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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437511/online-information-on-the-treatment-of-burning-mouth-syndrome-quality-and-readability
#1
Shatha Alnafea, Stefano Fedele, Stephen Porter, Richeal Ni Riordain
AIMS: To evaluate the quality and readability of online information about the treatment of burning mouth syndrome (BMS). METHODS: An internet search using the phrase "burning mouth syndrome treatment" was carried out on the Google search engine (www.google.co.uk) on 8 June 2015, and the first 100 websites listed were examined. Data collection included DISCERN score, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks for website analysis score, the presence of the Health on the Net (HON) Foundation seal, and the Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES)...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436845/drawing-and-recognizing-chinese-characters-with-recurrent-neural-network
#2
Xu-Yao Zhang, Fei Yin, Yan-Ming Zhang, Cheng-Lin Liu, Yoshua Bengio
Recent deep learning based approaches have achieved great success on handwriting recognition. Chinese characters are among the most widely adopted writing systems in the world. Previous research has mainly focused on recognizing handwritten Chinese characters. However, recognition is only one aspect for understanding a language, another challenging and interesting task is to teach a machine to automatically write (pictographic) Chinese characters. In this paper, we propose a framework by using the recurrent neural network (RNN) as both a discriminative model for recognizing Chinese characters and a generative model for drawing (generating) Chinese characters...
April 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435666/health-care-and-social-media-what-patients-really-understand
#3
Kyle Hoedebecke, Lindsey Beaman, Joy Mugambi, Sanam Shah, Marwa Mohasseb, Cheyanne Vetter, Kim Yu, Irini Gergianaki, Emily Couvillon
Background: Low health literacy is associated with decreased patient compliance and worse outcomes - with clinicians increasingly relying on printed materials to lower such risks. Yet, many of these documents exceed recommended comprehension levels. Furthermore, patients look increasingly to social media (SoMe) to answer healthcare questions. The character limits built into Twitter encourage users to publish small quantities of text, which are more accessible to patients with low health literacy. The present authors hypothesize that SoMe posts are written at lower grade levels than traditional medical sources, improving patient health literacy...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423847/acquisition-of-expert-non-expert-vocabulary-from-reformulations
#4
Edwige Antoine, Natalia Grabar
Technical medical terms are complicated to be correctly understood by non-experts. Vocabulary, associating technical terms with layman expressions, can help in increasing the readability of technical texts and their understanding. The purpose of our work is to build this kind of vocabulary. We propose to exploit the notion of reformulation following two methods: extraction of abbreviations and of reformulations with specific markers. The segments associated thanks to these methods are aligned with medical terminologies...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409468/assessing-pexophagy-in-mammalian-cells
#5
Shun-Ichi Yamashita, Yukio Fujiki
In mammalian cells several hundred peroxisomes are maintained by a balance between the biogenesis and turnover by peroxisome homeostasis. Pexophagy, a form of autophagy specific for peroxisomes, is the main pathway for peroxisome degradation, but molecular mechanisms of mammalian pexophagy are largely unknown. This is due to the lack of well-established pexophagy-inducing conditions in mammalian cells. Recently, several conditions that induce pexophagy were described for mammalian cells, involving ubiquitin and adaptor proteins of autophagy...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406151/organic-light-emitting-board-for-dynamic-interactive-display
#6
Eui Hyuk Kim, Sung Hwan Cho, Ju Han Lee, Beomjin Jeong, Richard Hahnkee Kim, Seunggun Yu, Tae-Woo Lee, Wooyoung Shim, Cheolmin Park
Interactive displays involve the interfacing of a stimuli-responsive sensor with a visual human-readable response. Here, we describe a polymeric electroluminescence-based stimuli-responsive display method that simultaneously detects external stimuli and visualizes the stimulant object. This organic light-emitting board is capable of both sensing and direct visualization of a variety of conductive information. Simultaneous sensing and visualization of the conductive substance is achieved when the conductive object is coupled with the light emissive material layer on application of alternating current...
April 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402141/the-gobbledygook-in-online-parent-focused-information-about-child-and-adolescent-mental-health
#7
Lori Wozney, Ashley D Radomski, Amanda S Newton
Online parent-focused informational resources play a vital step in parent decision-making about initiating child and adolescent mental health care, but their usefulness may depend on how easily the resource content can be understood. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the readability and reliability of parent-focused mental health resources provided on Canadian websites. After meeting inclusion criteria, 50 documents retrieved during the search in September 2016 from websites using online health information searching strategies that would be typically employed by parents underwent analysis...
