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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100278/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-undernutrition-among-schoolchildren-in-the-plateau-central-and-centre-ouest-regions-of-burkina-faso
#1
Séverine Erismann, Astrid M Knoblauch, Serge Diagbouga, Peter Odermatt, Jana Gerold, Akina Shrestha, Grissoum Tarnagda, Boubacar Savadogo, Christian Schindler, Jürg Utzinger, Guéladio Cissé
BACKGROUND: Multiple factors determine children's nutritional status, including energy and nutrient intake, recurrent infectious diseases, access (or lack thereof) to clean water and improved sanitation, and hygiene practices, among others. The "Vegetables go to School: improving nutrition through agricultural diversification" (VgtS) project implements an integrated school garden programme in five countries, including Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of undernutrition and its risk factors among schoolchildren in Burkina Faso before the start of the project...
January 19, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099127/prevalence-risk-factors-and-consequences-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-schoolchildren-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kashmir-india
#2
Mohd Ashraf Ganie, Gulzar Ahmad Bhat, Ishfaq Ahmad Wani, Aafia Rashid, Showkat Ali Zargar, Bashir Ahmad Charoo, Zaffar Amin Shah, Syed Mudassar
BACKGROUND: Obesity among children and adolescents is a growing public health problem. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and metabolic consequences of obesity among schoolchildren from Kashmir, India. METHODS: The study subjects (n=2024) included 870 boys and 1154 girls, aged between 6 and 18 years. Data were collected by interviewer-administered questionnaires. Information was obtained about different lifestyles, anthropometric parameters and dietary habits...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095043/serum-insulin-growth-factor-1-in-lebanese-schoolchildren-and-its-relation-to-vitamin-d-and-ferritin-levels
#3
Marie-Hélène Gannagé-Yared, Elise Chahine, Vanessa Farah, Tony Ibrahim, Nadia Asmar, Georges Halaby
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to establish reference values for IGF-1 in Lebanese schoolchildren, and to evaluate the relationship between IGF-1 and age, gender, body mass index (BMI),vitamin D and ferritin. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 952 Lebanese schoolchildren (495 boys and 457 girls) aged 8-18 years, were included. Blood samples were taken from 10 schools of different socioeconomic status. Chemiluminescent immunoassays were used for IGF-1, 25(OH)D, testosterone and ferritin measurements...
January 17, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093533/effect-of-deworming-on-indices-of-health-cognition-and-education-among-schoolchildren-in-rural-china-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Chengfang Liu, Louise Lu, Linxiu Zhang, Renfu Luo, Sean Sylvia, Alexis Medina, Scott Rozelle, Darvin Scott Smith, Yingdan Chen, Tingjun Zhu
Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) infect over one billion people worldwide. There is concern that chronic infection with STHs among school-aged children may detrimentally affect their development, including their health, cognition, and education. However, two recent Cochrane reviews examining the impact of deworming drugs for STH on nutrition, hemoglobin, and school performance found that randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the literature provide an insufficient evidence base to draw reliable conclusions...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087587/association-between-dietary-intake-and-school-valued-outcomes-a-scoping-review
#5
H S K Chan, C Knight, M Nicholson
Approximately one in four Australian children aged 5-17 years are overweight or obese. Most of the health effects of overweight and obesity in childhood do not eventuate until into adulthood; therefore, motivation for children to have a healthy diet may be low. This scoping review examined the literature for associations between diet quality in 5-18 year olds and 'school-valued' outcomes including student attendance, academic performance, behaviour at school and mental health. A literature search for studies that assessed dietary intake and at least one 'school-valued' outcome in schoolchildren, in highly developed countries was conducted...
January 13, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087543/leisure-time-sport-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-age-6-13-a-2-5%C3%A2-years-prospective-cohort-study-the-champs-study-dk
#6
Charlène Chéron, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Christine Le Scanff, Eva Jespersen, Christina Trifonov Rexen, Claudia Franz, Niels Wedderkopp
OBJECTIVES: It is not known which sports are most likely to cause overuse injuries of the extremities in children. In this study, we report on the incidence of overuse injuries of the upper and lower extremities in children who participate in various leisure-time sports and relate this to the frequency of sport sessions. DESIGN: Natural experiment including a prospective cohort study. SETTING: 10 state schools in 1 Danish municipality: Svendborg...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080108/the-brief-problem-monitor-parent-form-bpm-p-a-short-version-of-the-child-behavior-checklist-psychometric-properties-in-spanish-6-to-8-year-old-children
#7
Eva Penelo, Núria de la Osa, José Blas Navarro, Josep Maria Domènech, Lourdes Ezpeleta
We provide the first validation data on the Spanish version of the Brief Problem Monitor-Parent form (BPM-P), a recently developed abbreviated version of the 120-item Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6 to 18 (CBCL/6-18) in young schoolchildren. Parents of a community sample of 521 children aged 6-8 answered the CBCL/6-18 yearly, and the 19 BPM-P items were examined; parents also provided different measures of psychopathology. Confirmatory factor analysis of the expected 3-factor model (attention, externalizing, and internalizing) showed adequate fit (root mean square error of approximation, RMSEA ≤ ...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079738/vision-problems-and-reduced-reading-outcomes-in-queensland-schoolchildren
#8
Shelley Hopkins, Geoff P Sampson, Peter L Hendicott, Joanne M Wood
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between vision and reading outcomes in Indigenous and non-Indigenous schoolchildren to determine whether vision problems are associated with lower reading outcomes in these populations. METHODS: Vision testing and reading assessments were performed on 508 Indigenous and non-Indigenous schoolchildren in Queensland, Australia divided into two age groups: Grades 1 and 2 (6-7 years of age) and Grades 6 and 7 (12-13 years of age). Vision parameters measured included cycloplegic refraction, near point of convergence, heterophoria, fusional vergence range, rapid automatized naming, and visual motor integration...
