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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455628/ng%C3%A4-whak%C3%A4-whitinga-standing-at-the-crossroads-how-m%C3%A4-ori-understand-what-western-psychiatry-calls-schizophrenia
#1
Melissa Taitimu, John Read, Tracey McIntosh
This project explored how Māori understand experiences commonly labelled "schizophrenic" or "psychotic". Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 57 Māori participants who had either personal experiences labelled as "psychosis" or "schizophrenia", or who work with people with such experiences; including tangata whaiora (users of mental health services), tohunga (traditional healers), kaumatua/kuia (elders), Māori clinicians, cultural support workers and students...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437139/seeking-professional-resilience
#2
Abby R Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436981/self-reported-perceptions-of-sleep-quality-and-resilience-among-dance-students
#3
F Arbinaga
This study examined relationships between self-perceived sleep quality and resilience among 116 dance students (Mean age = 21.6 years; SD = 4.348). who self-reported sleep quality with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and personal resilience with the Resilience Scale (RS). Most participants (59.5%) reported poor sleep quality on the PSQI, with 62.9% of the women and 42.1% of the men ( p = .092) scoring higher than five points on this instrument. On the RS, a large majority of the participants (75%) obtained scores less than 147, indicating low resilience, with no significant gender differences observed...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420813/sport-psychology-for-the-soldier-athlete-a-paradigm-shift
#4
Vanessa M Meyer
Background: Competitive athletes train body and mind in preparation for competition with mental fortitude often providing the "winning edge." Similarly, the current-day warfighter faces significant physical and psychological challenges and must be prepared to respond to life-threatening danger with mental and physical agility. Sport Psychology for the Soldier Athlete recognizes the soldier as an elite athlete and provides training required to perform at the highest caliber. Through this curriculum, mental skills coaching in goal setting, imagery, positive self-talk, and heart rate control is integrated into routine physical fitness training...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420257/psychological-resilience-and-post-traumatic-growth-in-disaster-exposed-organisations-overview-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Samantha Brooks, R Amlôt, G J Rubin, N Greenberg
As disasters become increasingly prevalent, and reported on, a wealth of literature on post-disaster mental health has been published. Most published evidence focuses on symptoms of mental health problems (such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety) and psychosocial factors increasing the risk of such symptoms. However, a recent shift in the literature has moved to exploring resilience and the absence of adverse lasting mental health effects following a disaster. This paper undertakes a qualitative review of the literature to explore factors affecting psychological resilience, as well as the potential positive impact of experiencing a disaster (post-traumatic growth) by examining the literature on employees in disaster-exposed organisations...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420234/-care-under-pressure-a-realist-review-of-interventions-to-tackle-doctors-mental-ill-health-and-its-impacts-on-the-clinical-workforce-and-patient-care
#6
Daniele Carrieri, Simon Briscoe, Mark Jackson, Karen Mattick, Chrysanthi Papoutsi, Mark Pearson, Geoffrey Wong
INTRODUCTION: Mental ill-health is prevalent across all groups of health professionals and this is of great concern in many countries. In the UK, the mental health of the National Health Service (NHS) workforce is a major healthcare issue, leading to presenteeism, absenteeism and loss of staff from the workforce. Most interventions targeting doctors aim to increase their 'productivity' and 'resilience', placing responsibility for good mental health with doctors themselves and neglecting the organisational and structural contexts that may have a detrimental effect on doctors' well-being...
February 2, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415738/what-adaptation-to-research-is-needed-following-crises-a-comparative-qualitative-study-of-the-health-workforce-in-sierra-leone-and-nepal
#7
Joanna Raven, Sushil Baral, Haja Wurie, Sophie Witter, Mohamed Samai, Pravin Paudel, Hom Nath Subedi, Tim Martineau, Helen Elsey, Sally Theobald
BACKGROUND: Health workers are critical to the performance of health systems; yet, evidence about their coping strategies and support needs during and post crisis is lacking. There is very limited discussion about how research teams should respond when unexpected crises occur during on-going research. This paper critically presents the approaches and findings of two health systems research projects that explored and evaluated health worker performance and were adapted during crises, and provides lessons learnt on re-orientating research when the unexpected occurs...
