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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154688/substance-use-and-cognitive-function-as-drivers-of-condomless-anal-sex-among-hiv-positive-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-aged-50-and-older-the-gold-studies
#1
Sandra A Kupprat, Kristen D Krause, Danielle C Ompad, Perry N Halkitis
PURPOSE: Substance use has been linked to the sexual transmission of HIV among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) across the lifespan. Among older, HIV-positive, MSM populations, cognitive dysfunction associated with age and HIV disease progression also may play a role in sexual risk-taking. People aged 50 years and older represent a growing proportion of the overall HIV-positive population. This study aimed to explore relationships between substance use and cognitive function, and their impact on condomless anal sex (CAS) among HIV-positive gay, bisexual, and other MSM aged 50 years and older...
November 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129680/existential-issues-in-sexual-medicine-the-relation-between-death-anxiety-and-hypersexuality
#2
REVIEW
Daniel N Watter
INTRODUCTION: Current sex therapy and sexual medicine protocols often ignore the existential dilemmas associated with sexual dysfunction and other problematic sexual problems. This oversight is especially apparent when assessing and treating the controversial phenomenon of hypersexuality, or "sexual addiction." A deeper understanding of the existential concept of death anxiety could offer an alternative treatment paradigm that might lead to a more effective treatment outcome. AIM: To explore the relation between the existential phenomenon of death anxiety and hypersexuality (ie, sexual addiction) and present an evaluation and treatment paradigm that is rooted in existential psychotherapy, a form of psychotherapy that is a deeply life-affirming and dynamic approach to therapy that focuses on concerns rooted in the individual's existence...
November 9, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115703/moderators-of-response-to-sertraline-versus-placebo-among-recently-abstinent-cocaine-dependent-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-of-two-clinical-trials
#3
Maryam Bashiri, Michael J Mancino, Virginia A Stanick, Jeff Thostenson, Thomas R Kosten, Alison H Oliveto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Moderators of treatment response to serotonin reuptake inhibitor sertraline (SRT) for cocaine dependence were assessed in two randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials. METHODS: Generalized estimating equation modeling was performed on data from cocaine-dependent volunteers randomized to receive SRT or placebo (N = 126) who completed >2-week drug-free residential portions of the 12-week trials, in which subsequent outpatient treatment (weeks 3-12) included weekly cognitive behavioral therapy and thrice-weekly supervised urine toxicology...
November 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098678/nutrition-support-therapy
#4
Li-Jun Xiao, Ran Tao
In most addictions, serious nutritional deficiencies of major proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals exist which prevent their capability to digest carbohydrates efficiently. This review aims to point out some treatment approaches in nutrition management for alcohol addiction, drug addiction, food addiction, Internet addiction and sex addiction, according to existing literatures.
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084357/adverse-events-associated-with-medium-and-long-term-use-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#5
REVIEW
Charl Els, Tanya D Jackson, Diane Kunyk, Vernon G Lappi, Barend Sonnenberg, Reidar Hagtvedt, Sangita Sharma, Fariba Kolahdooz, Sebastian Straube
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is common and can be challenging to manage. Despite increased utilisation of opioids, the safety and efficacy of long-term use of these compounds for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) remains controversial. This overview of Cochrane Reviews complements the overview entitled 'High-dose opioids for chronic non-cancer pain: an overview of Cochrane Reviews'. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the occurrence and nature of adverse events associated with any opioid agent (any dose, frequency, or route of administration) used on a medium- or long-term basis for the treatment of CNCP in adults...
October 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072184/dysfunctional-internet-behaviour-symptoms-in-association-with-personality-traits
#6
E Tsiolka, I D Bergiannaki, M Margariti, M Malliori, Ch Papageorgiou
Internet addiction is a matter of great interest for researchers, taking into consideration Internet's rapid spread and its ever growing use in children, adolescents and adults. It has been associated with multiple psychological symptoms and social difficulties, therefore raising even greater concerns for its adverse consequences. The present study that consists part of a broader research, aims to investigate the association between excessive Internet use and personality traits in an adult population. Specifically, the research examined the relation between dysfunctional internet behaviour and personality traits as neuroticism and extraversion, the two personality dimensions that have arisen as the most important ones in all relevant research...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039152/evaluation-of-the-neuropathic-pain-in-the-smokers
#7
Sercan Bulut Çelik, Hüseyin Can, Melih Kaan Sözmen, Tijen Şengezer, Yusuf Cem Kaplan, Gökçenur Utlu, Alp Şener, Arzu Aybek Yılmaz, Olgu Aygün
OBJECTIVES: Nicotine addiction is one of the most important causes of the general failure of treatment and keeping the habit of smoking. Peripheral neuropathy is a leading factor of smoking. This study aimed to analyze the association of neuropathic pain and addiction levels of individuals. METHODS: The study was performed on the day on which the smokers visited the hospital for any reason. The Douleur Neuropathique 4 (DN-4) Scale and Fagerström Addiction Survey were administered to the individuals after obtaining their consent...
