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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898683/mortality-in-hiv-infected-alcohol-and-drug-users-in-st-petersburg-russia
#1
Nadia S Fairbairn, Alexander Y Walley, Debbie M Cheng, Emily Quinn, Carly Bridden, Christine Chaisson, Elena Blokhina, Dmitry Lioznov, Evgeny Krupitsky, Anita Raj, Jeffrey H Samet
In Russia, up to half of premature deaths are attributed to hazardous drinking. The respective roles of alcohol and drug use in premature death among people with HIV in Russia have not been described. Criminalization and stigmatization of substance use in Russia may also contribute to mortality. We explored whether alcohol, drug use and risk environment factors are associated with short-term mortality in HIV-infected Russians who use substances. Secondary analyses were conducted using prospective data collected at baseline, 6 and 12-months from HIV-infected people who use substances recruited between 2007-2010 from addiction and HIV care settings in a single urban setting of St...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872524/human-papilloma-virus-in-oral-cavity-cancer-and-relation-to-change-in-quality-of-life-following-treatment-a-pilot-study-from-northern-india
#2
Abhishek Kumar Singh, Jitendra Kumar Kushwaha, Akshay Anand, Abhinav Arun Sonkar, Nuzhat Husain, Kirti Srivastava, Sudhir Singh
Human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated head and neck cancer (HNC) has generated significant amount of research interest in recent times with focus shifted to oral cavity squamous cell cancer (OCSCC) after oropharyngeal cancer. Due to high incidence of OCSCC and anecdotal reports on association of HPV infection from northern region of India, this study was conceived to investigate HPV infection and establish its association with lifestyle habits such as tobacco, alcohol consumption, oro-genital sex, number of sexual contacts, and change in quality of life posttreatment...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806533/epidemiologic-correlates-of-chronic-respiratory-infections-in-adults-an-urban-slum-of-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#3
Sonali Kar, Ipsa Mohapatra, Amrita Konar
INTRODUCTION: Urbanization is marked by emergence of slum areas, wherein migrants from the nearby villages stay in temporary establishments for seeking avenues of employment. These dwellings lack most of the essential living conditions like safe water, healthy living conditions and access to health services. This population is also vulnerable to social evils like alcohol and tobacco addiction. KIMS, a medical college in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India has an Urban Health Training Centre (UHTC) that caters to a slum population of nearly 12,000 population for their primary health needs...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803891/a-qualitative-study-of-the-relationship-between-methamphetamine-abuse-and-sexual-dysfunction-in-male-substance-abusers
#4
Behrouz Dolatshahi, Ali Farhoudian, Mozhgan Falahatdoost, Mahmoud Tavakoli, Ebrahim Rezaie Dogahe
BACKGROUND: Increased prevalent use of methamphetamine is a global public challenge. Information on drug use can be helpful in preventing high-risk behavior related to drug abuse. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the sexual function changes related to methamphetamine use in the male clients of public and private addiction treatment centers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this qualitative study, 45 men (35 methamphetamine users, 5 family members of the users, and 5 psychiatrists or physicians who were famous for treating or researching addiction) are involved...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784181/barriers-to-female-sex-addiction-treatment-in-the-uk
#5
Manpreet K Dhuffar, Mark D Griffiths
Background Over the last 20 years, behavioral addictions (e.g., addictions to gambling, playing video games, work, etc.) have become more accepted among both public and scientific communities. Addiction to sex is arguably a more controversial issue, but this does not take away from the fact that some individuals seek professional help for problematic excessive sex, irrespective of how the behavior is conceptualized. Empirical evidence suggests that among treatment seekers, men are more likely than women to seek help for sex addiction (SA)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776797/-patterns-of-prescription-of-opioid-analgesics-in-h%C3%A3-tel-dieu-de-france-of-beyrouth
#6
P Noufi, E Khoury, E Ayoub, N Naccache, S Richa
OBJECTIVES: Use of chronic opioid therapy has increased substantially over the past few years, even though opioid therapy is associated with potentially serious harms, including opioid-related adverse effects and outcomes. Prescription of opioids for chronic pain, particularly nonmalignant chronic pain, remains controversial. In the midst of this controversy, patterns of actual prescription and influences on these patterns are not well understood. This study aims to describe the frequency of prescription of opioid analgesics in a university hospital, the attitudes of doctors towards this category of drugs, and the follow-up modalities of patients taking these drugs...
October 21, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759944/a-review-of-the-prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-addictions-in-us-ethnic-racial-groups-implications-for-genetic-research
#7
Susan E Luczak, Rubin Khoddam, Sheila Yu, Tamara L Wall, Anna Schwartz, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted a review of the prevalence and co-occurrence of 12 types of addictions in US ethnic/racial groups and discuss the implications of the results for genetic research on addictions. METHODS: We utilized MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases to review the literature on alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, illicit drugs, gambling, eating/food, internet, sex, love, exercise, work, and shopping. We present results for each addiction based on total US prevalence, prevalence within ethnic groups, and co-occurrence of addictions among ethnic groups when available...
