
#14
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Alba Palacios, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Elena Pérez, Elena Álvarez, Ana Coca, Santiago Mencía, Ana Maria Marcos, Juan Mayordomo-Colunga, Francisco Fernández, Fernando Gómez, Jaime Cruz, Luisa Barón, Rosa María Calderón, Sylvia Belda
OBJECTIVE: Staff in pediatric intensive care units (PICU) are inherently exposed to potentially traumatic events. Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is the occurrence of positive changes after experiencing a traumatic event. This study aims (a) to evaluate the prevalence of PTG in PICU staff, and whether their scores are different from those reported by professionals working in other pediatric units, (b) to explore the role of resilience and coping strategies in predicting PTG, and (c) to explore the relation of demographic and work-related variables with PTG...
December 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923337/-child-soldiers-as-refugees-in-germany
#15
Dima Zito
Child Soldiers as Refugees in Germany How do former child soldiers cope with their potentially traumatic experiences, and how do the living conditions as refugees influence these coping processes? A dissertation at the faculty of human and social sciences at the University of Wuppertal, based on biographical-narrative interviews with 15 young refugees from six African countries, describes the characteristics of the traumatic sequences in the countries of origin and in exile, and elaborates typical coping processes...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921222/cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-brain-metastases-influences-on-caregiver-resilience-and-coping
#16
Marlon Garzo Saria, Natasia Courchesne, Lorraine Evangelista, Joshua Carter, Daniel A MacManus, Mary Kay Gorman, Adeline M Nyamathi, Linda R Phillips, David Piccioni, Santosh Kesari, Sally Maliski
PURPOSE: Neurologic deficits that may be manifested as cognitive impairment contribute to the challenges faced by caregivers of patients with brain metastases. To better address their needs, we examined how caregivers respond to these challenges and explore the relationship between the patient's cognitive impairment and caregiver resilience and coping. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study using self-reported data from 56 caregivers of patients with brain metastases...
December 5, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915124/a-literature-review-examining-the-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-family-witnessed-resuscitation-in-the-emergency-department
#17
REVIEW
Catherine Johnson
BACKGROUND: Caring for people near death in the Emergency Department (ED) is challenging for professionals, duty bound to respond to the needs of the dying. Family witnessed resuscitation (FWR) is practiced internationally, allowing relatives to be present at the time of a patient's death, offering comfort to the dying and aiding the bereaved along a healthy grief trajectory. AIM: The literature review elicits barriers to the implementation of FWR in the ED, examining why practice is sporadic despite numerous professional bodies calling for implementation...
November 30, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908849/physician-heal-thyself-luke-4-23
#18
EDITORIAL
Jamie Hacker Hughes, Amra Saleem Rao, Neelam Dosanjh, Esther Cohen-Tovée, Jeremy Clarke, Gita Bhutani
The performance culture of the health service means that the psychological well-being of staff is becoming paramount in maintaining the workforce and in sustaining psychological health and morale. A Charter for Psychological Staff Wellbeing and Resilience is introduced that puts the onus on us and on employers to make the necessary adjustments to their workplace cultures and encourage professionals - us - to break through the barrier of stigma.
December 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894320/successful-malaria-elimination-in-the-ecuador-peru-border-region-epidemiology-and-lessons-learned
#19
Lyndsay K Krisher, Jesse Krisher, Mariano Ambuludi, Ana Arichabala, Efrain Beltrán-Ayala, Patricia Navarrete, Tania Ordoñez, Mark E Polhemus, Fernando Quintana, Rosemary Rochford, Mercy Silva, Juan Bazo, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
BACKGROUND: In recent years, malaria (Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum) has been successfully controlled in the Ecuador-Peru coastal border region. The aim of this study was to document this control effort and to identify the best practices and lessons learned that are applicable to malaria control and to other vector-borne diseases. A proximal outcome evaluation was conducted of the robust elimination programme in El Oro Province, Ecuador, and the Tumbes Region, Peru. Data collection efforts included a series of workshops with local public health experts who played central roles in the elimination effort, review of epidemiological records from Ministries of Health, and a review of national policy documents...
November 28, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875605/sustaining-family-physicians-in-urban-underserved-settings
#20
Anne Getzin, Bonnie L Bobot, Deborah Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify factors that sustain family physicians practicing in Milwaukee's underserved urban areas. METHODS: Family physicians with clinical careers in Milwaukee's urban, underserved communities were identified and invited to participate in a 45-60 minute interview using a literature-based semi-structured protocol. Each interview was transcribed and de-identified prior to independent analysis using a grounded theory qualitative approach by two authors to yield sustaining themes...
November 2016: Family Medicine
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