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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525609/e-cigarettes-and-weight-loss-product-design-innovation-insights-from-industry-patents
#1
Harkirat Singh, Ryan David Kennedy, Lisa Lagasse, Lauren M Czaplicki, Joanna E Cohen
Objective: There is emerging evidence that e-cigarettes are being used by some to mitigate weight gain after quitting smoking, and being used to help control weight. This study sought to identify and describe patents related to innovations for e-cigarette devices associated and weight loss. Methods: Relevant patents were identified using Google Patents with the core search terms: "electronic cigarette" OR "e-cigarette" OR "vaporizer" OR "vapourizer" AND "nicotine" AND "weight loss" OR "weight control" OR "obesity" OR "hunger"...
May 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523128/comparison-of-medicines-management-strategies-in-insurance-schemes-in-middle-income-countries-four-case-studies
#2
Warren A Kaplan, Paul G Ashigbie, Mohamad I Brooks, Veronika J Wirtz
BACKGROUND: Many middle-income countries are scaling up health insurance schemes to provide financial protection and access to affordable medicines to poor and uninsured populations. Although there is a wealth of evidence on how high income countries with mature insurance schemes manage cost-effective use of medicines, there is limited evidence on the strategies used in middle-income countries. This paper compares the medicines management strategies that four insurance schemes in middle-income countries use to improve access and cost-effective use of medicines among beneficiaries...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516372/does-thyroid-dysfunction-increase-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Y Fang, L Yao, J Sun, R Yang, Y Chen, J Tian, K Yang, L Tian
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid hormone replacement, and the risk of breast cancer. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, Web of Science, and China Biology Medicine (CBM) databases through June 2016 to identify researches that assessed the relationship between thyroid dysfunction and the risk of breast cancer together with the impact of thyroid hormone substitution treatment on incidence of breast cancer...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505468/comparison-of-insight-and-clinical-variables-in-homeless-and-non-homeless-psychiatric-inpatients-in-china
#4
Yan-Nan Fu, Xiao-Lan Cao, Cai-Lan Hou, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Yong-Qiang Lin, Lihui Wang, Xiaocong Zheng, Fu-Jun Jia, Yu-Tao Xiang
There are no published data on insight in homeless patients with psychiatric disorders in China. This study examined insight in homeless and non-homeless Chinese psychiatric inpatients in relation to demographic and clinical variables. A total of 278 homeless and 222 non-homeless inpatients matched in age and gender were included in the study. Demographic and clinical characteristics were collected based on a review of medical charts and a clinical interview with standardized instruments. Insight was evaluated with the Insight and Treatment Attitudes Questionnaire...
May 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504045/book-review-understanding-suicide-a-social-psychological-study-in-the-chinese-cultural-contexts-jie-zhang-understanding-suicide-a-social-psychological-study-in-the-chinese-cultural-contexts-beijing-china-china-renmin-university-press-2016-isbn-978-7-300-23178
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503636/the-various-roles-of-oncology-nurse-specialists-an-international-perspective
#6
EDITORIAL
Ilana Kadmon
Ilana Kadmon, PhD, RN was for many years a nurse specialist in Breast Cancer at Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel. From 2016, she started the role of a nurse academic consultant at the nursing division at Hadassah. Her PhD is from The University of Edinburgh, UK. Her research involved psychosocial aspects of breast cancer, and the role of the breast care nurse (BCN). She was a pioneer in developing the post of the BCN in Israel. This position was initially developed by her at Hadassah and initiated by the Israel Cancer Association...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503051/an-update-review-on-the-anthelmintic-activity-of-bitter-gourd-momordica-charantia
#7
REVIEW
Sutthaya Poolperm, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Momordica charantia (Family: Cucurbitales), as known as bitter melon or gourd, is a daily consumption as food and traditional medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and Indo-China. It has been shown to possess anticancer, antidepressant, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiobesity, antioxidant, and antiulcer properties. Its common phytochemical components include alkaloids, charantin, flavonoids, glycosides, phenolics, tannins, and terpenoids. This plant is rich in various saponins including momordicin, momordin, momordicoside, karavilagenin, karaviloside, and kuguacin, all of which have been reported to contribute to its remedial properties including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antiparasitic infections...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503050/fingerroot-boesenbergia-rotunda-and-its-aphrodisiac-activity
#8
REVIEW
Oranun Ongwisespaiboon, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Boesenbergia rotunda (Family: Zingiberaceae) as known as fingerroot is a daily food ingredient and traditional medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and Indo-China. It has been shown to possess anti-allergic, antibacterial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiulcer activities and also shown wound healing. Its common phytochemical components include alkaloids, essential oils, flavonoids, and phenolics. This plant is rich in boesenbergin, krachaizin, panduratin, and pinostrobin, all of which has been reported to contribute to its remedial properties including aphrodisiac property...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502970/is-regular-screening-for-intracranial-aneurysm-necessary-in-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Zien Zhou, Ying Xu, Candice Delcourt, Jiehui Shan, Qiang Li, Jianrong Xu, Maree L Hackett
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of intracranial aneurysm in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is higher than that among the general population. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence and natural history of intracranial aneurysm among patients with ADPKD. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Scopus, from inception to July 2016, were searched for studies reporting the occurrence of intracranial aneurysms among participants with ADPKD...
