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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230804/calcium-intake-and-nutritional-adequacy-in-spanish-children-the-aniva-study
#1
Nuria Rubio-López, Agustín Llopis-González, María Morales-Suárez-Varela
Calcium is an important nutrient for child development. The main objective of this study was to assess calcium intake and its adequacy with dietary reference intake (DRI) in Spanish children. The ANIVA (Antropometría y Nutrición Infantil de Valencia) study is a descriptive cross-sectional study. During two academic years 2013-2014 and 2014-2015, 1176 schoolchildren aged 6-9 years were selected from 14 primary schools in Valencia (Spain). Three-day food records were used to assess dietary intake, completed by parents/guardian...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217584/physical-activity-correlates-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-school-going-children-of-dehradun-uttarakhand
#2
Madhavi Bhargava, S D Kandpal, Pradeep Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important for prevention of overweight and obesity in growing children. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to explore the association of overweight and obesity in school children of the district of Dehradun with physical activity, sports, and recreation at home and school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 1266 schoolchildren of select private and government schools in urban and rural areas was done...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213887/rituals-improve-children-s-ability-to-delay-gratification
#3
Veronika Rybanska, Ryan McKay, Jonathan Jong, Harvey Whitehouse
To be accepted into social groups, individuals must internalize and reproduce appropriate group conventions, such as rituals. The copying of such rigid and socially stipulated behavioral sequences places heavy demands on executive function. Given previous research showing that challenging executive functioning improves it, it was hypothesized that engagement in ritualistic behaviors improves children's executive functioning, in turn improving their ability to delay gratification. A 3-month circle time games intervention with 210 schoolchildren (Mage  = 7...
February 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208225/indoor-fungal-diversity-in-primary-schools-may-differently-influence-allergic-sensitization-and-asthma-in-children
#4
João Cavaleiro Rufo, Joana Madureira, Inês Paciência, Lívia Aguiar, Cristiana Pereira, Diana Silva, Patrícia Padrão, Pedro Moreira, Luís Delgado, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Eduardo Oliveira Fernandes, João Paulo Teixeira, André Moreira
BACKGROUND: Childhood exposure to microbiological agents may influence the development of allergic and respiratory diseases. Apart from home, children spend most of their time at school, which represents an environment of significant exposure to indoor air microbes. Therefore, we aimed to assess how the prevalence of allergic sensitization and asthma in schoolchildren is affected by microbiological exposure within classrooms. METHODS: Spirometry with bronchodilation, exhaled nitric oxide measurements and skin-prick tests data were retrieved from 858 children aged 8 to 10 years old attending 71 classrooms in 20 primary schools...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205131/what-to-expect-from-your-remote-eye-tracker-when-participants-are-unrestrained
#5
Diederick C Niehorster, Tim H W Cornelissen, Kenneth Holmqvist, Ignace T C Hooge, Roy S Hessels
The marketing materials of remote eye-trackers suggest that data quality is invariant to the position and orientation of the participant as long as the eyes of the participant are within the eye-tracker's headbox, the area where tracking is possible. As such, remote eye-trackers are marketed as allowing the reliable recording of gaze from participant groups that cannot be restrained, such as infants, schoolchildren and patients with muscular or brain disorders. Practical experience and previous research, however, tells us that eye-tracking data quality, e...
February 15, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195021/the-role-of-school-principals-in-shaping-children-s-values
#6
Yair Berson, Shaul Oreg
Instilling values in children is among the cornerstones of every society. There is wide agreement that beyond academic teaching, schools play an important role in shaping schoolchildren's character, imparting in them values such as curiosity, achievement, benevolence, and citizenship. Despite the importance of this topic, we know very little about whether and how schools affect children's values. In this large-scale longitudinal study, we examined school principals' roles in the development of children's values...
December 2016: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193574/effects-of-preterm-birth-and-fetal-growth-retardation-on-life-course-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-schoolchildren-from-colombia-the-fuprecol-study
#7
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Emilio Villa-González, Javier Martínez-Torres, Anthony C Hackney, Antonio García-Hermoso
BACKGROUND: Both fetal growth restriction and prematurity have been associated with cardiometabolic risk in youth and adults, however, data on their combined effects on cardiometabolic health in youth are scarce. AIMS: This study aimed at assessing the effects of birth weight and gestational age combined on life-course cardiovascular risk factors and obesity among schoolchildren from Colombia. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Participants comprised 2510 Colombian schoolchildren (54...
