Read by QxMD icon Read

preterm and term birth

Maria Lorella Giannì, Dario Consonni, Nadia Liotto, Paola Roggero, Laura Morlacchi, Pasqua Piemontese, Camilla Menis, Fabio Mosca
(1) Background: Late preterm infants account for the majority of preterm births and are at risk of altered body composition. Because body composition modulates later health outcomes and human milk is recommended as the normal method for infant feeding, we sought to investigate whether human milk feeding in early life can modulate body composition development in late preterm infants; (2) Methods: Neonatal, anthropometric and feeding data of 284 late preterm infants were collected. Body composition was evaluated at term-corrected age by air displacement plethysmography...
October 23, 2016: Nutrients
Jennifer L Richards, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Jessica M Sales, William Dana Flanders, Michael R Kramer
BACKGROUND: Preterm children face higher risk of cognitive and academic deficits compared with their full-term peers. The objective of this study was to describe early childhood cognitive ability and kindergarten academic achievement across gestational age at birth in a population-based longitudinal cohort. METHODS: The study population included singletons born at 24-42 weeks gestation enrolled in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n = 6150 for 2-year outcome, n = 4450 for kindergarten outcome)...
October 25, 2016: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Cristina Paules, Victoria Pueyo, Elena Martí, Susana Vilchez, Irina Burd, Pilar Calvo, Daniel Oros
BACKGROUND: Threatened preterm labor is a leading cause of hospital admission during pregnancy. Patients presenting with an episode of threatened preterm labor who deliver at term are considered to have false preterm labor. However, threatened preterm labor has been proposed as a pathological insult that is not always sufficient to induce irreversible spontaneous preterm birth but that could alter the normal course of pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate threatened preterm labor during pregnancy as a risk factor of neurodevelopmental deficits of children at 2 years of age...
October 22, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Emmanuel Amabebe, Steven Reynolds, Victoria Stern, Graham Stafford, Martyn Paley, Dilly O C Anumba
Changes in vaginal microbiota that is associated with preterm birth (PTB) leave specific metabolite fingerprints that can be detected in the cervicovaginal fluid (CVF) using metabolomics techniques. In this study, we characterize and validate the CVF metabolite profile of pregnant women presenting with symptoms of threatened preterm labor (PTL) by both (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and enzyme-based spectrophotometry. We also determine their predictive capacity for PTB, singly, and in combination, with current clinical screening tools - cervicovaginal fetal fibronectin (FFN) and ultrasound cervical length (CL)...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
T Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short- and long-term benefits and risks associated with antenatal administration of a single course of corticosteroids and the related strategies: multiple and rescue courses. METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: Antenatal administration of a single course of corticosteroids before 34 weeks of gestation is associated in the neonatal period with a significant reduction of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and death (LE1), and in possibly childhood with a reduction of cerebral palsy and increased psychomotor development index and intact survival (LE3)...
October 21, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Susanna Holmlund, Tommi Kauko, Jaakko Matomäki, Miia Tuominen, Juha Mäkinen, Päivi Rautava
BACKGROUND: To date, several studies concerning the effects of induced abortion (IA) on women's later psychosocial well-being and future delivery complications have been published. However, the lack of reports on woman's physical well-being during their first full-term pregnancy occurring after IA is what inspired the current study. Here, we evaluate the physical well-being and use of maternity services of first-time mothers with a history of IA. METHODS: Finnish National Birth Registry data from 2008 to 2010 were linked with the Induced Abortion Registry data from 1983 to 2007...
October 24, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fiona Reid, Pippa Oakeshott, Sarah R Kerry, Phillip E Hay, Jorgen S Jensen
OBJECTIVES: Serological case-control studies suggest that certain chlamydia-related bacteria (Chlamydiales) which cause cows to abort may do the same in humans. Chlamydiales include Waddlia chondrophila, Chlamydia abortus and Chlamydia trachomatis. Data on prevalence of Chlamydiales in pregnancy are sparse. Using stored urine samples from a carefully characterised cohort of 847 newly pregnant women recruited from 37 general practices in London UK, we aimed to investigate the prevalence and types of Chlamydiales infections...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
S J Lain, C L Roberts, D M Bond, J Smith, J M Morris
OBJECTIVE: This study is an economic evaluation of immediate birth compared with expectant management in women with preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes near term (PPROMT). DESIGN: A cost-effectiveness analysis alongside the PPROMT randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Obstetric departments in 65 hospitals across 11 countries. POPULATION: Women with a singleton pregnancy with ruptured membranes between 34(+0) and 36(+6) weeks gestation...