October 19, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736128/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-barriers-to-cessation-scale
#8
Lorra Garey, Charles Jardin, Brooke Y Kauffman, Carla Sharp, Clayton Neighbors, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
The Barriers to Cessation Scale (BCS; Macnee & Talsma, 1995a) was developed to assess global and specific perceived barriers that may interfere with the quit process. Although the BCS is widely used in the literature, little scientific work has been devoted to examining the psychometric properties of the measure. Thus, the present study sought to address this gap by evaluating the BCS in a sample of 497 treatment-seeking smokers. The current study examined the factor structure of the BCS, measurement invariance of the BCS subscales across sex and over 2 time points, and evaluated construct validity...
August 15, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677382/improving-ghb-withdrawal-with-baclofen-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Anne Lingford-Hughes, Yash Patel, Owen Bowden-Jones, Mike J Crawford, Paul I Dargan, Fabiana Gordon, Steve Parrott, Tim Weaver, David M Wood
BACKGROUND: GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyrate) and its pro-drugs GBL (gamma-butyrolactone) and 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BD) are central nervous system depressants whose street names include 'G' and 'liquid ecstasy'. They are used recreationally predominately for their stimulant and pro-sexual effects or for sedation to help with sleep and/or to 'come down' after using stimulant recreational drugs. Although overall population prevalence is low (0.1 %), in some groups such as men who have sex with men, GHB/GBL use may reach 20 %...
September 27, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648372/pet-imaging-reveals-sex-differences-in-kappa-opioid-receptor-availability-in-humans-in-vivo
#10
Aishwarya Vijay, Shuo Wang, Patrick Worhunsky, Ming-Qiang Zheng, Nabeel Nabulsi, Jim Ropchan, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Yiyun Huang, Evan D Morris
Opioid receptors may play critical roles in alcoholism and other addictions, addiction withdrawal, and depression and are considered pharmacological targets for treatment of these conditions. Sex differences have been demonstrated in mu (MOR) and delta (DOR) opioid receptors in humans, in vivo. In addition, sex differences have been observed in efficacy of treatment targeting kappa opioid receptors (KOR). Our goal in the present study was to compare the availability of KOR (1) between healthy control (HC) men and women...
2016: American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638501/hazardous-alcohol-use-associated-with-increased-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#11
Nadia Fairbairn, Kanna Hayashi, M-J Milloy, Seonaid Nolan, Paul Nguyen, Evan Wood, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is associated with a multitude of severe health consequences. While risk behaviors related to illicit drug use are commonly studied among people who inject drugs (PWID), the role of alcohol use has received substantially less attention in this population. We explored whether drug and sexual risk behaviors as well as experiences of violence were associated with hazardous alcohol use in a cohort of PWID. METHODS: Analyses were conducted using observational data from a prospective cohort of community-recruited HIV-negative PWID in Vancouver, Canada...
November 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632155/retrospective-analysis-of-129-consecutive-zygomatic-implants-used-to-rehabilitate-severely-resorbed-maxillae-in-a-two-stage-protocol
#12
Rafael Tajra Evangelista Araújo, Alexander Tadeu Sverzut, Alexandre Elias Trivellato, Cássio Edvard Sverzut
PURPOSE: To report on the clinical outcome of 129 zygomatic implants placed in 37 patients with severely resorbed partially or completely edentulous maxillae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who received zygomatic implants between 2007 and 2014 were included in this retrospective analysis. All patients were treated using the same surgical protocol, the sinus slot technique. The following data were recorded: sex, age, race, medical history, etiology, addictions, degree of bone atrophy, type and size of zygomatic implants, number of implants placed, type of prosthesis, survival rate, and success of implants and complications...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614055/income-generation-and-attitudes-towards-addiction-treatment-among-people-who-use-illicit-drugs-in-a-canadian-setting
#13
Nicole M Luongo, Huiru Dong, Thomas H Kerr, M-J S Milloy, Kanna Hayashi, Lindsey A Richardson
INTRODUCTION: Socioeconomically marginalized people who use illicit drugs (PWUD) often engage in alternative income generating activities to meet their basic needs. These activities commonly carry a number of health and social risks, which may prompt some PWUD to consider addiction treatment to reduce their drug use or drug-related expenses. We sought to determine whether engaging in certain forms of income generation was independently associated with self-reported need for addiction treatment among a cohort of PWUD in Vancouver, Canada...
