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Daniel Gutiérrez Sánchez, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
PURPOSE: Many measurements have been developed to assess the quality of death (QoD). Among these, the Quality of Dying and Death Questionnaire (QODD) is the most widely studied and best validated. Informal carers and health professionals who care for the patient during their last days of life can complete this assessment tool. The aim of the study is to carry out a cross-cultural adaptation and a psychometric analysis of the QODD for the Spanish population. METHODS: The translation was performed using a double forward and backward method...
April 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Begoña Errasti-Ibarrondo, José Antonio Jordán-Sierra, Mercedes P Díez-Del-Corral, María Arantzamendi
AIMS: To offer a complete outlook in a readable easy way of van Manen's hermeneutic-phenomenological method to nurses interested in undertaking phenomenological research. BACKGROUND: Phenomenology, as research methodology, involves a certain degree of complexity. It is difficult to identify a single article or author which sets out the didactic guidelines that specifically guide research of this kind. In this context, the theoretical-practical view of Max van Manen's Phenomenology of Practice may be seen as a rigorous guide and directive on which researchers may find support to undertake phenomenological research...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Pavol Sajgalik, Vaclav Kremen, Vratislav Fabian, Simon Maltais, John M Stulak, Sudhir S Kushwaha, Lyle D Joyce, John A Schirger, Bruce D Johnson
The gold standard for noninvasive blood pressure (BP) measurement, the Doppler technique, does not provide systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and may limit therapy outcomes. To improve patient care, we tested specifically designed experimental BP (ExpBP) monitor and the Doppler technique by comparing noninvasive measures to the intraarterial (I-A) BP in 31 patients with end-stage heart failure (4 females) 2.6 ± 3.4 days post-LVAD implantation (20 HeartMate II and 11 HeartWare)...
March 13, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Andres F Doval, Luis Riba, Bao Ngoc N Tran, Rima Rudd, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Health literacy studies indicate that literacy skills are linked to access to information and health outcomes, potentially contributing to health disparities. In the United States, minority and immigrant populations are more likely to have lower literacy skills than are other population groups. The aim of this study is to evaluate web-based health information prepared in Spanish for Hispanic women considering breast reconstruction surgery. METHODS: A search for the term reconstrucción de seno (translation: breast reconstruction) was conducted using Google...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Jin Soo Lee, Dong Joon Kim, Chang-Woo Ryu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neurointervention
Adam C Sedgwick, Tony D James
Chemosensors are compounds that incorporate a receptor unit and a reporter unit in a single molecule. A chemosensor transforms the action of binding to a specific analyte into a readable signal. Chemosensors have enabled the study of molecular interactions in a range of different media and interfaces. This offers a non-invasive approach to observe living biological samples in real time without the sample being destroyed. For example, fluorescence-based chemosensors are designed to have a high sensitivity and specificity, allowing them to interact selectively with a single target within a complex biological environment...
March 2018: ChemistryOpen
Aksa B Ahmed, Kok Han Ang, Caroline Mills, Danyal H Awal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
R B Acton, L Vanderlee, C A Roberto, D Hammond
An increasing number of countries are developing front-of-package (FOP) labels; however, there is limited evidence examining the impact of specific design characteristics for these labels. The current study investigated consumer perceptions of several FOP label design characteristics, including potential differences among sociodemographic sub-groups. Two hundred and thirty-four participants aged 16 years or older completed nine label rating tasks on a laptop at a local shopping mall in Canada. The rating tasks asked participants to rate five primary design characteristics (border, background presence, background colour, 'caution' symbol and government attribution) on their noticeability, readability, believability and likelihood of changing their beverage choice...
March 3, 2018: Health Education Research
Haitao Li, Yihe Zhang, Han Dai, Wangshu Tong, Yan Zhou, Junfeng Zhao, Qi An
This study reports on a self-powered mechanoluminescent flexible film that converts human movement into green, yellow, and white light that are visible to the naked eye. The film is simply a highly porous composite material that was prepared using a piezoelectric polymer and ZnS luminescent powders. The highly effective mechanoluminescence capabilities stem from both the film's porous structure and the strong interactions between poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PVDF-HFP) and ZnS particles...
March 7, 2018: Nanoscale
Kathleen T Galvin, Claire Sloan, Fiona Cowdell, Caroline Ellis-Hill, Carole Pound, Roger Watson, Steven Ersser, Sheila Brooks
There is limited consensus about what constitutes humanly sensitive care, or how it can be sustained in care settings. A new humanised care assessment tool may point to caring practices that are up to the task of meeting persons as humans within busy healthcare environments. This paper describes qualitative development of a tool that is conceptually sensitive to human dimensions of care informed by a life-world philosophical orientation. Items were generated to reflect eight theoretical dimensions that constitute what makes care feel humanly focused...
March 4, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
Rosy Chhabra, Deena J Chisolm, Barbara Bayldon, Maheen Quadri, Iman Sharif, Jessica J Velazquez, Karen Encalada, Angelic Rivera, Millie Harris, Elana Levites-Agababa, H Shonna Yin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite recommendations supporting human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, pediatric vaccination rates remain suboptimal in the United States; lack of tools to support provider counseling is one barrier. We sought to evaluate HPV-related counseling materials for readability, suitability, and content, and assess parent perceptions of materials, using a health literacy perspective. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for written materials developed for HPV vaccination counseling by examining state Department of Health Web sites and associated links to local and national organizations...
