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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640328/-validity-and-reproducibility-of-an-internet-based-questionnaire-web-caafe-to-evaluate-the-food-consumption-of-students-aged-7-to-15-years
#1
Gilmar Mercês de Jesus, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Emil Kupek
The study evaluated the validity and reproducibility of the food consumption section of the questionnaire Food Intake and Physical Activity of School Children (Web-CAAFE), an Internet-based software for the qualitative measurement of food consumption by recalling the previous day. A total of 390 students in grades 2 to 5 (7 to 15 years) of a semi-integral public school participated in the study. The validity was tested by comparing the report in the Web-CAAFE and the direct observation of food consumed in the school in the previous day...
June 5, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638720/negative-emotion-evoked-by-viewing-snakes-has-a-motivating-effect-on-cognitive-processing-in-human-children-with-or-without-intellectual-disability
#2
Nobuo Masataka
BACKGROUND: It is well known that prioritization of the processing of threatening stimuli generally induces deleterious effects on task performance. However, a study recently reported that emotion (possibly fear) evoked by viewing images of snakes exerts a facilitating effect upon making judgments of the images' color in neurotypical adults and schoolchildren. Here, the author has attempted to confirm the relevance of this notion in children with and without intellectual disability. METHODS: The author here compared the reaction time required to name the colors of snake and flower images between children with Down syndrome (DS) and mental age matched, typically-developing (TD) children...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636794/differences-and-similarities-between-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-asthma-in-schoolchildren
#3
Björn Nordlund, Anna James, Christina Ebersjö, Gunilla Hedlin, Eva B Broström
BACKGROUND: The long-term respiratory characteristics of ex-preterm children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are not established. The objective of this study was to describe hallmarks of BPD at school age in comparison to children with atopic asthma. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional descriptive comparative study in a hospital-based setting. Thirty schoolchildren diagnosed with BPD (10.4 years/born at 26.6 weeks' gestation) and 30 age- and sex-matched children with asthma and sensitized to airborne allergens (IgE >0...
June 21, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634143/pcr-based-verification-of-positive-rapid-diagnostic-tests-for-intestinal-protozoa-infections-with-variable-test-band-intensity
#4
Sören L Becker, Ivan Müller, Pascal Mertens, Mathias Herrmann, Leyli Zondie, Lindsey Beyleveld, Markus Gerber, Rosa du Randt, Uwe Pühse, Cheryl Walter, Jürg Utzinger
Stool-based rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for pathogenic intestinal protozoa (e.g. Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia intestinalis) allow for prompt diagnosis and treatment in resource-constrained settings. Such RDTs can improve individual patient management and facilitate population-based screening programmes in areas without microbiological laboratories for confirmatory testing. However, RDTs are difficult to interpret in case of 'trace' results with faint test band intensities and little is known about whether such ambiguous results might indicate 'true' infections...
June 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629670/trends-in-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-allergic-rhinitis-symptoms-in-primary-schoolchildren-six-years-apart-in-budapest
#5
M Sultész, I Balogh, G Katona, G Mezei, A Hirschberg, G Gálffy
BACKGROUND: Few data are available concerning the time trends and risk factors associated with allergic rhinitis (AR) in schoolchildren in Hungary. METHODS: At an interval of six years, parents of 6-12-year-old children completed identical ISAAC-based and additional questionnaires related to possible risk factors. RESULTS: Response rate was 62.8% with 6335 questionnaires distributed in 2007, and 52.9% with 6441 questionnaires in 2013. The prevalence of current AR symptoms (subjects presenting clinical symptoms of AR in the past 12 months, but had yet to be diagnosed by physician) increased significantly from 14...
June 16, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628840/nasal-epithelium-injury-by-chlorination-products-and-other-stressors-predicts-persistent-sensitization-to-aeroallergens-in-young-schoolchildren
#6
Alfred Bernard, Antonia Sardella, Catherine Voisin, Xavier Dumont
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitization during childhood is a dynamic process with a substantial rate of remission. Factors influencing this process are largely unknown. METHODS: We conducted a two-year prospective study among 121 schoolchildren (mean age, 5.8 years; 64 boys). We measured urea, club cell protein (CC16), β2-microglobulin and albumin in nasal lavage fluid (NALF) and IgE to cat, pollen or house dust mite (HDM) in nasal mucosa fluid. RESULTS: Odds of persistent sensitization to any aeroallergen increased across baseline ascending tertiles of urea-adjusted β2-microglobulin or albumin and descending tertiles of albumin- or β2-microglobulin-adjusted CC16 (P-trend = 0...
