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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629198/patient-health-engagement-phe-model-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-monitoring-patients-engagement-and-psychological-resilience-in-minimally-invasive-thoracic-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Guendalina Graffigna, Serena Barello
In the last decade, the humanization of medicine has contributed to an important shift in medical paradigms (from a doctor-centered to a patient-centered approach to care). This paradigm shift promoted a greater acknowledgement of patient engagement as a crucial asset for healthcare due to its benefits on both clinical outcomes and healthcare sustainability. Particularly, patient engagement should be considered a vital parameter for the healthcare system as well as it is a marker of the patients' ability to be resilient to the illness experience and thus to be an effective manager of his/her own health after the diagnosis...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622528/impact-of-mental-health-screening-on-promoting-immediate-online-help-seeking-randomized-trial-comparing-normative-versus-humor-driven-feedback
#2
Isabella Choi, David N Milne, Mark Deady, Rafael A Calvo, Samuel B Harvey, Nick Glozier
BACKGROUND: Given the widespread availability of mental health screening apps, providing personalized feedback may encourage people at high risk to seek help to manage their symptoms. While apps typically provide personal score feedback only, feedback types that are user-friendly and increase personal relevance may encourage further help-seeking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of providing normative and humor-driven feedback on immediate online help-seeking, defined as clicking on a link to an external resource, and to explore demographic predictors that encourage help-seeking...
April 5, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618221/-sacred-pause-in-the-icu-evaluation-of-a-ritual-and-intervention-to-lower-distress-and-burnout
#3
Sumit Kapoor, Christopher K Morgan, Muhammad Asim Siddique, Kalpalatha K Guntupalli
BACKGROUND: Increased exposure to deaths in the intensive care unit (ICU) generate grief among ICU staff, which remains unresolved most of the time. Unresolved grief becomes cumulative and presents a risk factor for burnout. "sacred pause" is a ritual performed at patient's death to honor the lost life and recognize the efforts of the health-care team. OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of the ritual of sacred pause on the attitudes and behaviors of the ICU physicians and nurses...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617183/measuring-trust-in-vaccination-a-systematic-review
#4
Heidi J Larson, Richard M Clarke, Caitlin Jarrett, Elisabeth Eckersberger, Zachary Levine, Will S Schulz, Pauline Paterson
Vaccine acceptance depends on public trust and confidence in the safety and efficacy of vaccines and immunization, the health system, healthcare professionals and the wider vaccine research community. This systematic review analyses the current breadth and depth of vaccine research literature that explicitly refers to the concept of trust within their stated aims or research questions. After duplicates were removed, 19,643 articles were screened by title and abstract. Of these 2,779 were screened by full text, 35 of which were included in the final analysis...
April 4, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605169/burnout-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-paediatric-critical-care-personnel-prediction-from-resilience-and-coping-styles
#5
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Alba Palacios, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Elena Pérez, Elena Álvarez, Ana Coca, Santiago Mencía, Ana Marcos, Juan Mayordomo-Colunga, Francisco Fernández, Fernando Gómez, Jaime Cruz, Olga Ordóñez, Ana Llorente
INTRODUCTION: Our aims were (1) to explore the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BOS) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of Spanish staff working in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and compare these rates with a sample of general paediatric staff and (2) to explore how resilience, coping strategies, and professional and demographic variables influence BOS and PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multicentre, cross-sectional study. Data were collected in the PICU and in other paediatric wards of nine hospitals...
March 28, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602138/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-nurses-and-nursing-students-an-integrated-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Pamela van der Riet, Tracy Levett-Jones, Catherine Aquino-Russell
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature has identified a range of beneficial physiological and psychological outcomes from the regular practice of mindfulness meditation. For healthcare professionals, mindfulness meditation is claimed to reduce stress, anxiety and burnout, and enhance resilience. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this integrative review was to critically appraise the literature that related to the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation programs for nurses and nursing students...
