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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822841/the-effciency-and-safety-of-tvt-abbrevo-versus-tvt-exact-in-the-normal-weight-and-overweight-patients-affected-by-stress-urinary-incontinence
#1
Yi Sun, Deyi Luo, Lu Yang, Xin Wei, Cai Tang, Mei Chen, Hong Shen, Qiang Wei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the compare efficacy between the two differernt slings in normal weight and overweight women. METHODS: There were 426 women, 220 women (119 normal weight and 101 overweight) accepted the TVT-A and 206 womens (141 normal weight and 92 overweight) accepted the TVT-E procedure. Data collected contained the subjectively efficiency, objectively efficiency, Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF), Incontinence Quality Of Life questionnaire (I-QOL), Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire short form (PFIQ-7), Urogenital Distress Inventory short form (UDI-6) and (Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire short form) PISQ-12 at the 36 months after the surgery...
August 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821408/is-late-life-dependency-increasing-or-not-a-comparison-of-the-cognitive-function-and-ageing-studies-cfas
#2
Andrew Kingston, Pia Wohland, Raphael Wittenberg, Louise Robinson, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Jagger
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how the proportions of dependency states have changed between generational cohorts of older people. We aimed to estimate years lived in different dependency states at age 65 years in 1991 and 2011, and new projections of future demand for care. METHODS: In this population-based study, we compared two Cognitive Function and Ageing Studies (CFAS I and CFAS II) of older people (aged ≥65 years) who were permanently registered with a general practice in three defined geographical areas (Cambridgeshire, Newcastle, and Nottingham; UK)...
August 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818731/association-between-severities-of-striae-gravidarum-and-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-oasis
#3
Ofra Halperin, Anita Noble, Shosh Balachsan, Ester Klug, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer
OBJECTIVES: to examine the association between the severities of Striae Gravidarum (SG) and Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injuries (OASIS) and to measure the symptoms regarding urinary incontinence, fecal/flatus incontinence, and dyspareunia, at 6 and 12 months postpartum. DESIGN: this is a cohort study. SETTING: four university teaching medical centers in Israel, two in the north and two in the center of the country. PARTICIPANTS: women with OASIS were interviewed and assessed for SG...
August 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818530/recent-developments-in-clinical-trials-of-botulinum-neurotoxins
#4
Antoniangela Cocco, Alberto Albanese
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are increasingly used in clinical practice for several indications. Following the pioneering years of discoveries, the recent years have witnessed an increase of new indications and new toxin brands. We review here the clinical trials on BoNTs performed since 2014 and put them into perspective. We also review the ongoing trials listed by the National Institutes of Health registry (Clinicaltrials.gov). The following indications are reviewed here: blepharospasm, cervical dystonia, spasticity, cerebral palsy, urinary incontinence, headache, topical formulations, postoperative cardiac arrhythmia, keloids and scars...
August 14, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817925/re-incontinence-rates-after-midurethral-sling-revision-for-vaginal-exposure-or-pain
#5
Alan J Wein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817919/re-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-anticholinergics-versus-botox-for-urgency-urinary-incontinence-results-from-the-anticholinergic-versus-botox-comparison-randomized-trial
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817874/re-absorbent-products-use-and-symptom-distress-in-women-who-have-urinary-incontinence-and-heart-failure
#7
Tomas L Griebling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817490/an-open-trial-of-iloperidone-for-mixed-episodes-in-bipolar-disorder
#8
Vivek Singh, Jodi Gonzalez Arnold, Thomas J Prihoda, Melissa Martinez, Charles L Bowden
BACKGROUND: Mixed mood states in bipolar disorder are difficult to treat and when present indicate worse illness trajectories. Several medications are US Food and Drug Administration approved to treat mixed episodes; however, the clinical trials have been short term and rarely reported depression response. METHODS: We conducted a 5-month open-label trial examining the tolerability and efficacy of iloperidone for bipolar disorder mixed episodes. RESULTS: Mania and depression scores significantly improved over the course of the study for study completers (ie, 60%-68% improvement for manic symptoms and 41%-49% for depression symptoms)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817298/radical-prostatectomy-innovation-and-outcomes-at-military-and-civilian-institutions
#9
Jeffrey J Leow, Joel S Weissman, Linda Kimsey, Andrew Hoburg, Lorens A Helmchen, Wei Jiang, Nathanael Hevelone, Stuart R Lipsitz, Louis L Nguyen, Steven L Chang
OBJECTIVES: Limited data are available regarding the impact of the type of healthcare delivery system on technology diffusion and associated clinical outcomes. We assessed the adoption of minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (MIRP), a recent clinical innovation, and whether this adoption altered surgical morbidity for prostate cancer surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of administrative data from TRICARE, the healthcare program of the United States Military Health System...
