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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641097/long-term-complications-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#1
REVIEW
Navneet S Majhail
The prevalence of autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors continues to increase. Among patients whose disease remains in remission for the first 2-5years after transplantation, it is estimated that approximately 80-90% will be alive over the subsequent 10years. However, the relative mortality rates of such patients continue to remain higher than those of their general population peers, with late complications contributing to significant long-term morbidity and mortality...
June 13, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635972/experiences-and-concerns-of-lesbian-gay-or-bisexual-survivors-of-colorectal-cancer
#2
Allyson Baughman, Melissa A Clark, Ulrike Boehmer
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To identify the experiences and needs of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) survivors of colorectal cancer (CRC) and to expand the current understanding of LGB survivorship by obtaining in-depth knowledge of survivorship among individuals with a cancer other than breast or prostate. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative, semistructured individual interviews via telephone.
. SETTING: Participants were recruited using social media, flyers, word of mouth, and contact with LGB and cancer organizations during a four-month period...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615000/-a-tribe-apart-sexuality-and-cancer-in-adolescence
#3
Nancy J Moules, Andrew Estefan, Catherine M Laing, Fiona Schulte, Gregory M T Guilcher, James C Field, Douglas Strother
This qualitative study employed hermeneutic phenomenology and narrative inquiry to examine the topic of sexuality and adolescents with cancer from the perspectives of survivors who had experienced cancer as adolescents. This investigation examined the potentially sensitive, disquieting, and often taboo issue of sexuality in the interest of optimizing wellness in young people, and, ultimately, in the health of adults. Understanding the adolescent body as a sensitive, sexual, and developing self can enrich our understanding of adolescent cancer and promote best health care and practices, examining ways that we might mitigate the long-term effects of arrested or delayed development of sexual identity...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610399/sexual-dysfunction-in-females-after-cancer-treatment-an-unresolved-issue
#4
Abhishek Shankar, Neelam Prasad, Shubham Roy, Abhijit Chakraborty, Aalekhya Sharma Biswas, Jaineet Patil, Goura Kishor Rath
Cancer besides being a leading cause of mortality also creates a myriad of morbidities in survivors whether treated or untreated. Among women surviving after gynecological malignancies sexual dysfunction is a morbidity unexplored in Indian context because of cultural barriers. With the increasing proportion of women surviving carcinoma of the cervix, quality of life has become an important clinical issue. Despite the immense distress it causes in patients, sexual dysfunction is neither screened nor treated in Indian scenario...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608151/quality-of-life-among-survivors-of-early-stage-cervical-cancer-in-taiwan-an-exploration-of-treatment-modality-differences
#5
Chia-Chun Li, Ting-Chang Chang, Yun-Fang Tsai, Lynn Chen
PURPOSE: Women with early-stage cervical cancer may experience changes in their quality of life (QoL) due to treatment or to the effects of the cancer. In this study, we examined differences in QoL by treatment modality between women who underwent surgery only and those treated with concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT). METHODS: The sample of 290 women had been diagnosed with stage I-II cervical cancer. Data were collected on these women's demographic and disease characteristics, general QoL, and cancer-specific QoL using an author-designed demographic-disease survey, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL questionnaire, and the Taiwanese-version Cervical Cancer Module 24 questionnaire, respectively...
June 12, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605222/supporting-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-oncology-provider-perceptions-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-unmet-needs
#6
Anne C Kirchhoff, Brynn Fowler, Echo L Warner, Samantha T Pannier, Douglas Fair, Holly Spraker-Perlman, Jeff Yancey, Brad Bott, Carolyn Reynolds, R Lor Randall
Few studies have assessed oncology providers' perceptions of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients' unmet needs. In this statewide survey (N = 91), we found that most providers recognize the financial, insurance, and late effects needs of their AYA cancer patients. However, employment, education, behavioral health, sexuality, and social and family issues were endorsed by less than half of providers as areas where AYAs needed assistance. Few providers felt that their AYA cancer patients had unmet needs for these same concerns...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604441/increasing-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-coverage-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-national-hiv-behavioral-surveillance-united-states-2014
#7
Sara E Oliver, Brooke E Hoots, Gabriela Paz-Bailey, Lauri E Markowitz, Elissa Meites
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause oropharyngeal and anogenital cancers among men who have sex with men (MSM). In 2011, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) extended HPV vaccine recommendations to males through age 21 and MSM through age 26. Because of this distinction, vaccination for some MSM might rely on sexual behavior disclosure to health care providers. Receipt of ≥1 HPV vaccination among MSM aged 18-26 in National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) was 4...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602465/the-management-of-sexuality-intimacy-and-menopause-symptoms-sims-after-prophylactic-bilateral-salpingo-oophorectomy-how-to-maintain-sexual-health-in-previvors
#8
REVIEW
Mehida Alexandre, Jonathan Black, Margaret Whicker, Mary Jane Minkin, Elena Ratner
"Previvors", or "pre-survivors", are individuals who do not have cancer but have a genetic predisposition to cancer. One such example is women with BRCA mutations. As a result of their predisposition to cancer, many will undergo a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy when they are premenopausal. For premenopausal women, the removal of ovaries results in the depletion of estrogen, immediate menopause, and, in many cases, resultant Sexuality, Intimacy, and Menopausal Symptoms (SIMS). Furthermore, they may undergo changes in body image...