January 12, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070013/epidemiology-of-echinococcosis-among-schoolchildren-in-golog-tibetan-autonomous-prefecture-qinghai-china
#9
Huixia Cai, Yayi Guan, Xiao Ma, Liying Wang, Hu Wang, Guoming Su, Xuefei Zhang, Xiumin Han, Junying Ma, Yu Fang Liu, Jun Li, Jingxiao Zhang, Yongshun Wang, Wei Wang, Rui Du, Wen Lei, Weiping Wu
Echinococcosis is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease that is highly endemic in Qinghai Province. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of echinococcosis among schoolchildren in Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture to improve early diagnosis and treatment of patients and to provide information for echinococcosis prevention and control. A total of 11,260 schoolchildren from five counties (Maqin, Gander, Dari, Jiuzhi, and Banma) in Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, were screened for echinococcosis...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070012/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-intestinal-parasitic-infection-in-schoolchildren-in-battambang-cambodia
#10
Chien-Wei Liao, Kuan-Chih Chiu, I-Chen Chiang, Po-Ching Cheng, Ting-Wu Chuang, Juo-Han Kuo, Yun-Hung Tu, Chia-Kwung Fan
Most intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs), commonly endemic in tropical resource-poor developing countries, are neglected tropical diseases. Parasitic infections and malnutrition are most commonly found in children. We determined the prevalence of IPIs and the risk factors in Battambang Province, northwestern Cambodia, from August to September 2015. This study collected 308 valid questionnaires and specimens from Dontri (173, 56.2%) and Kon Kaêk (135, 43.8%) primary schools. All stool samples were examined using Chang's Feces Examination Apparatus through the merthiolate-iodine-formaldehyde technique...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070010/low-level-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-children-20-years-after-initiation-of-infant-vaccination-program-in-wallis-and-futuna
#11
Lorenzo Pezzoli, Jean Pierre Mathelin, Karen Hennessey, Padmasiri Eswara-Aratchige, Jayaprakash Valiakolleri, Sung Hye Kim
The prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Wallis and Futuna (WAF) was one of the highest in the Pacific and was the driving factor for introducing hepatitis B (HepB) vaccination in 1992 and HepB birth dose (HepB-BD) in 2006. Using transmission assessment survey (TAS) as a survey platform for eliminating lymphatic filariasis (LF), we assessed HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) seroprevalence, HepB vaccination coverage, and its timeliness among schoolchildren in WAF. From one finger prick of all registered fourth and fifth grade students, we tested HBsAg and filariasis antigen simultaneously, and estimated HepB vaccination coverage and timeliness by reviewing students' immunization cards...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067813/pneumococcal-colonization-in-the-familial-context-and-implications-for-anti-pneumococcal-immunization-in-adults-results-from-the-binocolo-project-in-sicily
#12
Fabio Tramuto, Emanuele Amodio, Giuseppe Calamusa, Vincenzo Restivo, Claudio Costantino, Francesco Vitale, On Behalf Of The Binocolo Group
The spread of Streptococcus pneumoniae within families has been scarcely investigated so far. This feasibility study aimed to estimate the prevalence of pneumococcal carriage in school-aged children and co-habiting relatives and to explore the potential link between the family environment and the sharing of pneumococcal serotypes covered by the vaccine. Oropharyngeal samples of 146 subjects belonging to 36 different family groups were molecularly tested for pneumococcal detection and serotyping. The overall prevalence of pneumococcal carriage was 65...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064555/a-population-based-study-on-the-impact-of-orofacial-dysfunction-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-brazilian-schoolchildren
#13
Fernanda Sardenberg, Bianca Lopes Cavalcante-Leão, Sara Regina Barancelli Todero, Fernanda Morais Ferreira, Nelson Luis Barbosa Rebellato, Fabian Calixto Fraiz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of orofacial dysfunction on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Brazilian schoolchildren. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based study was conducted with 531 children aged eight to 10 years at schools in the city of Campo Magro, Brazil. The Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) was the outcome variable used to measure the impact on OHRQoL. The main independent variable was orofacial function, which was diagnosed using the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S)...
