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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029892/the-expert-s-guide-to-mealtime-interventions-a-delphi-method-survey
#1
Simone Conchin, Sharon Carey
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of malnutrition and a myriad of barriers to adequate oral diet in hospitalised patients warrants further investment to improve the patient mealtime experience. The aim of this study was to explore barriers and enablers to implementing effective mealtime interventions and develop a process framework to guide clinicians and researchers in the area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Potential experts in the area of hospital mealtime intervention were identified as having published in this field of work within the Australasian setting...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017153/bipolar-disorder-and-or-creative-bipolarity-robert-schumann-s-exemplary-psychopathology-combining-symptomatological-and-psychosocial-perspectives-with-creativity-research
#2
Rainer Matthias Holm-Hadulla, Asimina Koutsoukou-Argyraki
The psychopathological condition of Robert Schumann has been a prominent object of study in psychiatry since his hospitalization in 1854. Renowned psychiatrists have diagnosed Schumann with syphilis, schizophrenia, and bipolar and personality disorders. Until today, these analyses of his symptomatology have led to contradictory results. Recent discussion has suggested that his hospitalization was due to professional failure and separation wishes on the part of his wife, her family, and her friends. In line with this hypothesis is the opinion that the separation insisted upon by Clara Schumann was reinforced by the economic interests of the psychiatrist who kept Schumann in custody for 2 years until his death in 1856...
October 11, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016500/nonreassuring-status-improving-obstetrician-gynecologist-wellness
#3
Abigail Ford Winkel, Francine Hughes, Stephanie V Blank
Physician wellness directly affects patient and physician health and has broader implications for our health systems. A summary of what is known about physician wellness in medicine, and obstetrics and gynecology in particular, identifies several areas for future focus. To change our culture and the structure of our academic health centers in a way that promotes resilience, we suggest greater attention to preparedness for practice and attention to work-life integration as well as mentoring and professional development...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984728/incidence-of-wrong-site-surgery-list-errors-for-a-2-year-period-in-a-single-national-health-service-board
#4
Alistair Geraghty, Lorna Ferguson, Craig McIlhenny, Paul Bowie
INTRODUCTION: Wrong-site/side surgical "never events" continue to cause considerable harm to patients, healthcare professionals, and organizations within the United Kingdom. Incidence has remained static despite the mandatory introduction of surgical checklists. Operating theater list errors have been identified as a regular contributor to these never events. The aims of the study were to identify and to learn from the incidence of wrong-site/side list errors in a single National Health Service board...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968516/managing-medical-emergencies-in-mental-health-settings-using-an-interprofessional-in-situ-simulation-training-programme-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-study
#5
Mary Lavelle, Chris Attoe, Christina Tritschler, Sean Cross
BACKGROUND: In the UK, people with severe mental illness die up to 20years earlier than the general population, prompting increased focus on physical health in mental illness. However, training for mental health inpatient staff to meet patients' physical health needs has not received the same attention, with physical health training often being reactive and lacking evidence of effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate an interprofessional, in situ, simulation training intervention for managing medical deterioration in mental health settings...
September 21, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967726/how-to-define-the-therapeutic-limits
#6
Alberto Cester, Monica Maselli, Francesco Bolzetta
With the advance of technological progress and the increase in life expectancy, it is nowadays mandatory to define what is the therapeutic limit. Every day each physician must take therapeutic decisions on the basis of his scientific knowledge, but also of his own conscience and sense of limits. They can not avoid to consider the global risk of death, disability and morbidity in more advanced age, especially in the field of cardiology and cardiac surgery. In these subjects, both fit that frail, is necessary not only an evaluation for adequate risk assessment, but also a multidimensional assessment performed with advanced tools...
