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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342935/interpreting-patient-reported-urinary-and-sexual-function-outcomes-across-multiple-validated-instruments
#1
Emily A Vertosick, Andrew J Vickers, Janet E Cowan, Jeanette M Broering, Peter R Carroll, Matthew R Cooperberg
INTRODUCTION: Comparing patient-reported outcomes such as urinary and erectile function across institutions is critical for prostate cancer research and quality assurance. Such comparisons are complicated by the use of different questionnaires. We aimed to develop a method to convert scores between four commonly used instruments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient-reported data on urinary and sexual function were collected from 1,284 men with localized prostate cancer using the Expanded Prostate Index Composite (EPIC-26), UCLA Prostate Cancer Index (PCI), Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) and International Prostate Symptom Scale (IPSS) questionnaires...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334962/exposure-to-fictional-medical-television-and-health-a-systematic-review
#2
Beth L Hoffman, Ariel Shensa, Charles Wessel, Robert Hoffman, Brian A Primack
Fictional medical television programs have long been a staple of television programming, and they remain popular today. We aimed to examine published literature assessing the influence of medical television programs on health outcomes. We conducted systematic literature searches in PubMed, PsychINFO and CINAHL. Selected studies had to be scholarly research, to involve exposure to fictionalized medical television programming, and to assess associations between exposures and outcomes. Of 3541 unique studies identified, nineteen met selection criteria...
March 14, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333214/-forever-young-%C3%A2-testosterone-replacement-therapy-a-blockbuster-drug-despite-flabby-evidence-and-broken-promises
#3
Andrea Busnelli, Edgardo Somigliana, Paolo Vercellini
In the last decade, testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) has been increasingly prescribed to treat a controversial condition known as 'late-onset hypogonadism (LOH)'. This syndrome is diagnosed in men who, for no discernible reason other than older age, obesity or ill health have serum testosterone concentrations below the normal range for healthy young men and report one or more of the following symptoms: muscle weakness or wasting, mood, behaviour and cognition-related symptoms and sexual function or libido impairment...
February 23, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332774/changing-hpv-vaccination-rates-in-bisexual-and-lesbian-women
#4
Carolee Polek, Thomas Hardie
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates continue to be below national targets for women and lower in some sexual minorities. HPV is a primary causal agent in cervical cancer, from which members of the lesbian and bisexual community mistakenly believe they are at low risk. This study characterized rates of HPV vaccination in women based on their sexual orientation. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Health Interview Survey 2013-2014...
March 23, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324093/association-between-radiation-therapy-surgery-or-observation-for-localized-prostate-cancer-and-patient-reported-outcomes-after-3-years
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Daniel A Barocas, JoAnn Alvarez, Matthew J Resnick, Tatsuki Koyama, Karen E Hoffman, Mark D Tyson, Ralph Conwill, Dan McCollum, Matthew R Cooperberg, Michael Goodman, Sheldon Greenfield, Ann S Hamilton, Mia Hashibe, Sherrie H Kaplan, Lisa E Paddock, Antoinette M Stroup, Xiao-Cheng Wu, David F Penson
Importance: Understanding the adverse effects of contemporary approaches to localized prostate cancer treatment could inform shared decision making. Objective: To compare functional outcomes and adverse effects associated with radical prostatectomy, external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), and active surveillance. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective, population-based, cohort study involving 2550 men (≤80 years) diagnosed in 2011-2012 with clinical stage cT1-2, localized prostate cancer, with prostate-specific antigen levels less than 50 ng/mL, and enrolled within 6 months of diagnosis...
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301790/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-and-genital-warts-in-young-indigenous-australians-national-sentinel-surveillance-data
#6
Hammad Ali, Hamish McManus, Catherine C O'Connor, Denton Callander, Marlene Kong, Simon Graham, Dina Saulo, Christopher K Fairley, David G Regan, Andrew Grulich, Nicola Low, Rebecca J Guy, Basil Donovan
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of the national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program (available to girls and women [12-26 years] since 2007 and to boys [12-15 years] since 2013) on the number of diagnoses of genital warts in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) people. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Analysis of routinely collected data from patients attending 39 sexual health clinics (SHCs) in the Genital Warts Surveillance Network for the first time...
March 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292448/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-update
#7
REVIEW
Diane R Blake, Amy B Middleman
Rates of cancers attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) are rising. A safe and extremely effective vaccine is available to prevent many of these cancers. Studies have shown that health care providers' recommendation to immunize is the most important factor in parents' decision. Parents of all adolescent boys and girls should receive a strong and unequivocal recommendation to vaccinate their child against HPV at the 11- or 12-year-old well child visit. Ideally, adolescents complete their HPV vaccine series by their 13th birthday, leading to greater immune response and protection before most adolescents are exposed to sexually transmitted HPV...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290645/preventive-health-care-for-women-who-have-sex-with-women
#8
Daniel A Knight, Diane Jarrett
Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who have sex with women may be at disproportionate risk of obesity, tobacco use, substance use, mental health issues, intimate partner violence, sexually transmitted infections, and some cancers. Disparities can exist throughout the lifetime...
