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Fecal and urine incontinency

Saya Segal, Gabriella John, Mary Sammel, Uduak Umoh Andy, Christina Chu, Lily A Arya, Justin Brown, Kathryn Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate radiation therapy as a risk factor for urinary or fecal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and sexual dysfunction in endometrial cancer survivors. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of endometrial cancer survivors. Data were collected using a mailed survey and the medical record. Validated questionnaires were used to generate rates of urinary incontinence and other pelvic floor disorders. The incidence rates of pelvic floor disorders were compared across groups with different exposures to radiation...
March 18, 2017: Maturitas
Joana Dos Santos, Roberto I Lopes, Martin A Koyle
Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families. BBD is commonly associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), which at its extreme may lead to renal scarring and kidney failure. Additionally, BBD is frequently seen in children diagnosed with behavioural and neuropsychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Vesna D Zivkovic, Ivona Stankovic, Lidija Dimitrijevic, Mirjana Kocic, Hristina Colovic, Marina Vlajkovic, Andjelka Slavkovic, Milica Lazovic
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of interferential current (IC) stimulation and diaphragmatic breathing exercises (DBEs) in children with bladder and bowel dysfunction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine children with dysfunctional voiding and chronic constipation who were failures of primary care interventions were included in the prospective clinical study. All the children were checked for their medical history regarding lower urinary tract symptoms and bowel habits...
December 28, 2016: Urology
Noeska Smit, Kai Lawonn, Annelot Kraima, Marco DeRuiter, Hessam Sokooti, Stefan Bruckner, Elmar Eisemann, Anna Vilanova
Due to the intricate relationship between the pelvic organs and vital structures, such as vessels and nerves, pelvic anatomy is often considered to be complex to comprehend. In oncological pelvic surgery, a trade-off has to be made between complete tumor resection and preserving function by preventing damage to the nerves. Damage to the autonomic nerves causes undesirable post-operative side-effects such as fecal and urinal incontinence, as well as sexual dysfunction in up to 80 percent of the cases. Since these autonomic nerves are not visible in pre-operative MRI scans or during surgery, avoiding nerve damage during such a surgical procedure becomes challenging...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Mary Nguyen-Nielsen, Søren Høyer, Søren Friis, Steinbjørn Hansen, Klaus Brasso, Erik Breth Jakobsen, Mette Moe, Heidi Larsson, Mette Søgaard, Anne Nakano, Michael Borre
AIM OF DATABASE: The Danish Prostate Cancer Database (DAPROCAdata) is a nationwide clinical cancer database that has prospectively collected data on patients with incident prostate cancer in Denmark since February 2010. The overall aim of the DAPROCAdata is to improve the quality of prostate cancer care in Denmark by systematically collecting key clinical variables for the purposes of health care monitoring, quality improvement, and research. STUDY POPULATION: All Danish patients with histologically verified prostate cancer are included in the DAPROCAdata...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
J Marleen Linde, Rien J M Nijman, Monika Trzpis, Paul M A Broens
AIMS: To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with urinary incontinence (UI) among adults in the Netherlands. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 1257 respondents aged ≥ 18 years, who completed the validated Groningen Defecation and Fecal Continence Checklist. UI was defined as any involuntary leakage of urine during the past 6 months. RESULTS: The prevalence of UI in the total group was 36.8%. Women experienced UI significantly more often than men (49...
October 4, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Ccg Chen, D Barry, S K Khatry, E M Klasen, M Singh, S C LeClerq, J Katz, J M Tielsch, L C Mullany
OBJECTIVE: To validate a symptom-based fistula screening questionnaire and estimate obstetric fistula (OF) prevalence in rural Nepal. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and nested case-control study. SETTING: Sarlahi District, Nepal. POPULATION: Parous, reproductive age women. METHODS: The questionnaire assessed symptoms of vesicovaginal and rectovaginal fistula (VVF and RVF, respectively), stress and urge urinary incontinence (SUI and UUI, respectively), fecal incontinence (FI), and included interviewer observations on the smell and presence of urine and/or stool...
