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China Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636163/the-pu-prom-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-for-peptic-ulcer-disease
#1
Na Liu, Jing Lv, Jinchun Liu, Yanbo Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) conceived to enable description of treatment-related effects, from the patient perspective, bring the potential to improve in clinical research, and to provide patients with accurate information. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a patient-centred peptic ulcer patient-reported outcome measure (PU-PROM) and evaluate its reliability, validity, differential item functioning (DIF) and feasibility. METHOD: To develop a conceptual framework and item pool for the PU-PROM, we performed a literature review and consulted other measures created in China and other countries...
June 21, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635347/ketamine-and-international-regulations
#2
Yanhui Liao, Yi-Lang Tang, Wei Hao
BACKGROUND: Ketamine is an anesthetic commonly used in low-income countries and has recently been shown to be effective for treatment-resistant depression. However, the illicit manufacturing, trafficking, and nonmedical use of ketamine are increasing globally, and its illicit use poses major public health challenges in many countries. OBJECTIVES: To review the nonmedical use of ketamine in selected countries and its regulatory control. METHODS: We conducted a review of literature identified from searches of the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) (1979-2016) and PubMed databases, supplemented by additional references identified by the authors...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634468/fragile-x-syndrome-prevalence-treatment-and-prevention-in-china
#3
REVIEW
Manman Niu, Ying Han, Angel Belle C Dy, Junbao Du, Hongfang Jin, Jiong Qin, Jing Zhang, Qinrui Li, Randi J Hagerman
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability and the leading monogenic cause of autism spectrum disorder. Although FXS has been studied for several decades, there is relatively little basic science or clinical research being performed on FXS in China. Indeed, there is a large gap between China and Western countries in the FXS field. China has a potentially large number of FXS patients. However, many of them are underdiagnosed or even misdiagnosed, and treatments are not always administered in the Chinese population...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633888/burden-of-acute-gastroenteritis-caused-by-norovirus-in-china-a-systematic-review
#4
Hong-Lu Zhou, Shan-Shan Zhen, Jin-Xia Wang, Can-Jing Zhang, Chao Qiu, Song-Mei Wang, Xi Jiang, Xuan-Yi Wang
BACKGROUND: To understand the epidemiology and disease burden of norovirus (NoVs) gastroenteritis in China, a systematic review was conducted. METHODS: Studies on acute gastroenteritis (AGE) caused by NoVs from mainland China, published before 2017 were searched. All retrieved articles were screened and reviewed by a standardized algorithm. NoVs detection rates as well as strain variations by ages, seasonal variations and geographic locations were analyzed using random-effects model...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630560/mechanisms-of-accountability-for-the-realization-of-the-right-to-health-in-china
#5
Shengnan Qiu, Gillian Macnaughton
China ratified the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in 2001. It thus bears obligations under Article 12 of the covenant to take appropriate measures at the domestic level to realize the right to health in China. Accountability is an important component of the right to health. This article examines whether the Western concept of accountability, recently imported into China, has the potential to improve the protection of the right to health within China's existing political, legal, and cultural framework...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630084/maternal-lifestyle-and-nutritional-status-in-relation-to-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes-in-western-china-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Li Tang, Xiong-Fei Pan, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns, Chun-Xia Yang, Xin Sun
INTRODUCTION: Improving the health and nutrition of women and children is a priority for Western China, where the economy is less developed. Due to the dynamic nature of lifestyle, modern food habits and nutrition, there is a need to update our limited knowledge and understanding of maternal lifestyle and nutritional status and their impact on pregnancy and infant health outcomes. While breast milk is the preferred feeding option, infant formula use is widespread in China. It is thus necessary to examine the effects of formula consumption on growth and morbidity...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628749/acupuncture-related-techniques-for-psoriasis-a-systematic-review-with-pairwise-and-network-meta-analyses-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Mei-Ling Yeh, Shu-Hua Ko, Mei-Hua Wang, Ching-Chi Chi, Yu-Chu Chung
OBJECTIVE: There has be a large body of evidence on the pharmacological treatments for psoriasis, but whether nonpharmacological interventions are effective in managing psoriasis remains largely unclear. This systematic review conducted pairwise and network meta-analyses to determine the effects of acupuncture-related techniques on acupoint stimulation for the treatment of psoriasis and to determine the order of effectiveness of these remedies. METHODS: This study searched the following databases from inception to March 15, 2016: Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EBSCO (including Academic Search Premier, American Doctoral Dissertations, and CINAHL), Airiti Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628445/mycobacterium-gordonae-in-patient-with-facial-ulcers-nosebleeds-and-positive-t-spot-tb-test-china
#8
Yanqing Chen, Juan Jiang, Haiqin Jiang, Jun Chen, Xiaopo Wang, Weida Liu, Zhiming Chen, Ying Shi, Wenyue Zhang, Hongsheng Wang
Mycobacterium gordonae is often regarded as a weak pathogen that only occasionally causes overt disease. We report a case of M. gordonae infection in the facial skin, nasal mucosa, and paranasal sinus in an immunocompetent patient and review previous cases. The T-SPOT.TB test might be useful in diagnosing such cases.