March 24, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594369/maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-antepartum-risks-the-moderating-role-of-social-support
#7
Nicole Racine, Sheri Madigan, Andre Plamondon, Erin Hetherington, Sheila McDonald, Suzanne Tough
The aims of the current study were to examine the association between maternal adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and antepartum health risks, and to investigate whether social support moderated this association. It was hypothesized that ACEs would be associated with antepartum health risks; however, social support in the prenatal period would buffer mothers from the deleterious consequences of ACEs. Data from 1994 women (mean age = 31 years) and their infants were collected from a longitudinal cohort recruited in health care offices in Alberta, Canada...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587793/thriving-in-scrubs-a-qualitative-study-of-resident-resilience
#8
Abigail Ford Winkel, Anne West Honart, Annie Robinson, Aubrie-Ann Jones, Allison Squires
BACKGROUND: Physician well-being impacts both doctors and patients. In light of high rates of physician burnout, enhancing resilience is a priority. To inform effective interventions, educators need to understand how resilience develops during residency. METHODS: A qualitative study using grounded theory examined the lived experience of resilience in residents. A cohort of obstetrics and gynecology residents were selected as a purposive, intensity sample.. Eighteen residents in all years of training participated in semi-structured interviews...
March 27, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581100/resilience-surviving-and-thriving-in-the-paediatric-workplace
#9
Sanjay Suri, Eleanor Nash
The health of the medical workforce, within the UK, has been described as an unmet public health need. Reports of stress, burnout and ill health are continuing to rise. Burnout is when meaningful and challenging work becomes unpleasant and unfulfilling; energy turns into exhaustion; enthusiasm turns into cynicism and efficacy turns into ineffectiveness. Stress is an individual's physical and psychological response to single or multiple pressures. Low-level stress, or 'healthy stress', is essential. Stress becomes unhealthy when pressures exceed one's perceived ability to cope and the response to the pressures becomes counterproductive, leading to a decrease in performance...
March 26, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574942/the-contribution-of-occupation-to-children-s-experience-of-resilience-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#10
Linda Bowden, Kirk Reed, Ellen Nicholson
BACKGROUND: This qualitative descriptive study explored what occupations children aged 10-13 years participate in and how participation in occupation contributes to resilience from their perspective. Little is known about how occupations contribute to resilience, and less is known from children's perspectives. Exploring how participation in occupation contributes to resilience is important as children continue to face adverse situations; resilience may help protect their development against uncertainty...
March 25, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561283/wellness-interventions-for-anesthesiologists
#11
Haleh Saadat, Zeev N Kain
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review examines the different preventive measures that have been found to be useful to abolish or decrease the negative effects of burnout and increase resilience in anesthesiologists. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies in anesthesiology cite autonomy, control of the work environment, professional relationships, leadership, and organizational justice as the most important factors in job satisfaction. Factors such as difficulty in balancing personal and professional life, poor attention to wellness, work alcoholism, and genetic factors increase an individual's susceptibility to burnout...
March 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557570/the-measure-of-effectiveness-of-a-short-term-2-week-intensive-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-in-decreasing-levels-of-anxiety-and-depression
#12
Floriana Caccamo, Simone Saltini, Enrico Carella, Roberto Carlon, Cristina Marogna, Vito Sava
Research on heart disease have found a strong and consistent evidence of association between some psychosocial risk factors, including depression, anxiety, self-efficacy, lack of social support and outcome of disease. Depression increases the risk of cardiac death and is highly predictive of reduced adherence to recommended treatments; anxiety appears to be linked to adverse cardiac outcomes. It was demonstrated that Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) leads to substantial improvements and positive outcomes because combines the prescription of physical activity with the modification of risk factors and aims to reduce symptoms related to the disease and the risk of new cardiovascular events...
January 29, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550644/a-web-based-resource-for-promoting-equity-in-midwifery-education-and-training-towards-meaningful-diversity-and-inclusion
#13
Kristin J Effland, Karen Hays
Increasing the midwifery workforce requires that aspiring midwives complete education and training, but structural racism and microaggressions impact the lives of underrepresented midwifery students and apprentices, adding stressors and disparities to the usual demanding educational challenges. In order to be resilient, students rely on preceptors, faculty, administrators and institutions to promote equity. Equity-focused learning environments improve student experiences and success rates, and better prepare all students to provide culturally humble and sensitive care to diverse childbearing persons and other essential competencies outlined by the International Confederation of Midwives...