March 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283466/comparison-of-different-recruitment-methods-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-research-social-media-based-versus-conventional-methods
#9
Yoko Motoki, Etsuko Miyagi, Masataka Taguri, Mikiko Asai-Sato, Takayuki Enomoto, John Dennis Wark, Suzanne Marie Garland
BACKGROUND: Prior research about the sexual and reproductive health of young women has relied mostly on self-reported survey studies. Thus, participant recruitment using Web-based methods can improve sexual and reproductive health research about cervical cancer prevention. In our prior study, we reported that Facebook is a promising way to reach young women for sexual and reproductive health research. However, it remains unknown whether Web-based or other conventional recruitment methods (ie, face-to-face or flyer distribution) yield comparable survey responses from similar participants...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282307/health-related-quality-of-life-after-the-diagnosis-of-locally-advanced-or-advanced-prostate-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Leah Zajdlewicz, Melissa K Hyde, Stephen J Lepore, Robert A Gardiner, Suzanne K Chambers
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer present with locally advanced or advanced disease. Few studies consider longer-term impact of disease progression and treatment adverse effects on health-related quality of life (QoL) of these men. OBJECTIVE: Describe changes in health-related QoL over 5 years for men with newly diagnosed locally advanced or advanced prostate cancer. INTERVENTIONS/METHODS: Eighty-one men with locally advanced or advanced prostate cancer referred to the study by their treating urologist completed a self-administered questionnaire assessing distress, cancer-specific distress, decision regret, satisfaction with life, and global and disease-specific health-related QoL...
March 10, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277236/-we-ve-been-together-we-don-t-have-it-we-re-fine-how-relationship-status-impacts-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-behavior-among-young-adult-women
#11
Erika L Thompson, Cheryl A Vamos, Diane M Straub, William M Sappenfield, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV) has the potential to significantly reduce morbidity and mortality associated with genital warts and HPV-related cancers. However, HPV vaccination rates continue to be suboptimal among the "catch-up" population of 18- to 26-year-old women. One consistent risk factor for nonvaccination is being in a relationship. This study aimed to understand how relationship status and vaccination status impact risk perceptions and perceived need for the HPV vaccine among young adult women...
October 27, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277141/local-hormone-therapy-for-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause-in-breast-cancer-patients-is-it-safe
#12
María Fernanda Garrido Oyarzún, Camil Castelo-Branco
The genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) is a frequent complaint among breast cancer (BC) survivors that lead to an important affection of their quality of life (QoL). Lifestyle measures such as smoking cessation or regular sexual activity are usually insufficient to significantly improve GMS and although therapies such as lubricants and polycarbophil moisturized gels are considered first-line therapies to alleviate symptoms of vulvovaginal atrophy, these non-hormonal options are not able to reverse atrophy once it occurs...
February 21, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276853/worsening-of-rest-activity-circadian-rhythm-and-quality-of-life-in-female-breast-cancer-patients-along-progression-of-chemotherapy-cycles
#13
Armiya Sultan, Vivek Choudhary, Arti Parganiha
Chemotherapy and its associated side effects can induce the disruption of circadian rest-activity rhythm and may have negative consequences on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of cancer patients. In the current study, repeated-measures cross-sectional design was implemented to determine the status of circadian rest-activity rhythm and to assess the HRQoL of newly diagnosed female breast cancer patients those were planned to receive six cycles of chemotherapy. Rest activity and HRQoL were assessed in twenty-five patients during chemotherapy cycles 1st (C1), 3rd (C3), and 6th (C6) immediately after they reported to the outdoor ward of the Regional Cancer Center, Pt...
February 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268037/sexual-health-after-breast-cancer-recommendations-from-the-spanish-menopause-society-federaci%C3%A3-n-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-sociedades-de-sexolog%C3%A3-a-sociedad-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-m%C3%A3-dicos-de-atenci%C3%A3-n-primaria-and-sociedad-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-oncolog%C3%A3-a-m%C3%A3-dica
#14
REVIEW
Nicolás Mendoza, Francisca Molero, Fermín Criado, Mª Jesús Cornellana, Encarna González
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. As survival rates are increasing, the long-term health problems of survivors now need attention. Many survivors develop sexual disorders as a consequence of either the side-effects of treatment or induced menopause. A panel of experts from various Spanish scientific societies (Spanish Menopause Society, SMS; Federación Española de Sociedades de Sexología, FESS; Sociedad Española de Médicos de Atención Primaria, SEMERGEN; and Sociedad Española de Oncología Médica) met to develop recommendations for the management of sexual health in breast cancer survivors based on the best evidence available...
