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Nicole Bonelli, Costanza Montis, Antonio Mirabile, Debora Berti, Piero Baglioni
The presence of pressure-sensitive tapes (PSTs) on paper artworks, either fortuitous or specifically applied for conservation purposes, is one of the most frequent and difficult issues encountered during restoration. Aged PSTs can damage or disfigure artworks, compromising structural integrity, readability, and enjoyment. Current procedures are often inherently hazardous for artistic media and paper support. Challenged by the necessity to remove PSTs from a contemporary and an ancient drawing (20th century, by artists da Silva and Hayter, and a 16th century drawing of one figure from the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo), we addressed this issue from a physicochemical perspective, leveraging colloid and interface science...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Dong Li, Dongxing Zheng, Chao Jin, Wanchao Zheng, Haili Bai
Epitaxial La0.1 Bi0.9 FeO3 (LBFO) films with SrRuO3 (SRO) bottom electrodes were fabricated on SrTiO3 (001) substrates by magnetron sputtering. The LBFO thin films exhibit strong ferroelectric properties. Electric field controlled nonvolatile reversible resistance switchings and switchable photovoltaic effects have been observed in Pt/LBFO/SRO heterostructures. With the optimized LBFO film thickness, the observed room temperature pulsed-read resistance switching ratio can reach 105 % magnitude by applying ±2...
May 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Emily Hagg, V Susan Dahinten, Leanne M Currie
BACKGROUND: Social media allows for instant access to, and dissemination of, information around the globe. Access to social media in low- and middle-income countries has increased exponentially in recent years due to technological advances. Despite this growth, the use of social media in low- and middle-income countries is less well-researched than in high-income countries. OBJECTIVE: To identify, explore and summarize the current state of the literature on the use of social media for health in low- and middle-income countries...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Nicole Leigh Aaronson, Johnathan Edward Castaño, Jeffrey P Simons, Noel Jabbour
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the quality and readability of websites on ankyloglossia, tongue tie, and frenulectomy. METHODS: Google was queried with six search terms: tongue tie, tongue tie and breastfeeding, tongue tie and frenulectomy, ankyloglossia, ankyloglossia and breastfeeding, and ankyloglossia and frenulectomy. Website quality was assessed using the DISCERN instrument. Readability was evaluated using the Flesch-Kincaid Reading Grade Level, Flesch Reading Ease Score, and Fry readability formula...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Lisa A Durrant, James Taylor, Helen Thompson, Kim Usher, Debra Jackson
The present study, drawn from a larger mixed-methods case study, provides insights into the health literacy of community-based patients with pressure injuries, and their carers, and critically analyzes the patient information resources available; crucial because health literacy is associated with patient care and outcomes for patients. Two datasets were used to better understand patient literacy in relation to pressure injury: (i) narratives from patients and carers; and (ii) analysis of patient education resources...
May 17, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
P Huston, Bck Choi
Effective communication of scientific research is critical to advancing science and optimizing the impact of one's professional work. This article provides a guide on preparing scientific manuscripts for publication in the health sciences. It is geared to health professionals who are starting to report their findings in peer-reviewed journals or who would like to refresh their knowledge in this area. It identifies five key steps. First, adopt best practices in scientific publications, including collaborative writing and ethical reporting...
September 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
Suzuko Yamazaki, Dai Shimizu, Seiji Tani, Kensuke Honda, Michinori Sumimoto, Kenji Komaguchi
Tungsten oxide-based photochromic films which change reversibly in air between colorless-transparent in the dark and dark blue under UV irradiation were prepared by using methylcellulose as a film matrix and various dispersants. Alpha-hydroxyl acid like glycolic acid (GA) or glyceric acid (GlyA) is the best dispersant because it can make the film transparent by adding a small quantity much less than that of 3-hydroxypropionic acid or ethylene glycol. Fourier-transform infrared spectra and Raman spectra indicate that a strong interaction exists between WO3 and GA or GlyA...
May 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Otis L Owens, Jenay M Beer, Ligia I Reyes, David G Gallerani, Amanda R Myhren-Bennett, Karen K McDonnell
BACKGROUND: Up to 70% of lung cancer survivors are affected by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a common, debilitating, comorbid disease. Lung cancer and COPD are both characterized by symptoms such as breathlessness, fatigue, and psychological distress. These distressing chronic symptoms are exacerbated by stress and detract from an individual's quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate evidence-based, commercially available apps for promoting mindfulness-based strategies among adults with a COPD or lung cancer history (ie, chronic lung disease)...
