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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545878/burnout-and-health-among-critical-care-professionals-the-mediational-role-of-resilience
#1
Oscar Arrogante, Eva Aparicio-Zaldivar
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the mediational role of resilience in relationships between burnout and health in critical care professionals; to determine relationships among resilience level, three burnout dimensions, and physical/mental health; and to establish demographic differences in psychological variables evaluated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: A total of 52 critical care professionals, mainly nurses, were recruited from an intensive care unit of Madrid (Spain)...
May 22, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539145/workplace-social-support-and-behavioral-health-prior-to-long-duration-spaceflight
#2
Charlene A Deming, Jennifer J Vasterling
INTRODUCTION: Preparation and training for long-duration spaceflight bring with them psychosocial stressors potentially affecting the well-being and performance of astronauts, before and during spaceflight. Social support from within the workplace may mitigate behavioral health concerns arising during the preflight period and enhance resiliency before and during extended missions. The purpose of this review was to evaluate evidence addressing the viability of workplace social support as a pre-mission countermeasure, specifically addressing: 1) the observed relationships between workplace social support and behavioral health; 2) perceived need, acceptability, and format preference for workplace social support among high-achievers; 3) potential barriers to delivery/receipt of workplace social support; 4) workplace social support interventions; and 5) delivery timeframe and anticipated duration of workplace social support countermeasure benefits...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538293/comparison-of-strength-levels-between-players-from-within-the-same-club-who-were-selected-vs-not-selected-to-play-in-the-grand-final-of-the-national-rugby-league-competition
#3
Daniel G Baker
Baker, DG. Comparison of strength levels between players from within the same club that were selected vs. not selected to play in the grand final of the National Rugby League competition. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1461-1467, 2017-A number of studies have established that higher levels of strength and power, tested at the end of the preseason, distinguish between playing level in professional rugby league. How this may impact the ability of players to get selected for final payoff games some 30 weeks later has not been fully investigated...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499564/socio-demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-posttraumatic-growth-among-korean-americans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-life-experiences
#4
Gyeong-Suk Jeon, So-Young Park, Kunsook S Bernstein
This study examined socio-demographic and psychological correlates of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Korean Americans (KAs) with traumatic life experiences. A total of 286 KAs were included. Being a woman or having a lower annual household income had positive associations with PTG, while having no religion had a negative association with it. In addition, praying and visiting a mental health professional for coping with stress or for psychological problems was positively associated with PTG. Higher resilience scores increased PTG, while depressive symptoms decreased it...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482767/the-impact-of-leadership-coaching-in-an-australian-healthcare-setting
#5
Anthony M Grant, Ingrid Studholme, Raj Verma, Lea Kirkwood, Bronwyn Paton, Sean O'Connor
Purpose There is limited empirical literature on the effectiveness of leadership coaching in healthcare settings. The purpose of this paper is to explore the efficacy of leadership coaching for individuals implementing strategic change in the Australian public health system. Design/methodology/approach Using a within-subjects (pre-post) design, participants ( n=31) undertook six one-hour coaching sessions. Coaching was conducted by professional leadership coaches. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481850/physician-burnout-and-well-being-a-systematic-review-and-framework-for-action
#6
David A Rothenberger
BACKGROUND: Physician burnout in the United States has reached epidemic proportions and is rising rapidly, although burnout in other occupations is stable. Its negative impact is far reaching and includes harm to the burned-out physician, as well as patients, coworkers, family members, close friends, and healthcare organizations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to provide an accurate, current summary of what is known about physician burnout and to develop a framework to reverse its current negative impact, decrease its prevalence, and implement effective organizational and personal interventions...
