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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152701/risk-communication-by-health-professionals-an-analysis-of-press-releases-drafted-by-italian-veterinarians
#1
Claudio Mantovani, Stefania Crovato, Anna Pinto, Giulia Mascarello, Michele Cortelazzo, Licia Ravarotto
The aim of this study is to analyse and evaluate the knowledge concerning risk communication acquired by veterinarians during a national training course. The study analyses 694 press releases written during the training course. Textual variables and indexes were considered to identify the linguistic structures used by veterinarians. At first, the analysis of press releases focused on the descriptive demographic variables, then stylistic and editorial variables were considered, and finally a lexicographic analysis was performed on the textual variables...
September 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151111/readability-assessment-of-patient-education-material-published-by-german-speaking-associations-of-urology
#2
Patrick Betschart, Valentin Zumstein, Omar Hasan Ali, Hans-Peter Schmid, Dominik Abt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the readability and comprehensibility of web-based German-language patient education material (PEM) issued by urological associations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: German PEM available in June 2017 was obtained from the European Association of Urology (EAU), German (DGU), Swiss (SGU) and Austrian (ÖGU) Association of Urology websites. Each educational text was analyzed separately using 4 well-established readability assessment tools: the Amstad Test (AT), G-SMOG (SMOG), Wiener Sachtextformel (WS) and the Lesbarkeitsindex (LIX)...
November 18, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143222/quantitative-analysis-of-the-level-of-readability-of-online-emergency-radiology-based-patient-education-resources
#3
David R Hansberry, Michael D'Angelo, Michael D White, Arpan V Prabhu, Mougnyan Cox, Nitin Agarwal, Sandeep Deshmukh
PURPOSE: The vast amount of information found on the internet, combined with its accessibility, makes it a widely utilized resource for Americans to find information pertaining to medical information. The field of radiology is no exception. In this paper, we assess the readability level of websites pertaining specifically to emergency radiology. METHODS: Using Google, 23 terms were searched, and the top 10 results were recorded. Each link was evaluated for its readability level using a set of ten reputable readability scales...
November 15, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137057/readability-of-internet-sourced-patient-education-material-related-to-labour-analgesia
#4
Nilay Boztas, Dilek Omur, Sule Ozbılgın, Gözde Altuntas, Ersan Piskin, Sevda Ozkardesler, Volkan Hanci
We evaluated the readability of Internet-sourced patient education materials (PEMs) related to "labour analgesia." In addition to assessing the readability of websites, we aimed to compare commercial, personal, and academic websites.We used the most popular search engine (http://www.google.com) in our study. The first 100 websites in English that resulted from a search for the key words "labour analgesia" were scanned. Websites that were not in English, graphs, pictures, videos, tables, figures and list formats in the text, all punctuation, the number of words in the text is less than 100 words, feedback forms not related to education, (Uniform Resource Locator) URL websites, author information, references, legal disclaimers, and addresses and telephone numbers were excluded...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136241/wikipathways-a-multifaceted-pathway-database-bridging-metabolomics-to-other-omics-research
#5
Denise N Slenter, Martina Kutmon, Kristina Hanspers, Anders Riutta, Jacob Windsor, Nuno Nunes, Jonathan Mélius, Elisa Cirillo, Susan L Coort, Daniela Digles, Friederike Ehrhart, Pieter Giesbertz, Marianthi Kalafati, Marvin Martens, Ryan Miller, Kozo Nishida, Linda Rieswijk, Andra Waagmeester, Lars M T Eijssen, Chris T Evelo, Alexander R Pico, Egon L Willighagen
WikiPathways (wikipathways.org) captures the collective knowledge represented in biological pathways. By providing a database in a curated, machine readable way, omics data analysis and visualization is enabled. WikiPathways and other pathway databases are used to analyze experimental data by research groups in many fields. Due to the open and collaborative nature of the WikiPathways platform, our content keeps growing and is getting more accurate, making WikiPathways a reliable and rich pathway database. Previously, however, the focus was primarily on genes and proteins, leaving many metabolites with only limited annotation...