July 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038777/the-abcd-study-of-neurodevelopment-identifying-neurocircuit-targets-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-adolescent-substance-abuse
#8
James M Bjork, Lisa K Straub, Rosellen G Provost, Michael C Neale
Substance use disorders (SUD) can be considered developmental disorders in light of their frequent origins in substance initiation during adolescence. Cross-sectional functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of adolescent substance users or adolescents with SUD have indicated aberrations in brain structures or circuits implicated in motivation, self-control, and mood-regulation. However, attributing these differences to the neurotoxicological effects of chronic substance use has been problematic in that these circuits are also aberrant in at-risk children, such as those with prenatal substance exposure, externalizing disorders (such as conduct disorder), or prodromal internalizing disorders such as depression...
June 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985156/barriers-to-accessing-detox-facilities-substance-use-treatment-and-residential-services-among-women-impacted-by-commercial-sexual-exploitation-trafficking
#9
Lara B Gerassi
More than 50% of women entering substance use treatment in the U.S. reported having traded sex for money or drugs. Women's participation in addiction treatment and related services is essential to their recovery and increased safety, stabilization, and quality of life. This paper's aim is to explore the barriers related to accessing detox facilities and essential services including substance use treatment and residential services for women impacted by commercial sexual exploitation (CSE). Data are drawn from a larger, community-based, grounded theory study...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977525/oxytocin-reduces-cocaine-cued-fos-activation-in-a-regionally-specific-manner
#10
Kah-Chung Leong, Linnea R Freeman, Carole R Berini, Shannon M Ghee, Ronald E See, Carmela M Reichel
Background: Oxytocin may be a possible treatment for multiple neuropsychiatric disorders, including cocaine addiction. Little is known about the site-specific effects of oxytocin on various drug addiction-related brain regions. Furthermore, sexually dimorphic effects of oxytocin on neural function in the addiction circuit have not been established. Here, we studied Fos expression following cocaine-cued reinstatement in both male and female rats. Methods: Male and female rats underwent self-administration, extinction, and reinstatement tests...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974459/sex-differences-in-incentive-motivation-and-the-relationship-to-the-development-and-maintenance-of-alcohol-use-disorders
#11
Jacqueline M Barker, Jane R Taylor
Despite considerable evidence of higher rates of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in men than in women, there is a dearth of research into the underlying causes of this disparity. As the gap in high risk drinking between men and women closes, it is critical to disentangle the biological factors that may place men and women at different risk for the development of AUDs as well as AUD-associated health problems. While sex differences in alcohol drinking have been reported in animal models and in human alcoholics, it increasingly seems that consummatory behavior may be dissociated from propensity toward inflexible and cue-elicited drug seeking and taking that characterize alcohol use disorders...
September 30, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974404/influence-of-venus-and-mars-in-the-cognitive-sky-of-schizophrenia-results-from-the-first-step-national-face-sz-cohort
#12
G Fond, L Boyer, M Leboyer, O Godin, P M Llorca, M Andrianarisoa, F Berna, L Brunel, B Aouizerate, D Capdevielle, I Chereau, T D'Amato, C Dubertret, J Dubreucq, C Faget, F Gabayet, J Mallet, D Misdrahi, R Rey, C Lancon, C Passerieux, P Roux, P Vidailhet, H Yazbek, F Schürhoff, E Bulzacka
OBJECTIVES: Sex differences can yield important clues regarding illness pathophysiology and its treatment. Schizophrenia (SZ) has a lower incidence rate, and a better prognosis, in women versus men. The present study investigated the cognitive profiles of both sexes in a large multi-centre sample of community-dwelling SZ patients. METHOD: 544 community-dwelling stable SZ subjects (141 women and 403 men; mean age 34.5±12.1 and 31.6±8.7years, respectively) were tested with a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests...
September 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949432/the-use-of-crack-and-other-illicit-drugs-impacts-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-brazilians
#13
Raquel Pippi Antoniazzi, Fabricio Batistin Zanatta, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Carlos Alberto Feldens
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of the use of crack and other illicit drugs on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in young adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 106 crack users at a public treatment center for drug addiction and 106 controls matched for gender, age, and use of tobacco. Clinical examinations were performed for dental caries and periodontal disease. The outcome was OHRQoL, which was determined using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14)...
September 26, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942596/the-multidimensional-therapeutic-potential-of-targeting-the-brain-oxytocin-system-for-the-treatment-of-substance-use-disorders
#14
Michael T Bowen, Inga D Neumann
The neuropeptide oxytocin is released both into the blood and within the brain in response to reproductive stimuli, such as birth, suckling and sex, but also in response to social interaction and stressors. Substance use disorders, or addictions, are chronic, relapsing brain disorders and are one of the major causes of global burden of disease. Unfortunately, current treatment options for substance use disorders are extremely limited and a treatment breakthrough is sorely needed. There is mounting preclinical evidence that targeting the brain oxytocin system may provide that breakthrough...
