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gastrointestinal anastomosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666693/removal-of-nasogastric-tube-accidentally-stitched-to-roux-en-y-oesophagojejunostomy-following-a-radical-gastrectomy-for-stomach-cancer-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Ayman Z Azzam, Kareem A Azzam, Tarek Amin
Nasogastric tubes (NGTs) are important for feeding, stenting and decompression after gastrointestinal surgeries, particularly in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Resistance in the removal of a NGT is a rare surgical complication and may be due to a knot in the tube or a stitch anchoring the tube to an anastomosis . We report a 41-year-old male patient who was admitted to the King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 2015 with stomach cancer. He underwent a radical total gastrectomy with a Roux-en-Y oesophagojejunostomy...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650909/-endoscopic-topical-therapy-using-mesh-for-refractory-suture-failure-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#2
Yukika Tsukamoto, Hisami Oshima, Takashi Katsumori, Hiromitsu Hamaguchi, Shinichi Yamamoto, Tomohiro Iwanaga, Susumu Ohkawara
We reported a case that could be cured with endoscopic topical therapyusing mesh for refractorysuture failure after rectal cancer surgery. The patient was a 73-year-old man. He was diagnosed as lower rectal cancer, and underwent laparoscopic super law anterior rectum resection. On the 13th postoperative day, abdominal pain appeared, suspected ileal necrosis, emergencylaparoscopic examination laparotomywas performed. Upper gastrointestinal perforation was suspected from pus and food on the whole intraperitoneal cavity, and we moved laparotomy...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627055/factors-favoring-and-impairing-healing-of-tracheal-anastomosis
#3
REVIEW
Farid M Shamji
The factors governing successful healing of and impairing of tracheal and bronchial anastomosis are best understood by reviewing the normal histologic changes accompanying healing, governing factors, and biochemical advances made in the last 5 decades. Normal wound healing factors, also relevant to tracheal and bronchial reconstruction, rely on precise handling of tissues without interfering with tissue perfusion, careful selection and placement of sutures, and steps to minimize tension. Impairments of satisfactory healing are well recognized in gastrointestinal surgery and apply to tracheal and carinal resection, and sleeve bronchial resection...
May 2018: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617039/closure-of-gastrointestinal-incisions-using-skin-staples-alone-and-in-combination-with-suture-in-29-cats
#4
Z Schwartz, B R Coolman
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of skin staples alone, and in combination with sutures, for closure of gastrointestinal incisions in cats and to describe outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of cats that underwent gastrotomy, jejunotomy, jejunal or colonic anastomosis using skin staples alone or in combination with sutures to close the enteric wounds at one referral hospital between 2001 and 2016. Data regarding patient signalment, duration of clinical signs, indication for surgery, diagnosis, haematological and biochemical values, surgical time, procedure, complications and outcome were collected...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616464/practices-concerning-revisional-bariatric-surgery-a-survey-of-460-surgeons
#5
Kamal K Mahawar, Abdelrahman Nimeri, Marco Adamo, Cynthia-Michelle Borg, Rishi Singhal, Omar Khan, Peter K Small
BACKGROUND: There is currently little evidence available on various aspects of Revisional Bariatric Surgery (RBS) and no published consensus amongst experts. The purpose of this study was to understand variation in practices concerning RBS. METHODS: Bariatric surgeons from around the world who perform RBS were invited to participate in a questionnaire-based survey on SurveyMonkey®. RESULTS: A total of 460 respondents from 62 countries took the survey...
April 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607390/duplication-cyst-of-the-ileum-presenting-with-severe-anemia-detected-by-double-balloon-endoscopy
#6
Yumi Takegawa, Katsushi Hiramatsu, Yosuke Murata, Yu Akazawa, Yasushi Saito, Yoshihiko Ozaki, Kazuto Takahashi, Tatsushi Naito, Kazuya Ofuji, Hidetaka Matsuda, Masahiro Ohtani, Tomoyuki Nemoto, Hiroyuki Suto, Takanori Goi, Yoshiaki Imamura, Yasunari Nakamoto
Background and study aims  Duplication cysts of the ileum are rare and present with non-specific clinical manifestations such as abdominal pain, vomiting, melena, and intussusception. Therefore, preoperative diagnosis is difficult. Here, we report a case of duplication cyst of the small intestine that was diagnosed preoperatively using double-balloon enteroscopy. A 19-year-old man presented with severe iron deficiency anemia, abdominal pain, and exertional dyspnea. Gastroscopy and colonoscopy revealed no remarkable findings...