June 16, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628739/predictive-validity-of-body-fat-percentage-by-bioimpedance-compared-with-deuterium-oxide-dilution-in-costa-rican-schoolchildren
#7
Juan Diego Zamora Salas, Adriana Laclé-Murray
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to verify the validity of body fat percentage (BF%) by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in a sample of Costa Rican schoolchildren. METHODS: The sample consisted of 52 male (mean age 8.1 ± 0.9 years) and 49 female (mean age 7.5 ± 1.0 years) schoolchildren. Deuterium oxide dilution was the reference method used as the "gold standard" to determine the fat mass (FM) expressed as BF%. Linear regression analyses and paired sample t-tests were used to test the association and mean differences between BIA and deuterium oxide dilution BF%...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626872/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-well-being-of-ghanaian-children-in-transnational-families
#8
Victor Cebotari, Valentina Mazzucato, Ernest Appiah
This study is the first to employ panel data to examine well-being outcomes-self-rated health, happiness, life satisfaction, and school enjoyment-of children in transnational families in an African context. It analyzes data collected in 2013, 2014, and 2015 from secondary schoolchildren and youth (ages 12-21) in Ghana (N = 741). Results indicate that children with fathers, mothers, or both parents away and those cared for by a parent, a family, or a nonfamily member are equally or more likely to have higher levels of well-being as children in nonmigrant families...
June 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626859/very-preterm-children-with-fetal-growth-restriction-demonstrated-altered-white-matter-maturation-at-nine-years-of-age
#9
Virva Saunavaara, Hanna Kallankari, Riitta Parkkola, Leena Haataja, Päivi Olsén, Mikko Hallman, Tuula Kaukola
AIM: This study evaluated the role of preterm birth and fetal growth restriction on white matter maturation in schoolchildren without any severe neurodevelopmental impairment. METHODS: The study group comprised 56 very preterm children and 21 term children born between November 1998 and November 2002 at Oulu University Hospital, Finland. The mean gestational age of the preterm children was 28.7 (24.1-31.9) weeks. All children underwent diffusion tensor imaging at a mean age of 9...
June 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621280/utility-of-dermatoglyphic-pattern-in-prediction-of-caries-in-children-of-telangana-region-india
#10
Shaik M Asif, Dara Bg Babu, Shaik Naheeda
INTRODUCTION: Dermatoglyphics is an extremely useful tool as a preliminary investigation method for diagnosing suspected genetic disorders. Caries being a multifactorial disease with the influence of genetic pattern, early identification of caries risk children with dermatoglyphics can help in using effective and efficient caries preventive measures. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study was undertaken to record and know the frequency of occurrence of fingerprint patterns among children with caries and in children without caries...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619406/physical-activity-sleep-and-bmi-percentile-in-rural-and-urban-ugandan-youth
#11
Mary J Christoph, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Rhona Baingana, James M Ntambi
BACKGROUND: Uganda is experiencing a dual burden of over- and undernutrition, with overweight prevalence increasing while underweight remains common. Potential weight-related factors, particularly physical activity, sleep, and rural/urban status, are not currently well understood or commonly assessed in Ugandan youth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to pilot test a survey measuring weight-related factors in rural and urban Ugandan schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey measured sociodemographics, physical activity, sleep patterns, and dietary factors in 148 rural and urban schoolchildren aged 11-16 in central Uganda...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614462/-cross-sectional-study-of-intestinal-parasitosis-in-child-populations-in-argentina
#12
Graciela Teresa Navone, María Lorena Zonta, Paola Cociancic, Mariela Garraza, María Inés Gamboa, Luis Alberto Giambelluca, Silvia Dahinten, Evelia Edith Oyhenart
Objective: Determine the distribution of intestinal parasitosis in children in nine provinces representative of Argentina's mosaic of contrasting environments. Methods: Descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study of preschool children (5 years old or under) and school-age children (6-14 years) in the provinces of Buenos Aires (sample taken between 2005 and 2013), Chubut (2010-2013), Corrientes (2012), Entre Ríos (2010-2012), Formosa (2014), La Pampa (2006), Mendoza (2008-2011), Misiones (2005-2008 and 2013), and Salta (2012-2013)...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614458/capacity-for-self-monitoring-reading-comprehension-in-elementary-school
#13
Gabriela Juliane Bueno, Carolina Alves Ferreira Carvalho, Clara Regina Brandão de Ávila
Purpose: To investigate the capacity for self-monitoring reading comprehension in Brazilian Elementary School students. Methods: Fifty-three Elementary students in the 5th and 9th grades from two Public Schools in the city of São Paulo were assessed. They were selected based on their oral reading rate and grouped according to their performance in reading comprehension in the following categories: Group with best comprehension: students with adequate rate and accuracy, without difficulties in reading comprehension; Group with worst comprehension: students with adequate rate and accuracy but with difficulties in reading comprehension...
June 8, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612148/first-detection-and-genotyping-of-giardia-intestinalis-in-stool-samples-collected-from-children-in-ghazni-province-eastern-afghanistan-and-evaluation-of-the-pcr-assay-in-formalin-fixed-specimens
#14
Anna Lass, Panagiotis Karanis, Krzysztof Korzeniewski
It is estimated that faecal-orally transmitted diseases are common in Afghanistan, as a consequence of poor hygienic standards of life and widespread contamination of water and food with both human and animal faeces. However, there is little information in the literature concerning infections caused by intestinal parasites in the Afghan population. In this study, we report the occurrence of Giardia intestinalis assemblages (A and B) in formalin-fixed stool samples collected from 245 Afghan schoolchildren living in Ghazni Province in eastern Afghanistan...
