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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617266/sustainable-public-health-systems-for-rare-diseases
#1
Rita Maria Ferrelli, Amalia Egle Gentile, Marta De Santis, Domenica Taruscio
INTRODUCTION: In the framework of the Joint Action for Rare Diseases (RD-ACTION), a specific task was defined to identify mechanisms influencing sustainability, equity and resilience of health systems for rare diseases (RDs). METHOD: Literature narrative review on health systems sustainability and resilience for RDs. Years: 2000-2015. Databases: PubMed, Scopus, EBSCOHost, EMBAL, PASCAL, EMBASE, STN International and GoogleScholar. ANALYSIS: interpretive synthesis concept and thematic analysis (Dixon-Wood, et al...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611090/a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-three-good-things-intervention-in-healthcare-workers
#2
Karin Rippstein-Leuenberger, Oliver Mauthner, J Bryan Sexton, Rene Schwendimann
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU) personnel have an elevated prevalence of job-related burn-out and post-traumatic stress disorder, which can ultimately impact patient care. To strengthen healthcare workers' skills to deal with stressful events, it is important to focus not only on minimising suffering but also on increasing happiness, as this entails many more benefits than simply feeling good. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore the content of the 'good things' reported by healthcare workers participating in the 'Three Good Things' intervention...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605316/examining-differences-in-movement-competency-in-professional-baseball-players-born-in-the-united-states-and-dominican-republic
#3
Garrett S Bullock, Taylor Chapman, Thomas Joyce, Robert Prengle, Taylor Stern, Robert J Butler
CONTEXT: Dominican Republic (DR) players have different training norms, which can affect their resiliency and performance. The variance among DR players training regimens may be influenced by the degree of training incorporating fundamental movement patterns. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in fundamental movement patterns in United States (US) versus DR born professional baseball players. PARTICIPANTS: 142 players (76 DR and 66 US born) that were recently selected by an MLB team...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604218/mental-health-and-well-being-of-parents-caring-for-a-ventilator-dependent-child
#4
Julianne Lee, Fiona Lynn
An integrative literature review was undertaken to determine the social and emotional effects on the mental health and well-being of parents of children requiring long-term ventilation at home. Six studies were included. Recurrent themes reported in the literature included lack of formal and informal support, financial adversity, limited access to respite care and feelings of social isolation. These themes were associated with depressive symptoms and were consistently reported to have a negative effect on parental mental health and well-being...
June 12, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594670/stories-and-music-for-adolescent-young-adult-resilience-during-transplant-partnerships-strategies-to-support-academic-clinical-nurse-collaborations-in-behavioral-intervention-studies
#5
Verna L Hendricks-Ferguson, Yvonne J Barnes, Brooke Cherven, Kristin Stegenga, Lona Roll, Sharon L Docherty, Joan E Haase
Evidence-based nursing is in the forefront of healthcare delivery systems. Federal and state agencies, academic institutions, and healthcare delivery systems recognize the importance of nursing research. This article describes the mechanisms that facilitate nursing partnerships yielding high-level research outcomes in a clinical setting. A phase-II multicenter behavioral intervention study with pediatric stem cell transplant patients was the context of this academic/clinical research partnership. Strategies to develop and maintain this partnership involved a thorough understanding of each nurse's focus and barriers...
July 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590766/examining-burnout-depression-and-self-compassion-in-veterans-affairs-mental-health-staff
#6
David M Atkinson, John L Rodman, Paul D Thuras, Paulo R Shiroma, Kelvin O Lim
OBJECTIVES: Burnout, a state of emotional exhaustion associated with negative personal and occupational outcomes, is prevalent among healthcare providers. A better understanding of the psychological factors that may be associated with resilience to burnout is essential to develop effective interventions. Self-compassion, which includes kindness toward oneself, recognition of suffering as part of shared human experience, mindfulness, and nonjudgment toward inadequacies and failures, may be one such factor...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590081/resilience-as-a-mediator-between-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-mental-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Diana P Pozuelo-Carrascosa, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Mairena Sánchez-López, Raquel Bartolomé-Gutiérrez, Beatriz Rodríguez-Martín, Blanca Notario-Pacheco
In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the relationship between resilience, cardiorespiratory fitness, and mental health-related quality of life, and examined whether resilience acts as a mediator between the latter two. The study included 770 university students, aged 18-30 years, from Cuenca, Spain. Anthropometric, sociodemographic, cardiorespiratory fitness (20 m shuttle run test), biochemical parameters, resilience, and mental health-related quality of life measurements were analyzed. The results showed that mental health-related quality-of-life values were significantly higher in students who had good cardiorespiratory fitness and a high level of resilience...