April 12, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387354/highly-ph-responsive-sensor-based-on-amplified-spontaneous-emission-coupled-to-colorimetry
#8
Qi Zhang, Jose R Castro Smirnov, Ruidong Xia, Jose M Pedrosa, Isabel Rodriguez, Juan Cabanillas-Gonzalez, Wei Huang
We demonstrated a simple, directly-readable approach for high resolution pH sensing. The method was based on sharp changes in Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) of a Stilbene 420 (ST) laser dye triggered by the pH-dependent absorption of Bromocresol Green (BG). The ASE threshold of BG:ST solution mixtures exhibited a strong dependence on BG absorption, which was drastically changed by the variations of the pH of BG solution. As a result, ASE on-off or off-on was observed with different pH levels achieved by ammonia doping...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385883/enhancing-the-radiologist-patient-relationship-through-improved-communication-a-quantitative-readability-analysis-in-spine-radiology
#9
D R Hansberry, A L Donovan, A V Prabhu, N Agarwal, M Cox, A E Flanders
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: More than 75 million Americans have less than adequate health literacy skills according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Readability scores are used as a measure of how well populations read and understand patient education materials. The purpose of this study was to assess the readability of Web sites dedicated to patient education for radiologic spine imaging and interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven search terms relevant to radiologic spine imaging were searched on the public Internet, and the top 10 links for each term were collected and analyzed to determine readability scores by using 10 well-validated quantitative readability assessments from patient-centered education Web sites...
April 6, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385306/detection-of-atherosclerotic-inflammation-by-68-ga-dotatate-pet-compared-to-18-f-fdg-pet-imaging
#10
Jason M Tarkin, Francis R Joshi, Nicholas R Evans, Mohammed M Chowdhury, Nichola L Figg, Aarti V Shah, Lakshi T Starks, Abel Martin-Garrido, Roido Manavaki, Emma Yu, Rhoda E Kuc, Luigi Grassi, Roman Kreuzhuber, Myrto A Kostadima, Mattia Frontini, Peter J Kirkpatrick, Patrick A Coughlin, Deepa Gopalan, Tim D Fryer, John R Buscombe, Ashley M Groves, Willem H Ouwehand, Martin R Bennett, Elizabeth A Warburton, Anthony P Davenport, James H F Rudd
BACKGROUND: Inflammation drives atherosclerotic plaque rupture. Although inflammation can be measured using fluorine-18-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ([(18)F]FDG PET), [(18)F]FDG lacks cell specificity, and coronary imaging is unreliable because of myocardial spillover. OBJECTIVES: This study tested the efficacy of gallium-68-labeled DOTATATE ((68)Ga-DOTATATE), a somatostatin receptor subtype-2 (SST2)-binding PET tracer, for imaging atherosclerotic inflammation...
April 11, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383301/re-readability-assessment-of-pcori-public-abstracts-in-relation-to-accessibility
#11
Joanna E Siegel, Christopher C Gayer, Jean R Slutsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381892/an-interactive-multifaceted-approach-to-enhancing-pharmacy-students-health-literacy-knowledge-and-confidence
#12
Christina Mnatzaganian, Eduardo Fricovsky, Brookie M Best, Renu F Singh
Objective. To implement and evaluate the effectiveness of an interactive health literacy program by measuring pharmacy students' knowledge and confidence. Design. A health literacy module consisting of a lecture and workshop was incorporated into a self-care course for first-year pharmacy students. Active-learning activities included practicing health literacy tools, discussing faculty-created video vignettes, and improving readability of patient education monographs. A non-validated survey assessed knowledge and confidence before and after training...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381262/structuring-supplemental-materials-in-support-of-reproducibility
#13
Dov Greenbaum, Joel Rozowsky, Victoria Stodden, Mark Gerstein
Supplements are increasingly important to the scientific record, particularly in genomics. However, they are often underutilized. Optimally, supplements should make results findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (i.e., "FAIR"). Moreover, properly off-loading to them the data and detail in a paper could make the main text more readable. We propose a hierarchical organization for supplements, with some parts paralleling and "shadowing" the main text and other elements branching off from it, and we suggest a specific formatting to make this structure explicit...
