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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345748/risk-perception-and-perceived-self-efficacy-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-seniors-and-young-adults-in-emergencies
#1
Alina Engelman, Susan L Ivey, Winston Tseng, Linda Neuhauser
OBJECTIVES: The authors explored the factors influencing risk perception and perceived self-efficacy before and during an emergency for deaf and hard-of-hearing (Deaf/HH) seniors and young adults. METHODS: The authors collected demographic survey data and conducted four focus groups with 38 Deaf/HH residents of the San Francisco Bay Area; two groups were with young adults (ages 18-35), including one group of college students and one group of young professionals, and two were with older adults (ages 50-90)...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323588/virtual-reality-applications-for-stress-management-training-in-the-military
#2
Federica Pallavicini, Luca Argenton, Nicola Toniazzi, Luciana Aceti, Fabrizia Mantovani
INTRODUCTION: Stress Management Training programs are increasingly being adopted in the military field for resilience empowerment and primary stress prevention. In the last several years, advanced technologies (virtual reality in particular) have been integrated in order to develop more innovative and effective stress training programs for military personnel, including soldiers, pilots, and other aircrew professionals. This systematic review describes experimental studies that have been conducted in recent years to test the effectiveness of virtual reality-based Stress Management Training programs developed for military personnel...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294467/the-influence-of-resilience-on-mental-health-the-role-of-general-well-being
#3
Tingting Gao, Xinna Ding, Jingxin Chai, Zhao Zhang, Han Zhang, Yixi Kong, Songli Mei
BACKGROUND: Nurses are suffering from increasing stress, and nursing is recognized as one of the most stressful job. Their mental health problems are serious and worthy of attention. AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between resilience and mental health and general well-being among nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014, using a self-reported questionnaire. Participants were asked to complete the measure of resilience, mental health, and general well-being...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290064/-symposium-the-future-of-informal-care
#4
Marjolein Broese van Groenou, Alice de Boer, Kim Putters, Kène Henkens, Henk Nies, Pearl A Dykstra, Hanna van Solinge, Cretien van Campen, Sjoerd Kooiker
Due to the reform of long term care in 2015, there is growing concern about whether groups at risk receive the care they need. People in need of care have to rely more on help from their social network. The increased need for informal care requires resilience and organizational skills of families, but also of volunteers, professionals and employers. What does this mean for the provision of informal care in the next decennia? The symposium 'The future of informal care', organized on January 26 2017 by the National Institute for Social Research and the Institute for Societal Resilience of the Vrije Universiteit, addressed possible answers to this question...
March 13, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276847/individual-interpersonal-and-organisational-factors-of-healthcare-conflict-a-scoping-review
#5
Sara Kim, Naike Bochatay, Annemarie Relyea-Chew, Elizabeth Buttrick, Chris Amdahl, Laura Kim, Elise Frans, Matthew Mossanen, Azhar Khandekar, Ryan Fehr, Young-Mee Lee
Unresolved conflicts among healthcare professionals can lead to difficult patient care consequences. This scoping review examines the current healthcare literature that reported sources and consequences of conflict associated with individual, interpersonal, and organisational factors. We identified 99 articles published between 2001 and 2015 from PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Excerpta Medical Database. Most reviewed studies relied on healthcare professionals' perceptions and beliefs associated with conflict sources and consequences, with few studies reporting behavioural or organisational change outcomes...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265506/immediate-effects-of-eva-midsole-resilience-and-upper-shoe-structure-on-running-biomechanics-a-machine-learning-approach
#6
Andrea N Onodera, Wilson P Gavião Neto, Maria Isabel Roveri, Wagner R Oliveira, Isabel Cn Sacco
BACKGROUND: Resilience of midsole material and the upper structure of the shoe are conceptual characteristics that can interfere in running biomechanics patterns. Artificial intelligence techniques can capture features from the entire waveform, adding new perspective for biomechanical analysis. This study tested the influence of shoe midsole resilience and upper structure on running kinematics and kinetics of non-professional runners by using feature selection, information gain, and artificial neural network analysis...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265251/looking-through-the-glass-ceiling-a-qualitative-study-of-stem-women-s-career-narratives
#7
Mary J Amon
Although efforts have been directed toward the advancement of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) positions, little research has directly examined women's perspectives and bottom-up strategies for advancing in male-stereotyped disciplines. The present study utilized Photovoice, a Participatory Action Research method, to identify themes that underlie women's experiences in traditionally male-dominated fields. Photovoice enables participants to convey unique aspects of their experiences via photographs and their in-depth knowledge of a community through personal narrative...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258504/the-health-professionals-perspectives-of-support-needs-of-adult-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors-and-their-families-a-delphi-study
#8
Lauren J Breen, Moira O'Connor, Samuel Calder, Vivian Tai, Jade Cartwright, Janet M Beilby
PURPOSE: The aim was to identify the views of Australian and New Zealand health professionals regarding the support needs of people with head and neck cancer (HNC) and their families and current gaps in service delivery. METHODS: A modified Delphi process assessed support needs of people with HNC following acute medical management. A systematic review of the literature was used to develop items relevant to seven key concepts underpinning the psychological experience of living with HNC...