November 10, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132998/waiting-for-radiology-test-results-patient%C3%A2-expectations-and-emotional-disutility
#6
Sean Woolen, Ella A Kazerooni, Amber Wall, Kelly Parent, Shannon Cahalan, Mitchell Alameddine, Matthew S Davenport
PURPOSE: To measure patient willingness to wait and emotional disutility of waiting for outpatient imaging test results. METHODS: A prospective HIPAA-compliant multicenter outpatient quality improvement survey was administered by a trained interviewer to 218 outpatients from November 1, 2016, to February 1, 2017. The survey was vetted by patient- and family-centered care advocates with experience in survey design and underwent precognitive testing for readability...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131816/automated-visualization-of-rule-based-models
#7
John Arul Prakash Sekar, Jose-Juan Tapia, James R Faeder
Frameworks such as BioNetGen, Kappa and Simmune use "reaction rules" to specify biochemical interactions compactly, where each rule specifies a mechanism such as binding or phosphorylation and its structural requirements. Current rule-based models of signaling pathways have tens to hundreds of rules, and these numbers are expected to increase as more molecule types and pathways are added. Visual representations are critical for conveying rule-based models, but current approaches to show rules and interactions between rules scale poorly with model size...
November 13, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128990/erratum-to-fertility-sparing-for-young-patients-with-gynecologic-cancer-how-mri-can-guide-patient-selection-prior-to-conservative-management
#8
Sinead H McEvoy, Stephanie Nougaret, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Hebert Alberto Vargas, Elizabeth A Sadowski, Christine O Menias, Fuki Shitano, Shinya Fujii, Ramon E Sosa, Joanna G Escalon, Evis Sala, Yulia Lakhman
The original version of this article unfortunately contained mistakes. The figures 7D, 7E and 7F were missing in the article and arrows were missing in the figures 6C, 8B and 11C. The year of publication and volume number for references 19, 79 and 87 have been updated. Also, the Table 2 layout has been improved for better readability. The Publisher apologizes for the mistakes and the inconvenience caused.
November 11, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128031/development-of-a-menu-board-literacy-and-self-efficacy-scale-for-children
#9
Olajide Williams, Ellyn Leighton-Herrmann Quinn, Mildred Ramirez, Vanessa Sawyer, Joseph P Eimicke, Jeanne A Teresi
OBJECTIVE: An instrument to measure menu board literacy (MBL) was developed to capture children's understanding of menu board nutrition information, including abbreviations, serving sizes and calorie ranges, and self-efficacy for using this information. METHODS: A list of 55 potential items (47 MBL and 8 self-efficacy) was generated. Content validity was established by 29 registered dietitians. Cognitive interviews were conducted with 24 black and Hispanic fourth- and fifth-grade students to assess comprehension and readability...
November 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125328/automated-retrieval-of-radiotherapy-data-for-clinical-trials-audit-and-research
#10
Marina Romanchikova, Karl Harrison, Neil G Burnet, Andrew Fc Hoole, Michael Pf Sutcliffe, Michael Andrew Parker, Rajesh Jena, Simon J Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To enable fast and customisable automated collection of radiotherapy data from tomotherapy storage. METHODS: Human-readable data maps (TagMaps) were created to generate DICOM-RT data from tomotherapy archives, and provided access to "hidden" information comprising delivery sinograms, positional corrections and adaptive-RT doses. RESULTS: 797 datasets totalling 25,000 scans were batch-exported in 31.5 hours. All archived information was restored, including the data not available via commercial software...
November 10, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117016/analyzing-the-readability-of-online-urogynecologic-patient-information
#11
J Ryan Stewart, Michael H Heit, Kate V Meriwether, Deslyn T Hobson, Sean L Francis
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the readability of Web sites arising from the most common Google search terms related to pelvic organ prolapse, bladder control, and bowel control. METHODS: Google was queried to capture the top 100 search results for the keywords in each disease group. For the top 20 results of each keyword, we analyzed the text for readability using 4 readability formulas: Dale-Chall, Gunning-Fog, Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG), and Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level...
November 7, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111872/views-of-clinical-trial-participants-on-the-readability-and-their-understanding-of-informed-consent-documents
#12
Rita Sommers, Cornelius Werendly Van Staden, Francois Steffens
BACKGROUND: One of the ethical imperatives for a valid consent process in clinical medication trials is that the process be guided by and recorded in an informed consent document (ICD). Concerns have been expressed, however, about readability and participant understanding of ICDs, which are often 10-20 pages long. Objective measures of readability and understanding have been used to support these concerns in several articles, but surprisingly the voice of trial participants on ICDs has not been heard in previous studies...
November 7, 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107870/consent-process-for-us-based-family-reference-dna-samples
#13
Sara H Katsanis, Lindsey Snyder, Kelly Arnholt, Amy Z Mundorff
DNA collection from family members of the missing is a tenet for missing persons' and mass fatality investigations. Procedures for consenting family members are disparate, depending on the context supporting the reason for sample collection. While guidelines and best practices have been developed for handling mass fatalities and for identification of the missing, these guidelines do not address standard consent practices for living family members of potential victims. We examined the relevant U.S. laws, international guidelines and best practices, sampled consent forms currently used for DNA collection of family members, and drafted model language for a consent form to communicate the required and recommended information...