February 20, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248528/women-s-health-care-the-experiences-and-behaviors-of-rural-and-urban-lesbians-in-the-usa
#15
K Nikki Barefoot, Jacob C Warren, K Bryant Smalley
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has consistently demonstrated that, in comparison to their cisgender heterosexual counterparts, lesbians face a multitude of women's healthcare-related disparities. However, very little research has been conducted that takes an intersectionality approach to examining the potential influences of rural-urban location on the health-related needs and experiences of lesbians. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively compare rural and urban lesbians' access to women's health care, experiences with women's healthcare providers (WHCPs), and preventive behavior using a large, diverse sample of lesbians from across the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242969/socio-demographic-reproductive-and-clinical-profile-of-women-diagnosed-with-advanced-cervical-cancer-in-a-tertiary-care-institute-of-delhi
#16
Neha Dahiya, Damodar Bachani, Anita S Acharya, D N Sharma, Subhash Gupta, K P Haresh
INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer is one of the leading cancers among Indian women with estimated 123,000 new cases and 67,477 deaths in 2012. Cervical cancer is a multi-etiological disease. Factors such as low socioeconomic status, tobacco use, sexual and reproductive factors, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases and long-term oral contraceptive use have been suggested as determinants. Assessment of socio-demographic profile and reproductive history gives a better picture of the determinants of cervical carcinoma in low-resource settings...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240966/efficacy-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-improving-sexual-functioning-of-breast-cancer-survivors-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Susanna B Hummel, Jacques J D M van Lankveld, Hester S A Oldenburg, Daniela E E Hahn, Jacobien M Kieffer, Miranda A Gerritsma, Marianne A Kuenen, Nina Bijker, Paul J Borgstein, Gijsbert Heuff, Alexander M F Lopes Cardozo, Peter W Plaisier, Herman Rijna, Suzan van der Meij, Eric J van Dulken, Bart C Vrouenraets, Eva Broomans, Neil K Aaronson
Purpose We evaluated the effect of Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on sexual functioning and relationship intimacy (primary outcomes) and body image, menopausal symptoms, marital functioning, psychological distress, and health-related quality of life (secondary outcomes) in breast cancer survivors (BCSs) with a DSM-IV diagnosis of a sexual dysfunction. Patients and Methods We randomly assigned 169 BCSs to either Internet-based CBT or a waiting-list control group. The CBT consisted of weekly therapist-guided sessions, with a maximum duration of 24 weeks...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239936/the-cancer-care-experiences-of-gay-lesbian-and-bisexual-patients-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-the-uk-cancer-patient-experience-survey
#18
N J Hulbert-Williams, C O Plumpton, P Flowers, R McHugh, R D Neal, J Semlyen, L Storey
Understanding the effects of population diversity on cancer-related experiences is a priority in oncology care. Previous research demonstrates inequalities arising from variation in age, gender and ethnicity. Inequalities and sexual orientation remain underexplored. Here, we report, for the first time in the UK, a quantitative secondary analysis of the 2013 UK National Cancer Patient Experience Survey which contains 70 questions on specific aspects of care, and six on overall care experiences. 68,737 individuals responded, of whom 0...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224100/early-infant-male-circumcision-systematic-review-risk-benefit-analysis-and-progress-in-policy
#19
Brian J Morris, Sean E Kennedy, Alex D Wodak, Adrian Mindel, David Golovsky, Leslie Schrieber, Eugenie R Lumbers, David J Handelsman, John B Ziegler
AIM: To determine whether recent evidence-based United States policies on male circumcision (MC) apply to comparable Anglophone countries, Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Articles in 2005 through 2015 were retrieved from PubMed using the keyword "circumcision" together with 36 relevant subtopics. A further PubMed search was performed for articles published in 2016. Searches of the EMBASE and Cochrane databases did not yield additional citable articles. Articles were assessed for quality and those rated 2+ and above according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Grading System were studied further...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217733/impact-of-radiotherapy-on-psychological-financial-and-sexual-aspects-in-postmastectomy-carcinoma-breast-patients-a-prospective-study-and-management
#20
Neelam Sharma, Abhishek Purkayastha
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of radiotherapy (RT) on psychological, financial, and sexual aspects in postmastectomy carcinoma breast patients affecting their quality of life (QOL) before, during, and after RT with a strong emphasis on their management and rehabilitation aspects. METHODS: A cross-sectional study carried out in a specialized institution, comprising sixty women. Two standardized questionnaires European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 30-item Quality of Life Questionnaire and Quality of Life Questionnaire breast cancer-23 (QLQ-BR23) for health-related quality, translated and validated for the Hindi language were used...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
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