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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044953/a-rare-case-of-upper-digestive-hemorrhage-due-to-bleeding-duodenal-tumor
#1
Claudiu Turculeţ, Dragoş Ene, Teodor Florin Georgescu, E Ciucă, A Vlădăşcău, Florin Iordache, Mircea Beuran
We present the case of a 48-year-old patient with no medical history, who presents himself to the emergency room with melena, asthenia and dizziness. The blood tests revealed a severe anemia (Hb = 4,8 g/dL). He is admitted in the Gastroenterology ward, where a first superior digestive endoscopy is performed which shows a duodenal bleeding tumor (second duodenum) of 7 cm in length. After the administration of red blood cell mass, plasma and haemostatic agents the level of the hemoglobin increases. The abdominal CT scan reveals a 3/5 tumor localized in the second and third duodenum...
November 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999650/subclavian-artery-esophageal-fistula-after-placement-of-a-self-expanding-metal-stent-in-a-patient-with-esophagogastric-anastomosis-stenosis
#2
Mohammadreza Seyedmajidi, Maryam Tavassoli, Mojtaba Kianti, Jamshid Vafaeimanesh
BACKGROUND: There have been reports on stent-related vascular erosions about patients with benign or malignant stenosis of the esophagus who received endoscopic stent insertion for palliative intention for oral intake. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old woman with esophageal cancer located in the middle part of esophagus was treated with esophagectomy. Two years following the surgery, malignant stenosis recurred in the esophagogastric anastomosis. A non-covered self-expanding metal stent (10 cm length with a diameter of 18 mm at expanded state) was inserted...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995467/a-case-of-gastrojejunocolic-fistula-with-steatohepatitis
#3
Teppei Omori, Katsutoshi Tokushige, Fukiko Kinoshita, Ayumi Ito, Makiko Taniai, Mikiko Taneichi, Bunei Iizuka, Michio Itabashi, Yoji Nagashima, Masakazu Yamamoto, Shinichi Nakamura, Etsuko Hashimoto
A man in his 30s, who had undergone retrocolic Billroth II reconstruction for perforated duodenal ulcer, presented with watery diarrhea for 2 years and suspected fatty liver. He was referred to our hospital for management of chronic diarrhea, weight loss, hepatopathy and hypoalbuminemia. Initial upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopies were negative. Since a small bowel lesion was suspected, peroral single-balloon enteroscopy was performed, which identified feces-like residue near the Billroth II anastomotic site and a connection to the colon separate from the afferent and efferent loops...
December 19, 2016: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989523/gastrointestinal-phytobezoar-following-bariatric-surgery-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Tair Ben-Porat, Shiri Sherf Dagan, Ariela Goldenshluger, Jonathan B Yuval, Ram Elazary
Bezoars are collections of undigested foreign material that accumulate in the gastrointestinal tract. The most common are phytobezoars, which are formed from plant fibers, especially those related to the ingestion of persimmon. Patients who undergo abdominal surgery, including bariatric surgery for obesity, and particularly gastrectomy, are prone to bezoar formation due to reduced gastric motility, loss of pyloric function, and hypoacidity. Bezoars can form months to years postoperatively. Our objective was to review the published literature regarding phytobezoar formation after bariatric surgery...