October 21, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Alison D Gernand, Rina Rani Paul, Barkat Ullah, Muhammad A Taher, Frank R Witter, Lee Wu, Alain B Labrique, Keith P West, Parul Christian
BACKGROUND: The best method of gestational age assessment is by ultrasound in the first trimester; however, this method is impractical in large field trials in rural areas. Our objective was to assess the validity of gestational age estimated from prospectively collected date of last menstrual period (LMP) using crown-rump length (CRL) measured in early pregnancy by ultrasound. METHODS: As part of a large, cluster-randomized, controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, we collected dates of LMP by recall and as marked on a calendar every 5 weeks in women likely to become pregnant...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Susanne Hesselman, Maria Jonsson, Eva-Britta Råssjö, Monika Windling, Ulf Högberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the maternal complications associated with cesarean section (CS) in the extremely preterm period according to the gestational week (GW) and to indication of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective case-referent study with a review of medical records of women who delivered at 22-27 weeks of gestation (n=647) at two level III units in Sweden. For abdominal delivery, gestational length was stratified into 22-24 (n=105) and 25-27 (n=301) weeks...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Mariza Theme-Filha, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elizabeth Moreira, Silvana Granado Gama
BACKGROUND: The rate of preterm birth has been increasing worldwide, including in Brazil. This constitutes a significant public health challenge because of the higher levels of morbidity and mortality and long-term health effects associated with preterm birth. This study describes and quantifies factors affecting spontaneous and provider-initiated preterm birth in Brazil. METHODS: Data are from the 2011-2012 "Birth in Brazil" study, which used a national population-based sample of 23,940 women...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elisabeth Moreira
BACKGROUND: Cesarean section (CS) rates are increasing worldwide but there is some concern with this trend because of potential maternal and perinatal risks. The Robson classification is the standard method to monitor and compare CS rates. Our objective was to analyze CS rates in Brazil according to source of payment for childbirth (public or private) using the Robson classification. METHODS: Data are from the 2011-2012 "Birth in Brazil" study, which used a national hospital-based sample of 23,940 women...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
L Murli, A Thukral, M J Sankar, S Vishnubhatla, A K Deorari, V K Paul, A Sakariah, Dolma, R Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: To determine the agreement between transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measured from shielded skin and serum total bilirubin (STB) in infants (34 to 41 weeks of gestation) with hyperbilirubinemia receiving phototherapy (PT). STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective cohort study, we shielded a small area of skin on sternum using a commercial photo-opaque patch (BilEclipseTM, Philips Respironics, Murrysville, PA, USA). The TcB from the shielded skin (TcBs) and STB were measured at four time points-before initiation, 12 and 24 h during and once after (12 h) cessation of PT...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Roseanne J S Vliegenthart, Christine H Ten Hove, Wes Onland, Anton H L C van Kaam
BACKGROUND: Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is a common complication of preterm birth, for which caffeine is the first treatment of choice. In case of persistent AOP, doxapram has been advocated as an additional therapy. OBJECTIVE: To identify and appraise all existing evidence regarding efficacy and safety of doxapram use for AOP in infants born before 34 weeks of gestational age. METHODS: All studies reporting on doxapram use for AOP were identified by searching electronic databases, references from relevant studies, and abstracts from the Societies for Pediatric Research...
October 20, 2016: Neonatology
E G Deryabina, G V Yakornova, L A Pestryaeva, N D Sandyreva
Preterm birth is defined as all births before 37 completed weeks of gestation. Preterm birth can be further sub-divided based on gestational age: extremely preterm (<28 weeks), very preterm (28 to <32 weeks) and moderate preterm (32 to <37 weeks). Retrospective observational case-control study review (1 year i.e., 2015) is to assess pregnancy outcome among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) delivering very preterm (28 + 0/7 to 31 + 6/7 weeks of gestation). The study group included all women diagnosed with GDM and were compared to a control group of women delivering at the same gestational age period but without GDM...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Judith Kikhney, Dinah von Schöning, Ina Steding, Julia Schulze, Annett Petrich, Andreas Hiergeist, Udo Reischl, Annette Moter, Anke Thomas
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to detect microorganisms in foetal membranes and placental tissue in preterm chorioamnionitis by combining FISH with broad range PCR. The combination of the two molecular techniques enables identification and localization of the microorganisms within the tissue, confirming their clinical relevance. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, we compared 31 patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes or preterm labour and preterm delivery by caesarean section with a control group of 26 participants with elective caesarean section at term...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Matthew S Payne, Demelza J Ireland, Rory Watts, Elizabeth A Nathan, Lucy L Furfaro, Matthew W Kemp, Jeffrey A Keelan, John P Newnham
BACKGROUND: Detection of Ureaplasma, Mycoplasma and Candida spp. in the vagina during pregnancy has previously been associated with preterm birth (PTB). However, the prevalence of these microorganisms and the associated obstetric risks (likely to be population-specific) have not been determined in Australian women; furthermore, in the case of Ureaplasma spp., very few studies have attempted characterisation at the species level and none have examined genotype/serovar status to further refine risk assessment...
October 18, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Emily Cohen, Laura Dix, Willem Baerts, Thomas Alderliesten, Petra Lemmers, Frank van Bel
BACKGROUND: A haemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) reduces cerebral oxygenation in appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) preterm neonates. Reduced cerebral oxygenation has been associated with brain injury. Preterm small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonates show higher cerebral oxygenation than AGA peers throughout the first postnatal days. To date, no studies have investigated the effect of hsPDA on cerebral oxygenation in preterm SGA neonates. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the effect of hsPDA on cerebral oxygenation in preterm SGA neonates compared to AGA peers...
October 19, 2016: Neonatology
Eugenio Baraldi, Giuseppe Giordano, Matteo Stocchero, Laura Moschino, Patrizia Zaramella, Maria Rosa Tran, Silvia Carraro, Roberto Romero, Maria Teresa Gervasi
OBJECTIVE: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a serious complication associated with preterm birth. A growing body of evidence suggests a role for prenatal factors in its pathogenesis. Metabolomics allows simultaneous characterization of low molecular weight compounds and may provide a picture of such a complex condition. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether an unbiased metabolomic analysis of amniotic fluid (AF) can be used to investigate the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery (PTD) and BPD development in the offspring...
2016: PloS One
Muhammad Oneeb Rehman Mian, Julie Demeulemeester, Jean-Luc Bigras, Mariane Bertagnolli, Li Feng Xie, Katryn Paquette, Rong Wu, Anik Cloutier, Thuy Mai Luu, Anne-Monique Nuyt
OBJECTIVE: Studies support a direct causal association between preterm birth and increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Increased left and right ventricular mass, and impaired systolic and diastolic function were observed in young adults born preterm. Deleterious neonatal conditions, as in preterm birth, could significantly impact on myocardial tissue. We investigated how left ventricle (LV) echocardiographic parameters in young adults born preterm correlated with neonatal health parameters and interventions data...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"