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627328/book-review-raza-g-ren-f-khan-hj-and-he-w-eds-constructing-culture-of-science-communication-of-science-in-india-and-china-raza-g-ren-f-khan-hj-he-w-eds-constructing-culture-of-science-communication-of-science-in-india-and-china-new-delhi-india-csir-niscair
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626211/once-malaria-is-eliminated-more-attention-should-be-paid-to-imported-malaria-data-from-five-years-of-surveillance-in-the-city-of-yiwu-in-eastern-china
#10
Xuanjun Dong, Jie Yang, Lianqin Lou, Liebo Zhu, Xiayan Feng, Linong Yao
This study reviewed and analyzed data on malaria cases in Yiwu from 2012 to 2016 via a webbased system for managing and reporting information on infectious diseases. A total of 161 cases were diagnosed (77.02% due to Plasmodium falciparum, 18.01% due to P. vivax, 4.35% due to P. ovale, and 0.62% due to P. malariae). One case was imported from Yunnan Province in China and the others were imported from overseas. The ratio of male to female patients was 7.47:1. The average age was 36.34 years (SD: 9.63). Most cases (87...
June 18, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625672/evolution-of-the-scientific-literature-on-drug-delivery-a-1974-2015-bibliometric-study
#11
REVIEW
C Robert, C S Wilson, A Venuta, M Ferrari, C-D Arreto
This study charts the growth of the drug delivery literature published during 1974-2015 from journals indexed in the Science Citation Index Expanded database. The growth of publications on drug delivery paralleled the total scientific publications for three decades (1974-2003); however, from 2004 to 2015 it exploded fourfold, while the total increased only 1.75 fold. Industrialized countries (USA, UK, Germany, Japan, Italy, France and Canada) were the most prolific during the first decades, but in 2014-2015 China, India and South Korea ranked 1st, 3rd and 4th respectively among the productive countries...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622898/trends-in-attendance-at-scoliosis-research-society-annual-meetings-srs-am-and-international-meeting-on-advanced-spine-techniques-imast-location-location-location
#12
Foster Chen, Woojin Cho, Han Jo Kim, David B Levine
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive, respective. OBJECTIVE: Although overall membership in Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) has grown over the years, we were curious to see the effects of changing event venue location and timing on conference attendance. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Every year, the SRS hosts two major meetings: the Annual Meeting (SRS AM) in the autumn, and the International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) in the summer...
July 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621760/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-ambient-nitrogen-dioxide-and-respiratory-disease-in-china
#13
REVIEW
Jiyao Sun, Andrew J Barnes, Dongyang He, Meng Wang, Jian Wang
Objective: This study aimed to assess the quantitative effects of short-term exposure of ambient nitrogen dioxide (NO₂) on respiratory disease (RD) mortality and RD hospital admission in China through systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: A total of 29 publications were finally selected from searches in PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang databases. Generic inverse variance method was used to pool effect estimates. Pooled estimates were used to represent the increased risk of RD mortality and RD hospital admission per 10 μg/m³ increase in NO₂ concentration...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621575/analysis-of-radio-sensitization-patents-in-china-from-2006-to-2015
#14
Guofeng He, Xiaoke Di, Xinchen Sun, Jingjing Yan, Shu Zhang
Radiotherapy is by means of ionizing radiation to kill tumor cells, inhibit and control the growth, metastasis and diffusion of tumor cells. During the last few decades, application of radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy and surgery are clinical mainstream treatments. However, little is known what radio-sensitization agents have been patented in China and what the potential drug candidates for patents are in China. Areas covered: This reviews covers research and patent literature of the last 10 years dealing with the discovery and development of novel radio-sensitization patents in China
...
