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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439149/refinement-and-preliminary-testing-of-an-imagery-based-program-to-improve-coping-and-performance-and-prevent-trauma-among-urban-police-officers
#1
Eamonn Arble, Mark A Lumley, Nnamdi Pole, James Blessman, Bengt B Arnetz
Police officers are regularly exposed to traumatic critical incidents. The substantial mental, behavioral, and social costs of police trauma indicate a substantial need for prevention. We have refined and enhanced a previously tested Swedish program to the harsh conditions of U.S. inner cities. The program was designed to strengthen resilience during stressful encounters and teach methods of coping after exposure, thereby preventing the emergence of maladaptive symptoms and behaviors with adverse effects on professionalism...
March 2017: J Police Crim Psychol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436924/harnessing-the-promise-of-moral-distress-a-call-for-re-orientation
#2
Alisa Carse, Cynda Hylton Rushton
Despite over three decades of research into the sources and costs of what has become an "epidemic" of moral distress among healthcare professionals, spanning many clinical disciplines and roles, there has been little significant progress in effectively addressing moral distress. We believe the persistent sense of frustration, helplessness, and despair still dominating the clinical moral distress narrative signals a need for re-orientation in the way moral distress is understood and worked with. Most fundamentally, moral distress reveals moral investment and energy...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410972/fostering-resilience-among-mothers-under-stress-authentic%C3%A2-connections-groups-for-medical-professionals
#3
Suniya S Luthar, Alexandria Curlee, Susannah J Tye, Judith C Engelman, Cynthia M Stonnington
BACKGROUND: We report on effects of an intervention to foster resilience among professional women at high risk for stress and burnout: health care providers (physicians, PhD clinicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners) who are mothers. METHODS: Between February and November 2015, 40 mothers on staff at the Mayo Clinic, Arizona, were assigned randomly to either 1) 12 weekly 1-hour sessions of a structured, relational supportive intervention, the Authentic Connections Groups (n = 21) with protected time to attend sessions or to 2) 12 weekly hours of protected time to be used as desired (controls; n = 19)...
April 7, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403656/online-training-in-mind-body-therapies-different-doses-long-term-outcomes
#4
Kathi J Kemper, Nisha Rao, Gregg Gascon, John D Mahan
BACKGROUND: There is a high rate of burnout among health professionals, driving diverse attempts to promote resilience and well-being to counter this trend. The purpose of this project was to assess the dose-response relationship between the number of hours of online mind-body skills training for health professionals and relevant outcomes a year later. METHODS: Among 1438 registrants for online training (including up to 12 hours of training on mind-body practices) between December 2013 and November 2015, we analyzed responses from the first 10% who responded to an anonymous online survey between December 1, 2015 and February 1, 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376993/a-model-to-improve-preparedness-and-strategically-enhance-resiliency-at-a-community-level-the-garden-state-approach
#5
Rodric Bowman, Alexander Newman
This paper focuses on community resiliency planning in high-density areas, concentrating on balancing critical infrastructure recovery needs with real-life limitations in funding, and knowledge for how emergency management is done. A case study examines how a New Jersey government agency and state university were able to pilot a community resiliency concept in order to rapidly inject emergency management knowledge into a community that was affected by Superstorm Sandy. The lessons learned are intuitively understood by emergency planning professionals: preparing continuity of operations plans, conducting training and exercises, and mitigating risk for future disasters...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374961/emotional-labour-in-mental-health-nursing-an-integrative-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Karen-Leigh Edward, Gylo Hercelinskyj, Jo-Ann Giandinoto
Emotional labour is the effort consumed by suppressing one's own emotions to care for others effectively while also caring for oneself. Mental health nurses are required to engage in effective therapeutic interactions in emotionally-intense situations. The aim of the present integrative systematic review was to investigate the emotional labour of mental health work and how this manifested, the impacts, and the ways to mitigate these impacts. In June 2016, using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses methodology, a systematic search of the bibliographic databases was undertaken to identify relevant literature...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367385/defining-health-in-the-era-of-value-based-care-the-six-cs-of-health-and-healthcare
#7
REVIEW
Mark Warren
INTRODUCTION: While healthcare expenditure continues to increase overall health outcomes in the United States continue to be submarginal. The changes we make in our healthcare system need to be informed by a comprehensive and actionable definition of health that can unite patients, healthcare professionals, and policymakers. METHODS: A literature review across multiple disciplines was conducted to assess a broad range of factors associated with health and well-being and based on this literature review a novel definition of health was developed...