February 7, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402597/shifting-to-triple-value-healthcare-reflections-from-england
#8
Anant Jani, Sven Jungmann, Muir Gray
Increasing need and demand because of growing and aging populations combined with stagnant or decreasing resources being invested into healthcare globally mean that a radical shift is needed to ensure that healthcare systems can meet current and future challenges. Quality-, safety- and efficiency-improvement approaches have been used as means to address many problems in healthcare and while they are essential and necessary, they are not sufficient to meet our current challenges. To build resilient and sustainable healthcare systems, we need a shift to focus on triple value healthcare, which will help healthcare professionals improve outcomes at the process, patient and population levels while also optimising resource utilisation...
February 2, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385985/resilience-and-burden-in-caregivers-of-older-adults-moderating-and-mediating-effects-of-perceived-social-support
#9
Hui Lin Ong, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Edimansyah Abdin, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Restria Fauziana, Min-En Tan, Siow Ann Chong, Richard Roshan Goveas, Peak Chiang Chiam, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The burden of caring for an older adult can be a form of stress and influence caregivers' daily lives and health. Previous studies have reported that resilience and social support play an important role in reducing physical and psychological burden in caregivers. Thus, the present study aimed to examine whether perceived social support served as a possible protective factor of burden among caregivers of older adults in Singapore using moderation and mediation effects' models...
January 31, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380882/participation-representation-and-shared-experiences-of-women-scholars-in-biological-anthropology
#10
Trudy R Turner, Robin M Bernstein, Andrea B Taylor, Abigail Asangba, Traci Bekelman, Jennifer Danzy Cramer, Sarah Elton, Katarina Harvati, Erin Marie Williams-Hatala, Laurie Kauffman, Emily Middleton, Joan Richtsmeier, Emőke Szathmáry, Christina Torres-Rouff, Zaneta Thayer, Amelia Villaseñor, Erin Vogel
American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA) membership surveys from 1996 and 1998 revealed significant gender disparities in academic status. A 2014 follow-up survey showed that gender equality had improved, particularly with respect to the number of women in tenure-stream positions. However, although women comprised 70% of AAPA membership at that time, the percentage of women full professors remained low. Here, we continue to consider the status of women in biological anthropology by examining the representation of women through a quantitative analysis of their participation in annual meetings of the AAPA during the past 20 years...
January 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377781/older-bisexual-people-implications-for-social-work-from-the-looking-both-ways-study
#11
Rebecca L Jones, Kathryn Almack, Rachael Scicluna
There is a growing social work literature about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older people. However, research and guidance are predominantly based on the experiences of older gay men and, to a lesser extent, older lesbians. There is little to help practitioners work with older bisexual people. The Looking Both Ways study aimed to contribute to this gap in knowledge. We undertook in-depth purposely sampled qualitative interviews with 12 people aged over 50, all of whom have bisexual relationship histories and half of whom also currently identify as bisexual...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357407/informal-caregivers-experiences-of-caring-for-people-receiving-dialysis-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Van Lan Hoang, Theresa Green, Ann Bonner
BACKGROUND: Living with end stage kidney disease and having dialysis is burdensome, and there is a need for support from informal caregivers (i.e. family members and friends). Renal health professionals readily acknowledge and value the support provided by caregivers although the activities and experiences of caring for a loved-one who is receiving dialysis is less well understood. OBJECTIVES: To review studies about the perspectives and experiences of family members and friends who provide support for adults receiving either haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345416/a-qualitative-study-experiences-of-stigma-by-people-with-mental-health-problems
#13
Charlotte Huggett, Michèle D Birtel, Yvonne F Awenat, Paul Fleming, Sophie Wilkes, Shirley Williams, Gillian Haddock
OBJECTIVES: Prior research has examined various components involved in the impact of public and internalized stigma on people with mental health problems. However, studies have not previously investigated the subjective experiences of mental health stigma by those affected in a non-statutory treatment-seeking population. DESIGN: An in-depth qualitative study was conducted using thematic analysis to investigate the experiences of stigma in people with mental health problems...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336332/-fatigue-syndrome-stress-burnout-and-depression-in-urology
#14
Moisés Rodríguez-Socarrás, Juan Luis Vasquez, Pieter Uvin, Pernille Skjold-Kingo, Juan Gómez Rivas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors related to stress, Burnout and depression in urology, as well as consequences in residents and urologists, in addition to the possible applicable strategies to diminish and treat them. ACQUISITION OF THE EVIDENCE: Depression, stress and Burnout syndrome has become a problem in urology specialty. These topics have gained interest in international congresses and urological associations. Efforts are being made to find related factors as well as possible strategies and applicable support programs...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336103/staff-preparedness-for-providing-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-in-long-term-care-homes-instrument-development-and-validation
#15
Helen Yl Chan, Gloria Km Chun, C W Man, Edward Mf Leung
AIM: Although much attention has been on integrating the palliative care approach into services of long-term care homes for older people living with frailty and progressive diseases, little is known about the staff preparedness for these new initiatives. The present study aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument for measuring care home staff preparedness in providing palliative and end-of-life care. METHODS: A 16-item instrument, covering perceived knowledge, skill and psychological readiness, was developed...