June 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471255/reducing-the-cost-of-caring-in-cancer-care-evaluation-of-a-pilot-interprofessional-compassion-fatigue-resiliency-programme
#7
Kathryn A Pfaff, Laurie Freeman-Gibb, Linda J Patrick, Rita DiBiase, Olivia Moretti
Compassion fatigue (CF) is a combination of secondary traumatic stress and burnout. Empathy becomes depleted among professional caregivers due to repeated exposure to emotional pain. Negative effects include decreased general wellbeing, impaired caregiver health and diminished team functioning. Intervention is needed to support caregiver quality of life and team relationships in high-stress work environments. This pilot study evaluated the impact of a pilot CF resiliency (CFR) programme on interprofessional staff at a regional cancer centre...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466116/cultural-sensitive-care-provision-in-a-public-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-centre-a-case-study-from-the-toulouse-university-hospital-intercultural-consultation
#8
Gesine Sturm, Sylvie Bonnet, Yolaine Coussot, Katja Journot, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Child and adolescent mental health services in Europe are confronted with children with increasingly diverse socio-cultural backgrounds. Clinicians encounter cultural environments of hyperdiversity in terms of languages and countries of origin, growing diversity within groups, and accelerated change with regards to social and administrational situations (Hannah, in: DelVecchio Good et al. (eds) Shattering culture: American medicine responds to cultural diversity, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, 2011). Children and families who live in these complex constellations face multiple vulnerabilizing factors related to overlapping or intersecting social identities (Crenshaw in Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139-167, 1989)...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458125/a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-interventions-outcomes-and-experiences-for-midwives-and-student-midwives-in-work-related-psychological-distress
#9
Sally Pezaro, Wendy Clyne, Emily A Fulton
BACKGROUND: within challenging work environments, midwives and student midwives can experience both organisational and occupational sources of work-related psychological distress. As the wellbeing of healthcare staff directly correlates with the quality of maternity care, this distress must be met with adequate support provision. As such, the identification and appraisal of interventions designed to support midwives and student midwives in work-related psychological distress will be important in the pursuit of excellence in maternity care...
April 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449223/the-impact-of-a-sibling-s-life-limiting-genetic-condition-on-adult-brothers-and-sisters
#10
Erica Brown, Jane Coad, Anita Franklin
It is estimated that rare diseases affect the lives of over three million people in the United Kingdom. Of these, a significant proportion are children and young people with genetic life-limiting or life-shortening conditions. This study used a qualitative approach with in-depth semi-structured interviews to explore the experiences of 10 adult siblings of a baby diagnosed with Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome) or Trisomy 18 (Edward syndrome). Findings illustrate that parental grief from the time of their child's diagnosis onward is also experienced by siblings...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439149/refinement-and-preliminary-testing-of-an-imagery-based-program-to-improve-coping-and-performance-and-prevent-trauma-among-urban-police-officers
#11
Eamonn Arble, Mark A Lumley, Nnamdi Pole, James Blessman, Bengt B Arnetz
Police officers are regularly exposed to traumatic critical incidents. The substantial mental, behavioral, and social costs of police trauma indicate a substantial need for prevention. We have refined and enhanced a previously tested Swedish program to the harsh conditions of U.S. inner cities. The program was designed to strengthen resilience during stressful encounters and teach methods of coping after exposure, thereby preventing the emergence of maladaptive symptoms and behaviors with adverse effects on professionalism...
March 2017: J Police Crim Psychol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436924/harnessing-the-promise-of-moral-distress-a-call-for-re-orientation
#12
Alisa Carse, Cynda Hylton Rushton
Despite over three decades of research into the sources and costs of what has become an "epidemic" of moral distress among healthcare professionals, spanning many clinical disciplines and roles, there has been little significant progress in effectively addressing moral distress. We believe the persistent sense of frustration, helplessness, and despair still dominating the clinical moral distress narrative signals a need for re-orientation in the way moral distress is understood and worked with. Most fundamentally, moral distress reveals moral investment and energy...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410972/fostering-resilience-among-mothers-under-stress-authentic%C3%A2-connections-groups-for-medical-professionals
#13
Suniya S Luthar, Alexandria Curlee, Susannah J Tye, Judith C Engelman, Cynthia M Stonnington
BACKGROUND: We report on effects of an intervention to foster resilience among professional women at high risk for stress and burnout: health care providers (physicians, PhD clinicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners) who are mothers. METHODS: Between February and November 2015, 40 mothers on staff at the Mayo Clinic, Arizona, were assigned randomly to either 1) 12 weekly 1-hour sessions of a structured, relational supportive intervention, the Authentic Connections Groups (n = 21) with protected time to attend sessions or to 2) 12 weekly hours of protected time to be used as desired (controls; n = 19)...
