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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332311/otolaryngology-head-and-neck-region-manifestations-of-brucella
#1
Anna Lazutkin, Maya Korem, Jeffrey M Weinberger, Ron Eliashar, Nir Hirshoren
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Patients with Brucella infection present with nonspecific symptoms originating from different organs. In this study, we investigated the manifestations involving principally the otolaryngology/head and neck region. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort chart review. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with brucellosis in a tertiary medical center. Medical records of 55 patients treated for positive Brucella blood cultures between 2007 and 2016 were analyzed...
January 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329787/outcomes-of-multisegmental-transforaminal-enlarged-decompression-plus-posterior-pedicle-screw-fixation-for-multilevel-lumbar-spinal-canal-stenosis-associated-with-lumbar-instability
#2
Chao Sun, Wei Ji Tian, Hui Xin Liu, Ping Guo Guan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologic results of multisegmental transforaminal enlarged decompression (TED) plus posterior pedicle screw fixation in the treatment of multilevel lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS) with lumbar instability (MLSCSI). METHODS: 113 patients with MLSCSI underwent surgery were recruited in this study. All patients were suffering from symptoms typical of degenerative LSCS and treated with either TED plus fusion (TEDF group) or conventional laminectomy plus fusion (CLF group)...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328540/case-of-late-onset-relapsing-surgical-site-infection-related-to-a-venous-coupler-placed-during-free-flap-reconstruction-for-major-head-and-neck-cancer
#3
Yin Ren, Daniel G Deschler, Dipti Sajed, Marlene L Durand
BACKGROUND: Venous coupling devices are widely used during reconstructive surgery involving microvascular anastomosis but have not served as foreign bodies in head and neck surgical site infections. METHODS: We conducted a case report. RESULTS: A patient underwent resection and free flap reconstruction for recurrent tongue squamous cell carcinoma. She developed a neck abscess due to Streptococcus intermedius 7 weeks postoperatively, days after starting chemoradiotherapy...
January 12, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327976/endoscopic-treatment-of-transesophageal-echocardiography-induced-esophageal-perforation
#4
Till Herbold, Seung-Hun Chon, Peter Grimminger, Martin K H Maus, Henner Schmidt, Hans Fuchs, Sebastian Brinkmann, Marc Bludau, Christian Gutschow, Wolfgang Schröder, Arnulf H Hölscher, Jessica M Leers
BACKGROUND: Perforation of the esophagus is the most severe complication of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and can lead to mediastinitis, pleural empyema, or peritonitis. Currently, the majority of patients receive operative treatment with only 6% treated endoscopically. We report our experience with endoscopic and conservative approaches. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients treated for esophageal perforation and included all patients with perforation caused by TEE...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324912/diuresis-renography-and-ultrasonography-in-children-with-antenatally-detected-hydronephrosis-can-support-diagnoses-and-suggest-related-surgery-treatment
#5
M Radulović, S Beatović, M Janković, Dragana Šobić-Šaranović, Vera Artiko, Boris Ajdinović
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal ultrasound (US) screening detects the hydronephrosis (HN)-dilatation of fetal renal collecting system in 1%-5% of all pregnancies. In most children, HN is detected by prenatal US screening between 18-20 gestational week. Pelvi- ureteric junction (PUJ) stenosis is the most common etiological factor of prenatal HN and requires postnatal follow-up. Diuresis renography plays important role in the follow-up by complementing morphological information obtained by US with the data about differential renal function (DRF) and drainage...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324374/ileal-gist-presenting-with-bacteremia-and-liver-abscess-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#6
Marina Gorelik, Braulio Sabates, Adel Elkbuli, Tony Dunne
INTRODUCTION: Small intestine gastrointestinal stromal tumors can infrequently present with intra-abdominal abscess, perforation, obstruction or fistula. Tumor-small intestine fistula is a rare phenomenon and occurs as a result of GISTs' propensity to cause mucosal ulceration. This allows bacteria from the gut to gain access to the systemic circulation and predisposes the patient to bacteremia and pyogenic liver abscess. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of a 63-year-old female whose initial symptoms included fever, nausea, vomiting and right upper quadrant pain...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323778/antibiotics-versus-no-antibiotics-in-the-treatment-of-acute-uncomplicated-diverticulitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Ashutosh Tandon, Victoria L Fretwell, Quentin M Nunes, Paul S Rooney
BACKGROUND: Acute uncomplicated diverticulitis (AUD) is common and antibiotics are the cornerstone of traditional conservative management. This approach lacks clear evidence base and studies have recently suggested that avoidance of antibiotics is a safe and efficacious way to manage AUD. The aim of this systematic review is to determine the safety and efficacy of treating AUD without antibiotics. METHODS: A systematic search of Embase, Cochrane library, MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded, and ClinicalTrials...
