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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210820/update-review-and-clinical-presentation-in-adult-inferior-dislocation-of-hip
#1
REVIEW
Kevin Syam, Balaji Saibaba, Sameer Aggarwal, Sivaswaminathan Santhanam, Gopinath Palanisamy
Inferior dislocation of the hip is a rare clinical entity, wherein closed reduction maneuver could be challenging, especially if the attending surgeon is not familiar with the specific anatomy associated with this injury. Due to the rarity of this type of injury, large case series are lacking in the literature; hence, case reports form the major source of our knowledge regarding the clinical presentation and management. An extensive literature search revealed a change in age group presenting with this specific injury, with a male predilection...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192579/infectious-diseases-and-immunizations-in-international-adoption
#2
Emily Obringer, Linda Walsh
Children who are adopted internationally have an increased risk of infectious diseases due to endemic conditions and variable access to preventive health care, such as vaccines, in their country of origin. Pediatricians and other providers who care for children should be familiar with the recommended screening for newly arrived international adoptees. Testing for gastrointestinal pathogens, tuberculosis, hepatitis, syphilis, and HIV should be routinely performed. Other endemic diseases and common skin infections may need to be assessed...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178918/global-health-training-among-u-s-residency-specialties-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Duncan K Hau, Luke R Smart, Jennifer I DiPace, Robert N Peck
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health training during residency is increasing. Global health knowledge is also becoming essential for health-care delivery today. Many U.S. residency programs have been incorporating global health training opportunities for their residents. We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate global health training opportunities and challenges among U.S. residency specialties. METHODS: We searched PubMed from its earliest dates until October 2015...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177972/sustained-overcorrection-after-autologous-facial-fat-grafting-in-the-pediatric-population-a-case-series
#4
Kathryn Ries Tringale, Samuel Lance, Anna Schoenbrunner, Amanda A Gosman
INTRODUCTION: Autologous fat grafting is a valuable tool in the correction of facial soft tissue asymmetry and volume deficits. Pubertal growth and fluctuations in body mass present unique challenges to achieving satisfactory results after autologous fat transfer in the pediatric population. Few studies exist describing the outcomes and complications of pediatric facial fat grafting. The objective of this study is to identify the complication profile and outcomes after autologous fat grafting for the correction of facial asymmetry and volume deficits in the pediatric population...
February 8, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164026/a-pilot-validation-study-of-crowdsourcing-systematic-reviews-update-of-a-searchable-database-of-pediatric-clinical-trials-of-high-dose-vitamin-d
#5
Nassr Nama, Klevis Iliriani, Meng Yang Xia, Brian P Chen, Linghong Linda Zhou, Supichaya Pojsupap, Coralea Kappel, Katie O'Hearn, Margaret Sampson, Kusum Menon, James Dayre McNally
BACKGROUND: Completing large systematic reviews and maintaining them up to date poses significant challenges. This is mainly due to the toll required of a small group of experts to screen and extract potentially eligible citations. Automated approaches have failed so far in providing an accessible and adaptable tool to the research community. Over the past decade, crowdsourcing has become attractive in the scientific field, and implementing it in citation screening could save the investigative team significant work and decrease the time to publication...
January 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161424/integration-of-data-from-a-safety-net-health-care-system-into-the-vaccine-safety-datalink
#6
Simon J Hambidge, Colleen Ross, Jo Ann Shoup, Kris Wain, Komal Narwaney, Kristin Breslin, Eric S Weintraub, Michael M McNeil
BACKGROUND: In 2013 the Institute of Medicine suggested that the Vaccine Safety DataLink (VSD) should broaden its population by including data of more patients from low income and racially and ethnically diverse backgrounds. In response, Kaiser Permanente Colorado (KPCO) partnered with Denver Health (DH), an integrated safety net health care system, to explore the integration of DH data. METHODS: We compared three different methods (reference date of September 1, 2013): "Empanelment" (any patient who has had a primary care visit in the past 18months), "Proxy-enrollment" (two health care visits in 3years separated by 90days), and "Enrollment" in a managed care plan...
