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Classification system

Raikan Büyükavcı, Mehmet Akif Büyükavcı
The aim of this study was to detect effects of ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin type-A (US-guided BoNT-A) injections prepared according to lower extremity innervation zones on spasticity and motor function in 3-16 years children with diplegic and hemiplegic spastic cerebral palsy. This study included 25 patients between 3 and 16 years of age who admitted to our clinic in 2017, were being followed in our clinic with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy, had BoNT-A injections due to lower extremity spasticity. The US-guided BoNT-A injections were administered into the spastic muscles using a specific approach according to innervation zones of muscle...
April 24, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
José M Domínguez, Flavia Nilo, María T Martínez, José M Massardo, Sueli Muñoz, Tania Contreras, Rocío Carmona, Joaquín Jerez, Hernán González, Nicolás Droppelmann, Augusto León
Objective We aimed to describe the presentation of papillary microcarcinoma (PTMC) and identify the clinical and histological features associated with persistence/recurrence in a Latin American cohort. Subjects and methods Retrospective study of PTMC patients who underwent total thyroidectomy, with or without radioactive iodine (RAI), and who were followed for at least 2 years. Risk of recurrence was estimated with ATA 2009 and 2015 classifications, and risk of mortality with 7th and 8th AJCC/TNM systems. Clinical data obtained during follow-up were used to detect structural and biochemical persistence/recurrence...
February 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Gileard G Masenga, Benjamin C Shayo, Vibeke Rasch
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence and risk-factors of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in Tanzania are unknown. To help elucidate the problem, we assessed POP and associated risk-factors among Tanzanian women by deploying the POP-Q classification system. METHOD: A cross sectional community based study conducted in Hai, Rombo and Same Districts, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. Women aged 18-90 were recruited through multi-stage random sampling from January to May 2015. Home-based questionnaire interviews were performed and the women were subsequently invited to the nearest health clinic for pelvic examination...
2018: PloS One
Alejandro Cervantes, Tom Sloan, Julio Hernandez-Castro, Pedro Isasi
This paper tries to tackle the modern challenge of practical steganalysis over large data by presenting a novel approach whose aim is to perform with perfect accuracy and in a completely automatic manner. The objective is to detect changes introduced by the steganographic process in those data objects, including signatures related to the tools being used. Our approach achieves this by first extracting reliable regularities by analyzing pairs of modified and unmodified data objects; then, combines these findings by creating general patterns present on data used for training...
2018: PloS One
Huitao Shen, Bo Zhen, Liang Fu
We develop the topological band theory for systems described by non-Hermitian Hamiltonians, whose energy spectra are generally complex. After generalizing the notion of gapped band structures to the non-Hermitian case, we classify "gapped" bands in one and two dimensions by explicitly finding their topological invariants. We find nontrivial generalizations of the Chern number in two dimensions, and a new classification in one dimension, whose topology is determined by the energy dispersion rather than the energy eigenstates...
April 6, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Sang-Woo Seo, Myunggyu Kim, Yejin Kim
Estimation of the motion of ball-shaped objects is essential for the operation of ball sport simulators. In this paper, we propose an estimation system for 3D ball motion, including speed and angle of projection, by using acoustic vector and infrared (IR) scanning sensors. Our system is comprised of three steps to estimate a ball motion: sound-based ball firing detection, sound source localization, and IR scanning for motion analysis. First, an impulsive sound classification based on the mel-frequency cepstrum and feed-forward neural network is introduced to detect the ball launch sound...
April 25, 2018: Sensors
Raj Rakshit, Anwesha Khasnobish, Arijit Chowdhury, Arijit Sinharay, Arpan Pal, Tapas Chakravarty
Smoking causes unalterable physiological abnormalities in the pulmonary system. This is emerging as a serious threat worldwide. Unlike spirometry, tidal breathing does not require subjects to undergo forceful breathing maneuvers and is progressing as a new direction towards pulmonary health assessment. The aim of the paper is to evaluate whether tidal breathing signatures can indicate deteriorating adult lung condition in an otherwise healthy person. If successful, such a system can be used as a pre-screening tool for all people before some of them need to undergo a thorough clinical checkup...
April 25, 2018: Sensors
Jaeyoung Lee, Mohamed Abdel-Aty, Qing Cai, Ling Wang
OBJECTIVE: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) play a vital role in the post-crash effort to reduce fatalities by providing first aid treatment and transportation to medical facilities. This study aims to analyze the time required for crash reporting and EMS arrival in fatal traffic crashes and to explore the effects of EMS time on the traffic injury severity. METHODS: The time required for EMS reporting, arrival, and transport to hospital were calculated by location type and roadway functional classification using 2016 FARS (Fatality Analysis Reporting System) data...
April 25, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Alvise Berti, Roscoe Warner, Kent Johnson, Divi Cornec, Darrell Schroeder, Brian Kabat, Carol A Langford, Gary S Hoffman, Fernanado C Fervenza, Cees G M Kallenberg, Philip Seo, Robert Spiera, E William St Clair, Paul Brunetta, John H Stone, Peter A Merkel, Ulrich Specks, Paul A Monach
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate circulating cytokine profiles in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV), classified by ANCA specificity (proteinase 3 (PR3)-ANCA versus myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA) or by clinical diagnosis (granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) versus microscopic polyangiitis (MPA)). METHODS: A panel of 29 cytokines was tested in 186 patients with active AAV at inclusion into the Rituximab in AAV (RAVE) trial. Cytokine concentrations were compared between groups within each classification system...