July 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964404/surgical-education-lessons-from-parenthood
#7
Clay Cothren Burlew
Although one might think surgery and parenting have little in common, there are clear parallels. Historically there has been little formal education for either role. Educators and parents relied on modelling the behavior of others, or trial and error techniques. Mentorship and role models have played a critical role in professional development and continue to have a profound impact. Over the past two decades there has been a marked increase in the resources that are available. Coaching, debriefing, deliberate practice, and formal training are now incorporated in residency programs...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960761/planetary-health-and-the-role-of-nursing-a-call-to-action
#8
Ann E Kurth
PURPOSE: To discuss the drivers of planetary health, responses, and the role of nursing in making health systems more resilient in an era of increasing stresses. As health providers, scientists, educators, and leaders, nurses have an obligation to prepare for climate change and other impacts of ecosystem strain on human health. DESIGN AND METHODS: Review of literature relevant to a planetary health framework. FINDINGS: Population displacement, new disease patterns and health needs, stresses on air quality, food production and water systems, and equity concerns, as well as the generation of sustainable energy, are all intimately related to health...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948589/-development-and-validation-of-the-academic-resilience-inventory-for-nursing-students-in-taiwan
#9
Cheng-Chieh Li, Chi-Fang Wei, Yuk-Ying Tung
BACKGROUND: Failure to cope with learning pressures has been shown to influence the learning achievement and professional performance of nursing students. In order to enable nursing students to adapt successfully to their academic stress, it is essential to explore their academic resilience in the process of learning. PURPOSE: To develop the Academic Resilience Inventory for Nursing Students (ARINS) and to test its reliability and validity. METHODS: A total of 611 nursing students in central and southern Taiwan were recruited as participants...
October 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944055/understanding-the-links-between-resilience-and-type-2-diabetes-self-management-a-qualitative-study-in-south-australia
#10
A L Wilson, D McNaughton, S B Meyer, P R Ward
BACKGROUND: Research conducted by Ward, Muller, Tsourtos, et al. (Soc Sci Med 72(7):1140-1148, 2011) has led to the development of the psycho-social interactive model of resilience, which reveals the interaction between individual resilience factors (i.e. coping, confidence and self esteem) and external resilience environments (i.e. employment, supportive family environments and health promoting policies) in facilitating the development of resilience. This present study explored the utility of this model of resilience for understanding how people self-manage type-2 diabetes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942565/relationship-of-adverse-family-experiences-to-resilience-and-school-engagement-among-vermont-youth
#11
Laurin Kasehagen, Laurel Omland, Melissa Bailey, Charlie Biss, Breena Holmes, Patsy Tassler Kelso
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with a range of health outcomes and risk behaviors. In 2011-2012, the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) included questions about adverse family experiences (AFEs). AFE survey questions are similar to ACE questions, except there are no questions about emotional/physical/sexual trauma, and questions are asked of parents rather than children. Although the relationship between ACEs and work/school absenteeism has been studied, the relationships between AFEs of school-aged children, school performance, and buffering behaviors have not been explored in depth...
September 23, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918822/a-theoretical-model-to-explain-the-smart-technology-adoption-behaviors-of-elder-consumers-elderadopt
#12
Stephen M Golant
A growing global population of older adults is potential consumers of a category of products referred to as smart technologies, but also known as telehealth, telecare, information and communication technologies, robotics, and gerontechnology. This paper constructs a theoretical model to explain whether older people will adopt smart technology options to cope with their discrepant individual or environmental circumstances, thereby enabling them to age in place. Its proposed constructs and relationships are drawn from multiple academic disciplines and professional specialties, and an extensive literature focused on the factors influencing the acceptance of these smart technologies...
August 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914801/gender-differences-in-problematic-alcohol-consumption-in-university-professors
#13
Pablo Ruisoto, Silvia L Vaca, José J López-Goñi, Raúl Cacho, Iván Fernández-Suárez
The role of job satisfaction and other psychosocial variables in problematic alcohol consumption within professional settings remains understudied. The aim of this study is to assess the level of problematic alcohol consumption among male and female university professors and associated psychosocial variables. A total of 360 professors (183 men and 177 women) of a large private university in Ecuador were surveyed using standardized instruments for the following psychosocial measures: alcohol consumption, job satisfaction, psychological stress, psychological flexibility, social support and resilience...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898767/what-do-we-know-about-student-resilience-in-health-professional-education-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Brooke Sanderson, Margo Brewer
OBJECTIVES: Resilience has been identified as a key capability to thrive in the complex changing work environment of the 21st century. Therefore, the aim of this scoping review was to investigate how resilience is understood in the context of pre-qualifying health education, if there is a need to build student resilience, and what approaches to enhancing student resilience are described in the literature. DESIGN AND DATA SOURCES: Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) literature scoping review design was adopted as it enables researchers to review, summarise and analyse the literature on a given topic...