June 16, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620860/currently-used-organophosphate-and-brominated-flame-retardants-in-the-environment-of-china-and-other-developing-countries-2000-2016
#15
Nadeem Ali, Khurram Shahzad, Muhammad Imtiaz Rashid, Heqing Shen, Iqbal Mohammad Ibrahim Ismail, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani
This review summarizes the environmental occurrence of new brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) and organophosphate compounds (OPs) in the environment of developing countries since 2000. The ban on the production and use of commercial formulations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have paved the way for the high use of NBFRs and OPs in consumer products to fulfill the fire safety regulations. Recent studies have shown that the ever increasing production volumes and extensive use of these chemicals as additive FRs and plasticizers have resulted into their ubiquitous occurrence in all environmental compartments...
June 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619774/protocol-for-a-multicentre-multistage-prospective-study-in-china-using-system-based-approaches-for-consistent-improvement-in-surgical-safety
#16
Xiaochu Yu, Jingmei Jiang, Changwei Liu, Keng Shen, Zixing Wang, Wei Han, Xingrong Liu, Guole Lin, Ye Zhang, Ying Zhang, Yufen Ma, Haixin Bo, Yupei Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Surgical safety has emerged as a crucial global health issue in the past two decades. Although several safety-enhancing tools are available, the pace of large-scale improvement remains slow, especially in developing countries such as China. The present project (Modern Surgery and Anesthesia Safety Management System Construction and Promotion) aims to develop and validate system-based integrated approaches for reducing perioperative deaths and complications using a multicentre, multistage design...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619773/herbal-medicine-hyeolbuchukeo-tang-or-xuefu-zhuyu-decoction-for-treating-primary-dysmenorrhoea-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
Junyoung Jo, Jungtae Leem, Jin Moo Lee, Kyoung Sun Park
INTRODUCTION: Primary dysmenorrhoea is menstrual pain without pelvic pathology and is the most common gynaecological condition in women. Xuefu Zhuyudecoction (XZD) or Hyeolbuchukeo-tang, a traditional herbal formula, has been used as a treatment for primary dysmenorrhoea. The purpose of this study is to assess the current published evidence regarding XZD as treatment for primary dysmenorrhoea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following databases will be searched from their inception until April 2017: MEDLINE (via PubMed), Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, six Korean medical databases (Korean Studies Information Service System, DBPia, Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System, Research Information Service System, Korea Med and the Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal), three Chinese medical databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan Fang Database and Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP)) and one Japanese medical database (CiNii)...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618403/associations-between-two-common-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-rs2241766-and-rs1501299-of-adipoq-gene-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Na Zhao, Ningxia Li, Shengjun Zhang, Qiang Ma, Cong Ma, Xiaolan Yang, Jie Yin, Rui Zhang, Jing Li, Xiaogang Yang, Tao Cui
ADIPOQ gene polymorphisms were indicated to be associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) in diabetic patients, however, published studies reported inconsistent results. We performed this meta-analysis to reach a more accurate estimation of the relationship between two common ADIPOQ genetic polymorphisms (rs2241766 and rs1501299) and CAD risk in diabetic patients. Eligible studies were retrieved by searching PubMed, Embase, Wangfang, VIP database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases. Included and excluded criteria were formulated...
May 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616905/-clinicopathological-features-diagnoses-and-treatments-of-6-458-lung-cancer-patients
#19
Lei Li, Dan Liu, Li Zhang, Ping Zhou, Juan Song, Yue Cheng, He Yu, Shuang Zhao, Wei-Min Li
OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death on a global scale. This study aimed to review the clinicopathological featuresof primary lung cancer and the practice in diagnoses and treatments. METHODS: Medical record of patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from 2008 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical characteristics of the patients, including pathological type, age, gender, and TNM stage were analyzed...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616904/-the-diagnostic-value-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-needle-aspiration-biopsy-for-lung-or-mediastinal-lymph-node-cancer-and-tuberculosis
#20
Ye Wang, Hui Zhu, Sai Yang, Ke Wang, Pan-Wen Tian, Jing-Yu Shi, Qing-Bing Han, Yong-Xiao Luo, Feng-Min Luo, Wei-Min Li
OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in diagnosing lung or mediastinal lymph node cancer and tuberculosis. METHODS: Clinical and pathological data of 553 patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA from January 2013 to September 2016 in West China Hospital of Sichuan University were reviewed. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of EBUS-TBNA for diagnosing lymph node tumor and tuberculosis of hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes were calculated...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
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