June 3, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596070/sm%C3%A2-sm-the-interface-of-systems-medicine-and-sexual-medicine-for-facing-non-communicable-diseases-in-a-gender-dependent-manner
#9
REVIEW
Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Complex non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cancer, cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disorders, are major causes of morbidity and mortality globally. The complexity of NCDs requires innovative, integrated, and interdisciplinary approaches for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention by adopting the new paradigm called systems medicine. A growing body of evidence suggests that sexual dysfunction in general and erectile and lubrication dysfunctions in particular are, in a sex-dependent manner, efficient predictors of overall systemic well-being...
June 5, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591548/uk-healthcare-professionals
#10
Tom Nadarzynski, Carrie Llewellyn, Daniel Richardson, Alex Pollard, Helen Smith
Background: Female-only human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination will fail to protect men who have sex with men (MSM) against HPV and its sequelae (i.e. genital warts and anal cancers). In the absence of gender-neutral HPV vaccination, targeted vaccination at sexual health clinics for MSM offers a valuable preventive opportunity. This study aimed to identify sexual healthcare professionals' (HCPs) perceived barriers and facilitators for MSM-targeted HPV vaccination. Methods: Nineteen telephone interviews with UK-based self-referred HCPs (13 doctors, three nurses, three health advisers) were conducted in October and November 2014...
June 8, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589730/variation-in-genital-human-papillomavirus-infection-prevalence-and-vaccination-coverage-among-men-and-women-in-the-usa
#11
Jasmine J Han, Christopher M Tarney, John Song
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection that causes majority of anogenital and oropharyngeal cancers. Prophylactic HPV vaccine is available for the primary prevention of cancer and HPV transmission. Here, we are going to discuss the variation of HPV prevalence, HPV vaccination coverage and potential risk factors of men and women, retrieved from the cross-sectional study of the National Health Nutrition Examination Survey, a representative sample of noninstitutionalized, civilian residents in the USA...
June 7, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589133/comparisons-of-quality-of-life-and-functional-and-oncological-outcomes-after-orthotopic-neobladder-reconstruction-prostate-sparing-cystectomy-versus-conventional-radical-cystoprostatectomy
#12
Po Yen Chen, Po Hui Chiang
OBJECTIVES: To compare health-related quality of life and oncological and functional outcomes on erectile function, continence, and voiding function among bladder patients who underwent orthotopic neobladder reconstruction after prostate-sparing cystectomy (PSC) and conventional radical cystoprostatectomy (CRC). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study from a single surgeon. During 2007 to 2015, we identified 25 of 186 male patients receiving radical cystectomies due to bladder cancer who underwent orthotopic neobladder reconstruction, 14 patients with PSC and the other 11 patients with CRC...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588958/women-s-health-a-new-global-agenda
#13
Sanne A E Peters, Mark Woodward, Vivekanand Jha, Stephen Kennedy, Robyn Norton
Global efforts to improve the health of women largely focus on improving sexual and reproductive health. However, the global burden of disease has changed significantly over the past decades. Currently, the greatest burden of death and disability among women is attributable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), most notably cardiovascular diseases, cancers, respiratory diseases, diabetes, dementia, depression and musculoskeletal disorders. Hence, to improve the health of women most efficiently, adequate resources need to be allocated to the prevention, management and treatment of NCDs in women...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581398/ascende-rt-an-analysis-of-health-related-quality-of-life-for-a-randomized-trial-comparing-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy-boost-with-dose-escalated-external-beam-boost-for-high-and-intermediate-risk-prostate-cancer
#14
Sree Rodda, W James Morris, Jeremy Hamm, Graeme Duncan
PURPOSE: To report the patient-reported health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) outcomes for a multicenter randomized trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of 2 different techniques for dose escalation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 357 men with intermediate- and high-risk prostate cancer were stratified by risk group and randomized (1:1) to either a dose-escalated external beam (DE-EBRT) boost (n=177) or a low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy (LDR-PB) boost (n=180) as part of combined modality therapy...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562264/adult-consequences-of-self-limited-delayed-puberty
#15
REVIEW
Jia Zhu, Yee-Ming Chan
Delayed puberty is a common condition defined as the lack of sexual maturation by an age ≥2 SD above the population mean. In the absence of an identified underlying cause, the condition is usually self-limited. Although self-limited delayed puberty is largely believed to be a benign developmental variant with no long-term consequences, several studies have suggested that delayed puberty may in fact have both harmful and protective effects on various adult health outcomes. In particular, height and bone mineral density have been shown to be compromised in some studies of adults with a history of delayed puberty...