November 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895619/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-professional-rugby-an-international-observational-descriptive-study
#15
Vincent Gouttebarge, Phil Hopley, Gino Kerkhoffs, Evert Verhagen, Wayne Viljoen, Paul Wylleman, Mike I Lambert
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders among professional rugby players across countries. A cross-sectional analysis of the baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study was conducted. Nine national players' associations and three rugby unions distributed questionnaires based on validated scales for assessing symptoms of common mental disorders. Among the whole study sample (N=990; overall response rate of 28%), prevalence (4-week) of symptoms of common mental disorders ranged from 15% for adverse alcohol use to 30% for anxiety/depression...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893747/the-health-and-well-being-of-australia-s-future-medical-doctors-protocol-for-a-5-year-observational-cohort-study-of-medical-trainees
#16
Erin Cvejic, Gordon Parker, Samuel B Harvey, Zachery Steel, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Claire L Macnamara, Uté Vollmer-Conna
INTRODUCTION: Clinical training in the undergraduate medical course places multiple stressors on trainees, which have been held to lead to heightened distress, depression, suicide, substance misuse/abuse and poor mental health outcomes. To date, evidence for morbidity in trainees is largely derived from cross-sectional survey-based research. This limits the accuracy of estimates and the extent to which predispositional vulnerabilities (biological and/or psychological), contextual triggers and longer-term consequences can be validly identified...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889827/multidisciplinary-family-centred-psychosocial-care-for-patients-with-chd-consensus-recommendations-from-the-aepc-psychosocial-working-group
#17
Elisabeth M W J Utens, Edward Callus, Eveline M Levert, Katya De Groote, Frank Casey
Because of the enormous advances in the medical treatment of CHD, the long-term survival of patients suffering from this disease has increased significantly. Currently, about 90% of patients reach adulthood, which entails many new challenges both for patients and their families and for healthcare professionals. The main objective of family-centred psychosocial care is to strengthen the emotional resilience of chronically ill patients and their families by adopting a holistic approach. During the biannual meeting of the psychosocial working group in 2012, participants expressed the need for general European guidelines...
September 11, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880810/theodicies-and-professional-quality-of-life-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-chaplains-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#18
Joseph M Currier, Kent D Drescher, Jason A Nieuwsma, Wesley H McCormick
This study examined the role of theodicies or theological/philosophic attempts to resolve existential dilemmas related to evil and human suffering in chaplains' professional quality of life (ProQOL). A nationally representative sample of 298 VHA chaplains completed the recently developed Views of Suffering Scale (Hale-Smith, Park, & Edmondson, 2012 ) and ProQOL-5 (Stamm, 2010 ). Descriptive results revealed that 20-50% endorsed strong theistic beliefs in a compassionate deity who reciprocally suffers with hurting people, God ultimately being responsible for suffering, and that suffering can provide opportunities for intimate encounters with God and personal growth...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870195/a-qualitative-study-of-filipina-immigrants-stress-distress-and-coping-the-impact-of-their-multiple-transnational-roles-as-women
#19
Melanie L Straiton, Heloise Marie L Ledesma, Tam T Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Migration is associated with a number of stress factors which can affect mental health. Ethnicity, gender and socioeconomic status can intertwine with and influence the process of migration and mental health. Philippine migration to Europe has increased in recent years and has become more feminised. Knowing more about the factors that influence immigrants' mental health and coping can help aid health care delivery and policy planning. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the contextual factors that influence the mental health of Filipinas living in Norway and their coping strategies...
September 5, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865645/developing-a-community-wide-initiative-to-address-childhood-adversity-and-toxic-stress-a-case-study-of-the-philadelphia-ace-task-force
#20
Lee M Pachter, Leslie Lieberman, Sandra L Bloom, Joel A Fein
The Philadelphia ACE Task Force is a community based collaborative of health care providers, researchers, community-based organizations, funders, and public sector representatives. The mission of the task force is to provide a venue to address childhood adversity and its consequences in the Philadelphia metropolitan region. In this article we describe the origins and metamorphosis of the Philadelphia ACE Task Force, which initially was narrowly focused on screening for adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in health care settings but expanded its focus to better represent a true community-based approach to sharing experiences with addressing childhood adversity in multiple sectors of the city and region...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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