October 29, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106306/assessing-the-value-of-the-meaningful-use-clinical-summary-for-patients-and-families-with-pediatric-asthma
#14
Karen Colorafi, Lee Moua, Michele Shaw, David Ricker, Julie Postma
Electronic clinical summaries are innovations supported by the Electronic Health Record Incentive Program, known as "Meaningful Use" (MU). The MU clinical summary documents the shared understanding of the plan of care for patients and assists families in managing asthma-related health care. The purpose of this analysis was to identify the communicative value of the summaries to patients and families. Readability measurements, content analysis, and descriptive statistics were employed in a review of twenty clinical summaries and compared with provider encounter notes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105128/do-adapted-vignettes-improve-medical-decision-making-capacity-for%C3%A2-individuals-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Liv Thalén, Katarina Heimann Mühlenbock, Ove Almkvist, Maria Eriksdotter, Erik Sundström, Ing-Mari Tallberg
Medical decision-making capacity (MDC) is known to decline in individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The vignette method uses hypothetical information as a prerequisite for measuring the capacity to make well-informed decisions to clinical trials. Our aim was to investigate if adapted vignettes can help individuals with mild AD to assimilate information, make decisions and express them in an understandable way, compared to corresponding decisions based on linguistically more demanding vignettes, as measured by the Swedish Linguistic Instrument for Medical Decision-making (LIMD)...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103313/how-effective-are-patient-education-materials-in-educating-patients
#16
Ayla Keçeci, Sadiye Toprak, Seçil Kiliç
The aim of this research was to evaluate the patient education materials prepared and published by nurses and physicians in terms of the qualitative properties of these materials, including readability, understandability, and actionability. A total of 38 patient education materials prepared by nurses and physicians in a university hospital in Turkey were evaluated. The readability of the materials was assessed using the formulas proposed by Atesman and Cetinkaya. The Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT) form was used for estimating the understandability and actionability...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101494/a-systematic-review-of-online-resources-to-support-patient-decision-making-for-full-thickness-rectal-prolapse-surgery
#17
G E Fowler, D M Baker, M J Lee, S R Brown
BACKGROUND: The internet is becoming an increasingly popular resource to support patient decision-making outside of the clinical encounter. The quality of online health information is variable and largely unregulated. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of online resources to support patient decision-making for full-thickness rectal prolapse surgery. METHODS: This systematic review was registered on the PROSPERO database (CRD42017058319). Searches were performed on Google and specialist decision aid repositories using a pre-defined search strategy...
November 3, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095247/spanish-language-pelvic-floor-disorders-patient-information-handouts-how-readable-are-they
#18
James Robb, Alex Mackay, Nancy Rondeau, Javier Palomino, Zuber D Mulla, T Ignacio Montoya, Veronica T Mallett
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the readability of commonly available patient information materials for pelvic floor disorders written in Spanish and compare their readability based on type of content and source. METHODS: Spanish patient information handouts, including pamphlets from the National Institutes of Health, International Urogynecology Association, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, online printable handouts, and industry-sponsored brochures were assessed for readability...
October 31, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084135/extrinsic-parameter-calibration-for-line-scanning-cameras-on-ground-vehicles-with-navigation-systems-using-a-calibration-pattern
#19
Alexander Wendel, James Underwood
Line scanning cameras, which capture only a single line of pixels, have been increasingly used in ground based mobile or robotic platforms. In applications where it is advantageous to directly georeference the camera data to world coordinates, an accurate estimate of the camera's 6D pose is required. This paper focuses on the common case where a mobile platform is equipped with a rigidly mounted line scanning camera, whose pose is unknown, and a navigation system providing vehicle body pose estimates. We propose a novel method that estimates the camera's pose relative to the navigation system...
October 30, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082006/zika-pandemic-online-trends-incidence-and-health-risk-communication-a-time-trend-study
#20
Gbenga Adebayo, Yehuda Neumark, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Hagai Levine
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe the online search trends of Zika and examine their association with Zika incidence, assess the content of Zika-related press releases issued by leading health authorities and examine the association between online trends and press release timing. DESIGN: Using Google Trends, the 1 May 2015 to 30 May 2016 online trends of Zika and associated search terms were studied globally and in the five countries with the highest numbers of suspected cases...
2017: BMJ Global Health
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