February 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363390/factors-associated-with-nursing-students-resilience-communication-skills-course-use-of-social-media-and-satisfaction-with-clinical-placement
#8
Warshawski Sigalit, Barnoy Sivia, Itzhaki Michal
The purpose of this study was to explore the (a) associations between students' personal and group resilience to their utilization of social networking platforms and formally taught communication skills, (b) students' personal and clinical characteristics that are related to personal and group resilience and the perceived helpfulness of communication course, and (c) factors that contribute to students' satisfaction with their clinical placement. Data were collected from 149 second year nursing students learning in a major university in the country of Israel with the use of a self-administered structured questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359165/testing-a-resilience-training-program-in-police-recruits
#9
Sandra L Ramey, Yelena Perkhounkova, Maria Hein, Nicole L Bohr, Amanda A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Stress from multiple sources is inherent in law enforcement. However, it is possible to modify responses to stress with resilience training that includes teaching techniques to modify emotional and physical responses to stress, interface with mental health professionals, and practice sessions to improve self-regulation of responses to stress including coherence, a measure of heart rate variability. A gap exists in the research, however, regarding evaluation of the duration of effects after the initial resilience training...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358243/professional-quality-of-life-and-changes-in-spirituality-among-vha-chaplains-a-mixed-methods-investigation
#10
Wesley H McCormick, Timothy D Carroll, Brett A Slagel, Kent D Drescher, Jason A Nieuwsma, Joseph M Currier
A mixed method design was implemented to examine the spirituality and emotional well-being of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) chaplains and how potential changes in spirituality and emotional well-being may affect their professional quality of life. Four distinct categories of changes emerged from the narrative statements of a nationally representative sample of 267 VHA chaplains: (1) positive changes (e.g., increased empathy), (2) negative changes (e.g., dysthymic mood, questioning religious beliefs), (3) combination of positive and negative changes, and (4) no change (e...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351068/what-attitudes-and-values-are-incorporated-into-self-as-part-of-professional-identity-construction-when-becoming-a-surgeon
#11
Alexandra Cope, Jeff Bezemer, Stella Mavroveli, Roger Kneebone
PURPOSE: To make explicit the attitudes and values of a community of surgeons, with the aim of understanding professional identity construction within a specific group of residents. METHOD: Using a grounded theory method, the authors collected data from 16 postgraduate surgeons through interviews. They complemented these initial interview data with ethnographic observations and additional descriptive interviews to explore the attitudes and values learned by surgeons during residency training (2010-2013)...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347144/compassion-fatigue-among-palliative-care-clinicians
#12
Sean O'Mahony, Maisa Ziadni, Michael Hoerger, Stacie Levine, Aliza Baron, James Gerhart
OBJECTIVES: Palliative medicine is a rewarding field, but providers encounter patient trauma on a routine basis. Compassion fatigue, marked by burnout, secondary traumatic stress, and low satisfaction may result. However, professionals differ markedly in how they respond to patient trauma. The objective of the current study was to determine whether personality traits of neuroticism and agreeableness relate to aspects of compassion fatigue, after accounting for time spent working in the field...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345748/risk-perception-and-perceived-self-efficacy-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-seniors-and-young-adults-in-emergencies
#13
Alina Engelman, Susan L Ivey, Winston Tseng, Linda Neuhauser
OBJECTIVES: The authors explored the factors influencing risk perception and perceived self-efficacy before and during an emergency for deaf and hard-of-hearing (Deaf/HH) seniors and young adults. METHODS: The authors collected demographic survey data and conducted four focus groups with 38 Deaf/HH residents of the San Francisco Bay Area; two groups were with young adults (ages 18-35), including one group of college students and one group of young professionals, and two were with older adults (ages 50-90)...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323588/virtual-reality-applications-for-stress-management-training-in-the-military
#14
Federica Pallavicini, Luca Argenton, Nicola Toniazzi, Luciana Aceti, Fabrizia Mantovani