June 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816280/-analysis-of-outcomes-of-tension-free-mid-urethral-sling-procedure-in-women-with-mixed-urinary-incontinence
#10
W Y Zhang, X P Zhang, H Hu, J W Chen, X H Liu, K X Xu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the medium and long term outcomes of tension-free mid-urethral sling in the treatment of female patients with mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). METHODS: Twenty-six patients who underwent the tension-free mid-urethral sling procedure for MUI from April, 2010 to September, 2016, were followed up. Four of the 26 patients underwent retropubic tension free mid-urethral sling (TVT), and 22 of them underwent transurethral middle obturator sling (TOT)...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815825/the-prevalence-and-specific-characteristics-of-hospitalised-pressure-ulcer-patients-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#11
Qing Zhou, Ting Yu, Yuan Liu, Ruifen Shi, Suping Tian, Chaoxia Yang, Huaxiu Gan, Yanying Zhu, Xia Liang, Ling Wang, Zhenhua Wu, Jinping Huang, Ailing Hu
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to ascertain the pressure ulcer prevalence in secondary and tertiary general hospitals in different areas of Guangdong Province in China and explore the possible risk factors that are related to pressure ulcers. BACKGROUND: Few multicentre studies have been conducted on pressure ulcer prevalence in Chinese hospitals. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used. METHODS: Data from a total of 25,264 patients were included in the analysis at 25 hospitals in China...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815743/pathophysiology-of-nocturnal-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-older-patients-with-urinary-incontinence
#12
Marie-Astrid Denys, Veerle Decalf, Candy Kumps, Mirko Petrovic, An-Sofie Goessaert, Karel Everaert
OBJECTIVES: To explore the mismatch between functional bladder capacity and nocturnal urine production, and to study the pathophysiology of an increased nocturnal urine production in older patients with urinary incontinence. METHODS: The present prospective observational study included adults aged ≥65 years with urinary incontinence. Participants completed questionnaires, frequency volume charts and renal function profiles. The nocturnal lower urinary tract symptom index was defined as nocturnal urine output/maximum voided volume; the nocturnal polyuria index as nocturnal/24 h urine output...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815547/adjustable-mini-sling-compared-to-conventional-mid-urethral-slings-in-women-with-urinary-incontinence-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Martin Rudnicki, Katarina von Bothmer-Ostling, Anja Holstad, Claes Magnusson, Memona Majida, Constanze Merkel, Jens Prien, Ulf Jakobsson, Pia Teleman
INTRODUCTION: The primary aim was to compare the objective and subjective outcomes and short-term complication rates of an adjustable single-incision mini-sling (SIMS) versus standard mid-urethral slings (SMUS). The secondary aim was reporting pain perception and complications at one-year follow-up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was designed as a multicenter prospective randomized trial where women were included by eight centers in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials...
August 16, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814450/in-localised-prostate-cancer-radical-prostatectomy-was-associated-with-more-sexual-dysfunction-and-urinary-incontinence-than-radiation-or-active-surveillance
#14
Zachary L Smith, Scott E Eggener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813034/incontinence-shockwave-treatment-promotes-urethral-smooth-muscle-proliferation
#15
Peter Sidaway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812109/vibratory-perineal-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review
#16
Marina Petter Rodrigues, Luciana Laureano Paiva, José Geraldo Lopes Ramos, Lia Ferla
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The pelvic floor muscles (PFM) play an important part in the urinary continence mechanism. Changes in their structure and functionality may lead to a predisposition to pelvic floor dysfunction such as urinary incontinence (UI), which is the involuntary loss of urine. Some techniques for conservative treatment of UI are already well documented. However, new approaches have been found that require scientific proof of their effectiveness, such as vibratory stimulation (VS)...
August 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810594/tissue-engineered-sling-with-adipose-derived-stem-cells-under-static-mechanical-strain
#17
Ying Wang, Wei Wang, Xilong Wang, Yangyun Wang, Jihong Wang, Qiang Fu, Guowei Shi
The implantation of a suburethral sling is an important treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). However, the slings used current have a number of inherent limitations, such as tissue rejection and infection. The present study investigated the potential of engineering sling tissue in vitro using adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). The ADSCs were obtained from Sprague-Dawley rats and were characterized in vitro. The ADSCs were seeded on polyglycolic acid (PGA) fibers that formed a scaffold with a shape mimicking a sling complex...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809659/examining-sensory-overresponsiveness-in-preschool-children-with-retentive-fecal-incontinence
#18
Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille, Shelly J Lane
The development of bowel control is an important activity of daily living in early childhood, and challenges in this area can limit participation in key occupations. Retentive fecal incontinence (RFI) is a common disorder in children. Up to 50% of children do not respond adequately to initial medical intervention, and behaviors around toileting, some related to sensory overresponsivity (SOR), may be partly responsible. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship between RFI and SOR and also examined the discriminative validity of the Toileting Habit Profile Questionnaire (THPQ)...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807645/a-behavioral-weight-loss-program-and-non-urinary-incontinence-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-overweight-and-obese-women-with-urinary-incontinence-a-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-program-to-reduce-incontinence-by-diet-and-exercise-pride
#19
Benjamin N Breyer, Jennifer M Creasman, Holly E Richter, Deborah Myers, Kathryn L Burgio, Rena R Wing, Delia Smith West, John W Kusek, Leslee L Subak
AIMS: To determine whether a behavioral weight reduction intervention improves non-urinary incontinence (UI) lower urinary tract storage symptoms (LUTS) including urinary frequency, nocturia, urgency, at 6 months compared to a structured education program (control group) among overweight and obese women with UI. METHODS: The Program to Reduce Incontinence by Diet and Exercise (PRIDE) was a randomized clinical trial of 338 overweight or obese women with UI. Participants were randomized to 6-month behavioral weight loss intervention (N=226) or control (N=112)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807625/role-of-urodynamics-in-management-of-urethral-diverticulum-in-females
#20
Kuan-Jung Lin, Yu-Hua Fan, Alex Tong-Long Lin
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on the urodynamic findings of urethral diverticula (UD). We characterized the symptoms and urodynamic findings in women with UD. METHODS: A retrospective review of all women in a single center having surgical treatment for symptomatic UD between May 2004 and September 2014 was done. Lower urinary tract symptoms were evaluated with International Prostate Symptom Score and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score questionnaires. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging and videourodynamic study (VUDS) prior to surgery, and postoperative evaluation with VUDS...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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