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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437283/dilator-use-after-vaginal-brachytherapy-for-endometrial-cancer-a-randomized-feasibility-and-adherence-study
#1
Alexandra Hanlon, William Small, Jonathan Strauss, Lilie L Lin, Laura Hanisch, Liming Huang, Jinbing Bai, Jessica Wells, Deborah Watkins Bruner
BACKGROUND: Vaginal brachytherapy, a common treatment of endometrial cancer, is associated with high rates of vaginal stenosis. Recommendations for vaginal dilator use to minimize stenosis generally include 3 times per week for approximately 10 minutes per use. However, adherence rates range widely and are generally well less than 50%. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess feasibility of recruitment to a study of dilator use and test a theoretically driven enhanced educational program (EEP) to increase adherence...
April 21, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437239/tprevalence-of-hpv-in-adults-aged-18-69-united-states-2011-2014
#2
Geraldine McQuillan, Deanna Kruszon-Moran, Lauri E Markowitz, Elizabeth R Unger, Ryne Paulose-Ram
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● During 2011-2014, prevalence of any oral human papillomavirus (HPV) for adults aged 18-69 was 7.3%; high-risk HPV was 4.0%. ● Overall, prevalence of any and high-risk oral HPV was lowest among non-Hispanic Asian adults; any oral HPV was highest among non-Hispanic black adults. ● Prevalence of any and high-risk oral HPV was higher in men than women except for high-risk HPV among Asian adults. ● During 2013-2014, prevalence of any and high-risk genital HPV for adults aged 18-59 was 45...
April 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437031/patient-reported-outcome-pro-questionnaires-for-men-who-have-radical-surgery-for-prostate-cancer-a-conceptual-review-of-existing-instruments
#3
REVIEW
Evangelia Protopapa, Jan van der Meulen, Caroline M Moore, Sarah C Smith
OBJECTIVES: To critically review conceptual frameworks for available patient reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires in men having radical prostatectomy; psychometrically evaluate each questionnaire; identify whether each is appropriate for use at the level of the individual patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, the Reports and Publications database of the University of Oxford Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Group and the website of the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) for psychometric reviews of prostate cancer specific PRO questionnaires...
April 24, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425193/health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-from-a-contemporary-prostate-cancer-registry-in-a-large-diverse-population
#4
Gary W Chien, Jeff M Slezak, Teresa N Harrison, Howard Jung, Joy S Gelfond, Chengyi Zhang, Edward Wu, Richard Contreras, Ronald K Loo, Steven J Jacobsen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with prostate cancer up to 24 months after treatment in a contemporary large diverse population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer from March 2011 to January 2014 in our healthcare system were included. The Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC-26) questionnaire was administered before treatment, and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after treatment up to November 2014 for all methods of treatment...
April 19, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424832/setting-up-a-community-based-cervical-screening-service-in-a-low-income-country-a-pilot-study-from-north-western-tanzania
#5
Nestory Masalu, Patrizia Serra, Dino Amadori, Jackson Kahima, Charles Majinge, Joyce Rwehabura, Oriana Nanni, Sara Bravaccini, Maurizio Puccetti, Rosario Tumino, Lauro Bucchi
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of a pilot study for a service for cervical cancer screening and diagnosis in north-western Tanzania. METHODS: The pilot study was launched in 2012 after a community-level information campaign. Women aged 15-64 years were encouraged to attend the district health centres. Attendees were offered a conventional Pap smear and a visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA). RESULTS: The first 2500 women were evaluated...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420907/effectiveness-of-health-education-programme-level-of-knowledge-about-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-among-saudi-female-healthcare-students
#6
Ghadeer Khaled Al-Shaikh, Sadiqa Badar Syed, Amel Ahmed Fayed, Reem Ali Al-Shaikh, Eman Mohammed Al-Mussaed, Farida Habib Khan, Hala Nasser Elmorshedy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of health education programme on the knowledge of human papilloma virus among female medical students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2014 at the Princess Nourah bint Abulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and comprised female medical students. An intervention programme was implemented in the form of lectures, videos, posters, etc. on human papillomavirus. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412777/how-to-address-sexual-problems-in-female-cancer-patients
#7
Eleonora P Preti, Fabio Landoni, Nicoletta Colombo, Don S Dizon
Sexual health is an important aspect of human life, and cancer does not (and should not) change that. Data suggest that issues related to sexual function are quite common among women treated for cancer. However, clinicians often spend little to no time on the topic. This article provides a concise summary on the importance of sexual health among women treated for cancer, as well as an approach that general cancer clinicians can adopt in order to normalize sexual health issues for their patients. Finally, we provide an overview of sexual health therapeutics available in the United States and in Europe...