January 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331697/longitudinal-trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-after-birth-and-associated-risk-factors
#16
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
BACKGROUND: Although longitudinal trajectories of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are well-established in general trauma populations, very little is known about the trajectories of birth-related PTSD. This study aimed to identify trajectories of birth-related PTSD; determine factors associated with each trajectory; and identify women more likely to develop birth-related PTSD. METHOD: 226 women who had traumatic childbirth according to DSM-IV criterion A were drawn from a community sample of 950 women...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331533/a-woman-s-hand-and-a-lion-s-heart-skills-and-attributes-for-rural-midwifery-practice-in-new-zealand-and-scotland
#17
Andrea Gilkison, Jean Rankin, Mary Kensington, Rea Daellenbach, Lorna Davies, Ruth Deery, Susan Crowther
OBJECTIVE: the complex and challenging nature of rural midwifery is a global issue. New Zealand and Scotland both face similar ongoing challenges in sustaining a rural midwifery workforce, and understanding the best preparation for rural midwifery practice. This study aimed to explore the range of skills, qualities and professional expertise needed for remote and rural midwifery practice. DESIGN: online mixed methods: An initial questionnaire via a confidential SurveyMonkey® was circulated to all midwives working with rural women and families in New Zealand and Scotland...
December 19, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329529/resilience-and-well-being-of-university-nursing-students-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ka Ming Chow, Wing Ki Fiona Tang, Wing Han Carmen Chan, Wing Hung Janet Sit, Kai Chow Choi, Sally Chan
BACKGROUND: University nursing students experience higher levels of academic stress than those of other disciplines. Academic stress leads to psychological distress and has detrimental effects on well-being. The ability to overcome such adversity and learn to be stronger from the experience is regarded as resilience. Resilience is found to have an impact on learning experience, academic performance, course completion and, in the longer term, professional practice. Resilience and positive coping strategies can resist stress and improve personal well-being...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327468/why-do-people-become-health-workers-analysis-from-life-histories-in-4-post-conflict-and-post-crisis-countries
#19
Sophie Witter, Haja Wurie, Justine Namakula, Wilson Mashange, Yotamu Chirwa, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo
While there is a growing body of literature on how to attract and retain health workers once they are trained, there is much less published on what motivates people to train as health professions in the first place in low- and middle-income countries and what difference this makes to later retention. In this article, we examine patterns in expressed motivation to join the profession across different cadres, based on 103 life history interviews conducted in northern Uganda, Sierra Leone, Cambodia, and Zimbabwe...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319469/lgbt-family-lawyers-and-same-sex-marriage-recognition-how-legal-change-shapes-professional-identity-and-practice
#20
Amanda K Baumle
Lawyers who practice family law for LGBT clients are key players in the tenuous and evolving legal environment surrounding same-sex marriage recognition. Building on prior research on factors shaping the professional identities of lawyers generally, and activist lawyers specifically, I examine how practice within a rapidly changing, patchwork legal environment shapes professional identity for this group of lawyers. I draw on interviews with 21 LGBT family lawyers to analyze how the unique features of LGBT family law shape their professional identities and practice, as well as their predictions about the development of the practice in a post-Obergefell world...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
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