August 31, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613893/sex-differences-in-smoking-cessation-pharmacotherapy-comparative-efficacy-a-network-meta-analysis
#14
Philip H Smith, Andrea H Weinberger, Ju Zhang, Erin Emme, Carolyn M Mazure, Sherry A McKee
INTRODUCTION: Converging clinical and biological evidence suggest sex is an important factor when selecting a pharmacological intervention for smoking cessation. The current investigation used network meta-analyses to estimate sex differences in the comparative efficacy of transdermal nicotine (TN), varenicline, and sustained release (SR) bupropion for smoking cessation. METHODS: Systematically searched previously published reviews and databases (Medline, PsycINFO, Embase) of randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of bupropion-SR, TN, and varenicline for cigarette smoking cessation in primary care/general community samples were included...
July 11, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591662/electrochemical-sensors-and-biosensors-for-determination-of-catecholamine-neurotransmitters-a-review
#15
REVIEW
José A Ribeiro, Paula M V Fernandes, Carlos M Pereira, F Silva
This work describes the state of the art of electrochemical devices for the detection of an important class of neurotransmitters: the catecholamines. This class of biogenic amines includes dopamine, noradrenaline (also called norepinephrine) and adrenaline (also called epinephrine). Researchers have focused on the role of catecholamine molecules within the human body because they are involved in many important biological functions and are commonly associated with several diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson...
November 1, 2016: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581837/which-psychoactive-substances-are-used-by-patients-seen-in-the-healthcare-system-in-french-overseas-territories-results-of-the-oppidum-survey
#16
Amélie Daveluy, Elisabeth Frauger, Hélène Peyrière, Christophe Moracchini, Françoise Haramburu, Joëlle Micallef
Addiction to illicit substances or medicines is influenced by cultural, religious, ethnic factors as well as local availability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the profile of drug users and characteristics of the psychoactive substances used in French overseas territories, using data from the OPPIDUM survey. OPPIDUM is an annual, nationwide, multicentric, cross-sectional study based on specialized care centres that included subjects presenting a drug addiction or under opiate maintenance treatment...
September 1, 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455958/predictors-of-time-to-relapse-in-amphetamine-type-substance-users-in-the-matrix-treatment-program-in-iran-a-cox-proportional-hazard-model-application
#17
Maryam Moeeni, Emran M Razaghi, Koen Ponnet, Fatemeh Torabi, Seyed Ali Shafiee, Tahereh Pashaei
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine which predictors influence the risk of relapse among a cohort of amphetamine-type substance (ATS) users in Iran. METHODS: A Cox proportional hazards model was conducted to determine factors associated with the relapse time in the Matrix treatment program provided by the Iranian National Center of Addiction Studies (INCAS) between March 2010 and October 2011. RESULTS: Participating in more treatment sessions was associated with a lower probability of relapse...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441058/effect-of-withania-somnifera-l-dunal-on-sex-hormone-and-gonadotropin-levels-in-addicted-male-rats
#18
Batool Rahmati, Mohammad Hassan Ghosian Moghaddam, Mohsen Khalili, Ehsan Enayati, Maryam Maleki, Saeedeh Rezaeei
BACKGROUND: Opioid consumption has been widely increasing across the globe; how- ever, it can cause adverse effects on the body. Morphine, an opioid, can reduce sex hor- mones and fertility. Withania somnifera (WS) is a traditional herb used to improve sexual activities. This study strives to investigate the effect of WS on sex hormones and gonado- tropins in addicted male rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, forty-eight male National Maritime Research Institute (NMRI) rats were randomly divided into four groups: i...
July 2016: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387857/trends-in-methadone-distribution-for-pain-treatment-methadone-diversion-and-overdose-deaths-united-states-2002-2014
#19
Christopher M Jones, Grant T Baldwin, Teresa Manocchio, Jessica O White, Karin A Mack
Use of the prescription opioid methadone for treatment of pain, as opposed to treatment of opioid use disorder (e.g., addiction), has been identified as a contributor to the U.S. opioid overdose epidemic. Although methadone accounted for only 2% of opioid prescriptions in 2009 (1), it was involved in approximately 30% of overdose deaths. Beginning with 2006 warnings from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), efforts to reduce methadone use for pain have accelerated (2,3). The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation of the U...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372354/-out-of-addictions-alcohol-or-alcohol-to-alcohol
#20
L Simmat-Durand, N Vellut, C Lejeune, M Jauffret-Roustide, S Mougel, L Michel, M Planche
: Pathways from alcoholism to recovery are documented; less often are those from drug addiction to alcoholism. Biographical approaches allow analyzing how people change their uses and talk about their trajectories of recovery. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-one people (34% women) in the Paris area were questioned on their trajectories with a biographical questionnaire. Some open questions were aimed to understand the connection they made between events in their lives, how recovered they felt and what they considered strengths or obstacles...
June 29, 2016: L'Encéphale
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