March 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241949/promoting-resilience-in-new-perioperative-nurses
#9
Teresa M Stephens, Pamela Smith, Caitlin Cherry
New nursing graduates experience many challenges when transitioning from the academic environment to the practice setting. For many, the period of transition from student to employee is less than optimal, with many still experiencing reality shock, cognitive dissonance, and theory-practice gaps. The Stephens Model of Nursing Student Resilience addresses the unique issues faced by new graduate nurses to assist them in developing healthy coping strategies and to promote resilience. This model forms the basis of the RN Personal Resilience Enhancement Plan, a supplemental onboarding program created to assist new nurses in confidently facing challenges encountered during orientation and successfully moving forward as nursing professionals...
March 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239511/reducing-disaster-exacerbated-non-communicable-diseases-through-public-health-infrastructure-resilience-perspectives-of-australian-disaster-service-providers
#10
Benjamin J Ryan, Richard C Franklin, Frederick M Burkle, Peter Aitken, Erin Smith, Kerrianne Watt, Peter Leggat
BACKGROUND: The exposure of people and infrastructure to flood and storm related disasters across the world is increasing faster than vulnerability is decreasing. For people with non-communicable diseases this presents a significant risk as traditionally the focus of disaster management systems has been on immediate trauma and communicable diseases. This focus must now be expanded to include the management of non-communicable diseases because these conditions are generating the bulk of ill health, disability and premature death around the globe...
December 21, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237850/light-at-the-end-of-the-tunnel-new-graduate-nurses-accounts-of-resilience-a-qualitative-study-using-photovoice
#11
Siti Namira Binte Abdul Wahab, Siti Zubaidah Mordiffi, Emily Ang, Violeta Lopez
BACKGROUND: Resilience is the ability to overcome any stressful situation. The ability to bounce back is said to enable a person to emerge stronger, perform better, and become more confident and selfefficient. The new graduate nurses' journey is a stressful experience as they become immersed in the day-to-day work pressures. OBJECTIVE: The study explored the new graduate nurses' accounts of resilience and the facilitating and impeding factors in building their resilience...
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236309/best-practice-in-individual-supervision-of-psychologists-working-in-the-french-capedp-preventive-perinatal-home-visiting-program-results-of-a-delphi-consensus-process
#12
Tim Greacen, Bertrand Welniarz, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Jaqueline Wendland, Romain Dugravier, Thomas Saïas, Susana Tereno, Florence Tubach, Alain Haddad, Antoine Guedeney
Individual supervision of home-visiting professionals has proved to be a key element for perinatal home-visiting programs. Although studies have been published concerning quality criteria for supervision in North American contexts, little is known about this subject in other national settings. In the context of the CAPEDP program (Compétences parentales et Attachement dans la Petite Enfance: Diminution des risques liés aux troubles de santé mentale et Promotion de la résilience; Parental Skills and Attachment in Early Childhood: Reducing Mental Health Risks and Promoting Resilience), the first randomized controlled perinatal mental health promotion research program to take place in France, this article describes the results of a study using the Delphi consensus method to identify the program supervisors' points of view concerning best practice for the individual supervision of home visitors involved in such programs...