April 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605723/risk-factors-for-gastrointestinal-leak-after-bariatric-surgery-mbsaqip-analysis
#7
Reza Fazl Alizadeh, Shiri Li, Colette Inaba, Patrick Penalosa, Marcelo W Hinojosa, Brian R Smith, Michael J Stamos, Ninh T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal leak remains one of the most dreaded complications in bariatric surgery. We aimed to evaluate risk factors and the impact of common perioperative interventions on the development of leak in patients underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Using the 2015 database of accredited centers, data were analyzed for patients underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). Emergent, revisional, and converted cases were excluded...
March 29, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605022/posttransplant-complications-in-adult-recipients-of-intestine-grafts-without-bowel-decontamination
#8
Jared W Clouse, Chandrashekhar A Kubal, Jonathan A Fridell, Richard S Mangus
BACKGROUND: Selective digestive decontamination is commonly used to decrease lumenal bacterial flora. Preoperative bowel decontamination may be associated with a lower wound infection rate but has not been shown to decrease risk of intra-abdominal abscess or lower leak rate for enteric anastomoses. Alternatively, the decontamination disrupts the normal flora of the gastrointestinal tract and may affect normal physiology, including immunologic function. This study reports complication rates of an intestine transplant program that has never used bowel decontamination...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592983/rare-cause-of-fever-of-unknown-origin-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour
#9
Manjunath Havalappa Dodamani, Rajiv Ranjan Kumar, Mayur Parkhi, Rajendar Basher
A 44-year-old man presented with fever (low to high grade) for 2-month duration despite treatment with oral antibiotics and antipyretics. Further, enquiry did not yield any potentially explanatory clues to a diagnosis. Physical examination revealed only left axillary lymphadenopathy, but was otherwise unremarkable. A number of diagnosis included tuberculosis, malignancy, lymphoma, connective disease disorder and infective endocarditis. Further evaluation revealed severe anaemia due to iron deficiency which was supported with blood transfusion and oral iron supplementation...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589675/cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-risk-factors-for-morbidity-and-postoperative-outcome
#10
Manuela Robella, Marco Vaira, Armando Cinquegrana, Alice Borsano, Michele DE Simone
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) followed by hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) represents a treatment option for peritoneal surface malignancies. Even if it has been reported that this new approach improved survival of selected patients, it's still associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. METHODS: From October 1995 to December 2017, over 450 patients patients affected by peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) underwent in our Institute to CRS associated with HIPEC...
March 28, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571634/the-effect-of-metabolic-surgery-on-nonobese-patients-bmi-30-kg-m-2-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#11
Zhi-Ping Huang, Yan Guo, Chao-Qian Liu, Lin Qi, Da-Jin Zou, Wei-Ping Zhou
BACKGROUND: The influence of metabolic surgery on the glucose and lipid profiles of nonobese body mass index<30 kg/m2 patients with type 2 diabetes, particularly the effect ≥1 year, remains unknown. METHODS: PubMed and Ovid Embase were used. SETTING: University hospitals. RESULTS: In total, 21 studies including 921 patients were examined in this systematic review, the results of which revealed decrease in body mass index, waist circumference, fasting plasma glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin A1C, fasting C-peptide, fasting insulin, homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance index, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol...
February 15, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554713/-anastomotic-leakage-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-surgical-versus-nonoperative-management
#12
Guido Woeste
Most procedures in gastrointestinal (GI) surgery require reconstruction with an anastomosis. Depending on the location within the GI tract, the perfusion and comorbidities of the patients there is a risk for anastomotic leakage. In case of peritonitis with sepsis usually a surgical treatment is required. A stable patient can be treated nonoperatively. In the following overview different treatment options of anastomotic leakage after surgery of the GI tract are described. In case of a leakage of an esophagojejunal or esophagogastric anastomosis after resection of the esophagus or stomach endoscopic treatment can be successful using either clip or stent or negative pressure therapy (NPT)...
March 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548310/unusual-bilateral-ovarian-metastases-from-ileal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-gist-a-case-report
#13
Antonio De Leo, Margherita Nannini, Giulia Dondi, Donatella Santini, Milena Urbini, Elisa Gruppioni, Pierandrea De Iaco, Anna Myriam Perrone, Maria Abbondanza Pantaleo
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and liver and peritoneum are the main sites of recurrence. Ovarian metastases from GIST are very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50 years-old woman was found to have a pelvic mass on transvaginal ultrasound (TV-US) and computed tomography (CT)-scan, considered as a right ovarian mass. The patient underwent surgical abdominal exploration that showed an ileal mass, a normal right ovary and an irregular and vascularized surface of the left ovary...