May 13, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501811/haemodynamic-analysis-for-recanalisation-of-intracranial-aneurysms-after-endovascular-treatment-an-observational-registry-study-in-china
#10
Jian Liu, Yisen Zhang, Anxin Wang, Ying Zhang, Yiying Li, Xinjian Yang
INTRODUCTION: Recanalisation of intracranial aneurysms following endovascular treatment is a major issue. Many factors, including aneurysm morphology, the method of treatment, and haemodynamics, are considered to be associated with recanalisation. However, the underlying haemodynamic mechanisms are not completely understood. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective, observational, registry study for patients with intracranial aneurysms who are treated endovascularly...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497986/literature-review-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-on-the-treatment-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-recent-20-years-in-china
#11
Ping Gong, Yue Li, Chengzeng Yao, Hui Guo, Hui Hwang, Xiaobing Liu, Yan Xu, Xiaolong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the patterns and differences of Chinese herbs in the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) in different time periods and different regions in recent 20 years. DESIGN: The literature of controlled clinical trials that focuses on Chinese herbs treating CHD published in China National Knowledge Internet and Wanfang database from January 1, 1996 to December 31, 2015 were screened to analyze the patterns of herb utilization using SPSS 21.0. RESULTS: A total of 1250 articles were enrolled in total covering 29 regions...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495500/microemulsion-utility-in-pharmaceuticals-implications-for-multi-drug-delivery
#12
REVIEW
Shannon P Callender, Jessica A Mathews, Katherine Kobernyk, Shawn D Wettig
Emulsion technology has been utilized extensively in the pharmaceutical industry. This article presents a comprehensive review of the literature on an important subcategory of emulsions, microemulsions. Microemulsions are optically transparent, thermodynamically stable colloidal systems, 10-100nm diameter, that form spontaneously upon mixing of oil, water and emulsifier. This review is the first to address advantages and disadvantages, as well as considerations and challenges in multi-drug delivery. For the period 1 January 2011-30 April 2016, 431 publications related to microemulsion drug delivery were identified and screened according to microemulsion, drug classification, and surfactant types...
May 7, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495384/medicinal-chemistry-of-antischistosomal-drugs-praziquantel-and-oxamniquine
#13
REVIEW
Vinícius Barros Ribeiro da Silva, Bruna Rafaella Koresch Leiva Campos, Jamerson Ferreira de Oliveira, Jean-Luc Decout, Maria do Carmo Alves de Lima
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a group of diseases that, besides prevailing in poverty conditions, contribute to the maintenance of social inequality, being a strong barrier to a country development. Schistosomiasis, a NTD, is a tropical and subtropical disease caused by the trematode Schistosoma mansoni (Africa, Middle East, Caribbean, Brazil, Venezuela, Suriname), japonicum (China, Indonesia, the Philippines), mekongi (several districts of Cambodia and the Lao People's Democratic Republic), intercalatum and guianensis (areas of tropical rainforests in Central Africa) and hematobium (Middle East Africa, Corsica, France) whose adult forms inhabit the mesenteric vessels of the host, while the intermediate forms are found in the aquatic gastropod snails of the genus Biomphalaria...