May 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Andrea Bischoff, J Bealer, A Peña
INTRODUCTION: Objectively evaluating the lack of bowel control (fecal incontinence) continues to be a challenge. Many have attempted to measure the severity of fecal incontinence and to evaluate its impact on the quality of life by developing standardized scoring systems. Some of these systems have been validated but none have achieved widespread use and all have limitations in evaluating pediatric patients. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed looking for validated scoring systems of fecal incontinence that are currently used for either adult or pediatric patients...
August 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Amal Alkhotani, Nouf Alrishi, M Salem Alhalabi, Tahira Hamid
Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC) is a diffuse or multifocal malignant infiltration of the pia matter and arachnoid membrane. The most commonly reported cancers associated with LMC are breast, lung, and hematological malignancies. Patients with LMC commonly present with multifocal neurological symptoms. We report a case of LMC secondary to gastroesopha-geal junction cancer present initially with cauda equina syndrome. A 51-year-old male patient with treated adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction presented with left leg pain, mild weakness, and saddle area numbness...
January 2016: Case Reports in Neurology
Yi-Te Lin, Shao-Yuan Chen, Chung-Ping Lo, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Chung-Fen Tsai, Ping-Keung Yip, Vinchi Wang, Yu-Ming Fan
PURPOSE: Detection of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and/or brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to investigate functional defect of brain caused by carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. In this report, we attempted to demonstrate the correlation of changes in brain singlephoton emission computed tomography (SPECT) and diffusion-tensor MR image (DTI) with functional improvement of severe delayed neuropsychiatric sequelae (DNS) after CO intoxication during the treatment of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT)...
June 2015: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
Jean-François Lecompte, Geraldine Hery, Jean-Michel Guys, Claude Louis-Borrione
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of posterior tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) for the treatment of fecal and urinary incontinence in children with malformations of the bowel or neurological pathologies. INTRODUCTION: Treatment of fecal and urinary leaks, in cases of congenital malformations remains a challenge. Recent studies in adults have shown the effectiveness of PTNS. METHOD: Eight children: 4 with anorectal malformations, 3 with neurological causes (1 medullary lipoma, 1 Arnold Chiari malformation, 1 sacrococcygeal teratoma) and 1 with Hirschsprung's disease presenting with serious anal incontinence, despite extensive bowel management during at least 2 years, were treated with PTNS...
April 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Zhi-Gang Wang, Yong Zhang, Xian-Dong Zeng, Tie-Hui Zhang, Qi-Dong Zhu, De-Long Liu, Yun-Yu Qiao, Nan Mu, Zhi-Tao Yin
AIM: To compare the effects and postoperative complications between tissue selecting therapy stapler (TST) and Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy (M-M). METHODS: Four hundred and eighty patients with severe prolapsing hemorrhoids, who were admitted to the Shenyang Coloproctology Hospital between 2009 and 2012, were randomly divided into observation (n=240) and control (n=240) groups. Hemorrhoidectomies were performed with TST in the observation group and with the M-M technique in the control group...
February 28, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Peter Petros
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The discovery of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) began in 1986 with two unrelated observations: pressure applied unilaterally at the midurethra controlled urine loss on coughing; implanted Teflon tape caused a collagenous tissue reaction. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 1987, Mersilene tape was implanted retropubically in 13 large dogs, with the aim of creating an artificial collagenous pubourethral neoligament. Extensive testing showed that the operation was safe and effective...
April 2015: International Urogynecology Journal
Nira Cohen-Zubary, Rachel Gingold-Belfer, Inna Lambort, Nir Wasserberg, Haim Krissi, Sigal Levy, Yaron Niv, Ram Dickman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness and cost of home electrical stimulation and standardized biofeedback training in females with fecal incontinence METHODS: Thirty-six females suffering from fecal incontinence were randomized into two groups, matched for mean age (67.45 ± 7.2 years), mean body mass index (kg/m2) (26.2 ± 3.9), mean disease duration (4.1 ± 0.8 years), mean number of births (2.7 ± 1.3), and reports of obstetric trauma (25%)...
