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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637106/-a-case-of-hemorrhage-of-an-esophageal-duplication-cyst-improved-by-endoscopic-drainage
#1
In Sub Han, Gwang Ha Kim, Seong Jun Lee, Bong Eun Lee, Hoseok I, Yeong Dae Kim
Esophageal duplication cyst is a rare congenital gastrointestinal malformation. It is the second most common duplication cyst following small bowel duplication cyst in the gastrointestinal tract. Patients with an esophageal duplication cyst are generally asymptomatic; however, some patients may present the following symptoms: dysphagia, chest pain, stridor, unproductive cough, and epigastric discomfort by compression of the surrounding structures. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice in symptomatic cases and can be considered in asymptomatic cases if they are at risk for developing complications, such as ulceration or perforation...
June 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637056/-urosepsis-in-children
#2
Josef Oswald
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common infectious diseases in children. Urosepsis in childhood, though rare, is the most complicated possible variant. In newborns and infants, unspecific symptoms are a significant barrier to a fast and reliable diagnosis, which is crucial to successful treatment. In addition to urine and laboratory tests as well as non-invasive examinations (ultrasound), there may be an indication for invasive examinations of the kidneys (DMSA scans) in cases of a severe infection...
June 21, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636733/idiopathic-pretracheal-deep-neck-space-infection-with-mediastinal-extension-a-series-of-3-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Samuel Roberts, Lyndon Chan, Robert Eisenberg
Idiopathic pretracheal deep neck space infection is an extremely rare condition with potentially devastating complications. We present a series of 3 cases of pretracheal deep neck space infection that arose in the absence of trauma or a congenital lesion and that exhibited mediastinal spread. To the best of our knowledge, these cases represent the first reported series of this rare condition to be published in the English-language literature. All cultures grew Streptococcus milleri, and all patients had a favorable outcome...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634177/pneumococcal-pulmonary-valve-endocarditis
#4
Apostolos Vrettos, Paula Mota, James Nash, Iain Thorp, Max Baghai, Max Baghai
Pulmonary valve endocarditis is an rare type of infective endocarditis (IE). Streptococcus pneumoniae is a pathogen that is uncommonly associated with IE. A 50 year-old man was referred to us to an incidental echocardiographic finding of a pulmonary valve vegetation. He had a recent admission for drainage of a scrotal abscess from which streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated, complicated by hospital acquired pneumonia and pulmonary embolism. Analysis using Polymerase Chain Reaction of the surgically resected mass revealed signs of 16S rDNA consistent with Streptococcus pneumoniae infection...
June 20, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633544/medical-versus-surgical-management-of-penetrating-crohn-s-disease-the-current-situation-and-future-perspectives
#5
Seema A Patil, Raymond K Cross
The development of penetrating Crohn's disease (CD) occurs in up to 50% of patients over the course of their lifetime. While the presentation of these complications, including free perforation, intra-abdominal abscess, and enteric fistula, are usually obvious, the management can require a nuanced approach, with distinct short and long-term approaches. Areas covered: This review discusses medical and surgical methods of treating these complications, including the role of percutaneous drainage of abscesses, the implications of a stricture associated with a fistula, and the efficacy of postoperative anti-TNF therapy in preventing recurrence after surgical treatment...
June 21, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632826/-pyogenic-liver-abscess-in-children-clinical-experience-in-a-pediatric-reference-center
#6
Carolina Carballo, Claudia Cazes, Mariana Matsuda, M Laura Praino, Noemí Rivas, Eduardo López
INTRODUCTION: Liver abscess is a serious and an uncommon pediatric disease. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: Description of 20 pediatric patients with liver abscess admitted in "Ricardo Gutierrez" Children's Hospital, a Tertiary Reference Center of Buenos Aires, between 2009 and 2015. RESULTS: The hospitalization rate was 35/100.000 admissions. Median age was 5 years old, male/female ratio 4/1. Five patients (25%) had predisposing factors. Median days at diagnosis were 12...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632545/computer-assisted-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-may-be-better-than-open-surgery-for-treating-degenerative-lumbar-disease
#7
Wei Tian, Yun-Feng Xu, Bo Liu, Ya-Jun Liu, Da He, Qiang Yuan, Zhao Lang, Xiao-Guang Han
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a retrospective review of prospectively collected clinical data. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes of computer-assisted minimally invasive spine surgery transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (CAMISS-TLIF) and open TLIF for the treatment of 1-level degenerative lumbar disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Minimally invasive TLIF is becoming increasingly popular; however, the limited space and high rate of hardware complications associated with this method are challenging to surgeons...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628705/time-to-appendectomy-and-risk-of-complicated-appendicitis-and-adverse-outcomes-in-children
#8
Stephanie K Serres, Danielle B Cameron, Charity C Glass, Dionne A Graham, David Zurakowski, Mahima Karki, Seema P Anandalwar, Shawn J Rangel
Importance: Management of appendicitis as an urgent rather than emergency procedure has become an increasingly common practice in children. Controversy remains as to whether this practice is associated with increased risk of complicated appendicitis and adverse events. Objective: To examine the association between time to appendectomy (TTA) and risk of complicated appendicitis and postoperative complications. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective cohort study using the Pediatric National Surgical Quality Improvement Program appendectomy pilot database, 2429 children younger than 18 years who underwent appendectomy within 24 hours of presentation at 23 children's hospitals from January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2014, were studied...
