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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346919/the-pregnancy-microbiome
#1
Hadar Neuman, Omry Koren
In recent years, microbiome research has revealed multiple essential roles of the microorganisms residing within the human body in host metabolism, immunity, and overall health. Numerous physiological and pathological states, including obesity and the metabolic syndrome, have been correlated with microbial changes, termed dysbiosis. Our microbiomes change in response to our environment, diet, weight, hormones, and other factors. It is, therefore, not surprising that there are also significant changes in the microbiome during pregnancy when dramatic weight gain and metabolic and immunological changes occur...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346672/congenital-bilateral-anterior-nasal-atresia-in-16-half-sibling-holstein-friesian-calves
#2
M McGowan, C Smith, A Ferguson, B Stone, D Vankan, R Allavena
CASE REPORT: Cases of bilateral anterior nasal atresia, sometimes referred to as arhinia or partial arhinia, are extremely rare in cattle and have only been reported as single events. This report describes the birth of 16 Holstein Friesian calves over a 3-month period, all affected with bilateral atresia of the nares and anterior nasal cavity, with 2 calves having additional severe deviation of the nasomaxillary bones and nasal septum. One affected calf was born with an anatomically normal twin...
April 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346642/nasal-oral-and-pharyngolaryngeal-manifestations-of-pemphigus-vulgaris-endoscopic-ororhinolaryngologic-examination
#3
Masafumi Ohki, Shigeru Kikuchi
Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune blistering disorder that involves the skin and mucous membranes. Few reports have described nasal and oropharyngolaryngeal lesions in pemphigus vulgaris using an endoscopic ororhinolaryngologic examination. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 11 patients with pemphigus vulgaris between 2001 and 2013 with respect to their symptoms, lesion sites, lesion features, and treatments received. All patients had undergone an endoscopic ororhinolaryngologic examination...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346488/comparison-of-chest-ct-findings-in-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-diseases-vs-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-lung-disease-in-hiv-negative-patients-with-cavities
#4
Cherry Kim, So Hee Park, Sang Young Oh, Sung-Soo Kim, Kyung-Wook Jo, Tae Sun Shim, Mi Young Kim
OBJECTIVES: This article focuses on the differences between CT findings of HIV-negative patients who have cavities with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease and those with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections (TB). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 128 NTM disease patients (79 males and 49 females) with cavities in chest CT, matched for age and gender with 128 TB patients in the same period. Sputum cultures of all patients were positive for pathogens. Two independent chest radiologists evaluated the characteristics of the largest cavity and related factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346471/effect-of-functional-sympathetic-nervous-system-impairment-of-the-liver-and-abdominal-visceral-adipose-tissue-on-circulating-triglyceride-rich-lipoproteins
#5
Michael F La Fountaine, Christopher M Cirnigliaro, Steven C Kirshblum, Cristin McKenna, William A Bauman
BACKGROUND: Interruption of sympathetic innervation to the liver and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in animal models has been reported to reduce VAT lipolysis and hepatic secretion of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and concentrations of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particles. Whether functional impairment of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) innervation to tissues of the abdominal cavity reduce circulating concentrations of triglyceride (TG) and VLDL particles (VLDL-P) was tested in men with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346327/development-of-a-new-outcome-prediction-model-in-early-stage-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-oral-cavity-based-on-histopathologic-parameters-with-multivariate-analysis-the-aditi-nuzhat-lymph-node-prediction-score-anlps-system
#6
Aditi Arora, Nuzhat Husain, Ankur Bansal, Azfar Neyaz, Ritika Jaiswal, Kavitha Jain, Arun Chaturvedi, Nidhi Anand, Kiranpreet Malhotra, Saumya Shukla
The aim of this study was to evaluate the histopathologic parameters that predict lymph node metastasis in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and to design a new assessment score on the basis of these parameters that could ultimately allow for changes in treatment decisions or aid clinicians in deciding whether there is a need for close follow-up or to perform early lymph node dissection. Histopathologic parameters of 336 cases of OSCC with stage cT1/T2 N0M0 disease were analyzed. The location of the tumor and the type of surgery used for the management of the tumor were recorded for all patients...
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346126/agreement-between-cytology-and-histopathology-for-regional-lymph-node-metastasis-in-dogs-with-melanocytic-neoplasms
#7
Janet A Grimes, Brad M Matz, Pete W Christopherson, Jey W Koehler, Kelsey K Cappelle, Katelyn C Hlusko, Annette Smith
Melanocytic neoplasms are common in dogs and frequently occur within the oral cavity or in haired skin. The behavior of melanocytic neoplasms is variable and depends on tumor location, size, and histopathologic features. This study compared cytopathology and histopathology of 32 lymph nodes from 27 dogs diagnosed with melanocytic neoplasms. Agreement between the original cytology report, cytology slide review, original histopathology report, and histopathology slide review was determined for each lymph node...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346030/antimicrobial-activity-of-eugenol-and-essential-oils-containing-eugenol-a-mechanistic-viewpoint
#8
Anna Marchese, Ramona Barbieri, Erika Coppo, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Maria Daglia, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Morteza Izadi, Mohammad Abdollahi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Marjan Ajami
Eugenol is a hydroxyphenyl propene, naturally occurring in the essential oils of several plants belonging to the Lamiaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, and Myristicaceae families. It is one of the major constituents of clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry, Myrtaceae) oil and is largely used in both foods and cosmetics as a flavoring agent. A large body of recent scientific evidence supports claims from traditional medicine that eugenol exerts beneficial effects on human health. These effects are mainly associated with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities...
