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Kevin Wong, Jessica R Levi
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Evaluate the readability of pediatric otolaryngology-related patient education materials from leading online sources. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: All pediatric otolaryngology-related articles from the online patient health libraries of the top 10 US News & World Report-ranked children's hospitals, top 5 Doximity-ranked pediatric otolaryngology fellowships, and the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery were collected...
October 18, 2016: Laryngoscope
Michael Bobian, Aron Kandinov, Nour El-Kashlan, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Ross Mayerhoff, Jean Anderson Eloy, S Naweed Raza
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Despite the increasing role of mobile applications (apps) in patient education, there has been little inquiry evaluating the quality of these resources. Because poor health literacy has been associated with inferior health outcomes, evaluating the quality of patient education materials takes on great importance. Our objective was to employ validated readability tools for the evaluation of gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) mobile apps. METHODS: GERD-specific apps found in the Apple App Store (Apple Inc...
October 18, 2016: Laryngoscope
Carol J Howe, Donelle M Barnes, Griselle B Estrada, Ignacio Godinez
Hispanics who speak Spanish are at risk for low health literacy. We evaluated Spanish language hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM) patient education materials from U.S. federal agency public sector sources using the Suitability of Assessment (SAM) instrument. Mean readability for HTN materials was grade 7.9 and for DM materials was grade 6.6. Mean SAM score for HTN materials was 43.9 and for DM materials was 63.2. SAM scores were significantly better for DM than for HTN materials in overall score, content, graphics, layout, stimulation/motivation, and cultural appropriateness (p < ...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
D J Hamilton, D W Wheeler, C M White, C L Rees, A O Komendantov, M Bergamino, G A Ascoli
Widely spread naming inconsistencies in neuroscience pose a vexing obstacle to effective communication within and across areas of expertise. This problem is particularly acute when identifying neuron types and their properties. is a web-accessible neuroinformatics resource that organizes existing data about essential properties of all known neuron types in the rodent hippocampal formation. links evidence supporting the assignment of a property to a type with direct pointers to quotes and figures...
June 9, 2016: Brain Informatics
Christine C Johnson, Grant H Garcia, Joseph N Liu, Jeffrey G Stepan, Ronak M Patel, Joshua S Dines
BACKGROUND: The quality of medical information on the Internet has come under scrutiny. This study investigates the quality, accuracy, and readability of online information regarding ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries. METHODS: Three search terms ("elbow ulnar collateral ligament injury," "tommy john injury," and "pitcher's elbow") were entered into 3 Internet search engines. Three independent reviewers evaluated the content and accuracy of the information with a set of predetermined scoring criteria...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Fozia Saeed, Ian Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Manor Askenazi, Hisham Ben Hamidane, Johannes Graumann
The evolution of data exchange in Mass Spectrometry spans decades and has ranged from human-readable text files representing individual scans or collections thereof (McDonald et al., 2004) through the official standard XML-based (Harold, Means, & Udemadu, 2005) data interchange standard (Deutsch, 2012), to increasingly compressed (Teleman et al., 2014) variants of this standard sometimes requiring purely binary adjunct files (Römpp et al., 2011). While the desire to maintain even partial human readability is understandable, the inherent mismatch between XML's textual and irregular format relative to the numeric and highly regular nature of actual spectral data, along with the explosive growth in dataset scales and the resulting need for efficient (binary and indexed) access has led to a phenomenon referred to as "technical drift" (Davis, 2013)...
October 14, 2016: Mass Spectrometry Reviews
Lan Chi Vo, Christopher Snyder, Courtney McCracken, Christopher J McDougle, James T McCracken, Michael G Aman, Elaine Tierney, L Eugene Arnold, Daniel Levi, Michael Kelleman, Deirdre Carroll, John Morrissey, Benedetto Vitiello, Lawrence Scahill
OBJECTIVES: Risperidone is approved for the treatment of serious behavioral problems in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the effects of risperidone on cardiac conduction in children with ASD. METHODS: Data were collected from an 8-week, five-site trial conducted by the Research Units on Pediatric Psychopharmacology Autism Network. Children (age 5-17 years) were randomly assigned to risperidone (n = 49) or placebo (n = 52) under double-blind conditions...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Christian Keinki, Richard Zowalla, Martin Wiesner, Marie Jolin Koester, Jutta Huebner
The improvement of health literacy in general and the information of individual patient is a major concern of the German national cancer plan and similar initiatives in other western countries. The aim of our study was to assess the readability and understandability of information booklets for cancer patients available at German Web sites. A support vector machine (SVM) was used to discriminate between laymen- and expert-centric patient information booklets about nine most common tumor types. All booklets had to be available for free at the Internet...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Denis Lavoie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Katie Dalziel, Michael J Leveridge, Stephen S Steele, Jason P Izard
INTRODUCTION: Health literacy has been shown to be an important determinant of outcomes in numerous disease states. In an effort to improve health literacy, the Canadian Urological Association (CUA) publishes freely accessible patient information materials (PIMs) on common urological conditions. We sought to evaluate the readability of the CUA's PIMs. METHODS: All PIMs were accessed through the CUA website. The Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES), the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), and the number of educational graphics were determined for each PIM...