September 24, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846059/mortality-trends-among-cocaine-users-treated-between-1989-and-2013-in-northern-italy-results-of-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Raimondo Maria Pavarin, Angelo Fioritti
A total of 852 participants attending 11 centers for addiction treatment in north Italy following problems due to cocaine abuse between 1989 and 2013 were recruited. Two typologies were created: cocaine users (never heroin) (CU) and heroin and cocaine users (HCU). During the 38-year follow-up period, 4.8% of the whole cohort died. Over the whole period, tumors were the main causes of death; starting in 2010, suicide deaths became the first cause of death. Among CUs, most deaths were due to road accidents and suicide; among HCUs, most of the deaths were from opiate overdose and from cardio-circulatory system diseases...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840092/smear-grading-and-the-mantoux-skin-test-can-be-used-to-predict-sputum-smear-conversion-in-patients-suffering-from-tuberculosis
#16
Mahmood Saffari, Hadis Alizadeh Jolandimi, Mojtaba Sehat, Nastarn Vali Nejad, Mehrdad Hedayati, Mahbobeh Zamani, Amir Ghasemi
Purpose: Smear scores and induration sizes resulting from the PPD (tuberculin purified protein derivative) test can serve as indicators of whether a patient suffering from tuberculosis shows smear conversion or not. Methods: Using microbiological methods smear and sputum tests, patients diagnosed as infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis between 2002 and 2015 were included in this study. All of the assumed factors that may have a role in smear conversion were studied, in addition to the prolongation of tuberculosis...
2017: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782978/smoking-consequences-questionnaire-a-reevaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-across-two-independent-samples-of-smokers
#17
Lorra Garey, Kara Manning, Charles Jardin, Adam M Leventhal, Matthew Stone, Amanda M Raines, Raina D Pang, Clayton Neighbors, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
Drug use outcome expectancies are a central construct to psychosocial theories of addictive disorders. In tobacco literature, the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire (SCQ; Brandon & Baker, 1991) is a tool used to assess this construct. Despite its common use, the SCQ has received little psychometric evaluation. In the current report, samples from 2 studies were used to examine the assumed SCQ structure, develop a novel truncated scale, and evaluate the psychometric properties of the novel scale. In Study 1, the 4-factor SCQ structure was examined using data from 343 (32...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743602/menthol-disrupts-nicotine-s-psychostimulant-properties-in-an-age-and-sex-dependent-manner-in-c57bl-6j-mice
#18
Benjamin W Fait, David C Thompson, Tenna N Mose, Peter Jatlow, Sven E Jordt, Marina R Picciotto, Yann S Mineur
Menthol is a commonly used flavorant in tobacco and e-cigarettes, and could contribute to nicotine sensitivity. To understand how menthol could contribute to nicotine intake and addiction, it is important to determine whether specific mechanisms related to sex and age could underlie behavioral changes induced by menthol-laced nicotinic products. Using a validated paradigm of nicotine-dependent locomotor stimulation, adolescent and adult C57BL/6J mice of both sexes were exposed to nicotine, or nicotine laced with menthol, as their sole source of fluid, and psychostimulant effects were evaluated by recording home cage locomotor activity for ten days...
September 15, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734637/-asthma-and-heroin-use
#19
REVIEW
Michel Underner, Jean Perriot, Gérard Peiffer, Nematollah Jaafari
INTRODUCTION: Heroin use can be responsible for many respiratory complications including asthma. OBJECTIVES: Systematic literature review of data on asthma in heroin users. DOCUMENTARY SOURCES: Medline(®), on the period 1980-2017 with the following keywords: keywords: "asthma" or "bronchospasm" and "heroin" or "opiate" or "opiates", limits "title/abstract"; the selected languages were English or French. Among 97 articles, 67 abstracts have given use to a dual reading to select 23 studies...
July 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727662/paraphilic-thoughts-behaviors-and-sex-addiction-in-a-sample-of-persons-who-use-drugs-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jales Clemente, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Jair de Jesus Mari, Claudio Jeronimo da Silva, Paulo Roberto Henrique Santana, Alessandra Diehl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of paraphilic thoughts/behaviors (including paraphilic disorders) with and without sexual addiction and sexual-related conditions in a sample of substance disorder patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of substance-dependent individuals who sought outpatient treatment in São Paulo, Brazil. Data included sociodemographic information, drug of choice, responses to questions about sexual behavior, and to the following standardized questionnaires: (a) Sexual Addiction Screening Test, and (b) Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
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