April 25, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Sanjeevani Shekhar Deshkar, Govind R Borde, Rupali N Kale, Balasaheb A Waghmare, Asha Biju Thomas
Introduction: Spherical agglomeration is one of the novel techniques for improvement of flow and dissolution properties of drugs. Cilostazol is a biopharmaceutics classification system Class II drug with poor solubility resulting in limited bioavailability. The present study aims at improving the solubility and dissolution of cilostazol by crystallo-co-agglomeration technique. Materials and Methods: Cilostazol agglomerates were prepared using various polymers with varying concentration of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose E 50 (HPMC E50), polyvinyl pyrrolidone K30 (PVP K30), and polyethylene glycol 6000...
October 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
Mohsen Rezaeian, Maryam Rouhani Tonekaboni, Foad Iranmanesh
Introduction: A successful endodontic treatment depends on a comprehensive knowledge of the morphology of canal and its variations, an appropriate access cavity, proper cleaning and shaping and adequate root canal filling. The present study was carried out to evaluate the root canal morphology of permanent maxillary first molars in an Iranian population. Methods and Materials: In this in vitro study, 80 extracted permanent maxillary first molars from a population in Rafsanjan, Iran were collected...
2018: Iranian Endodontic Journal
Benjamin U Cowley, Jussi Korpela
Existing tools for the preprocessing of EEG data provide a large choice of methods to suitably prepare and analyse a given dataset. Yet it remains a challenge for the average user to integrate methods for batch processing of the increasingly large datasets of modern research, and compare methods to choose an optimal approach across the many possible parameter configurations. Additionally, many tools still require a high degree of manual decision making for, e.g., the classification of artifacts in channels, epochs or segments...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Kozue Akamine, Keiko Mekaru, Keiya Gibo, Chinatsu Nagata, Sugiko Oishi, Maho Miyagi, Chiaki Heshiki, Tadatugu Kinjo, Hitoshi Masamoto, Yoichi Aoki
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of embryo quality on pregnancy outcomes. Methods: This retrospective analysis included 80 live singleton births, resulting from morphologically good-quality embryo transfers, and 25 live singleton births that resulted from morphologically poor-quality embryo transfers between January, 2008 and December, 2014. Cleavage embryos that were graded as ≥2, according to the Veeck classification system, and blastocysts that were graded as ≥3BB, according to the Gardner classification system, were defined as good quality...
April 2018: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
Narges E Omran, Abdulsalam A Noorwali
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that mainly affects the joints, therefore, may cause deformities and disability if untreated. The first line of treatment is disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). When the patient fails to respond to DMARDs, mainly methotrexate, then second-line therapy is required. Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of RA; however, the treatment with anti-TNFα medications is challenging. It may trigger the autoimmune system and result in producing antibodies that induce symptoms and signs mimic to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and in rare situations can affect vital organs with severe and life-threatening complications...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Abhiram Kalle, Archana Gudipati, Sree Bhushan Raju, Karthik Kalidindi, Swarnalatha Guditi, Gangadhar Taduri, Megha S Uppin
INTRODUCTION: Kidney involvement is a major cause of mortality in systemic amyloidosis. Glomerulus is the most common site of deposition in renal amyloidosis, and nephrotic syndrome is the most common presentation. Distinction between AA and AL is done using immunofluorescence (IF) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Renal biopsy helps in diagnosis and also predicting the clinical course by applying scoring and grading to the biopsy findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study includes all cases of biopsy-proven renal amyloidosis from January 2008 to May 2017...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Aneesh Srivastava, Ankur Bansal, Sanjoy K Sureka, Priyank Yadav, Devarshi Srivastava, Rahul Jena, Uday P Singh, Saurabh Vashishtha, M S Ansari, Rakesh Kapoor
Introduction: Kocak described a modification of Clavien-Dindo classification system (CDCS) for reporting procedure-related complications in laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN). We used the Kocak modification in grading and reporting the severity of complications in patients who underwent LDN and in evaluating various parameters that predict them. Methods: In all, 1430 patients who underwent left LDN from 2000 to 2016 were included in this study. All data was retrospectively collected and analyzed for complications occurring in the postoperative period...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
Amra Adrovic, Sezgin Sahin, Kenan Barut, Ozgur Kasapcopur
BACKGROUND: Juvenile scleroderma is a rarely seen chronic connective tissue disorder characterized by stiffening of the skin. The frequency of the disease was reported as one per million. According to organ involvement, the disease is divided into two main forms: systemic and localized scleroderma. OBJECTIVES: Since it is uncommon in children, many aspects of the disease remain discussable. With this review, we aimed to revise recent findings and new developments in this rare condition...
April 22, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reviews
Qian Shen, Li Zhu, Hong Ye Cao
Continuous improvement of urban water environment and overall control of black and odorous water body are not merely national strategic needs with the action plan for prevention and treatment of water pollution, but also the hot issues attracting the attention of people. Most previous researches concentrated on the study of cause, evaluation and treatment measures of this phenomenon, and there are few researches on the monitoring using remote sensing, which is often a strain to meet the national needs of operational monitoring...
October 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Lixuan Niu, Juan Wang, Huajie Yu, Lixin Qiu
BACKGROUND: It is complicated to select an appropriate sinus floor elevation and the procedure for sinus floor elevation lacks of consensus. Sinus contour plays an important role in choosing a surgery approach. But there are still no published articles revealing the influence of sinus contours to sinus floor elevation surgery. PURPOSE: We propose a new classification depending on sinus contours from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), analyze clinical characters of different types, and investigate the relationship between sinus contours and sinus floor elevation...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Lisbeth Fagerström, Marina Kinnunen, Jan Saarela
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the daily workload per nurse (Oulu Patient Classification (OPCq)/nurse) as measured by the RAFAELA system correlates with different types of patient safety incidents and with patient mortality, and to compare the results with regressions based on the standard patients/nurse measure. SETTING: We obtained data from 36 units from four Finnish hospitals. One was a tertiary acute care hospital, and the three others were secondary acute care hospitals...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
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