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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339932/computerized-versus-hand-scored-health-literacy-tools-a-comparison-of-simple-measure-of-gobbledygook-smog-and-flesch-kincaid-in-printed-patient-education-materials
#1
Kelsey Leonard Grabeel, Jennifer Russomanno, Sandy Oelschlegel, Emily Tester, Robert Eric Heidel
Objective: The research compared and contrasted hand-scoring and computerized methods of evaluating the grade level of patient education materials that are distributed at an academic medical center in east Tennessee and sought to determine if these materials adhered to the American Medical Association's (AMA's) recommended reading level of sixth grade. Methods: Librarians at an academic medical center located in the heart of Appalachian Tennessee initiated the assessment of 150 of the most used printed patient education materials...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339784/anisotropic-sensor-and-memory-device-with-a-ferromagnetic-tunnel-barrier-as-the-only-magnetic-element
#2
L Lόpez-Mir, C Frontera, H Aramberri, K Bouzehouane, J Cisneros-Fernández, B Bozzo, L Balcells, B Martínez
Multiple spin functionalities are probed on Pt/La2Co0.8Mn1.2O6/Nb:SrTiO3, a device composed by a ferromagnetic insulating barrier sandwiched between non-magnetic electrodes. Uniquely, La2Co0.8Mn1.2O6 thin films present strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of magnetocrystalline origin, property of major interest for spintronics. The junction has an estimated spin-filtering efficiency of 99.7% and tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance (TAMR) values up to 30% at low temperatures. This remarkable angular dependence of the magnetoresistance is associated with the magnetic anisotropy whose origin lies in the large spin-orbit interaction of Co2+ which is additionally tuned by the strain of the crystal lattice...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335210/privileged-scaffolds-as-mao-inhibitors-retrospect-and-prospects
#3
REVIEW
Avinash C Tripathi, Savita Upadhyay, Sarvesh Paliwal, Shailendra K Saraf
This review aims to be a comprehensive, authoritative, critical, and readable review of general interest to the medicinal chemistry community because it focuses on the pharmacological, chemical, structural and computational aspects of diverse chemical categories as monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). Monoamine oxidases (MAOs), namely MAO-A and MAO-B represent an enormously valuable class of neuronal enzymes embodying neurobiological origin and functions, serving as potential therapeutic target in neuronal pharmacotherapy, and hence we have coined the term "Neurozymes" which is being introduced for the first time ever...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331361/uterine-artery-embolization-an-analysis-of-online-patient-information-quality-and-readability-with-historical-comparison
#4
Timothy E Murray, Tayyaub Mansoor, Dermot J Bowden, Damien C O'Neill, Michael J Lee
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Investigators aimed to assess online information describing uterine artery embolization (UAE) to examine the quality and readability of websites patients are accessing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A list of applicable, commonly used searchable terms was generated, including "Uterine Artery Embolization," "Fibroid Embolization," "Uterine Fibroid Embolization," and "Uterine Artery Embolisation." Each possible term was assessed across the five most-used English language search engines to determine the most commonly used term...
January 10, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325852/quality-and-readability-of-internet-based-information-on-halitosis
#5
Jung Hwan Jo, Eui Joo Kim, Ji Rak Kim, Moon Jong Kim, Jin Woo Chung, Ji Woon Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality and readability of Internet-based information on halitosis. STUDY DESIGN: An Internet search through 3 engines (Google, Yahoo, and Bing) was done with the terms ("bad breath," "halitosis," "oral malodor," "foul breath," "mouth malodor," "breath malodor," "fetor ex ore," "fetor oris," "ozostomia," and "stomatodysodia"). The first 50 websites from each engine resulting from each search term were screened. Included websites were evaluated using Health on the Net (HON) criteria, Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks, DISCERN, Ensuring Quality Information for Patients (EQIP), Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) score, and Flesch-Kincaid Grade level...
