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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212419/evaluating-the-lexico-grammatical-differences-in-the-writing-of-native-and-non-native-speakers-of-english-in-peer-reviewed-medical-journals-in-the-field-of-pediatric-oncology-creation-of-the-genuine-index-scoring-system
#1
Alberto Alexander Gayle, Motomu Shimaoka
INTRODUCTION: The predominance of English in scientific research has created hurdles for "non-native speakers" of English. Here we present a novel application of native language identification (NLI) for the assessment of medical-scientific writing. For this purpose, we created a novel classification system whereby scoring would be based solely on text features found to be distinctive among native English speakers (NS) within a given context. We dubbed this the "Genuine Index" (GI). METHODOLOGY: This methodology was validated using a small set of journals in the field of pediatric oncology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211110/forconx-a-forcefield-conversion-tool-based-on-xml
#2
Volker Lesch, Diddo Diddens, Carlos E S Bernardes, Benjamin Golub, Alain Dequidt, Veronika Zeindlhofer, Marcello Sega, Christian Schröder
The force field conversion from one MD program to another one is exhausting and error-prone. Although single conversion tools from one MD program to another exist not every combination and both directions of conversion are available for the favorite MD programs Amber, Charmm, Dl-Poly, Gromacs, and Lammps. We present here a general tool for the force field conversion on the basis of an XML document. The force field is converted to and from this XML structure facilitating the implementation of new MD programs for the conversion...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211108/evaluation-of-the-quality-and-health-literacy-demand-of-online-renal-diet-information
#3
K Lambert, J Mullan, K Mansfield, A Koukomous, L Mesiti
BACKGROUND: Dietary modification is critical in the self-management of chronic kidney disease. The present study describes the accuracy, quality and health literacy demand of renal diet information for adults with kidney disease obtained from the Internet and YouTube (www.youtube.com). METHODS: A comprehensive content analysis was undertaken in April and July 2015 of 254 eligible websites and 161 YouTube videos. The accuracy of the renal diet information was evaluated by comparing the key messages with relevant evidence-based guidelines for the dietary management of people with kidney disease...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208249/flexible-passive-near-field-communication-tag-for-multigas-sensing
#4
P Escobedo, M M Erenas, N López-Ruiz, M A Carvajal, S Gonzalez-Chocano, I de Orbe-Payá, L F Capitán-Valley, A J Palma, A Martínez-Olmos
In this work we present a full-passive flexible multigas sensing tag for the determination of oxygen, carbon dioxide, ammonia, and relative humidity readable by a smartphone. This tag is based on near field communication (NFC) technology for energy harvesting and data transmission to a smartphone. The gas sensors show an optic response that is read through high-resolution digital color detectors. A white LED is used as the common optical excitation source for all the sensors. Only a reduced electronics with very low power consumption is required for the reading of the optical responses and data transmission to a remote user...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203350/separate-and-simultaneous-adjustment-of-light-qualities-in-a-real-scene
#5
Ling Xia, Sylvia C Pont, Ingrid Heynderick
Humans are able to estimate light field properties in a scene in that they have expectations of the objects' appearance inside it. Previously, we probed such expectations in a real scene by asking whether a "probe object" fitted a real scene with regard to its lighting. But how well are observers able to interactively adjust the light properties on a "probe object" to its surrounding real scene? Image ambiguities can result in perceptual interactions between light properties. Such interactions formed a major problem for the "readability" of the illumination direction and diffuseness on a matte smooth spherical probe...