March 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225464/beyond-selection-the-use-of-situational-judgement-tests-in-the-teaching-and-assessment-of-professionalism
#13
Barbara D Goss, Anna T Ryan, Joshua Waring, Terry Judd, Neville G Chiavaroli, Richard Charles O'Brien, Stephen C Trumble, Geoffrey J McColl
PROBLEM: Professionalism is a critical attribute of medical graduates. Its measurement is challenging. The authors sought to assess final-year medical students' knowledge of appropriate professional behavior across a broad range of workplace situations. APPROACH: Situational judgement tests (SJTs) are used widely in applicant selection to assess judgement or decision making in work-related settings as well as attributes such as empathy, integrity, and resilience...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225463/doctors-without-borders
#14
Val Wass, Lesley Southgate
The unprecedented demands of patient and population priorities created by globalization and escalating health and social inequities will not be met unless medical education changes. Educators have failed to move fast enough to create an education framework that meets current population needs. A new common set of professional values around global social accountability is necessary. Education borders must be broken down at three levels-societal-institutional, interpersonal, and individual.At a societal-institutional level, global health must be embraced as part of a philosophy of population needs, human rights, equity, and justice...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207329/longitudinal-patterns-and-predictors-of-depression-trajectories-related-to-the-2014-occupy-central-umbrella-movement-in-hong-kong
#15
Michael Y Ni, Tom K Li, Herbert Pang, Brandford H Y Chan, Ichiro Kawachi, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Catherine Mary Schooling, Gabriel Matthew Leung
OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal patterns and predictors of depression trajectories before, during, and after Hong Kong's 2014 Occupy Central/Umbrella Movement. METHODS: In a prospective study, between March 2009 and November 2015, we interviewed 1170 adults randomly sampled from the population-representative FAMILY Cohort. We used the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 to assess depressive symptoms and probable major depression. We investigated pre-event and time-varying predictors of depressive symptoms...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206845/changes-in-affective-and-cognitive-empathy-among-veterinary-practitioners
#16
Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher, Jane R Shaw, Beatrice Meyer-Parsons, Lori R Kogan
Clinical empathy is a multi-dimensional concept characterized by four dimensions: (1) affective-the ability to experience patients' or clients' emotions and perspectives, (2) moral-the internal motivation to empathize, (3) cognitive-the intellectual ability to identify and comprehend others' perspective and emotions, and (4) behavioral-the ability to convey understanding of those emotions and perspectives back to the patient or client. The Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) was used to examine the affective and cognitive facets of empathy in veterinary practitioners...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206842/finding-the-balance-uncovering-resilience-in-the-veterinary-literature
#17
Martin A Cake, Michelle M McArthur, Susan M Matthew, Caroline F Mansfield
Resilience is an issue of emerging importance in veterinary education and research, as in other professional contexts. The aim of this study was to perform an appraisal of how resilience is portrayed in the contemporary (1995-present) research and education literature around veterinary mental health, and to attempt a provisional synthesis informing a conception of resilience in the veterinary context. Qualitative analysis of the literature (59 sources included) revealed a dominant emphasis on mental health problems, particularly stress, which outweighs and potentially obscures complementary approaches to well-being and resilience...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206840/the-impact-of-a-brief-embedded-mindfulness-based-program-for-veterinary-students
#18
Helen M Correia, Anita D Smith, Susan Murray, Lynlea S Polak, Bronwyn Williams, Martin A Cake
Veterinary medical students, like other university students, are likely to experience elevated levels of stress, anxiety, and depression over the course of their studies. Mindfulness-based interventions have previously been effective for university students in reducing stress, depression, and anxiety. In this study, a mindfulness-based intervention was embedded in a core (compulsory) unit of a veterinary science course, in part with the aim of improving student well-being. Preliminary results suggest that, despite the mindfulness intervention, overall symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety among participants (n=64) increased between the start and end of the semester...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206835/resilience-in-veterinary-students-and-the-predictive-role-of-mindfulness-and-self-compassion
#19
Michelle McArthur, Caroline Mansfield, Susan Matthew, Sanaa Zaki, Conor Brand, Jena Andrews, Susan Hazel
Resilience is a dynamic and multifaceted process in which individuals draw on personal and contextual resources. In difficult situations, resilient people use specific strategies to learn from the situation without being overcome by it. As stressors are inherent to veterinary work, including long work hours, ethical dilemmas, and challenging interactions with clients, resilience is an important component of professional quality of life. However, while resilience in other health professionals has received attention, it has received little in the veterinary field...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206833/an-exploration-of-the-relationship-between-psychological-capital-and-depression-among-first-year-doctor-of-veterinary-medicine-students
#20
Dorothy J Bakker, Sean T Lyons, Peter D Conlon
This study examined the impact of psychological capital on depressive symptoms among Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) students (n=84) over their first two semesters of studies. Our results indicated elevated rates of depression in both the first and second semesters relative to published norms. Using the typology developed by Hafen, Reisbig, White, and Rush (2008), students were classified as either "adaptive" (i.e., improving depressive symptomatology from semester to semester) or "struggling" (i.e., worsening depressive symptomatology from semester to semester)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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