April 27, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494566/-the-prevalence-of-blindness-caused-by-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma-in-middle-aged-chinese-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
M L Liu, Y X Wang
Objective: To evaluate the rate of blindness caused by primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) in Chinese population of more than 40 years old, and to explore the effectiveness of a prevention and treatment system on PACG. Methods: We searched the databases of Pubmed, ScienceDirect, Springer Link, CNKI and Wanfang Data and collected all the original studies of the prevalence and blindness of angle closure glaucoma in China. The population was limited to over 40 years old. The research site was limited to the community-based, while the published time was not limited...
May 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494556/-clinical-value-of-health-related-quality-of-life-evaluation-in-community-patients-with-hepatitis-b
#15
P Chen, J W Zhu, T Chen, D F Wang, L P Yang, B Ruan, C B Yu, L J Li
Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is a major infectious disease which threatens people's health around the world. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has become an important index for evaluating the treatment and prognosis of patients with CHB. Many studies abroad have shown that the HRQoL of patients with CHB is influenced by various factors. Disease severity, clinical symptoms, and low self-efficacy are important influencing factors for patients' quality of life. Anti-viral therapy, proper physical therapy, or psychological intervention can significantly improve the HRQoL of community CHB patients, and HRQoL is even significantly improved in patients undergoing liver transplantation one year ago...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493299/china-s-transboundary-groundwater-cooperation-in-the-context-of-emerging-transboundary-aquifer-law
#16
Yanmei He
China shares more than 20 transboundary aquifers with its coaquifer states, but they have not exploited their transboundary groundwater resources, and these resources have not been governed by any international agreements. Given the close interaction between surface water and groundwater, and the growing demands for transboundary groundwater in China and its coaquifer states, there is increasing necessity for these countries to undertake international cooperation on this issue. This article overviews China's transboundary aquifers, reviews the duty to cooperate on China's transboundary groundwater as well as the emerging transboundary aquifer law...
May 10, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489776/is-c-reactive-protein-a-marker-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-meta-analysis
#17
Kun Li, Peng Wei, Yanwen Qin, Yongxiang Wei
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disease, distinguished by recurrent episodes of upper airway obstruction during sleep, with an inflammatory component. C-reactive protein (CRP) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) are markers of systemic inflammation and may serve as biomarkers of OSA. METHODS: Scientific studies published from January 1, 2006, to January 1, 2016 were obtained via searches of PubMed, Embase, SCI, and China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI) using relevant terms...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489638/current-status-of-cardiovascular-anesthesia-in-china
#18
Jiakai Lu, Weipeng Wang, Weiping Cheng, Lei Chen, Jeffrey Huang, Chris A Ethridge, Jiapeng Huang
High quality and safe cardiac anesthesia is a prerequisite for success in cardiac care. Cardiac surgery has developed rapidly over recent years in China. Because of language barriers, the current status of cardiac anesthesia in China is not well known to Western countries. To assess practice patterns, volume, workforce, and training requirements of Chinese cardiovascular anesthesiologists, we surveyed 92 major cardiovascular centers in China regarding their anesthesia practice, monitoring techniques, resources, staffing, and work hours...
May 4, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489597/the-prevalence-of-depression-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-china-a-systematic-review
#19
Xin Fu, Zhi-Jun Li, Chun-Jun Yang, Liangshu Feng, Lemeng Sun, Yang Yao, Yu-Ting Huang
This systematic review is to explore the prevalence of depression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in China. Articles of prevalence rates for depression in adult RA patients published before October 2015 were identified from PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, VIP, and Wanfang database and other internet databases. Relevant journals and the recommendations of expert panels were also searched manually. Two independent reviewers searched and assessed the literature. Therelevant data were applied with Meta-Analyst 3...
April 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488164/up-to-twelve-year-follow-up-of-the-oxford-phase-three-unicompartmental-knee-replacement-in-china-seven-hundred-and-eight-knees-from-an-independent-centre
#20
Huaming Xue, Yihui Tu, Tong Ma, Tao Wen, Tao Yang, Minwei Cai
PURPOSE: There have been few large sample studies reporting the midterm outcome of Oxford phase 3 unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) in Asian patients. METHODS: The study included 708 consecutive medial Oxford UKAs between February 2005 and May 2014 in Chinese patients. All cases were performed for the recommended indications with a minimally-invasive surgical technique. The functional and radiological outcomes were subsequently examined. In particular, we divided patients into the spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK) group and the osteoarthritis (OA) group...
May 10, 2017: International Orthopaedics
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