June 19, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616405/endoscopic-treatment-for-distal-malignant-biliary-obstruction
#9
REVIEW
Kazuya Matsumoto, Yohei Takeda, Takumi Onoyama, Soichiro Kawata, Hiroki Kurumi, Hiroki Koda, Taro Yamashita, Hajime Isomoto
Distal malignant biliary obstruction (MBO) leads to obstructive jaundice as a result of when the bile excretion from the liver is disturbed and induces hepatic failure and sepsis, which when complicated with cholangitis, it becomes necessary to perform drainage for the MBO. For biliary drainage, we can perform a surgical bypass operation, percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD), endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD) via duodenal papilla, or endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD), which is a transgastrointestinal biliary drainage...
April 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612149/35-year-experience-with-surgical-treatment-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#10
Richard E Burney
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa is a painful and disfiguring chronic inflammatory condition affecting both men and women. Medical treatments, such as antibiotics and immunosuppressive agents, are often ineffective. Over time, patients can suffer from recurrent abscesses, chronic purulent drainage, scarring, and contractures that can only be corrected by surgical excision. There is no agreement, however, on the best way for the surgeon to manage this condition. The purpose of this review is to describe the results of surgical treatment of this condition in a large cohort of patients managed by local excision of hidradenitis, healing by secondary intention and reoperation as needed...
June 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608250/the-efficacy-of-active-drainage-for-preventing-postoperative-organ-space-surgical-site-infections-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#11
Ryo Ikeshima, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hidekazu Takahashi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Junichi Nishimura, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Masakazu Ikenaga, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Kohei Murata, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
PURPOSE: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) show a higher incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) after bowel resection in comparison to other patient populations because CD patients commonly suffer from anemia, malnutrition, and immunosuppression. In comparison to conventional passive drainage, active drainage using a closed-suction drain reportedly reduces postoperative wound-related complications in several diseases. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the incidence of SSI and to identify the risk factors for SSI in patients with CD...
June 12, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603708/revisiting-radial-forearm-free-flap-for-successful-venous-drainage
#12
REVIEW
Yong Hoon Cha, Woong Nam, In-Ho Cha, Hyung Jun Kim
Tissue defect reconstruction using radial forearm free flap (RFFF) is a common surgical technique whose success or failure is mainly dependent on venous drainage. RFFF has two major venous outflow systems, superficial and deep vein. Drainage methods include combining both systems or using one alone. This review aims to recapitulate the vascular anatomy and network of RFFF as well as shed light on deep vein as a reliable venous drainage system. We also discuss basic evidence for and advantages of single microanastomosis with coalesced vein to overcome technical difficulties associated with the deep vein system...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602151/assessment-of-human-acellular-dermis-graft-in-porcine-models-for-ventral-hernia-repair
#13
Sambit Sahoo, Andrew Ryan Baker, Ivy N Haskins, David M Krpata, Michael J Rosen, Kathleen Derwin
OBJECTIVE: Preclinical evaluation of hernia meshes is commonly performed in porcine models. We recently developed two surgically-induced porcine hernia models - an incisional and an excisional model - that formed persistent hernias in the absence of graft repair. Herein, we investigate if these models will continue to form a hernia after graft repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten pigs were used to create two hernia models - a 10 cm, partial-thickness, incisional defect (n=5) and an 8x8 cm full-thickness, excisional defect (n=5)...