June 13, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608526/clothing-protection-from-uvr-a-new-method-for-assessment
#15
Ryan Gage, William Leung, James Stanley, Anthony Reeder, Michelle Barr, Tim Chambers, Moira Smith, Louise Signal
Clothing modifies ultraviolet radiation exposure from the sun, and has an impact on skin cancer risk and the endogenous synthesis of vitamin D3 . There is no standardized method available for assessing body surface area covered by clothing, which limits generalizability between study findings. We calculated the body cover provided by 38 clothing items using diagrams of body surface area (BSA), adjusting the values to account for differences in BSA by age. Diagrams displaying each clothing item were developed and incorporated into a coverage assessment procedure (CAP)...
June 13, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607245/opportunities-in-oral-health-policy-for-timor-leste
#16
Lucio F Babo Soares, Silvana S Bettiol, Isaac J Dalla-Fontana, Penny Allen, Leonard A Crocombe
Timor-Leste faces an urgent set of challenges in oral health. The impact of oral diseases in terms of reduced quality of life and cost of treatment is considerable. This paper reviews progress on policy recommendations since the National Oral Health Survey in 2002, the first such national survey. Few proposals have been implemented to date, owing to (i) lack of local support for the recommendations, particularly on promotion of oral health; (ii) lack of financial and budgetary provisions for oral health; (iii) lack of focus on services, human resources and dental personnel; (iv) poor focus, design and implementation of policy and planning in oral health; and (v) lack of transport to facilitate health-care workers' access to remote areas...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606136/cost-analysis-of-a-school-based-comprehensive-malaria-program-in-primary-schools-in-sikasso-region-mali
#17
Roberta Maccario, Saba Rouhani, Tom Drake, Annie Nagy, Modibo Bamadio, Seybou Diarra, Souleymane Djanken, Natalie Roschnik, Siân E Clarke, Moussa Sacko, Simon Brooker, Josselin Thuilliez
BACKGROUND: The expansion of malaria prevention and control to school-aged children is receiving increasing attention, but there are still limited data on the costs of intervention. This paper analyses the costs of a comprehensive school-based intervention strategy, delivered by teachers, that included participatory malaria educational activities, distribution of long lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN), and Intermittent Parasite Clearance in schools (IPCs) in southern Mali. METHODS: Costs were collected alongside a randomised controlled trial conducted in 80 primary schools in Sikasso Region in Mali in 2010-2012...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591502/-factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-among-schoolchildren-from-arandas-jalisco-mexico
#18
Lizette Miranda-Ríos, Edgar M Vásquez-Garibay, Enrique Romero-Velarde, María Eugenia Nuño-Cosío, Liliana Campos-Barrera, Erika A Caro-Sabido, Joanie Ramírez-Díaz
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Mexico was the top country for childhood obesity. The objective was to identify the association between physical activity and sedentary lifestyle with the social and demographic characteristics of families of schoolchildren in Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 192 schoolchildren were randomly selected. Body mass index (BMI), active and sedentary behaviors, and socio-demographic characteristics of families were obtained...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585512/auditory-visual-speech-perception-in-three-and-four-year-olds-and-its-relationship-to-perceptual-attunement-and-receptive-vocabulary
#19
Doğu Erdener, Denis Burnham
Despite the body of research on auditory-visual speech perception in infants and schoolchildren, development in the early childhood period remains relatively uncharted. In this study, English-speaking children between three and four years of age were investigated for: (i) the development of visual speech perception - lip-reading and visual influence in auditory-visual integration; (ii) the development of auditory speech perception and native language perceptual attunement; and (iii) the relationship between these and a language skill relevant at this age, receptive vocabulary...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578066/microbial-metabolites-profile-during-in-vitro-human-colonic-fermentation-of-breakfast-menus-consumed-by-mexican-school-children
#20
Victor Manuel Zamora-Gasga, Efigenia Montalvo-González, Guadalupe Loarca-Piña, Pedro Alberto Vázquez-Landaverde, Juscelino Tovar, Sonia G Sáyago-Ayerdi
The nutrition transition promotes the development of childhood obesity. Currently, Mexico is affected by this serious public health problem. The nutritional and functional characterization of a whole menu has a number of advantages over the study of single nutrients. Since breakfast is considered the most important meal of the day, this study aimed to evaluate the metabolite profile produced by in vitro human colonic fermentation of the isolated indigestible fraction (IF) from three different Mexican breakfast (M-B) menus (Modified "MM-B", traditional "TM-B", and alternative "AM-B"), previously identified as commonly consumed by Mexican schoolchildren in Nayarit State, Mexico...
July 2017: Food Research International
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