November 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956071/solution-blow-spun-polymer-a-novel-preclinical-surgical-sealant-for-bowel-anastomoses
#5
Nora G Kern, Adam M Behrens, Priya Srinivasan, Christopher T Rossi, John L Daristotle, Peter Kofinas, Anthony D Sandler
BACKGROUND: Solution blow spinning is a technique for depositing polymer fibers with promising potential use as a surgical sealant. This study assessed the feasibility and efficacy of solution blow spun polymer (BSP) for sealing bowel perforations in a mouse model of partial cecal transection. We then evaluated its use for reinforcing a surgical anastomosis in a preclinical piglet model. METHODS: Three commercially available surgical sealants (fibrin glue, polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel, and cyanoacrylate) were compared to BSP in the ability to seal partially transected cecum in mice...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942836/comparison-of-three-different-application-routes-of-butyrate-to-improve-colonic-anastomotic-strength-in-rats
#6
J W A M Bosmans, A C H M Jongen, B T C Boonen, S van Rijn, F Scognamiglio, L Stucchi, M J J Gijbels, E Marsich, N D Bouvy
INTRODUCTION: Despite extensive research, anastomotic leakage (AL) remains one of the most dreaded complications after colorectal surgery. Since butyrate enemas are known to enhance anastomotic healing, several administration routes have been explored in this study. METHODS: Three intraluminal approaches involving butyrate were investigated: (1) butyrin-elucidating patch, (2) a single injection of hyaluronan-butyrate (HA-But) prior to construction of the proximal anastomosis and (3) rectal hyaluronan-butyrate (HA-But) enemas designed for distal anastomoses...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911065/-gastric-tube-esophagoplasty-using-the-retroesternal-route-in-children
#7
L García Martínez, J A Molino Gahete, S Redecillas Ferreiro, E Bordón Cabrera, J Bueno Recio, G Guillén Burrieza, C Giné Prades, A Lara Valtueña, J Lloret Roca
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal replacement is a surgical alternative once native esophagus can't be preserved. Different organs and routes for the replacement have been described, being the retroesternal route the least used. The aim is to present our results using gastric tube esophagoplasty with a retroesternal approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective and descriptive study of 11 patients operated from 2000 to 2015. Median age at surgery was 2.2 years (5 months-9 years) and median weight was 11...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904307/hybrid-transvaginal-notes-and-mini-laparoscopic-colectomy-benefit-through-synergy
#8
Jayson M Moloney, Philip S L Gan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hybrid-natural orifice surgery combines the advantages of traditional transabdominal laparoscopic surgery, while limiting surgical trauma to the abdominal wall. Among various routes of intra-abdominal access, the transvaginal method is most appealing because of its utility and proven safety. We describe a series of 4 colonic resections performed with this approach, combined with minilaparoscopy and needlescopic approaches, and discuss the technical aspects, efficacy, and applicability of this technique...
October 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894188/challenges-of-endoscopic-management-of-pancreaticobiliary-complications-in-surgically-altered-gastrointestinal-anatomy
#9
REVIEW
Tin Moe Wai, Eun Young Kim
Pancreaticobiliary complications following various surgical procedures, including liver transplantation, are not uncommon and are important causes of morbidity and mortality. Therapeutic endoscopy plays a substantial role in these patients and can help to avoid the need for reoperation. However, the endoscopic approach in patients with surgically altered gastrointestinal (GI) anatomy is technically challenging because of the difficulty in entering the enteral limb to reach the target orifice to manage pancreaticobiliary complications...
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834015/surgical-treatment-results-of-burn-related-oesophageal-strictures
#10
Janusz Włodarczyk, Tomasz Smęder, Jarosław Kużdżał
BACKGROUND: Post-burn oesophageal stricture is a late complication, which may require surgical intervention. The aim of the study was to compare gastric and colonic conduits and to evaluate the safety, efficacy and complications of these techniques. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients treated for burn-related oesophageal strictures between 1989 and 2013. Oesophagectomy was performed via laparotomy and right thoracotomy, and/or cervical incision. RESULTS: Forty-six patients, including 29 men, aged 17-67 years (mean: 41 years), had burn-related oesophageal strictures...
November 10, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832695/isolated-common-hepatic-artery-branch-thrombosis-results-and-risk-factors
#11
Abdoulhossein Davoodabadi, Hamid Reza Talari, Maseeh Jahanbakhsh
Isolated common hepatic artery branch thrombosis with severe gastric ischemia and duodenojejunal infarction is a rare condition; it usually presents with acute abdomen and may be associated with underlying thrombotic risk factors. We present a 35-year-old man admitted to our hospital with five days history of sudden abdominal pain and deteriorating epigastric pain. He was a driver and had no any past medical history. Explorative laparotomy showed: distal 2/3 gastric, duodenojejunal and papilla vater was sloughed...