April 5, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379410/diagnostic-performance-of-retinal-digital-photography-for-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-in-primary-care
#14
Ana P O Rosses, Ângela J Ben, Camila Furtado de Souza, Adriana Skortika, Aline Lutz de Araújo, Gabriela de Carvalho, Franciele Locatelli, Cristina R Neumann
Introduction.: We must study alternatives to structure an effective diabetic retinopathy screening program for Brazilian public health system. Objectives.: Evaluate the diagnostic performance of retinal digital photography for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, accuracy of the family physician in diabetic retinopathy identification compared to the ophthalmologist, and the need for dilation. Methodology.: In a primary care service were performed retinal photographs with non-mydriatic Retinal Camera in 219 type 2 diabetic patients with and without medication mydriasis...
March 30, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374349/readability-of-orthopaedic-patient-reported-outcome-measures-is-there-a-fundamental-failure-to-communicate
#15
Jorge L Perez, Zachary A Mosher, Shawna L Watson, Evan D Sheppard, Eugene W Brabston, Gerald McGwin, Brent A Ponce
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly used to quantify patients' perceptions of functional ability. The American Medical Association and NIH suggest patient materials be written at or below 6th to 8th grade reading levels, respectively, yet one recent study asserts that few PROMs comply with these recommendations, and suggests that the majority of PROMs are written at too high of a reading level for self-administered patient use. Notably, this study was limited in its use of only one readability algorithm, although there is no commonly accepted, standard readability algorithm for healthcare-related materials...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365724/actionable-long-term-stable-and-semantic-web-compatible-identifiers-for-access-to-biological-collection-objects
#16
Anton Güntsch, Roger Hyam, Gregor Hagedorn, Simon Chagnoux, Dominik Röpert, Ana Casino, Gabi Droege, Falko Glöckler, Karsten Gödderz, Quentin Groom, Jana Hoffmann, Ayco Holleman, Matúš Kempa, Hanna Koivula, Karol Marhold, Nicky Nicolson, Vincent S Smith, Dagmar Triebel
With biodiversity research activities being increasingly shifted to the web, the need for a system of persistent and stable identifiers for physical collection objects becomes increasingly pressing. The Consortium of European Taxonomic Facilities agreed on a common system of HTTP-URI-based stable identifiers which is now rolled out to its member organizations. The system follows Linked Open Data principles and implements redirection mechanisms to human-readable and machine-readable representations of specimens facilitating seamless integration into the growing semantic web...
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364654/microbial-fuel-cells-for-inexpensive-continuous-in-situ-monitoring-of-groundwater-quality
#17
S B Velasquez-Orta, D Werner, J C Varia, S Mgana
Online monitoring of groundwater quality in shallow wells to detect faecal or organic pollution could dramatically improve understanding of health risks in unplanned peri-urban settlements. Microbial fuel cells (MFC) are devices able to generate electricity from the organic matter content in faecal pollution making them suitable as biosensors. In this work, we evaluate the suitability of four microbial fuel cell systems placed in different regions of a groundwater well for the low-cost monitoring of a faecal pollution event...
March 19, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361683/comparative-network-stratification-analysis-for-identifying-functional-interpretable-network-biomarkers
#18
Chuanchao Zhang, Juan Liu, Qianqian Shi, Tao Zeng, Luonan Chen
BACKGROUND: A major challenge of bioinformatics in the era of precision medicine is to identify the molecular biomarkers for complex diseases. It is a general expectation that these biomarkers or signatures have not only strong discrimination ability, but also readable interpretations in a biological sense. Generally, the conventional expression-based or network-based methods mainly capture differential genes or differential networks as biomarkers, however, such biomarkers only focus on phenotypic discrimination and usually have less biological or functional interpretation...
March 14, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348392/augmented-reality-with-image-registration-vision-correction-and-sunlight-readability-via-liquid-crystal-devices
#19
Yu-Jen Wang, Po-Ju Chen, Xiao Liang, Yi-Hsin Lin
Augmented reality (AR), which use computer-aided projected information to augment our sense, has important impact on human life, especially for the elder people. However, there are three major challenges regarding the optical system in the AR system, which are registration, vision correction, and readability under strong ambient light. Here, we solve three challenges simultaneously for the first time using two liquid crystal (LC) lenses and polarizer-free attenuator integrated in optical-see-through AR system...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346643/evaluating-the-quality-and-readability-of-internet-information-sources-regarding-the-treatment-of-swallowing-disorders
#20
Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Amanda Hu
The Internet has become a popular resource for patient education. The information it provides, however, is rarely peer-reviewed, and its quality may be a concern. Since the average American reads at an 8th grade level, the American Medical Association and the National Institutes of Health have recommended that health information be written at a 4th to 6th grade level. We performed a study to assess the quality and readability of online information regarding the treatment of swallowing disorders. A Google search for "swallowing treatment" was conducted...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
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