February 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141791/former-very-preterm-infants-show-alterations-in-plasma-amino-acid-profiles-at-a-preschool-age
#7
Anna Posod, Susanne Müller, Irena Odri Komazec, Daniel Dejaco, Ulrike Pupp Peglow, Elke Griesmaier, Sabine Scholl-Bürgi, Daniela Karall, Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer
BACKGROUND: Amino acid analysis is a valuable tool for cardiovascular risk assessment. Preterm infants display plasma amino acid changes in the newborn period. Whether these changes persist is unknown to date. The aim of the present study was to assess whether former very preterm infants (VPI) show alterations in amino acid patterns indicative of an unfavorable cardiovascular risk profile at a preschool age. METHODS: Five- to seven-year-old children born at term or <32 weeks' gestation (VPI) were included in the study...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133691/impairments-activity-limitations-and-participation-restrictions-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-model-in-children-with-ambulatory-cerebral-palsy
#8
Akmer Mutlu, Sema Büğüşan, Özgün K Kara
To examine the impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions in children with spastic unilateral and bilateral cerebral palsy (CP). We investigated the relationship between these factors according to the international classification of functioning, disability, and health (ICF) model. Methods: This prospective cross sectional study included 60 children aged between 4-18 years with spastic CP (30 unilateral, 30 bilateral involvement) classified as Levels I and II on the gross motor function classification system...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124468/congenital-mesoblastic-nephroma-50-years-after-its-recognition-a-narrative-review
#9
S L Gooskens, M E Houwing, G M Vujanic, J S Dome, T Diertens, A Coulomb-l'Herminé, J Godzinski, K Pritchard-Jones, N Graf, M M van den Heuvel-Eibrink
Congenital mesoblastic nephroma (CMN) is a rare pediatric renal tumor with low malignant potential that most commonly occurs early in infancy. Treatment strategies are based on the few published CMN series, while a significant number of CMN patients have been described in case reports. The aim of this narrative review was to create an up-to-date overview of the literature. Complete surgical removal is curative in most cases. The risk of treatment-related mortality (both surgery- and chemotherapy-related) is relatively high in the first weeks of life, indicating that these young patients deserve special attention with respect to timing and type of treatment...
January 26, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118217/postoperative-pediatric-cerebellar-mutism-after-posterior-fossa-surgery-a-case-report
#10
Jerry Y Chao, Che Liu, Naveen Shetty, Ushma Shah
Cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS) is a common complication of posterior fossa surgery that can confound the postanesthetic examination and have long-lasting impacts. There is confusion surrounding its precise description, diagnostic features, and associated morbidity. Here, we discuss the most up-to-date knowledge of CMS drawing from a clinical case in the context of 3 new reports: (1) an international consensus paper presenting a new proposed working definition by the Iceland Delphi Group, (2) a knowledge update by Gadgil et al, (3) and a review of neuroimaging-based data elucidating the etiology of CMS by Patay...
January 23, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095022/estimating-effective-dose-of-radiation-from-pediatric-cardiac-ct-angiography-using-a-64-mdct-scanner-new-conversion-factors-relating-dose-length-product-to-effective-dose
#11
Sigal Trattner, Anjali Chelliah, Peter Prinsen, Carrie B Ruzal-Shapiro, Yanping Xu, Sachin Jambawalikar, Maxwell Amurao, Andrew J Einstein
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the conversion factors that enable accurate estimation of the effective dose (ED) used for cardiac 64-MDCT angiography performed for children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anthropomorphic phantoms representative of 1- and 10-year-old children, with 50 metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor dosimeters placed in organs, underwent scanning performed using a 64-MDCT scanner with different routine clinical cardiac scan modes and x-ray tube potentials...
January 17, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040462/comparison-between-pediatric-and-adult-adipose-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#12
Olivier Abbo, Marion Taurand, Paul Monsarrat, Isabelle Raymond, Emmanuelle Arnaud, Sandra De Barros, Françoise Auriol, Philippe Galinier, Louis Casteilla, Valerie Planat-Benard
BACKGROUND: Adipose-derived mesenchymalstromal cells (ASC) are currently tested in regenerative medicine to promote tissue reconstruction after injury. Regardingautologous purpose, the possible loss of therapeutic function and cell properties during aging have been questioned in adults. To date no reliable information is available concerning ASC from pediatric patients and a better knowledge is required for clinical applications. METHODS: Subcutaneous adipose tissue was collected from 27 donors (0-1 years old) and 50 donors (1-12 years old) and compared with adult ASC for in vitro characteristics...
December 28, 2016: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032046/parents-satisfaction-with-pediatric-dental-care-provided-by-dental-college-riyadh
#13
Manal A AlMutairi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the level of parents' satisfaction with pediatric dental care provided by dental students at the College of Dentistry and explore the factors associated with various parents' demographics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among parents (n = 150) whose children received dental care in dental colleges in King Saud University (KSU) in Riyadh. The parents were asked to fill a self-administered dental satisfaction questionnaire between Februry and April 2016...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028812/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-the-management-of-pediatric-migraine
#14
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Nandini Venkatanarayanan, Lakshmi Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Migraine headaches are common in children and adolescents. Current pharmacologic treatment options are limited despite the prevalence and debilitating effects of pediatric migraine. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based practice that focuses on the development of coping strategies and cognitive restructuring to alter the pain experience. Till date, no meta-analysis has been done to examine the use of CBT in pediatric migraine. METHODS: Using the keywords (cognitive behavioral therapy OR cognitive behavior therapy OR cognitive behavioral therapy OR cognitive behavior therapy OR CBT) AND (headache OR migraine), a preliminary search on the PubMed and Ovid database yielded 3841 articles published in English between 1 Jan 1980 and 1 May 2016...