March 27, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345756/the-dawn-of-dentistry-in-the-late-upper-paleolithic-an-early-case-of-pathological-intervention-at-riparo-fredian
#9
Gregorio Oxilia, Flavia Fiorillo, Francesco Boschin, Elisabetta Boaretto, Salvatore A Apicella, Chiara Matteucci, Daniele Panetta, Rossella Pistocchi, Franca Guerrini, Cristiana Margherita, Massimo Andretta, Rita Sorrentino, Giovanni Boschian, Simona Arrighi, Irene Dori, Giuseppe Mancuso, Jacopo Crezzini, Alessandro Riga, Maria C Serrangeli, Antonino Vazzana, Piero A Salvadori, Mariangela Vandini, Carlo Tozzi, Adriana Moroni, Robin N M Feeney, John C Willman, Jacopo Moggi-Cecchi, Stefano Benazzi
OBJECTIVES: Early evidence for the treatment of dental pathology is found primarily among food-producing societies associated with high levels of oral pathology. However, some Late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers show extensive oral pathology, suggesting that experimentation with therapeutic dental interventions may have greater antiquity. Here, we report the second earliest probable evidence for dentistry in a Late Upper Paleolithic hunter-gatherer recovered from Riparo Fredian (Tuscany, Italy)...
March 27, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345599/location-location-size-defects-close-to-surfaces-dominate-fatigue-crack-initiation
#10
Itziar Serrano-Munoz, Jean-Yves Buffiere, Rajmund Mokso, Catherine Verdu, Yves Nadot
Metallic cast components inevitably contain defects such as shrinkage cavities which are inherent to the solidification process. Those defects are known to significantly alter the fatigue life of components. Yet very little is known, quantitatively, on the dangerosity of internal casting defects compared to surface ones. In this study, fatigue specimens containing controlled internal defects (shrinkage pores) are used to foster internal cracking. In situ fatigue tests monitored by X ray synchrotron tomography revealed that the internal nucleation and propagation of cracks was systematically overran by surface cracking initiated at castings defects up to ten times smaller than the internal ones...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345533/fabrication-of-plasmonic-cavity-arrays-for-sers-analysis
#11
Ning Li, Lei Feng, Fei Teng, Nan Lu
The plasmonic cavity arrays are ideal substrates for surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) analysis because they can provide large hot area for analyte molecules. The large area increases the probability to make more analyte molecules on hot spots and leads to a high reproducibility. Therefore, to develop a simple method for creating cavity arrays is important. Herein, we demonstrate how to fabricate a V and W shape cavity arrays by a simple method based on self-assembly. Briefly, the V and W shape cavity arrays are respectively fabricated by taking KOH etching on a nanohole and a nanoring array patterned silicon (Si) slides, which are generated by taking a reactive ion etching on a monolayer of polystyrene spheres patterned blank Si slide and a Si slide covered with a monolayer of octadecyltrichlorosilane...
March 27, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345486/objective-analysis-of-vaginal-ultrasound-video-clips-for-exploring-uterine-peristalsis-post-vaginal-and-cesarean-section-deliveries
#12
Silvia Gora, David Elad, Ariel J Jaffa
The nonpregnant uterus is characterized by cyclic contractions that assist in sperm transport to the fallopian tube, embryo transport to implantation site, and expulsion of menstrual debris. The effect of post-Cesarean section (CS) scar on uterine peristalsis is unclear, while worldwide the prevalence of CS deliveries is increasing. In this study, we developed a new objective method for analysis of dynamic characteristics of the nonpregnant uterus from transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) recordings when the uterine cavity is not clearly observed, as may be the case in post-CS uteri...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345351/shape-memory-characteristics-of-o157-antigenic-cavities-generated-on-nanocomposites-consisting-of-copolymer-encapsulated-gold-nanoparticles
#13
Takamasa Kinoshita, Dung Quang Nguyen, Dung Quynh Le, Kengo Ishiki, Hiroshi Shiigi, Tsutomu Nagaoka
Nanometer-sized composite particles, which consisted of gold nanoparticles encapsulated by an N-isopropylacrylamide copolymer, were successfully synthesized using a one-step process. Shape complementary cavities of the O157-antigen were formed on the composite utilizing temperature-dependent affinity changes of the copolymer. The composite bound to enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157 at 298 K and enhanced light-scattering intensity of the cell due to the optical properties of the gold nanoparticles...