April 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411144/management-of-sexuality-intimacy-and-menopause-symptoms-sims-in-ovarian-cancer-patients-expert-review
#8
REVIEW
Margaret Whicker, Jonathan Black, Gary Altwerger, Gulden Menderes, Jacqueline Feinberg, Elena Ratner
Issues of sexuality, intimacy, and early menopause significantly impact the quality of life of patients following the diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer. These are undertreated problems. Successful treatment requires the provider's awareness of the problem, ability to identify it, and willingness to treat it. Unfortunately many providers do not address these issues in the pre-treatment or perioperative period. Furthermore, patients do not often alert their providers to their symptoms. While systemic hormone therapy may improve many of the issues, they are not appropriate for all patients given their action on estrogen receptors...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410756/perioperative-sexual-interest-in-women-with-suspected-gynecologic-malignancies
#9
C Emi Bretschneider, Jeannette T Bensen, Elizabeth J Geller, Paola A Gehrig, Jennifer M Wu, Kemi M Doll
OBJECTIVES: For women with gynecologic cancer, the impact of surgery on sexual interest and desire in the immediate and later postoperative period is not well characterized. The objective of this study was to report the perioperative trends of changing sexual interest and desire in a cohort of women undergoing surgery for suspected gynecologic malignancies. METHODS: This is an ancillary analysis of a cohort study analyzing health-related outcomes in women who underwent primary surgical management of a suspected gynecologic malignancy between 10/2013 and 10/2014...
April 12, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409676/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-persistent-infection-of-asymptomatic-women-with-high-risk-human-papilloma-virus
#10
Nianmin Shi, Qiang Lu, Jiao Zhang, Li Li, Junnan Zhang, Fanglei Zhang, Yanhong Dong, Xinyue Zhang, Zheng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to prevent persistent infection, reduce the incidence of cervical cancer, and improve women's health by understanding the theoretical basis of the risk factors for continuous infection of asymptomatic women with high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) strains via information collected, which includes the persistent infection rate and the most prevalent HPV strain types of high risk to asymptomatic women in the high-risk area of cervical cancer in Linfen, Shanxi Province...
April 14, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409331/igf-1-has-sexually-dimorphic-pleiotropic-and-time-dependent-effects-on-healthspan-pathology-and-lifespan
#11
Nicole M Ashpole, Sreemathi Logan, Andriy Yabluchanskiy, Matthew C Mitschelen, Han Yan, Julie A Farley, Erik L Hodges, Zoltan Ungvari, Anna Csiszar, Sixia Chen, Constantin Georgescu, Gene B Hubbard, Yuji Ikeno, William E Sonntag
Reduced circulating levels of IGF-1 have been proposed as a conserved anti-aging mechanism that contributes to increased lifespan in diverse experimental models. However, IGF-1 has also been shown to be essential for normal development and the maintenance of tissue function late into the lifespan. These disparate findings suggest that IGF-1 may be a pleiotropic modulator of health and aging, as reductions in IGF-1 may be beneficial for one aspect of aging, but detrimental for another. We postulated that the effects of IGF-1 on tissue health and function in advanced age are dependent on the tissue, the sex of the animal, and the age at which IGF-1 is manipulated...
April 13, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398024/gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-analogues-for-the-prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-premature-ovarian-failure-in-breast-cancer-patients
#12
Benedetta Conte, Lucia Del Mastro
Since the survival of patients with cancer has significantly improved, chemotherapy-related premature ovarian failure (POF) in young cancer survivors has become a major issue in oncology. POF is associated with several health-related negative consequences, including menopausal symptoms, increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, sexual disfunction, and infertility1-5. According to the major international guidelines, embryo/oocyte cryopreservation are the standard procedures for fertility preservation in young cancer women6,7...
April 10, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396210/hpv-vaccine-awareness-and-the-association-of-trust-in-cancer-information-from-physicians-among-males
#13
Dexter L Cooper, Natalie D Hernandez, Latrice Rollins, Tabia Henry Akintobi, Calvin McAllister
INTRODUCTION: Black and Hispanic men are diagnosed with more HPV-related cancers and at later stages compared to other racial/ethnic groups. Physician communication with men about HPV vaccination may be beneficial to increasing HPV vaccinations and decreasing HPV transmission. The purpose of this study was to examine HPV and HPV vaccine awareness among men by race, and the association between trust in cancer information from physicians and ever hearing about HPV and the HPV vaccine. METHODS: U...