December 28, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027180/pediatric-sialadenosis-due-to-valproic-acid
#15
Hatice Derin, Serhan Derin, Pembe Oltulu, Orhan Özbek, Hüseyin Çaksen
Sialadenosis is a rare entity characterized by bilateral diffuse, painless swelling of the parotid glands. Its etiology is not clear; however, it may occur due to adverse effects of some drugs. To our knowledge, sialadenosis due to valproic acid has not been reported in the literature up to date in any child. In this article, the authors presented a child who developed sialadenosis due to valproic acid, and improved after stopping use of the drug.
December 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025607/tonsillectomy-remains-a-questionable-option-for-pediatric-autoimmune-neuropsychiatric-disorders-associated-with-streptococcal-infections-pandas
#16
REVIEW
Jochen P Windfuhr
Background: Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) is a disease attributed to children with obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD) or tic disorders associated with streptococcal infections. Because otolaryngologists examine a large number of pediatric patients with recurrent streptococcal infections, tonsillectomy (TE) is a common option of therapy. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of TE in patients presenting with verified PANDAS. Material and methods: A PubMed review was performed using search terms "tonsillectomy" and "PANDAS", "OCD", "compulsive" "pediatric autoimmune", "chorea" and "tic" limited by publication date of January 1, 1995, to July 31, 2015...
2016: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009797/what-s-new-in-congenital-scoliosis
#17
Joshua M Pahys, James T Guille
BACKGROUND: Congenital scoliosis is a failure of vertebral formation, segmentation, or a combination of the 2 arising from abnormal vertebral development during weeks 4 to 6 of gestation. The associated spinal deformity can be of varying severity and result in a stable or progressive deformity based on the type and location of the anomalous vertebra(e). Bracing for congenital scoliosis is rarely indicated, while recent reports have demonstrated the utility of serial derotational casting for longer curves with multiple anomalous vertebrae as an effective "time buying strategy" to delay the need for surgery...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998672/quantitation-of-bleeding-symptoms-in-a-national-registry-of-patients-with-inherited-platelet-disorders
#18
Shoshana Revel-Vilk, Chana Richter, Tal Ben-Ami, Joanne Yacobovich, Shraga Aviner, Ayelet Ben-Barak, Amir Asher Kuperman, Shira Ben-Barak, Chaim Kaplinsky, Hagit Miskin, Hannah Tamary, Gili Kenet
BACKGROUND: Inherited platelet deficiency and/or dysfunction may be more common in the general population than has previously been appreciated. In 2013 the Israeli Inherited Platelet Disorder (IPD) Registry was established. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data were collected to pre-specified registration forms. The study protocol was approved by the local hospital ethics committees. RESULTS: To date we have included in the registry 89 patients (male 52%) from 79 families...
December 17, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995570/hydrodynamic-assessment-of-aortic-valves-prepared-from-porcine-small-intestinal-submucosa
#19
Sharan Ramaswamy, Makensley Lordeus, Omkar V Mankame, Lilliam Valdes-Cruz, Steven Bibevski, Sarah M Bell, Ivan Baez, Frank Scholl
Infants and children born with severe cardiac valve lesions have no effective long term treatment options since currently available tissue or mechanical prosthetic valves have sizing limitations and no avenue to accommodate the growth of the pediatric patient. Tissue engineered heart valves (TEHVs) which could provide for growth, self-repair, infection resistance, and long-term replacement could be an ideal solution. Porcine small intestinal submucosa (PSIS) has recently emerged as a potentially attractive bioscaffold for TEHVs...
December 19, 2016: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931533/care-transition-interventions-for-children-with-asthma-in-the-emergency-department
#20
REVIEW
Molly A Martin, Valerie G Press, Sharmilee M Nyenhuis, Jerry A Krishnan, Kim Erwin, Giselle Mosnaim, Helen Margellos-Anast, S Margaret Paik, Stacy Ignoffo, Michael McDermott
The emergency department (ED) is a critical point of identification and treatment for some of the most high-risk children with asthma. This review summarizes the evidence regarding care transition interventions originating in the ED for children with uncontrolled asthma, with a focus on care coordination and self-management education. Although many interventions on care transition for pediatric asthma have been tested, only a few were actually conducted in the ED setting. Most of these targeted both care coordination and self-management education but ultimately did not improve attendance at follow-up appointments with primary care providers, improve asthma control, or reduce health care utilization...
December 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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