May 18, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560840/long-term-quality-of-life-after-definitive-treatment-for-prostate-cancer-patient-reported-outcomes-in-the-second-posttreatment-decade
#16
Joanne W Jang, Michael R Drumm, Jason A Efstathiou, Jonathan J Paly, Andrzej Niemierko, Marek Ancukiewicz, James A Talcott, Jack A Clark, Anthony L Zietman
Definitive treatment for prostate cancer includes radical prostatectomy (RP), external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), and brachytherapy (BT). The different side effect profiles of these options are crucial factors for patients and clinicians when deciding between treatments. This study reports long-term health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for patients in their second decade after treatment for prostate cancer. We used a validated survey to assess urinary, bowel, and sexual function and HRQOL in a prospective cohort of patients diagnosed with localized prostate cancer 14-18 years previously...
May 31, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551842/psychometric-testing-of-the-mandarin-version-of-the-34-item-short-form-supportive-care-needs-survey-in-patients-with-cancer-in-mainland-china
#17
Yuan Han, Ying Zhou, Jing Wang, Qian Zhao, Huiying Qin, Yuying Fan, Yalan Song, Allison Boyes, Shuzhong Cui
PURPOSE: Although the Supportive Care Needs Survey is one of the most comprehensive and robust cancer-specific needs assessment instruments, no version exists specifically for cancer patients in mainland China. This study tested the psychometric properties of the Mandarin version of the 34-item Short-Form Supportive Care Needs Survey (SCNS-SF34-C (Mandarin)) in mainland Chinese cancer patients. METHODS: From December 2015 to May 2016, patients were recruited from two cancer centers in Guangzhou, China, to complete the SCNS-SF34-C (Mandarin)...
May 27, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551770/quality-of-life-following-prophylactic-gynecological-surgery-experiences-of-female-lynch-mutation-carriers
#18
Holly Etchegary, Elizabeth Dicks, Laura Tamutis, Lesa Dawson
Lynch syndrome (LS) is a genetic condition conferring an elevated risk of gastrointestinal, gynecologic and other malignancies, often before the age of 50. Current guidelines recommend prophylactic gynecologic surgery to manage inherited cancers for female mutation carriers. Data is lacking on women's quality of life following surgery. In this pilot study, we explored how women described their quality of life post-prophylactic gynecologic surgery and the factors that affected post-surgery experiences. A qualitative interview study was the chosen design...
May 27, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549381/cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-mountainous-honduras-knowledge-attitudes-and-barriers
#19
Rachel J Pryor, Nadia Masroor, Michael Stevens, Kakotan Sanogo, Pedro José Hernández O'Hagan, Gonzalo Bearman
INTRODUCTION: Because cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in Honduras, this study assessed knowledge, attitudes and barriers to cervical cancer screening services by Papanicolaou smear (pap smear) for women in rural, remote Honduras served by Virginia Commonwealth University's Global Health and Health Disparities Program (GH2DP). METHODS: Two interviewers administered an institutional review board approved, 20 question survey by convenience sample methodology to adult female patients visiting GH2DP clinics in June 2014...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547655/sexual-health-needs-and-educational-intervention-preferences-for-women-with-cancer
#20
Cara Stabile, Shari Goldfarb, Raymond E Baser, Deborah J Goldfrank, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Richard R Barakat, Maura N Dickler, Jeanne Carter
PURPOSE: To assess sexual/vaginal health issues and educational intervention preferences in women with a history of breast or gynecologic cancer. METHODS: Patients/survivors completed a cross-sectional survey at their outpatient visits. Main outcome measures were sexual dysfunction prevalence, type of sexual/vaginal issues, awareness of treatments, and preferred intervention modalities. Descriptive frequencies were performed, and results were dichotomized by age, treatment status, and disease site...
May 25, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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