June 10, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601331/risk-factors-for-delayed-gastric-emptying-in-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy-without-pyloric-drainage
#14
Lei Zhang, Sheng-Cai Hou, Jin-Bai Miao, Hui Lee
BACKGROUND: The incidence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after esophagectomy is 10%-50%, which can interfere with postoperative recovery in the short-term and result in poor quality of life in the long term. Pyloric drainage is routinely performed to prevent DGE, but its role is highly controversial. The aim of this study was to report the rate of DGE after esophagectomy without pyloric drainage and to investigate its risk factors and the potential effect on recovery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2010 and January 2015, we analyzed 285 consecutive patients who received an esophagectomy without pyloric drainage...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596198/pituitary-abscess
#15
Jameela Mohammed Al Salman, Rawan Al Muataz Billa Al Agha, Mohamed Helmy
Pituitary abscess is an uncommon pituitary lesion. Its clinical diagnosis can be difficult to distinguish from other pituitary lesions. This pathology is characterised by vague symptoms of headaches, generalised tiredness and hypopituitarism manifestations. A history of recent meningitis, paranasal sinusitis or head surgery can be a suggestive of the source of infection.A 20-year-old man was admitted to neurosurgery department with complain of headache, fatigue, polyuria, polydipsia, blurred vision and sexual dysfunction...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593451/clinical-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-features-of-patients-admitted-to-acute-care-hospitals-with-trunk-compared-to-lower-limb-cellulitis
#16
Anat Zalmanovich, Michael Lishner, Sharon Reisfeld
The objective of this study is to report the clinical course and risk factors of trunk cellulitis, to identify diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, and compare them to patients with lower limb cellulitis. Medical records of adult patients with trunk cellulitis were reviewed and compared to an equal number of randomly selected patients with lower limb cellulitis. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected and analyzed using binary univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Primary outcome was surgical drainage...
June 7, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593406/laparoscopic-liver-surgery-towards-a-day-case-management
#17
Hadrien Tranchart, David Fuks, Panagiotis Lainas, Martin Gaillard, Ibrahim Dagher, Brice Gayet
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory surgery (AS) is a contemporary subject of interest. The feasibility and safety of AS for solid abdominal organs are still dubious. In the present study, we aimed at defining potential surgical criteria for AS by analyzing a large database of patients who underwent laparoscopic liver surgery (LLS) in two French expert centers. METHODS: This study was performed using prospectively filled databases including patients that underwent pure LLS between 1998 and 2015...
June 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593157/early-aggressive-surgical-treatment-of-multiloculated-empyema
#18
Jong Hyun Baek, Young Uk Lee, Seok Soo Lee, Jang Hoon Lee, Jung Cheul Lee, Myeong Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Empyema is the collection of purulent exudate within the pleural space. Overall, 36%-65% of patients with empyema cannot be treated by medical therapy alone and require surgery. Multiloculated empyema is particularly difficult to treat with percutaneous drainage. Therefore, we describe our experiences with early aggressive surgical treatment for rapid progressive multiloculated empyema. METHODS: From January 2001 to October 2015, we retrospectively reviewed 149 patients diagnosed with empyema who received surgery...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593155/feasibility-and-safety-of-single-port-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-primary-lung-cancer
#19
Woon Heo, Do Kyun Kang, Ho-Ki Min, Hee Jae Jun, Youn-Ho Hwang
BACKGROUND: The feasibility of single-port video-assisted thoracic surgery (SPVATS) for primary lung cancer is not well understood. In this study, we compared SP and multi-port (MP) VATS for the surgical treatment of patients with primary lung cancer. METHODS: Surgical treatment was performed in 181 patients with primary lung cancer at Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital between June 2012 and December 2015. A propensity-matched analysis was used to compare the postoperative outcomes and to evaluate the comparative feasibility and safety of SPVATS and MPVATS...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593154/mid-term-outcomes-of-single-port-versus-conventional-three-port-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#20
Hanna Jung, Tak Hyuk Oh, Joon Yong Cho, Deok Heon Lee
BACKGROUND: The benefits of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) have been demonstrated over the past decades; as a result, VATS has become the gold-standard treatment for primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). Due to improvements in surgical technique and equipment, single-port VATS (s-VATS) is emerging as an alternative approach to conventional three-port VATS (t-VATS). The aim of this study was to evaluate s-VATS as a treatment for PSP by comparing operative outcomes and recurrence rates for s-VATS versus t-VATS...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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