February 10, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184243/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-schoolchildren-in-cyprus-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-correlational-study
#8
Sokratous Sokratis, Ζilides Christos, Panagi Despo, Karanikola Maria
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms in the young constitute a public health issue. The current study aims to estimate: (a) the frequency of depressive symptoms in a sample of final grade elementary-school children in Cyprus, (b) the association among frequency of depressive symptoms, gender and nationality and, (c) the metric properties of the Greek-Cypriot version of the children's depression inventory (CDI). METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with internal comparison was performed...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181935/resuscitation-training-for-schoolchildren-worldwide-kids-save-lives
#9
Hugo Van Aken, Michael Hessler, Peter Brinkrolf, Andreas Bohn, Antje Gottschalk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181660/childhood-recurrent-abdominal-pain-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-islamic-republic-of-iran
#10
H Alimohammadi, N Fouladi, F Salehzadeh, S A Alipour, M S Javadi
We examined the role of Helicobacter pylori infection as a cause of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) among Iranian children in a population-based case-control study to determine the association between H. pylori infection and RAP among schoolchildren. A total of 1558 children aged 6-13 years were examined. Children with RAP confirmed by the Apley and Naish criteria were selected; 145 cases were selected for inclusion and were compared with 145 healthy children recruited from the same area. Both groups underwent stool antigen testing...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177448/four-year-outcomes-of-an-educational-intervention-in-healthy-habits-in-schoolchildren-the-avall-3-trial
#11
Esteve Llargués, Ma Assumpta Recasens, Josep-Maria Manresa, Bjarne Bruun Jensen, Rosa Franco, Anna Nadal, Maria Vila, Isabel Recasens, M José Pérez, Conxa Castell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176405/deficits-in-anthropometric-indices-of-nutritional-status-and-motor-performance-among-low-birth-weight-children-from-maputo-city-mozambique
#12
Mario Eugénio Tchamo, Marcos André Moura-Dos-Santos, Fernanda Karina Dos Santos, António Prista, Carol Góis Leandro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between low birth weight (LBW) and anthropometry, body composition, physical fitness, and gross motor coordination among schoolchildren from Maputo, Mozambique. METHODS: A total of 353 children aged 7 to 10 years old from both genders born in Maputo (Mozambique) were sampled. The sample was divided into two groups: LBW (n = 155) and normal birth weight (NBW, n = 198). Body composition measurements and indices weight-for-age, height-for-age, and weight-for-height were assessed...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169554/architecture-medicalization-and-the-aesthetics-of-hygiene-at-the-%C3%A3-coles-maternelles
#13
Gina Greene
This article examines the focus on hygiene, medical surveillance, and physical regeneration in late 19th and early 20th century French nursery schools (écoles maternelles) and its impact on their architecture. Administrators had originally charged maternelles with providing education and motherly care to young children. But bureaucratic anxieties about physical degeneration and disease among French schoolchildren led to new practices focused on the body, which ultimately led to changes in the schools' architectural program and aesthetics...
February 7, 2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165640/significant-disparities-in-allergy-prevalence-and-microbiota-between-the-young-people-in-finnish-and-russian-karelia
#14
Lasse Ruokolainen, Laura Paalanen, Antti Karkman, Tiina Laatikainen, Leena von Hertzen, Tiina Vlasoff, Olga Markelova, Vladimir Masyuk, Petri Auvinen, Lars Paulin, Harri Alenius, Nanna Fyhrquist, Ilkka Hanski, Mika J Mäkelä, Elmira Zilber, Pekka Jousilahti, Erkki Vartiainen, Tari Haahtela
BACKGROUND: Atopic allergy has been more common among schoolchildren in Finland, as compared to Russian Karelia. These adjacent regions show one of the most contrasting socio-economically differences in the world. OBJECTIVE: We explored changes in allergy from school age to young adulthood from 2003 to 2010/2012 in these two areas. The skin and nasal microbiota were also compared. METHODS: Randomly selected children from Finnish (n = 98) and Russian Karelia (n = 82) were examined in 2003, when the children were 7-11 years of age, and again in 2010 (Finnish Karelia) and 2012 (Russian Karelia)...