June 7, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576114/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-current-and-retired-professional-ice-hockey-players
#8
Vincent Gouttebarge, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVES: Scientific knowledge about symptoms of common mental disorders in professional ice hockey is lacking. Consequently, the primary aims of the study were to (i) determine the prevalence, comorbidity and 6-month incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use, eating disorders) among current and retired professional ice hockey players and (ii) evaluate their potential relation with potential stressors (severe musculoskeletal injuries, surgeries, recent life events, career dissatisfaction)...
June 9, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569255/an-evaluation-of-the-status-of-living-collections-for-plant-environmental-and-microbial-research
#9
Kevin McCLUSKEY, Jill P Parsons, Kimberly Quach, Clifford S Duke
While living collections are critical for biological research, support for these foundational infrastructure elements is inconsistent, which makes quality control, regulatory compliance, and reproducibility difficult. In recent years, the Ecological Society of America has hosted several National Science Foundation-sponsored workshops to explore and enhance the sustainability of biological research infrastructure. At the same time, the United States Culture Collection Network has brought together managers of living collections to foster collaboration and information exchange within a specific living collections community...
June 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561701/for-our-patients-for-ourselves-the-value-of-personal-reflection-in-oncology
#10
Lidia Schapira, Jane Lowe Meisel, Ranjana Srivastava
Caring for patients with cancer is a great privilege as well as an emotionally and intellectually challenging task. Stress and burnout are prevalent among oncology clinicians, with serious repercussions for the care of patients. Professional societies must provide guidance for trainees and practicing physicians to mitigate the negative consequences of stress on their personal lives and medical practice. Reflection, reading, and writing about personal experiences provide outlets for fortifying personal reserves and promoting resilience to allow us to recognize the joy and meaning of our work and to forge connections with our peers...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561649/mastering-resilience-in-oncology-learn-to-thrive-in-the-face-of-burnout
#11
Fay J Hlubocky, Miko Rose, Ronald M Epstein
Oncology clinician burnout has become a noteworthy issue in medical oncology directly affecting the quality of patient care, patient satisfaction, and overall organizational success. Due to the increasing demands on clinical time, productivity, and the evolving medical landscape, the oncology clinician is at significant risk for burnout. Long hours in direct care with seriously ill patients/families, limited control over daily responsibilities, and endless electronic documentation, place considerable professional and personal demands on the oncologist...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558526/profiles-of-coping-strategies-in-resilient-adolescents
#12
Ji Hee Lee, Mi Seo, Minyoung Lee, Sung Yoon Park, Ji Hae Lee, Sang Min Lee
To understand how resilient adolescents adapt to adverse situations, this study examined resilient adolescents and their coping strategies. Resilience is the phenomenon characterized by good outcomes despite serious threats to adaptation and/or development. The current study aimed to identify the coping strategy profiles that distinguish a resilient group from three other groups-struggling, competent, and vulnerable-specifically to differentiate the resilient group from the competent group. Descriptive discriminant analysis results indicated that resilient adolescents simultaneously utilized not only problem-focused but also the emotion-focused coping strategies...
February 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557942/beyond-selection-the-use-of-situational-judgement-tests-in-the-teaching-and-assessment-of-professionalism
#13
Barbara D Goss, Anna T Ryan, Joshua Waring, Terry Judd, Neville G Chiavaroli, Richard Charles O'Brien, Stephen C Trumble, Geoffrey J McColl
PROBLEM: Professionalism is a critical attribute of medical graduates. Its measurement is challenging. The authors sought to assess final-year medical students' knowledge of appropriate professional behavior across a broad range of workplace situations. APPROACH: Situational judgement tests (SJTs) are used widely in applicant selection to assess judgement or decision making in work-related settings as well as attributes such as empathy, integrity, and resilience...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545878/burnout-and-health-among-critical-care-professionals-the-mediational-role-of-resilience
#14
Oscar Arrogante, Eva Aparicio-Zaldivar
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the mediational role of resilience in relationships between burnout and health in critical care professionals; to determine relationships among resilience level, three burnout dimensions, and physical/mental health; and to establish demographic differences in psychological variables evaluated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: A total of 52 critical care professionals, mainly nurses, were recruited from an intensive care unit of Madrid (Spain)...