INTRODUCTION: Stress Management Training programs are increasingly being adopted in the military field for resilience empowerment and primary stress prevention. In the last several years, advanced technologies (virtual reality in particular) have been integrated in order to develop more innovative and effective stress training programs for military personnel, including soldiers, pilots, and other aircrew professionals. This systematic review describes experimental studies that have been conducted in recent years to test the effectiveness of virtual reality-based Stress Management Training programs developed for military personnel...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294467/the-influence-of-resilience-on-mental-health-the-role-of-general-well-being
#15
Tingting Gao, Xinna Ding, Jingxin Chai, Zhao Zhang, Han Zhang, Yixi Kong, Songli Mei
BACKGROUND: Nurses are suffering from increasing stress, and nursing is recognized as one of the most stressful job. Their mental health problems are serious and worthy of attention. AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between resilience and mental health and general well-being among nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014, using a self-reported questionnaire. Participants were asked to complete the measure of resilience, mental health, and general well-being...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290064/-symposium-the-future-of-informal-care
#16
Marjolein Broese van Groenou, Alice de Boer, Kim Putters, Kène Henkens, Henk Nies, Pearl A Dykstra, Hanna van Solinge, Cretien van Campen, Sjoerd Kooiker
Due to the reform of long term care in 2015, there is growing concern about whether groups at risk receive the care they need. People in need of care have to rely more on help from their social network. The increased need for informal care requires resilience and organizational skills of families, but also of volunteers, professionals and employers. What does this mean for the provision of informal care in the next decennia? The symposium 'The future of informal care', organized on January 26 2017 by the National Institute for Social Research and the Institute for Societal Resilience of the Vrije Universiteit, addressed possible answers to this question...
March 13, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276847/individual-interpersonal-and-organisational-factors-of-healthcare-conflict-a-scoping-review
#17
Sara Kim, Naike Bochatay, Annemarie Relyea-Chew, Elizabeth Buttrick, Chris Amdahl, Laura Kim, Elise Frans, Matthew Mossanen, Azhar Khandekar, Ryan Fehr, Young-Mee Lee
Unresolved conflicts among healthcare professionals can lead to difficult patient care consequences. This scoping review examines the current healthcare literature that reported sources and consequences of conflict associated with individual, interpersonal, and organisational factors. We identified 99 articles published between 2001 and 2015 from PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Excerpta Medical Database. Most reviewed studies relied on healthcare professionals' perceptions and beliefs associated with conflict sources and consequences, with few studies reporting behavioural or organisational change outcomes...
May 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265506/immediate-effects-of-eva-midsole-resilience-and-upper-shoe-structure-on-running-biomechanics-a-machine-learning-approach
#18
Andrea N Onodera, Wilson P Gavião Neto, Maria Isabel Roveri, Wagner R Oliveira, Isabel Cn Sacco
BACKGROUND: Resilience of midsole material and the upper structure of the shoe are conceptual characteristics that can interfere in running biomechanics patterns. Artificial intelligence techniques can capture features from the entire waveform, adding new perspective for biomechanical analysis. This study tested the influence of shoe midsole resilience and upper structure on running kinematics and kinetics of non-professional runners by using feature selection, information gain, and artificial neural network analysis...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265251/looking-through-the-glass-ceiling-a-qualitative-study-of-stem-women-s-career-narratives
#19
Mary J Amon
Although efforts have been directed toward the advancement of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) positions, little research has directly examined women's perspectives and bottom-up strategies for advancing in male-stereotyped disciplines. The present study utilized Photovoice, a Participatory Action Research method, to identify themes that underlie women's experiences in traditionally male-dominated fields. Photovoice enables participants to convey unique aspects of their experiences via photographs and their in-depth knowledge of a community through personal narrative...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258504/the-health-professionals-perspectives-of-support-needs-of-adult-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors-and-their-families-a-delphi-study
#20
Lauren J Breen, Moira O'Connor, Samuel Calder, Vivian Tai, Jade Cartwright, Janet M Beilby
PURPOSE: The aim was to identify the views of Australian and New Zealand health professionals regarding the support needs of people with head and neck cancer (HNC) and their families and current gaps in service delivery. METHODS: A modified Delphi process assessed support needs of people with HNC following acute medical management. A systematic review of the literature was used to develop items relevant to seven key concepts underpinning the psychological experience of living with HNC...
March 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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