September 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831543/a-distinct-colon-derived-breath-metabolome-is-associated-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-but-not-its-complications
#12
Florian Rieder, Satya Kurada, David Grove, Frank Cikach, Rocio Lopez, Nishaben Patel, Amandeep Singh, Naim Alkhouri, Bo Shen, Aaron Brzezinski, Mark Baker, Claudio Fiocchi, Raed A Dweik
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy of available noninvasive biomarkers for diagnosis, stratification, and prediction of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) courses is limited. We analyzed volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the breath of IBD patients and controls for diagnosis and differentiation of IBD as well as their link with disease location, activity, and phenotype. METHODS: A prospective study of diagnostic testing was conducted, recruiting Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), other inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases (OGDs), and healthy controls (HCs), as well as subjects with ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA)...
November 10, 2016: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829605/jejunal-varices-after-choledochojejunostomy-treated-with-laparotomic-transcatheter-variceal-embolization
#13
Nobuo Waguri, Rie Azumi, Kazuhito Sugimura, Yoshihisa Arao, Shunzo Ikarashi, Norihiro Sakai, Masahiro Ogawa, Akihiko Osaki, Munehiro Sato, Tsuneo Aiba, Osamu Yoneyama, Koichi Furukawa, Kentarou Igarashi
Portal hypertension induces collateral shunt formation between the portal and systemic circulation, decompressing the elevated portal pressure. Ectopic varices outside of the gastroesophageal region, such as jejunal varices, are rare conditions. This report describes the successful embolization of ruptured jejunal varices resulting from an extrahepatic portal obstruction. A 62-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with recurrent massive gastrointestinal bleeding. Fourteen months earlier, he had undergone a choledochojejunostomy and pancreatic cystojejunostomy for bile duct stenosis with an enlarged pancreatic pseudocyst due to severe chronic pancreatitis...
2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809887/successful-endoscopic-treatment-of-stapled-j-pouch-ileoanal-canal-anastomotic-hemorrhage-by-argon-plasma-coagulation-a-case-report
#14
Takeshi Nishikawa, Keisuke Hata, Shuntaro Yoshida, Koji Murono, Koji Yasuda, Kensuke Otani, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Kazushige Kawai, Hiroaki Nozawa, Soichiro Ishihara, Kazuhiko Koike, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Continuous lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage is a rare condition, but it often requires proper management. We report a case of a patient with gastrointestinal hemorrhage 18 years after stapled J-pouch ileoanal canal anastomosis who was successfully treated with argon plasma coagulation. CASE PRESENTATION: Our patient was a 54-year-old Japanese man who had developed ulcerative colitis 28 years ago. A J-shaped ileal pouch-anal anastomosis with a double-staple technique was indicated 18 years ago when the patient became refractory to the conventional medication...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800195/an-unusual-case-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-from-isolated-gallbladder-varices-in-a-patient-with-pancreatic-cancer-complicated-by-portal-biliopathy
#15
Mahir Gachabayov, Kubach Kubachev, Elbrus Abdullaev, Nonna Zarkua, Abakar Abdullaev, Artur Fokin
Portal biliopathy is the complex of abnormalities of extrahepatic and intrahepatic bile ducts, cystic duct, and gallbladder, arising as a result of extrahepatic portal vein obstruction and noncirrhotic portal fibrosis, which can be caused by coagulopathies, tumors, inflammation, postoperative complications, dehydration, and neonatal umbilical vein catheterization. We report a case of a 55-year-old male patient with the history of pancreatic cancer and cholecystoenteric anastomosis presenting with gastrointestinal bleeding from gallbladder varices via the anastomosis...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775300/-neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-due-to-cecal-duplication
#16
G Alonso Ciodaro, J I Santamaría Ossorio, S Sanjuán Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: Cecal duplications are rare, representing 0.4% of all gastrointestinal duplications, with few cases reported in the literature. CLINICAL CASE: A 48 hours-old newborn presented with bilious vomiting and abdominal distension; the ultrasound revealed a cystic mass in the right abdomen; ileocolic resection was performed with end to end anastomosis. Microscopy confirmed cecal duplication cyst. COMMENTS: In patients with intestinal obstruction, contrast enema allows differential diagnosis with other colonic pathologies in the newborn; when the cecal duplication cyst is connected to the lumen of the colon, enema reveals a filling defect, and cecal duplication can be suspected...