January 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195825/online-tonsillectomy-resources
#6
Lori Wozney, Jill Chorney, Anna Huguet, Jin Soo Song, Emily F Boss, Paul Hong
Objective Parents frequently refer to information on the Internet to confirm or broaden their understanding of surgical procedures and to research postoperative care practices. Our study evaluated the readability, comprehensiveness, and consistency around online recommendations directed at parents of children undergoing tonsillectomy. Study Design A cross-sectional study design was employed. Setting Thirty English-language Internet websites. Subjects and Methods Three validated measures of readability were applied and content analysis was employed to evaluate the comprehensiveness of information in domains of perioperative education...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195565/robust-ferromagnetism-carried-by-antiferromagnetic-domain-walls
#7
Hishiro T Hirose, Jun-Ichi Yamaura, Zenji Hiroi
Ferroic materials, such as ferromagnetic or ferroelectric materials, have been utilized as recording media for memory devices. A recent trend for downsizing, however, requires an alternative, because ferroic orders tend to become unstable for miniaturization. The domain wall nanoelectronics is a new developing direction for next-generation devices, in which atomic domain walls, rather than conventional, large domains themselves, are the active elements. Here we show that atomically thin magnetic domain walls generated in the antiferromagnetic insulator Cd2Os2O7 carry unusual ferromagnetic moments perpendicular to the wall as well as electron conductivity: the ferromagnetic moments are easily polarized even by a tiny field of 1 mT at high temperature, while, once cooled down, they are surprisingly robust even in an inverse magnetic field of 7 T...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194041/initial-development-and-validation-of-the-bullyharm-the-bullying-harassment-and-aggression-receipt-measure
#8
William J Hall
This article describes the development and preliminary validation of the Bullying, Harassment, and Aggression Receipt Measure (BullyHARM). The development of the BullyHARM involved a number of steps and methods, including a literature review, expert review, cognitive testing, readability testing, data collection from a large sample, reliability testing, and confirmatory factor analysis. A sample of 275 middle school students was used to examine the psychometric properties and factor structure of the BullyHARM, which consists of 22 items and 6 subscales: physical bullying, verbal bullying, social/relational bullying, cyber-bullying, property bullying, and sexual bullying...
November 2016: Psychology in the Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188759/bladder-prolapse-configuration-on-baseline-standing-cystogram-can-predict-anterior-vaginal-wall-suspension-procedure-outcomes
#9
Yuefeng Rose Wu, Alana L Christie, Rebecca S Lavelle, Feras Alhalabi, Gaurav Khatri, Philippe E Zimmern
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether bladder prolapse shape on lateral voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is an accurate predictor of anterior vaginal wall suspension (AVWS) procedure outcomes. METHODS: Following an institutional review board approval, preoperative lateral standing VCUG views from a prospectively maintained database of women who underwent AVWS for stage ≥2 cystocele were reviewed retrospectively by 3 reviewers. Patients with no retrievable preoperative VCUG imaging were excluded...
February 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186048/consumer-medication-information-similarities-and-differences-between-three-canadian-pharmacies
#10
Helen Monkman, Andre W Kushniruk
Prescription medication use is prevalent. When a new prescription medication is dispensed, Consumer Medication Information (CMI) is provided to communicate various important aspects of the medication (e.g., benefits, administration instructions, potential side effects). However, CMI is not regulated and differs from pharmacy to pharmacy. This study explores the similarities and differences between the CMI from three pharmacies (two paper print outs and one online source) for a single medication. The three CMI were assessed in terms of readability and utility...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182805/assessment-of-readability-understandability-and-completeness-of-pediatric-hospital-medicine-discharge-instructions
#11
Ndidi I Unaka, Angela Statile, Julianne Haney, Andrew F Beck, Patrick W Brady, Karen E Jerardi
The average American adult reads at an 8th-grade level. Discharge instructions written above this level might increase the risk of adverse outcomes for children as they transition from hospital to home. We conducted a cross-sectional study at a large urban academic children's hospital to describe readability levels, understandability scores, and completeness of written instructions given to families at hospital discharge. Two hundred charts for patients discharged from the hospital medicine service were randomly selected for review...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178606/breast-reconstruction-post-mastectomy-let-s-google-it-accessibility-readability-and-quality-of-online-information
#12
Noel P Lynch, Bronagh Lang, Sophia Angelov, Sarah A McGarrigle, Terence J Boyle, Dhafir Al-Azawi, Elizabeth M Connolly
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the readability, accessibility and quality of information pertaining to breast reconstruction post mastectomy on the Internet in the English language. METHODS: Using the Google(©) search engine the keywords "Breast reconstruction post mastectomy" were searched for. We analyzed the top 75 sites. The Flesch Reading Ease Score and Gunning Fog Index were calculated to assess readability. Web site quality was assessed objectively using the University of Michigan Consumer Health Web site Evaluation Checklist...
February 5, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177307/acedrg-a-stereochemical-description-generator-for-ligands
#13
Fei Long, Robert A Nicholls, Paul Emsley, Saulius Graǽulis, Andrius Merkys, Antanas Vaitkus, Garib N Murshudov
The program AceDRG is designed for the derivation of stereochemical information about small molecules. It uses local chemical and topological environment-based atom typing to derive and organize bond lengths and angles from a small-molecule database: the Crystallography Open Database (COD). Information about the hybridization states of atoms, whether they belong to small rings (up to seven-membered rings), ring aromaticity and nearest-neighbour information is encoded in the atom types. All atoms from the COD have been classified according to the generated atom types...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174067/health-literacy-in-the-ehealth-era-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Henna Kim, Bo Xie
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify studies on online health service use by people with limited health literacy, as the findings could provide insights into how health literacy has been, and should be, addressed in the eHealth era. METHODS: To identify the relevant literature published since 2010, we performed four rounds of selection-database selection, keyword search, screening of the titles and abstracts, and screening of full texts. This process produced a final of 74 publications...
