keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Classification system

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223113/comparisons-of-severity-classification-systems-for-oropharyngeal-dysfunction-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-relations-with-other-functional-profiles
#1
Yu-Ra Goh, Ja Young Choi, Seon Ah Kim, Jieun Park, Eun Sook Park
This study aimed to investigate the relationships between various classification systems assessing the severity of oropharyngeal dysphagia and communication function and other functional profiles in children with cerebral palsy (CP). This is a prospective, cross-sectional, study in a university-affiliated, tertiary-care hospital. We recruited 151 children with CP (mean age 6.11 years, SD 3.42, range 3-18yr). The Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS) and the dysphagia scales of Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS), Swallow Function Scales (SFS), and Food Intake Level Scale (FILS) were used...
December 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222706/acute-toxicity-of-fresh-and-aged-residues-of-pesticides-to-the-parasitoid-tamarixia-radiata-and-to-the-hlb-bacteria-vector-diaphorina-citri
#2
V H Beloti, G R Alves, R A Moral, C G B Demétrio, P T Yamamoto
One method for controlling the Asian citrus psyllid (ACP) Diaphorina citri Kuwayama, the vector of the putative causal agent of Huanglongbing, uses the parasitoid Tamarixia radiata (Waterston). However, the general intensive use of insecticides has reduced the numbers of this parasitoid. This study evaluated the effect of the residual action of 24 insecticides on T. radiata and also determined the differential toxicity of insecticides to D. citri and T. radiata, using three bioassays. In the first, when adults of the parasitoid were exposed to residues of the 24 insecticides, ten were considered short-life (class 1), six slightly persistent (class 2), five moderately persistent (class 3), and three insecticides were considered persistent (class 4), under the IOBC/WPRS classification system...
December 8, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222373/2-classification-and-diagnosis-of-diabetes-standards-of-medical-care-in-diabetes-2018
#3
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) "Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes" includes ADA's current clinical practice recommendations and is intended to provide the components of diabetes care, general treatment goals and guidelines, and tools to evaluate quality of care. Members of the ADA Professional Practice Committee, a multidisciplinary expert committee, are responsible for updating the Standards of Care annually, or more frequently as warranted. For a detailed description of ADA standards, statements, and reports, as well as the evidence-grading system for ADA's clinical practice recommendations, please refer to the Standards of Care Introduction Readers who wish to comment on the Standards of Care are invited to do so at professional...
January 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221878/universal-insurance-and-an-equal-access-healthcare-system-eliminate-disparities-for-black-patients-after-traumatic-injury
#4
Muhammad Ali Chaudhary, Meesha Sharma, Rebecca E Scully, Daniel J Sturgeon, Tracey Koehlmoos, Adil H Haider, Andrew J Schoenfeld
BACKGROUND: Although inequities in trauma care are reported widely, some groups have theorized that universal health insurance would decrease disparities in care for disadvantaged minorities after a traumatic injury. We sought to examine the presence of racial disparities in outcomes and healthcare utilization at 30- and 90-days after discharge in this universally insured, racially diverse, American population treated for traumatic injuries. METHODS: This work studied adult beneficiaries of TRICARE treated at both military and civilian trauma centers 2006-2014...
December 5, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221636/urothelial-neoplasms-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients-a-large-single-center-series
#5
James A Saltsman, Marcus M Malek, Victor E Reuter, William J Hammond, Enrico Danzer, Harry W Herr, Michael P LaQuaglia
PURPOSE: Bladder cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the United States, but is exceedingly rare in young patients, leading to a lack of accepted standards for diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance. We review our institutional experience with bladder urothelial neoplasms in pediatric and young adult patients summarizing presentation, treatment, and outcomes. METHODS: Surgical pathology records at our institution were searched for cases of urothelial neoplasms among patients ≤25 years of age treated between January 1997 and September 2016...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221468/fever-in-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-congenital-malformations-a-cohort-study
#6
L Sass, S K Urhoj, J Kjærgaard, J W Dreier, K Strandberg-Larsen, A-M Nybo Andersen
BACKGROUND: In a variety of animal species, hyperthermia in pregnancy has been recognized as teratogenic. Hyperthermia interferes with protein synthesis via heat-shock proteins, which can entail membrane disruption, cell death, vascular disruption, and placental infarction. This can induce severe fetal malformations or death. Fever during pregnancy, especially during embryogenesis, has also been associated with congenital malformations in human offspring. The purpose of this large cohort study of clinically recognized pregnancies was to investigate whether fever during first trimester was associated with an increased risk of congenital malformations in the offspring...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221349/ab-thymoma-with-atypical-type-a-component-with-delayed-multiple-lung-and-brain-metastases
