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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335405/association-of-short-term-exposure-to-ambient-fine-particulate-matter-with-skin-symptoms-in-schoolchildren-a-panel-study-in-a-rural-area-of-western-japan
#1
Masanari Watanabe, Hisashi Noma, Jun Kurai, Hiroyuki Sano, Kyoko Iwata, Degejirihu Hantan, Yuji Tohda, Eiji Shimizu
Numerous studies have unmasked the deleterious effects of particulate matter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) on health. However, epidemiologic evidence focusing on the effects of PM2.5 on skin health remains limited. An important aspect of Asian dust (AD) in relationship to health is the amount of PM2.5 contained therein. Several studies have demonstrated that AD can aggravate skin symptoms. The current study aimed to investigate the effects of short-term exposure to PM2.5 and AD particles on skin symptoms in schoolchildren...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334944/recent-trends-in-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-among-children-and-adolescents-in-shandong-china
#2
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Rong Wang, Min Chen, Yan Cheng
Background: The present study examined the recent trends in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. Methods: Data for this study were obtained from two cross-sectional surveys of schoolchildren carried out in 2010 and 2014 in Shandong Province, China. A total of 72 755 students aged 7-18 years were included in this study. The BMI cutoff points recommended by the International Obesity Task Force were used to define overweight and general obesity...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334847/utilization-and-environmental-availability-of-food-outlets-and-overweight-obesity-among-schoolchildren-in-a-city-in-the-south-of-brazil
#3
Elizabeth Nappi Corrêa, Camila Elizandra Rossi, Janaina das Neves, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos
Among the causes of obesity, environmental factors have also been studied, in addition to genetic, social, psychological, and hormonal factors. The distribution of food outlets, facilitating or hindering food acquisition, can promote body weight control by encouraging healthier food habits. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between environmental availability and utilization of food outlets and overweight/obesity in 7 to 14-year-old schoolchildren in Florianópolis, in the South of Brazil...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332884/asthma-control-in-london-secondary-school-children
#4
Katherine Harris, Gioia Mosler, Samson A Williams, Abigail Whitehouse, Rosalind Raine, Jonathan Grigg
OBJECTIVE: The asthma control test (ACT) is a validated tool for assessing control in asthmatic children aged 12 years and older. Using the ACT, we sought to assess asthma control and knowledge in London secondary school children. METHODS: Secondary schools in London, UK, participated in this study. Children with doctor-diagnosed asthma were invited to complete an online questionnaire that included the ACT and questions about asthma. Suboptimal asthma control was defined as an ACT score of ≤ 19 out of a maximum score of 25...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332408/trauma-and-autobiographical-memory-contents-and-determinants-of-earliest-memories-among-war-affected-palestinian-children
#5
Kirsi Peltonen, Samuli Kangaslampi, Samir Qouta, Raija-Leena Punamäki
The contents of earliest memories (EM), as part of autobiographical memory, continue to fascinate scientists and therapists. However, research is scarce on the determinants of EM, especially among children. This study aims, first, to identify contents of EM of children living in war conditions, and, second, to analyse child gender, traumatic events and mental health as determinants of the contents of EM. The participants were 240 Palestinian schoolchildren from the Gaza Strip (10-12 years, M = 11.35, SD = 0...
