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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103896/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-by-female-sex-workers-is-context-specific-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-india-kenya-mozambique-and-south-africa
#1
Yves Lafort, Ross Greener, Anuradha Roy, Letitia Greener, Wilkister Ombidi, Faustino Lessitala, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Mags Beksinska, Peter Gichangi, Sushena Reza-Paul, Jenni A Smit, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are extremely vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. To mitigate these risks, they require access to services covering not only HIV prevention but also contraception, cervical cancer screening and sexual violence. To develop context-specific intervention packages to improve uptake, we identified gaps in service utilization in four different cities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, as part of the baseline assessment of an implementation research project...
January 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091335/high-prevalence-of-hpv-infection-in-the-remote-villages-of-french-guiana-an-epidemiological-study
#2
A Adenis, V Dufit, M Douine, F Corlin, G Ayhan, F Najioullah, V Molinie, P Brousse, G Carles, V Lacoste, R Cesaire, M Nacher
Cervical cancer is the second most frequent cancer in women in French Guiana. Studies have shown that populations living in the remote areas of the interior have early sexual debut and that multiple sexual partnerships are common. The objective of the present study was thus to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in these areas. A study was conducted in women aged 20-65 years with previous sexual activity. Women were included on a voluntary basis after using local media and leaders to inform them of the visit of the team...
January 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080186/satisfaction-with-sex-life-in-sexually-active-heterosexual-couples-dealing-with-breast-cancer-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#3
Nina Rottmann, Dorte Gilså Hansen, René dePont Christensen, Mariët Hagedoorn, Morten Frisch, Anne Nicolaisen, Niels Kroman, Henrik Flyger, Christoffer Johansen
BACKGROUND: A breast cancer (BC) diagnosis can profoundly affect the sex life of patient and partner within a couple. The purpose of the present study is to examine whether individual and partner sexual functioning, affectionate behavior, emotional closeness and depressive symptoms are associated with change over time in satisfaction with sex life of sexually active heterosexual couples dealing with BC and to explore whether the associations differ between patients and partners after adjustment for basic sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidity and BC treatment...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074443/knowledge-behaviors-and-attitudes-about-human-papilloma-virus-among-nursing-students-in-izmir-turkey
#4
Hatice Bal-Yılmaz, Deborah Koniak-Griffin
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is transmitted through sexual contact and can cause cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to determine knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes about human papillomavirus (HPV) in nursing students in a baccalaureate program. This study was conducted with a sample of 624 students. Data were collected via questionnaires administered during the first class time. Students' knowledge about HPV was high; 90.5% knew HPV can cause cervical cancer; 94.6% recognized it as a sexually transmitted disease...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070803/life-satisfaction-of-women-of-working-age-shortly-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#5
Mariann Olsson, Marie Nilsson, Kerstin Fugl-Meyer, Lena-Marie Petersson, Agneta Wennman-Larsen, Linnea Kjeldgård, Kristina Alexanderson
PURPOSE: To explore, among women of working age, satisfaction with life as a whole and with different life domains, and its associations with social and health variables, shortly after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 605 women, aged 20-63 years, who had had breast cancer surgery with no distant metastasis, pre-surgical chemotherapy, or previous breast cancer. Associations between LiSat-11 and demographic and social factors as well as health- and treatment-related variables were analysed by multivariable logistic regression...
January 9, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063467/informing-health-promotion-in-rural-men
#6
Gary M H Misan, Chloe Oosterbroek, Nathan J Wilson
Issue addressed: Despite the growth of Australian men's sheds, the body of evidence regarding the health status of members, their health concerns, interests, help- or health-seeking behaviour and their preferred format for receiving health information is limited. Methods: The study involved a cross-sectional study design with data collected from 11 rural South Australian (SA) men's sheds. The survey collected information across 5 domains: demographics; health history, status, concerns and interests; health knowledge; help-seeking behaviours and health information format preferences...
December 22, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055110/survivorship-after-lower-gastrointestinal-cancer-patient-reported-outcomes-and-planning-for-care
#7
Melissa A Frick, Carolyn C Vachani, Margaret K Hampshire, Christina Bach, Karen Arnold-Korzeniowski, James M Metz, Christine E Hill-Kayser
BACKGROUND: There is significant need for quality follow-up care to optimize long-term outcomes for the growing population of lower gastrointestinal (GI) cancer survivors. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) provide valuable information regarding late and long-term effects (LLTEs). METHODS: A convenience sample from 1129 colon, rectal, and anal cancer survivors (n = 792; 218, and 119, respectively) who participated in an Internet-based survivorship care plan (SCP) tool between May 2010 and October 2014 was used to examine patient-reported demographics, treatment, and toxicity data...