#7
Wieslawa Grajkowska, Ewa Matyja, Jacek Kunicki, Sylwia Szymanska, Alexander Marx, Cleo-Aron Weis, Renata Langfort, Malgorzata Szolkowska
An atypical type A thymoma is a newly added entity to the last World Health Organization (WHO) histological classification [2015] of uncertain prognosis. The conventional type A and AB thymomas are usually locally aggressive neoplasms that rarely metastasize with distant metastases to the central nervous system (CNS) occurring extremely exceptionally. We present a history of a woman with a mediastinal tumor originally considered to be a Masaoka-Koga stage II "mixed thymoma with well-differentiated thymic carcinoma component" according to the historic Müller-Hermelink nomenclature...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221286/automatic-lung-rads%C3%A2-classification-with-a-natural-language-processing-system
#8
Sebastian E Beyer, Brady J McKee, Shawn M Regis, Andrea B McKee, Sebastian Flacke, Gilan El Saadawi, Christoph Wald
Background: Our aim was to train a natural language processing (NLP) algorithm to capture imaging characteristics of lung nodules reported in a structured CT report and suggest the applicable Lung-RADS™ (LR) category. Methods: Our study included structured, clinical reports of consecutive CT lung screening (CTLS) exams performed from 08/2014 to 08/2015 at an ACR accredited Lung Cancer Screening Center. All patients screened were at high-risk for lung cancer according to the NCCN Guidelines®...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220725/sparse-view-neutron-photon-computed-tomography-object-reconstruction-and-material-discrimination
#9
Ali Pour Yazdanpanah, Jessica Hartman, Emma Regentova, Alexander Barzilov
Taking into account the advantages of both neutron- and photon-based systems, we propose combined neutron-photon computed tomography (CT) under a sparse-view setting and demonstrate its performance for 3D object visualization and material discrimination. We use a high-performance regularization method for CT reconstruction by combining regularization based on total variation (TV) and curvelet transform in cone beam geometry. It is coupled with proposed 2D material signatures which is pairs of photon to neutron transmission ratios and neutron transmission values per object space voxels...
November 28, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220616/interventions-to-improve-or-maintain-lower-limb-function-among-ambulatory-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-current-practice-in-the-uk
#10
Gerasimos Taflampas, Cherry Kilbride, Wendy Levin, Grace Lavelle, Jennifer M Ryan
OBJECTIVES: To describe physiotherapy management to improve or maintain lower-limb function among adolescents with cerebral palsy, classified in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I-III, in the United Kingdom (UK). METHODS: A list of interventions was identified using a nominal group technique and developed into a survey, which was distributed to approximately 2,100 pediatric physiotherapists in the UK through the Association of Pediatric Chartered Physiotherapists and a private physiotherapy clinic in London between April and June 2015...
December 8, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220613/fully-automated-pipetting-sorting-system-for-different-morphological-phenotypes-of-zebrafish-embryos
#11
Helmut Breitwieser, Thomas Dickmeis, Marcel Vogt, Marco Ferg, Christian Pylatiuk
Systems biology methods, such as transcriptomics and metabolomics, require large numbers of small model organisms, such as zebrafish embryos. Manual separation of mutant embryos from wild-type embryos is a tedious and time-consuming task that is prone to errors, especially if there are variable phenotypes of a mutant. Here we describe a zebrafish embryo sorting system with two cameras and image processing based on template-matching algorithms. In order to evaluate the system, zebrafish rx3 mutants that lack eyes due to a patterning defect in brain development were separated from their wild-type siblings...
December 1, 2017: SLAS Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220407/respiratory-resistance-and-reactance-in-adults-with-sickle-cell-anemia-correlation-with-functional-exercise-capacity-and-diagnostic-use
#12
Cirlene de Lima Marinho, Maria Christina Paixão Maioli, Jorge Luis Machado do Amaral, Agnaldo José Lopes, Pedro Lopes de Melo
BACKGROUND: The improvement in sickle cell anemia (SCA) care resulted in the emergence of a large population of adults living with this disease. The mechanisms of lung injury in this new population are largely unknown. The forced oscillation technique (FOT) represents the current state-of-the-art in the assessment of lung function. The present work uses the FOT to improve our knowledge about the respiratory abnormalities in SCA, evaluates the associations of FOT with the functional exercise capacity and investigates the early detection of respiratory abnormalities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220305/spiking-neural-classifier-with-lumped-dendritic-nonlinearity-and-binary-synapses-a-current-mode-vlsi-implementation-and-analysis
#13
Aritra Bhaduri, Amitava Banerjee, Subhrajit Roy, Sougata Kar, Arindam Basu
We present a neuromorphic current mode implementation of a spiking neural classifier with lumped square law dendritic nonlinearity. It has been shown previously in software simulations that such a system with binary synapses can be trained with structural plasticity algorithms to achieve comparable classification accuracy with fewer synaptic resources than conventional algorithms. We show that even in real analog systems with manufacturing imperfections (CV of 23.5% and 14.4% for dendritic branch gains and leaks respectively), this network is able to produce comparable results with fewer synaptic resources...
