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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124391/implementing-a-digital-real-time-hydrocephalus-and-shunt-registry-to-evaluate-contemporary-pattern-of-care-and-surgical-outcome-in-pediatric-hydrocephalus
#1
Hans Christoph Bock, Maximilian Kanzler, Ulrich-Wilhelm Thomale, Hans Christoph Ludwig
OBJECTIVE: Treatment monitoring and outcome evaluation in pediatric hydrocephalus require gapless documentation regarding surgical and clinical follow-up data beginning from day 1 of treatment in order to apply high quality of care. Endoscopic procedures, shunt insertion and revision surgeries, and individual modifications of valve hardware or pressure settings during follow-up as well as established outcome measurements are highly relevant for complete illustration of the patient's hydrocephalus histories...
November 9, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104687/traumatic-transient-herniation-concomitant-with-tonsillar-hemorrhagic-contusion-in-a-child
#2
Ahmet Öğrenci, Orkun Koban, Murat Ekşi, Onur Yaman, Sedat Dalbayrak
Downward displacement of cerebellar tonsils more than 5 mm below the foramen magnum is named as Chiari type I malformation and named benign tonsillar ectopia if herniation is less than 3 mm. It does not just depend on congenital causes. There are also some reasons for acquired Chiari Type 1 and benign tonsillar ectopia/herniation. Trauma is one of them. Trauma may increase tonsillar ectopia or may be the cause of new-onset Chiari type 1. The relationship between the tonsil contusion and its position is unclear...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102152/testicular-tumors-in-prepubescent-patients
#3
Ilan I Maizlin, Matthew Dellinger, Kenneth W Gow, Adam B Goldin, Melanie Goldfarb, Jed G Nuchtern, Monica Langer, Sanjeev A Vasudevan, John J Doski, Mehul V Raval, Elizabeth A Beierle
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pediatric testicular tumors are rare, constituting only 1% of all pediatric solid tumors. Single-institution studies addressing pediatric testicular tumors published to date have been limited in the number of patients. METHODS: We utilized the National Cancer Data Base (1998-2012) to review all prepubescent patients (≤12 years old) with testicular neoplasms. Demographics, tumor characteristics, treatment modalities, and outcomes were abstracted...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094862/access-to-primary-care-and-subspecialty-care-after-positive-cystic-fibrosis-newborn-screening
#4
Katelyn Parker-McGill, Marjorie Rosenberg, Philip Farrell
PROBLEM CONSIDERED: Accessibility by telephone to cystic fibrosis (CF) centers for a diagnostic sweat test appointment from a parental perspective—which can be stressful—compared to experience in contacting a general pediatrics practice in the same area. METHODS: We called each CF center and affiliate twice, plus a sample of multiphysician general pediatrics practices selected from yellowpages.com after being matched by area and ZIP codes to 50 randomly selected CF centers, including Wisconsin’s 2 nationally accredited centers...
December 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093048/digital-inequality-and-developmental-trajectories-of-low-income-immigrant-and-minority-children
#5
REVIEW
Vikki S Katz, Carmen Gonzalez, Kevin Clark
Children growing up in the United States today are more ethnically and racially diverse than at any time in the nation's history. Because of rising income inequality, almost half of the 72 million children in the United States are also growing up in low-income families, with immigrant and children of color disproportionately likely to be within their ranks. Children in low-income households are more likely to face a number of social challenges, including constrained access to the Internet and devices that connect to it (ie, digital inequality), which can exacerbate other, more entrenched disparities between them and their more privileged counterparts...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078712/management-modalities-and-outcomes-following-acute-scaphoid-fractures-in-children-a-quantitative-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Ashkaun Shaterian, Pauline Joy F Santos, Christine J Lee, Gregory R D Evans, Amber Leis
BACKGROUND: Early evaluation and appropriate management of pediatric scaphoid fractures are necessary to avoid complications. To date, current management of pediatric fractures varies among providers. The objective of this study was to compare clinical outcomes following different treatment modalities. METHODS: A PubMed literature search identified studies involving acute scaphoid fractures in children. Studies were evaluated for treatment provided and their respective effects on union rate, wrist range of motion, and wrist pain...