February 15, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547423/strengthening-the-anesthesia-workforce-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Søren Kudsk-Iversen, Naomi Shamambo, M Dylan Bould
The majority of the world's population lacks access to safe, timely, and affordable surgical care. Although there is a health workforce crisis across the board in the poorest countries in the world, anesthesia is disproportionally affected. This article explores some of the key issues that must be tackled to strengthen the anesthesia workforce in low- and lower-middle-income countries. First, we need to increase the overall number of safe anesthesia providers to match a huge burden of disease, particularly in the poorest countries in the world and in remote and rural areas...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538108/addressing-student-burnout-what-medical-schools-can-learn-from-business-schools
#15
Akhilesh S Pathipati, Christine K Cassel
Although they enter school with enthusiasm for a career in medicine, medical students in the United States subsequently report high levels of burnout and disillusionment. As medical school leaders consider how to address this problem, they can look to business schools as one source of inspiration. In this Commentary, the authors argue-based on their collective experience in both medical and business education-that medical schools can draw three lessons from business schools that can help reinvigorate students...
March 13, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535617/yoga-therapy-and-polyvagal-theory-the-convergence-of-traditional-wisdom-and-contemporary-neuroscience-for-self-regulation-and-resilience
#16
Marlysa B Sullivan, Matt Erb, Laura Schmalzl, Steffany Moonaz, Jessica Noggle Taylor, Stephen W Porges
Yoga therapy is a newly emerging, self-regulating complementary and integrative healthcare (CIH) practice. It is growing in its professionalization, recognition and utilization with a demonstrated commitment to setting practice standards, educational and accreditation standards, and promoting research to support its efficacy for various populations and conditions. However, heterogeneity of practice, poor reporting standards, and lack of a broadly accepted understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms involved in yoga therapy limits the structuring of testable hypotheses and clinical applications...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504017/organizational-dimensions-of-innovative-practice-a-qualitative-investigation-of-the-processes-supporting-innovation-adoption-in-outpatient-physical-therapy-practice
#17
Carla Sabus, Ellen Spake
BACKGROUND: The ability to innovate and adapt practice is a requirement of the progressive healthcare provider. Innovative practice by rehabilitation providers has largely been approached as personal professional development; this study extends that perspective by examining innovation uptake from the organizational level. The varied professions can be expected to have distinct qualities of innovation adoption that reflect professional norms, values, and expectations. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the organizational processes of innovation uptake in outpatient physical therapy practice...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503607/effect-of-somatic-experiencing-resiliency-based-trauma-treatment-training-on-quality-of-life-and-psychological-health-as-potential-markers-of-resilience-in-treating-professionals
#18
Neal E Winblad, Michael Changaris, Phyllis K Stein
Background: Individuals who treat trauma are at significant risk of vicarious traumatization and burnout. Somatic Experiencing® (SE®) is a resiliency-focused trauma treatment modality designed to address autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and its impacted physical health and mental health symptoms e.g., anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, migraines, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue, etc. The SE® training supports the development of clinical skills to reduce physical health/mental health symptoms as well as increase clinician resilience...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499688/psychosocial-factors-affecting-resilience-in-nepalese-individuals-with-earthquake-related-spinal-cord-injury-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Muna Bhattarai, Khomapak Maneewat, Wipa Sae-Sia
BACKGROUND: One of many types of injuries following an earthquake is spinal cord injury (SCI) which is a life-long medically complex injury and high-cost health problem. Despite several negative consequences, some persons with SCI are resilient enough to achieve positive adjustment, greater acceptance, and better quality of life. Since resilience is influenced by several factors and can vary by context, it is beneficial to explore factors that affect the resilience of people who sustained spinal cord injury from the 2015 earthquake in Nepal...
March 2, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490210/royal-australian-and-new-zealand-college-of-psychiatrists-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-mood-disorders-major-depression-summary
#20
Gin S Malhi, Tim Outhred, Amber Hamilton, Philip M Boyce, Richard Bryant, Paul B Fitzgerald, Bill Lyndon, Roger Mulder, Greg Murray, Richard J Porter, Ajeet B Singh, Kristina Fritz
In December 2015, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists published a comprehensive set of mood disorder clinical practice guidelines for psychiatrists, psychologists and mental health professionals. This guideline summary, directed broadly at primary care physicians, is an abridged version that focuses on major depression. It emphasises the importance of shared decision making, tailoring personalised care to the individual, and delivering care in the context of a therapeutic relationship...
March 5, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
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