May 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403656/online-training-in-mind-body-therapies-different-doses-long-term-outcomes
#14
Kathi J Kemper, Nisha Rao, Gregg Gascon, John D Mahan
BACKGROUND: There is a high rate of burnout among health professionals, driving diverse attempts to promote resilience and well-being to counter this trend. The purpose of this project was to assess the dose-response relationship between the number of hours of online mind-body skills training for health professionals and relevant outcomes a year later. METHODS: Among 1438 registrants for online training (including up to 12 hours of training on mind-body practices) between December 2013 and November 2015, we analyzed responses from the first 10% who responded to an anonymous online survey between December 1, 2015 and February 1, 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376993/a-model-to-improve-preparedness-and-strategically-enhance-resiliency-at-a-community-level-the-garden-state-approach
#15
Rodric Bowman, Alexander Newman
This paper focuses on community resiliency planning in high-density areas, concentrating on balancing critical infrastructure recovery needs with real-life limitations in funding, and knowledge for how emergency management is done. A case study examines how a New Jersey government agency and state university were able to pilot a community resiliency concept in order to rapidly inject emergency management knowledge into a community that was affected by Superstorm Sandy. The lessons learned are intuitively understood by emergency planning professionals: preparing continuity of operations plans, conducting training and exercises, and mitigating risk for future disasters...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374961/emotional-labour-in-mental-health-nursing-an-integrative-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Karen-Leigh Edward, Gylo Hercelinskyj, Jo-Ann Giandinoto
Emotional labour is the effort consumed by suppressing one's own emotions to care for others effectively while also caring for oneself. Mental health nurses are required to engage in effective therapeutic interactions in emotionally-intense situations. The aim of the present integrative systematic review was to investigate the emotional labour of mental health work and how this manifested, the impacts, and the ways to mitigate these impacts. In June 2016, using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses methodology, a systematic search of the bibliographic databases was undertaken to identify relevant literature...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367385/defining-health-in-the-era-of-value-based-care-the-six-cs-of-health-and-healthcare
#17
REVIEW
Mark Warren
INTRODUCTION: While healthcare expenditure continues to increase overall health outcomes in the United States continue to be submarginal. The changes we make in our healthcare system need to be informed by a comprehensive and actionable definition of health that can unite patients, healthcare professionals, and policymakers. METHODS: A literature review across multiple disciplines was conducted to assess a broad range of factors associated with health and well-being and based on this literature review a novel definition of health was developed...
February 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363390/factors-associated-with-nursing-students-resilience-communication-skills-course-use-of-social-media-and-satisfaction-with-clinical-placement
#18
Warshawski Sigalit, Barnoy Sivia, Itzhaki Michal
The purpose of this study was to explore the (a) associations between students' personal and group resilience to their utilization of social networking platforms and formally taught communication skills, (b) students' personal and clinical characteristics that are related to personal and group resilience and the perceived helpfulness of communication course, and (c) factors that contribute to students' satisfaction with their clinical placement. Data were collected from 149 second year nursing students learning in a major university in the country of Israel with the use of a self-administered structured questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359165/testing-a-resilience-training-program-in-police-recruits
#19
Sandra L Ramey, Yelena Perkhounkova, Maria Hein, Nicole L Bohr, Amanda A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Stress from multiple sources is inherent in law enforcement. However, it is possible to modify responses to stress with resilience training that includes teaching techniques to modify emotional and physical responses to stress, interface with mental health professionals, and practice sessions to improve self-regulation of responses to stress including coherence, a measure of heart rate variability. A gap exists in the research, however, regarding evaluation of the duration of effects after the initial resilience training...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358243/professional-quality-of-life-and-changes-in-spirituality-among-vha-chaplains-a-mixed-methods-investigation
#20
Wesley H McCormick, Timothy D Carroll, Brett A Slagel, Kent D Drescher, Jason A Nieuwsma, Joseph M Currier
A mixed method design was implemented to examine the spirituality and emotional well-being of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) chaplains and how potential changes in spirituality and emotional well-being may affect their professional quality of life. Four distinct categories of changes emerged from the narrative statements of a nationally representative sample of 267 VHA chaplains: (1) positive changes (e.g., increased empathy), (2) negative changes (e.g., dysthymic mood, questioning religious beliefs), (3) combination of positive and negative changes, and (4) no change (e...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
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