October 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076983/diaphyseal-nonunion-in-children
#7
Je Hyoung Yeo, Sung Taek Jung, Min Cheol Kim, Hong Yeol Yang
OBJECTIVES: To delineate the contributing factors that risk diaphyseal fracture nonunion in children and to then determine suggested treatment based on the cohort examined. DESIGN: Retrospective review PATIENTS:: This study analyzes 16 children patients who underwent operations for the treatment of nonunion of the diaphysis from January 1995 to December 2009. INTERVENTION: Stabilization by internal or external fixators with or without bone grafting...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071783/age-is-not-a-good-predictor-of-irreversibility-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-congenital-cardiac-malformations-with-left-to-right-shunt
#8
Amir-Reza Hosseinpour, Marie-Hélène Perez, David Longchamp, Jacques Cotting, Nicole Sekarski, Michel Hurni, René Prêtre, Stefano Di Bernardo
OBJECTIVE: Congenital cardiac malformations with high pulmonary blood flow and pressure due to left-to-right shunts are usually repaired in early infancy for both the benefits of early relief of heart failure and the fear that the concomitant pulmonary hypertension may become irreversible unless these defects are corrected at an early age. Age, however, has been a poor predictor of irreversibility of pulmonary hypertension in our experience, which is presented here. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study...
October 25, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062832/mucinous-cystadenoma-a-rare-hepatic-tumor-in-a-child
#9
Danielle A Ferraguti, Molly McGetrick, Ivan Zendejas, David Hernandez-Gonzalo, Regino Gonzalez-Peralta
Mucinous cystadenomas (MCAs) of the liver (also called hepatic biliary cystadenomas) are rare tumors that comprise about 5% of cystic masses of the liver in adults. These slow-growing lesions most commonly occur in middle-aged individuals, with a female sex predominance. Herein, we present a MCA in a 6-year-old male, one of only very few such cases described in the pediatric literature to date. Although MCAs are generally considered benign lesions, malignant transformation rarely occurs. The recurrence rate is high when partial cyst excision is performed...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021921/post-transplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-ptld-single-institutional-experience-of-141-patients
#10
Rohit Bishnoi, Ravneet Bajwa, Aaron J Franke, William Paul Skelton, Yu Wang, Niraj M Patel, William Birdsall Slayton, Fei Zou, Nam H Dang
BACKGROUND: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder is a well-recognized but rare complication of hematopoietic stem cell and solid organ transplant. Due to rarity of this disease, retrospective studies from major transplant centers has been the main source to provide treatment guidelines, which are still in evolution. The sample size of this study is among one of the largest study on PTLD till date reported throughout the world. METHODS: This study was performed at University of Florida which is one of the largest transplant center in South East United States...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017389/the-canadian-laboratory-initiative-on-pediatric-reference-intervals-a-caliper-white-paper
#11
Khosrow Adeli, Victoria Higgins, Karin Trajcevski, Nicole White-Al Habeeb
Laboratory investigations provide physicians with objective data to aid in disease diagnosis, clinical decision making, and patient follow up. Clinical interpretation of laboratory test results relies heavily on the availability of appropriate population-based reference intervals (i.e. normative values) or decision limits developed through clinical outcome studies. Although reference intervals are fundamental to accurate laboratory test interpretation, and thus critically important to healthcare, the need for sound evidence-based reference intervals has been largely overlooked, particularly in the pediatric population...
October 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977312/analysis-of-surgical-site-infections-in-pediatric-patients-after-orthopedic-surgery-a-case-control-study
#12
Mariana de Queiroz Leite Chagas, Ana Maria Magalhães Costa, Pedro Henrique Barros Mendes, Saint Clair Gomes
OBJECTIVES: To describe the rate of surgical site infections in children undergoing orthopedic surgery in centers of excellence and analyze the patients' profiles. METHODS: Medical records of pediatric patients undergoing orthopedic surgery in the Jamil Haddad National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics from January 2012 to December 2013 were analyzed and monitored for one year. Patients diagnosed with surgical site infection were matched with patients without infection by age, date of admission, field of orthopedic surgery and type of surgical procedure...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971639/comparing-the-performance-of-amplatzer%C3%A2-and-occlutech%C3%A2-figulla%C3%A2-septal-occluders-the-pediatric-point-of-view-a-retrospective-study
#13
Yifat Nir-David, Gur Mainzer, Roie Tal, Avraham Lorber
BACKGROUND: The closure of an atrial septal defect is procedure that is frequently performed in both adults and children. Currently, the most commonly used devices are the Amplatzer® and Occlutech® Figulla® atrial septal occluders. Studies conducted in adults have shown that these devices all have similar performance efficiency for the closure of secundum atrial septal defects. No study to date has examined their performance in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the performance of Amplatzer® and Occlutech® Figulla® atrial septal occluders in the pediatric population...