December 8, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315116/minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-analyzing-internet-based-education-material
#6
Jessica Bryant, Rohith Mohan, Brian Koottappillil, Kevin Wong, Paul H Yi
STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the content of information available on the Internet regarding minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients look to the Internet for quick and accessible information on orthopedic procedures to help guide their personal decision making process regarding the care they receive. However, the quality of internet-based orthopedic education material varies significantly with respect to accuracy and readability...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313299/websites-on-bladder-cancer-an-appropriate-source-of-patient-information
#7
Johannes Salem, Pia Paffenholz, Christian Bolenz, Melanie von Brandenstein, Angelika Cebulla, Axel Haferkamp, Timur Kuru, Cheryl T Lee, David Pfister, Igor Tsaur, Hendrik Borgmann, Axel Heidenreich
A growing number of patients search for health information online. An early investigation of websites about bladder cancer (BCa) revealed mostly incomplete and particularly inaccurate information. We analyzed the quality, readability, and popularity of the most frequented websites on BCa. An Internet search on www.google.com was performed for the term "bladder cancer." After selecting the most frequented websites for patient information, HONcode quality certification, Alexa popularity rank, and readability scores (according to US grade levels) were investigated...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310924/coverage-and-readability-of-information-resources-to-help-patients-understand-radiology-reports
#8
Teresa Martin-Carreras, Charles E Kahn
BACKGROUND: Radiology reports can be difficult for a layperson to understand. MedlinePlus, a patient-oriented reference from the National Library of Medicine, may offer limited coverage of radiology report concepts. RadLex provides an extensive radiology vocabulary but may be ill suited to help patients understand radiology reports. We compared MedlinePlus, RadLex, and the PORTER (Patient-Oriented Radiology Reporter) lay-language radiology glossary for their coverage of radiology reports and for the readability of their definitions...
December 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301737/privacy-policies-for-apps-targeted-toward-youth-descriptive-analysis-of-readability
#9
Gitanjali Das, Cynthia Cheung, Camille Nebeker, Matthew Bietz, Cinnamon Bloss
BACKGROUND: Due to the growing availability of consumer information, the protection of personal data is of increasing concern. OBJECTIVE: We assessed readability metrics of privacy policies for apps that are either available to or targeted toward youth to inform strategies to educate and protect youth from unintentional sharing of personal data. METHODS: We reviewed the 1200 highest ranked apps from the Apple and Google Play Stores and systematically selected apps geared toward youth...
January 4, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301385/ethical-considerations-related-to-return-of-results-from-genomic-medicine-projects-the-emerge-network-phase-iii-experience
#10
Robyn Fossey, David Kochan, Erin Winkler, Joel E Pacyna, Janet Olson, Stephen Thibodeau, John J Connolly, Margaret Harr, Meckenzie A Behr, Cynthia A Prows, Beth Cobb, Melanie F Myers, Nancy D Leslie, Bahram Namjou-Khales, Hila Milo Rasouly, Julia Wynn, Alexander Fedotov, Wendy K Chung, Ali Gharavi, Janet L Williams, Lynn Pais, Ingrid Holm, Sharon Aufox, Maureen E Smith, Aaron Scrol, Kathleen Leppig, Gail P Jarvik, Georgia L Wiesner, Rongling Li, Mary Stroud, Jordan W Smoller, Richard R Sharp, Iftikhar J Kullo
We examined the Institutional Review Board (IRB) process at 9 academic institutions in the electronic Medical Records and Genomics (eMERGE) Network, for proposed electronic health record-based genomic medicine studies, to identify common questions and concerns. Sequencing of 109 disease related genes and genotyping of 14 actionable variants is being performed in ~28,100 participants from the 9 sites. Pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants in actionable genes are being returned to study participants. We examined each site's research protocols, informed-consent materials, and interactions with IRB staff...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298112/antineoplastic-agents-and-in-fertility-informing-patients-to-improve-decisions
#11
Cristina Silva, Ana Teresa Almeida-Santos, Cláudia Melo, Ana Cristina Ribeiro Rama
PURPOSE: Infertility is a potential adverse effect of cancer treatment, and future fertility is an important issue for cancer patients. In Portugal, the Centre for Fertility Preservation of CHUC, EPE, conducted a project to develop and disseminate oncofertility information resources. In this study, we report the results of the specific component of this program, which intended to produce information resources that promote patients' awareness of the subject and to support decisions concerning fertility preservation...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287948/readability-of-the-most-commonly-accessed-arthroscopy-related-online-patient-education-materials
#12
Sheriff D Akinleye, Ryan Krochak, Nicholas Richardson, Garret Garofolo, Maya Deza Culbertson, Orry Erez
PURPOSE: To assess the readability and comprehension of written text by the most commonly visited websites containing patient education materials on common conditions that can be treated arthroscopically. METHODS: We examined 50 websites, assessed independently by 2 orthopaedic surgery residents (S.A. and G.G.), with educational materials on 5 common conditions treated by arthroscopic surgeons: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear, meniscus tear, hip labral tear, shoulder labral tear, and rotator cuff tear...