March 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Janet Webster, Julie Morris, David Howard, Maria Garraffa
Purpose: The current study investigated the effect of text variables including length, readability, propositional content, and type of information on the reading comprehension of people with aphasia. Method: The performance of 75 people with aphasia was compared with 87 healthy, age-matched control participants. Reading comprehension was considered in terms of both accuracy in responding to questions tapping comprehension and reading time. Participants with aphasia (PWA) were divided into 2 groups (no reading impairment [PWA:NRI] and reading impairment [PWA:RI]) depending on whether their performance fell within the 5th percentile of control participants...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sukh Makhnoon, Brian H Shirts, Deborah J Bowen, Stephanie M Fullerton
PurposeLaboratory-generated genomic test reports are used to convey complex, and frequently multivariant or uncertain, information about disease risk to medical genetics professionals as well as to nonspecialist clinicians, patients, and family members. However, few guidelines exist to guide the content and format of genomic test reports, and little is known about variation in current reporting practices.MethodsWe conducted a structured content analysis of hereditary cancer gene panel test reports obtained from 16 United States-based CLIA-certified laboratories, including reports describing a variant of uncertain significance (VUS) only and reports with both a VUS and pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP) test result...
March 1, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Sinaa Al Aqeel, Norah Abanmy, Abeer Aldayel, Hend Al-Khalifa, Maha Al-Yahya, Mona Diab
BACKGROUND: Written Medicine Information (WMI) is one of the sources that patients use to obtain information concerning medicine. This paper aims to assess the readability of two types of WMIs in Arabic language based on vocabulary use and sentence structure using a panel of experts and consumers. METHODS: This is a descriptive study. Two different types of materials, including the online text from King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Arabic Health Encyclopaedia (KAAHE) and medication leaflets submitted by the manufacturers to the Saudi Food and Drug Authority (SFDA) were evaluated...
February 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Bradford W Hesse
An "open science movement" is gaining traction across many disciplines within the research enterprise but is also precipitating consternation among those who worry that too much disruption may be hampering professional productivity. Despite this disruption, proponents of open data collaboration have argued that some of the biggest problems of the 21st century need to be solved with the help of many people and that data sharing will be the necessary engine to make that happen. In the United States, a national strategic plan for data sharing encouraged the federally funded scientific agencies to (a) publish open data for community use in discoverable, machine-readable, and useful ways; (b) work with public and civil society organizations to set priorities for data to be shared; (c) support innovation and feedback on open data solutions; and (d) continue efforts to release and enhance high-priority data sets funded by taxpayer dollars...
February 2018: American Psychologist
V Hamwela, W Ahmed, P A Bath
OBJECTIVES: The study identified available websites on malaria in pregnancy on the World Wide Web and sought to evaluate their readability and information quality. STUDY DESIGN: A purposeful sample of websites were selected which provided information on Malaria in pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 31 websites were identified from searches using Google, Yahoo and Bing search engines. Two generic tools (Discern and HON), one specific tool designed to assess information quality of malaria in pregnancy and readability tests (Flesch Reading Ease and Flesh-Kincaid Grade level) were used to evaluate the websites...
February 22, 2018: Public Health
Marlon Amaro Coelho Teixeira, Kele Teixeira Belloze, Maria Cláudia Cavalcanti, Floriano P Silva-Junior
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Semantic text annotation enables the association of semantic information (ontology concepts) to text expressions (terms), which are readable by software agents. In the scientific scenario, this is particularly useful because it reveals a lot of scientific discoveries that are hidden within academic articles. The Biomedical area has more than 300 ontologies, most of them composed of over 500 concepts. These ontologies can be used to annotate scientific papers and thus, facilitate data extraction...
April 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Susanne Palmcrantz, Disa K Sommerfeld
OBJECTIVES: Because healthcare and community organisations and treatment methods are always changing, continuous changes might also be needed in questionnaires that register patient-reported outcomes (PRO) and patient-reported experiences (PRE) of healthcare interventions and community support. Thus, the aim of this study was to test the content and face validity, including the readability, of two questionnaires used by the Swedish national stroke register Riksstroke to register PRO and PRE at 3 and 12 months poststroke...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
Henry W Chen, Jingcheng Du, Hsing-Yi Song, Xiangyu Liu, Guoqian Jiang, Cui Tao
BACKGROUND: Today, there is an increasing need to centralize and standardize electronic health data within clinical research as the volume of data continues to balloon. Domain-specific common data elements (CDEs) are emerging as a standard approach to clinical research data capturing and reporting. Recent efforts to standardize clinical study CDEs have been of great benefit in facilitating data integration and data sharing. The importance of the temporal dimension of clinical research studies has been well recognized; however, very few studies have focused on the formal representation of temporal constraints and temporal relationships within clinical research data in the biomedical research community...
February 22, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
A Brumwell, E Noyes, S Kulkarni, V Lin, M C Becerra, C M Yuen
OBJECTIVE: To assess available treatment literacy materials for patients undergoing treatment for tuberculosis (TB). DESIGN: We conducted a rapid review by searching the US Centers for Disease Control's Find TB Resources website and the websites of health departments and TB-focused organizations. We included English-language documents intended to educate TB patients about anti-tuberculosis treatment. We evaluated the format, readability, and content of documents, and audience...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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