September 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970676/compliance-score-as-a-monitoring-tool-to-promote-treatment-adherence-in-children-with-thalassemia-major-for-improved-physical-growth
#14
Sarala Kannan, Amarjeet Singh
BACKGROUND/HYPOTHESIS: Creeping monotony in the treatment provides minimal motivation for children with beta-thalassemia major, leading to noncompliance for adequate blood transfusions and iron chelation therapy. This study was envisaged to formulate a clinical compliance score and correlate the score with their linear growth velocity and weight gain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study among 30 thalassemia children aged between 1 and 18 years was conducted in the Department of Pediatrics, Tata Main Hospital (TMH), Jamshedpur, from July 2012 to January 2014...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958926/emergency-optic-canal-decompression-for-vision-salvage-in-fibrous-dysplasia-a-case-report
#15
Reem Elwy, Murat Gokden, Rongsheng Cai
BACKGROUND: The most common neurological manifestations of fibrous dysplasia (FD) are vision and hearing loss. Optic decompression for progressive vision loss has been shown to yield positive results in terms of visual outcomes, however, emergency optic decompression surgery for sudden loss of vision in FD has not to date been reported in the pediatric population. We report the first case of FD presenting with sudden vision loss and successfully managed with emergency optic decompression...
September 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956833/health-related-quality-of-life-and-function-after-paediatric-injuries-in-india-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Jagnoor Jagnoor, Shankar Prinja, Aliki Christou, Jannah Baker, Belinda Gabbe, Rebecca Ivers
Paediatric injuries can lead to long-term functional impairment and reduced health-related quality of life, and are a growing public health issue in India. To date, however, the burden has been poorly characterized. This study assessed the impact of non-fatal injuries on health-related quality of life in a prospective cohort study of 373 children admitted to three hospitals in Chandigarh and Haryana states in India. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and King's Outcome Scale for Childhood Head Injury (KOSCHI) were administered at baseline (pre-injury) and at 1, 2, 4, and 12 months post-injury by telephone interview...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947248/-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-children
#17
F Brezin, A Wiedemann, F Feillet
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a misrecognized and probably underdiagnosed disease that can affect up to 1.9% of the pediatric population and can occupy 15% of these children's time. It is characterized by acute attacks of vomiting, occurring with such a strict frequency that some parents can predict the date of their child's next attack. The pathophysiology of CVS is unclear, although the literature recognizes a common origin with migraine headaches, which has the same acute and prophylactic treatment. CVS is now included in the larger group of diseases called "episodic symptoms related to migraine" previously known as "childhood periodic syndromes...
November 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947226/outcomes-of-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-in-adult-coarctation-patients
#18
Salim Lala, Salvatore T Scali, Robert J Feezor, Satish Chandrekashar, Kristina A Giles, Javairiah Fatima, Scott A Berceli, Martin R Back, Thomas S Huber, Thomas M Beaver, Adam W Beck
BACKGROUND: Aortic coarctation (AC) is most commonly identified in pediatric patients; however, adults can present with late sequelae of untreated coarctation or complications of prior open repair. To date, there are limited data about the role of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in this group of patients. The purpose of this analysis was to describe our experience with management of adult coarctation patients using TEVAR. METHODS: All TEVAR patients treated for primary coarctation or late sequelae of previous open repair (eg, pseudoaneurysm, recurrent coarctation or anastomotic stenosis related to index open coarctation repair) were reviewed...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945690/epidemiology-of-anterior-tibial-spine-fractures-in-young-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-122-cases
#19
Derek P Axibal, Justin J Mitchell, Meredith H Mayo, Jorge Chahla, Chase S Dean, Claire E Palmer, Kristen Campbell, Armando F Vidal, Jason T Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Historically, bicycle accidents were described as the most common mechanism for pediatric anterior tibial spine fractures (ATSFs). There is a paucity of current literature examining the demographic factors associated with these injuries. The purpose of this cohort study was to characterize the epidemiology of ATSFs presenting to a single tertiary referral pediatric hospital. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of 122 pediatric patients with ATSFs between 1996 and 2014 were reviewed...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921522/extraluminal-biodegradable-splint-to-treat-upper-airway-anterior-malacia-a-preclinical-proof-of-principle
#20
François Gorostidi, Cécile Courbon, Marco Burki, Antoine Reinhard, Kishore Sandu
OBJECTIVE: Upper airway malacia highly complicates the treatment of benign laryngotracheal stenosis, and no ideal option is available to date. We here explore the use of extraluminal biodegradable splints in an animal model of long-segment anterior tracheomalacia (TM). We show the efficacy, as well as the tissue tolerance, of a custom-made biodegradable extraluminal device surgically inserted around the trachea. STUDY DESIGN: Preclinical animal study. METHODS: Anterior TM was induced in rabbits through an anterior neck approach by removing eight consecutive anterior tracheal rings without damaging the underlying mucosa...
September 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
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