January 11, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322942/purulent-pericarditis-an-unusual-complication-of-pneumococcal-pneumonia-a-case-report
#8
Ghizlane Zoulati, Ramatou Yèya Maïga, Rachid Kerzaz, Ghita Yahyaoui, Mustapha Harandou, Mustapha Mahmoud
Purulent pericarditis has become rare since the advent of antibiotics. Among the involved germs, S. pneumoniae remains the most implicated pathogen to evoke in principle, especially that prescription of systematic antibiotics for any febrile condition can considerably mask the clinical picture. A 36-year-old pregnant woman was visiting the emergency department for dyspnea and flu-like syndrom that had been going on for a week. The chest X-ray showed a white lung on the left and the transthoracic ultrasound revealed a pericardial effusion, resulting in pericardial drainage and pleural puncture that allows the evacuation of a purulent fluid...
January 11, 2018: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321063/first-clinical-case-report-of-local-microinjection-of-autologous-fat-and-adipose-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-for-perianal-fistula-in-crohn-s-disease
#9
Cécile Philandrianos, Mélanie Serrero, Fanny Grimaud, Jérémy Magalon, Carine Visée, Mélanie Velier, Pauline Francois, Pierre Orsoni, Guy Magalon, Jean-Charles Grimaud, Ariadne Desjeux, Julie Véran, Florence Sabatier
Mesenchymal stem cell therapy is a promising treatment for perianal Crohn's fistulas refractory to conventional therapy, which are an extremely morbid complication and a true therapeutic challenge. Autologous adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (ADSVF) is an easily accessible source of cells with angiogenic, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and regenerative properties. Here, we describe a case involving a patient with severe perianal Crohn's fistulas refractory to the best medical and surgical practices who received local treatment with ADSVF and microfat...
January 10, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319777/encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-case-report
#10
Gabriel Caetano Pereira, Igor Fiorese Vieira, Mateus Mazorra Coelho Vieira, Eliezer Moreno Romano, Luiz Eduardo Bersani Amado
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CDK) can develop several diseases caused by the renal replacement therapy. Here we report a rare complication of peritoneal dialysis, the encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) in which the peritoneal tissue is gradually replaced by fibrous tissue. The patient in question, after late loss of renal graft and conversion to peritoneal dialysis, evolved with multiple hospitalizations for spontaneous bacterial infections, in recent admission, he was diagnosed with sub-occlusive abdomen secondary to the EPS...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317267/spiral-enteroscopy-assisted-ercp-in-bariatric-length-roux-en-y-anatomy-a-large-single-center-series-and-review-of-the-literature-with-video
#11
Mohammad F Ali, Rani Modayil, Krishna C Gurram, Collin Brathwaite, David Friedel, Stavros Stavropoulos
BACKGROUND: Deep enteroscopy-assisted ERCP (DEA-ERCP) in post-bariatric Roux-en-Y (RY) anatomy is challenging. Laparoscopy-assisted ERCP (LA-ERCP) or EUS-directed transgastric ERCP (EDGE) are technically easier and faster, but are more invasive and morbid procedures. Therefore, we have used DEA-ERCP as our first-line approach, reserving EDGE and LA-ERCP for cases in which adjunctive techniques that cannot be performed through an enteroscope are required (eg, EUS-FNA, SO manometry), or DEA-ERCP failures...
January 6, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316572/improvement-of-respiratory-depression-in-a-patient-with-primary-medullary-hemorrhage-following-removal-of-hematoma-in-the-half-sitting-position
#12
Shinya Ichimura, Helmut Bertalanffy, Masato Nakaya, Yoichi Mochizuki, Raita Fukaya, Goroku Moriwaki, Masahito Fukuchi, Koji Fujii
Primary medullary hemorrhage is a rare event that may result in ataxic respiration. Although it remains controversial whether primary medullary hemorrhage should be managed conservatively or surgically, recent advancements in neuroimaging and microsurgical techniques have shown promise for improving outcomes and prognosis following surgery. The present report discusses the case of a 70-year-old woman admitted to our institution due to sudden-onset nausea and vomiting. The patient underwent surgical removal of a right medullary hematoma for the treatment of daytime respiratory depression and nocturnal apnea while in the half-sitting position...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316543/the-use-of-external-ventricular-drainage-to-reduce-the-frequency-of-wound-complications-in-myelomeningocele-closure
#13
Michael M McDowell, Philip S Lee, Kimberly A Foster, Stephanie Greene
INTRODUCTION: Myelomeningocele (MMC) is an open neural tube defect routinely surgically closed within 48 h of birth to prevent secondary infection. Up to 18% of patients experience wound complications, and 85% require shunting for hydrocephalus. We hypothesized that wound complications could be reduced by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion at the time of closure. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained to review records of the 88 patients who underwent MMC closure between January 2005 and June 2016 at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh...