March 23, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328716/vertical-jump-and-leg-power-normative-data-for-colombian-schoolchildren-aged-9-17-9-years-the-fuprecol-study
#6
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge E Correa-Bautista, Felipe Lobelo, Eduardo L Cadore, Alicia M Alonso-Martinez, Mikel Izquierdo
Ramírez-Vélez, R, Correa-Bautista, JE, Lobelo, F, Cadore, EL, Alonso-Martinez, AM, and Izquierdo, M. Vertical jump and leg power normative data for Colombian schoolchildren aged 9-17.9 years: the FUPRECOL study. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 990-998, 2017-The aims of the present study were to generate normative vertical jump height and predicted peak power (Ppeak) data for 9- to 17.9-year-olds and to investigate between-sex and age group differences in these measures. This was a cross-sectional study of 7,614 healthy schoolchildren (boys n = 3,258 and girls n = 4,356, mean [SD] age 12...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327839/-sociocultural-factors-determinants-of-eating-habits-of-kindergarten-schoolchildren-in-peru
#7
Rocío González-Jiménez, Fátima León-Larios, Mercedes Lomas-Campos, María-Jesús Albar
To examine the sociocultural factors that determine the eating habits of children aged less than 5 years who attend kindergarten school in Chachapoyas in Peru, we carried out a qualitative study by means of semi-structured interviews of 18 fathers and mothers. The key factors related to eating habits were as follows: availability and easiness to prepare foods, schedule and work done by parents, intake of coffee in children as a common practice, lack of resources and economic uncertainty for food planning, and the lack of nutritional knowledge...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327837/-ioduria-and-iodine-concentration-in-table-salt-in-peruvian-elementary-schoolchildren
#8
Carolina Tarqui-Mamani, Doris Alvarez-Dongo, Inés Fernández-Tinco
Objectives: To determine the ioduria and iodine concentration in table salt in Peruvian elementary schoolchildren. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was performed. A total of 8,023 elementary schoolchildren, who voluntarily participated, were included. Multistage stratified probability sampling was performed, and the sample was obtained by systematic selection. Ioduria was determined via spectrophotometry (Sandell-Kolthoff method), and the amount of iodine in salt was evaluated volumetrically...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327832/-frequency-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-residents-of-an-andean-region-in-peru
#9
Juana Aurelia Ninatanta-Ortiz, Luz Amparo Núñez-Zambrano, Segunda Aydeé García-Flores, Franco Romaní Romaní
Objectives.: To calculate the frequency of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its associated characteristics in selected populations residing in the urban areas of two districts in the Cajamarca region. Materials and methods.: Cross-sectional study performed in 2014, obtaining randomized samples from three target study populations: high school students, university students, and schoolchildren mothers. In adults, MetS was defined by means of Third Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) criteria, and in teenagers, the modified Cook criteria were used...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327831/-assessment-of-the-nutritional-status-physical-activity-and-eating-habits-of-schoolchildren-in-cercado-de-lima
#10
Juan Pablo Aparco, William Bautista-Olórtegui, Laura Astete-Robilliard, Jenny Pillaca
Objectives: To assess the nutritional status, physical activity, and eating habits of schoolchildren in Cercado de Lima (Lima district). Materials and methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample included schoolchildren from first to fourth grade in four public elementary schools located in Cercado de Lima. The study variables were nutritional status, hemoglobin dose, physical activity, and eating habits. The percentages of the qualitative variables and central tendency measures for quantitative ones were calculated...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327266/milk-sweetened-with-xylitol-a-proof-of-principle-caries-prevention-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Donald L Chi, Graciela Zegarra, Elsa C Vasquez Huerta, Jorge L Castillo, Peter Milgrom, Marilyn C Roberts, Ailin R Cabrera-Matta, Ana P Merino
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of xylitol-sweetened milk as a caries-preventive strategy. METHODS: In this nine-month prospective proof-of-principle trial, Peruvian schoolchildren were randomized to one of five different milk groups: (1) eight g of xylitol per 200 mL milk once per day; (2) four g of xylitol per 100 mL milk twice per day; (3) eight g of sorbitol per 200 mL milk once per day; (4) four g of sorbitol per 100 mL milk twice per day; or (5) eight g of sucrose per 200 mL milk once per day...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327265/association-between-body-mass-index-and-caries-experience-in-brazilian-children-and-adolescents
#12
Raquel Assed Bezerra da Silva, Driely Barreiros, Sara Oliveira, Lea Assed Bezerra da Silva, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Erika Calvano Küchler
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between caries and body mass index (BMI) deviations in Brazilian schoolchildren and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 237 three- to 15-year-old children, all undergoing treatment in a university pediatric dental clinic, was evaluated. Caretakers answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic, ethnicity, oral hygiene, and dietary information. The children's height was measured in centimeters, the weight in kilograms, and BMIs were calculated...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319530/oral-chemical-burns-reported-to-the-poisons-information-centre-in-erfurt-germany-from-1997-to-2014
#13