December 8, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220207/mr-imaging-of-muscle-trauma-anatomy-biomechanics-pathophysiology-and-imaging-appearance
#14
Dyan V Flores, Catalina Mejía Gómez, Mauricio Estrada-Castrillón, Edward Smitaman, Mini N Pathria
Muscle is an important component of the muscle-tendon-bone unit, driving skeletal motion through contractions that alter the length of the muscle. The muscle and myotendinous junction (MTJ) are most commonly injured in the young adult, as a result of indirect mechanisms such as overuse or stretching, direct impact (penetrating or nonpenetrating), or dysfunction of the supporting connective tissues. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is widely used for assessment of muscle injuries. This review illustrates the MR imaging appearance of a broad spectrum of acute, subacute, and chronic traumatic lesions of muscle, highlighting the pathophysiology, biomechanics, and anatomic considerations underlying these lesions...
December 8, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219888/computed-tomography-features-associated-with-the-eighth-edition-tnm-stage-classification-for-thymic-epithelial-tumors
#15
Sukhmani K Padda, Donato Terrone, Lu Tian, Amanda Khuong, Joel W Neal, Jonathan W Riess, Mark F Berry, Chuong D Hoang, Bryan M Burt, Ann N Leung, Erich J Schwartz, Joseph B Shrager, Heather A Wakelee
PURPOSE: The eighth edition of the TNM classification of malignant tumors for the first time includes an official staging system for thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) recognized by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC). Staging is critical for the management of TETs, and determining stage accurately from imaging has the potential to improve clinical outcomes. We examine preoperative computed tomography (CT) characteristics of TETs associated with AJCC/UICC pathologic TNM stage...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219799/-characteristics-and-healthcare-utilization-of-patients-with-highest-costs-of-care
#16
J J G Wammes, M Tanke, W Jonkers, G P Westert, P J van der Wees, P P T Jeurissen
OBJECTIVE: To determine characteristics and healthcare utilization of high-cost patients in the Netherlands. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, using claim data for 2013 from one Dutch health insurer. Analyses were limited to the curative health system (care that falls under the Health Insurance Act), including voluntary supplementary insurance. METHOD: We established total healthcare costs per beneficiary by summing all claims with a starting date in 2013...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219070/predicting-human-splicing-branchpoints-by-combining-sequence-derived-features-and-multi-label-learning-methods
#17
Wen Zhang, Xiaopeng Zhu, Yu Fu, Junko Tsuji, Zhiping Weng
BACKGROUND: Alternative splicing is the critical process in a single gene coding, which removes introns and joins exons, and splicing branchpoints are indicators for the alternative splicing. Wet experiments have identified a great number of human splicing branchpoints, but many branchpoints are still unknown. In order to guide wet experiments, we develop computational methods to predict human splicing branchpoints. RESULTS: Considering the fact that an intron may have multiple branchpoints, we transform the branchpoint prediction as the multi-label learning problem, and attempt to predict branchpoint sites from intron sequences...
December 1, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218971/an-evaluation-of-medication-reconciliation-in-an-outpatient-nephrology-clinic
#18
Matthew Phillips, Jo-Anne Wilson, Amany Aly, Marsha Wood, Penelope Poyah, Sarah Drost, Anne Hiltz, Holly Carver
Background: Accreditation Canada recognizes medication reconciliation as a key required organizational practice (ROP) to enhance patient safety. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) carry a high risk for adverse drug events due to multiple co-morbidities, using many medications, and being cared for by many practitioners. Data evaluating the benefits of ambulatory medication reconciliation (AmbMR) in patients with advanced CKD is limited. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated types and rates of medication discrepancies and their potential index for patient harm using the Cornish classification system in a cohort of consecutive non-dialysis-dependent CKD stage 5 patients who received AmbMR...
April 2017: CANNT Journal, Journal ACITN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218887/a-heuristic-method-for-simulating-open-data-of-arbitrary-complexity-that-can-be-used-to-compare-and-evaluate-machine-learning-methods
#19
Jason H Moore, Maksim Shestov, Peter Schmitt, Randal S Olson
A central challenge of developing and evaluating artificial intelligence and machine learning methods for regression and classification is access to data that illuminates the strengths and weaknesses of different methods. Open data plays an important role in this process by making it easy for computational researchers to easily access real data for this purpose. Genomics has in some examples taken a leading role in the open data effort starting with DNA microarrays. While real data from experimental and observational studies is necessary for developing computational methods it is not sufficient...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218788/alternative-solutions-to-a-language-design-problem-the-role-of-adjectives-and-gender-marking-in-efficient-communication
#20
Melody Dye, Petar Milin, Richard Futrell, Michael Ramscar
A central goal of typological research is to characterize linguistic features in terms of both their functional role and their fit to social and cognitive systems. One long-standing puzzle concerns why certain languages employ grammatical gender. In an information theoretic analysis of German noun classification, Dye, Milin, Futrell, and Ramscar (2017) enumerated a number of important processing advantages gender confers. Yet this raises a further puzzle: If gender systems are so beneficial to processing, what does this mean for languages that make do without them? Here, we compare the communicative function of gender marking in German (a deterministic system) to that of prenominal adjectives in English (a probabilistic one), finding that despite their differences, both systems act to efficiently smooth information over discourse, making nouns more equally predictable in context...
December 8, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
keyword
keyword
70692
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"