January 10, 2018: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316139/stem-cell-therapy-in-refractory-perineal-crohn-s-disease-long-term-follow-up
#14
Claudio Wainstein, Rodrigo Quera, Daniela Fluxá, Udo Kronberg, Alejandro Conejero, Francisco López-Köstner, Claudio Jofre, Alejandro J Zarate
AIM: To describe the long-term outcomes of adipose-mesenchymal stem cells, platelet-rich plasma, and endorectal advancement flaps in patients with Perineal Crohn's Disease. METHOD: This was a single-center, prospective, observational pilot study performed between March 2013 and December 2016. The study included adult patients diagnosed with Perianal Crohn's Disease (with complex perianal fistulas) refractory to previous surgical and/or biological treatment. Patients underwent surgical treatment in two stages...
January 6, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313399/localized-intrahepatic-igg4-related-sclerosing-cholangitis-igg4-sc-as-an-additional-type-of-igg4-sc-a-systematic-analysis-of-12-cases
#15
Zhichao Mo, Kuvaneshan Ramen, Yunfeng Shan, Mengtao Zhou, Xiangwu Zheng, Xiuling Wu, Zhengping Yu, Xiaoke Ji, Qiyu Zhang, Qiqiang Zeng
OBJECTIVES: IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC), a recently defined disease entity, has been classified into four types based on the stricture regions revealed by cholangiography. However, localized intrahepatic IgG4-SC is not included into the classification. This study aimed to analyze and characterize localized intrahepatic IgG4-SC and justify the inclusion of this type into the classification. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were searched for studies published from March 2001 to June 2017 reporting localized intrahepatic IgG4-SC...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312728/feasibility-and-outcomes-of-modified-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-nursing-management-of-aged-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy
#16
Wei Li, Bin Zheng, Shuliang Zhang, Hao Chen, Wei Zheng, Chun Chen
Background: The aim of this study was to determine whether a modified enhanced recovery after surgery (mERAS) protocol has a positive effect on the recovery of aged patients with esophageal cancer undergoing esophagectomy. Methods: Consecutive patients were selected between January 2015 and June 2016 and were randomly assigned to a control group (traditional nursing care) or an observation group (mERAS protocol). We analyzed the outcomes of the patients, including surgical outcomes, postoperative complications, mental health status, and quality of life (QOL)...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311539/tolvaptan-for-fluid-management-in-living-donor-liver-transplant-recipients
#17
Shunichi Imai, Masahiro Shinoda, Hideaki Obara, Minoru Kitago, Taizo Hibi, Yuta Abe, Hiroshi Yagi, Kentaro Matsubara, Hisanobu Higashi, Osamu Itano, Yuko Kitagawa
BACKGROUND Tolvaptan, an antagonist of the vasopressin V2 receptor is a novel oral diuretic that promotes water excretion selectively. We have used furosemide as a primary diuretic and added human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) if necessary for fluid management postoperatively in living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) recipients. Recently we introduced tolvaptan and used both tolvaptan and furosemide as primary diuretics. MATERIAL AND METHODS Clinical outcomes were compared between LDLT recipients whose postoperative fluid management was performed before (control group, n=10) and after (tolvaptan group, n=16) introduction of tolvaptan...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306264/management-of-right-main-bronchial-rupture-with-a-double-lumen-endotracheal-tube-in-a-patient-with-blunt-chest-trauma
#18
Seung Hwan Seol, Woon Jeong Lee, Seon Hee Woo, Dae Hui Kim, Jong Hui Suh
Tracheobronchial disruption is one of the most severe injuries caused by blunt chest trauma. It may cause airway obstruction and resulting life-threatening respiratory deficiency. However, the clinical presentations are variable and frequently difficult to diagnose. We report a case of a previously healthy 16-year-old man with complete right main bronchial transection sustained after a vehicular accident, who had progressive dyspnea, subcutaneous emphysema in the neck and anterior chest wall, and bilateral tension pneumothorax...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304266/small-gauge-endoscopy-guided-pneumatic-anterior-hyaloid-detachment-a-new-surgical-technique-for-combined-pars-plana-vitrectomy-and-pars-plana-glaucoma-drainage-implant
#19
Ali Dirani, Marina Ravagnani Ciongoli, Mark R Lesk, Flavio Rezende
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pars plana glaucoma drainage implant (GDI) occlusion is mainly related to entrapment of residual anterior vitreous gel in the implant. The aim of the present report is to describe a new surgical technique to induce pneumatic anterior hyaloid detachment in eyes with GDI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a description of the surgical technique used to induce pneumatic anterior hyaloid detachment. RESULTS: The technique was used in two cases...
January 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303880/ab-interno-tube-occlusion-for-postoperative-hypotony-in-a-patient-with-an-ahmed-glaucoma-drainage-device
#20
Max Feinstein, Kareem Moussa, Ying Han
PURPOSE: To report a case of Ahmed glaucoma valve-induced hypotony that was successfully managed with postoperative intraluminal stenting of the aqueous shunt tube. PATIENT AND METHODS: We describe a 68-year-old male with advanced uveitic glaucoma with an intraocular pressure (IOP) of 25▒mm Hg in the left eye. The patient initially responded well to an Ahmed glaucoma valve implant, but at 10 weeks post-implantation, the patient underwent cataract surgery and developed persistent hypotony, choroidal folds, and decreased vision...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
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