Juliane Nehrlich, Hans-Peter Klöcking, Helmut Hentschel, Amelie Lupp
Devastating oral burns often followed by lifelong complications can result from ingestion of caustic substances. However, although being one of the most challenging situations in clinical practice, literature data on the epidemiology of oral burns are still scarce. Retrospective analysis of all cases of oral burns after ingestion of corrosive substances reported to the Poisons Information Centre in Erfurt, Germany, from 1997 to 2014 was performed. In total, 482 calls because of oral burns were registered, with no change in the numbers of cases during the years...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301027/impact-of-malocclusion-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-8-12-years-old-schoolchildren-in-southern-brazil
#14
Roberto Cuchiara Simões, Marília Leão Goettems, Helena Silveira Schuch, Dione Dias Torriani, Flávio Fernando Demarco
The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of malocclusion on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of schoolchildren aged 8-12 years old in Southern Brazil. A two-stage cluster procedure was used to select 1,199 children in 20 public and private schools in Pelotas/Brazil. Cross-sectional data was collected, consisting of a socioeconomic questionnaire to parents, children's interview and clinical oral examination. The clinical variables were obtained from clinical examination, and the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ) was assessed during children's interview...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299390/trends-in-bullying-victimization-in-scottish-adolescents-1994-2014-changing-associations-with-mental-well-being
#15
Alina Cosma, Ross Whitehead, Fergus Neville, Dorothy Currie, Jo Inchley
OBJECTIVES: Bullying victimization among schoolchildren is a major public health concern. This paper aims to analyse the changing associations over two decades between bullying victimization and mental well-being in a representative Scottish schoolchildren sample. METHODS: Data were collected in six rounds of the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study in Scotland, with 42,312 adolescents (aged 11, 13 and 15 years). Logistic and linear regressions were used to examine changes in the association between bullying victimization and mental well-being...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296364/-decreased-anthropometric-indicators-of-adiposity-in-school-children-as-an-indicator-of-the-nutritional-transition-in-mexico
#16
Laura Leticia Salazar-Preciado, Alfredo Larrosa-Haro, Clío Chávez-Palencia, Elizabeth Lizárraga-Corona
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to estimate the adiposity trend in children from a public elementary school in Guadalajara, Mexico, between 2007 and 2011. METHODS: Comparative study of two samples taken transversely in 1432 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years. Z-score of BMI and anthropometric indicators of arm adiposity (triceps skinfold, fat area and arm fat index) were calculated. Reference standards of the 2007-WHO and Frisancho were used. Analysis: Chi-square and Student t test...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294086/school-lunches-in-japan-their-contribution-to-healthier-nutrient-intake-among-elementary-school-and-junior-high-school-children
#17
Keiko Asakura, Satoshi Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: The role of school lunches in diet quality has not been well studied. Here, we aimed to determine the contribution of school lunches to overall nutrient intake in Japanese schoolchildren. DESIGN: The study was conducted nationwide under a cross-sectional design. A non-consecutive, three-day diet record was performed on two school days and a non-school day separately. The prevalence of inadequate nutrient intake was estimated for intakes on one of the school days and the non-school day, and for daily habitual intake estimated by the best-power method...
March 15, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292765/soil-transmitted-helminthiasis-in-indigenous-groups-a-community-cross-sectional-study-in-the-amazonian-southern-border-region-of-ecuador
#18
Natalia Romero-Sandoval, Claudia Ortiz-Rico, Héctor Javier Sánchez-Pérez, Daniel Valdivieso, Carlos Sandoval, Jacob Pástor, Miguel Martín
BACKGROUND: Rural communities in the Amazonian southern border of Ecuador have benefited from governmental social programmes over the past 9 years, which have addressed, among other things, diseases associated with poverty, such as soil transmitted helminth infections. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of geohelminth infection and several factors associated with it in these communities. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study in two indigenous communities of the Amazonian southern border of Ecuador...
March 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292747/-kids-save-lives-educating-schoolchildren-in-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-is-a-civic-duty-that-needs-support-for-implementation
#19
EDITORIAL
Bernd W Böttiger, Federico Semeraro, Sabine Wingen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291962/matching-the-statistical-model-to-the-research-question-for-dental-caries-indices-with-many-zero-counts
#20
John S Preisser, D Leann Long, John W Stamm
Marginalized zero-inflated count regression models have recently been introduced for the statistical analysis of dental caries indices and other zero-inflated count data as alternatives to traditional zero-inflated and hurdle models. Unlike the standard approaches, the marginalized models directly estimate overall exposure or treatment effects by relating covariates to the marginal mean count. This article discusses model interpretation and model class choice according to the research question being addressed in caries research...
March 15, 2017: Caries Research
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