January 5, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032075/unmet-supportive-care-needs-of-iranian-cancer-patients-and-its-related-factors
#8
Faranak Jabbarzadeh Tabrizi, Azad Rahmani, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Madineh Jasemi, Atefeh Allahbakhshian
Introduction: Investigation of supportive care needs of cancer patients is important to implement any supportive care programs. There is no relevant studies investigated supportive care needs of Iranian cancer patients and factors affecting such needs. So, the aims of present study were to determine the unmet supportive care needs of Iranian cancer patients and its predictive factors. Methods: In this descriptive- correlational study 274 cancer patients in one referral medical center in North West of Iran participated...
December 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029710/facilitators-delivery-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-in-a-controlled-trial-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-and-their-partners-a-process-evaluation
#9
Kader Parahoo, Suzanne McKenna, Gillian Prue, Oonagh McSorley, Eilis McCaughan
AIM: The aim of this paper is to report the process evaluation of facilitators' delivery of a psychosocial intervention (called CONNECT), in a randomised controlled trial, to men with prostate cancer and their partners. BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on the process of implementing psychosocial interventions in controlled trials and, in particular, on the role and performance of facilitators who deliver them. Yet this information is crucial in assessing whether these interventions are effective or not and why...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026715/correlates-of-clinical-breast-examination-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-queer-women
#10
Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Carmen H Logie
OBJECTIVES: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) women have increased risk of breast cancer yet lower use of early detection screening than heterosexual women. This lower use may be due in part to sexual stigma. The study purpose was to explore correlates of past two-year clinical breast examination (CBE) among LGBQ women to better understand screening disparities, particularly among gender non-conforming LGBQ women. METHODS: A cross-sectional Internet-based survey was conducted with LGBQ women in 2011-2012...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026069/written-information-material-and-availability-of-sexual-health-care-for-men-experiencing-sexual-dysfunction-after-prostate-cancer-treatment-an-evaluation-of-dutch-urology-and-radiotherapy-departments
#11
L A Grondhuis Palacios, E M Krouwel, M Duijn, B L den Oudsten, M E M den Ouden, H Putter, R C M Pelger, H W Elzevier
Objective was to investigate content of written information material and availability of sexual health care for men experiencing sexual dysfunction (SD) after prostate cancer treatment. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among Dutch urology and radiotherapy departments to evaluate information materials and availability of sexual health care. Out of 71 eligible departments, 34 urology and 15 radiotherapy departments participated in the survey (response rate 69.0%). Fifty-nine brochures corresponding to 31 urology and 11 radiotherapy departments were analysed...
December 27, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024682/coming-of-age-women-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-after-twenty-one-years-of-democracy-in-south-africa
#12
Diane Cooper, Jane Harries, Jennifer Moodley, Deborah Constant, Rebecca Hodes, Cathy Mathews, Chelsea Morroni, Margaret Hoffman
This paper is a sequel to a 2004 article that reviewed South Africa's introduction of new sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights laws, policies and programmes, a decade into democracy. Similarly to the previous article, this paper focuses on key areas of women's SRH: contraception and fertility, abortion, maternal health, HIV, cervical and breast cancer and sexual violence. In the last decade, South Africa has retained and expanded its sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) policies in the areas of abortion, contraception, youth and HIV treatment (with the largest antiretroviral treatment programme in the world)...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024679/gender-norms-as-health-harms-reclaiming-a-life-course-perspective-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights
#13
Cailin Crockett, Bergen Cooper
Despite their demographic significance and the lifetime impact of gender disparities on their health and rights, women considered older than reproductive age are excluded from most investments in global public health. While development policies linking human rights with access to sexual and reproductive healthcare have yielded progress towards improving the status of women and girls, older women have not benefited from these initiatives. Yet as women grow older, they experience a range of health conditions rooted in their reproductive biology - from ageing with fistula, to cervical and breast cancers...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011615/impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-selective-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
Allen Lin, Koh J Ong, Peter Hobbelen, Eleanor King, David Mesher, W John Edmunds, Pam Sonnenberg, Richard Gilson, Irenjeet Bains, Yoon H Choi, Clare Tanton, Kate Soldan, Mark Jit
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a high lifetime risk of anogenital warts and cancers related to infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). They also benefit less from herd protection than heterosexual males in settings with female-only HPV vaccination. METHODS: We evaluated the potential health impact and cost-effectiveness of offering vaccination to MSM who visit genito-urinary medicine clinics. We used a mathematical model of HPV 6/11/16/18 sexual transmission within an MSM population in England, parameterised with sexual behaviour, GUM attendance, HPV prevalence, HIV prevalence, warts and cancer incidence data...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011209/validation-of-clinical-tools-for-vaginal-and-vulvar-symptom-assessment-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#15
Anne A Eaton, Raymond E Baser, Barbara Seidel, Cara Stabile, Jocelyn P Canty, Deborah J Goldfrank, Jeanne Carter
INTRODUCTION: Health care professionals can play a pivotal role in promoting vulvovaginal health through assessment and appropriate intervention. AIM: To develop and validate brief clinical measurements to facilitate the identification of vulvovaginal symptoms in patients with and survivors of cancer. METHODS: One hundred seventy-five women survivors of cancer attending a Female Sexual Medicine and Women's Health Program from September 26, 2012 through October 31, 2014 completed the Vaginal Assessment Scale (VAS) and the Vulvar Assessment Scale (VuAS)-a modified version of the VAS that targets vulvar symptoms...