December 26, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287850/readability-of-online-patient-education-materials-for-velopharyngeal-insufficiency
#13
Deborah X Xie, Ray Y Wang, Sivakumar Chinnadurai
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the readability of online and mobile application health information about velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). METHODS: Top website and mobile application results for search terms "velopharyngeal insufficiency", "velopharyngeal dysfunction", "VPI", and "VPD" were analyzed. Readability was determined using 10 algorithms with Readability Studio Professional Edition (Oleander Software Ltd; Vandalia, OH). Subgroup analysis was performed based on search term and article source - academic hospital, general online resource, peer-reviewed journal, or professional organization...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286863/readability-assessment-of-online-uveitis-patient-education-materials
#14
Samantha Ayoub, Edmund Tsui, Taariq Mohammed, Joseph Tseng
PURPOSE: To evaluate the readability of online uveitis patient education materials. METHODS: A Google search in November 2016 was completed using search term "uveitis" and "uveitis inflammation." The top 50 websites with patient-centered information were selected and analyzed for readability using the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES), Gunning FOG Index (GFI), and Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG). Statistical analysis was performed with two-tailed t-tests...
December 29, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281001/genome-u-plot-a-whole-genome-visualization
#15
Athanasios Gaitatzes, Sarah H Johnson, James B Smadbeck, George Vasmatzis
Motivation: The ability to produce and analyze whole genome sequencing (WGS) data from samples with structural variations (SV) generated the need to visualize such abnormalities in simplified plots. Conventional two-dimensional representations of WGS data frequently use either circular or linear layouts. There are several diverse advantages regarding both these representations, but their major disadvantage is that they do not use the two-dimensional space very efficiently. We propose a layout, termed the Genome U-Plot, which spreads the chromosomes on a two-dimensional surface and essentially quadruples the spatial resolution...
December 21, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278863/otoplasty-online-information-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-the-websites-and-videos-that-patients-view-regarding-cosmetic-ear-surgery
#16
Michael E Nissan, Amar Gupta, Hani Rayess, Kevin Z Black, Michael Carron
Physicians should be aware of both websites and videos available online regarding the otoplasty procedure to provide quality care. This study systematically analyzes the authorships, reliability, quality, and readability of the websites, as well as the authorships and primary objectives of the videos regarding otoplasty. Validated instruments were used to analyze the reliability, quality, and readability of websites, and videos were systematically categorized and analyzed. A Google search was conducted, and the first five pages of results were included in this study...
December 26, 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243548/readability-of-human-subjects-training-materials-for-research
#17
Kristie B Hadden, Latrina Prince, Laura James, Jennifer Holland, Christopher R Trudeau
Institutions are required to ensure that persons involved in human subjects research receive appropriate human subjects protections training and education. Several organizations use the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) program to fulfill training requirements. Most researchers find the CITI program too complex for community members who collaborate with researchers. This study aimed to determine the readability of CITI modules most frequently used in community-based participatory research (CBPR)...
February 2018: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243544/communication-is-key-the-utility-of-a-revised-neuropsychological-report-format
#18
Katherine T Baum, Christian von Thomsen, Megan Elam, Christel Murphy, Melissa Gerstle, Cynthia A Austin, Dean W Beebe
OBJECTIVE: The neuropsychological report is a critical tool for communicating evaluation results to multiple audiences who have varying knowledge about neuropsychology and often have limited ability to review long, complex reports. Considerable time is spent writing these reports and challenges persist related to readability, length/complexity, and billable clinical time (which may be capped by third-party payors or families' ability to pay). METHODS: This quality improvement effort systematically evaluated the redesign of pediatric neuropsychological reports in an outpatient clinic serving primarily medical populations...
December 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242860/aluminum-nanostructures-with-strong-visible-range-sers-activity-for-versatile-micropatterning-of-molecular-security-labels
#19
Chee Leng Lay, Charlynn Sher Lin Koh, Jing Wang, Yih Hong Lee, Ruibin Jiang, Yijie Yang, Zhe Yang, In Yee Phang, Xing Yi Ling
The application of aluminum (Al)-based nanostructures for visible-range plasmonics, especially for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), currently suffers from inconsistent local electromagnetic field distributions and/or inhomogeneous distribution of probe molecules. Herein, we lithographically fabricate structurally uniform Al nanostructures which enable homogeneous adsorption of various probe molecules. Individual Al nanostructures exhibit strong local electromagnetic field enhancements, in turn leading to intense SERS activity...
December 15, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237585/evaluating-the-dental-caries-related-information-on-brazilian-websites-qualitative-study
#20
Patricia Estefania Ayala Aguirre, Melina Martins Coelho, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Agnes Fátima Pereira Cruvinel, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common chronic oral disease, affecting 2.4 billion people worldwide who on average have 2.11 decayed, missing, or filled teeth. It impacts the quality of life of patients, socially and economically. However, the comprehension of dental caries may be difficult for most people, as it involves a multifactorial etiology with the interplay between the tooth surface, the dental biofilm, dietary fermentable carbohydrates, and genetic and behavioral factors...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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