May 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Asa W Shnaekel, Kristie B Hadden, Tina D Moore, Latrina Y Prince, C Lowry Barnes
This study aimed to evaluate patient education materials that are focused on total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using health literacy best practices and plain language principles as frameworks. Readability assessments were conducted on a sample of nine patient education documents that are commonly given to THA and TKA surgery patients. Mean readability scores were compared across the sample. The mean readability grade level for the nine arthroplasty educational documents analyzed in this study was 11th grade (10...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Cecilia W P Li-Tsang, Tim M H Li, Mandy S W Lau, Choco H Y Ho, Howard W H Leung
OBJECTIVES: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning difficulties (LDs) are proposed as 2 overlapping disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate the handwriting performance in ADHD and comorbid ADHD-LD adolescents. METHODS: The study examined the Chinese and English handwriting performance and sensorimotor skills of 32 ADHD, 12 ADHD-LD, and their matched controls. RESULTS: Participants with ADHD had comparable writing time and speed, but the readability was lower than their controls...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Anil Pacaci, Suat Gonul, A Anil Sinaci, Mustafa Yuksel, Gokce B Laleci Erturkmen
Background: Utilization of the available observational healthcare datasets is key to complement and strengthen the postmarketing safety studies. Use of common data models (CDM) is the predominant approach in order to enable large scale systematic analyses on disparate data models and vocabularies. Current CDM transformation practices depend on proprietarily developed Extract-Transform-Load (ETL) procedures, which require knowledge both on the semantics and technical characteristics of the source datasets and target CDM...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Mi Jamie Zhou, Baozhou Lu, Weiguo Patrick Fan, G Alan Wang
Existing research on antecedent of funding success mainly focuses on basic project properties such as funding goal, duration, and project category. In this study, we view the process by which project owners raise funds from backers as a persuasion process through project descriptions. Guided by the unimodel theory of persuasion, this study identifies three exemplary antecedents (length, readability, and tone) from the content of project descriptions and two antecedents (past experience and past expertise) from the trustworthy cue of project descriptions...
2018: Information Systems Frontiers: a Journal of Research and Innovation
Anna Trofimova, Brianna L Vey, Nabile M Safdar, Richard Duszak, Nadja Kadom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Karin H M Larmené-Beld, E Kim Alting, Katja Taxis
PURPOSE: Unclear labeling has been recognized as an important cause of look-alike medication errors. The aim of this literature review is to systematically evaluate the current evidence on strategies to minimize medication errors due to look-alike labels. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed and EMBASE for all available years was performed independently by two reviewers. Original studies assessing strategies to minimize medication errors due to look-alike labels focusing on readability of labels by health professionals or consumers were included...
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Jason E Lang, Anusha Vadlamudi
True informed consent is a vital component of clinical research. Obtaining informed consent involves informing the subject about the study purpose, any tests and procedures that may be involved, his or her rights, and potential risks and benefits of participation. Over the past few decades, informed consent documents have gotten longer and more complicated in order to comply with regulatory standards. This jeopardizes participant understanding and the intended purpose of the document. We analyzed the complexity of informed consent documents in 8 American Lung Association Asthma Clinical Research Center (ALA-ACRC) clinical trials taking place between 2000 and 2015...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Sarah A MacLean, Corey H Basch, Ashley Clark, Charles E Basch
Background: The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has decreased in recent years, due in large part to increased screening, particularly through colonoscopy. This study aimed to examine the level of readability of information on colonoscopy preparation written on 100 websites that were found via an internet search. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the content of the first 100 websites in English found via an internet search were analyzed using established readability scales. Websites were compared based on whether they had a commercial or non-commercial URL extension...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Helen Pryce, Marie-Anne Durand, Amanda Hall, Rachel Shaw, Beth-Anne Culhane, Sarah Swift, Jean Straus, Elizabeth Marks, Melanie Ward, Katie Chilvers
OBJECTIVE: To develop a decision aid for tinnitus care that would meet international consensus for decision aid quality. DESIGN: A mixed methods design that included qualitative in-depth interviews, literature review, focus groups, user testing and readability checking. STUDY SAMPLE: Patients and clinicians who have clinical experience of tinnitus. RESULTS: A decision aid for tinnitus care was developed. This incorporates key evidence of efficacy for the most frequently used tinnitus care options, together with information derived from patient priorities when deciding which choice to make...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Nozomi Mihara, Yasuyuki Yamada, Ko Furukawa, Tatsuhisa Kato, Kentaro Tanaka
Cofacial assemblies of metalloporphyrinoids represent a fascinating platform for the fabrication of novel functional molecular assemblies based on π-π, d-d, and d-π interactions between components. In this paper, we present a novel synthetic strategy for the programmable arrangement of different metal ions inside a cofacially stacked trimer of porphyrinoids. A combination of two different assemblies was utilized for our purpose: a tetracationic fourfold rotaxane heterodimer between a porphyrin with four alkylammonium chains and a phthalocyanine bearing four peripheral crown ethers, and a stacked assembly between the fourfold rotaxane heterodimer and an additional tetraanionic porphyrin...
May 9, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Daniela Lucini, Nadia Solaro, Massimo Pagani
In spite of the large body of evidence suggesting Heart Rate Variability (HRV) alone or combined with blood pressure variability (providing an estimate of baroreflex gain) as a useful technique to assess the autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system, there is still an ongoing debate about methodology, interpretation, and clinical applications. In the present investigation, we hypothesize that non-parametric and multivariate exploratory statistical manipulation of HRV data could provide a novel informational tool useful to differentiate normal controls from clinical groups, such as athletes, or subjects affected by obesity, hypertension, or stress...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Julia Brütting, Lydia Reinhardt, Maike Bergmann, Dirk Schadendorf, Christiane Weber, Wolfgang Tilgen, Carola Berking, Friedegund Meier
Booklets are the preferably used form among patient education materials and are often handed out during medical consultations in dermatological oncology settings. However, little is known about how beneficial they are and whether they correspond to essential quality characteristics. To assess the quality, readability, and understandability of currently freely available booklets written in German addressing melanoma patients (MP). Melanoma booklets in accordance with predefined criteria were searched and analyzed...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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