May 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Gaiyan Wen, Xinchun Liu, Lihua Huang, Jingxian Shu, Nana Xu, Ruifang Chen, Zhijun Huang, Guoping Yang, Xiaomin Wang, Yuxia Xiang, Yao Lu, Hong Yuan
PURPOSE: To explore the readability and content integrity of informed consent forms (ICFs) used in China and to compare the quality of Chinese local ICFs with that of international ICFs. METHODS: The length, readability and content of 155 consent documents from phase II-IV drug clinical trials from the Third Xiangya Hospital Ethics Committee from November 2009 to January 2015 were evaluated. Reading difficulty was tested using a readability formula adapted for the Chinese language...
2016: PloS One
Marsha Michie, Stephanie A Kraft, Mollie A Minear, Roberta R Ryan, Megan A Allyse
OBJECTIVES: The introduction of prenatal cfDNA screening for fetal aneuploidy and other genetic conditions has exacerbated concerns about informed decision-making in clinical prenatal testing. To assess the information provided to patients to facilitate decisions about cfDNA screening, we collected written patient education and consent documents created by laboratories and clinics. METHODS: Informed consent documents (IC) were coded by two independent coders. Each IC was assessed for readability, attention to elements of informed consent, and completeness of information about the test and the screened conditions...
July 2016: Ethics Med Public Health
David Kauchak, Gondy Leroy
Limited health literacy is a barrier to understanding health information. Simplifying text can reduce this barrier and possibly other known disparities in health. Unfortunately, few tools exist to simplify text with demonstrated impact on comprehension. By leveraging modern data sources integrated with natural language processing algorithms, we are developing the first semi-automated text simplification tool. We present two main contributions. First, we introduce our evidence-based development strategy for designing effective text simplification software and summarize initial, promising results...
May 2016: IT Professional
G Caja, E Díaz-Medina, A A K Salama, O A E Salama, M H El-Shafie, H A El-Metwaly, M Ayadi, R S Aljumaah, M A Alshaikh, M H Yahyahoui, M M Seddik, M Hammadi, T Khorchani, O Amann, S Cabrera
The camel industry uses traditional (i.e., iron brands and ear tags) and modern (i.e., microchips) identification (ID) systems without having performance results of reference. Previously iron-branded ( = 45; 1 yr) and microchipped ( = 59; 7 yr) camels showed problems of healing (8.6% of brands) and reading (only 42.9% of brands and 69.5% of microchips were readable), which made their use inadvisable. With the aim of proposing suitable ID systems for different farming conditions, an on-field study was performed using a total of 528 dromedaries at 4 different locations (Egypt, = 83; Spain, = 304; Saudi Arabia, = 90; and Tunisia, = 51)...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
Bassel H Al Wattar, Connie Pidgeon, Hazel Learner, Javier Zamora, Shakila Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of health information available online for healthcare users on obesity in pregnancy and evaluate the role of the internet as an effective medium to advocate a healthy lifestyle in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We used the poly-search engine Polymeta and complimented the results with Google searches (till July 2015) to identify relevant websites. All open access websites in English providing advice on the risks and management of obesity in pregnancy...
September 21, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Selda Celik, Rukiye Pinar
PURPOSE: To examine the psychometric properties of a Turkish version of the Diabetes Fear of Injecting and Self-testing Questionnaire (D-FISQ). METHODS: Forward-backward translation of the D-FISQ from English into Turkish was conducted. Original English and translated forms were examined by a panel group. Validity was investigated using content, confirmatory factor analysis, and divergent validity. Reliability was assessed using Cronbach α values, item-total correlations, and intraclass correlations...
September 2016: Asian Nursing Research
Vivak Hansrani, Zainab Dhorat, Charles N McCollum
BACKGROUND: Pelvic vein incompetence is a cause for pelvic pain and recurrent varicose veins in women. The gold standard diagnostic method is reflux venography involving radiation, nephrotoxic contrast and jugular puncture. Trans-vaginal ultrasound (TVU) is increasingly being used as a diagnostic tool for pelvic vein incompetence. METHODS: Fifty women with clinical suspicion of pelvic vein incompetence and aged between 18 and 55 years were recruited prospectively over two years at a large UK University Teaching Hospital...
September 29, 2016: Vascular
Elad Yom-Tov, Barbara Marino, Jennifer Pai, Dawn Harris, Michael Wolf
The Internet continues to be an important supplemental health information resource for an increasing number of U.S. adults, especially for those with a new or existing chronic condition. Here we examine how people use the Internet to learn about Type 2 diabetes and how health literacy (HL) influences this information-seeking behavior. We analyzed the searches of approximately 2 million people who queried for diabetes-related information on Microsoft's Bing search engine. The HL of searchers was imputed through a community-based HL score...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Arpan V Prabhu, David R Hansberry, Nitin Agarwal, David A Clump, Dwight E Heron
PURPOSE: Physicians encourage patients to be informed about their health care options, but much of the online health care-related resources can be beneficial only if patients are capable of comprehending it. This study's aim was to assess the readability level of online patient education resources for radiation oncology to conclude whether they meet the general public's health literacy needs as determined by the guidelines of the United States National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA)...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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