October 10, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770082/endovascular-reconstruction-of-extrahepatic-portal-vein-in-noncirrhotic-and-nonmalignant-chronic-portal-vein-thrombosis-secondary-to-an-iatrogenic-stenotic-lesion
#17
Manuel Guerrero-Hernandez, Carlos A Hinojosa, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Erika Elenes, Aldo Torre
Portal vein (PV) thrombosis (PVT) in the absence of liver disease or thrombophilia is rare. We report a 57-year-old male with a history of stage 3 chronic kidney disease who presented at the emergency department 18 months after abdominal surgery with progressive abdominal pain and distention. Computed tomography revealed PVT with multiple collaterals and moderate ascites. He had undergone partial gastrectomy and gastrojejunal anastomosis at an outside facility for gastrointestinal stromal tumors that caused an iatrogenic stenotic lesion in the PV...
October 20, 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767426/proximal-duodenoileal-anastomosis-for-treatment-of-small-intestinal-obstruction-and-volvulus-in-a-green-iguana-iguana-iguana
#18
Sarah Wills, Hugues Beaufrère, Gwyneth Watrous, Michelle L Oblak, Dale A Smith
CASE DESCRIPTION A 13-year-old female green iguana (Iguana iguana) was examined because of a 6-day history of vomiting, anorexia, and lethargy and a 4-day history of decreased fecal and urate output. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed a distended abdomen, signs of depression, pallor, tachycardia, harsh lung sounds, and vomiting. Abdominal radiographs revealed gas distention of the stomach and small intestine with fluid lines evident on the lateral view. Plasma biochemical analysis indicated hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, hyperglycemia, and hyperuricemia...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748146/uncut-roux-en-y-reconstruction-after-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#19
Yuqin Huang, Sen Wang, Youquan Shi, Dong Tang, Wei Wang, Yang Chong, Huaicheng Zhou, Qingquan Xiong, Jie Wang, Daorong Wang
Uncut Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy is a modification of the Billroth II procedure with Braun anastomosis, in which a jejunal occlusion is fashioned to avoid the Roux Stasis Syndrome. This review aimed to summarize the current knowledge about the uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis operation, so that surgeons may be able to make informed decisions about its clinical application. Additionally, we hope that our findings will guide future research on this topic. Areas covered: The original uncut technique was associated with dehiscence or recanalization of the jejunal occlusion, and was therefore not widely applied...
December 2016: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738458/long-term-outcomes-of-surgical-treatment-with-in-situ-graft-reconstruction-for-secondary-aorto-enteric-fistula
#20
Munetaka Hashimoto, Hitoshi Goto, Daijirou Akamatsu, Takuya Shimizu, Ken Tsuchida, Keiichiro Kawamura, Yuta Tajima, Michihisa Umetsu
Objectives: The optimal surgical management for secondary aorto-enteric fistula (sAEF) is controversial. Here, we report the long-term outcomes of a surgical treatment with in situ graft reconstruction for sAEF that was performed at our hospital. Methods: Between 2009 and 2012, 10 consecutive patients (8 males, 2 females, mean age 75.9 years) with sAEF were surgically treated with in situ graft reconstruction. Perioperative and long-term outcomes were reviewed retrospectively by medical records. Results: Clinical manifestations, including gastrointestinal bleeding, shock, sepsis, and back and abdominal pain, were observed during the treatment of the patients...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
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