February 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165360/body-composition-nutritional-profile-and-muscular-fitness-affect-bone-health-in-a-sample-of-schoolchildren-from-colombia-the-fuprecol-study
#15
Mónica Adriana Forero-Bogotá, Mónica Liliana Ojeda-Pardo, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RíoValle, Carmen Flores Navarro-Pérez, Luis Gracia-Marco, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Javier Martínez-Torres, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationships between body composition, nutritional profile, muscular fitness (MF) and bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Participants included 1118 children and adolescents (54.6% girls). Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA) was obtained as a marker of bone health. Body composition (fat mass and lean mass) was assessed using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Furthermore height, weight, waist circumference and Tanner stage were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
February 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162096/intestinal-schistosomiasis-in-uganda-at-high-altitude-1400%C3%A2-m-malacological-and-epidemiological-surveys-on-mount-elgon-and-in-fort-portal-crater-lakes-reveal-extra-preventive-chemotherapy-needs
#16
Michelle C Stanton, Moses Adriko, Moses Arinaitwe, Alison Howell, Juliet Davies, Gillian Allison, E James LaCourse, Edridah Muheki, Narcis B Kabatereine, J Russell Stothard
BACKGROUND: Intestinal schistosomiasis is of public health importance in Uganda but communities living above 1400 m are not targeted for control as natural transmission is thought unlikely. To assess altitudinal boundaries and at-risk populations, conjoint malacological and epidemiological surveys were undertaken on Mount Elgon (1139 m-3937 m), in Fort Portal crater lakes and in the Rwenzori Mountains (1123 m-4050 m). METHODS: Seventy freshwater habitats [Mount Elgon (37), Fort Portal crater lakes (23), Rwenzori Mountains (8) and Lake Albert (2)] were inspected for Biomphalaria species...
February 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161198/the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-family-income-and-measures-of-muscular-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-colombian-schoolchildren
#17
Gavin R H Sandercock, Felipe Lobelo, Jorge E Correa-Bautista, Gustavo Tovar, Daniel Dylan Cohen, Gundi Knies, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and physical fitness in a sample of Colombian youth. STUDY DESIGN: Prueba SER is cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren in Bogota, Colombia. Mass, stature, muscular fitness (standing long-jump, handgrip), and cardiorespiratory fitness (20-m shuttle run) were measured in 52 187 schoolchildren 14-16 years of age. Area-level SES was categorized from 1 (very low) to 4 (high) and parent-reported family income was categorized as low, middle, or high...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161097/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-hypertension-phenotypes-by-age-and-gender-among-schoolchildren-in-greece-the-healthy-growth-study
#18
Kalliopi Karatzi, Athanase D Protogerou, George Moschonis, Christiana Tsirimiagou, Odysseas Androutsos, George P Chrousos, Christos Lionis, Yannis Manios
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Childhood hypertension is a constantly increasing health problem. Data regarding its prevalence and particularly the prevalence of its phenotypes in the Greek population are limited; therefore, the aim of the study was to determine them in a large sample of Greek children. METHODS: A sample of 2655 schoolchildren (9-13 years) participated in the Healthy Growth Study, i.e. a cross-sectional epidemiologic study conducted in 77 primary schools in four large regions in Greece...
January 21, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155241/effects-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-signs-and-socio-economic-status-on-sleep-bruxism-and-tooth-wear-among-schoolchildren-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#19
Isabella Mota-Veloso, Roger Keller Celeste, Cynthia Pimenta Fonseca, Maria Eliza Consolação Soares, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Joana Ramos-Jorge
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both bruxism and attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) has increased in recent years. AIM: This study evaluated the direct and indirect effects of signs of ADHD, reported by parents/caregivers and teachers, with sleep bruxism. In addition, this study explores the effects of socio-economic status (SES) on sleep bruxism. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was performed in Diamantina, Brazil, with 851 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 6-12 years...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155103/respiratory-disorders-and-the-prevalence-of-sleep-bruxism-among-schoolchildren-aged-8-to-11%C3%A2-years
#20
Clarissa Lopes Drumond, Débora Souto Souza, Júnia Maria Serra-Negra, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Joana Ramos-Jorge
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between respiratory disorders and sleep bruxism, with an evaluation of demographic/socioeconomic factors and childhood stress as confounding variables. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in the city of Diamantina, Brazil, with 448 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 8 to 11 years. The schoolchildren underwent an oral examination for the evaluation of bruxism. Parents/caregivers answered a questionnaire for the assessment of sleep bruxism; socioeconomic-demographic factors; and respiratory disorders, such as rhinitis, sinusitis, and bronchitis...
February 3, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
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