May 22, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539145/workplace-social-support-and-behavioral-health-prior-to-long-duration-spaceflight
#15
Charlene A Deming, Jennifer J Vasterling
INTRODUCTION: Preparation and training for long-duration spaceflight bring with them psychosocial stressors potentially affecting the well-being and performance of astronauts, before and during spaceflight. Social support from within the workplace may mitigate behavioral health concerns arising during the preflight period and enhance resiliency before and during extended missions. The purpose of this review was to evaluate evidence addressing the viability of workplace social support as a pre-mission countermeasure, specifically addressing: 1) the observed relationships between workplace social support and behavioral health; 2) perceived need, acceptability, and format preference for workplace social support among high-achievers; 3) potential barriers to delivery/receipt of workplace social support; 4) workplace social support interventions; and 5) delivery timeframe and anticipated duration of workplace social support countermeasure benefits...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538293/comparison-of-strength-levels-between-players-from-within-the-same-club-who-were-selected-vs-not-selected-to-play-in-the-grand-final-of-the-national-rugby-league-competition
#16
Daniel G Baker
A number of studies have established that higher levels of strength and power, tested at the end of the preseason, distinguish between playing level in professional rugby league. How this may impact the ability of players to get selected for final payoff games some 30 weeks later has not been fully investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare measures of upper- and lower-body strength between players from the same professional club, designated as those 17 players who attained selection and played in the team that won the Grand Final of the National Rugby League competition (GF) and those who did not attain selection (NSGF)...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499564/socio-demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-posttraumatic-growth-among-korean-americans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-life-experiences
#17
Gyeong-Suk Jeon, So-Young Park, Kunsook S Bernstein
This study examined socio-demographic and psychological correlates of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Korean Americans (KAs) with traumatic life experiences. A total of 286 KAs were included. Being a woman or having a lower annual household income had positive associations with PTG, while having no religion had a negative association with it. In addition, praying and visiting a mental health professional for coping with stress or for psychological problems was positively associated with PTG. Higher resilience scores increased PTG, while depressive symptoms decreased it...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482767/the-impact-of-leadership-coaching-in-an-australian-healthcare-setting
#18
Anthony M Grant, Ingrid Studholme, Raj Verma, Lea Kirkwood, Bronwyn Paton, Sean O'Connor
Purpose There is limited empirical literature on the effectiveness of leadership coaching in healthcare settings. The purpose of this paper is to explore the efficacy of leadership coaching for individuals implementing strategic change in the Australian public health system. Design/methodology/approach Using a within-subjects (pre-post) design, participants ( n=31) undertook six one-hour coaching sessions. Coaching was conducted by professional leadership coaches. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481850/physician-burnout-and-well-being-a-systematic-review-and-framework-for-action
#19
David A Rothenberger
BACKGROUND: Physician burnout in the United States has reached epidemic proportions and is rising rapidly, although burnout in other occupations is stable. Its negative impact is far reaching and includes harm to the burned-out physician, as well as patients, coworkers, family members, close friends, and healthcare organizations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to provide an accurate, current summary of what is known about physician burnout and to develop a framework to reverse its current negative impact, decrease its prevalence, and implement effective organizational and personal interventions...
June 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471255/reducing-the-cost-of-caring-in-cancer-care-evaluation-of-a-pilot-interprofessional-compassion-fatigue-resiliency-programme
#20
Kathryn A Pfaff, Laurie Freeman-Gibb, Linda J Patrick, Rita DiBiase, Olivia Moretti
Compassion fatigue (CF) is a combination of secondary traumatic stress and burnout. Empathy becomes depleted among professional caregivers due to repeated exposure to emotional pain. Negative effects include decreased general wellbeing, impaired caregiver health and diminished team functioning. Intervention is needed to support caregiver quality of life and team relationships in high-stress work environments. This pilot study evaluated the impact of a pilot CF resiliency (CFR) programme on interprofessional staff at a regional cancer centre...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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