March 27, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345326/patient-linked-factors-associated-with-delayed-reporting-of-oral-and-pharyngeal-carcinoma-among-patients-attending-national-cancer-institute-maharagama-sri-lanka
#14
Laurence Shreenikumari Alahapperuma, Eshani Anoja Fernando
Background: Diagnosis of cancer at an early stage improves prognosis following treatment. Unfortunately a large proportion of oral and pharyngeal cancer patients are diagnosed at late stages which require radical treatment with considerable morbidity and mortality. Many researchers have examined different types of delay that could occur between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis. The objective of this research was to identify patient-linked delays between the time of first noticing symptoms and definitive diagnosis, and its association with the stage at diagnosis among oral and pharyngeal carcinoma patients attending the National Cancer Institute, Maharagama, Sri Lanka...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345012/enhanced-telecom-emission-from-single-group-iv-quantum-dots-by-precise-cmos-compatible-positioning-in-photonic-crystal-cavities
#15
Magdalena Schatzl, Florian Hackl, Martin Glaser, Patrick Rauter, Moritz Brehm, Lukas Spindlberger, Angelica Simbula, Matteo Galli, Thomas Fromherz, Friedrich Schäffler
Efficient coupling to integrated high-quality-factor cavities is crucial for the employment of germanium quantum dot (QD) emitters in future monolithic silicon-based optoelectronic platforms. We report on strongly enhanced emission from single Ge QDs into L3 photonic crystal resonator (PCR) modes based on precise positioning of these dots at the maximum of the respective mode field energy density. Perfect site control of Ge QDs grown on prepatterned silicon-on-insulator substrates was exploited to fabricate in one processing run almost 300 PCRs containing single QDs in systematically varying positions within the cavities...
March 15, 2017: ACS Photonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344397/comparative-study-of-obstructive-urolithiasis-and-its-sequelae-in-buffalo-calves
#16
Yasmin H Bayoumi, Noura E Attia
AIM: The present work was designed to study the incidence of obstructive urolithiasis and to apply comparative diagnosis to urine retention cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 78 non-castrated buffalo calves aging 3-11 months were included in this study, 68 calves were admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Zagazig University, Egypt, during the study period with a history of anuria, and they were classified into three groups; intact bladder group (19 calves), uroperitoneum group (45 calves), and ruptured urethra group (4 calves)...
February 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344079/nasal-foreign-bodies-in-children-in-a-pediatric-hospital-in-senegal-a-three-year-assessment
#17
P-E-J Regonne, M Ndiaye, A Sy, Y Diandy, A-D Diop, B-K Diallo
OBJECTIVES: Nasal foreign bodies (NFB) constitute a common domestic accident in children. The objectives of the present study were to report the particularities of NFBs in children presenting at a pediatric hospital in Senegal, and to describe our therapeutic attitude. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study included all under-15 year-olds presenting with NFB in the ENT department of the National Children's Hospital Center of Diamniadio, Senegal, between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2015...
March 23, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343891/an-investigation-on-the-effects-of-the-angles-between-the-mitral-and-aortic-orifice-during-diastolic-period-using-fsi
#18
Md Shamsul Arefin
BACKGROUND: It was well documented that the changes in the physiological structure of the heart can alter the hemodynamic behaviour of the human left ventricle. Although there were various imaging tools that can stipulate the blood flow characteristics inside the ventricle, but the effect of the variation in the angles between the mitral and aortic orifices were yet to be determined. Hence the primary focus of this paper was to use Fluid-Structure Interaction scheme throughout the diastolic phase to examine and determine the hemodynamic behaviour inside the cavity under various angles between the mitral and aortic orifices (50°, 55° and 60°)...
March 18, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343538/accelerated-hypofractionated-adjuvant-whole-breast-radiation-with-simultaneous-integrated-boost-using-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-for-early-breast-cancer-a-phase-i-ii-dosimetric-and-clinical-feasibility-study-from-a-tertiary-cancer-care-centre-of-india
#19
Dodul Mondal, Pramod Kumar Julka, Daya Nand Sharma, Manisha Jana, Macharla Anjaneyelu Laviraj, Suryanarayan Vs Deo, Soumyajit Roy, Randeep Guleria, Goura K Rath
BACKGROUND: Hypofractionation has become standard of care after Breast Conserving Therapy (BCT) in many European and few others western countries. Though still debatable, tumor cavity boost is routinely practised in our centre. Hypofractionation is not yet the current standard of practice in Asian countries. Employing hypofractionation and simultaneous integrated boost to lumpectomy cavity with conformal technique is not the current practice in this region. Hence the study was performed to see whether accelerated hypofractionation and simultaneous boost can be combined using volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) in treating early breast cancer (EBC) patients...
March 2017: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343445/a-case-of-anagrelide-induced-nonischemic-cardiomyopathy-in-a-patient-with-essential-thrombocythemia
#20
Pritpal Singh
BACKGROUND: Anagrelide is an established treatment option for essential thrombocythemia (ET). Cardiovascular adverse events can occur with its use including heart failure and cardiomyopathy. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old African American male with ET presented with chest pain, shortness of breath, and dyspnea on exertion. His ET was managed with hydroxyurea 1500 mg by mouth twice a day and anagrelide 1 mg by mouth 3 times a day. The patient was receiving anagrelide for approximately 2 years prior to presentation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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