January 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995848/patient-reported-outcomes-among-treatment-modalities-for-prostate-cancer
#16
Matthew E Johnson, Nicholas G Zaorsky, Jeffrey M Martin, Karen Ruth, Richard E Greenberg, Robert G Uzzo, Shelly B Hayes, Marc C Smaldone, Alexander Kutikov, Rosalia Viterbo, David Y T Chen, Mark A Hallman, Mark L Sobczak, Eric M Horwitz
INTRODUCTION: To characterize patient reported outcomes for urinary and sexual function using International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) comparing intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), low dose rate brachytherapy (LDR), post-prostatectomy IMRT (PPRT), and radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients treated for prostate cancer from 2001-2012 completed self-reported SHIM and IPSS surveys. Subgroups were created by baseline score...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988150/nipple-areola-complex-reconstruction-improves-psychosocial-and-sexual-well-being-in-women-treated-for-breast-cancer
#17
Michael R Bykowski, Patrick I Emelife, Nancy N Emelife, Wendy Chen, Nicholas J Panetta, Carolyn de la Cruz
INTRODUCTION: Women choose to undergo nipple-areola complex (NAC) reconstruction as part of breast reconstruction following breast cancer treatment. However, the effect of this procedure on psychosocial and sexual well-being is not well studied. The present study aimed to evaluate how NAC reconstruction affects patient satisfaction with regard to psychosocial and sexual well-being. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for all patients who underwent NAC reconstruction at Magee-Women's Hospital from January 1, 2004 to July 31, 2011...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984376/long-term-morbidity-and-quality-of-life-in-cervical-cancer-survivors-a-multicenter-comparison-between-surgery-and-radiotherapy-as-primary-treatment
#18
Marloes Derks, Luc R C W van Lonkhuijzen, Rinske M Bakker, Anne M Stiggelbout, Cornelis D de Kroon, Henrike Westerveld, Jan Paul W R Roovers, Gemma G Kenter, Moniek M Ter Kuile
OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term morbidity and quality of life after primary surgery or primary radiotherapy for stage IB/II cervical cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed. Patients treated for stage IB/II cervical cancer between 2000 and 2010 were approached to participate. Primary treatment consisted of radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy (RHL), for selected cases followed by adjuvant (chemo-)radiotherapy, or primary (chemo)radiotherapy (PRT)...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980529/ten-years-of-anti-hpv-vaccinations-what-do-we-know
#19
Robert Jach, Antoni Basta, Jan Kotarski, Janina Markowska, Tomasz Paszkowski, Romuald Dębski, Wojciech Rokita, Witold Kędzia, Krystyna Kiszka
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most important carcinogens in humans. Vaccines against HPV are now considered the first anti-cancer vaccinations. Since 2007, in many developed countries, there have been recommendations present for preventive vaccines against HPV. At present, the degree of implementation of these recommendations depends on a number of country-specific factors such as the health care system organization or the ways of funding. HPV vaccines are primarily to prevent the development of cervical cancer and other genital cancers...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966240/information-needs-of-the-chinese-community-affected-by-cancer-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Bee Teng Lim, Phyllis Butow, Jill Mills, Annie Miller, David Goldstein
OBJECTIVE: The information needs of patients and carers from culturally- and linguistically-diverse (CALD) backgrounds, including from the Chinese community, are not well understood, and there has been no previous synthesis of the literature. We conducted a systematic review of the information needs of the Chinese community affected by cancer. METHODS: Database, reference list and author searches were conducted to identify studies reporting information needs of the Chinese community affected by cancer...
December 14, 2016: Psycho-oncology
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