January 28, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162083/developing-an-information-leaflet-for-children-having-planned-procedures-in-hospital
#15
Lucy Bray, Stephanie Sinha
We have developed an information leaflet with advice on how to support children before, during and after a planned clinical procedure, using ideas from consultations with parents and professionals. Children worry about these procedures and children who are prepared and supported through procedures have better experiences. The project developing the leaflet had five phases: a scoping review of existing information, a parent consultation group, readability and parent feedback, professional input and feedback, and a final review by the patient information officer...
February 6, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146568/the-appropriateness-of-language-found-in-research-consent-form-templates-a-computational-linguistic-analysis
#16
Alexander Villafranca, Stephanie Kereliuk, Colin Hamlin, Andrea Johnson, Eric Jacobsohn
BACKGROUND: To facilitate informed consent, consent forms should use language below the grade eight level. Research Ethics Boards (REBs) provide consent form templates to facilitate this goal. Templates with inappropriate language could promote consent forms that participants find difficult to understand. However, a linguistic analysis of templates is lacking. METHODS: We reviewed the websites of 124 REBs for their templates. These included English language medical school REBs in Australia/New Zealand (n = 23), Canada (n = 14), South Africa (n = 8), the United Kingdom (n = 34), and a geographically-stratified sample from the United States (n = 45)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139458/completeness-accuracy-and-readability-of-wikipedia-as-a-reference-for-patient-medication-information
#17
Danielle M Candelario, Victoria Vazquez, William Jackson, Timothy Reilly
OBJECTIVES: This study determined the completeness, accuracy, and reading level of Wikipedia patient drug information compared with the corresponding United States product insert medication guides. METHODS: From the Top 200 Drugs of 2012, the top 33 medications with medication guides were analyzed. Medication guides and Wikipedia pages were downloaded on a single date to ensure continuity of Wikipedia content. To quantify the completeness and accuracy of the Wikipedia medication information, a scoring system was adapted from previously published work and compared with the 7 core domains of medication guides...
January 28, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138915/evaluation-of-internet-based-patient-education-materials-from-internal-medicine-subspecialty-organizations-will-patients-understand-them
#18
David R Hansberry, Nitin Agarwal, Elizabeth S John, Ann M John, Prateek Agarwal, James C Reynolds, Stephen R Baker
The majority of Americans use the Internet daily, if not more often, and many search online for health information to better understand a diagnosis they have been given or to research treatment options. The average American reads at an eighth-grade level. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the readability of online patient education materials on the websites of 14 professional organizations representing the major internal medicine subspecialties. We used ten well-established quantitative readability scales to assess written text from patient education materials published on the websites of the major professional organizations representing the following subspecialty groups: allergy and immunology, cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, geriatrics, hematology, hospice and palliative care, infectious disease, nephrology, oncology, pulmonology and critical care, rheumatology, sleep medicine, and sports medicine...
January 30, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135256/characterizing-cell-subsets-using-marker-enrichment-modeling
#19
Kirsten E Diggins, Allison R Greenplate, Nalin Leelatian, Cara E Wogsland, Jonathan M Irish
Learning cell identity from high-content single-cell data presently relies on human experts. We present marker enrichment modeling (MEM), an algorithm that objectively describes cells by quantifying contextual feature enrichment and reporting a human- and machine-readable text label. MEM outperforms traditional metrics in describing immune and cancer cell subsets from fluorescence and mass cytometry. MEM provides a quantitative language to communicate characteristics of new and established cytotypes observed in complex tissues...
January 30, 2017: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125360/monitoring-total-body-inflammation-and-damage-in-joints-and-entheses-the-first-follow-up-study-of-whole-body-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
M B Axelsen, I Eshed, M Østergaard, M L Hetland, J M Møller, D V Jensen, S B Krintel, M S Hansen, L Terslev, M Klarlund, R P Poggenborg, L Balding, S J Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WBMRI) inflammatory and structural lesions in most joints and entheses in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with adalimumab. METHODS: WBMRI was obtained at weeks 0, 6, 16, and 52 in a 52 week follow-up study of 37 RA patients starting treatment with adalimumab. Readability and reliability of WBMRI were investigated for 76 peripheral joints, 23 discovertebral units, the sacroiliac joints, and 33 entheses...
January 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
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