March 16, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546569/a-case-of-duodenal-malignant-lymphoma-presenting-as-acute-pancreatitis-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-immunosuppressive-therapy-as-risk-factors
#14
Reiko Yamada, Takashi Sakuno, Hiroyuki Inoue, Hiroshi Miura, Toshifumi Takeuchi, Yasunori Shiono, Hiroaki Okuse, Misaki Nakamura, Masaki Katsurahara, Yasuhiko Hamada, Kyosuke Tanaka, Noriyuki Horiki, Yoshiyuki Takei
A 49-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with pancreatitis. He was diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus at 34 years of age and was being treated with oral tacrolimus (3 mg/day) and predonine (10 mg/day) for the past 15 months. The computed tomography (CT) scan showed the mass lesion had invaded the pancreatic head via thickening of the duodenal wall. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed the all-round ulcerative lesion from the superior duodenal angle to the descending portion. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL)...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534255/perioperative-complications-following-surgery-for-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#15
Annika Mutanen, Agostino Pierro, Augusto Zani
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating condition that mainly affects premature infants. Advanced cases of NEC require surgical treatment, which in up to 70% of infants is associated with significant perioperative morbidity including anastomosis- or enterostomy-related complications, sepsis, peritonitis, and wound infections. Moreover, the perioperative complications may compromise the long-term gastrointestinal and neurodevelopmental outcome of patients requiring surgery for NEC.
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526040/esophago-jejunal-anastomotic-dehiscence-successfully-repaired-by-endoluminal-suture-and-stent-positioning-report-of-a-mini-invasive-approach
#16
Antonino Granata, Michele Amata, Mario Traina
A 32-year-old gentleman underwent a laparoscopic wedge resection of the stomach for gastrointestinal stromal tumor, with subsequent anastomotic dehiscence treated with urgent surgical revision. Following acute abdominal pain and severe sepsis, the patient was directly referred for a total gastrectomy with esophago-jejunal anastomosis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 11, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523662/a-novel-prkar1b-braf-fusion-in-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-guides-adjuvant-treatment-decision-making-during-pregnancy
#17
Lindsey M Charo, Adam M Burgoyne, Paul T Fanta, Hitendra Patel, Juliann Chmielecki, Jason K Sicklick, Michael T McHale
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare in pregnancy, with only 11 reported cases. Adjuvant imatinib therapy, which targets the most common driver mutations in GIST ( KIT and PDGFRA) , is recommended for patients with high-risk GIST, but it has known teratogenicity in the first trimester. A 34-year-old G3P2 woman underwent exploratory laparotomy at 16 weeks' gestation for a presumed adnexal mass. Surgical findings included normal adnexa and a 14-cm solid small bowel mass. The mass was resected en bloc with a segment of jejunum followed by a primary anastomosis...
March 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519336/how-the-experts-do-it-step-by-step-guide
#18
REVIEW
Ji Young Bang, Shyam Varadarajulu
Lumen-apposing metal stents are integrated in a single-step delivery system for draining intra-abdominal fluid collections. The theoretic advantage of lumen-apposing stents is the ability to approximate the wall of the drained cavity or organ to the gastrointestinal tract lumen. The use of lumen-apposing stents now includes drainage of organs adjacent to the stomach/duodenum and creation of anastomosis between the stomach and jejunum. The lumen-apposing stents may also serve as a conduit for accessing the remnant stomach for performing biliary tract interventions...
April 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519332/novel-uses-of-lumen-apposing-metal-stents
#19
REVIEW
Monica Saumoy, Clark Yarber, Michel Kahaleh
The lumen apposing metal stent (LAMS) has historically been used for drainage of pancreatic fluid collections. The unique design of this stent has allowed endoscopists to develop novel uses, including drainage of abscesses adjacent to gastrointestinal lumens, maintaining patency in gastrointestinal strictures, and creating a fistulous tract to bypass altered or compromised anatomy. These alternative uses for the LAMS take advantage of its ability to form a sealed, well-approximated anastomosis. Future applications of the LAMS are continuously being developed as clinicians provide minimally invasive approaches for management of these disease processes...
April 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517984/single-center-experience-of-a-new-endoscopic-clip-in-managing-nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#20
Praneet Wander, Daniel Castaneda, Lionel D'Souza, Simi Singh, Sam Serouya, Ana I Velazquez, Rifat Mamun, Rebecca Voaklander, Petros Benias, David L Carr-Locke
BACKGROUND: To assess the safety and efficacy of the Instinct clip in the acute endoscopic treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is the first large series reporting this clip in achieving hemostasis. A retrospective descriptive chart review was performed on patients presenting with recent overt GI bleeding treated with endoclip therapy at Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center between May 2013 and January 2016. Results are expressed in absolute numbers, percentages, and trends...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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