May 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393294/improving-hpv-vaccination-through-a-diverse-multi-state-coalition
#14
Echo L Warner, Brynn Fowler, Laura Martel, Deanna Kepka
PURPOSE: Rural and highly religious Intermountain West states demonstrate low levels of HPV vaccination uptake. The Intermountain West HPV Vaccination Coalition (IWHVC) was formed to improve HPV vaccination by enhancing collaborations between cancer centers, health departments, health clinics, religious groups, and community organizations. Coalition members' perceptions and experiences are described within. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was distributed to the IWHVC...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382781/heteronormativity-and-prostate-cancer-a-discursive-paper
#15
Daniel Kelly, Dikaios Sakellariou, Sarah Fry, Sofia Vougioukalou
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To discuss the risks that heteronormative assumptions play in prostate cancer care and how these may be addressed. BACKGROUND: There is international evidence to support the case that LGBT cancer patients are less likely to report poor health or self-disclose sexual orientation. Gender-specific cancers, such as prostate cancer, require particular interventions in terms of supportive care. These may include advice about side-effect management (such as incontinence or erectile dysfunction), treatment choices and social and emotional issues...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379852/unmet-supportive-care-needs-of-men-with-locally-advanced-and-metastatic-prostate-cancer-on-hormonal-treatment-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Catherine Paterson, Sławomir Grzegorz Kata, Ghulam Nandwani, Debi Das Chaudhury, Ghulam Nabi
BACKGROUND: Men affected by prostate cancer who are undergoing hormone therapy can endure a range of symptoms that can adversely affect quality of life. Little research has been conducted to date, to understand the specific unmet supportive care needs of this patient group within the context of current service delivery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of unmet supportive care needs of men affected by prostate cancer on hormone therapy in the United Kingdom...
April 4, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379660/quality-of-life-after-post-prostatectomy-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-to-the-prostate-bed-with-or-without-the-use-of-gold-fiducial-markers-for-image-guidance-or-higher-total-radiotherapy-doses
#17
Yazan A Abuodeh, Arash O Naghavi, Tzu-Hua Juan, Zhenjun Ma, Richard B Wilder
PURPOSE: To evaluate quality of life (QoL) after post-prostatectomy intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in the "adjuvant" setting starting within 4 months of radical prostatectomy for adverse features; and "salvage" setting for a PSA≥0.2ng/mL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 130 patients who underwent IMRT to the prostate bed±gold fiducial marker placement for image guidance to 64.8-72.0Gy (median, 70.2Gy) between 2004 and 2013. Higher doses were defined as 70...
April 6, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377136/perceptions-and-practices-regarding-women-s-vaginal-health-following-radiation-therapy-a-survey-of-radiation-oncologists-practicing-in-the-united-states
#18
Lisa A Kachnic, Deborah W Bruner, Muhammad M Qureshi, Gregory A Russo
PURPOSE: Vaginal stenosis (VS) is a recognized complication of pelvic and vaginal radiation therapy (RT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A 26-item survey assessing the signs/symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and impact of VS on women's sexual health was distributed to radiation oncologists. Descriptive statistics were calculated. Chi-square tests examined differences in categorical responses. RESULTS: A total of 233 (10.5%) participants completed the entire survey...
February 14, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370199/anterior-intercostal-artery-perforator-flap-in-immediate-breast-reconstruction-anatomical-study-and-clinical-application
#19
Cristian Carrasco-López, Juan Francisco Julian Ibañez, Jordi Vilà, Miguel Angel Luna Tomás, Jordi Navinés López, Iciar Pascual Miguel, Jaime Fernandez-Llamazares-Rodriguez, Carmen Higueras-Suñe
BACKGROUND: Although the use of lateral intercostal artery perforator (ICAP) flaps for immediate breast reconstruction has been widely described, data on the use of the anterior ICAP (AICAP) flaps for this indication are limited. In this context, we describe the results of anatomical study and our clinical experience with AICAP flaps for breast reconstruction. METHODS: In this study, the location and characteristics of the AICAPs were dissected in 12 female adult formalin-preserved hemitrunks and two fresh-frozen cadavers...
March 28, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369566/providing-written-information-increases-patient-satisfaction-a-web-based-questionnaire-survey-of-japanese-cancer-survivors
#20
Hitomi Sakai, Noriyuki Katsumata, Miyako Takahashi
Purpose: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the United States recommends that all cancer survivors be provided with a survivorship care plan (SCP), which includes a patient treatment summary and a follow-up care plan. However, SCPs have not been widely adopted in Japan. To provide basic data necessary for implementing SCPs in Japan, we aimed to investigate the forms of clinical and survivorship-related information that Japanese cancer survivors receive from their healthcare providers, and to examine whether written information increases their satisfaction...
March 23, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
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