January 8, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061851/the-perception-of-parents-and-teachers-about-intermittent-preventive-treatment-for-malaria-in-school-children-in-a-semi-rural-area-of-kinshasa-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#14
Junior R Matangila, Jessica Fraeyman, Marie-Louise Mbula Kambulu, Alain Mpanya, Raquel Inocêncio da Luz, Pascal Lutumba, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Hilde Bastiaens
BACKGROUND: Intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) is likely to be the most promising therapeutic strategy to prevent malaria and its related adverse outcomes in schoolchildren. However, its successful implementation will depend on acceptability to key stakeholders such as parents and teachers. METHODS: A qualitative research was conducted, following a clinical trial assessing the effectiveness of IPT in schoolchildren (IPTsc), to understand the perceptions and experiences of parents and teachers with IPTsc, in two schools of Mokali, in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo...
January 7, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056916/household-biomass-fuel-use-asthma-symptoms-severity-and-asthma-underdiagnosis-in-rural-schoolchildren-in-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#15
Oluwafemi Oluwole, Ganiyu O Arinola, Dezheng Huo, Christopher O Olopade
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) reported that the highest prevalence of symptoms of severe asthma was found in the low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including Nigeria. While exposure to biomass fuel use may be an important risk factor in the development of asthma, its association with asthma symptoms severity has not been well-established. The aim of this study is to extend the spectrum of environmental risk factors that may be contributing towards increasing asthma morbidity, especially asthma symptoms severity in rural schoolchildren in Nigeria and to examine possible asthma underdiagnosis among this population...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056909/active-travel-to-non-school-destinations-but-not-to-school-is-associated-with-higher-physical-activity-levels-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-inner-city-schoolchildren
#16
Lee Smith, Daniel Aggio, Mark Hamer
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association of travel mode to school and non-school destinations with objectively assessed health markers and physical activity in an ethnically diverse sample of inner-city UK schoolchildren. METHODS: We used data from the Camden Active Spaces project (n = 450 children aged 9.1 yrs) to examine associations of school travel mode and frequency of active travel to non-school destinations with daily and out-of-school physical activity, sedentary time and health markers; whilst controlling for appropriate covariates including objectively measured route length...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052217/prevalence-of-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-in-mexican-children
#17
Brenda Jaime Gurrusquieta, Victor Manuel Mendoza Núñez, María Lilia Adriana Juárez López
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren aged 6-12 years. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 1156 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years, living in Mexico City. A previously standardised examiner (k = 0.79) applied the diagnostic criteria for MIH from the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry. Children's parents completed a questionnaire about medical conditions in the perinatal period and the first 3 years of their children's lives...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050995/anaemia-in-adolescent-girls-an-intervention-of-diet-editing-and-counselling
#18
Andezhath K Susheela, Rashmi Gupta, Nisith K Mondal
BACKGROUND: Though a major public health problem of nutritional anaemia in schoolchildren is being addressed by iron supplementation and/or fortified food, they continue to be anaemic. We aimed to study the effect of fluoride consumption on haemoglobin levels and whether elimination of fluoride from the diet would correct anaemia in children. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty adolescent girls, 10-17 years of age, from a government senior secondary girls school in East Delhi, participated in the programme...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050981/intricate-evaluation-of-association-between-dental-caries-and-obesity-among-the-children-in-al-kharj-city-saudi-arabia
#19
Mohammed As Abu El Qomsan, Mohammed N Alasqah, Fahad A Alqahtani, Mohammed Aa Alobaydaa, Muteb M Alharbi, Zaheer Kola
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and obesity are two of the most prevalent health conditions affecting children. Relative decrease in corporeal movements, escalating inactive lifestyles, and changes in dietary factors are strongly linked with the increasing incidence of overweight and obesity. Furthermore, obesity increases the risk of chronic disease and dental caries that significantly affects the quality of life of young children. The present study intends to explore the relationship between dental caries and obesity in children in Al-Kharj city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039389/low-efficacy-of-albendazole-against-trichuris-trichiura-infection-in-schoolchildren-from-port-elizabeth-south-africa
#20
Ivan Müller, Lindsey Beyleveld, Markus Gerber, Uwe Pühse, Rosa du Randt, Jürg Utzinger, Leyli Zondie, Cheryl Walter, Peter Steinmann
BACKGROUND: Albendazole is one of two standard drugs for the control of soil-transmitted helminthiasis. METHODS: A total of 149 schoolchildren from Port Elizabeth, South Africa, were examined for soil-transmitted helminth infections using duplicate Kato-Katz thick smears before and 2 weeks after administration of albendazole (400 mg). RESULTS: Trichuris trichiura was the predominant soil-transmitted helminth species (prevalence 60.4%), followed by Ascaris lumbricoides (47...
December 29, 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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