April 2015: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Roberta Vasconcellos Menezes de Azevedo, Eduardo Araújo Oliveira, Monica Maria de Almeida Vasconcelos, Breno Augusto Campos de Castro, Fabiana Resende Pereira, Nathalia Filgueiras Vilaça Duarte, Patricia Moraes Resende de Jesus, Giovana Teixeira Branco Vaz, Eleonora Moreira Lima
INTRODUCTION: The lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) corresponds to changes in the filling or emptying of urine caused by neurogenic, anatomical and functional alterations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of treatment in children and adolescents with LUTD. METHODS: Historical cohort of 15 year follow-up with the participation of 192 patients (123F, 69M), aged 0.1 to 16.8 years, analyzed at admission (T0) and at final follow-up (T1). Most patients belong to a neurologic bladder dysfunction group (60...
October 2014: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Patricia Conley, David McKinsey, Olwyn Ross, Anthony Ramsey, Jennifer Feeback
BACKGROUND: Incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) is a potentially serious skin injury that can lead to pressure ulcers (PUs). Multiple studies have indicated the need for evidence to find the most effective skin care protocol to reduce the incidence and severity of IAD in critically ill patients. OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence and severity of IAD in two groups on a progressive care unit (PCU) using a defined skin care protocol: cleaning with a gentle cleanser and moisturizer, then applying a skin protectant/barrier...
December 2014: Nursing
Guo Fu, Dong Wang, Bengang Qin, Jianping Xiang, Jian Qi, Ping Li, Qingtang Zhu, Xiaolin Liu, Jiakai Zhu, Li-Qiang Gu
BACKGROUND: This study describes a modified classification and management protocol for perineal soft tissue injuries associated with pelvic fractures. METHODS: A total of 11 patients with perineal soft tissue injuries associated with open pelvic fractures were studied retrospectively. The patients were classified into three types based on the area of defect: type A (urogenital zone), type B (anal zone), and type C (both urogenital and anal zones). Each type included the following subclasses: A1 (without urethra injuries), A2 (with urethra injuries), B1 (without anorectal injuries), B2 (with anorectal injuries), C1 (with types A1 and B1), C2 (with types A2 and B1), C3 (with types A1 and B2), and C4 (with types A2 and B2)...
January 2015: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
V V Kholostova, A F Dronov, A N Smirnov, D V Zalikhin, A G Mannanov, E Iu Ermolenko, L Iu Tikhomirova
It was analyzed the treatment results of 24 patients under the age of 2 years with total aganglionosis for the period from 2000 to 2013. Each of these patients underwent several surgical interventions (on the average 7.8±2.1). All children were operated radically. It was performed ileojejunorectal anastomosis at transitional fold of peritoneum in patients with concomitant short bowel syndrome. Soave's operation was done in 14 patients including by using of laparoscopic technique in 3 cases. Inflammatory complications (paraproctitis) developed in 2 children on maceration background...
2014: Khirurgiia
Catherine A Matthews
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent, significant contributions to the medical literature regarding the identification of factors which are associated with urinary, fecal, and double incontinence in women. RECENT FINDINGS: Approximately one out of five women suffers from moderate to severe urinary incontinence, one out of 10 has fecal incontinence, and 2.5% have double incontinence of urine and stool. Obesity is primarily associated with urinary incontinence, whereas diabetes mellitus is a stronger risk factor for fecal incontinence...
October 2014: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Doreen McClurg
Pelvic floor muscles (PFM) are the layer of muscles that support the pelvic organs and span the bottom of the pelvis. Weakened PFM mean the internal organs are not fully supported and can lead to difficulties controlling the release of urine, faeces or flatus. Pregnancy and vaginal birth are a recognised cause of PFM weakness; however it has been shown that PFM exercises, if carried out correctly and routinely, can reduce the severity of symptoms. Midwives need to be pro-active in teaching PFM exercises and identifying women who may need to be referred on for more specialist treatment...
July 2014: Practising Midwife
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